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Empathy, “social evolution” and philosophy of archaeology

Empathy, “social evolution” and philosophy of archaeology | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Philosophy of archaeology has been developing as one of the most essential branches of theory. Empathy and evolution as problems of research add the discussion of searching for answer of the following question, for instance: To which extend does the material culture reflect the socio-psychological context of its development?

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Empathy and Compassion
The latest news about empathy and compassion from around the world - CultureOfEmpathy.com
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To Newspaper Front Page: All Sections

To Newspaper Front Page: All Sections | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy Cafe Magazine Front Page


Visit the individual magazines specifically for empathy and;

*   Main Page All
*   Animals
*   Art
*   Compassion

*   Compassionate Communications (NVC)

*   Curriculums
*   Education
*   Empaths

*   Empathy Quotes

*   Empathic Design - Empathy in Human-Centered Design (New!)
*   Health Care

*   Justice

*   Self-Empathy & Self-Compassion
*   Teaching - Learning
*   Work 

*   etc.


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Packard Foundation, Ashoka Changemakers award empathy grants

Packard Foundation, Ashoka Changemakers award empathy grants | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
The Los Altos-based David and Lucile Packard Foundation and Ashoka Changemakers Oct. 23 named the six winners of the online grant competition they co-sponored, Building Vibrant Communities: Activating Empathy to Create Change.

The organizations announced the winners at the Packard Foundation’s 50th Anniversary Open House, during which winners and finalists shared their ideas with several hundred attendees.


“So much exciting work to foster empathy is happening in our five-county region and neighboring communities,” said Carol Larson, president and CEO of the Packard Foundation. “We are particularly encouraged by the six winning organizations that are actively cultivating empathy skills. 

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Five Ways to Teach Your Students Empathy

Five Ways to Teach Your Students Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

As teachers, we strive to push each of our students to his/her full potential. We have the responsibility to educate each student academically, emotionally, and socially. In my classroom, the single most important thing I can teach my students is empathy.


If my students are able to understand the thoughts, feelings, and needs of others, they will be able to interact in a selfless manner. This will also help them to avoid physical and unpleasant conflict. ...


1. Use Reading Standards that focus on character to teach empathy. ..


2. Allow your students to share their personal stories from the beginning of the school year....


3. When there is a conflict, have a plan for solution driven conversations...


4. As a class, take the time to focus on one feeling at a time... 


5. Accept each student for who he or she is, as an individual. ..


 by Christina Berry 

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Why Your Brain Loves Good Storytelling

Why Your Brain Loves Good Storytelling | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Many business people have already discovered the power of storytelling in a practical sense – they have observed how compelling a well-constructed narrative can be. But recent scientific work is putting a much finer point on just how stories change our attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.


As social creatures, we depend on others for our survival and happiness. A decade ago, my lab discovered that a neurochemical called oxytocin is a key “it’s safe to approach others” signal in the brain. Oxytocin is produced when we are trusted or shown a kindness, and it motivates cooperation with others. It does this by enhancing the sense of empathy, our ability to experience others’ emotions.


Empathy is important for social creatures because it allows us to understand how others are likely to react to a situation, including those with whom we work.


by Paul J. Zak 


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Empathic parenting and the fear of tears

Empathic parenting and the fear of tears | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

There are many pages on the web talking about empathic parenting, and whether my definition of the term matches up with theirs is beyond my scope of giving a crap. When I personally use this expression, it is a ‘what it says on the tin’ job. Parenting with empathy; that is all. I believe that can manifest itself in many different forms. No two empathic parents will necessarily look or behave the same.


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As I move forward into my next parenting chapter I find myself reflecting on my fear of tears and wondering what other empathic parents’ experiences are with this. How do you balance your own emotional needs as a parent with those of your child?


How do you come to terms with your child’s cries when you can feel how much pain they are in at that moment in time? Or how do you avoid it and cope? How does empathic parenting work in your household, in your family? 


TIGER MAMA

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Parenting styles and techniques...it's a minefield out there!

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Building Empathy in Healthcare

Building Empathy in Healthcare | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
A Q&A with Dr. Helen Riess of Harvard Medical School about her efforts to spread empathy among health care workers.


Communication in the doctor’s office is a hot topic right now. As a review by Health Affairs notes, “the quality of physician-patient interactions in primary care has been declining.”


