Empathy and Compassion
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Empathy and Compassion
The Empathy Movement Magazine: The latest news about empathy and compassion from around the world - CultureOfEmpathy.com
Curated by Edwin Rutsch
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Do humans share feelings with robots? A new study suggests they do.

Do humans share feelings with robots? A new study suggests they do. | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Human empathy may extend further than we thought. In fact, humans may even have the ability to empathize with manufactured machines.

Researchers at Toyohashi University of Technology in collaboration with Kyoto University, released a study Tuesday revealing that when shown images of human and humanoid robotic hands in painful situations, humans responded with similar immediate levels of empathy, as evidenced by recorded electrical activity of the brain.


“Empathy with robots as well as other humans may facilitate prosocial behaviors. Robots that help us or interact with us should be empathized by humans.”



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"How to Empathy" - Episode 7 - YouTube

Last week, we explored how we tend to speak when should be listening, offering advice based on our experience. Join Christian this week as he explores how we...
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Why Tolerance Won't Be Enough

Why Tolerance Won't Be Enough | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Tolerance simply stated, is the absence of physical violence against someone else. But it doesn't guarantee that laws and edicts won't be issued that undermine the spirit of coexistence....


I along with my colleagues at Harvard; rabbis, priests, pastors and ministers are trying to learn from one another so that we can actualize the empathy in our respective faith-traditions rather than preach a hollow, isolated Word without engagement and fellowship.


Sometimes it's uncomfortable, but it's authentic and it's healthy. Unfortunately the world's problems won't be solved on a college campus.


Nevertheless pockets of people all over the country are realizing that tolerance and acceptance without education is a cop-out; a way to sterilize the human instinct to understand and empathize.


Taymullah Abdur-Rahman 

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mohaliarena's comment, November 3, 2015 1:19 AM
nice looking
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Studies Link Social Anxiety To Empathetic Ability, High IQs, & Sentinel Intelligence

Studies Link Social Anxiety To Empathetic Ability, High IQs, & Sentinel Intelligence | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

What if they are more aware of the things that are wrong with society and are more connected to the suffering in the world?  What if an anxious mind is a searching and connected mind? 


A very important study came out a few years ago linking social anxiety to increased empathetic abilities.  People who report suffering from social anxiety have an increased ability to feel and interpret the emotions and mental states of people around them.


Results support the hypothesis that high socially anxious individuals may demonstrate a unique social-cognitive abilities profile with elevated cognitive empathy tendencies and high accuracy in affective mental state attributions.


Steven Bancarz,

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Read my lips: truly empathic robots will be a long time coming

Read my lips: truly empathic robots will be a long time coming | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
This heralds a new era in the development of sociable artificial intelligence (AI). But it raises the inevitable question as to whether AI is ever likely to be able to understand and respond to the experiences of humans in a genuine manner, i.e. have empathy.

In their shoes

In order to answer this question, it is important to consider how humans experience empathy. In general, there seem to be two kinds. The first is “cognitive” empathy, or the ability to judge what another person might be thinking, or to see things from their point of view.


Skye McDonald 

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One Trait That Gets Them Noticed For Leadership Roles: Could empathy lead to your success, even if you’re a new hire?

One Trait That Gets Them Noticed For Leadership Roles: Could empathy lead to your success, even if you’re a new hire? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it


It shouldn’t come as a surprise that the employees who prioritize their boss’s needs, interests, challenges and deliver results based on what’s important to their boss are the ones who consistently get noticed for salary raises and promotions. This requires a healthy balance of empathy and emotional intelligence.


They’re also smart about keeping track of their accomplishments and saving their list of achievements for performance appraisal time. The empathetic employee schedules a time to meet with her employer based on when it’s convenient for her boss and then shares how she’s been an asset to the team.

Empathetic employees often become leaders

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kalexandera's curator insight, November 1, 2015 8:48 AM

As we learn the benefits of power with versus the traditional power over approach, this may be one of the defining factors.

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Empathy — a teacher's best tool

Empathy — a teacher's best tool | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy.

It’s what Jesus practiced.

It’s what everyone — particularly children — needs.

It’s a skill — a gift  — teachers must possess if they are going to make a difference in the life of a child, says Terry Jamieson. 


And it’s the subject of Jamieson’s book: “The Book of Empathy: A Daily Book of Hope for Educators,” published by New Leaf Press.


