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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypte: funérailles des cinq chrétiens coptes tués lors d'affrontements entre musulmans et coptes

Egypte: funérailles des cinq chrétiens coptes tués lors d'affrontements entre musulmans et coptes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Par Alexandre Buccianti / RFI

Khoussous est la première grande épreuve à laquelle le pape Tawadros est confronté. Un pape copte orthodoxe que l’on dit moins conciliant que son prédécesseur Chénouda III. Va-t-il se contenter de ces arrangements forcés où les chrétiens victimes d’agressions se réconcilient avec leurs agresseurs musulmans ?

Une chose est sûre : les dix millions de chrétiens d’Egypte sont de moins en moins disposés à subir les exactions qui se sont multipliées depuis la victoire des islamistes aux législatives de 2012 et l’arrivée du président Mohamad Morsi au pouvoir.

Il ne se passe pratiquement pas une semaine sans qu’une église soit attaquée ou des chrétiens agressés à cause de leur religion. Un climat d’intolérance populaire renforcé par les médias proches du pouvoir islamiste.


Plus : http://www.rfi.fr/afrique/20130407-egypte-funerailles-cinq-chretiens-coptes-tues-lors-affrontements-confessionnels

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Religious Freedom in Egypt? Ask the Sphinx

Religious Freedom in Egypt? Ask the Sphinx | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt and the other countries in the Mideast will never be stable, much less democratic, if they murder their neighbors who worship differently.

 

If you follow the annual reports of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF), you will read a sad catalog of persecution and discrimination against Christians, Jews and members of other religions around the world.(...)

 

But North Korea is at least recognized as a rogue state, an enemy of human rights and a threat to world peace. The USCIRF report for 2012 has documented troubling developments in Egypt. There was much excitement in the Western media over the toppling first of the dictator in Tunisia, followed by the Feb. 2011 ouster of longtime Egyptian strongman Hosni Mubarak. Journalists hailed these events as a new "Arab Spring." (...)

 

 

 

More on:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ken-blackwell/egypt-religious-freedom_b_2897860.html?utm_hp_ref=foreign-affairs



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L'enlèvement des jeunes filles coptes

L'enlèvement des jeunes filles coptes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Dans la semaine précédant l’évènement, la rumeur  circulait au sujet d’une femme musulmane de la ville de Kom Ombo  dans le  sud égyptien qui aurait été convertie de force au christianisme. Une horde de musulmans s’est alors senti obligée de fomenter une émeute en lançant des attaques à la bombe incendiaire contre le  local de l’église chrétienne copte de la ville.

 

 Le fait qu’une femme musulmane de 36 ans, portée disparue, fut contrainte de se convertir au christianisme et était retenue contre son gré dans l’église Mar Gogis, – la plus grande église copte de Kom Ombo – n’était fondé que sur des suppositions.   Mais cette transgression était apparue flagrante et suffisante pour déclencher les émeutes dans la ville, suffisante pour inciter des centaines de musulmans locaux à  cerner l’église pendant trois jours et à l’assaillir à coups de cocktails Molotov et de pierres, une mêlée qui a provoqué des blessures  chez  des dizaines de chrétiens et de policiers  égyptiens.

 

Bien sûr, il convient de noter que les coptes, qui représentent 10 pour cent de la population égyptienne, sont habitués à subir la colère musulmane, eux qui ont vu au cours des années récentes plusieurs dizaines de leurs églises régulièrement attaquées et incendiées.

 

En fait, la rage musulmane contre les églises coptes et leurs paroissiens dépasse  largement les frontières égyptiennes, comme en témoigne la récente attaque armée contre une église copte égyptienne dans la ville libyenne de Benghazi durant laquelle deux prêtres furent blessés. Cette agression avait été précédée  par l’arrestation à Benghazi de près de 50 chrétiens égyptiens soupçonnés de prosélytisme. Pendant leur détention les chrétiens avaient été torturés et leurs croix tatouées sur la peau brûlées avec de l’acide.

 

Néanmoins, la fureur de Kom Ombo s’était dissipée  quelque peu lorsque la femme disparue, était réapparue au sein de sa famille, où, selon un responsable de la police égyptienne, il fut constaté qu’elle n’avait pas été victime d’une conversion forcée mais avait disparu pour « des raisons sociales et familiales « 

 

Pourtant, tandis que la rumeur de la conversion forcée se révèle être un faux, la réalité  des vrais enlèvements  pratiqués  par des musulmans égyptiens qui poussent des jeunes femmes coptes à des  conversions forcées à l’islam ne fait que  se confirmer. 

