Empathy and Compassion
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Compassion as a Moral Force

Compassion as a Moral Force | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The more frequently any of us feels compassion in our daily lives, the more it prevents escalations of violence as a method to deal with the immoral actions of others. Of most import, it doesn't even matter toward whom we feel that compassion...

 

The compassion we feel for one inhibits our aggression toward others. It's not that it makes us suckers willing to accept being cheated; it just makes us work to address transgressions through nonviolent means. The upshot is clear: The more frequently any of us feels compassion in our daily lives, the more it prevents escalations of violence as a method to deal with the immoral actions of others. Of most import, it doesn't even matter toward whom we feel that compassion. As we've seen, it will generalize to anyone. What matters is that we try to cultivate it daily, and in so doing, build resilient relationships and societies.


David DeSteno
Northeastern University professor and author, "The Truth About Trust"


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Empathy and Compassion
The Empathy Movement Magazine: The latest news about empathy and compassion from around the world - CultureOfEmpathy.com
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Empathy Movement Magazine

Empathy Movement Magazine | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Sponsored by Edwin Rutsch Empathy Guide Services
Visit  http://cultureofempathy.com/Services/

These one-to-one empathy sessions support; well-being, healing, practicing to be a better listener and supporting you in creating empathic environments in your relationships, family, school, work, communities and beyond.


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Edwin Rutsch, Editor

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Brenda Robinson's curator insight, May 13, 2015 9:52 PM

Hon. Liz Sandals: Introduce a new course called "COMPASSION" for Grade 1 and Grade 12. https://www.change.org/p/hon-liz-sandals-introduce-a-new-course-called-compassion-for-grade-1-and-grade-12

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Bridging Empathy Walls: Arlie Russell Hochschild

Bridging Empathy Walls: Arlie Russell Hochschild | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Bridging Empathy Walls 
My new interview with Arlie Hochschild, author of: Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right.

Publisher's Weekly notes: 

"After evaluating her conclusions and meeting her informants in these pages, it's hard to disagree that empathy is the best solution to stymied political and social discourse."

Take action and join us on the Empathy Tent Team http://EmpathyTent.com

"An empathy wall is an obstacle to deep understanding of another person, one that can make us feel indifferent or even hostile to those who hold different beliefs or whose childhood is rooted in different circumstances."

"We, on both sides, wrongly imagine that empathy with the "other" side brings an end to clearheaded analysis when, in truth, it's on the other side of that bridge that the most important analysis can begin."

"We are all the surveyors, drafters, and followers of "empathy maps" - which show us whom and whom not to empathize with. Just as political maps can be drawn and redrawn, so too can empathy maps - depending on the interplay of gender, race, class, and nationality.

"But is it possible, without changing our beliefs, to know others from the inside, to see reality through their eyes, to understand the links between life, feeling, and politics: that is: to cross the empathy wall."
http://j.mp/2rzGyNG

#Empathy

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Audio: Slate’s Parenting Podcast Asks: Can You Teach Empathy to a 2-Year-Old?

Audio: Slate’s Parenting Podcast Asks: Can You Teach Empathy to a 2-Year-Old? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Listen to Slate’s parenting podcast discuss how young is too young to teach empathy, and what to do about a boy who dominates his little brother.

By Rebecca Lavoie, Steve Lickteig, and Gabriel Roth
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Mindfulness classes make narcissists even worse, claims study

Mindfulness classes make narcissists even worse, claims study | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Developing empathy is a central tenet of mindfulness training, with classes expected to encourage young people to share with each other, help others in need, and learn how to console those going through anguish. People who learn these skills are “mindfully aware,” and should become more robust at maintaining their own state of calm.

But according to a new study from the University of Amsterdam, mindfulness’s fostering that sense of empathy might not be as effective as once thought – and worse still, might even be creating a generation of narcissistic monsters.
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Empathy: The antidote to shame

Empathy: The antidote to shame | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Shame is the recognition and experiencing of oneself as an object of extreme (usually negative) judgement or criticism in the real or imagined world. Infants and non-human animals may experience ‘proto-shame’ or a precursor to shame; however, shame requires sustained self-awareness and higher order consciousness in order to reflect on our symbolic self.