 Jamieson is athletic director for Ozark High School and he is a man of deep faith, which is shared in his book.

“Christ emphasized the power of teaching in Scripture. He puts incredible responsibility on teachers. I wanted to be a leader before I wanted to be a teacher, and then I realized teaching is leading,” the 52-year-old said.


Juliana Goodwin

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Testosterone Levels Predict Fathers' Parenting Behaviors At Times When Babies Are Distressed

Testosterone Levels Predict Fathers' Parenting Behaviors At Times When Babies Are Distressed | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Responsive fathering has been associated with positive child outcomes. While there is a great variation among men in terms of how sensitive they are to their children, there had been no biological factor ever determined that can predict paternal involvement. A new study found that both man's level of testosterone and empathy contribute to a man's parenting behavior.
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Stanford Social Neuroscience Laboratory: New Publication: Tracking the emotional highs, but missing the lows: Hypomania Risk is associated with positively biased empathic accuracy inference

Stanford Social Neuroscience Laboratory: New Publication: Tracking the emotional highs, but missing the lows: Hypomania Risk is associated with positively biased empathic accuracy inference | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
New Publication: Tracking the emotional highs, but missing the lows: Hypomania Risk is associated with positively biased empathic accuracy inference

How might humans’ ability to accurately perceive others’ emotions—empathic accuracy—be affected in mood disorders? For example, people suffering from mania, a common symptom of bipolar disorder, often report feeling more positive emotions and having more positive experiences: do these symptoms affect how others are perceived? A recent study, done by Prof Jamil Zaki and PhD student Desmond Ong in collaboration with Hillary Devlin and...
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Choosing Empathy ** A Conversation With Jamil Zaki

Choosing Empathy ** A Conversation With Jamil Zaki | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
If you believe that you can harness empathy and make choices about when to experience it versus when not to, it adds a layer of responsibility to how you engage with other people.


If you feel like you're powerless to control your empathy, you might be satisfied with whatever biases and limits you have on it. You might be okay with not caring about someone just because they're different from you. I want people to not feel safe empathizing in the way that they always have. I want them to understand that they're doing something deliberate when they connect with someone, and I want them to own that responsibility.

JAMIL ZAKI is an assistant professor of psychology at Stanford University and the director of the Stanford Social Neuroscience Lab.  Jamil Zaki's Edge Bio Page.

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Empathy Workshop: Designing for extreme users

Empathy Workshop: Designing for extreme users | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Empathy is at the core of the human-centered design process. It helps you understand the people you’re designing for: what they do and why, their physical and emotional needs, how they see the work and what matters to them. Empathy is central to develop valuable and useful innovations.

This is one powerful way to understand better your future users and customers. It helps you define your problem and generate innovative solutions. Remember: framing the right problem is the only way to create the right solution!

In this 90 minutes workshop, we will invite you to explore (through a hands-on activity) what empathy means and how it can help you generate ideas.
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What drives humans to behave like monsters? - The Boston Globe

What drives humans to behave like monsters? - The Boston Globe | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
According to Baron-Cohen, empathy requires not only the capacity to suspend self-interest and a single-minded focus, but also the ability to identify with what another person is thinking or feeling, and to respond with appropriate emotions. In other words, true empathy entails both recognition and response.

Erosion of human empathy, he suggests, can be caused by many factors, such as rage, jealousy, abandonment, revenge, hatred, physical abuse, and even the desire to protect. As such, heinous acts inflicted upon another can occur as a function of either transient moments of “empathy erosion,” or as an enduring, lifelong pattern of behavior.
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CRITICAL PATH—Brianna Wu—Lack of Empathy in Gaming Culture

Brianna Wu, Independent Game Developer Credits Include: Revolution 60 --------------------------------------------------------------------- Instagram: https:...
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Lon Woodbury's curator insight, October 28, 2015 3:08 PM

In my admittedly limited experience in playing multi-player games, this seems true.  The game seems to be set up  to favor those who can do the most destruction to other's efforts, and destroying another's efforts are rewarded, but the rewards are much less to assist others and be understanding there are humans behind the avatar. -Lon

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Empathy Team 6: Intro to Empathy Circles: Part 1

 Animated Infographic to interest teens in Empathy Circle’s



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mohaliarena's comment, November 4, 2015 12:46 AM
nice
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No Empathy Without Sympathy

No Empathy Without Sympathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
The first person perspective yields self-awareness; the second person perspective yields empathy.

