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Need a hug? Study details human-like way bonobos show empathy.

Need a hug? Study details human-like way bonobos show empathy. | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

In human children, research has indicated that orphans have a hard time bouncing back quickly from an emotional setback. This study points to the same patterns in young bonobos.

 

Bonobos, which along with chimpanzees are humans' closest living relatives, can be quick with a sympathetic hug and quick to recover from their own stressful events. And they have their mothers to thank for it. That's the upshot of a new study of behavior among bonobos – primates that researchers have found to host remarkably humanlike abilities to empathize or to forgo aggression for cooperation in a society that gives females higher status than males.

 

In the past, studies of empathy and an ability to console others among bonobos have focused on who is giving and receiving comfort and under what circumstances, explains Frans de Waal, who heads the Living Links program at Emory University's Yerkes Primate National Research Center in Atlanta. The studies also have looked for parallels between bonobos and young children on these points.

 

 By             Pete Spotts,

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Empathy and Animals
International News and Information about Empathy and Compassion with, by and for Animals - for more see: CultureOfEmpathy.com
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To Empathy Cafe Magazine Front Page

To Empathy Cafe Magazine Front Page | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Empathy Cafe Magazine Front Page


Visit the individual magazines specifically for empathy and;

*   Main Page All
*   Animals
*   Art
*   Compassion

*   Compassionate Communications (NVC)

*   Curriculums
*   Education
*   Empaths

*   Empathy Quotes

*   Empathic Design - Empathy in Human-Centered Design (New!)
*   Health Care

*   Justice

*   Self-Empathy & Self-Compassion
*   Teaching - Learning
*   Work 

*   etc.


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Join us on Facebook Center for Building a Culture of Empathy
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Yawns are contagious in WOLVES

Yawns are contagious in WOLVES | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

By ELLIE ZOLFAGHARIFARD

Scientists observed 12 wolves' behaviour for 254 hours over the course of five months. The research by the Tama Zoological Park in Tokyo, Japan, suggests that empathy among animals is a common trait.


Even though the study involved a small number of wolves, researchers said the findings offer initial evidence that contagious yawning is linked to wolves' capacity for empathy.


Perhaps empathy is present in more species
than previously thought, said lead
author Teresa Romero, a researcher from
The University of Tokyo.




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Wolves Vulnerable to Contagious Yawning

Wolves Vulnerable to Contagious Yawning | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Contagious yawning in wolves give researchers a glimpse at the roots of empathy.


Still, these theories don’t totally explain one of the more fascinating aspects of yawning: When we see someone else yawn, our chances of yawning go way up.


The leading hypothesis among scientists, Romero says, is that this contagious yawning is related to empathy—meaning an empathetic person or animal will feel tired when he or she observes another individual looking tired.


(See “‘Contagious’ Yawning Occurs More Among Loved Ones.”)


 by Carrie Arnold

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Could Wolves Understand Empathy?

Could Wolves Understand Empathy? | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Could wolves feel empathy? A recent study published in the journal PLOS ONE shows that just like humans and other types of dogs, these creatures are also susceptible to yawn contagion.

With yawning contagion, scientists from the University of Tokyo, Japan, actually believe that these animals may be capable of understanding others in the pack.

Previous studies have shown that contagious yawning is experienced in domestic dogs who also witness their owners yawning.


However, up until now, scientists were uncertain of how the phenomenon rooted in the evolution of mammals or whether it evolved due to domestication.
For the

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DNews Video: Animal Empathy: Gorilla Cries Over Robin Williams

DNews Video: Animal Empathy: Gorilla Cries Over Robin Williams | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Are animals empathetic? World famous Koko the Gorilla, said to have mourned the death of comedic legend Robin Williams, reignites the debate over just how much empathy animals can muster, even across species

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Bonobo Monkeys Feel Empathy Too

Bonobo Monkeys Feel Empathy Too | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Results of a new study indicate that bonobo monkeys have very similar empathetic capabilities to humans.


Though empathy is something generally shared among humans, it is still up for debate whether or not other animals share this trait, and to what extent. Results of a new study indicate that bonobo monkeys have very similar empathetic capabilities to humans.