On the positive side, effective communication is a powerful—albeit underutilized—instrument in healthcare’s toolbox. It’s associated with higher patient satisfaction, better adherence to medications, lower likelihood of mistakes, and fewer malpractice cases. It even affects patient health outcomes; a review of research concluded that effective physician-patient communication improves patients’ emotional health, symptoms, physiologic responses, and pain levels.


In particular, empathy is a critical component of communication that has attracted increasing attention in recent years. Empathy in a clinical context is the physician’s ability to understand patients’ emotions, which can facilitate more accurate diagnoses and more caring treatment.


This differs from sympathy, or sharing patients’ emotions, which instead can hinder objective diagnoses and effective treatment.


By Kasley Killam 

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The Dalai Lama at UBC: The importance of kindness, empathy and compassion

The Dalai Lama at UBC: The importance of kindness, empathy and compassion | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

By: Veronika Bondarenko


The Dalai Lama’s speech on the importance of exercising kindness and compassion moved crowds of passionate students, faculty and Vancouverites.


During his time in Vancouver, His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama spoke to students at John Oliver Secondary School and participated in a Heart-Mind Summit at the Vancouver Convention Centre on October 21.


He also led a panel discussion on the need to cultivate empathy and compassionate behaviour in young children to an audience of UBC students on October 22.

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Photography and the Feelings of Others: From Mirroring Emotions to the Theory of Mind

Photography and the Feelings of Others: From Mirroring Emotions to the Theory of Mind | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Photography is powerful because we can place ourselves into the perspective of those we see in an image. Whether it’s street photography, photojournalism or portraiture, we use photography to understand ourselves in relation to people around us....


Imitation is automatic and a basic requirement for developing practical social skills, like empathy. When we see the expression of other peoples faces there is an unconscious activation of the same muscles.


For example, when someone is sad and frowns you too will active frown muscles and feel similarly to the person you’re looking at, granted to a lesser extent. If you were to prevent the activation of the frown muscles then your ability to perceive sadness would diminish.


 by Joshua Sarinana

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Building a World on Empathy by Payam Akhavan PhD

Payam Akhavan is Professor of International Law at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, and Visiting Fellow at Oxford University, UK. He was previously a UN prosecutor at The Hague and also appeared in leading cases before the International Court of Justice and International Criminal Court.


He is founder of the Iran Human Rights Documentation Centre and is a noted figure in the human rights world. His work has been featured by The New York Times and BBC and he was selected in 2005 as a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum.


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SERVANT Leaders are Empathetic

SERVANT Leaders are Empathetic | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
The second principle in the SERVANT Leadership acronym is Empathetic. In order to lead people, you need to know what it feels like to walk a mile in their shoes.


Even if you’ve never been in their position, you must have the empathy to perceive their circumstances, from their point of view.

Leaders who lose the ability to empathize lose the ability to lead.

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Compassion Week Cultivates Empathy and Compassion in All Areas of Life at Parliament of the World's Religions

Compassion Week Cultivates Empathy and Compassion in All Areas of Life at Parliament of the World's Religions | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Compassion Week is a joint initiative of the Tenzin Gyatso Institute, Stanford University’s CCARE, The Charter for Compassion, and Dignity Health, and it coming to San Francisco in a few weeks time.


It will include 5 days of events featuring conferences on The Science of Compassion and Compassion and Healthcare, and will a feature an all day event highlighting The Charter for Compassion.


Compassion Week brings together doctors, civic leaders, scholars, mindfulness practitioners, and society at large to address how holistically and economically practical an investment practicing compassion can be in all institutions and areas of living.

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Babies' Disinterest In Faces, Preference For Objects, May Indicate Lack Of Empathy Later

Babies' Disinterest In Faces, Preference For Objects, May Indicate Lack Of Empathy Later | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

A baby’s preference to stare at an object, instead of a person's face, may predict a lack of guilt and empathy as well as difficulties understanding emotions during toddlerhood. 


It is known that the deepest, most primitive parts of our minds process faces. It is also known that typically developing babies become sensitive to another person’s face and eyes almost immediately after birth.


In a new study, scientists find a baby’s preference to stare at an object, instead of a person's face, may predict a lack of guilt and empathy as well as difficulties understanding emotions during toddlerhood.