 

Bien que cette pratique soit la plaie dont souffre la communauté copte d’Égypte depuis des décennies, le nombre de ces cas d’enlèvement, sans surprise, a considérablement augmenté depuis janvier 2011 date de l’éviction du président égyptien Hosni Moubarak.

 

Dans un rapport de 2012 commandé par Solidarité Chrétienne Internationale et  intitulé Tell My Mother I Miss Her  (‘Dis à ma mère qu’elle me manque’) et co-écrit par Michele Clark professeur à l’Université George Washington et par Nadia Ghaly, militante copte des droits de l’homme,  500 cas de femmes coptes enlevées et converties de force à l’islam ont été signalés.

 

Les cas de jeunes femmes et de jeunes filles qui ont eu la chance d’échapper à leurs ravisseurs, ont été décrits dans leur  froide horreur  par l’un des auteurs du rapport CSI devant une commission du Congrès américain en Juillet 2012: (...)

 

Plus: http://www.europe-israel.org/2013/03/lenlevement-des-jeunes-filles-coptes/

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Persécutés, les minorités chrétiennes attendent le résultat du conclave (vidéo)

Persécutés, les minorités chrétiennes attendent le résultat du conclave (vidéo) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

La lutte contre la persécution des chrétiens à travers le monde sera sans nul doute l’un des défis à relever pour le futur pape. En Egypte, euronews est allé à la rencontre de cette communauté stigmatisée par un gouvernement issu de la mouvance islamiste.

Au Caire il fut un temps où les religions cohabitaient sans difficulté, comme le rappel ce musulman : “J’ai 65 ans. A l‘époque les chrétiens vivaient avec nous, c‘étaient nos voisins Si vous regardez mon téléphone vous verrez que mes amis sont en majorité chrétiens. Quand je vois qu’ils ont des problèmes je ne veux pas les laisser seuls. S’ils voyaient ma maison brûler ils ne m’abandonneraient pas. Nous sommes interdépendants depuis des lustres.”

L’Egypte, l’Irak ou encore plusieurs pays d’Afrique du nord voient leurs minorités chrétiennes pesécutées. Inacceptable pour ce Egyptien chrétien :
“Nous espérons que le prochain pape prendra soin des Chrétiens de l’Orient et de leur souffrance. J’attends de lui qu’il unisse toutes les Eglises en Egypte, en Grèce et ailleurs durant son pontificat.”

 

 Rome, en marge du conclave, l’archevêque italien Salvatore Rino Fisichella reconnait qu’il faut agir. “Les religions ne peuvent être vécues dans la violence, ce n’est pas leur nature. Il faut donc assumer une responsabilité très forte pour que les chrétiens ne soient pas persecutés à la limite du martyre, pour qu’ils ne soient pas exposés à de nouvelles formes de persécution telles que la dérision, la marginalisation, ou la discrimination.”

 

http://fr.euronews.com/2013/03/13/persecutes-les-minorites-chretiennes-attendent-le-resultat-du-conclave/

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Le Qatar renforce les courants religieux pour affaiblir la Tunisie et l'Egypte

Le Qatar renforce les courants religieux pour affaiblir la Tunisie et l'Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Nawal Saadaoui a déclaré dans une interview à Mosaique FM , que les Etats –Unis et Israël étaient surpris par le printemps arabe et qu'ils veulent, par le biais du Qatar ,avorter les révolutions surtout en Tunisie et en Egypte .

L'écrivaine égyptienne , qui a défendu pendant des décennies , les droits de la femme arabe ,a souligné que les courants religieux , qui ont pris le pouvoir à la faveur des révolutions arabes , continuent à réprimer les femmes et peuples arabes, comme s'il n'y avait pas de révolution .

Saadaoui a mis en garde contre l'agenda américano-israélien , exécuté par le Qatar , qui vise à affaiblir la Tunisie et l'Egypte en renforçant les courants salafistes qui ne font qu'attiser les dissensions et instaurer la violence .

Elle a accusé les frères musulmans en Egypte de se conformer aux directives américaines, comme au temps de Sadate et de Moubarek .

 

http://www.africanmanager.com/148197.html

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Unofficial 'morality police' launches in Egypt

Unofficial 'morality police' launches in Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

An unofficial Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice announced its existence at a press conference in Cairo on Thursday.

 

Founder Hisham El-Ashri said the committee would seek to implement Islamic Sharia law without resorting to violence.

The committee has no intention of copying the aggressive approaches of such committees in other countries, El-Ashri said.

"We have absolutely no relationship with the 'morality' committees in Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Somalia or Nigeria," he claimed. "We will only offer advice to those who want to listen.
"We shall have no business with people who refuse to listen to us," El-Ashri added.

