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Empathy, “social evolution” and philosophy of archaeology

Empathy, “social evolution” and philosophy of archaeology | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Philosophy of archaeology has been developing as one of the most essential branches of theory. Empathy and evolution as problems of research add the discussion of searching for answer of the following question, for instance: To which extend does the material culture reflect the socio-psychological context of its development?

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Empathy and Compassion
The latest news about empathy and compassion from around the world - CultureOfEmpathy.com
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To Newspaper Front Page: All Sections

To Newspaper Front Page: All Sections | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy Cafe Magazine Front Page


Visit the individual magazines specifically for empathy and;

*   Main Page All
*   Animals
*   Art
*   Compassion

*   Compassionate Communications (NVC)

*   Curriculums
*   Education
*   Empaths

*   Empathy Quotes

*   Empathic Design - Empathy in Human-Centered Design (New!)
*   Health Care

*   Justice

*   Self-Empathy & Self-Compassion
*   Teaching - Learning
*   Work 

*   etc.


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Edwin Rutsch, Editor

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Join us on Facebook Center for Building a Culture of Empathy

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Empathy and the Poetic Imagination (Introduction and Section 1)

Empathy and the Poetic Imagination (Introduction and Section 1) | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy and the Poetic Imagination by Bruce Bond   


There are Selves who unify their expressions by their subjective force; it is only with the intensity of such subjectivity that one even sees the world of objects.  Robert Motherwell

 

....To define what empathy could be in a poem is difficult indeed, since the very act of reading or writing has some sense of voyeuristic distance built into it, and yet the tension that empathic listening gives to a poem remains critical to its power, a quality of speaking and being spoken, of going more deeply inward as if somewhere in there were the path to others.

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How Movies Trick Your Brain Into Empathizing With Characters | Science | WIRED

How Movies Trick Your Brain Into Empathizing With Characters | Science | WIRED | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Recently, her team has been investigating networks in the brain that appear to have a role in empathy.


She’s found evidence for two types of empathy, each tied to a different network of brain regions. One type she calls mental empathy, which requires you to mentally step outside yourself and think about what another person is thinking or experiencing.


The other type she calls embodied empathy; this is the more visceral in-the-moment empathy you might feel when you see someone get punched in the guts.


BY GREG MILLER  

       
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Empathic Co-Design Masterclass: the Necessity of Empathy - Cindy van den Bremen and Edwin Rutsch

Empathic Co-Design Masterclass: the Necessity of Empathy - Cindy van den Bremen and Edwin Rutsch | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Designer Cindy van den Bremen was born in 1972 in Vlissingen, a town in the south-west of the Netherlands by the Sea.


From an early age she developed a broad interest in other cultures and religions. Cindy works independent from her studio CvdBremen in Eindhoven as an Empathic Designer with an expertise in Cultural Diversity and teaches at the Technical University in her hometown at the Faculty of Industrial Design.


She gives lectures, presentations & workshops to a variety of audiences both national and internationally, both in the Dutch and English language. Cindy teaches a design workshop titled, Masterclass - the necessity of EmpathyFrom the workshop description,


"Designing is the ability to empathize with others. As the title would assume this lecture and workshop focused on empathy and the necessity of the added value of empathy in co-design processes.


How does empathy help you in
co-design projects?


How can you apply it and how can it be an inspiration in your concept development?

 

These themes were discussed and experienced in an interactive and inspiring afternoon. I realized the complexity of empathy and importance of finding a common ground. When working with a user to make sure that he or she can find their own goal and inner motivation."

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Video: How empathy in the workplace can revolutionise business

Video: How empathy in the workplace can revolutionise business | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Is this the dawn of the Empathy Era?

Business leaders discuss why they believe empathy is an essential tool in the corporate world and how it can open the door to profit, wellbeing and a happier workplace

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Turning Compassion into Action by Olivia McIvor

Turning Compassion into Action by Olivia McIvor | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

McIvor's Turning Compassion into Action urges each of us to craft engaged and meaningful lives.


She believes we must each embrace the innate wellspring of compassion within us and impact our world, one action at a time.


To actualize compassion we need to transform our pessimism into optimism; connect to the deeper purpose of our work; expand our communities to create more belonging; and be intentionally present with ourselves and others.


This book is a call to action to bring more compassion to the forefront of our lives, our work, and our world. We are all "ordinary people" -brave men and women doing heroic acts of kindness and compassion, every day in the simplest of ways.

 

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Parenting Aspergers: How can I teach empathy to my child?

Parenting Aspergers: How can I teach empathy to my child? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy is one of the hardest things to teach a child with Asperger's.  They may come off as mean and cold-hearted to someone who does not know that they have Asperger's.  The lack of empathy makes it very hard for your child to build and maintain personal relationships with others. There is help.  You can use the following to teach your child empathy:

Therapies- There are hosts of therapies that you can use to teach your child empathy.  These professionals will create a plan of action that can help your child to understand the feelings and thoughts of others and build lasting relationships with these individuals.


