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UVA Researchers Conduct Empathy Study - Charlottesville, VA News, Sports and Weather

UVA Researchers Conduct Empathy Study - Charlottesville, VA News, Sports and Weather | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

A new study on empathy at the University of Virginia is shining a light on how our brains understand friendship.

 

Researchers set out to answer the question, how does the brain create a map of ‘the self' and ‘the other'? To find out, they scared participants with a mild shock three different ways.

 

First the shock was directed at the participant, then a friend of the participant, and finally, a total stranger. "What we found is that if the friend was directed at a friend, the way that their brain understood their situation looked very similar to the way that the brain looked when the threat was directed at themselves. But if the threat was directed at a stranger it looked really different ," said Jim Coan, associate professor of psychology at UVA. 

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Empathy and Compassion
The latest news about empathy and compassion from around the world - CultureOfEmpathy.com
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To Newspaper Front Page: All Sections

To Newspaper Front Page: All Sections | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it


Click here to go to 
Empathy Cafe Magazine

Front Page


Visit the individual magazines specifically

 for: Empathy and ...

*   Main Page
*   Animals   
*   Art  
*   Compassion  
*   Education 
*   Empaths  
*   Health Care 
*   Learning Empathy and Compassion

*   Justice    
*   Teaching   
*   Work        
*   Self-empathy/compassion           

*   Curriculum     
*   etc.

====================

Please Click 'Follow' to receive updates.
It also helps us rise in the rankings 
and gives us more exposure
on Scoop.it. 

===========

Thanks so much.

Edwin Rutsch, Editor


Join us on Facebook 
Center for Building a Culture of Empathy
http://CultureOfEmpathy.com

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At Harvard, Rowan Williams lectures on the paradoxes of empathy

At Harvard, Rowan Williams lectures on the paradoxes of empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
  • Lecture 1 - "The Other as Myself: Empathy and Power"

  • Lecture 2 - "Myself as Stranger: Empathy and Loss"

  • Tanner Seminar



Despite that optimism, “The Paradoxes of Empathy” was the title of the 2014 Tanner Lectures on Human Values delivered at Harvard last week by Rowan Williams, archbishop of Canterbury from 2002 to 2012.



Fellow feeling alone, he argued, cannot serve as a solution to the world’s problems. “An ethical discourse which gives central place to empathy as emotional identification draws our attention away from questions of culture and power,” he told a packed audience in Paine Hall. “Ethics isn’t just about single acts of evil or virtue. Evil is not overcome merely by identifying and correcting the dysfunction of individual brains. It’s inseparably bound in to what is made possible or impossible by structures of habit, belief, and advantage.”


Empathy, therefore, is grounded in
humility. Quoting Stein, he said,
“The empathic position is one in
which we know that we are not the other.” 

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The Force of empathy in advocacy storytelling

The Force of empathy in advocacy storytelling | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

By Ted Fickes 

You need not have watched the first U.S. presidential debate on October 3rd to know what happened. Mitt Romney won the debate in the eyes of most that watched. He succeeded, in part, by creating a narrative, telling stories, and using a strong sense of empathy to connect with  citizens.


The power of empathy in Governor Romney’s debate performance (and the lack of it displayed by President Obama) has been declared significant enough to perhaps turn Romney’s campaign from a languishing also-ran to a possible winner.


But it is empathy that gives stories
their power in advocacy and
campaign communications.

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Can A GoPro Help Build Empathy For S.F.'s 'Extreme' Homeless?

Can A GoPro Help Build Empathy For S.F.'s 'Extreme' Homeless? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Founded by entrepreneur Kevin Adler and a handful of like-minded activists, Homeless GoPro is setting out to bridge the “empathy divide” that keeps San Francisco’s middle and upper classes from interacting with — or often even acknowledging — its 6,500 street dwellers.

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Here’s what happens in your body when you yawn

Here’s what happens in your body when you yawn | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Most of the research on contagious yawning (though a recent paper questioned this connection) has focused on the role of empathy. But we’re not talking about compassion or even cognitive empathy — we’re talking about a really unconscious, low-level impetus to relate to others.


Think, Platek suggests, of a televised sporting event: If you watch a football player get a terrible sports injury on TV, you might flinch, develop a sympathy pain, or react physiologically in some immediate way. This is the type of empathy researchers are referring to when they discuss its role in yawns. Interestingly, people with autism or schizotypal personality disorder — neurological conditions characterised by a lack of even low-level empathy — do not catch yawns as frequently.


This is the type of empathy researchers

are referring to when they discuss

its role in yawns. 