Although, unlike bonobos, we have a higher level of empathy towards individuals with whom we are close, such as family and friends.


The findings were published in the journal PeerJ.




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Human and Ape Empathy One and the Same

Human and Ape Empathy One and the Same | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Empathy is universal across different species, new research suggests. After comparing the "yawn contagion" effect between humans and bonobos, researchers found that having a relationship carries significantly greater weight in stirring empathy than belonging to the same species.


"Emotional contagion" is the most basic form
of empathy, the ability to experience feelings
of another individual.


"Emotional contagion" happens when feelings disclosed by facial expressions (for example sorrow, pain, happiness or tiredness) are passed from an "emitting face" to a "receiving face". Mirroring the sender's facial expression will trigger similar emotion in the recipient.


 The findings are published in the peer-reviewed journal PeerJ.

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Are Apes as Empathetic as Humans? | The Scientist Magazine®

Are Apes as Empathetic as Humans? | The Scientist Magazine® | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it
In the absence of complex emotional bonds, humans and bonobos show similar empathy, according to a study.


Contagious yawning has long been linked to empathy: humans and apes yawn more in response to the yawns of their kin and friends.


Now, scientists studying yawn contagion have shown that humans may not always be the most empathetic species. Their results, published today (August 12) in PeerJ, show that humans yawn more than bonobos only when close family and friends trigger the yawns. In the presence of mere acquaintances, however, humans and bonobos showed similar yawn sensitivity.


“It seems that the basal level of empathetic capacity is the same in the two species,” 


By Shreya Dasgupta 

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Is empathy in humans and apes actually different? | (e) Science News

Is empathy in humans and apes actually different? | (e) Science News | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Whether or not humans are the only empathic beings is still under debate. In a new study, researchers directly compared the 'yawn contagion' effect between humans and bonobos (our closest evolutionary cousins).....



In conclusion, this study suggests that differences in levels of emotional contagion between humans and bonobos are attributable to the quality of relationships shared by individuals.


When the complexity of social bonds, typical of humans, is not in play, 


Homo sapiens climb down the tree of empathy to go back to the understory which we share with our ape cousins.

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PUBLIC RELEASE: Is empathy in humans and apes actually different?

PUBLIC RELEASE: Is empathy in humans and apes actually different? | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Whether or not humans are the only empathic beings is still under debate. In a new study, researchers directly compared the 'yawn contagion' effect between humans and bonobos -- our closest evolutionary cousins.


By doing so they were able to directly compare the empathic abilities of ourselves with another species, and found that a close relationship between individuals is more important to their empathic response than the fact that individuals might be from the same species....


In conclusion, this study suggests that differences in levels of emotional contagion between humans and bonobos are attributable to the quality of relationships shared by individuals. When the complexity of social bonds, typical of humans, is not in play, Homo sapiens climb down the tree of empathy to go back to the understory which we share with our ape cousins.

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Virtual Cow Experiment Aims to Teach Empathy

Virtual Cow Experiment Aims to Teach Empathy | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it
Watch the video Virtual Cow Experiment Aims to Teach Empathy on Yahoo News .


Experiments are underway at Stanford University to determine if immersive technology can result in more empathy for the environment. As AP's Haven Daley explains, the research uses the latest in virtual reality equipment. (Aug. 14)

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The amazing emotional intelligence of our primate cousins

The amazing emotional intelligence of our primate cousins | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

by Danielle Radin

Gorillas cooperating to dismantle poachers's snares, altruistic, food sharing chimpanzees, grieving lemurs performing death rituals ... Danielle Radin finds an extraordinary emotional depth and capacity for empathy in our fellow primates.


These new findings suggest a level of empathy and social welfare amongst primates never before studied.

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Raven Empathy « Life « Science Today

Raven Empathy « Life  « Science Today | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it
New research shows that ravens may feel empathy.


Empathy, like many other traits, was long thought to be a human-specific feature. But recent research has revealed that animals from chimpanzees to dogs to rats can feel empathy.


Frans de Waal, PhD, one of the leading researchers in animal behavior and the author ofThe Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society, has said, "The possibility that empathy resides in parts of the brain so ancient that we share them with rats should give pause to anyone comparing politicians with those poor, underestimated creatures."