Many violent incidents in Egypt have been attributed to self-proclaimed Islamic morality committees since Egypt's revolution in 2011.

In March 2011, a group of alleged Salafists in Qena, Upper Egypt severed the ear of a Coptic Christian man and set his car ablaze for allegedly renting an apartment to two Muslim women, who they claimed were prostitutes.

In July 2012, 20-year-old engineering student Ahmed Said was stabbed to death by bearded men in the Suez Canal city of Suez while walking with his fiancée.

Such crimes, El-Ashri said, have nothing to do with his committee.

El-Ashri said the committee would not target nightclubs because "only the state is responsible for them."

 

 

More on: http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=23d7d241-e4e1-4952-8310-ea7be959c106

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Call for papers : “The Impact of the Arab Spring on the Study of Islam”

Call for papers : “The Impact of the Arab Spring on the Study of Islam” | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Bulletin for the Study of Religion invites submissions of 3,000 to 4,000 words for a special issue addressing the impact of the Arab Spring on the academic study of Islam. We are particularly interested in articles that reflect on such topics as the role of the scholar as public intellectual, the impact on pedagogy, as well as cultural and political analyses of Islamic communities both within and outside of the Middle East. Articles should strive to apply theoretical analysis to the topic, rather than take a normative political or theological stance (though including personal reflections from classroom or institutional experiences are certainly welcome). Queries should be sent to the editors, Philip Tite (philip.tite@mail.mcgill.ca) and Kelly Baker (kbaker27@utk.edu). Online submissions and guidelines: http://www.equinoxpub.com/bulletin/ Deadline for submissions: August 1, 2013.

https://www.equinoxpub.com/blog/2013/02/second-call-for-papers-the-impact-of-the-arab-spring-on-the-study-of-islam/

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Egyptian Arabic Booker winner faces blasphemy charges

Egyptian Arabic Booker winner faces blasphemy charges | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egyptian Arabic Booker prize winner Youssef Zeidan, the author of Azazil, is facing charges of blasphemy and contempt of Islam, Christianity and Judaism for his book The Arabic Theology.

 

Zeidan was summoned to appear in front of the High State Security Prosecutor last week.

The official memo notifying Zeidan of the investigation was very stern and did not include any details, only the case number 686, Zeidan said via Facebook.

The case was brought by the Islamic Research Institute (IRI) and 11 Coptic organisations, claiming Zeidan had scorned Christianity and mocked the doctrine of the trinity, which is at  the core of Christian belief. The IRI also accused Zeidan of sparking sectarian strife and encouraging religious extremism.

Zeidan went to State Security Prosecution headquarters in New Cairo and was released shortly afterwards. He was granted one month to respond to the complaints.

The investigation will resume next month after he responds to the IRI report, “unless there’s another thing from the past they want to use against me,” Zeidan added.

The Arabic Theology was published in 2010 by Shorouk. Zeidan tracked the relationship between man and God within the three monotheistic religions. Zeidan said the three religions sprang from one substance even though their differences are plain. (Ahram Online)

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Campaigners call for counseling sessions for converts to Islam

Campaigners call for counseling sessions for converts to Islam | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

In recent years, Egypt has witnessed an increase in cases of disappearance among Coptic girls. According to the Association of Victims of Abduction and Enforced Disappearances (AVAED), 500 cases were reported in 2012 and 10 already in January 2013.

 

 

In many cases, members of the Salafist movement declare that the disappeared girl has converted to Islam and married a Muslim man. Her family would be asked to stop searching for her despite that in many cases the girl would be underage and should enjoy protected rights under Egyptian law and the international Convention on the Rights of the Child.

In the case of the disappearance of Sara Abdel-Malik, who came to be known as the ''Dabaa girl," a 13-year-old girl was reportedly kidnapped in Matrouh last September. Several Salafists said Abdel-Malek was not kidnapped but that she made a decision to convert to Islam and marry. While her family considered her abducted, especially as she is underage, several Salafists argued she was mature enough to make life decisions and refused that she be returned to her family.

Such cases have Coptic activists worried about the state and future of religious freedoms in Egypt, especially after Sharia (Islamic law) has moved to the centre of public debate and taken a more prominent positition in Egypt's constitution. (Ahram Online)

 

More : http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/65094/Egypt/Politics-/Campaigners-call-for-counseling-sessions-for-conve.aspx

 

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"Menteurs au nom de la religion"

فيديو سريع عن عنف الداخلية بمحافظات عدة...اوسعونا وعودا بأنهم يعملون لمصلحة المصري والثورة و لكنهم #كاذبون_بسم_الدين فقد زادت الداخلية توحش و همجية و ضاغ حلم...
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Where Will Egypt’s “Sunday People” Go

Where Will Egypt’s “Sunday People” Go | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Like most human beings, I have a keen interest in the affairs of the Middle East and nations in the surrounding region, such as Libya and Egypt.  