Empathetic Psychopathy

Empathy means "feeling into" -- the ability to project ones personality into another person and more fully understand that person. Empathy allows you to imagine what it's like to be me, him, or her.

Empathy is cognitive. It is the capacity to infer how another person senses, feels and thinks. It doesn't mean anything more than 'I am aware what it feels like to be in your shoes and see the world from where you are.' It is a purely operational concept without moral value. You can be a very empathetic psychopath. In fact, the most dangerous psychopaths are highly empathetic.


Fred Kofman 

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mohaliarena's comment, November 3, 2015 1:18 AM
very nice
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Empathy, Intentional Action, and The Person Concept: An Exercise in Descriptive Psychology - Wynn Schwartz, Ph.D.

“The instigation of the Person Concept was a very practical one.  It was the classic problem of how to teach students something about the interpretation of diagnostic instruments, case histories, and psychological theories, and about the conduct of psychotherapy and laboratory and field experimentation, without requiring that they give up their own conceptual and theoretical preferences in favor of those of an instructor (hence the descriptive focus).  A related goal was to accomplish this within a conceptually coherent, intellectually satisfying, and substantively adequate framework….” Peter Ossorio, Persons, 1966/1995
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Empathy & Kant by Lou Agosta

Empathy & Kant by Lou Agosta | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
The “communicability of feelings” (1790/93a: 174; §40 (AA 294)) sounds like step one of the multi-dimensional approach to empathy. It sounds like a rumor of empathy. It sounds like step one of an empathic communication that, with further cognitive processing, results in empathic relatedness between individuals. Kant’s “communicability of feeling” is the clue to the reconstruction of the deep history of empathy in Kant.

The approach is reconstruction, albeit one motivated by the Kantian texts and the definition of empathy as a unified multi-dimensional process.


However, this deep history of empathy is not only about how Kant anticipates the modern definition of empathy. Equally important is the realization that the modern engagement with empathy must live up to Kant’s requirements.


These include:

(1) an understanding of empathy enriched by the infusion of distinctions from Kant’s aesthetic philosophy, whose incomparable humanity maps to the multi-dimensional structure of empathy;


(2) an understanding of Kant as enriched by the inclusion of distinctions from empathy, whose inquiry humanizes in a way that maps to the structure of Kant’s philosophy; and


(3) the intersection and encounter of empathy with the Kantian project of humanity as innovative in its demand to humanize community and communalize humanity.

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How to Teach Empathy Through Fiction - InformED

How to Teach Empathy Through Fiction - InformED | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
How to Teach Empathy Through Fiction1. Aim for “Transport” Every Time

Not everything we read magically transports us to a fictional world. But it may be worth choosing reading materials that are known for their transportational potential.


One study examined the effects of fiction on two different types of empathy: cognitive (more like sympathy) and affective (actually feeling what someone else is feeling). Thirty-three participants were tested on prior exposure to fiction, transportation, and different measures of cognitive empathy, affective empathy, and helping tendency. The results revealed that exposure to fiction was associated with cognitive, but not affective, empathy, while the experience of being transported was associated with story-induced affective empathy. Story-induced affective empathy was also associated with helping tendency. The researchers suggest there may be potential “implications for relationships between reactions to fictional worlds and reactions to real-world behaviours.”



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Parenting Skills Influenced by Testosterone Levels, Empathy

Parenting Skills Influenced by Testosterone Levels, Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

By Rick Nauert PhD


A new University of Michigan study suggests a relationship between lowered testosterone and a father’s parenting skills during early childhood.

Researchers explain that while testosterone levels affect a man’s sex drive and other health factors, it also provides a window into men’s parenting.

Investigators found that when men saw their infants in distress, it lowered their testosterone. That factor, as well as being empathetic and having a loving relationship with the infant’s mother, predicted whether they were nurturing fathers.

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Teaching empathy can help reduce violence

Teaching empathy can help reduce violence | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The roots of crime are complex, but somewhere in taking a life is a lack of caring, empathy and compassion. A recent study, “Making Caring Common,” found the seeds of those character traits are present early in life, but need fertilizing by nurturing adults through every stage of childhood to produce caring, ethical people.

