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Sobre o Serviço Público de Rádio e Televisão Legislação elencada no site da ERC – Entidade Reguladora para a Comunicação Social

Sobre o Serviço Público de Rádio e Televisão Legislação elencada no site da ERC – Entidade Reguladora para a Comunicação Social | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

E o que é serviço público?
 

Uma possível noção de serviço público: é aquele que é instituído, mantido e executado pelo Estado, com o objectivo de atender aos seus próprios interesses e de satisfazer as necessidades coletivas.


MISSÃO, OBJECTIVOS E OBRIGAÇÕES DE SERVIÇO PÚBLICO

 

A missão e objectivos são fixados na Lei e no Contrato de Concessão do Serviço Público de Televisão. As políticas da Empresa são estabelecidas pelo Conselho de Administração, em linha com os objectivos fixados e as orientações que vêm sendo transmitidas pela Tutela.

 

CONTRATO DE CONCESSÃO DO SERVIÇO PÚBLICO DE TELEVISÃO

 

• Assegurar uma programação variada, contrastada e abrangente, que corresponda às necessidades e interesses dos diferentes públicos.

 

• Assegurar uma programação de referência, qualitativamente exigente e que procure a valorização cultural e educacional dos cidadãos.

 

• Promover, com a sua programação, o acesso ao conhecimento e à aquisição de saberes, assim como o fortalecimento do sentido crítico do público.

 

• Combater a uniformização da oferta televisiva, através de programação efetivamente diversificada, alternativa, criativa e não determinada por objectivos comerciais.

 

• Manter uma programação e informação de referência, contribuindo desse modo para regular e qualificar o universo do audiovisual nacional.

 

• Proporcionar uma informação isenta, rigorosa, plural e contextualizada, que garanta a cobertura noticiosa dos principais acontecimentos nacionais e internacionais.

 

• Assegurar a possibilidade de expressão e confronto das diversas correntes de opinião, designadamente de natureza política, religiosa e cultural.

 

• Assegurar a promoção da cultura portuguesa e dos valores que exprimem a identidade nacional, de acordo com uma visão universalista, aberta aos diferentes contextos civilizacionais.

 

• Assegurar uma informação precisa, completa e contextualizada, imparcial e independente perante poderes públicos e interesses privados.

 

• Assegurar a valorização da criatividade e a promoção do experimentalismo audiovisual.

• Assegurar a acessibilidade dos cidadãos residentes no território nacional aos serviços de programas por si difundidos.

 

• Assegurar a adopção de tecnologia, técnicas e equipamentos que proporcionem a melhoria da qualidade ou eficiência do serviço público de televisão.

 

• Promover a assimilação dos princípios, valores e direitos fundamentais vigentes na ordem comunitária e nacional, reforçando as condições para o exercício informado da cidadania e para o desenvolvimento de laços de solidariedade social.

 

• Garantir a produção e transmissão de programas educativos e de entretenimento destinados ao público jovem e infantil, contribuindo para a sua formação.

 

• Garantir a transmissão de programas de carácter cultural, educativo e informativo para públicos específicos.

 

• Garantir a emissão de programas que valorizem a economia e a sociedade portuguesa, na perspectiva do seu desenvolvimento.

 

• Participar em atividades de educação para os meios de comunicação social, garantindo, nomeadamente, a transmissão de programas orientados para esses objectivos.

 

• Promover a emissão de programas em língua portuguesa e reservar à produção europeia parte considerável do seu tempo de emissão, devendo dedicar-lhes percentagens superiores às exigidas na Lei a todos os operadores de televisão, atenta a missão de cada um dos seus serviços de programas.

 

• Apoiar a produção nacional de obras cinematográficas e audiovisuais, no respeito pelos compromissos internacionais que vinculam o Estado Português, e a co-produção com outros países, em especial europeus e da comunidade de língua portuguesa.

 

• Emitir programas destinados especialmente aos portugueses residentes fora de Portugal e aos nacionais de países de língua portuguesa.

