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Empathy and Compassion
The Empathy Movement Magazine: The latest news about empathy and compassion from around the world - CultureOfEmpathy.com
Curated by Edwin Rutsch
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Study: Measuring the impact of a 3D simulation experience on nursing students' cultural empathy using a modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale

Study: Measuring the impact of a 3D simulation experience on nursing students' cultural empathy using a modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

To determine the effect of immersive 3D cultural simulation on nursing students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients.


BACKGROUND:
Accelerated globalisation has seen a significant increase in cultural diversity in most regions of the world over the past forty years. Clinical encounters that do not acknowledge cultural factors contribute to adverse patient outcomes and health care inequities for culturally and linguistically diverse people. Cultural empathy is an antecedent to cultural competence. Thus, appropriate educational strategies are needed to enhance nursing students' cultural empathy and the capacity to deliver culturally competent care.


RESULTS: Students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients significantly improved after exposure to the 3D simulation experience. The mean scores for the Perspective Taking and Valuing Affective Empathy subscales also increased significantly postsimulation.


Slideshow: From culture shock to cultural empathy to cultural competence: An innovative 3D immersive simulation experience 

http://www.keele.ac.uk/nursingandmidwifery/newsevents/seminarprogramme/seminarsarchive2014/cultural%20empathy%20Levett-Jones.pdf


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Should We Train Doctors for Empathy?

Should We Train Doctors for Empathy? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Following a wave of research suggesting the benefits of emotionally attuned physicians, the medical field is exploring ways to cultivate empathy.

How to build empathy in medicine

...In addition, evidence suggests that physicians with higher empathy levels—meaning that they are aware of their patients’ emotional needs and respond appropriately to their concerns—experience less stress, cynicism, and burnout than those with less empathy.


... Mohammadreza Hojat, the director of Thomas Jefferson University’s Longitudinal Study of Medical Education, has shown that empathy levels tend to decrease as students go through medical school—especially during the third year, when they start to see patients—suggesting that the erosion of empathy may be more about what’s happening during training rather than the capabilities students possess upon admission.


By Jill Suttie


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Morning Musings. 7-21-15 "The power of empathy"

Morning Musings are pithy and provocative reflections by award winning musician Peter Himmelman.
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Lessons learned at Empathy School

Lessons learned at Empathy School | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
What is the most powerful quality a business leader can possess?

Intelligence? Some of the most successful executives were average students. Competitiveness? Conference rooms don't need any more locker room-style pep talks. Wiliness? Bosses need to inspire trust.


Empathy? Probably not your fourth guess, but it's the right answer.

Researchers who study leadership and corporate culture are turning up more and more evidence that empathic leaders build better teams, negotiate better deals and produce happier clients.


Yet surveys also show that many managers consider empathy a sign of weakness or femininity, not the kind of thing macho businessmen embrace.


By Chris Tomlinson

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Are You an Empathetic or Analytical Thinker? What Your Favorite Songs Can Tell You About The Way Your Brain Works

Are You an Empathetic or Analytical Thinker? What Your Favorite Songs Can Tell You About The Way Your Brain Works | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The researchers found that empathetic individuals ("empathizers") tended to prefer more emotionally driven music, while analytic minds ("systemizers") gravitated toward music with greater sonic complexity. 

"Empathizers, who have a drive to understand the thoughts and feelings of others, preferred music ... which featured low energy, negative emotions (such as sadness) and emotional depth," David Greenberg, a Ph.D. candidate at Cambridge and the study's lead author, told The Huffington Post in an email. "On the other hand, systemizers, who have a drive to understand and analyze the patterns that underpin the world, preferred music ... which not only features high energy and positive emotions."


Carolyn Gregoire

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Why This Scientist And Buddhist Monk Is Calling For An 'Altruism Revolution'

Why This Scientist And Buddhist Monk Is Calling For An 'Altruism Revolution' | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Ricard argues that altruism is hard-wired into the human brain, and he describes this innate capacity to care for others as the answer to the greatest challenges facing our world today.