“We really started from a place of belief that caring and kindness are at the foundation of promoting better communities and really a better world,” said Luba Falk Feigenberg of the New Youth Campaign at Harvard University and a member of the study’s research team....


“Bullying is definitely a topic we talk about a lot these days,” said Jill Gordon, YPII’s program director. “Where can they step in and really be compassionate and show empathy?”


Glenn Augustine

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Testosterone Levels, Empathy May Predict Dad's Parenting Style

Testosterone Levels, Empathy May Predict Dad's Parenting Style | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Testosterone levels and empathetic tendencies may predict a man's parenting skills, according to a recent study.

Researchers at the University of Michigan found that when men saw their infants in distress, it lowered their testosterone levels--which can affect sex drive and other health factors.



During the study, researchers examined 175 men whose spouse/partner was pregnant with their second child. The researchers took hormone tests via saliva samples to assess father-infant interaction. Participants were also required to participate in a videotaped activity in which the child was separated from the father for a short period of time and then later reunited with him or her.


Kathleen Lees

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kalexandera's curator insight, November 1, 2015 8:46 AM

We are starting to look at what are social model for masculinity is doing to men - and the picture isn't pretty. This can open minds.

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Stanford Social Neuroscience Laboratory: EMPATHY

Stanford Social Neuroscience Laboratory:  EMPATHY | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Audience members’ palms sweat while they watch a tightrope walker teeter over a precipice, even as the onlookers stand on solid ground.  Friends wonder how to help each other through struggles, and customers wonder whether a used car salesman is genuinely happy to see them.  All of these instances represent forms of empathy: sharing, people’s thinking about, and feeling concern for others’ emotions.  

The SSNL studies empathy through a wide range of conceptual approaches and methods.  We examine the components of empathy and their underlying neural systems (Zaki & Ochsner, 2012), as well as the motives that drive people to approach or avoid engaging with others’ emotions (Zaki, 2014; Schumman, Zaki, & Dweck, 2014). 


We also use formal models to probe how people make sense of others’ emotions based on signals such as facial expressions or language (Ong, Zaki, & Goodman, in press, Zaki, 2013), and how people to form accurate impressions of each others’ minds (Zaki & Ochsner, 2011, Nook, Lindquist, & Zaki, in press).  We also use field and social network analyses to assess the empathy people feel for each other and their community outside the lab, and the consequences of such empathy for well being (Morelli et al., in press).


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Winning Over Endangered Empathy - Cincinnati Family Magazine

Winning Over Endangered Empathy - Cincinnati Family Magazine | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
What does it mean to empathetic?

Some scholars define empathy as the ability to understand another person’s perspective and feelings about a situation. Others add that an empathetic person will respond to that understanding — a child offers a favorite toy to an upset friend, for example.


Although there is debate over empathy as a natural-born quality, plenty of evidence supports the idea that it is instinctive in children.

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, located in Germany, conducted a study in which 3- and 5-year-olds watched a puppet “steal” items from another puppet.  They found that the children would then take those “stolen” items from the misbehaving puppet and return them to the original owner — indicating that preschoolers could show concern for others and even go so far as to help by returning the items. 


 Sherry Hang

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President Obama & Marilynne Robinson: A Conversation

President Obama & Marilynne Robinson: A Conversation | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
The President: Are you somebody who worries about people not reading novels anymore? And do you think that has an impact on the culture?


When I think about how I understand my role as citizen, setting aside being president, and the most important set of understandings that I bring to that position of citizen, the most important stuff I’ve learned I think I’ve learned from novels. It has to do with empathy.


It has to do with being comfortable with the notion that the world is complicated and full of grays, but there’s still truth there to be found, and that you have to strive for that and work for that. And the notion that it’s possible to connect with some[one] else even though they’re very different from you.

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Why is it so important to teach our children empathy?

Why is it so important to teach our children empathy? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Empathy, or the ability to understand and share the feelings of other, seems to have become one of the buzzwords of the 21st century. But with a big long list of things you already need to do as a parent, how much time or thought should any of us actually give to this while we are muddling through just trying to keep our heads above water?

For many of us, empathy may just seem like an abstract word, so I have got my head together with a lovely friend (Katya Bobova*) who also happens to be journalist who specialises in writing about child development issues, to try and break things down a little on the empathy stakes in the following in conversation….

Is empathy something that is innate, or is it learnt?

by Katya Bobova 

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