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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypt hungry for 'food revolution'

Egypt hungry for 'food revolution' | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

VIDEO

 

Low-income households in Egypt are being hit by soaring food prices, placing a major strain on many poor families in the country, who are struggling to put basic staples on the table.

Inside a small Cairo apartment, Howeida Nageh is dicing a few tomatoes in her kitchen. Her three sons have arrived home from school and they are hungry. Yet, the only food available is these tomatoes and a piece of bread -- and this will be the boys' only meal for the day.

"Things are too expensive," says Nageh, whose husband left her to raise her three boys alone. "I used to take two onions and cut them over two tomatoes, cook and eat them. Now the price of onions has increased -- instead of using two, three or four onions, I now just take one and choose the smallest one," adds Nageh, whose largest source of income is the $30 a month she receives from the government. (CNN)

http://edition.cnn.com/2013/03/07/world/africa/egypt-food-prices/?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=t.co

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Price hikes for food, medicine

Price hikes for food, medicine | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The overall index of food prices went up by 1 percent last week, said Osama Sultan of the Federation of Egypt Chambers of Commerce (FECC).

“Prices of rice went up 14 percent, and poultry 15 percent,” he noted.

Yasser al-Shazly, an economic researcher, attributed the rise in poultry prices to a rise in the price of feed, and to bad weather conditions.

An FECC report said several medications have also gone up in price due to the dollar rising by 12 percent against the Egyptian pound, which affects the cost of imported raw material.

The report added that there is a shortage of 100 types of medicines. (Egypt independent)

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/price-hikes-food-medicine

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L’Egypte approvisionnée en blé pour au moins 6 mois

L’Egypte approvisionnée en blé pour au moins 6 mois | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

(Agence Ecofin) - Dans un contexte de tensions sociales et de difficultés économiques, l’Egypte est autosuffisante en blé jusqu’en juin 2013 et devrait réduire d’environ 1 million de tonnes (Mt) ses importations lors de l’année fiscale 2012/13 (juin à juin) a affirmé le vice-président de General Authority for Supply Commodities (GASC), Nomani Nomani. En ajoutant la récolte locale à venir, l’approvisionnement porterait sur 11 mois. Un record, le pays assurant depuis 2011 un montant de stocks entre 6 et 7 mois.

Une réduction des importations consécutive à une récolte locale qui pourrait atteindre 4 Mt. Ainsi les importations ne s’élèveraient plus qu’à 3,8 Mt contre 4,8 Mt en 2011/12. Une bonne nouvelle pour le pays qui a subi de plein fouet la hausse du prix du blé en 2012.

Les cours mondiaux du blé ont progressé de 18,2% en 2012, la plus forte hausse des matières premières, suite à la sécheresse qui a réduit la production notamment Etats-Unis, en Russie et en Ukraine. La dépréciation de la livre égyptienne a aussi contribué à alourdir la facture des biens alimentaires.

En 2011/12, le GASC avait acheté 7,93 Mt de blé, dont 5,330 Mt sur le marché international et 2,6 Mt sur le marché local. Le même montant devrait être acquis sur l’année fiscale 2012/13 mais avec un approvisionnement local plus important en raison des prix incitatifs offerts aux agriculteurs et à l’introduction par le ministère de l’Agriculture de nouvelles semences de haute qualité. La GASC a déjà acheté 6,84 Mt de blé, dont 3,14 Mt sur le marché international et 3,7 Mt localement. Toutefois, le GASC se réserve l’option de lancer des appels d’offres internationaux pour du blé si les cours devenaient intéressants.

L’Egypte a récolté 8,69 Mt de blé à l'été 2012, en hausse de 4% par rapport aux 8,37 Mt en 2011, selon l'Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture.

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Govt Suspends Distributing Macaroni On Ration Cards For 3 months

Govt Suspends Distributing Macaroni On Ration Cards For  3 months | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Egyptian Ministry of Supply and Internal Commerce has canceled that the last bid of macaroni made by the General Authority for Supply Commodities, which was about purchasing 25.000 tons of macaroni to be distributed on the ration cards besides the rice.

Reda Agag, Adisor to Egyptian Minister of Supply, said distributing macaroni on rations cards will be suspended for three months because the importers have put the macaroni's prices up. The price of one ton reaches EGP 3400.

 

Therefore, the ministry will resort to exchanging the macaroni with rice from the Food Industries Holding Company (FIHC).

On the other hand, the Egyptian Minister of Supply and Internal Trade, Bassem Auda, the area of land cultivated of wheat in Egypt reached 3.3 million acres, and the price of ardeb of wheat is EGP 400. So, the ministry has imported 60.000 tons of American wheat.

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Egypt's Frightening Food Divide

Egypt's Frightening Food Divide | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s most vulnerable households don’t have enough money to buy food, clothes and shelter.

That’s the frightening conclusion of the Egyptian Food Observatory’s latest government survey.

Of the 1680 households surveyed (and 7532 household members) in September 2012, 86% said their income was insufficient for covering total monthly needs including for food, clothes and shelter, up from 74% in June 2012.

As food prices have steadily increased over the year, income levels have remained static as the country’s fragile economic climate impacts salaries.

The knock-on affect of this has left many families adopting increasingly extreme coping strategies, the report says, the most common of which has prompted families to consumer cheaper foods and borrow food or money.

Egypt-actus's insight:

The report says:

“Consuming cheaper food items” overtook “borrowing” relative to the previous quarter, suggesting that vulnerable households are adopting more radical coping mechanisms where incomes do not suffice.

Other coping strategies adopted included; reducing food intake either by reducing food portions or the number of meals, buying on credit.

But then we reach the heart of the Egyptian food problem.

Bread and other carbohydrates make up the bulk of vulnerable households’ daily consumption.  Bread subsidies, already widely recognised as imbalanced and unequal, are contributing to this food divide.  

The report spells out the biggest flaw in the subsidy system:

All Egyptian citizens are entitled to three loaves of subsidized “Baladi” (local) bread per day.  But there is no database listing households entitled to the subsidy, and thus no control over how much bread each person can access.

Anyone can queue at bakeries licensed to produce Baladi bread andcan purchase up to 20 loaves at a time at the subsidized price of 5 piaster per loaf. Better-off Egyptians often do not take up this entitlement due to the queuing time involved and the poorer quality of subsidized to commercial bread.

In addition, the ingredients for making this bread are purchased at low or no cost from the government, but bakers charge their customers a similarly low price of 5 piaster that is barely sufficient to cover their production costs.  It has forced the creation of an unofficial black marketfor premium quality local wheat that is free of stones and contaminants. This wheat is used to produce better quality bread for commercial sale at 25 or 50 piaster per loaf, depending on the quality.

Aside from providing further evidence of how the country’s subsidy system wastes billions of dollars, this report highlights the human cost of misdirected, ill-thought-out subsidies.

(Rebel economy) 
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