The book suggests that cultivating altruism on both an individual and societal level is the only way to bridge the "schizophrenic dialogue" between society's immediate needs and its long-term interests. Where we've gone wrong, Ricard says, is in sacrificing the well-being of future generations and the environment in order to satisfy our present desires.


Carolyn Gregoire 

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Are You an Empathetic or Analytical Thinker? Your Music Playlist May Hold the Answer.

Are You an Empathetic or Analytical Thinker? Your Music Playlist May Hold the Answer. | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

While music preference has already been linked to characteristics such as age, gender, and personality (extraverted people, for example, tend to prefer pop and dance music), researchers at Oxford University found that musical taste is a reflection of whether a person is more of an "empathizer" or "systemizer."


The researchers define empathizers as those who prefer to focus on the mental states and emotions of others and systemizers as those who like to analyze rules and patterns in the world.

Your position on this thinking-style spectrum indicates your "brain type" – i.e. whether you approach the world through a more empathizing or systemizing lens – which in turn, the researchers found, informs the kind of music that draws you in.


LAURA ENTIS
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Empathy and Morality - Heidi L. Maibom (ed.),- Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews

Empathy and Morality - Heidi L. Maibom (ed.),-  Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Having the ability to empathize with another person seems to be a good thing, even a morally good thing. If asked to choose between two worlds distinguished only in respect to the existence of empathy among humans, most of us would probably choose the one where empathy exists.


In light of those intuitions, which we assume to be widely shared, it seems to be rather surprising that within the Western philosophical tradition empathy as the focus of a sustained intellectual debate has existed only since the 18th century when moral sentimentalists like David Hume and Adam Smith argued for the centrality of empathy, or what they then called sympathy, in constituting moral agency.


Their appreciation for empathy within the moral domain has, however, not been universally shared. More recently, even philosophers sympathetic to the sentimentalist project have voiced their skepticism in this respect (Prinz 2011a and b).


 For them, empathy's positive reputation within the moral domain is highly overrated, particularly in light of the results of decade-long empirical research on the relationship between empathy and moral phenomena.



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Medical Matters: How empathy and engagement enhance the placebo effect

Medical Matters: How empathy and engagement enhance the placebo effect | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
“In a broad sense, placebo effects are improvements in patients’ symptoms that are attributable to their participation in the therapeutic encounter, with its rituals, symbols, and interactions,” they write.


In other words, as well as through sham medication, a placebo effect may occur through a process whereby the “doctor is drug”, in which empathy, an emotional engagement with the physician and the laying on of hands all play a part in ameliorating a person’s symptoms.


Muiris Houston 


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Empathy Triple Play: 3 Books on Empathy by Dr Lou and a talk radio show, A Rumor of Empathy (VoiceAmerica)

Empathy Triple Play: 3 Books on Empathy by Dr Lou and a talk radio show, A Rumor of Empathy (VoiceAmerica) | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Empathy is like oxygen for the soul (acceding to Heinz Kohut). If you are experiencing a shortness of breath, you need expanded empathy.


Consider: A Rumor of Empathy is LESS of a rumor and more of an EXPANDED reality in the community today…


Join Lou for an “on the air” discussion on Voice America Internet Talk Radio, about HOW TO EXPAND YOUR EMPATHY – Wednesday at noon (CDT): [click to hear live or replay thereafter) –  http://www.voiceamerica.com/show/2448/a-rumor-of-empathy so that empathy is less of a rumor and an expanded reality in the community.


Contact Lou at aRumorOfEmpathy@gmail.com to schedule an interview, event, or to work one-on-one on empathy. Click here to order: A Rumor of Empathy: Resistance, Narrative and Recovery in Psychotherapy

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Doctors getting empathy training

Doctors getting empathy training | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
It’s hard to teach empathy in the classroom, yet it’s one of the foundations of the doctor-patient relationship. How well physicians can put themselves in their patients’ shoes is directly linked with patient satisfaction.

