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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypte : le Conseil de la Choura approuve  la loi électorale révisée

Egypte : le Conseil de la Choura approuve  la loi électorale révisée | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Conseil de la Choura ( chambre haute du Parlement égyptien) a approuvé jeudi la loi électorale révisée et un projet loi controversé sur les droits politiques, a rapporté l'agence de presse officielle égyptienne.

Le Conseil de la Choura a ordonné de renvoyer les deux textes à la Cour suprême constitutionnelle pour vérifier ses validations.

La Cour suprême constitutionnelle avait rejeté le 18 février le projet de loi électorale et l'avait renvoyé au Conseil de la Choura pour amendement, jugeant certains articles du texte anti- constitutionnels.

Trois jours plus tard, la Conseil de la Choura avait approuvé l'amendement du texte et le président Mohamed Morsi l'avait approuvé également mais sans en référer à la Cour suprême constitutionnelle.

 

Plus: http://french.peopledaily.com.cn/96852/8205196.html

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Egypte: La chambre haute du Parlement approuve un nouveau projet de loi électorale

Egypt-actus's insight:

Le Conseil de la Choura (chambre haute du Parlement égyptien) a approuvé mardi un nouveau projet de loi électorale, a annoncé l'agence de presse officielle Mena.

Le président du Conseil de la Choura, Ahmed Fahmi a demandé aux députés de soumettre les modifications au projet de loi avant le 3 avril avant son approbation finale.

Les élus islamistes, les principaux supporters du président Mohamed Morsi, travaillent sur le projet de loi qui devrait réglementer les prochaines élections législatives.


Plus : http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2013/3/26/egypte-chambre-haute-parlement-approuve-nouveau-projet-electorale-220791.asp


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Presidency wants court to explain ruling that suspended elections

Hend Kortam | Daily news Egypt

 

The presidency asserted its respect for the judiciary on Wednesday and demanded the Administrative Court explain two of the principles included in the 6 March court ruling that suspended the parliamentary elections.

“The presidency asserts its full respect of the Administrative Court ruling… which led to the suspension of all of the Supreme Electoral Committee’s procedures and postponing the whole electoral process,” a statement released by the presidency read.

The statement comes one day after the State Litigation Authority appealed the 6 March ruling. The appeal will be considered by the Supreme Constitutional Court, Egypt’s highest court, on 17 March.

Following the appeal, the presidency said it is looking forward to reviewing principles included in the court’s decision, saying that the aim behind these clarifications is to affirm its commitment to upholding court rulings.

The presidency wants an explanation of Article 141 of the constitution which states that the president exercises his powers through the prime minister and cabinet of ministers which is why the court saw that the prime minster and relevant minister should have signed the law passed by the Shura Council before the law was issued by the president.

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/14/presidency-wants-court-to-explain-ruling-that-suspended-elections/

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Egypt court refers electoral law to Constitutional Court

Egypt court refers electoral law to Constitutional Court | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's Administrative Court said on Wednesday it had referred the country's amended electoral law to the Supreme Constitutional Court for review.

Earlier, it threw the timetable for lower house parliamentary elections due to start on April 22 into confusion when it ordered the cancellation of President Mohamed Mursi's decree calling the four-stage polls.

 

This text is from Reuters

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Is Egypt’s new parliamentary election law constitutional ?

Is Egypt’s new parliamentary election law constitutional ? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The following post was contributed by Nathan Brown of GWU and Carnegie

 

The short answer is: Maybe. We’ll have to wait and see.

The quick retort: Not again?

The quick answer: Yes, it could be déjà vu all over again. But it might not.

 

Here’s the story. The country’s Supreme Constitutional Court (SCC) has struck down the country’s parliamentary election law four times. Three of these times that led directly to a dissolution of the parliament. On the other occasion, the parliament had already been dissolved.

 

And each time that led to all kinds of problems: how to write a new election law with parliament dissolved; whether the new law would be constitutional; what happened with the actions taken by the old parliament; and so on.

 

Those questions could be answered, but the turmoil was real—even with the Mubarak regime’s pseudo-parliaments. When parliament is something to be taken far more seriously, the effects of a dissolution by court order are farther reaching. Egypt is still reeling from the effects of the 2012 dissolution.

 

So the constitution drafters knew what to do: they availed themselves of a tool sometimes spoken of but never used in Egypt before (with one exception): prior review. The parliamentary election law would be drafted and then sent to the SCC for review. That would immunize it from later attempts to challenge it on constitutional grounds. Egypt’s SCC, like most specialized constitutional courts, does not try concrete cases (though concrete cases are the genesis of most of its work). In a sense it tries laws instead. Its job in constitutional matters is to say if a law is constitutional or not. If it says a law is constitutional one day, it is hard for it to change its mind later on. (For that reason, many justices of the SCC dislike prior review and regard it as an attempt to tie the SCC’s hands—and indeed, in Mubarak’s times some unsuccessfully argued for prior review with precisely that motivation).