 

A few days ago a chilling video appeared on BBC’s website, relating the story of a Coptic Christian man, Victor Schata-Michael, who had fled Egypt with his wife and children because of religious persecution. Schata-Michael was desperate to save his family from dangers that increasingly threaten Egypt’s Coptic community, comprised of 8-10 million Christians.

 

Schata-Michael was unable to afford airplane tickets, lawyers and sponsorship in faraway countries like the US. Instead, he opted to hand over what little money he had and his passports to a friend, who returned them later – with Russian visas.

 

The family arrived in Russia in the midst of Moscow’s sub-zero winter. They slept in an underground pedestrian walkway; they had no winter clothes and no one to take them in. Later, they were permitted to sleep on the floor of the immigration office although they have not yet been approved for asylum. Yet Schata-Michael expresses hope for a better life.

 

His fragile optimism bears witness to the perilous conditions faced by Egypt’s Christians – since the start of the “Arab Spring” turmoil until now – as Mahmoud Morsi’s Islamist regime steadily tightens the grip of the Muslim Brotherhood’s iron fist. Examples abound.(...)

 

Egypt’s neighbor Israel warily watches the ongoing strife in Egypt. There are, of course, worries about security, including the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. But there are other concerns – of a more personal nature. 

 

Between 1948 and 1970, between 80,000 and 100,000 Jews were expelled from Egypt – their properties and funds confiscated, their passports seized and destroyed. They left, stateless, with little more than the shirts on their backs to show for centuries of Egyptian citizenship.

 

As Israelis observe the ongoing abuse of Christians in Egypt, they recall the Islamist slogan, “First the Saturday People, then the Sunday People” – a specific reference to the cleansing of Jews and Christians from would-be pan-Islamic lands.

 

Virtually no Jews remain in Egypt. And today, hundreds of thousands of Copts have already fled – those able to afford airfare and lawyers have sought asylum in the US and Canada.  As for the others – those like Victor Schata-Michael – the options are few and frought with danger.

 

More on: http://www.patheos.com/blogs/philosophicalfragments/2013/02/21/christian-sunday-people-cleansed-egypt-lela-gilbert/

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Et si Dieu était mort depuis longtemps en Afrique?

Et si Dieu était mort depuis longtemps en Afrique? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Alors que le pape Benoît XVI vient d'annoncer sa démission, en Afrique et dans les diasporas africaines, athéistes, agnostiques, sceptiques ou même simples «curieux» remettent en question la parole divine.

Faut-il croire les récits qui, depuis les premiers missionnaires blancs jusqu’au pape Benoît XVI, nous présentent l’Afrique comme un puits de spiritualité intarissable? Le continent est-il un réservoir de fidèles, le poumon de l’Eglise, une terre incorrigiblement religieuse…? (....)

Issus de familles croyantes —musulmanes, chrétiennes ou animistes— ils se sont détournés de l’invisible. Eux, ce sont ces hommes et ces femmes qui ne croient pas en Dieu ou doutent de son existence. De plus en plus nombreux, ils prouvent que, non, les Africains ne sont pas tous religieux.(...)


«C’était ma dernière prière»

Pour Amira (le nom a été changé), une Egypto-Américaine se définissant comme libre penseuse, le changement a été plus radical.

Adolescente, la jeune femme ne manquait jamais une seule prière. Mais à l’université, elle se met à enfreindre les lois religieuses du cocon familial.

Amira a 23 ans. Elle consomme de l’alcool, ne porte pas le voile, est découverte par sa sœur sur le point d’embrasser un homme, puis par sa mère, une fois, deux fois, trois fois. Les garçons, les fêtes, le scepticisme religieux qui l’assaille… lorsqu’elle parle de son athéisme, Amira n’arrive pas à le distinguer de son mode de vie «occidental». (...)

En Egypte, les athéistes ne sont pas inclus dans les statistiques officielles. Ils n’existent pas, ou presque. Se révéler lorsque l’on n’est pas censé exister, c’est prendre le risque d’énerver du monde. Le blogueur athéiste Kareem Amer en sait quelque chose, lui qui avait été condamné en 2007 à trois ans de prison pour insulte à l’islam.

Mais, même au pays de Mohammed Morsi, la question de l’incroyance est de plus en plus présente dans la sphère publique. Comble de l’audace, un film au titre évocateur, L’Athéiste, s’est récemment faufilé entre les mailles de la censure égyptienne. 