“When I was in med school, no one told me how to do that,” said Dennis Novack, professor of medicine and associate dean of medical education at Drexel University College of Medicine. “You could watch your mentors, if you were lucky. Or make mistakes.”

Numerous studies have shown patients with empathetic caregivers are more likely to stick to their doctor’s treatment plan, leading to better health results. Doctors who can better understand their patients also are more satisfied with their work. And hospitals know how important patient satisfaction is to their bottom line, now that it is a factor Medicare considers in reimbursement.


by Sheena Faherty

Image http://bit.ly/dP1O76


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How to Avoid the Empathy Trap

How to Avoid the Empathy Trap | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Do you prioritize other people's feelings over your own? You might be falling into the "empathy trap."


Empathy is having its moment. The ability to feel what another person is feeling, from that person’s perspective, generates lots of press as the ultimate positive value and the pathway to a kinder, less violent world. Schools across the country are teaching empathy to children, and myriad books explore it from every possible angle: how to get it, why it makes you a better person, how its absence can breed evil.


Empathy is exalted by thinkers from Zen Buddhist monk Thích Nhâ’t Hąnh to British writer Roman Krznaric, who just launched an online Empathy Museum where you can virtually step into someone else’s shoes. Established scientists like primatologist Frans de Waal and developmental psychiatrist Daniel Siegel explore the deep roots of empathy in animals and its essential nature in humans.



By Robin SternDiana Divecha

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Teaching kids how to do chores boosts work ethic and empathy, study finds

Teaching kids how to do chores boosts work ethic and empathy, study finds | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

According to a recent study, when children do chores they learn to be more empathetic, they better understand the importance of contributing to family and are well-adjusted. But it isn't just about telling kids to do chores — it's teaching them how.


Ehen children do chores they learn to be more empathetic, they learn the importance of contributing to family and are well-adjusted, according to a recent study....


"Chores, she determined, instilled in children the importance of contributing to their families and gave them a sense of empathy as adults," wrote the Times' Kimberly Dishongh.


Mandy Morgan

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Lon Woodbury's curator insight, July 16, 6:16 PM

Isn't it ironic that the things our society discards in order to emphasize academics (arts in school, free time, chores) seem to be the very things that seem to help children grow up to be successful in both life and academics, and the things that we emphasize are the things that turn children off of school and even learning. -Lon

Jason Smith's curator insight, July 17, 6:30 PM

Teaching responsibility, sounds like homework responsibility to me.

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Arrested Empathy: Instinctual, Emotional Cognitive, and Cold Empathy - Sam Vaknin

I propose a tripartite model of empathy, roughly corresponding to Freud’s postulated id, ego, and superego. In this model, normal empathy is comprised of three components: instinctual, emotional, and cognitive.


Children develop empathy in three phases which correspond to these three components, constructing the emotional and cognitive tiers upon an instinctual firmament. In adults, cognitive empathy always goes hand in hand with the instinctual element and the emotional correlate/component.

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Empathy as a consciousness movement

Empathy as a consciousness movement | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Since that day, empathy has become my touchstone in everything I do. I have created lessons, given talks, conducted workshops, and been interviewed numerous times on the subject of empathy.


Often, when working with others on this topic, it feels as if on that early winter’s day in 1989, in that small elementary school built in the 1930’s, I was given a glimpse into my life’s work: to teach how empathy in practice brings to life one of life’s greatest lessons: To treat others the way you would like to be treated.


davida levine 2014 

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FuelEd Pilots Empathy School

FuelEd Pilots Empathy School | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
From elementary through high school, research demonstrates a relationship between empathic abilities and effective teaching. When teachers are more empathic, the positive outcomes are significant: Improved academic effort, achievement, motivation, self-esteem and empathy in students, increased likelihood of teacher intervening in a bullying situation, improved cultural sensitivity and reduced prejudice and racial bias, more productive and satisfying school relationships, and more likely to hold a positive perception of school culture.  When school leaders, as managers are more empathy, their staff is healthier, happier, and perceives them as more effective leaders.