Parents can use this to socialise children, for example, to teach them that harming another is not acceptable; here a happy or neutral feeling, curiosity or activity is replaced by a stern voice, frown or even time out, accompanied by the uncomfortable internal experience. Feelings associated with their behaviour leads to guilt - feeling bad about what you did, having empathy for the other and a willingness to apologise or repair the situation.
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Too much empathy can be harmful for the empathizer

Too much empathy can be harmful for the empathizer | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
When a close friend shares bad news, our instinct is to help. But putting ourselves in a friend’s shoes, imagining how we would feel if we were the one suffering, may have detrimental effects on our own health, according to a new study led by the University of Pennsylvania’s Anneke E. K. Buffone. She is the lead research scientist of the World Well-Being Project in the School of Arts & Sciences’ Positive Psychology Center.

The research, published in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, finds that our bodies respond differently depending on the perspective we take when helping someone who is suffering. Stepping into the perspective of the suffering person leads to a health-threatening physiological response, while reflecting on how the suffering person might feel leads to a health-promoting response.
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At Phi Beta Kappa ceremony, a call to empathy

At Phi Beta Kappa ceremony, a call to empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
In her speech, titled “How Technology Makes Us Forget What We Know About Life,” the social scientist and author of “Reclaiming Conversation” implored students to learn from her mistake — to slow down, embrace solitude, and, most important, to not shy from the hard work true empathy demands.

“My message today goes beyond a generational challenge to do better than we did — to recognize what is difficult and call it what it is. It extends to a challenge we all face together, every day. We all have to live in our technological world, but remember what we know about life. Life teaches that presence matters. People respond to commitment and deliberateness. When you put away your phone to have a conversation, that’s the decision that counts: People care about your offer of attention.

 

Empathy is built on such little gestures, the ones that communicate that you don’t know what someone else has to say but that you want to learn.”

 

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Ivon Prefontaine, PhD's curator insight, May 25, 1:20 PM
I have heard Sherry Turkle present twice. Her message is an important one in today's world wtih digital tools and social media at our finger tips. Being present and mindful of others is the first essential step in reclaiming conversation and empathy. As she noted, empathy is hard work.

For teachers, the hard work begins with recalling we were once students who wanted our voices heard and to be listened to. This is not something that can be done via social media and digital tools.
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Two types of empathy elicit different health effects, psychologist shows

Two types of empathy elicit different health effects, psychologist shows | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The research, published in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, finds that our bodies respond differently depending on the perspective we take when helping someone who is suffering. Stepping into the perspective of the suffering person leads to a health-threatening physiological response, while reflecting on how the suffering person might feel leads to a health-promoting response.

 

"This is the first time we have physical evidence that putting yourself in someone else's shoes is potentially harmful," said Buffone.

 

Buffone collaborated on the work with Michael Poulin, Shane DeLury, Lauren Ministero and Carrie Morrisson of the State University of New York at Buffalo and with Matt Scalco at Brown University.

 

 

Don't walk in her shoes! Different forms of perspective taking affect stress physiology


Anneke E.K. Buffone
Michael Poulin
Shane DeLury
Lauren Ministero
Carrie Morrisson
Matt Scalco

"Helping behavior predicts both positive and negative outcomes for helpers' health and well-being. One reason for this may be that helpers can engage in different kinds of perspective taking, which in turn have different effects on well-being.

 

Imaging oneself in a suffering other's place, or

imagine-self perspective taking (ISPT),

has been shown to lead to greater levels of personal distress than merely thinking about the other's feelings, or

imagine-other perspective taking (IOPT)."

 

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Turning to Self-Compassion in Difficult Times

Turning to Self-Compassion in Difficult Times | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Two weeks ago, I had the joy of sharing my recent trip to our son’s wedding, which was made possible by the generosity of others. During my trip to Houston, I met with a friend of mine who is also a counselor, Jennifer Christian. She interviewed me for her podcast about being compassionate with ourselves as we go through difficult times. As pulmonary fibrosis patients, we sure know about going through tough times!

Jennifer asked me to share how I developed PF and how my life has changed, and about my commitment to being a good friend to myself as I walk this difficult journey. You can listen to part one of the podcast here.

Learning about self-compassion

 

by Kim Fredrickson

 

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Empathy is for the long haul – think about it

Empathy is for the long haul – think about it | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Empathy sways us towards the needs of the one rather than the many

Empathy – the act of feeling what you believe other people feel – may cloud our moral reasoning.