While a mother's warmth and attention might positively influence her child's later behavior, this may be true only of girl babies and not boys.


By Susan Scutti

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Raising Compassionate Kids, Rethinking Compassion for Adults

Raising Compassionate Kids, Rethinking Compassion for Adults | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

That which is hateful to you, do not do to your neighbor. That is the Torah. The rest is commentary. Rabbi Hillel

The Golden Rule has been around a while. Some think it was first taught by Confucius. Yet, according to religious scholar and worldwide compassion ambassador Karen Armstrong, this core idea, that you must not do to others what you would not want done to you, is at the heart of all religions. And she thinks this unifying thread is the secret to saving our world, if only we'd remember to follow it. Of course, we want to raise compassionate kids, and there are tips and resources below. But we also must consider how we, the adults, are doing.


Are we compassionate only to our children, house plants and those who pay us well or smile back at us at the customer service counter?


Is compassion bigger than this?


Are we compassionate with our investments?


Compassionate shoppers?


Is compassion something people must earn from us?


It's easy to get teary-eyed over pictures of starving children, but what about angry inmates?

What will it take for compassion to change the world?


by Andrew Andestic 

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Right Listening by Mark Brady, Ph.D.

Right Listening by Mark Brady, Ph.D. | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Provider: Mark Brady, Ph.D.
Product: A downloadable version of the book Right Listening
Description: A short book that evolved from teaching listening skills to aspiring clinical psychologists for more than a dozen years. The book offers 52 specific skills and awareness exercises that will help you take on skillful listening as a contemplative practice.
Website


"When I ask you to listen and you start giving advice, you have not done what I have asked. When I ask you to listen and you start telling me why I shouldn't feel the way I do, you are invalidating my feelings. When I ask you to listen and you start trying to solve my problems, I feel underestimated and disempowered.


When I ask you to listen and you start telling me what I need to do, I feel offended, pressured and controlled. When I ask you to listen, it does not mean I am helpless. I may be faltering, depressed or discouraged, but I am not helpless. When I ask you to listen and you do things that I can and need to do for myself, you hurt my self-esteem.


But when you accept the way I feel, then I don't need to spend time and energy trying to defend myself or convince you, and I can focus on figuring out why I feel the way I feel and what to do about it. And when I do that, I don't need advice, just support, trust and encouragement. Please remember that what you think are irrational feelings always makes sense if you take the time to listen and understand me."


~ An adolescent's plea to adults, from the book, "Right Listening," by Mark Brady


image Mary Cassatt, 1902, Reine Lefebre and Margot before a Window
http://j.mp/1tPjFnm

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How Stress Disables Empathy in Students - Tim Elmore

How Stress Disables Empathy in Students - Tim Elmore | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Growing Empathy in Students:


  1. Help them drop activities if the day is too crowded. Focus on executing what’s most important, and don’t sweat the small stuff
  2. Talk about noticing their surroundings. Sometimes we’re in such a hurry, we don’t even notice the poor guy in need of help. Look up from phone.
  3. Remember to model empathy. People are our mission. Solving problems and serving people are priorities for leaders. Keep the main thing the main thing.
  4. Plan for interruptions. You know they’re going to happen… so help students put margins in the calendar to make space for when they do. It lowers frustration.
  5. Teach them to take a short break every hour. It can help clear the mind and clarify the to-do list, as well as prevent stress and maintain healthy emotions.
  6. Help them catch up on their sleep. It’s the top factor in performance and empathy. When tired, we feel overwhelmed and stop caring deeply for others.
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Empathy and How to "Get It" - Less Drama More Mama

Empathy and How to "Get It" - Less Drama More Mama | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

When your child feels heard, understood, and validated, she’ll feel calmer and more connected to you. When she’s calm and connected, she’ll be waaaay more likely to listen to your valuable wisdom and parental guidance.

It’s not easy, but it’s worth it.

 

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Studies Show Physician Empathy Increases Patient Satisfaction and Outcomes

Studies Show Physician Empathy Increases Patient Satisfaction and Outcomes | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

PRNewswire--- Is empathy a core component of "evidence-based medicine?"  One prominent researcher and author in the area of empathy in patient care argues that the answer is unequivocally "yes" and says that it can and should be evaluated, taught and sustained, as studies show a high correlation between patient satisfaction and outcomes with empathy scores.  

