FuturaGene has spent 11 years trialling thousands of GM eucalyptus and poplar trees on 100-hectare plots in Israel, China and outside São Paulo in Brazil, and is now at the last stages of the Brazilian regulatory process for commercial planting. Thanks to a gene taken from the common, fast-growing Arabidopsis weed, the company has found a way to alter the structure of plant cell walls to stimulate the natural growth process. The company says its modified eucalyptus trees can grow 5 metres (16ft) a year, with 20%-30% more mass than a normal eucalyptus. In just five and a half years they are 27 metres high.
More than 40 years ago, scientists discovered that one of the proteins involved in photosynthesis, called Photosystem 1 (PS1), continued to function when it was extracted from plants like spinach. Then they determined PS1 converts sunlight into electrical energy with nearly 100 percent efficiency, compared to conversion efficiencies of less than 40 percent achieved by artificial devices.This prompted various research groups around the world to begin trying to use PS1 to create more efficient solar cells.
Via Olive Ventures
Through the CDM, developed countries can engage in economically and environmentally competitive emission reduction projects that are conceived and implemented in developing countries. In Rwanda, projects that have the potential to be included in CDM include reforestation, waste management, biomass waste/biogas usage, energy efficiency and renewable energy.
Wood is the main source of energy. It is used everywhere and when there is no forest, people take bushes. In some places you also find inexpensive coal in a very bad quality. In that case, people use coal. But this is only for heating. For cooking, they still use wood.
Edinburgh Napier University transformed pott ale and draff from the making of whisky into fuel to run a vehicle, and now the university has turned that process into a business called Celtic Renewables Ltd.!
I have a love/hate affair with biofuels and biodiesel, because while they may be cleaner than petro-fuels, and considered a renewable resource, growing the feedstock usually entails a lot of land and a lot of water, both of which are limited resources. But if a new process for making biodiesel from sewage sludge gets commercialized, every flush of the toilet could be helping to fuel some of our energy needs.
The higher energy efficiencies enabled by Monsanto products and systems have come from advances in three areas: breeding, biotechnology, and agronomics/chemistry. These higher efficiencies have meant higher yields on a generally constant cropland area, which has resulted in dramatic increases in the total U.S. supply of both corn and soybeans, allowing for more renewable fuel production from these two grain feedstocks.
Alganomics, LLC, Southport, NC based leader in culturing algae for biomass, installed in cooperation with the region's leading solar company, Cape Fear Solar Systems, LLC, a photovoltaic solar system to offset energy used during the process of culturing algae for biofuel. With the aim to add new alternative energy sources to the renowned tubular photo bioreactor processes, a 4.8 kW solar electric system and hybrid windmills were installed at the algae culturing plant located at Oak Island's Wastewater Treatment Facility.