 

• Garantir a possibilidade de acompanhamento das emissões por pessoas com necessidades especiais, nomeadamente através do recurso à legendagem por teletexto, à interpretação por meio da língua gestual, à áudiodescrição ou a outras técnicas que se revelem adequadas.

 

• Garantir o exercício dos direitos de antena, de resposta e de réplica política, nos temos constitucional e legalmente previstos.

 

• Emitir as mensagens cuja difusão seja solicitada pelo Presidente da República, pelo Presidente da Assembleia da República ou pelo Primeiro- Ministro.

 

• Ceder tempo de emissão à Administração Pública, com vista à divulgação de informações de interesse geral, nomeadamente em matéria de saúde e segurança públicas.

 

Contrato de Concessão do Serviço Público de Televisão (formato *.pdf) ☛ http://img.rtp.pt/wportal/grupo/governodasociedade/pdf/ser_publicoTV.pdf

 


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Food shortages could force world into vegetarianism, warn scientists

Food shortages could force world into vegetarianism, warn scientists | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
Water scarcity's effect on food production means radical steps will be needed to feed population expected to reach 9bn by 2050...

 

This article represents a good example of neo-Malthusian ideas concerning population growth and food production.  The recent drought and subsequent food shortage/spike in global food prices has renewed interest in these ideas.


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Charles M's comment, August 27, 2012 11:00 AM
Being a vegetarian is a lifestyle that not many people wish to embrace. People are looked down upon for being a vegetarian. In reality, as a vegetarian the food is incredible and the feeling after you eat food is drastic compared to a meat eater. As a vegetarian you think more abou what you are putting into your mouth, and eventually body.
Lim Jun Heng's curator insight, February 1, 2013 7:46 AM

From this article I can tell that the lack of water is getting more and more out of hand, affecting our food supply. It will not be a surprise for humans to become vegetarians as the lack of meat is apparent. Having a vegetarian diet is the only way for us human to have enough water for our own consumption. , I think it is not that bad to be a vegetarian, after all vegetarian leads a healthier lifestyle compared to people who always eat meat. Vegetables are good for our health after all. This makes me wonder, considering our lack of water and food supply, what will happen if people refuse to co-operate? And continues to waste resources, will we really be the cause of our own extinction? 

Mr Ortloff's curator insight, October 10, 2013 11:20 AM

Neo-Malthusian thought......

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Paula Rego, the stories painter

Paula Rego, the stories painter | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

Paula Rego (1935-), one of the most acclaimed Portuguese artists, has being placed among the four greatest living painters in England.

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Learning from failure: the importance of teaching with mistakes

Learning from failure: the importance of teaching with mistakes | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

Every idea from every discipline is a human idea that comes from a natural, thoughtful, and (ideally) unending journey in which thinkers deeply understand the current state of knowledge, take a tiny step in a new direction, almost immediately hit a dead end, learn from that misstep, and, through iteration, inevitably move forward. That recipe for success is not just the secret formula for original scholarly discovery, but also for wise, everyday thinking for the entire population. Hence, it is important to explicitly highlight how essential those dead ends and mistakes are — that is, to teach students the power of failure and how to fail effectively.

Individuals need to embrace the realization that taking risks and failing are often the essential moves necessary to bring clarity, understanding, and innovation. By making a mistake, we are led to the pivotal question: "Why was that wrong?" By answering this question, we are intentionally placing ourselves in a position to develop a new insight and to eventually succeed. But how do we foster such a critical habit of mind in our students — students who are hardwired to avoid failure at all costs? Answer: Just assess it.

For the last decade or so, I’ve put my students’ grades where my mouth is. Instead of just touting the importance of failing, I now tell students that if they want to earn an A, they must fail regularly throughout the course of the semester — because 5 percent of their final grade is based on their "quality of failure."

