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Study: How Narrative Relationships Overcome Empathic Bias: Elizabeth Gaskell's Empathy across Social Difference

Study: How Narrative Relationships Overcome Empathic Bias: Elizabeth Gaskell's Empathy across Social Difference | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Modern and historical scholarship on empathy has consistently demonstrated that people are more likely to empathize with those who are similar to themselves. This empathic bias for similarity means that the affective bonds and ethical motivations that accompany empathy are significantly diminished in relationships with outgroups, as defined by sociological difference. I argue that narrative empathy is uniquely capable of circumventing the similarity bias through compositional strategies related to foregrounding and perspective.

 

Turning to modern research on reading as well as to accounts of reading in the nineteenth century, I propose a two-part argument: first, that the act of reading can overcome the bias that scholars have observed in relationships between people and, second, that narrative empathy has the potential to prevent future cases of bias by reconfiguring readers' criteria for similarity.

 

Mary-Catherine Harrison

 

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Empathy and Compassion
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To Newspaper Front Page: All Sections

To Newspaper Front Page: All Sections | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy Cafe Magazine Front Page


Visit the individual magazines specifically for empathy and;

*   Main Page All
*   Animals
*   Art
*   Compassion

*   Compassionate Communications (NVC)

*   Curriculums
*   Education
*   Empaths

*   Empathy Quotes

*   Empathic Design - Empathy in Human-Centered Design (New!)
*   Health Care

*   Justice

*   Self-Empathy & Self-Compassion
*   Teaching - Learning
*   Work 

*   etc.


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Edwin Rutsch, Editor

Our Website CultureOfEmpathy.com

Join us on Facebook Center for Building a Culture of Empathy

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5 Science-Backed Reasons It's Important To Love Yourself

5 Science-Backed Reasons It's Important To Love Yourself | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

When it comes to close relationships, by now we've probably got this whole "best friend" thing down pat. We give them a confidence boost when they don't feel their best. We're supportive of them when they fail at something. We encourage them when they're unsure of taking on new challenges. We're an all-around uplifting influence in their lives.


These positive behaviors toward our friends are probably as natural as breathing. So why is it so hard to do this for ourselves?..

Below are five ways loving yourself can improve your quality of life -- and a few habits you can practice in order to get there.


  • Accepting yourself can make you happier...
  • It could encourage you to reach those health goals...
  • Self-compassion may help with mental health issues...
  • It can push you to stop procrastinating...
  • Loving yourself can lead you through adversity...
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Books That Teach Empathy

Books That Teach Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Teaching kids empathy is one of the most important jobs of being a parent. These great books for all ages will help make it easier -- they celebrate friendship, difference, and the importance of caring for one another.

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Interpersonal Neurobiology: What is Empathy?

Interpersonal Neurobiology: What is Empathy? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
There’s something about the prefix ‘em’ that inspires interdependence, synergy, and mutuality. In fact, certain members in the family of words containing it–words like embody, embed, empower and our focal word empathy–certainly evoke the cosmic phenomena of cohesion, energy transfer, and information exchange.


Initially, I had defined the word empathy as “the ability to relate to another human being, drawing from a pool of collective memories and experiences” however my immersion in the intellectual discourse afforded by Daniel Siegel’s Pocket Guide to Interpersonal Neurobiology (2012) and Barbara Rogoff’s The Cultural Nature of Human Development (2003) inspired an immediate revision to something far more comprehensive in its ontological latitude.

Paul Kiritsis
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Jane Goodall on Empathy and How to Reach Our Highest Human Potential

Jane Goodall on Empathy and How to Reach Our Highest Human Potential | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

In this wonderful short video from NOVA’s series The Secret Life of Scientists and Engineers, Dr. Goodall considers how empathy for other animals brings us closer to our highest human potentiality:


“I was told you have to give them numbers because you've got to be objective as a scientist, and you mustn't empathize with your subjects and I feel this is where science has gone wrong. To have this coldness, this lack of empathy has enabled some scientist to do unethical behavior.


Moreover, why deny a perfectly respectable tool?  I think  those two are behaving like that because that’s how I would behave if I was in that situation, that’s empathy. Once you've worked out why you think they are doing that,  then you can start testing that. Am I right? Is this a valid assumption or not?  But it gives you the groundwork for asking questions,


I think empathy is really important and I think only when our clever brain and our human heart work together in harmony can we achieve our full potential. “   

Jane Goodall



by Maria Popova
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Empathy for Self and Others: Is it Really Such a Big Deal?