One of the many appealing aspects of practising medicine is the constant impulse to challenge simplistic thinking around widely held tenets. A classic example is the hugely important school of anti-psychiatry, where pioneers such as Thomas Szasz and RD Laing forced a rethink on the degree to which psychiatric diagnoses represent social constructs.


While few would support their radical platform as the main basis for providing support and help for those with psychiatric illness, their analysis allowed for a fuller understanding of how we practice and the need to consider carefully the language and terms h we use. Indeed, Szasz pointed, in particular, to the power of the language and definition, noting that the one who defines dominates, and the one who is defined is subjugated.

 

Des O'Neill

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Hacking Empathy: Demystifying the Most Powerful Skill for Future Design Leaders

Hacking Empathy: Demystifying the Most Powerful Skill for Future Design Leaders

Thursday, May 25, 2017, 7:00 PM

ZGC Innovation Center @Silicon Valley
4500 Great America Parkway Santa Clara, CA

69 Igniters Attending

Early Bird $10 Learn about Empathy & The Future of Creative Leadership How human beings create new products and experiences is changing breathtakingly fast.  Startups and designers have more resources at their fingertips than ever before.  Bringing new ideas to the masses requires an evolving tool kit that enables creative leaders to connect and le...

Check out this Meetup →

Learn about Empathy & The Future of Creative Leadership

How human beings create new products and experiences is changing breathtakingly fast.  Startups and designers have more resources at their fingertips than ever before.  Bringing new ideas to the masses requires an evolving tool kit that enables creative leaders to connect and lead people from disparate backgrounds and all walks of life. 

 

At the heart of this emerging skill set lies a controversial, underestimated, and often times misunderstood ability: empathy.  Please join Greg as he mixes some of the most outlandish stories of working with designers and startups for 17 years with the unfiltered instructions on how to successfully integrate empathy into your life, work, and company.

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Nuances of Empathy and Self-Care

Nuances of Empathy and Self-Care | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Among my sex ed colleagues doing work on empathy, Kate McCombs consistently does amazing work. Here are some of my favorite insights she's shared recently.

 

McCombs makes the following points:

  • Feeling what someone else is feeling (empathic contagion) is not the same thing as being curious about and nonjudgmentally engaged with someone else’s emotions (empathic concern). McCombs classifies empathic concern as a teachable human communication skill, whereas empathy contagion just kinda happens, and can feel different ways and have different impacts, both positive and negative depending on the situation.
  • Your experiences are valid, but that doesn’t mean they’re universal. Similar situations can resonate with people in remarkably different ways.
  • Engaging empathetically is a form of emotional labor. As such, it’s ridiculous to expect anyone to respond with 100% empathy 100% of the time.
  • Empathy is most sustainable when we practice self-care and respect our own boundaries and those of others.

 

May 22, 2017 

by Jeana Jorgensen 

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Are You an Empathic Narcissist? 

Are You an Empathic Narcissist?  | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Finally, this article was written in the interests of self-exploration and self-growth, not as an actual medical diagnosis. Fortunately most empaths are empathetic, but if you suspect that you may harbor any borderline or obvious traits, you’re free to keep reading.

10 SIGNS YOU’RE AN EMPATHIC NARCISSIST

For most of my life I strongly believed that I was a kind, patient, caring and empathetic person. This idealized self-image I had created for myself only served to mask the real truth of who I was: that of a self-centered wounded egomaniac who couldn’t truly empathize with others. Don’t worry, I’m not “dissing” myself – it’s the truth! And you know, sometimes I still can be self-centered, but I have improved a great deal since then. By the way, this breakthrough from unempathetic empath to empathetic empath was greatly assisted by Sol who shook me up and put the mirror of Clarity right in front of me.
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When Self-Compassion Becomes Self-Abuse 

When Self-Compassion Becomes Self-Abuse  | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
It might have occurred to you by now that the sorts of emotions described by Neff and other pioneers of self-compassion are not exactly universal. Listening to hours of these talks, and reading hundreds of pages of journal articles and books about self-compassion,

 

I sometimes found myself wondering whether any of these people has ever talked to the checkout lady at Walmart (assuming they've been to their local Walmart or live within 20 minutes of one).