Occupational, and speech therapists can teach your child about empathy so that you can use these skills to practice with your child in your home.  This training is very important to your child's development. 


In addition to helping with empathy, these therapies can also help your child with possible sensory issues and language issues as well as helping the child reach his or her goals through pretend play.


Social stories - ...

Modeling and other forms of visual aids - ...

Social skills classes - ....


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Empathy makes difficult feelings much less difficult

Empathy makes difficult feelings much less difficult | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Many parents worry that giving their grumpy upset child lots of empathy may encourage them to become overly needy. 


Sometimes it can seem like this is true because your empathy initially results in an increase in the  intensity of your child’s expressions of anger, grief, disappointment or other frustrations.  Yet, this is generally indicative of the child now feeling safe enough to truly feel and show their true feelings. 


In fact, so many studies have shown that when parents are empathically responsive to their children, those same children are more likely to develop greater empathy for others as well as generally having a higher emotional intelligence and resiliency.  


When children don’t feel judged for being angry, they’re more likely to cry and seek out a comforting hug rather than hit the baby.  Children develop strong emotional resilience if they are consistently cared for when upset.


Genevieve Simperingham.

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Undergoing the Situation: Emotional dwelling is more than empathic understanding.

Undergoing the Situation: Emotional dwelling is more than empathic understanding. | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

“The person with understanding does not know and judge as one who stands apart and unaffected; but rather, as one united by a specific bond with the other, he thinks with the other and undergoes the situation with him.”—Hans-Georg Gadamer


Traditional notions of therapeutic empathy have been pervaded by the Cartesian doctrine of the isolated mind.


This doctrine bifurcates the subjective world of the person into outer and inner regions, reifies and absolutizes the resulting separation between the two, and pictures the mind as an objective entity that takes its place among other objects, a “thinking thing” that has an inside with contents and looks out on an external world from which it is essentially estranged.


Within this metaphysical vision, human beings can encounter each other only as thinking subjects, and something like empathic immersion—what psychoanalytic innovator Heinz Kohut famously called vicarious introspection—is required to bridge the ontological gap separating their isolated minds from one another.


In a post-Cartesian philosophical world, no such bridging is required, as we are all always already connected with one another in virtue of our common humanity (including our common finitude and existential vulnerability) and our co-disclosive relation to a common world.


 by Robert D. Stolorow

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Wolves Vulnerable to Contagious Yawning

Wolves Vulnerable to Contagious Yawning | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Contagious yawning in wolves give
researchers a glimpse at the
roots of empathy.


Still, these theories don’t totally explain one of the more fascinating aspects of yawning: When we see someone else yawn, our chances of yawning go way up.


The leading hypothesis among scientists, Romero says, is that this contagious yawning is related to empathy—meaning an empathetic person or animal will feel tired when he or she observes another individual looking tired.


(See “‘Contagious’ Yawning Occurs More Among Loved Ones.”)


 by Carrie Arnold

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Boost your empathy for a better career

Boost your empathy for a better career | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Step into someone's else's shoes and build a better workplace.


Empathy, the willingness and ability to step into someone else's shoes and acknowledge their view, while also being aware of their feelings and understanding their needs, is crucial to your success in the workplace.


Empathy is one of the key characteristics that underpin a cohesive team. It not only creates a more caring and supportive work environment, it also determines whether you have a group of individuals working together for their own purpose, or a team working collaboratively for a joint goal.


Furthermore, empathy also allows us to
defuse escalating situations like workplace
conflict or irate customers quickly, productively
and compassionately so it's a critical
characteristic to hav
e.

Paul Lyons

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Chris Brown's curator insight, Today, 3:20 PM

Empathy is one of the key characteristics that underpin a cohesive team. It not only creates a more caring and supportive work environment, it also determines whether you have a group of individuals working together for their own purpose, or a team working collaboratively for a joint goal.


Listen, Give your time, and be attentive.

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An Antidote to the Pathology of the Corporate State

An Antidote to the Pathology of the Corporate State | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Erosion of Empathy

Developmental psycho-pathologist Simon Baron-Cohen put forward the idea of empathy erosion, which one can use to more deeply examine various psychological types such as psychopathy and autism. We all lie somewhere from high to low on a scale, as aspects of psychopathy are to some degree in all of us. He suggests looking at how empathy deficit exists in a spectrum, and that a psychopathic condition indicates near zero empathy.

