1.6 billion people worldwide have no access to public electricity networks and are thus “off-grid.” They use lamps that burn fossil fuels, mostly kerosene. In the process, 77 billion liters of kerosene are burned every year and 190 million tons of CO2 are emitted. These lamps are not only dangerous and hazardous to health but also uneconomical and harmful to the environment. To stop this trend, Osram has developed a sustainable lighting solution for regions without power grids. In April 2008, a pilot project was launched on the banks of Lake Victoria in Kenya. Osram built solar-powered energy stations (O-hubs) where residents can recharge batteries for energy-saving lamps, lights, and other electrical devices like mobile phones and radios at low cost and with low impact on the environment. Using a pawnbroking system, Osram furnishes the residents with the necessary lighting products (O-lamps or O-boxes) that require no connection to a power grid. The only thing they have to pay for is charging up the batteries. The advantages are many: Thanks to the O-hubs, an hour of light costs much less than lighting with kerosene. What's more, the new lights and lamps are brighter, safer, healthier, and much more eco-friendly than the formerly used fossil-fueled lamps.