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EMPATHY: How we live with each other

The first of a series of roundtables around the topic of Empathy. 


Recorded July, 2013 at the Massachusetts Historical Society's Dowse Library. Featuring:
Dr. Marco Iacoboni
Dr. Mary Hellen Immordino-Yang
Dr. Robert Weller
Dr. Adam Seligman
Leslie Jamison
Ben Doepke & the SEEK company (host)

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On Leslie Jamison's "The Empathy Exams"

On Leslie Jamison's "The Empathy Exams" | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

But perhaps there is power even in protocol.  In her title essay, Jamison writes about serving as a “standardized patient”; that is, an actor describing her maladies for the benefit of burgeoning medical students.


She literally adopts a persona and follows a script, all in an effort to test the medical student’s use of protocol.  Did they acknowledge her as a human being?  Did they voice empathy?  By essay’s end, when the playacting turns real—when there are struggles beyond the script—Jamison notes, “Whatever we can’t hold we hang on a hook that will hold it.”  Yes.  That’s exactly what we do, isn’t it?  And when empathy is the product of death, the hook in question often comes in the form of a sympathy card.

====================================

She literally adopts a persona and follows 

script, all in an effort to test the medical

student’s use of protocol... 

Did they voice empathy?

=============


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‘The Empathy Exams,’ Wide-Ranging Essays By Leslie Jamison

‘The Empathy Exams,’ Wide-Ranging Essays By Leslie Jamison | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

In “The Empathy Exams,” her extraordinary new book of essays, she calls to mind writers as disparate as Joan Didion and John Jeremiah Sullivan as she interrogates the palpitations of not just her own trippy heart but of all of ours.


Her book isn’t, except in passing, a medical memoir. “The Empathy Exams” bounces among topics. There are essays on travel in dangerous territories, on men in prison, on extreme endurance races, on saccharine, on murder trials, on unusual diseases, on women and pain. Ms. Jamison’s mind plays across topics as disparate as the HBO series “Girls” and the morphology of folk tales.

======================

“Empathy isn’t just something that happens
to us — a meteor shower of synapses
firing across the brain — it’s also a choice
we make: to pay attention,
to extend ourselves,”

=

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Flinching, but Never Looking Away: Leslie Jamison’s The Empathy Exams

Flinching, but Never Looking Away: Leslie Jamison’s The Empathy Exams | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

At one point in her extraordinary essay collection The Empathy Exams, Leslie Jamison mentions a phrase a boyfriend once used to characterize her—a phrase by which, some years later, she still finds herself troubled. This phrase is “wound dweller. ..


The essay becomes an exploration of the idea of empathy, of feeling your way into the suffering of another person and identifying personally with their pain...


Instead she asks, in various ways, whether empathy might not in fact be less about the person being identified with than the person doing the identifying...


By Mark O'Connell

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Empathy and Stress – Women Are the Stronger Sex

Empathy and Stress – Women Are the Stronger Sex | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Recently, researchers examined empathy in males and females under stressful conditions. When the men were stressed, they were less able to engage in socially appropriate and empathetic interactions with other people; men became more egocentric when stressed. Women, on the other hand, were more empathetic toward others when they themselves were under stress.


For the study, which is published in the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology, the participants were placed in moderately stressful situations in a laboratory, including speaking in public with little preparation or performing mental arithmetic tasks, that mimicked the type of stress humans can encounter on a daily basis.


 =========================

the more egocentric a person is,

the less empathetic 

he or she becomes.

=============


By Jennifer Gibson

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Why Empathy is Essential to a Culture of Health

Why Empathy is Essential to a Culture of Health | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Empathy is the lifeblood of any system of health—it gives us all a shared stake in being healthy and helping others to thrive as well.


Building empathy has been a critical strategy in my household of late—not only because it helps motivate them, but also because it is an important part of their social development. Lately I have been thinking about empathy on a larger scale, beyond my household, and how critical it is to building a Culture of Health.


====================

Most people don't think about empathy
as  
a key to health, but it is
profoundly important.

==========


by Tara Oakman

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Keaton Toscano's curator insight, April 14, 1:05 AM

Empathy is an important attitude to have as a teacher as well, for many reasons. You do not want your students to bring their problems into the classroom, it needs to be a safe place. You also need to empathize with the fact that you are here because you have already mastered the required material, they are trying to understand it through you. Not everyone is going to respond well to your teaching style, let alone how YOU understand the information, you'll be doing a bit of catering as a teacher, as is to be expected.