Empathy for Self and Others: Is it Really Such a Big Deal? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Mindfulness meditation research has concluded that those who participate in a mindfulness program experience an increase in empathy for self and others.


Is this really such a big deal? How does being empathetic, defined as the feeling that you understand and share another person's experiences and emotions, change or improve our lives?


It may be a revelation for some people to consider that having empathy is so important in our lives: For me to really understand how you feel and show you compassion, I need to have been able to feel the same, or similar, feelings and have shown compassion to myself. If I am not kind and compassionate to myself, how can I be those things for you?


by Susie Wolbe 

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6th Annual Empathy World Call 2014

6th Annual Empathy World Call 2014 | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The 6th Annual Global Tele-Empathy Call Event, with 24 hours of connection, compassion and understanding begins Wednesday, October 1 at 3pm PT.


You are invited to join us (by phone, skype or computer) to experience empathic presence as we commune together in a global network of compassion and love. Your presence matters! It won't be the same without you. 

Different facilitators, practicioners and hosts will be joining the call bringing their own experiences, reflections and styles to this paradigm-shifting event.

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The Role Of Empathy

The Role Of Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
What does empathy look like in action, and how can you incorporate into your business model? Last week saw the Asoka Change Week host the Asoka Support Network Global Summit, with social enterprises from around the world sharing their stories of how develop empathy in business...
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How Empathy Leads To Aggression

How Empathy Leads To Aggression | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Scientists conducted experiments to understand why feelings of empathy lead to aggression for loved ones and even for strangers.


We all love watching our superheroes protect the weak and oppressed. Their need to protect obviously comes from the hugely empathetic nature that they possess.


But if empathy means eliciting compassion and spreading warmth, then why do our superheroes get violent with aggressors? Why doesn’t Batman take the Joker to a psychologist to sort out his issues rather than beat the crap out of him?


The answer, according to a study by researchers from State University of New York at Buffalo, is because of a neurological link between empathy and aggression. The study, published in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, while attempting to assess the role of neurohormones in connecting empathy and aggression, also checks if assessed or elicited empathy would make a person aggressive on behalf of the vulnerable other.


By Shweta Iyer

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The Dark Side of Empathy

The Dark Side of Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

A paper just published in the journal Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin provides evidence that feelings of empathy toward a distressed person can inspire aggressive behavior. For some people, at least, feeling another’s pain is insufficient: You also experience the urge to harm the person they are in conflict or competition with.


University at Buffalo psychologists Anneke Buffone and Michael Poulinfound empathy can provoke such behavior even absent “traditional predictors of aggression” such as feeling threatened, or a tendency to act impulsively.


by Tom Jacobs

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Video: How to bring more empathy into your relationships

Video: How to bring more empathy into your relationships | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

You've likely heard of it, and have definitely needed it. So why is EMPATHY so difficult to figure out in relationships? Adrienne Laursen, Licensed Therapist, Fox 9 Relationship Expert, and owner of The Engagement Coach, explains what empathy really is, and provides tips for having more of it at home, and at work.


1. First, let's define what empathy really is

Empathy by definition is broken down into a few parts . . .First, most people think it's about sympathy, and feeling bad for another person. While having feelings of concern is a good thing, and very normal, it sort of misses the point of empathy.

for having more of it at home, and at work.


2. What empathy is not...

3. How to show empathy the right way..

4. A challenge for you...


by Adrienne Laursen,

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Just One Thing: Be at Peace with the Pain of Others

Just One Thing: Be at Peace with the Pain of Others | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

We can threatened by another person's stress, says Rick Hanson. So how do you stay open, caring, and brave enough to help them?


Humans are an empathic, compassionate, and loving species, so it is natural to feel sad, worried, or fiery about the troubles and pain of other people. (And about those of cats and dogs and other animals, but I’ll focus on human beings here.)


================================

To sustain this openness, it helps to have a sense of your own body. Tune into breathing, and steady the sense of being here with the other person’s issues and distress over there.

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By Rick Hanson

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Innovation Always Starts With Empathy; Look at Zipcar and Even Apple

Innovation Always Starts With Empathy; Look at Zipcar and Even Apple | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Many of the world's most innovative companies benefit from this kind of institutional empathy.


Steve Jobs isn't just a great businessman, he's also the prototypical Apple user, and he's assembled a team of smart, like-minded folks to bring his vision to life. It's no wonder Apple doesn't ask users what they want. They are the users.


