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Empathy and Compassion
The Empathy Movement Magazine: The latest news about empathy and compassion from around the world - CultureOfEmpathy.com
Curated by Edwin Rutsch
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Unpicking the autism puzzle by linking empathy to reward

Unpicking the autism puzzle by linking empathy to reward | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy is at the heart of human social life. It allows us to respond appropriately to others’ emotions and mental states. A perceived lack of empathy is also one of the symptoms that defines autism. Understanding this is key to devising effective therapies.


=====================

While empathic behaviour takes many forms,

it is worthwhile to note at least two main

sets of processes that are involved

in empathising.

========


One of these processes is a bottom-up, automatic response to others’ emotions. The classic example of this is breaking into giggles upon seeing another person giggle, without really knowing the reason why. The other is a top-down response, where we need to work out what another person must be feeling – a bit like solving a puzzle.


by Bhismadev Chakrabarti

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How Andrew Solomon's Peter Lanza Piece Makes Us More Empathetic

How Andrew Solomon's Peter Lanza Piece Makes Us More Empathetic | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

In Leslie Jamison’s essay “The Empathy Exams,” the title piece in her upcoming book, she writes, “Empathy isn’t just listening, it’s asking the questions whose answers need to be listened to.


===================

Empathy requires inquiry as

much as imagination. 
======== 


Empathy requires knowing you know nothing.” What the Sandy Hook shooting — or any of the 44 school shootings that have occurred since December 2012 — has taught us is that tragedy can, over time, feel unfathomable while also curdling into feeling absolutely commonplace. The rash of school shootings that have become not even front-page news in America have made us tired and frustrated. It leaves us looking for something like empathy, since it’s easy to feel just horror and sadness, looking for the balm of quick answers and a “bad guy” caught and put in jail.

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Empathy for Social Exclusion Involves the Sensory-Discriminative Component of Pain

Empathy for Social Exclusion Involves the Sensory-Discriminative Component of Pain | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Recent research has shown that experiencing events that represent a significant threat to social bonds activates a network of brain areas associated with the sensory-discriminative aspects of pain (Kross et al., 2011).


In the present study we investigated whether the same brain areas are involved when witnessing social exclusion threats experienced by others. Using a within-subject design, we show that an ecologically valid experience of social exclusion recruits areas coding the somatosensory components of physical pain (posterior insular cortex, and secondary somatosensory cortex). Furthermore, we show that this pattern of activation not only holds for directly experienced social pain, but also during empathy for social pain.


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subgenual cingulate cortex is the only

brain area conjointly active during empathy

for physical and social pain.

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Finally, we report that subgenual cingulate cortex is the only brain area conjointly active during empathy for physical and social pain. This supports recent theories that affective processing and homeostatic regulation are at the core of empathic responses.


 William Harryman 

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Study: Chimpanzees empathize with group mates and humans, but not with baboons or unfamiliar chimpanzees

Study: Chimpanzees empathize with group mates and humans, but not with baboons or unfamiliar chimpanzees | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Abstract: Human empathy can extend to strangers and even other species, but it is unknown whether non-humans are similarly broad in their empathic responses.


===================

We explored the breadth and

flexibility of empathy in chimpanzees,

a close relative of humans.

==========


We used contagious yawning to measure involuntary empathy and showed chimpanzees videos of familiar humans, unfamiliar humans and gelada baboons (an unfamiliar species). We tested whether each class of stimuli elicited contagion by comparing the effect of yawn and control videos. After including previous data on the response to ingroup and outgroup chimpanzees, we found that familiar and unfamiliar humans elicited contagion equal to that of ingroup chimpanzees.


Gelada baboons did not elicit contagion, and the response to them was equal to that of outgroup chimpanzees. However, the chimpanzees watched the outgroup chimpanzee videos more than any other. The combination of high interest and low contagion may stem from hostility towards unfamiliar chimpanzees, which may interfere with an empathic response.


Overall, chimpanzees showed flexibility in that they formed an empathic connection with a different species, including unknown members of that species. These results imply that human empathic flexibility is shared with related species.


by

Matthew W. Campbell
Frans B. M. de Waal


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Empathy chimpanzees offer is key to understanding human engagement

Empathy chimpanzees offer is key to understanding human engagement | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
New findings show that chimpanzees exhibit flexibility in their empathy, just as humans do. This may help explain the evolution of how and when humans engage with others and choose to offer flexibility, and how we can do so more.