Clearly, empathy is a skill that every educator should have in their toolbox, yet unfortunately, educators are not formally taught how to communicate empathically.


 That is why on March 10th, 2015 FuelEd will be launching Empathy School, or “E-School.”  E-School, a 6-hour in-person workshop by FuelEd where educators learn the communication skill of empathy, is designed to fill this gap in educator preparation by training educators in a key relationship skill that will drive student outcomes and positive school culture.

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Rob Duke's curator insight, July 24, 12:48 AM

Great graphics on this one.

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What makes kids aggressive later in life?

What makes kids aggressive later in life? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Collectively, the researchers are interested in how these early physiological and temperament profiles might be interacting with empathy, emotion regulation and social-information processing to produce later aggression....


For instance, some children may not experience empathy. They might have perspective-taking challenges that don’t allow them to see themselves in a victim’s position, according to Ostrov.


“Children on the proactive pathway may be fearless and lack empathy,”


he says. “It’s possible they don’t feel bad about their behavior or they may not understand how their behavior is leading to harm.


By BERT GAMBINI

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Somewhere Between Empathy and Apathy

Somewhere Between Empathy and Apathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

We can likely recognize that the acute emotional pain of empathizing with every sorrow and tragedy - a seemingly infinite collection of agonies - would mean inevitable implosion or collapse.


We would be rendered catatonic; we're not built to bear such anguish. As some people's stories demonstrate, the plight of one life can be burden enough on its own.


Corinda Lubin-Katz

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Taylor Swift or jazz? What your favorite music reveals about you

Taylor Swift or jazz? What your favorite music reveals about you | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

new study by a group of British psychologists at the University of Cambridge sheds some light on the subject, finding that music listeners usually fall into one of two camps: those who are empathizers, or those who are systemizers.


If you like Taylor Swift's music, does that mean you are an empathizer? People with high scores in empathy prefer mellower music such as softer rock, country, folk and less complex forms of jazz and electronic music


Gina Vivinetto
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Empathy training for doctors

Empathy training for doctors | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

It’s hard to teach empathy in the classroom, yet it’s one of the foundations of the doctor-patient relationship. How well physicians can put themselves in their patients’ shoes is directly linked with patient satisfaction.

“When I was in med school, no one told me how to do that,” said Dennis Novack, professor of medicine and associate dean of medical education at Drexel University College of Medicine. “You could watch your mentors, if you were lucky. Or make mistakes.”

Numerous studies have shown patients with empathetic caregivers are more likely to stick to their doctor’s treatment plan, leading to better health results.

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The Role of Empathy in Medicine: A Medical Student's Perspective

The Role of Empathy in Medicine: A Medical Student's Perspective | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

by Elliot M. Hirsch, MD
Throughout medical school, my instructors stressed the importance of empathy, generally defined as the understanding of and identification with another person's emotional state. Sympathy and empathy, commonly confused with each other, are not the same. Sympathy is a statement of emotional concern while empathy is a reflection of emotional understanding.


The applications of empathy are widespread, and are especially relevant in fields such as medicine, where the successful treatment of patients depends on effective patient-physician interactions.


This article explores the concept of empathy and examines its utility in medicine from the perspective of a medical student.

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Sophia Nguyen's curator insight, July 29, 5:51 AM

Not only was this interesting to read from a medical school student's perspective, it was also interesting to read that empathy is something that has to be taught. It's not only good to be knowledgeable, it's also good to be able to empathize and have compassion with patients.

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Compassion Conferences in 2015

Compassion Conferences in 2015 | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Compassionate Wellbeing's first conference will explore the relationship between spirituality and wellbeing. Featuring a fresh range of contemporary academic research alongside personal and practitioner accounts, this conference seeks to illuminate how spiritual experience and practise can facilitate healing and enhance wellbeing.


Panels featured will look at mindfulness, meditation and compassion practise; extraordinary experiences; life difficulties and spiritual experience; religious experience and ritual; and spiritual life journeys and transformative experience....