Last week, two Austrian researchers found evidence of empathetic behavior in another creature, ravens.

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Paws with Compassion: desire to alleviate suffering by offering open hearts and friendly paws

Paws with Compassion: desire to alleviate suffering by offering open hearts and friendly paws | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Paws with Compassion is a group of dedicated dogs and handlers who desire to alleviate suffering by offering open hearts and friendly paws.


Our varied backgrounds, experiences, and breeds enable us to engage with a broad population and address a variety of needs. We are proud to be the only therapy dog/K-9 crisis response group to require extensive, documented member training. Each team is interviewed and observed before joining Paws with Compassion. Once members, teams train and work regularly to maintain their skills.


Required training includes dog handling, canine body language, canine first aid, canine manners, therapy dog and crisis response dog handling, crisis intervention, crisis response, compassion fatigue, and appropriate response methods.

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Is Yawning Contagious Among Wolves, Too?

Is Yawning Contagious Among Wolves, Too? | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it
People do it. They see someone near them yawn and then they yawn too. But new research shows that yawning is contagious among animals, mainly wolves, as well.


Yawning in response to another yawn isn't exactly an emotional reaction, but their contagious nature has been "clinically, psychologically, neurobiologically, and behaviorally linked to our capacity for empathy," the study authors wrote in the journal PLOS ONE.


...Contagious yawning is also observed in dogs; although, they don't yawn in response to yawns from other dogs, but to yawns from people

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Wolves Feel Empathy? Yawning Study Suggests They Do

Wolves Feel Empathy? Yawning Study Suggests They Do | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it
Researchers looked at whether or not wolves caught yawns from each other.


On the basis of observational and experimental evidence, several authors have proposed that contagious yawn is linked to our capacity for empathy, thus presenting a powerful tool to explore the root of empathy in animal evolution," the researchers stated in their PLOS ONE tudy abstract.



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Despite the small sample size the results suggest contagious yawning may relate to the wolves' capacity for empathy; other animals may also have the same ability to experience empathy.

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Do all animals have empathy? | Discover Wildlife

Do all animals have empathy? | Discover Wildlife | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

But animals that are not so conspicuously brainy, from chickens to ants, show distinct physiological responses when members of their own species are in distress.


This might be hard to ascribe to anything other than hard-wired, instinctive behaviour. If that is indeed the case, then it could be that what we describe as empathy, even in humans, is simply the kind of behaviour that one expects natural selection to favour in social animals.

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Psychologist: Animal abusers often lack empathy

Psychologist: Animal abusers often lack empathy | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Clinical Psychologist and Mercer University Professor, Miranda Pratt , who has pets of her own, said animal abusers could be abused themselves or lack empathy.



Towards the other. And in some cases it's an active sadism of getting pleasure from inflicting pain," said Pratt.


She said it's important to teach empathy
at a young age.


If a child killed or tortured an animal, whether it's a frog or dog, Pratt said help teach them it's wrong. One way could be exposing them to nature and showing them the value of life
 

Elise Brown,
 

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The Kindness Of Strangers: Bonobos Are Just As Capable Of Empathy As We Are

The Kindness Of Strangers: Bonobos Are Just As Capable Of Empathy As We Are | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Empathy, according to Merriam-Webster, is "the feeling that you understand and share another person's experiences and emotions."


Though empathy is something which is (generally) shared among humans, there has been some contention over whether or not other animals share this trait, and to what extent.  


Recently, a study published in PeerJ explored
the empathy similarities between humans
and Bonobo monkeys.


Since cognitive empathy is far from quantitative, the researchers studied the most simplistic form of an emotional contagion: the yawn. 


By Lindsey Robertson


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Apes and Humans Share Same Empathy, Yawn Study Suggests

Apes and Humans Share Same Empathy, Yawn Study Suggests | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Empathy is universal across different species, new research suggests. After comparing the "yawn contagion" effect between humans and bonobos, researchers found that having a relationship carries significantly greater weight in stirring empathy than belonging to the same species...