While it's been long known that human empathy can extend to family, friends, strangers and even other species, it has been unknown until now whether nonhumans are similarly broad in their empathic responses.


======================

it has been unknown until now whether

nonhumans are similarly broad

in their empathic responses.

==========


To answer this question, Campbell and de Waal used contagious yawning as a measure of involuntary empathy. According to Campbell, "Copying the facial expressions of others helps us to adopt and understand their current state."


Emory Health Sciences

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Empathy in the Global World

Empathy in the Global World | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The first book to examine the nature, practices, and potential of empathy for understanding and addressing human problems on a global scale


Violence and acts of hatred worldwide—from the bombing of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 to wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Darfur, and Palestine—call attention to the critical importance of empathy in human affairs. 


=========================

Empathy in the Global World

examines the role of compassion

in decision making

=========


Empathy in the Global World examines the role of compassion in decision making, how it is communicated via the media, and how it affects global problems such as poverty and environmental disasters.


Ideal for undergraduate and graduate students, politicians, and reformers, this important work helps readers understand the workings of empathy—the bedrock of intercultural communication—as it demonstrates the importance of understanding the role of compassion in addressing international challenges.

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Audio: Jill Pruetz on Empathy Among Primates

Audio: Jill Pruetz on Empathy Among Primates | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Host Charity Nebbe talked with Pruetz to find out more about the way these primates develop and use tools, and how their cultures form.


She learns about a time when the chimpanzees helped Pruetz navigate a raging wildfire. Pruetz also shares a story about the rescue of a baby chimpanzee, and the remarkable empathy she says was shown to the baby and mother by a young chimpanzee named Mike.


===================

the remarkable empathy she says was

shown to the baby and mother by

a young chimpanzee named Mike.

=============

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Campaign Video Teaches Lessons in Empathy for War Torn Families - Intent Blog

Campaign Video Teaches Lessons in Empathy for War Torn Families - Intent Blog | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
A one second a day video starring a little girl in Syria teaches valuable lessons about empathy and the consequences of war.


The world doesn’t change with one person but we can start making a small difference with one intent at a time.


==============

Thanks to this video I intend to live

with more empathy.

=========


What can you do to make the world a more compassionate place?

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how to use empathy in business | Meredith C. Bullock

how to use empathy in business | Meredith C. Bullock | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Now, I realize there are a lot of woman like me and that it might be easy for her to categorize me. But that’s not the point. My point is she lacked empathy.


Empathy is the capacity to recognize emotions that are being experienced by others. 


======================

Not for a split second did I feel she

put herself in my shoes. 

======


Not for a split second did I feel she put herself in my shoes. She was cold and made me feel terrible about tracking my ovulation and that I must stop trying so hard.


....3 tips on how to bring empathy to your business


1. Put yourself in their shoes....


2. Meet Face-to-Face: Nothing says I care more than a face-to-face conversation....


3. Define & educate your clients on how your process works...


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The Neurochemistry of Empathy, Storytelling, and the Dramatic Arc, Animated

The Neurochemistry of Empathy, Storytelling, and the Dramatic Arc, Animated | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

This week, I’m headed to the Future of Storytelling summit, an unusual cross-disciplinary unconference exploring exactly what it says on the tin. Among the presenters is neuroeconomics pioneer Paul Zak, director of the Center for Neuroeconomic Studies and author of The Moral Molecule: The Source of Love and Prosperity.


======================

this short film on empathy,

neurochemistry, and the dramatic arc

=============


In this short film on empathy, neurochemistry, and the dramatic arc, directed and edited by my friend Kirby Ferguson and animated by Henrique Barone, Zak takes us inside his lab, where he studies how people respond to stories.


by Maria Popova


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What Bonobos Can Tell Us About Our Parents

What Bonobos Can Tell Us About Our Parents | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
A recent study reveals unexpected similarities between the emotional lives of human and ape kids—bound together by the quality of parenting.


Their results, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveal strong similarities between the emotional development of bonobos and that of human children—especially about the relationship between mothering, emotional regulation, and empathy for others.


================

...study confirmed that emotion regulation
is an essential part of empathy,
in two primates who share 99 percent
of the same DNA:
bonobos and humans.
========= 


By William Pettus

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Eli Levine's curator insight, March 7, 2014 12:16 PM

Very interesting.

 

I wonder if the same holds true for chimps.

 

What does this say about the ways we ought to raise our kids, in order to produce the best possible human beings from what can be given as parents?


Think about it.