Mohammadreza Hojat, Ph.D., research professor of psychiatry and human behavior and director of the Jefferson Longitudinal Study at the Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, presented on "Empathy in the Realm of Evidence-Based Medicine," during a presentation co-hosted by the Cleveland Clinic at the  American Osteopathic Association's OMED 2014, the Osteopathic Medical Conference & Exposition in Seattle.


Can empathy be taught?

Dr. Hojat says the good news is that empathy can be learned.  He cited several studies where the Jefferson Scale was used, that shows enhanced empathy with a targeted education program.  "Additional reinforcement could sustain or improve empathy among residents," he said.


Some examples include:   


--The Rocking Chair Project:  A free rocking chair was given to indigent expectant mothers by residents in family medicine; the resident had to take the chair to the mother in her home and talk about newborn care too.  Going into the home, talking to the mom and assembling the chair prevented a decline of empathy by residents.  For those residents who didn't participate, their empathy declined. 


--Shadowing:  Those residents who shadowed patients in the emergency room helped to maintain their empathy of residents vs. those whose empathy declined.


--Aging Game:  Students at Midwestern University Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine and Chicago College of Pharmacy were coached to perform the role of an elderly patient.  Other medical students had to sit and watch.  This increased empathy for all students by watching and/or participating in the role play for 15 minutes vs. those who didn't participate.


--Narrative Skills Training:  The Cleveland Clinic did a study on narrative skills training with residents that showed that while there was no significant improvement in empathy, residents did not lose empathy vs. those who weren't exposed to training.


--Movie Clips Experiment:   When residents were shown video clips of patient-physician encounters selected from three movies and analyzed positive and negative aspects of each interaction, their empathy score increased.  


The caveat in empathy training:  when researchers followed up with the subjects from the Aging Game and Movie Clip studies months later; most had lost what they gained, and empathy was not sustained. 


"There needs to be additional reinforcement for empathy to be sustained; if no reinforcement, empathy gains will be lost," Dr. Hojat said.


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Empathy Deficit Disorder

Empathy Deficit Disorder | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

by Robert Reich 


You might expect someone who's in the business of representing others to have a bit more empathy. In fact, you'd think empathy would be the minimum qualification to hold public office in a democracy....


Christie seems to suffer the same ailment that afflicts Alaska's Don Young. Call it Empathy Deficit Disorder. Some Democrats have it, but the disorder seems especially widespread among Republicans. These politicians have no idea what people who are hard up in America are going through....


They deserve politicians who want to fix it rather than blame it on those who have to depend on public assistance, or who need a higher minimum wage, in order to get by.


At the very least, they need leaders who empathize with what they're going through, not those with Empathy Deficit Disorder.

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Who Cares? Youth Gathering: Empathy and Compassion in Society

Who Cares? Youth Gathering:  Empathy and Compassion in Society | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Who Cares? Youth Gathering
Fort Mason Center, San Francisco

Wednesday, November 12, 2014

9.00 am to 12.30 pm

“Who Cares?” is a thought-provoking gathering for young people aged 14 to 19 to interact with leading thinkers, scientists and changemakers to make up their minds on the role of empathy and compassion in society.

Young people are also introduced to the importance of taking care of themselves, as the first step to taking care for others, and given practical tools to make compassion a force for positive change in their lives.

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Mirror Neurons and the Pitfalls of Brain Research

Mirror Neurons and the Pitfalls of Brain Research | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

 by Harriet Hall 


In his new book The Myth of Mirror Neurons: The Real Neuroscience of Communication and Cognition , Gregory Hickok, a professor of cognitive science, challenges current conceptions about mirror neurons.


He shows how a complex mythology arose and why it is unwarranted, how experimental results were misinterpreted and disconfirming evidence ignored, and how other interpretations might lead to better insights about how the brain works...


Hickok puts an end to this monkey business by showing that mirror neurons do not, in fact, explain language, empathy, society, and world peace


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Beyond Human Rights: Building a World on Empathy - Iran Press Watch

Beyond Human Rights: Building a World on Empathy - Iran Press Watch | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

What moves us to serve humanity, to achieve meaningful change, is genuine empathy; the capacity to feel the pain of others, to experience an intimate shared humanity, to accept discomfort and sacrifice in the path of a greater cause. In entering an authentic communion with others, we also discover a profound expression of our own dignity....