 

 

Plus: http://www.slateafrique.com/103275/religions-afrique-tuera-dieu

 

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Egypte: El Tayeb critique la confiscation par l'occident des libertés des citoyens musulmans

Egypte: El Tayeb critique la confiscation par l'occident des libertés des citoyens musulmans | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Grand Imam d'Al Azhar, cheikh Ahmed El Tayeb, a critique la confiscation par l'Occident des libertés individuelles et collectives des citoyens musulmans, dans certains pays d'Europe.

Il a exprimé son étonnement du comportement d'une grande puissance européennes en termes de voile islamique et d'odhiya (bête que l'on sacrifie à l'occasion de l'Aid Al-Adha), lequel contredit la Charte internationale des droits de l'Homme.

Cheikh El Tayeb a tenu des propos en ce sens lors d'une rencontre mercredi avec la ministre d'Etat britannique aux affaires de la Foi et des Collectivités, Sayeeda Hussain Warsi.

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Grand Mufti and UNESCO meet in Cairo

Grand Mufti and UNESCO meet in Cairo | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Daily News Egypt

 

The Grand Mufti of Egypt, Dr Shawky Allam, met with Katalin Bogyay, head of the UNESCO General Assembly, and Dr Peter Kveck, the Hungarian ambassador, in Egypt.

Dr Allam stressed the importance of maintaining a dialogue between different religions and cultures. He explained that communication should stem from the admission of identity and cultural singularity, and not follow one dominant culture.

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/19/grand-mufti-and-unesco-meet-in-cairo/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+DailyNewsEgypt+%28Daily+News+Egypt%29

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"Religio Duplex : Comment les Lumières ont réinventé la religion des Egyptiens", par Jan Assmann

"Religio Duplex : Comment les Lumières ont réinventé la religion des Egyptiens", par Jan Assmann | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Présentation de l'ouvrage

Les cultes égyptiens ont fasciné les hommes des Lumières. S'appuyant sur des sources grecques tardives, certains ont cru y déceler la trace d'une religion double : parallèlement au culte polythéiste partagé par tous aurait existé une religion monothéiste, réservée aux initiés. Au XVIIIe siècle, les sociétés secrètes, notamment franc-maçonnes, où s'organisait le culte de la raison dans une Europe soumise au joug de l'absolutisme politique et de l'orthodoxie chrétienne, ont puisé dans les cultes à mystères une source d'inspiration et le modèle de leur propre fonctionnement. Centrant son analyse sur la conception d'une religion à deux niveaux, religio duplex, Jan Assmann en montre l'élaboration et les prolongements jusqu'à l'époque contemporaine, où elle permet de penser l'articulation entre les traditions religieuses particulières et une religion universelle. Il offre ainsi une réflexion virtuose et extraordinairement féconde sur les racines de notre culture moderne qui, en bien des manières et même indirectement, plongent jusque dans la civilisation de l'Egypte ancienne.

Aubier, 2013, 412 pages


*********************************

 

"Dans ce livre virtuose et lumineux, Jan Assmann explore le concept de religio duplex, 'religion double ', dont il fait un concept opératoire fondamental dans l'histoire desreligions. Le concept de religio duplex est élaboré à l'époque des Lumières. Au départ, il sert à désigner la coexistence dans l'Égypte ancienne d'une religion exotérique, polythéiste, pratiquée par tous, et d'une religion ésotérique, monothéiste, réservée aux seuls initiés. 
Les sociétés secrètes de l'Europe des Lumières, notamment la franc-maçonnerie, s'inspirent de cette religion ésotérique égyptienne. Dans les dernières décennies du XVIIIe siècle, la religio duplex reçoit une interprétation radicalement nouvelle : la distinction n'est plus entre religion exotérique et religion ésotérique, mais entre religion particulière et religion universelle. Tout être humain possède deux religions ; comme juif, musulman ou chrétien, une religion particulière, révélée dans une Écriture Sainte, et comme être humain, une religion universelle, révélée dans la nature et la simple raison. 
En ce sens, la religio duplex permet de penser notre époque où les cultures, et donc les religions de la terre se sont rapprochées d'une façon qui ne permet à aucune d'entre elles de se comprendre comme la seule en possession de vérités absolues et universelles. Dans notremonde globalisé, la religion n'a de place que comme une religion à deux niveaux, où chaque religion particulière s'articule à un universel ; pour Assmann, la version moderne de cette religion universelle chère auxphilosophes des Lumières s'incarne dans les 'droits de l'homme."(Evene)

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"The History and Religious Heritage of Old Cairo : Its Fortress, Churches, Synagogue, and Mosque", edited by Carolyn Ludwig and Morris Jackson