What is empathy?
Empathy allows us to deeply connect with
others at an emotional level, to imagine
and even experience another person’s pain,
joy and sadness.  


by NOZOMI HAYASE

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This is Roots of Empathy

Take 2 minutes to find out about Roots of Empathy.
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You have to be kind to be cruel: Empathy is held up as humanity’s moral salvation, but scientific study exposes its dark and dangerous

You have to be kind to be cruel: Empathy is held up as humanity’s moral salvation, but scientific study exposes its dark and dangerous | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

There is a danger in using the word too loosely," believes Lynne Cameron of the Open University, who is engaged on a three-year programme to understand the dynamics of empathy.


She refers to the rhetoric as "deceptive" and "disturbing". The difficulty is this: empathy can be defined as stepping into someone else's shoes, but have you ever tried it? Your imaginative exercise might evoke concern for the Chinese factory worker in Shenzhen.


Yet it can also provoke antipathy. What is consumer culture, if not an exercise in mass empathy, powered by the desire for the shoes of the rich and famous, because you long to wear them, too?


Empathy is morally ambivalent.


BY MARK VERNON 6 SEPTEMBER, 2010 


image http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonobo


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Unpicking the autism puzzle by linking empathy to reward | IFLScience

Unpicking the autism puzzle by linking empathy to reward | IFLScience | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy is at the heart of human social life. It allows us to respond appropriately to others’ emotions and mental states. A perceived lack of empathy is also one of the symptoms that defines autism. Understanding this is key to devising effective therapies.


While empathic behaviour takes many forms, it is worthwhile to note at least two main sets of processes that are involved in empathising. One of these processes is a bottom-up, automatic response to others’ emotions.


The classic example of this is breaking into giggles upon seeing another person giggle, without really knowing the reason why. The other is a top-down response, where we need to work out what another person must be feeling – a bit like solving a puzzle.


by Bhismadev Chakrabarti 


Culture of Empathy Builder Page: Bhismadev Chakrabarti

http://j.mp/PxJ93X 

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Yawns are contagious in WOLVES

Yawns are contagious in WOLVES | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

By ELLIE ZOLFAGHARIFARD

Scientists observed 12 wolves' behaviour for 254 hours over the course of five months. The research by the Tama Zoological Park in Tokyo, Japan, suggests that empathy among animals is a common trait.


Even though the study involved a small number of wolves, researchers said the findings offer initial evidence that contagious yawning is linked to wolves' capacity for empathy.


Perhaps empathy is present in more species
than previously thought, said lead
author Teresa Romero, a researcher from
The University of Tokyo.




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The Practice of Empathy-Based Management: George Langelett and Edwin Rutsch

The Practice of Empathy-Based Management: George Langelett and Edwin Rutsch | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

George Langelett is a professor of management and economics at South Dakota State University in Brookings. He teaches classes in management, small business management, human resource management, marketing research, and macroeconomics.


George is author of How Do I Keep My Employees Motivated? The Practice of Empathy-Based Management.

From the book description, "Every person in your organization desires to be understood and accepted. The purpose of this book is to teach you how to empathize with each of your employees, and create a better work environment. When work days become mundane, you will learn how to create a sense of connection with your employees. During stressful times, you can display empathy to calm and reassure each employee, so that they can think clearly and problem solve.

 

How Do I Keep My Employees Motivated? provides clear, specific techniques that teach you how to empathize and create an atmosphere where everyone working for you feels accepted and understood.


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Empathy

Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Empathy has long been a topic of interest to psychologists, but it has been studied in a sometimes bewildering number of ways.


In this volume, Mark Davis offers a thorough, evenhanded review of contemporary empathy research, especially work that has been carried out by social and personality psychologists.Davis’ approach is explicitly multidimensional.


He draws careful distinctions between situational and dispositional “antecedents” of empathy, cognitive and noncognitive “internal processes,” affective and nonaffective “intrapersonal outcomes,” and the “interpersonal behavioral outcomes” that follow.


Davis presents a novel organizational model to help classify and interpret previous findings. This book will be of value in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses on altruism, helping, nad moral development.

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Building Intercultural Empathy for Peace

Building Intercultural Empathy for Peace | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
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Active listening improves communication in the parent child relationship

Active listening improves communication in the parent child relationship | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Active Listening – a communication skill that can bring greater connection, cooperation, clarity and understanding to relationships


Parents are often baffled to see their child being defiant, uncooperative or becoming verbally or physically aggressive rather than talk about their feelings.   They can’t understand why their child will shut down and refuse to speak or interact when they’re clearly troubled.  Parents know how much they love their child and hope or expect that their child can trust that they can turn to their parent for comfort. 


Yet, many of the responses from parents to children when a child needs to feel heard, including very well meaning advice, inadvertently gives children the message that their feelings are not valued, cared for or understood.


Active listening is a skill that anyone can learn ...

Children listen to us more or less as well as they feel listened to....

What helps you feel seen, heard and understood? ...