Building a world on empathy means that we must each assume personal responsibility; that we must enter into an intimate communion with those that suffer. It is not enough to assume that our leaders will solve the world’s problems on our behalf. The divisive, opportunist world of politics, is hardly an inspiration.... 


Without empathy, our deepest human potential will never be fully realized. We will consume more and more, and experience happiness less and less. Without sacrifice, we will remain incomplete, spiritually handicapped. ...


It was astonishing to see how they were transformed by this catharsis, by simply having a public forum where they could tell their stories, where others would listen to their plight with empathy. ...


When we surrender fear so that we can know the pain of longing, we enter into a wondrous journey of discovery, transported by the eternal dance between self and other. The ultimate source of power is the courage of empathy. ..


By Payam Akhavan


Beyond Human Rights
http://www.cbc.ca/ideas/episodes/2014/09/18/beyond-human-rights/

Payam Akhavan, from the 2014 Vancouver Human Rights Lecture, Beyond Human Rights: Building a World on Empathy


Listen to the Payam Akhavan's full lecture: 


2014 Vancouver Human Rights Lecture, featuring Payam Akhavan, PhD
Beyond Human Rights: Building a World on Empathy
https://www.alumni.ubc.ca/2014/events/2014-vancouver-human-rights-lecture-featuring-payam-akhavan-phd/
 


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On Empathy - Recap & Upcoming Events

On Empathy - Recap & Upcoming Events | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
  On Empathy is entering its 7th week of events! For this weeks conversation we have decided to do things a little bit differently. We are going to keep an element of surprise, but the plan is to meet in
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5 Simple Tips to Encourage Empathy In Your Kids

5 Simple Tips to Encourage Empathy In Your Kids | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy has so many benefits, both for our kids and for more effective parenting. For instance:

  • Children get along better with other kids because they can put themselves in their shoes.
  • Children learn to regulate their emotions, such as during meltdowns and when they’re over excited.
  • Children can separate other people’s emotions from theirs. For instance, a child may get upset when he sees another child cry. But with empathy, he learns that the other child is the one who really needs help.


Below are effective ways of teaching our kids to show empathy:

  • #1: Create a happy home....
  • #2: Discuss being in other people’s shoes....
  • #3: Highlight common interests and feelings....
  • #4: Mention how their actions affect others....
  • #5: Model empathy...
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On Empathy: Q&A with Peggy Mason, PhD

On Empathy: Q&A with Peggy Mason, PhD | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy—the ability to perceive and share another person's emotional state—is the subject of this month’s Cerebrum article, “With A Little Help from My Friends: How the Brain Procand the latest on this aspect of social neuroscience is Peggy Mason, Ph.D., a professor of neurobiology at the University of Chicago and the author of Medical Neurobiology.



Mason, whose lab is currently interested in empathetic healing and helping behavior in rats, offers an open online course, “Understanding the Brain: The Neurobiology of Everyday Life,” through Coursera and held a lively discussion of empathy on Reddit recently.

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Embodying Empathy: Active and Restorative Practice | Yoga

Embodying Empathy: Active and Restorative Practice | Yoga | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Understanding and practicing empathy for yourself and others is probably the most important skill we can have as yoga practitioners, family members, and world citizens.


Empathy connects us to ourselves, to others and to the world at large, and can shape our conversations, interactions and all our relationships.

To embody empathy is to embody the yamas and nyamas, to begin to “be” yoga instead of just “doing” yoga.

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25 Questions for Cultivating Self-Compassion

25 Questions for Cultivating Self-Compassion | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

As I wrote in this piece on journaling prompts for self-reflection and self-discovery, part of building a healthy relationship with ourselves is keeping an open and honest dialogue. It’s continually asking ourselves questions and welcoming the answers. It’s getting to know ourselves, at our core.

Another part of building a healthy relationship is cultivating self-compassion. But I know that for many of us this is hard. Really hard. Being kind feels foreign, and unnatural. Instead, after many years, our automatic reaction may be to bash, berate and bully ourselves.


Here’s a list of 25 questions to help you take small steps in being kinder to yourself.

  1. How would I like to feel today?
  2. What’s one small step I can take to cultivate this feeling?
  3. What do I need right now?
  4. ....


by MARGARITA TARTAKOVSKY, M.S. 

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