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Compassion fatigue - Jamie Elkon

Compassion fatigue - Jamie Elkon | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

I carry on
I do my duty
I nurse an invisible ache
I forget to eat
I drink too much
I sleep too little
I care for others but
I don’t care for myself

.....

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The Power of Compassion

The Power of Compassion | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

excerpt from the Prologue to The Middle Way.


Compassion brings inner strength, and compassion also brings truth. With truth, you have nothing to hide, and you are not dependent on the opinions of others. That brings a self-confidence, with which you can deal with any problem without losing hope or determination.


Based on my experiences, I can say that when life becomes difficult and you are confronting a host of problems, if you maintain your determination and keep making an effort, then obstacles or problems become really very helpful, for they broaden and deepen your experience.


======================

Thus I think compassion is the

most precious thing. 

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empathy, n. : Oxford English Dictionary

empathy, n. : Oxford English Dictionary | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The OED is the definitive record of the English language, featuring 600,000 words, 3 million quotations, and over 1,000 years of English.



1. In the psychological theory of K. Lasswitz: a physical property of the nervous system analogous to electrical capacitance, believed to be correlated with feeling. Obs. rare.



 2.


a. Psychol. and Aesthetics. The quality or power of projecting one's personality into or mentally identifying oneself with an object of contemplation, and so fully understanding or appreciating it. Now rare.

 b. orig. Psychol. The ability to understand and appreciate another person's feelings, experience, etc.

=======================
The ability to understand and appreciate
another person's feelings,
experience, etc.
=======



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Antisocial Teenagers Unable to Empathize

Antisocial Teenagers Unable to Empathize | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Antisocial behavior in teens is worsening as their usage of social media, TV and games increases.


They become immune to how others feel and cannot sympathize with them. A recent study set out to find a connection between antisocial teenagers and their inability to empathize. Researchers found a link to regions of the brain that are used to process information and control impulses. When these brain activity centers are underdeveloped, it creates an inability to show empathy.


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When these brain activity centers are
underdeveloped, it creates an inability
to show empathy.

=======

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MaryFrankIMSD's curator insight, March 13, 2014 9:03 AM

"When these brain activity centers are underdeveloped, it creates an inability to show empathy."

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Chimps catch people’s yawns in sign of flexible empathy | Science News

Chimps catch people’s yawns in sign of flexible empathy | Science News | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Chimpanzees may show humanlike empathy, as evidenced by their contagious yawning.


Chimpanzees possess a flexible, humanlike sensitivity to the mental states of others, even strangers from another species, researchers suggest March 11 in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Empathy’s roots go back at least to the common ancestor of humans and chimps, they say.


========================

Having socially connected with

facility workers, chimps reacted empathically

to human strangers who yawned,

the researchers propose.

==============


BY BRUCE BOWER 

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Sam Vaknin: The Cold Empathy Of The Psychopathic Mind [Video]

Sam Vaknin: The Cold Empathy Of The Psychopathic Mind [Video] | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it


Michael Cross,

author of the

"Freedom from Conscience"

book series interviews

Sam Vaknin,

author of

"Malignant Self Love: Narcissism Revisited." 

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A two faced business - Facts and fallacies about the business sense of survival or empathy.

A two faced business - Facts and fallacies about the business sense of survival or empathy. | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The two mutually supportive predominant instincts that define human behaviour are survival and empathy. ...


The empathy model also conjures up many assumptions that have to be challenged.



The empathy model is leftist, socialist, Marxist and anti-free market.


  • Without a strong underpinning of empathy our world would fall apart and humanity would self-destruct.
  • As Adam Smith implied in “Theory of Moral Sentiments”, empathy is nurtured in freedom. Freedom in turn cannot flourish without empathy.
  • Empathy cannot be institutionalised in a system. Coerced empathy is an intolerable oxymoron and creates resentment and envy.

 

============================

The empathy model is leftist, socialist,

Marxist and anti-free market

========


It goes against classic business principles.


by Jerry Schuitema


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Martha Nussbaum, empathy, and the moral imagination | openDemocracy

Martha Nussbaum, empathy, and the moral imagination | openDemocracy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The emphasis in Martha Nussbaum’s work on the importance of the emotions in moral philosophy also posits that story-telling plays a central role in expanding our empathy and as such is a necessary part of a just society.


 ....Literature, she argues, is nourishing because it expands our empathy, developing our moral imagination.  Empathy is something we practice, and literature helps us to flex this muscle.  By encouraging us to exercise our moral imagination, we develop our capacity to more fully put ourselves in another person’s situation and thus those ‘different’ to ourselves in circumstance, identity or practice can no longer be dehumanised or Other-ised as ‘disgusting’ or ‘subhuman’.   