"The History and Religious Heritage of Old Cairo : Its Fortress, Churches, Synagogue, and Mosque", edited by Carolyn Ludwig and Morris Jackson | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

A celebration of the history of religious life in the early Egyptian capital, in text and pictures 

Just to the south of modern Cairo stands the historic enclave known as Old Cairo, which grew up in and around the Roman fortress of Babylon, and which today hosts a unique collection of monuments that attest to the shared cultural heritage of ancient Egyptians, Christians, Jews, and Muslims. In this lavishly illustrated celebration of a very special place, renowned photographer Sherif Sonbol’s remarkable images of the fortress, churches, synagogue, and mosque illuminate the living fabric of the ancient and medieval stones, while the text describes the history of Old Cairo from the time of the ancient Egyptians and the Romans to the founding of the first Muslim city of al-Fustat, focusing on the Jewish history of the area (exploring the famous Genizah documents found in the Ben Ezra Synagogue that tell so much about everyday life in medieval Egypt), the early Coptic Christian churches, some of the oldest in the world, and the arrival of the Muslims in the seventh century, their establishment of al-Fustat on the edge of Old Cairo, and the building of the oldest mosque in Africa.

 

The American University in Cairo Press, march 2013, 336 p.

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Muslim, Christian musicians seek to deliver message of tolerance 

Muslim, Christian musicians seek to deliver message of tolerance  | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egyptian music band "I am Egyptian" aims to make their message heard for religious tolerance.

The music band "I am Egyptian", comprised of Christian and Muslim musicians, aims at spreading a message of religious tolerance and "acceptance of the other" among the Egyptians with the songs they compose. 

The group's lead song, which is named after the band, starts with the lyrics "Muslim, Christian, farmer, I am Egyptian, I am from Sinai, I am from Arish, I am Egyptian," and it is an eastern-western operatic crossover advocating the idea that Egyptians are equal no matter which religion and community they belong to.

Group's Mirvan Iskender told The Anadolu Agency they brought Coptic hymns and Sufi tunes together in their songs.  

"We are the first music band that has combined opera music with eastern music. The band has produced a new style by blending Coptic hymns, Sufi melodies and opera music. We have started to get different messages across following the country's situation after the January 25, 2011 revolution," said band member Ranya el-Adevi, an opera singer. 

Adevi said as Muslims and Copts they faced many problems such as train accidents and harassments, and they tried to bring up these issues in a way that people could understand. 

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Aubry décline une conférence de musulmans, "choquée" par l'un des invités (d'Egypte)

Aubry décline une conférence de musulmans, "choquée" par l'un des invités  (d'Egypte) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Martine Aubry a décliné vendredi l'invitation de la Ligue islamique à assister à une conférence des musulmans du Nord samedi. Le problème : la participation du Sheikh Salah Sultan, notamment président du Haut conseil islamique d'Egypte, dont les prises de position sont considérées par la maire de Lille comme "des incitations à la violence et sont porteuses de haine".

 

Les propos de Sheikh Salah Sultan "sont à l'inverse des valeurs que nous défendons, celles de notre République comme celles de notre Ville", a expliqué l'élue dans une lettre au président de la Ligue islamique du Nord. Selon Martine Aubry, le président du Haut conseil islamique d'Egypte a "appelé les jeunes à pratiquer des sports de combat en vue de 'libérer' la mosquée Al-Aqsa, à Jérusalem", lors d'une interview accordée le 17 janvier 2012 à la chaîne égyptienne Al-Nas TV. (...)

 

Plus:  http://lci.tf1.fr/politique/aubry-decline-une-conference-de-musulmans-choquee-par-l-un-des-7858835.html?xtmc=egypte&xtcr=2

 

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Francoise Autier's comment, March 2, 2013 12:46 PM
M. Aubry se reveille enfin !!!!
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Egypte : Entrée en exercice de la fondation pour la vertu et contre le vice

Egypte : Entrée en exercice de la fondation pour la vertu et contre le vice | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le fondateur de l’institution de la  "promotion de la vertu et la prévention du vice" en Egypte, Hisham AlAchri a annoncé que les Frères Musulmans comptent déclencher les travaux de cette fondation jeudi prochain.

Les Frères comptent se réunire  de manière formelle à la mosquée  de Sitt Mesqa situé dans le quartier de Sayda Zeynab au Caire, afin de déterminer les mesures à prendre par l’organisation pour sensibiliser les gens dans la rue et les inciter à respecter la loi islamique.