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Contagious yawning a mystery: May not be linked to empathy after all

Contagious yawning a mystery: May not be linked to empathy after all | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
While previous studies have suggested a connection between contagious yawning and empathy, new research finds that contagious yawning may decrease with age and is not strongly related to variables like empathy, tiredness and energy levels.


Contagious yawning is a well-documented phenomenon that occurs only in humans and chimpanzees in response to hearing, seeing or thinking about yawning.


=============================

"The lack of association in our study between
contagious yawning and empathy suggests
that contagious yawning is not simply a

product of one's capacity for empathy,"

===============

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Designing with users: an exercise in empathy

Designing with users: an exercise in empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Designing products with people, not just for them


We always try to make new products and services with users, not just for them. Again and again, we have seen that this is the best way to ground your own ideas in their needs and behaviours.


Here are a number of tools and techniques we use to do this:


1 - Workshops...

2 - In depth user interviews...

3 - Mapping existing user journeys...

4 - Observations...

5 - Low fidelity sketches...

6 - Live prototypes: ‘sketching with software'....

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WATCH: Homeless Man Volunteering For Video Project Calls Out Technology For Stealing Our Souls

WATCH: Homeless Man Volunteering For Video Project Calls Out Technology For Stealing Our Souls | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Meet Adam Reichart. He's a 44-year-old homeless man who lives in San Francisco. In his city alone there are 6,500 men and women living without homes. Those are the people Reichart hoped to shine a light on when he agreed to volunteer as part of the Homeless GoPro project.


And he's got some wisdom to share:
 

"People are losing their compassion and
their empathy, not just for homeless people
but for society in general."



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Empathy: How Should We Care About One Another?

Empathy: How Should We Care About One Another? | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Kelly McEvers talks to Leslie Jamison, author of the new essay collection, The Empathy Exams: Essays. The book takes the writer on a quest to figure out how others feel empathy.


Author Leslie Jamison says that as an emotional response, empathy is always perched precariously between gift and invasion. Her new book of essays is called "The Empathy Exams." In it, she writes about prisoners, medical students, extreme runners and ex-boyfriends. It's all part of her quest to understand how others feel empathy and how she can feel it, too.

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Mental illness on screen – a new world of hopes and aspirations

Mental illness on screen – a new world of hopes and aspirations | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

It is a basic tenet of mainstream filmmaking that you want the audience to identify with your protagonist: to go on an emotional journey with them, to empathise with them. What, then, are the particular challenges filmmakers face when the protagonist is living with a mental illness?


Given the stigma that is still prevalent towards mental illness, how can filmmakers break down these barriers that inhibit the empathetic relationship between character and viewer? 


=================

If sympathy suggests feeling for someone
(that is, feeling sorry for them),
empathy is distinguished by
feeling with them.
============ 

by Fincina Hopgood
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Empathy and a 7th Grade History Class

Empathy and a 7th Grade History Class | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

This post is part of my Professional Growth Plan documentation on how I’m using Design Thinking in my classroom


One Grade 7 assignment I have done the past few years is a trial set during the Industrial Revolution, where students must answer the question: Should children be allowed to work in factories?

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Leslie Jamison "The Empathy Exams" - YouTube

Leslie Jamison discusses her book with her aunt Kay Jamison at Politics & Prose bookstore in Washington, D.C...  


Kay Jamison give introduction.

  • will talk about empathy

  • has bipolar

Leslie Jamison

  • Reads from chapter 1.

  • Q and A

    • Standard patient process works was good.

    • Does one learn empathy, teach empathy, is it something that's modeled?

    • Empathy and violent Video games?

    • How  to deal with someone with manic/depression?

    • What's difference between empathy and sympathy?

    • A Doctor: Listening but wanting to be known as well? The need to help, listening and being know yourself?

    • How has the inquiry into empathy feed your creative imagination as a writer?

    • Learning about the author.  Relationship between self disclosure and empathy?

    • How came to write essays?

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'Empathy Exams' Is A Virtuosic Manifesto Of Human Pain

'Empathy Exams' Is A Virtuosic Manifesto Of Human Pain | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Leslie Jamison's new book of essays, The Empathy Exams, combines the intellectual and the emotional to explore the humanizing effect of empathy. Heller McAlpin calls it a "soaring performance."

 

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Book review: “The Empathy Exams’’ by Leslie Jamison - The Boston Globe

Book review: “The Empathy Exams’’ by Leslie Jamison - The Boston Globe | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Each of the 11 essays in a Leslie Jamison’s brilliant collection, “The Empathy Exams,’’ touches, in one way or another, on ideas of empathy (which implies pain, victimization, sensitivity) and voice (which implies creativity, agency, expression).