 

Most Americans don't have time for existential crises occasioned by a loss of faith in karma, as Neff tells us she experienced towards the end of her Ph.D. at Berkeley, just before her divorce from a man who was "extremely skeptical" of her commitment to various New Age practices. Indeed, many of us outside Silicon Valley can't "Put this card down and do something kind" for ourselves because we are too broke. 

 

Matthew Walther 

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Hard Feelings: Empathy in Engaging Armed Groups | Center for Empathy in International Affairs

Hard Feelings: Empathy in Engaging Armed Groups | Center for Empathy in International Affairs | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Constructive dialogue with non-state armed groups is hugely important – to prevent, mitigate or resolve violent conflict. But it is equally challenging and variable in terms of the context, actors involved, purpose of such dialogue, and the means by which it is achieved.

 

On 15 March 2017, Conciliation Resources and the Center for Empathy in International Affairs hosted a roundtable discussion involving 21 mediators, peacebuilders and experts to consider the role that empathy can play in helping to establish and sustain dialogue with non-state armed groups.

Our new briefing paper, Hard Feelings, published jointly with Conciliation Resources, summarises key insights from that discussion.

Roundtable participants included individuals from or affiliated with a range of institutions, including Conciliation Resources, the Center for Empathy in International Affairs, Chatham House, Concordis International, the Rift Valley Institute, Saferworld, the University of Kent, the University of Edinburgh, and the U.K. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. To read the full briefing paper click here.

 http://www.centerforempathy.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/CEIA-CR-Hard-Feelings.pdf

 

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Are Readers More Empathetic?  

Are Readers More Empathetic?   | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Rose Turner, a postgraduate research student at Kingston University London, presented her findings to the British Psychological Society, and soon discovered that her research was appearing in headlines around the world as people were fascinated by the psychological dimensions of reading.

“The interest in the study has been a very pleasant surprise, and it has been great to see that it has generated such a buzz,” said Turner.

“Reading is a universal pastime and we regularly hear about parents being encouraged to read to their children from a young age to help introduce them to language and develop their vocabulary.

 

This study demonstrates that the different ways that people engage with fiction can impact their emotional intelligence and empathic behaviors.”

 

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Yawning: An unsolved mystery

Yawning: An unsolved mystery | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Yawn contagion and primal empathy
Bonobos "catch" yawns more easily from those they are closest to.


One of the most interesting things about yawns are their contagious prowess. As you read this article, many of you will be yawning as a result of simply thinking about it.

According to Robert R. Provine, the most prolific yawn researcher, he himself has become a "yawn stimuli." Because his friends are all aware of his work, he simply has to enter a room and people begin to yawn.

Human-to-human yawn infection

 

24 May 2017
 
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(Empathic Design) Building Empathy with Personas: A Case Study

(Empathic Design) Building Empathy with Personas: A Case Study | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
The process of creating a persona helps to build empathy for the real people that are going to use the final product.


When we plan, design and build digital products, we often get in the mindset of “how would I accomplish a particular task.” What is forgotten, is that as experts in the web design field, we aren’t the typical user. We are a power user. When we participate in activities that help us think about the product from another’s perspective, we can start to see the flaws in our design.

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Empathy is a MUST for success. Empathy vs sympathy can make or break business negotiations & personal relationship. 

Empathy is a MUST for success. Empathy vs sympathy can make or break business negotiations & personal relationship.  | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Parenting with empathy vs sympathy. David Nayer shares Marshall Rosenberg's nonviolent communication work with Emily K. Gaudreau
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Nigerian Institute of Chartered Arbitrators's curator insight, May 25, 5:17 AM

Empathy is a MUST for success. Empathy vs sympathy can make or break business negotiations & personal relationship. 

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(Empathic Design) The Unrealized Dream: Empathy & The Future Creative Leadership 

Tech in Motion Silicon Valley presents Greg Aper, Director of Business Development & Industrial Designer at Whipsaw, presenting his talk on "The Unrealized Dream: Empathy & The Future of Creative Leadership."

 

Greg infuses his work along with pop culture references to demonstrate why empathy is so valuable to the future of creative leadership.

 

 

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Helping Your Child with Special Needs Develop Empathy

Helping Your Child with Special Needs Develop Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Instilling Empathy
So if empathy is so important, how can we instill that quality in our children? Whether your child has special needs or is more typically developing, there are some simple things you can do to encourage empathy. Here are a few ideas:
Talk about feelings.