Read more: http://www.insidehighered.com/views/2012/08/21/essay-importance-teaching-failure#ixzz24FhH4krJ
Inside Higher Ed


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Ciclismo: adeus capacetes comuns, olá Hövding | P3

Ciclismo: adeus capacetes comuns, olá Hövding | P3 | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
É descrito como um capacete invisível para andar de bicicleta mas mais parece um “airbag”. É produzido em Portugal e carrega, via USB, em qualquer computador.

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Excessive austerity doesn’t pay, IMF economists show

Excessive austerity doesn’t pay, IMF economists show | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
It is probably one of the most important trips in Greece’s modern history. On Friday, the new Greek prime minister Antonis Samaras will travel to Berlin and ask the German chancellor Angela M...

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Mobento

Mobento | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

A good educational video site on topics including a wide range of science, history, maths, computing and more. Search using words that appear in the video.

http://ictmagic.wikispaces.com/Video%2C+animation%2C+film+%26+Webcams

 


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As Greece seeks more help, Ireland and Portugal press ahead

As Greece seeks more help, Ireland and Portugal press ahead | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

Reforms in the two countries do not guarantee their success, but each has kept its international rescue program largely on track.

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Integrated Sustainable Development: the Swedish Experience

Integrated Sustainable Development: the Swedish Experience | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

"Sweden is well positioned with regard to Sustainable Urban Planning, Design and Architecture. Stockholm was the first winner of the new European Green Capital Award and it was awarded the European Green Capital of 2010. One of the key drivers behind this is the strong Swedish tradition of cooperation between planning authorities, architects and developers. Hammarby sjöstad in Stockholm and Vastra hamnen are projects that are good examples of this tradition."


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alexandrine champiot's curator insight, December 2, 2014 9:45 AM

La Suède est un pays qui accorde de l’importance et s’investie pour un urbanisme durable. La ville à d’ailleurs été récompensée pour les efforts effectués ainsi elle a obtenu le prix de la capitale verte européenne en 2010. Cette réussite tient notamment au fait qu’en Suède il y a une forte volonté de coopération entre les aménageurs, les architectes et les autorités.

Les autorités sont vraiment préoccupées par l’environnement tout comme les entreprises privées et les citoyens. Cependant ça n’a pas été toujours le cas. En effet dans les années 1970, la Suède était un pays fortement pollué et fortement dépendante des autres pays en matière de pétrole. Les impacts négatifs sur l’environnement et la santé des personnes ont suscités une prise de conscience et les entreprises ont développés des méthodes durables pour le traitement de l’eau ou l’isolement des bâtiments. Des systèmes d'économie d'énergie automatiques et des carburants alternatifs ont également été créés. Ces innovations ont permis une formidable réduction des besoins en pétrole de la Suède. La législation assez stricte en matière d’environnement a permis de diminuer les émissions de CO2 sans entraver la croissance économique.
Le projet du district urbain durable de Hammarby Sjöstad à Stockholm est le plus grand projet de développement urbain et c’est un parfait exemple de la place de l’environnement dans l’aménagement urbain en Suède. Il a vu le jour autour du lac de Hammarbysjöà Stockholm et résulte de la reconversion d’un port industriel. En effet l’ancien port et sa zone ont été rénovés, développés et reconverties en un quartier respectueux de l’environnement. Des dispositions ont donc été prises dans les domaines de fourniture d'énergie, de traitementdel'eau, et desdéchets. 11000 appartements constituerons ce quartier afin d’accueillir 35 000 résidents. Les investisseurs sont multiples, la ville de Stockholm, 25entreprises de construction et deuxagences gouvernementales . Le maitre mot est le respect de l’environnement, tout est donc fait dans cette optique, le transport, le choix des matériaux de construction, le système d’énergie, le système de gestion des déchets. Tout doit être durable.

Au final ce projet a pour but de respecter l’environnement et d’offrir à ces occupent une certaine qualité de vie.

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5 Ways Rapid Technology Change Impacts Education via @josepicardo

5 Ways Rapid Technology Change Impacts Education via @josepicardo | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
Rapid technology change is here to stay.

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5 fascinating tidbits about napping

5 fascinating tidbits about napping | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

Could you use a nap right about now?