 

OK, but what if the SCC found the draft unconstitutional? Well, then changes could be made to bring it in to line. And in Egypt’s one prior experiment with prior review, that is just what it did. In the country’s March 2011 constitutional declaration, the SCC was required to review only the presidential election law in advance, precisely to avoid thel vacuum that would occur if a president were elected and then had the legal scaffolding knocked out under him. The SCC found Egypt’s January 2012 draft decree-law (rushed through by the SCAF right before the parliament met) flawed on a large number of generally minor grounds. The SCAF fixed the errors and promulgated the law.

Egypt-actus's insight:

And that is what has happened this time—the upper house of the parliament (the only part left standing) used its interim legislative authority to draft a law. The SCC found a number of problems and the upper house fixed them.

 

So how could déjà vu happen all over again? Well, the upper house did not send back the law to the SCC a second time. (Neither did the SCAF when it fixed the presidential election law last year.) It was not required to do so; it was in suomethng of a rush; and it was not clear if the SCC would feel empowered to rule again. (...)

 

So Egyptians will start voting according the leisurely schedule required by the system of judicial monitoring. And somebody will lose a seat and go to the courts to challenge the law. (...)

 

More on: http://www.arabist.net/blog/2013/2/22/is-egypts-new-parliamentary-election-law-constitutional.html

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Once Again: The Unconstitutionality of the Election Law

Once Again: The Unconstitutionality of the Election Law | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

As was expected, Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court (SCC) ruled many provisions of the proposed Elections Law and Exercise of Political Rights Law, as unconstitutional.

This decision reflects the continuing state of disarray that colors the legislative process in Egypt, both in the constitutional drafting process and the passage of laws.

The SCC found that amendments to these two laws drafted by the Shura Council (the temporary parliament) were in violation of the constitution in nine points. While the Shura Council continues to move forward with the electoral law, the law is still not in line with the SCC’s rulings. 


An official statement from the SCC on Thursday indicated that the changes adopted by the Shura Council do not meet the court’s complete requirements. The legal provisions declared by the SCC to be unconstitutional must still be amended.

According to Article 177 of the new constitution, the SCC’s decisions are enforceable, which means that the unconstitutional provisions must be changed. To assess the importance of the SCC decision, it is necessary to discuss some provisions that were ruled unconstitutional due to their direct impact on the electoral process. 

 

One key SCC ruling is that the distribution of seats in the House of Representatives violates the principle of fair representation according to population. Article 113 of the new constitution calls for the division of electoral districts in an equitable manner based on population. The draft law on the People’s Assembly (now known as the House of Representatives) allocated 498 total seats in the body. Two examples show what a mockery the draft law makes of the principle of equal representation based on population: The draft law allocated 30 seats to the Giza governorate, which has 4.3 million voters and has the second highest number of voters than any governorate. Meanwhile the Dakahlia governorate with just 3.7 million voters received 36 seats. Likewise, the law allocated just 24 seats to Alexandria, the fourth largest governorate with 3.3 million voters, while at the same time giving 30 seats each to Gharbia, Beheira, and Sohag – all governorates with far fewer voters than Alexandria.

 

In another important move, the SCC also declared Article 7 of the Political Rights Law draft unconstitutional. This provision tasked Egyptian diplomatic missions and embassy staffs with supervising elections and public referendums held abroad (...)

 

This crisis has two theoretical solutions, but both are impossible. The first is that the judiciary could supervise elections outside of Egypt, which would require judges to travel to over 160 countries in which Egyptians reside, with 585,000 eligible registered voters; it’s clear that this “solution” would be impossible to apply.

 

More on: http://www.acus.org/egyptsource/once-again-unconstitutionality-election-law

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Shura Council struggles to amend elections law

Shura Council struggles to amend elections law | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Members of the Shura Councils legislative and constitutional committee said Wednesday they do not have access to accurate population distribution data to properly restructure the nation's electoral constituencies.

 

The committee is currently making amendments to elections legislation governing the upcoming parliamentary polls after the Supreme Constitutional Court highlighted five articles it said ran contrary to the constitution.

 

On Monday, the SCC said the council must redistribute electoral constituencies to better reflect population density and ensure regions are fairly represented in the House of Representatives.