"Emotional contagion" is the most basic form of empathy, the ability to experience feelings of another individual.


"Emotional contagion" happens when feelings disclosed by facial expressions (for example sorrow, pain, happiness or tiredness) are passed from an "emitting face" to a "receiving face". Mirroring the sender's facial expression will trigger similar emotion in the recipient.


CHRISTINE HSUCHRISTINE HSU

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Study finds empathy depends on relationships not species

Study finds empathy depends on relationships not species | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

New research indicates that humans may not be the only species that expresses empathy.


Elisabetta Palagi with the Natural History Museum at the University of Pisa in Italy and colleagues are the first to demonstrate both differences and similarities in a common empathetic response in both humans and bonobos.


The research was presented in the Aug. 12, 2014, edition of the journal PeerJ.


Paul Hamaker


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Contagious yawns are a sign of empathy

Contagious yawns are a sign of empathy | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it
Scientists from universities in Pisa, Parma and Rome found that the 'catching yawn' is caused by a need to share and understand the emotions and feelings of others.


  • Scientists from universities in Pisa, Parma and Rome found that the 'catching yawn' is caused by a need to understand the feelings of others
  • The 'emotional bridge’ created by yawning enhances social bonding
  • Study found a yawn is far more likely to spread among groups of friends
  • Human ability to feel empathy is far stronger between friends and relatives 
  • Yawns are also contagious in groups of apes, but don't signify friendship


By BEN SPENCER

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SPCA teaches animal empathy at summer camp in Victoria

SPCA teaches animal empathy at summer camp in Victoria | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

While the BCSPCA is well known for teaching animal care and safety at its youth camps, it’s hoping children will walk away with another important skill this summer — empathy.


The group’s Among Animals summer camp program, created last year, runs for a week and is open to ages six and seven.


“That’s the age when we really have to start teaching them about empathy,”


said Breeanna McDonald, camp co-ordinator. “They’re interested in animals, a lot of them have pets at home, but they haven’t started thinking about the animals’ point of view.”


by  Drew McLachlan -

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Susan Stillman's curator insight, August 10, 8:40 AM

It's a great idea that I hope is repeated everywhere!  Kindness to animals, and teaching kids to not abuse them is beyond critical. Animal abuse is heartbreaking. Teaching kids empathy saves lives. And,  as this story implies, it not only about empathy to animals but about learning to practice empathy in many different contexts.

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Dogs feel empathy for humans, study suggests

Dogs feel empathy for humans, study suggests | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

A recent study by UK researchers from Goldsmiths College in London suggests that dogs may be capable of empathy.


They set out to collect 18 untrained pet dogs and place a stranger and the dogs owner in different places. The owner and stranger would alternately express themselves vocally in various ways. 15 of the 18 dogs sought out the person making distressed sounds, even if it was the stranger(Garrett).


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this demonstrates that dogs are capable of exhibiting consolatory behavior, and thus, a degree of empathy in trying to comfort the sad person.
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Cathryn Wellner's curator insight, July 8, 11:56 AM

Dog owners have known this for a long time, but scientists are more careful naming things. 

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A man of compassion: Interview with Professor Marc Bekoff

A man of compassion: Interview with Professor Marc Bekoff | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

Expanding our compassion footprint to other animals as well as people is good for everyone, according to eminent ecologist and evolutionary biologist Professor Marc Bekoff.


The author of 25 books on animal behaviour and emotions spoke with Katrina Fox via Skype on the eve of his trip to Australia to speak on a panel organised by the University of Technology Sydney’s Centre for Compassionate Conservation.\


 Cull & Contain
or Compassion?
 


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Dogs in classroom helping students learn empathy

Dogs in classroom helping students learn empathy | Empathy and Animals | Scoop.it

The concept is pretty simple: bring kind rescue dogs into classrooms to help kids learn empathy and pique their interest in difficult subject matter. But the effects are profound.


“Our 5th grade children, I would say their demeanor has changed as a direct result of the compassion they have learned to show to an animal they know was a rescue animal,” Royall Elementary School principal Julie Smith said.


“Even for my toughest kids, the most street savvy, it almost physically transforms them into a child with empathy. "

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