 

Chances are, your boss wouldn’t be wild about you pulling a George Costanza and cozying up beneath your desk to catch a few Zs.

 

But napping can help increase productivity, according to this infographic from Patio Productions (go figure). In fact, some major corporations are embracing the practice. And 34 percent of respondents to a National Sleep Foundation poll said their employees let them nap during the day.

 

Follow the link for some more info about napping that won’t make you nod off:


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L'ONU libère ses pictos

L'ONU libère ses pictos | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

  For the first time, the United Nations has released their collection of over two hundred humanitarian symbols for everyone to use. The Noun Project is thrilled to host this Collection, which has played a crucial role in expanding basic infrastructure and coordinating disaster relief efforts around the world. By using The Noun Project, The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) is dedicating their entire humanitarian symbol suite as public domain, allowing all of us to quickly and easily communicate some of the most crucial and complex concepts.   http://reliefweb.int/map/world/world-humanitarian-and-country-icons-2012


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Envisioning the future of technology

Envisioning the future of technology | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

Technology has transformed many things - one of which being how we teach and learn. How far will we go? What can be replaced by technology, and what can't? 

 

"65% of today’s grade-school children will end up at jobs that haven’t been invented yet."


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O país que funciona

O país que funciona | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

Portugal caminha a diferentes velocidade. Em tempo de recessão, há empresas que somam êxitos. Por que é que umas conseguem e outras não? O sucesso é vizinho da crise.


> Publicado no Diário Económico a 27 de Agosto de 2012


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Population clock for every country

Population clock for every country | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
Real time statistics for current population of any country. Real time data on population, births, deaths, net migration and population growth.

 

This site shows various demographic statistics for every country including some based on projections in demographic trends in the given country.  If the current trends hold (which they won't, but that is still an interesting measure), the entire Japanese population will disappear in 1,000 years according to this Global Post article: http://www.globalpost.com/dispatches/news/regions/asia-pacific/japan/population-clock-shows-japan-faces-extinction-1000-years


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Kyle Kampe's curator insight, May 27, 2014 10:17 PM

In AP Human Geo., this article relates to the population growth theme because it utilizes all of the indicators we learned in this class, including CBR, CDR, net migration rates, and population growth rates.

Riley Tuggle's curator insight, September 10, 2014 9:51 AM

I believe India has more men than women because sometimes when women can't have a son for their first or second child, the men would beat the women to death, or in some instances women are captured and sold for wives, and they may commit suicide they are so depressed. Also, some pregnant women find out their baby is a girl, they would aport or abandon her because sons are apparently more important and successful because they would stay home and take care of their parents when they are elderly and they would carry on the families name. -rt

MissPatel's curator insight, December 16, 2014 3:22 AM

This is fantastic - have a look at various countries and their 'rate' of growth

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Twiplomacy: World Leaders on Twitter | Visual.ly

Twiplomacy: World Leaders on Twitter | Visual.ly | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
Twiplomacy is the first-ever global study of world leaders on Twitter.

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Livre gratuit: Top sites pour télécharger des livres en Français

Livre gratuit: Top sites pour télécharger des livres en Français | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

Livre gratuit: Top sites pour télécharger des livres en Français


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Chioma Maryrose's comment, May 16, 2013 7:23 AM
university of nigeria has introduced new system of learning which is e learn which means that is easy for people in all part of the world to study here http://www.unn.edu.ng
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Neil Armstrong

Neil Armstrong | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

US astronaut and commander of Apollo 11 spacecraft was the first man to set foot on the moon.


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How to get more likes on Facebook - The Oatmeal

How to get more likes on Facebook - The Oatmeal | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

and, how not to...;-)


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Kathy Schrock's Guide to Everything!

Kathy Schrock's Guide to Everything! | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
This page will serve as the portal page to many of my technology resource support sites. Use the navigation bar on the left to view the pages.

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I Know What You Did on the Web

I Know What You Did on the Web | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
The sites you frequent are actively tracking information about you.