AlAchri a souligné que « les Frères comptent faire appliquer la charia islamique sans recourir à la force ni en détruisant les lieux d’alcool  ou les casinos », insistant sur le dialogue et les conseils  pour renforcer la conscience des citoyens et critiquer leurs actions pacifiquement.
 
AlAchri a expliqué que le rôle des Frères est fondé sur l’éducation pacifique afin de le persuader de sa religion et l’éloigner de tout comportement abusif.

Il a souligné qu’en cas de perpétration d'une obscénité, elle sera signalée à la police et le ministère de l'Intérieur car il s’agit de leur responsabilité.

 

Par ailleurs, la justice égyptienne a libéré le prédicateur salafiste Abou Islam accusé de diffamation des religions sous une caution de  20 000 (soit 2970 dollars US).

 

Plus:http://www.almanar.com.lb/french/adetails.php?eid=98719&frid=18&cid=18&fromval=1&seccatid=41

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Hanafi To Speak On Future Of Religious Thought In Egypt Tuesday (26 Feb.)

Hanafi To Speak On Future Of Religious Thought In Egypt Tuesday (26 Feb.) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt’s Supreme Council for Culture (SCC) will host thinker and professor of Islamic philosophy Hassan Hanafi and writer Samir Morqos on Tuesday, 26 February, at 6pm to lecture on the future of religious thought in Egypt.


Hassan Hanafi is an emeritus professor of Islamic Philosophy at Cairo University. He has published more than 70 books and translated many masterpieces of western philosophy, and is a leading voice in the field of Islamic philosophy.

Hanafi's main concern is to reinterpret Islamic tradition including the Quran, the Sunna and other central Islamic texts. He argues that a renaissance in the Islamic world will only come about through a new reading of this heritage.

His opinions have often sparked controversy and sharp criticism from more conservative Islamic voices.

 

Samir Morqos is a Coptic thinker and writer, and has served in various public posts since the revolution, including as deputy for the Cairo governorate and as assistant to President Mohamed Morsi on matters of democratic transition. He resigned his role as presidential advisor in November 2012.

 

This content is from: Amwal Alghad.

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Egypt's 'true and pure' sheikh leads Salafis against Brotherhood

Egypt's 'true and pure' sheikh leads Salafis against Brotherhood | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Here in a village nestled deep in the Nile Delta, the growing flock of religious leader Muhammad Said Raslan is a sign of the increasingly powerful opposition to the ruling Muslim Brotherhood from within the broader Islamist movement.

 

Sheikh Raslan is on the far right of the ultraconservatives known as Salafis. He believes good Muslims do not vote or get involved with politics because they should devote their lives to "true religion", meaning a deep understanding of the teachings of Islam unadulterated by "innovations" such as democracy and literature.

 

Before the 2011 uprising that toppled the regime of Hosni Mubarak and set the country on a rocky path to democracy, Sheikh Raslan said it was wrong for Egyptians to rebel against the president - an unpopular view at the time that was criticised by some fellow Salafis.

Yet attendance at his Friday sermons has quadrupled to 4,000 since then, according to Sheikh Raslan's son, Abdallah.(...)

 

Sitting in a pink-accented majilis filled with fake flowers, Abdallah Raslan, 27, said his father's steadfast rejection of politics was among his greatest draws for Egyptians as well as dozens of Salafis from around the world. The dilapidated village is also home to followers from the US, Kazakhstan, Japan and Russia, among other countries.

"He never deviates," Abdallah said. "He will not meet with any political leaders. He will not give interviews. He only gives sermons."

 

Sheikh Raslan's rigid beliefs have made him one of the most influential critics of the Muslim Brotherhood, a group that has risen in the aftermath of the 2011 uprising to become the most powerful political group in Egypt. Mohammed Morsi, a former top official of the Brotherhood, was elected as president in June and the group's political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party, won nearly half the seats in the first parliamentary elections in 2011 and 2012.(...)

 

Sheikh Raslan then directed his comments to the Egyptian people: "You're a nice, oblivious people that suffered great wrongs. You are about to receive the severest punishment in an age of corruption that claims to be transitory, even though it is more corrupt. Their marriage with the authorities will be like Christian marriage - without divorce. Those people, if they are able, will get into your pores and your minds, mingle with your blood, and take possession of the key posts of power in the country in such a way that they will only be able to be dislodged by spilling rivers of blood."



More on: http://www.thenational.ae/news/world/middle-east/egypts-true-and-pure-sheikh-leads-salafis-against-brotherhood

 

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Debating Atheism in the Heart of Cairo

Debating Atheism in the Heart of Cairo | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Young Egyptians recently gathered in an Old Cairo mosque to debate the existence of God—challenging stereotypes and showing what the media is missing: signs of society opening up.
Egypt-actus's insight:

Like many men in predominantly Muslim Egypt, Mohamed Abdelfattah was named after Islam’s most famous prophet. But he thinks the faith represented by his namesake is being challenged like never before in modern Egyptian society. While the world warily watches the country’s new Muslim Brotherhood president, also named Mohamed, this young journalist thinks everyone’s missing the real story: Egypt’s seismic search for meaning.

