Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders - Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals
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Maximizing exposure therapy: An inhibitory learning approach

Maximizing exposure therapy: An inhibitory learning approach | Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders -  Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals | Scoop.it
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Una revisió de la Dra. Craske (una de les majors expertes en aquest camp) amb alguns suggeriments sobre com enfortir la teràpia d'exposició i d'explicación de quins són els possibles mecanismes pels quals funciona aquest procediment d'intervenció. Tot plegat, basant-se en certes troballes de la recerca bàsica i de la neurociència. Com Déu mana.

 

Abstract. Exposure therapy is an effective approach for treating anxiety disorders, although a substantial number of individuals fail to benefit or experience a return of fear after treatment. Research suggests that anxious individuals show deficits in the mechanisms believed to underlie exposure therapy, such as inhibitory learning. Targeting these processes may help improve the efficacy of exposure-based procedures. Although evidence supports an inhibitory learning model of extinction, there has been little discussion of how to implement this model in clinical practice. The primary aim of this paper is to provide examples to clinicians for how to apply this model to optimize exposure therapy with anxious clients, in ways that distinguish it from a ‘fear habituation’ approach and ‘belief disconfirmation’ approach within standard cognitive-behavior therapy. Exposure optimization strategies include 1) expectancy violation, 2) deepened extinction, 3) occasional reinforced extinction, 4) removal of safety signals, 5) variability, 6) retrieval cues, 7) multiple contexts, and 8) affect labeling. Case studies illustrate methods of applying these techniques with a variety of anxiety disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, social phobia, specific phobia, and panic disorder.

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Spontaneous EEG activity and spontaneous emotion regulation

Spontaneous EEG activity and spontaneous emotion regulation | Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders -  Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals | Scoop.it
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We have recently reported in the International Journal of Psychophysiology (Tortella-Feliu, M., Morillas-Romero, A, Balle, M., Llabrés, Bornas, X., & Putman, P.)  that lower spontaneous parietal δ/β ratio, a relative predominance of EEG fast waves over slow wave, appeared to be predictive of a more efficient spontaneous emotion regulation when facing unpleasant stimuli as well as to rate less discomfort after being exposed to these kind of stimuli. Higher spontaneous frontal α activity was the only predictor of faster recovery from discomfort elicited by normative neutral pictures.

We consider that these results add to previous literature reporting that spontaneous EEG measures beyond frontal α band power – as is the case of β band power, parietal locations, and δ/β ratio – could be of interest in exploring individual differences in spontaneous emotional down-regulation which has been considered a key factor in understanding why some individuals are prone to engaging in maladaptive emotion regulation styles.

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Psychological treatments: A call for mental-health science

Psychological treatments: A call for mental-health science | Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders -  Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals | Scoop.it
Clinicians and neuroscientists must work together to understand and improve psychological treatments, urge Emily A. Holmes, Michelle G. Craske and Ann M.
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El problema resumit en un paràgraf de l'article: Part of the problem is that for many people, psychological treatments still conjure up notions of couches and quasi-mystical experiences. That evidence-based psychological treatments target processes of learning, emotion regulation and habit formation is not clear to some neuroscientists and cell biologists. In our experience, many even challenge the idea of clinical psychology as a science and many are unaware of its evidence base. Equally, laboratory science can seem abstract and remote to clinicians working with patients with extreme emotional distress and behavioural dysfunction".

 

I tres propostes per avançar cap a aquestea ciència de la salut mental basada en la col·laboració entre neurociència i pràctica clínica:

(a) Uncover the mechanisms of existing psychological treatments.

(b) Optimize psychological treatments and generate new ones.

(c) Forge links between clinical and laboratory researchers.

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Cognitive Bias Modification Techniques: Current Findings and Future Challenges

Cognitive Bias Modification Techniques: Current Findings and Future Challenges | Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders -  Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals | Scoop.it

Editorial for the Special Issue (Woud & Becker): At the time of writing (December, 2013), a search for cognitive bias modification (CBM) in SCOPUS yields 113 results. Tellingly, the earliest of the articles found by this rather crude search appear in 2009, clustering around the special issue on CBM in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology that year (Koster et al. 2009). While the term CBM had been used in the literature prior to this, and in fact research into CBM (albeit not always using this exact term) had been steadily gathering momentum since the first studies were published in 2000, there has clearly been an explosion in research on CBM in the years since. What has happened in this period? Over the past 4 years, CBM research has been on an exciting journey, with many twists and turns, ups and downs. This special issue seeks to provide an overview of this journey, and a glimpse of the road-or roads-ahead. But where to begin? The journey did not start in 2009, nor even a decade earlier when the dominant CBM paradigms were first described. To fully make sense of this journey, and all the twists in this travellers’ tale, we must go back further still (...)

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Un monogràfic sobre les tècniques adreçades a la modificació de biaixos cognitius (atencionals. de memòria, d'interpretació). Unes eines terapèutiques relativament noves de les quals encara no en sabem gaire cosa quant a la seva eficàcia i utilitat clínica.