===========================

Literature, she argues,

is nourishing because it expands

our empathy,

developing our moral imagination.

==========

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The Heart Of The Matter: When Therapy Becomes Theology In The UMC's Full Inclusion Debate

The Heart Of The Matter: When Therapy Becomes Theology In The UMC's Full Inclusion Debate | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

We maintain eye contact.  We listen well.  We lean forward. We repeat back what we are hearing.  We say “sounds like” as often as we can.  We listen with empathy and without judgment. 


We immerse ourselves in the stories we are hearing and rarely, if ever, offer directed advice.  Any seminary-trained, CPE-drenched pastor knows exactly what I’m talking about and has done this kind of ministry hundreds of times.  And in most cases, particularly as we help people navigate family dysfunction and personal trauma, that posture of reflective listening is perfectly appropriate.


However, when therapy turns into theology, something else entirely happens:  our experience and our empathy determine our doctrine.


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when therapy turns into theology,

something else entirely happens: 

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A Heart to Heart Conversation on Empathy

A Heart to Heart Conversation on Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
We are hard-wired to feel empathy, which is mostly described as an inherent ability to think or feel like another.  However, empathy can be many things.

If it is not to feel understanding and compassion for another, it is a survival tool that has become an integral part of our nature. We use the soft, nurturing side of empathy to care for our newborn and our elderly, to tell compelling stories to transfer our knowledge and wisdom, to create and enjoy art, and to remain social beings by trying to understand and relate to others.

======================

We also use empathy when hunting,

not only for food and animals,

but also for ideas in the business world. 

=============

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Feeling empathy makes you a better friend, parent, leader, person

Feeling empathy makes you a better friend, parent, leader, person | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Parents need to model empathetic behavior and identify other people’s feelings for their children, says Lynne Sipiora.


Empathy is democratic because it enables you to see that every life is unique and yet deserving of equal consideration. Empathy drives transformation, supports collaborative efforts and creates change.


==================

Empathy drives transformation,

supports collaborative efforts and

creates change.

===========


Empathy is not “walking a mile in someone’s shoes.”

It is recognizing that they are tired, exhausted and their feet hurt and remembering when you have felt the same. And then it is offering them a ride or maybe a bus ticket and a better fitting pair of shoes.

Empathy first — feel it or learn it.


Change second.

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Empathy Map Your Way to Relevant Messages

Empathy Map Your Way to Relevant Messages | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Get to know what the folks you want to engage think, do, care about and hate via personas and this new Empathy Map tool.


The  Empathy Map is a proven framework for strong connections with the folks you need to act—to give, to volunteer, to take whatever action you need to move your mission forward.


The Map highlights key elements of your supporters’ environment, behavior, concerns and aspirations, enabling you to hone your messages, tone and channels to what’s most important to them (and so most likely to be digested, and acted on). That’s relevance, and relevance rules.


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The  Empathy Map is a proven framework

for strong connections with

the folks you need to act 

==========


by Rob Wu 

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Eli Levine's curator insight, March 7, 2014 12:50 PM

Useful.

 

Enjoy!

Mia Kinjo's curator insight, March 9, 2014 10:26 PM

Empathy and your market

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A Heart to Heart Conversation on Empathy

A Heart to Heart Conversation on Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

There is a road from one heart to another 


We are hard-wired to feel empathy, which is mostly described as an inherent ability to think or feel like another.  However, empathy can be many things. If it is not to feel understanding and compassion for another, it is a survival tool that has become an integral part of our nature. We use the soft, nurturing side of empathy to care for our newborn and our elderly, to tell compelling stories to transfer our knowledge and wisdom, to create and enjoy art, and to remain social beings by trying to understand and relate to others.


==================

We also use empathy when hunting,

not only for food and animals, but also

for ideas in the business world.  

===============


By Elif Gokcigdem

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a thousand hands of compassion - book review

a thousand hands of compassion - book review | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Some time ago, one of my dharma friends sent me this lovely book. A Thousand Hands of Compassion: The Chant of Korean Spirituality and Enlightenment by Seon Master Daehaeng¹. I was strangely moved....


Compassion, however, is something else all together. It costs everything. And it requires that we are willing to be in the presence of everything. There are no options or substitutions allowed.


My one mind is the root of all things.
All things arise from it,
so all things I completely entrust to it.
This letting go
fills my heart with light. (p. 36)

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