‘My job is medical actor,” writes Leslie Jamison at the start of her new book’s title essay, “which means I play sick.” The job requires Jamison to assume the role of a patient — memorizing an imaginary person’s biography and complaints, answering medical students’ questions, offering only what is asked of her — so that future doctors can better inhabit their own roles.

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Author Leslie Jamison Turns Feelings Into Words In 'The Empathy Exams' - Video

Author Leslie Jamison Turns Feelings Into Words In 'The Empathy Exams' - Video | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

According to Webster's Dictionary, the definition of "empathy" is "the feeling that you understand and share another person's experiences and emotions." Author Leslie Jamison has sought to personify what it is to "feel" in her latest book "The Empathy Exams." 


The 29 year-old chronicles her adventures playing sick for med school students; surviving an assault on the streets of Nicaragua; understanding the past lives of inmates, and even our relationship with the word saccharine, and how its artificially sweet meaning translates well beyond food and drink.


===========================

I've been able to engage in all these questions

of can empathy be taught, and if so how

can it be taught effectively

================


By ERIN WILLIAMS

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Joy to the World – Empathy and Positive Emotions

Joy to the World – Empathy and Positive Emotions | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Empathy is the ability to perceive and react to another person’s emotions.


Much attention has been paid to empathy regarding negative emotions, but little is known about how (or if) we respond to positive emotions in the same way. Now, a new study reports that joy may be harder to share than distress. Psychology researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate the neural networks of 21 adults in response to positive and negative emotional stimuli.


======================

Empathy is fundamental to human emotion
and social experience and it has
strong evolutionary roots.
======== 


By Jennifer Gibson

References

Bernhardt BC, & Singer T (2012). The neural basis of empathy. Annual review of neuroscience, 35, 1-23 PMID: 22715878


Danziger N, Faillenot I, & Peyron R (2009). Can we share a pain we never felt? Neural correlates of empathy in patients with congenital insensitivity to pain. Neuron, 61 (2), 203-12 PMID: 19186163


de Vignemont F, & Singer T (2006). The empathic brain: how, when and why? Trends in cognitive sciences, 10 (10), 435-41 PMID: 16949331


Perry D, Hendler T, & Shamay-Tsoory SG (2012). Can we share the joy of others? Empathic neural responses to distress vs joy. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 7 (8), 909-16 PMID: 22156723


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The Politics of Ubuntu: Ubuntu says that we cannot exist as a human being in isolation. Desmond Tutu

The Politics of Ubuntu: Ubuntu says that we cannot exist as a human being in isolation.  Desmond Tutu | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Ubuntu says that we cannot exist as a human being in isolation. We are interconnected. We are family. If you are not well, I am not well.


When Ubuntu is your core value you recognize your shared humanity. You cannot live in Ubuntu and violate the dignity or humanity of another. The two are irreconcilable.


===================

I am here to say that

we are not well.

========

 

None of us exist in isolation and when we recognize our shared humanity, regardless of our differences, then peace is possible. 


by Desmond Tutu

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Empathy and Mindfulness

Empathy and Mindfulness | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
Edwin Rutsch's insight:

Mindfulness practice with breath awareness, grounding and protection imagery can take only a few minutes and be very effective in bringing clarity, calm and presence.


Those of us who are highly sensitive are
called “empathic.” Although most people
can feel empathy; empathic people feel
and sense energy more intensely.

by Lauren Monroe Allen



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Audio: Reclaiming Empathy — Best Practices for Engaging with Patients

Audio: Reclaiming Empathy — Best Practices for Engaging with Patients | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it

Featuring:

  • Helen Riess, MD, Director, Empathy and Relational Science Program, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Stacie Pallotta, MPH, Senior Director, Office of Patient Experience, Cleveland Clinic
  • Martha Hayward, Lead for Public and Patient Engagement, Institute for Healthcare Improvement
Empathy is not the same thing as sympathy. In the first instance, we feel seen and truly heard; sympathy tends to maintain a distance between two people, often deliberately so. One of the best explanations of the distinction, and why empathy can be so much more powerful, is an online video narrated by human vulnerability expert Dr. Brené Brown. And then there’s the Cleveland Clinic’s video about empathy, directed at health professionals. 
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Facial Expressions, Cultural Difference, Empathy

Facial Expressions, Cultural Difference, Empathy | Empathy and Compassion | Scoop.it
New research suggests that not only are there four basic emotions expressed through the face, but that how these emotions are interpreted depends on cultural background


========================

This study by the Glasgow team, and the

resulting Generative Facial Grammar, offers

possibilities for tools to be developed to aid

cross-cultural empathy and understanding. 

========

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