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A Different Kind of Diversity: The Changing Face of Engineering Education

A Different Kind of Diversity: The Changing Face of Engineering Education | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it

These statistics are depressing when you think about the social problems that technology has solved, the ways in which engineering has improved quality of life, and the inventions that save lives every day.

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10 Tips For Success From George Lois, The Original Mad Man

10 Tips For Success From George Lois, The Original Mad Man | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
Often billed as the original Mad Man, George Lois could also be called advertising’s original Bad Boy. Starting in the '50s, he dished up in-your-face campaigns for the likes of VW, the Four Seasons restaurant, and MTV.

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Social Network Demographics In 2012

Social Network Demographics In 2012 | Eudaimonia | Scoop.it
Do you know how old the average Twitter or Facebook user is? Do you know what share of Reddit’s users are women? We could go on and on; when it comes to social network demographics, the questions are endless.

Pingdom shows here the age and gender distribution on 24 of today’s most popular social networks and online communities.

 

Social media is most definitely not just for the young:

55% of Twitter users are 35 or older. 63% of Pinterest users are 35 or older. 65% of Facebook users are 35 or older. 79% of LinkedIn users are 35 or older.

 

Some sites have a considerable bias toward younger users:

58% of Reddit users are under 35. 60% of Github users are under 35. 63% of Hi5 users are under 35. 69% of Hacker News users are under 35. 69% of deviantART users are under 35. 83% of Orkut users are under 35.

 

Average user age per site

Based on the sites in this survey, the estimated age of the average social media user is just under 37 years old. Here are some other observations:

The oldest users. LinkedIn has the oldest user base, with the average user being 44.2 years old. The average Facebook user is 40.5 years old. The average Twitter user is 37.3 years old. The age trend for Facebook and Twitter.  Twitter’s user base is getting younger, while Facebook’s is getting older.

 

What about gender?

Based on the United States demographics data (from Ad Planner) there is a clear gender imbalance on many of these sites. Some are much more male dominated, and vice versa. However, when you look at all the data together, it becomes clear that women rule social media. More than two thirds of the sites in this survey have more female than male users.

 

Other observations:

17 out of 24 sites (71%) have more female than male users. The average gender distribution is 48.75% male, 51.25% female. Most male-dominated site? Slashdot (87% males) is the standout, followed by Hacker News (77% males) and Stack Overflow (76% males). In general, the more tech-focused sites in this survey have more male users than female. Most female-dominated site? Pinterest (79% females) is in a league of its own, followed by Goodreads (70% females) and Blogger (66% females). Facebook and Twitter have the same gender distribution: 40% male, 60% female.

As you can see, the only sites in this survey with more male than female users are Quora, Reddit, Orkut, Github, Stack Overflow, Hacker News and Slashdot.

Takeaway:  There’s a place for everyone in today’s social media landscape. These sites have users that span the entire age spectrum, and there really are no limits to what you can achieve online, regardless of age or gender.

 

A note on the source data: All the demographics data in this survey is for the United States, but the patterns shown here should translate roughly to other countries as well. That said, there are regional differences, so keep that in mind if you’re applying this to other parts of the world.

 

By Pingdom. http://bit.ly/SyLoDW

Ad Planner. http://bit.ly/PHQxqk

Source. http://bit.ly/PDK965


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Primitivos portugueses: Cómo se hizo...

El Museo Nacional de Escultura inaugura la exposición temporal "Primitivos. El siglo dorado de la pintura portuguesa 1450 - 1550". Mostramos lo que no se ve en la exposición: Personas que gesticulan, piensan, deambulan; luces y sombras; arte por los suelos; devoción por el oficio; todo entre cuatro paredes. La magia del montaje expositivo.

 
Spot TV - Primitivos Portugueses ☛ http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=xqPkKdTolDg

 

Primitivos. El siglo dorado de la pintura portuguesa 1450-1550. ☛ http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=lhC40SDCKcc

 

Museo Nacional de Escultura ☛ http://museoescultura.mcu.es/index.html


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