Keynote Speakers

  • Karen Armstrong – Author, TED prize winner
  • Ruth Padel – Poet and Author, Great-great-granddaughter of Charles Darwin


Speakers and Workshop Leads

  • John Ballatt and Penny Campling – Authors “Intelligent Kindness”
  • Keith Barrow – Leader, Shropshire Council
  • Joan Brown-Campbell – Chair, Charter for Compassion, USA
  • Clare Gerada – Past-Chair, Royal College of General Practice
  • Paul Gilbert – Professor of Clinical Psychology, University of Derby 
  • Mohamed Keshavjee – Scholar and Author
  • Tori McClure – President, Spalding University, USA
  • Mervyn Morris – Professor, Community Mental Health, Birmingham City University
  • Patrick Pietroni – Director, CPTPC University of Chester
  • Rod Thomson – Public Health Director, Shropshire
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Resistance to Empathy - the Presentation - at the Intl' Psychoanalytic Assoc., Boston

Resistance to Empathy - the Presentation - at the Intl' Psychoanalytic Assoc., Boston | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Resistance to empathy takes many forms. Resistance to empathy includes those factors coming from the therapist, those from the patient, including those emerging in the interaction, and those from the culture at large.


Although “the culture” is distinct from “the system delivering mental health services” and differentfrom Racker’s “countertransference to the psychoanalytic organization,” especially by thosein training (Racker 1968), for purposes of this discussion, the three are considered together.


They are ideal types and mixed cases are frequent. This article engages the details of resistances to empathy. Clinical cases exemplifying empathic narratives, as one patient expresses it, of the “Freud [sic, fraud] of psychiatric diagnosis”and related are explored.

Empathy and Its Inauthenticities.


BY LOU AGOSTA

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Empathy and social skills: Everyone Should Be Required to See "Inside Out"

Empathy and social skills: Everyone Should Be Required to See "Inside Out" | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

 For example, Joy slowly recognized the power of empathy and Sadness' role in that regard.


Empathy involves understanding another person's situation from their perspective. As such, you must be able to place yourself in someone else's shoes and feel what they are feeling and without judging them. According to Dr. Brene Brown, Ph.D., LMSW, "empathy moves us to a place of courage and compassion. Through it, we come to realize that our perspective is not the perspective."


"Empathy is what makes us human" and yet it is in such limited supply these days, as are other aspects of emotional intelligence (EQ). Social and emotional skills such as empathy are also essential to conflict resolution. According to Daniel Goleman, emotional intelligence consists of self-awareness, managing emotions, empathy and social skills. The good news is that "emotional intelligence competencies are learned - and can be improved at any point in life."


"Inside Out" touched upon the fact that people are constantly judging us for everything we do and say and how we react to being judged. It should be noted that empathy is incompatible with shame and judgment.


Mark Baer


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Edwin Rutsch's comment, July 17, 12:21 AM
Mark, it was very well received on our Facebook page ! https://www.facebook.com/EmpathyCenter
Mark Brian Baer's comment, July 17, 12:27 AM
I saw :-)
Annie M Herbert's curator insight, July 17, 9:18 AM

Fantastic movie. Share with Julie.

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The science of empathy—and why some people have it less than others

The science of empathy—and why some people have it less than others | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy is hot in business wisdom these days: Forbes says it’sinvaluable, Apple’s training manual offers empathy exercises, and Virgin Group founder Richard Branson calls caring “key.”


Corporate empathy is not an oxymoron,” concluded an article in theHarvard Business Review on January 8. “It is a hard skill that should be required from the board-room to the shop floor...”

We know empathy can be taught and that committed leaders can create a more empathetic and compassionate corporate culture. Empathy is the oil that keeps relationships flowing smoothly. It creates bonds of trust, which result in higher-quality teamwork.


Numerous studies link empathy to better business results. We believe it is important to continue to inculcate empathy and compassion at work.


WRITTEN BY
Loran Nordgren 
Associate professor, Northwestern University
Rachel Ruttan
PhD candidate, Northwestern University
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