If You Don't Have Empathy, Create It...

Empathy with the user is a powerful tool for innovation. It gives you insight into the problem, but even more important, it makes you care about the outcome... 


That is true user-centered innovation, and it's available to anyone who makes empathy a top priority....


by Kevin Dooley]

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Acts of Compassion Speak Louder than Words to Your Children

Acts of Compassion Speak Louder than Words to Your Children | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Eve and Darren believe that compassion arises from the realization that there are people in the world different from them. So, from their two children's earliest years, they exposed their kids to as much , racial, religious, age and socioeconomic diversity as possible.


They live in a large and diverse city in a neighborhood of mixed ethnicity and explore every nook and cranny of the urban landscape, even poor areas in which they are a bit uncomfortable. Eve and Darren expose their children to every kind of international cuisine they can find (though, admittedly, every taste isn't always welcomed). They read books to their children that show them about other peoples, cultures, and religions. Once their children were old enough, the family took trips to India, China, Russia, and Africa.


Dr. Jim Taylor 

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Survival of the friendliest: How to introduce a little more compassion into our lives

Survival of the friendliest: How to introduce a little more compassion into our lives | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The Compassion Games is an annual international competition or ‘coopetition’ as they like to call it, which ran from 9-21 September where teams and individuals around the world compete to be the most compassionate.


It arose two years ago from the work of an American organisation, the Compassionate Action Network (CAN). In 2012 CAN gave its International Compassionate City Award to Louisville, Kentucky. The Mayor of Louisville responded with a challenge. “Louisville is the most compassionate city in the world,” he said, “until proven otherwise.” The idea of an international compassion ‘coopetition’ was born.

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About

About | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The Human Empathy Project exists to foster empathic connection with faith and LGBTQ communities.


The Human Empathy Project is rooted in Austin, TX and exists to foster mutual empathic connection with faith and LGBT communities through monthly dinner & conversation, consultation and guidance for leaders and faith communities, scripture resources, small and large group facilitation, and public speakers.


https://www.facebook.com/pages/The-Human-Empathy-Project/323576481073510


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We Can't Outsource Empathy Part I: Thoughts on AAM's Diversity and Inclusion Policy

We Can't Outsource Empathy Part I: Thoughts on AAM's Diversity and Inclusion Policy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

The Incluseum has long-admired Gretchen Jennings’ writing and advocacy for the framework of the “empathetic museum.  But what is the Empathetic Museum and how can that idea be applied to current discourse surrounding diversity and inclusion in museums? 


This guest post is Part I of Jennings’ thoughtful two-part response to AAM’s newly released diversity and inclusion policy that we have recently highlighted on our blog.   Our goal is to keep the dialogue going about the policy and  creative paradigm shifts like the one elaborated on here by Jennings. We hope you will add your voice to this conversation as well!...


When I think of empathy in an individual I think of a quality that is fairly consistent.  It is a state of being, a habit of mind.  It is also a state of awareness of others –people are there and they matter. There is also a quality of reciprocity or two-sidedness about empathy; it connects the person to others, and vice versa.  Because it is genuine, and really hard to fake, I think that empathy almost always elicits a response.
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Jane Goodall on Empathy and How to Reach Our Highest Human Potential

Jane Goodall on Empathy and How to Reach Our Highest Human Potential | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

In this wonderful short video from NOVA’s series The Secret Life of Scientists and Engineers, Dr. Goodall considers how empathy for other animals brings us closer to our highest human potentiality:


“I was told you have to give them numbers because you've got to be objective as a scientist, and you mustn't empathize with your subjects and I feel this is where science has gone wrong. To have this coldness, this lack of empathy has enabled some scientist to do unethical behavior.


Moreover, why deny a perfectly respectable tool?  I think  those two are behaving like that because that’s how I would behave if I was in that situation, that’s empathy. Once you've worked out why you think they are doing that,  then you can start testing that. Am I right? Is this a valid assumption or not?  But it gives you the groundwork for asking questions,


I think empathy is really important and I think only when our clever brain and our human heart work together in harmony can we achieve our full potential. “   

Jane Goodall


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Six ways to bring more empathy to the internet

Six ways to bring more empathy to the internet | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

by LIZ PLEASANT and JIM MCGOWAN 


As a quick look at the comments section of most any article on 4Chan.org will show, this anonymity has crowded the Internet with enough trolls to populate the underside of every bridge in Norway multiple times over—and has contributed to general online cruelty, bullying, and harassment.