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Emotion-regulation strategies across psychopathology: A meta-analytic review

Emotion-regulation strategies across psychopathology: A meta-analytic review | Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders -  Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals | Scoop.it
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Abstract: We examined the relationships between six emotion-regulation strategies (acceptance, avoidance, problem solving, reappraisal, rumination, and suppression) and symptoms of four psychopathologies (anxiety, depression, eating, and substance-related disorders). We combined 241 effect sizes from 114 studies that examined the relationships between dispositional emotion regulation and psychopathology. We focused on dispositional emotion regulation in order to assess patterns of responding to emotion over time. First, we examined the relationship between each regulatory strategy and psychopathology across the four disorders. We found a large effect size for rumination, medium to large for avoidance, problem solving, and suppression, and small to medium for reappraisal and acceptance. These results are surprising, given the prominence of reappraisal and acceptance in treatment models, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and acceptance-based treatments, respectively. Second, we examined the relationship between each regulatory strategy and each of the four psychopathology groups. We found that internalizing disorders were more consistently associated with regulatory strategies than externalizing disorders. Lastly, many of our analyses showed that whether the sample came from a clinical or normative population significantly moderated the relationships. This finding underscores the importance of adopting a multi-sample approach to the study of psychopathology.

 

Tot un clàssic en què es destaca la importància de les estratègies de regulació emocional negatives / autofocalitzades (ruminació, supressió...) a diferents trastorns psicopatològics internalitzants i el poc impacte de les suposadament positives (acceptació, reavaluació...).

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MooDFOOD research project

MooDFOOD research project | Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders -  Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals | Scoop.it

We ar

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Follow the MoodFood research project on the potential role of nutrition and food-related behaviours in the prevention of depression

We are just now starting to actively work on it!

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Spontaneous Emotion Regulation and Attentional Control

Spontaneous Emotion Regulation and Attentional Control | Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders -  Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals | Scoop.it
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One of our last papers (Morillas-Romero, A., Tortella-Feliu, M., Balle, M., & Bornas, X., 2014)  stating that noth higher self-reported attentional control and lower executive control network functioning (i.e., greater interference) predict a faster spontaneous emotional downregulation after exposure to affectively neutral pictures.

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▶ Emotional Life of Your Brain, Richard J. Davidson and Sharon Begley - 9781594630897 - YouTube

This first and long-awaited book by a distinguished pioneer in brain research offers a new model of our emotions—their origins, their power, and their mallea...
miquel tortella-feliu's insight:

Un llibre de divulgació gairebé imprescindible per a les persones interessades en les diferències individuals i les emocions. El Dr. Davidson, una autoritat mundial en el tema dels estils afectius i les seves bases neurobiològiques, es resumeix alguns dels aspectes més rellevants de la seva recerca i les peripècies personals que hi ha darrera tot plegat. Altament recomanable.

També el teniu disponible en traducció catalana (no massa bona, per cert): El perfil emocional del teu cervell. Barcelona: Destino, 2012. ISBN: 9788497102179

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Mechanisms of attentional biases towards threat in anxiety disorders: An integrative review

Mechanisms of attentional biases towards threat in anxiety disorders: An integrative review | Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders -  Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals | Scoop.it
miquel tortella-feliu's insight:

Una magnífica revisió sobre els biaixos atencional cap a l'amenaça als trastorns d'ansietat en què s'apunta que poden ser el resultat de dificultats atencionals més bàsiques relacionades amb els problemes de desimplicació atencional d'estímuls no rellevants per a la tasca.

Abstract: A wealth of research demonstrates attentional biases toward threat in the anxiety disorders. Several models have been advanced to explain these biases in anxiety, yet the mechanisms comprising and mediating the biases remain unclear. In the present article, we review evidence regarding the mechanisms of attentional biases through careful examination of the components of attentional bias, the mechanisms underlying these components, and the stage of information processing during which the biases occur. Facilitated attention, difficulty in disengagement, and attentional avoidance comprise the components of attentional bias. A threat detection mechanism likely underlies facilitated attention, a process that may be neurally centered around the amygdala. Attentional control ability likely underlies difficulty in disengagement, emotion regulation goals likely underlie attentional avoidance, and both of these processes may be neurally centered around prefrontal cortex functioning. The threat detection mechanism may be a mostly automatic process, attentional avoidance may be a mostly strategic process, and difficulty in disengagement may be a mixture of automatic and strategic processing. Recommendations for future research are discussed.

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Attentional control, attentional network functioning, and emotion regulation styles

Attentional control, attentional network functioning, and emotion regulation styles | Papers on Emotion regulation and Emotional disorders -  Articles sobre Regulació emocional i trastorns emocionals | Scoop.it
(2014). Attentional control, attentional network functioning, and emotion regulation styles. Cognition and Emotion: Vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 769-780. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2013.860889

Attentional network functioning in emotionally neutral conditions and self-reported attentional control (AC) were analysed as predictors of the tendency to engage in dysfunctional emotion regulation strategies. Diminished attentional orienting predicted an increased tendency to engage in brooding rumination, and enhanced alertness predicted a greater chance of suppression, beyond trait anxiety and self-reported AC, which were not predictive of either rumination or suppression. This is the first study to show that some forms of dysfunctional emotion regulation are related to the attentional network functioning in emotionally neutral conditions. Results are discussed in relation to regulatory temperament and anxiety-related attentional biases literature

 

miquel tortella-feliu's insight:

One new paper from our research group. To our knowledge, the first one relating emotion regulation styles with attentional network functioning. Enjoy it!

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