When conflicts arise with friends or family members, encourage your child to step back from how he or she is feeling to consider how the other person feels, You can ask how your child feels, but then ask, “How do you think Jake feels when you hit him, or when you won’t let him use your basketball? How would you feel in his shoes?” Help your child understand the “golden rule” of treating others in the way he or she would want to be treated.

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Did You Know Breathing Deeply Can Boost Your Empathy?  

Did You Know Breathing Deeply Can Boost Your Empathy?   | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Want to efficiently put yourself in someone else’s shoes? Try taking a deep breath.

That’s because this new study has found that people who are better at being more physically aware of themselves through meditation or mindfulness are more empathetic and understanding of others

 

According to these researchers from the Department of Psychology at Cambridge University, the process of breathing deeply and bringing awareness to the body is called a “state of interoception”. Their published study shows that people who induce interoceptive states are more empathetic than those who aren’t as aware of their internal functioning. 

 

by McKinley Corbley -

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(Study) From heart to mind: Linking interoception, emotion, and theory of mind

(Study) From heart to mind: Linking interoception, emotion, and theory of mind | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Theory of Mind (ToM) is traditionally characterized as the ability to represent mental states. Such a characterization leaves little room for studying individual differences in ToM – individuals either can, or cannot, represent mental states – and this binary classification cannot quantify the subtle individual differences observed in typical and atypical populations.

 

In recognition of this problem, attempts have been made to provide a more detailed characterization of the constituent psychological processes which support the representation of mental states (Happé et al., 2017 ;  Schaafsma et al., 2015), and the neurocomputational principles underpinning ToM (Koster-Hale & Saxe, 2013), in order to identify the source of individual differences.

 

Punit Shaha, 
Caroline Catmurd, 
Geoffrey Birde, 

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Wired for Story: Empathy and the New Brand Storytelling 

Wired for Story: Empathy and the New Brand Storytelling  | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Stories are deeply connected to the human experience. Skyword's Tom Gerace explains the use of storytelling and empathy in customer connection.

 

What is the power of empathy as it relates to stories?

“Empathy is the central organizing principle for my keynote talk. Story has the unique ability to help us experience life as somebody else. In fact, experience it as somebody who comes from a different background, growing up in a different part of the world with different resources or different life experiences and different culture than our own. I think because storytelling can do that, a well-told story is unique in its ability to help us step outside our own naturally self-centered view of the world and think more broadly.

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Are strong empathizers better mentalizers? Evidence for independence and interaction between the routes of social cognition 

Are strong empathizers better mentalizers? Evidence for independence and interaction between the routes of social cognition  | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Although the processes that underlie sharing others’ emotions (empathy) and understanding others’ mental states (mentalizing, Theory of Mind) have received increasing attention, it is yet unclear how they relate to each other. For instance, are people who strongly empathize with others also more proficient in mentalizing? And (how) do the neural networks supporting empathy and mentalizing interact?

 

Assessing both functions simultaneously in a large sample ( N  = 178), we show that people’s capacities to empathize and mentalize are independent, both on a behavioral and neural level. Thus, strong empathizers are not necessarily proficient mentalizers, arguing against a general capacity of social understanding. Second, we applied dynamic causal modeling to investigate how the neural networks underlying empathy and mentalizing are orchestrated in naturalistic social settings. Results reveal that in highly emotional situations, empathic sharing can inhibit mentalizing-related activity and thereby harm mentalizing performance.

 

Taken together, our findings speak against a unitary construct of social understanding and suggest flexible interplay of distinct social functions.

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People with Autism Can Read Emotions, Feel Empathy

People with Autism Can Read Emotions, Feel Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

There is a fine line between autism and alexithymia—feeling emotions but being unable to identify them

 

There is a persistent stereotype that people with autism are individuals who lack empathy and cannot understand emotion. It’s true that many people with autism don’t show emotion in ways that people without the condition would recognize.

 

But the notion that people with autism generally lack empathy and cannot recognize feelings is wrong. Holding such a view can distort our perception of these individuals and possibly delay effective treatments.

 

By Rebecca BrewerJennifer MurphySpectrum on July 13, 2016

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