A more empathic Web could help put an end to that. And research suggests that practicing empathy leads to happier relationships and more satisfying lives, so more empathy online can benefit our offline spaces too.

Luckily, there are many ways you can help build a more empathic Internet through your own interactions. Here are six ways to start.

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The Case Against Empathy | Big Think

The Case Against Empathy | Big Think | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

It’s hard to imagine empathy being anything but beneficial. It has become one of the most championed mental states in the neuroscience age: the ability to feel what someone else is feeling and, if all goes well, extend a hand altruistically or compassionately.

This is the clean-cut version of empathy. I feel what you’re feeling; I get it. Thinkers call for empathy when facing international crises, such as continual turmoil in Gaza: if Israelis could just feel what it’s like to be a Palestinian mother, if the Hamas leader could just understand what a sympathetic Jewish father goes through, none of this would be happening.


by DEREK BERES

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The Best Definition of Empathy We've Heard

The Best Definition of Empathy We've Heard | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
“Empathy is...simply listening, holding space, withholding judgment, emotionally connecting, and communicating that incredibly healing message of, ‘You’re not alone.’” -Brene Brown
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Exploring the Connection Between Empathy, Neurohormones and Aggression - Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Exploring the Connection Between Empathy, Neurohormones and Aggression - Society for Personality and Social Psychology | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy is typically seen as eliciting warmth and compassion—a generally positive state that makes people do good things to others. However, empathy may also motivate aggression on behalf of the vulnerable other.


Researchers at the State University of New York at Buffalo, examined whether assessed or elicited empathy would lead to situation-specific aggression on behalf of another person,


and to explore the potential role of two neurohormones in explaining a connection between empathy and aggression.


The study is published inPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin.


image: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anger 

The Fury of Athamas by John Flaxman (1755–1826).

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Expert talks about teaching empathy to children

Expert talks about teaching empathy to children | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it


Michelle Kinder of the Momentous Institute joined News 8 at 4 Thursday to talk about tips on teaching empathy to children and the benefits it provides.

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Anita Vance's curator insight, September 27, 11:13 AM

Connections are made to stronger problem solving, better reading scores with reminders to model and narrate empathetic behaviors.


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Exploring the connection between empathy, neurohormones and aggression

Exploring the connection between empathy, neurohormones and aggression | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy is typically seen as eliciting warmth and compassion—a generally positive state that makes people do good things to others. However, empathy may also motivate aggression on behalf of the vulnerable other.


Researchers at the State University of New York at Buffalo, examined whether assessed or elicited empathy would lead to situation-specific aggression on behalf of another person, and to explore the potential role of two neurohormones in explaining a connection between empathy and aggression. The study is published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.


Design of the Study

Empathic impulses are aimed at reducing the suffering of the target of empathy. Sometimes aggression may be the response that is perceived to best address the need of the other, or best suited to end their suffering.


Jennifer Santisi
Society for Personality and Social Psychology

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The Spiritual Power of Empathy: Develop Your Intuitive Gifts for Compassionate Connection

The Spiritual Power of Empathy: Develop Your Intuitive Gifts for Compassionate Connection | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy is more than the ability to sense what others are going through. It’s a spiritual gift that invites the recognition and absorption of psychic energy.


There are six types of empathy and each can greatly boost your intuitive senses, but they can also cause you to take on energy that’s not your own, creating everything from physical to relational challenges—or “energetic codependency.”


The reality is that “distorted empathy” can create the conditions for many “isms,” including personality disorders (i.e. borderline, narcissism, and more); psychiatric issues (bipolar, schizophrenia, and more); and specific challenges in regard to Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome, ADHD, autism spectrum disorders, depression, anxiety, and addictions.



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Forbes: How To Use 'Muscular' Empathy To Drive Social Change

Forbes: How To Use 'Muscular' Empathy To Drive Social Change | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

So how, specifically, can you use empathy to be more effective in advancing change?


Here are three suggestions that are based on making the link between empathy and the core American values—leadership, innovation, and pragmatism—that we more commonly attribute to success.


1. Recognize empathy’s essential role in good leadership....


2. Harness the insights of empathy to innovate....


3. Make the connection between empathy and pragmatism....


Lisa Bennett 


image http://j.mp/1vlvT5h
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