Love is not enough, we need communication skills. ...

What is Active Listening?  What does it look like in a conversation?..


by Genevieve Simperingham

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Empathy: Theory and Application in Psychotherapy by Renuka Sharma

Empathy:  Theory and Application in Psychotherapy by Renuka Sharma | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy is a term much used in popular culture and professional circles. Yet it remains one of the most misunderstood tropes. Most people confuse or conflate empathy with sympathy; though related, these involve somewhat radically different affective or psychological registers.


Empathy is founded on the art of understanding a living being's particular mental state or inner condition, in respect of his/her predicament, pain, suffering, anguish, fear, grief, sorrow, frustration, and anger in certain trying circumstances.


There can even be comportment with another's joy and exhilaration. Its proper use makes possible a much deeper understanding of human communication, relation, intentionality, and action. 


As such its cognate in the Eastern or contemplative practice of compassion (karuna, metta, kripa) toward another, and also to sorge or “care” in phenomenological hermeneutics.  Thus, there are cognitive, affective and ethical components in the practice of empathy.

The importance of empathy whether in everyday life or as a clinical tool in therapeutic and palliative settings cannot be more emphasized. The book demonstrates the way in which using empathy as a means of diagnosis leads to different, more successful results and course of action. In so doing, the study challenges the erstwhile neglect and misconception of the role of empathy in transference and introspective processes availed in psychoanalysis....

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Beyond BFFs: Using Texting to Promote Empathy

Beyond BFFs: Using Texting to Promote Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Questions Answered

  1. Is it possible to “teach” empathy?
  2. Why focus on teens?
  3. Why texting (versus mobile apps, games, etc.) to promote empathy?
  4. What design principals can be used to help create a product that promotes empathy?
  5. What’s the research behind empathy-promoting technologies?

Speakers


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Wolves Feel Empathy? Yawning Study Suggests They Do

Wolves Feel Empathy? Yawning Study Suggests They Do | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Researchers looked at whether or not wolves caught yawns from each other.


On the basis of observational and experimental evidence, several authors have proposed that contagious yawn is linked to our capacity for empathy, thus presenting a powerful tool to explore the root of empathy in animal evolution," the researchers stated in their PLOS ONE tudy abstract.



============================

Despite the small sample size the results

suggest contagious yawning may relate 

to the wolves'  capacity for empathy;

 

other animals may also have the same ability

to experience empathy.

=====================



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Enhancing Virtues: Caring (part 1)

Enhancing Virtues: Caring (part 1) | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

'Empathy draws on both mammalian circuits that we share with other animals and cognitive abilities that only appear to be present in our closest relatives, the great apes and and cetaceans, and ourselves.


 As with happiness and self-control, there is strong evidence that differences in our capacity for compassion and empathy are tied to differences in the brain structures and neurochemistries that they depend on.


To feel much for others and little for ourselves, that to restrain our selfish, and to indulge our benevolent affections, constitutes the perfection of human nature; and can alone produce among mankind that harmony of sentiments and passions in which consists their whole grace and propriety.

–Adam Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments pt i, ch i (1759)


Caring Brains

  • Selection for Altruism ...
  • Emotional Empathy and Mirror Neurons...
  • Cognitive Empathy and Theory of Mind ...
  • Oxytocin  ...
  • Testosterone ...
  • Serotonin ...
  • Personality: Agreeableness ...


J. Hughes

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Introduction to Nine empathies – Empathy for empathy itself.

Introduction to Nine empathies – Empathy for empathy itself. | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

by Greg Swann

I’m writing a short book of philosophy this weekend discriminating among depths of empathy. This is how it begins: Introduction:

Introduction: Empathy unbound.

When it comes to empathy, I feel so all alone. Determinist/reductionist science is bound and determined that virtue mustbe vice. In consequence, academics have so convoluted empathy as to miss most of what it is, this in preference to extruding elaborately detailed claims about everything it isn’t.


Here is everything empathy is not: Self-sacrifice.

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A New Understanding of Compassionate Empathy

A New Understanding of Compassionate Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
A User's Guide To Compassionate Empathy


Sharing our deep feelings is the way out of the isolation of loneliness. It creates a doorway into the practice of what we call compassionat eempathy.


Compassionate empathy is the key to getting out of an irrelationship.

While empathy can be all-absorbing[consuming] and leave one totally empty and burned-out, to the point that one loses a sense of one’s own boundaries, compassionate empathy allows behaviors that allow profound feelings of connection to another person, without danger to one’s own emotional balance because the compassion applies to oneself and others. 


Empathy alone, on the other hand, can become very lopsided when compulsive caregiving is involved. Compassionate empathy is built on the skill of sharing honestly with another person. It makes isolation difficult to maintain because it undermines self-obsession.  Compassion is the antidote to compulsion.

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