Abdelfattah makes his case by way of a recent debate headlined “Atheism and how atheists think” that was held—of all places—at an old Cairo mosque.

During the event, one 18-year-old Egyptian high school student proclaimed: “As an atheist, I believe that faith is against our very humanity and the source of warfare and bloodshed.” That’s a bold statement in Egypt, and certainly a bold thing to say to a mostly Muslim audience. Indeed, Abdelfattah said it was the first time he’d seen a public meeting on the subject of atheism, which had been considered, he said, “sensitive and taboo” before the opening up of society heralded by the ousting of longtime authoritarian leader Hosni Mubarak two years ago.

But past perceptions are changing fast, he says, detailing the February 16th event exclusively for Millennial Letters. Some specifics of the event have been withheld for the safety of those involved.

The four-hour exchange started with a 40-minute presentation on atheism that seemed more or less a discussion starter. The speaker gave a historical account of atheism since classical times and concluded with the state of disbelief in modern Arab and Egyptian histories.

This was followed by arguments for and against the existence of a God taken from among a crowd of several hundred, with each participant limited to two minutes. (World Affairs)

 

More : http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/blog/kristin-deasy/debating-atheism-heart-cairo


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Army reacts to video of military vehicle bearing religious slogan

Army reacts to video of military vehicle bearing religious slogan | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Armed Forces spokesperson Ahmed Mohamed Ali said legal action has been taken against the driver of an army vehicle that bore a sticker with a religious slogan.

Presenter Reem Maged aired a video Wednesday of an armed forces vehicle bearing a sticker that read "No god but Allah, Mohamed is the messenger of Allah" on Baladna Bel Masry talk show.

Ali said on his official Facebook page: "The instructions and regulations related to ... the appearance of vehicles of the Armed Forces prohibit any stickers of any kind on the body of the vehicle. The photo the program aired may be correct, but expresses an individual act on thre part of the vehicle's driver, which necessitated taking legal action to hold him accountable for violating instructions and regulations.

"One vehicle's violation does not mean that there is a phenomenon that has spread among the Armed Forces or mean [we are] employing [Armed Forces vehicles] for political purposes." (Egypt independent)

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/army-reacts-video-military-vehicle-bearing-religious-slogan

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Novelist accused of contempt of religion

Novelist accused of contempt of religion | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Novelist and author Youssef Zidan was referred to investigation on Tuesday for contempt of religion.

Zidan is a writer known for reflecting controversial opinions on religious matters through his books. Azazil, the novel which earned Zidan the Arab Booker Prize, challenged Christian beliefs when weighed against philosophy and logic.

The novelist was released after an investigation, reported state-owned Al-Ahram. Zidan requested a respite to respond to the notes issued in the Islamic Research Complex’s report regarding his case.

Eleven Coptic rights organisations had filed a report to the prosecutor general in 2010 accusing Zidan of contempt of the Christian religion, reported Al-Ahram. The organisations stated Zidan taunts the doctrines of the trinity, unification and redemption adopted by Christians.

The organisations claimed in their report that Zidan is accustomed to attacking Christianity and the Christian dogma, reported Al-Ahram. They added that his writings threaten national unity and undermine social peace. (Daily news Egypt)

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/02/19/novelist-accused-of-contempt-of-religion/

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Interfax-Religion

Interfax-Religion | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt is undergoing complex historical transformations; one should be patient and hope for a positive outcome, Russian Ambassador to Cairo Sergey Kirpichenko said in an interview with Voice of Russia radio.

The scale of Egypt's Islamization should not be exaggerated, he said.

The country took the Islamization course back in the 1970s when Anwar El Sadat was the president, the diplomat recalled. It was when the authorities started flirting with the Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamic political forces, and the revolution of 2011 brought those forces to power.

"I do not think there is a threat of total Islamization of Egypt. Not everyone agrees with that course, so the authorities and the opposition may have to reach a compromise," Kirpichenko said.

The upcoming parliamentary election in Egypt will be an important stage in the establishment of new authority but the situation is not quite favorable for the ballot so far: "disturbances continue in the country and the society is divided," he said. Still, the ambassador hopes the Egyptian administration will find a solution and make sure the election brings stabilization and public consolidation.

 

More on: http://www.interfax-religion.com/?act=news&div=10264

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