 

Ahmed Kamal, the governments representative, said the data provided by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics are inaccurate since they are compiled manually. “The is no data more accurate than national ID numbers,” he said.

 

More on: http://arabia.msn.com/news/middle-east/1314946/shura-council-struggles-amend-electio/

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Shura Council accuses SCC of undermining lawmakers

Shura Council accuses SCC of undermining lawmakers | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Members of the Shura Council accused the Supreme Constitutional Court on Tuesday of undermining lawmakers following its rejection of several elections law articles governing parliamentary polls.

The five articles were sent back to the Shura Council, which has been tasked to make amendments and ensure the elections process is, in fact, constitutional.

 

“It is interfering in the work of the legislative authority,” said legislative committee member Gamal Gibril.

Gibril added, 'I swear to God I know some parts of the court's decision two or three weeks ago. It's not reasonable to commit ourselves to it without [implmenting] our vision.'

 

Ramadan Bateekh echoed Gibril's comments, saying, 'History should record the date that the SCC did not respect the Constitution, but deviated from its provisions clearly.”

 

However, Bateekh added the Shura Council “will obey what came in SCCs report.”

 

More on: http://arabia.msn.com/news/middle-east/1312768/shura-council-accuses-scc-undermining/

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Ratification of Egypt's new elections law could take 45 days

Ratification of Egypt's new elections law could take 45 days | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The process of ratifying a new elections law could take at least 45 days despite plans to call for parliamentary polls within coming weeks, said Mamdouh Ramzi, member of the constitutional and legislative committee in the Shura Council, the upper house of Egypt's parliament.

The Shura Council, currently endowed with legislative powers following the dissolution of the People's Assembly (the lower house of Egypt's parliament) in June 2012, must now amend the draft elections law after certain articles were rejected by Egypt's High Constitutional Court (HCC).

On Monday, the HCC ruled five of the draft law's articles unconstitutional. Ramzi told Al-Ahram's Arabic-language news website that redrafting the law and sending it back to the HCC for review would take at least a month and a half, stressing the impossibility of holding parliamentary polls beforehand.

President Mohamed Morsi is expected to call for elections for Egypt's House of Representatives – formally known as the People's Assembly – soon. Presidential sources have recently hinted that the parliamentary electoral process would commence later this week or early next week.

According to Egypt's new constitution, the electoral process should begin on 23 February, 60 days after approval of the new constitution via popular referendum.

Egypt's last lower house of parliament was dissolved by the then-ruling military last summer, based on an HCC ruling against the assembly's constitutionality.

The Shura Council currently holds full legislative powers on a temporary basis until the election of a new House of Representatives. (Ahram Onlineà

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Egypte : le projet de loi électorale en partie rejeté par la Haute cour constitutionnelle

Egypte : le projet de loi électorale en partie rejeté par la Haute cour constitutionnelle | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Alexandre Buccianti/RFI

Le premier problème concerne le découpage des circonscriptions électorales. La Constitution précise que le nombre de sièges doit être proportionnel au nombre d’électeurs, alors que la loi adoptée par le Sénat islamiste favorise les circonscriptions désertiques, rurales ou de Haute-Egypte. Des circonscriptions où les islamistes sont traditionnellement majoritaires.

Autre problème : la définition des ouvriers et paysans, qui conformément à la Constitution doivent occuper 50% des sièges. La loi électorale fait de tout salarié un ouvrier ou un paysan alors que tout artisan ou petit propriétaire rejoint la catégorie des professions libérales.

Le vote à l’étranger qui se déroulait dans les ambassades, doit aux yeux de la cour et conformément à la Constitution être dorénavant supervisé par des magistrats et non des diplomates.

Des violations concernent aussi l'accomplissement du service militaire et la privation des droits civiques que la loi électorale évite de mentionner clairement. Un vaste chantier que le Sénat doit terminer avant le 22 février, date fixée par la Constitution.

 

Plus : http://www.rfi.fr/moyen-orient/20130218-egypte-projet-loi-electorale-partie-rejete-cour-constitutionnelle

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Egypt court rejects election law, may delay poll

Egypt court rejects election law, may delay poll | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's constitutional court rejected five articles of a draft election law on Monday and sent the text back to the country's temporary legislature for redrafting in a ruling that may delay a parliamentary poll due in April.

"The court has returned the draft parliamentary electoral law to the Shura Council after making five observations on five articles which it found unconstitutional," a court statement said.

 

It did not immediately disclose which parts of the law had been censured, but the court said it would issue a fuller statement later in the day.


A source in President Mohamed Mursi's office said before the decision that if the court found fault with the law, it could delay passage of the law, and hence the election, by a couple of weeks, but probably not months.

 

Mursi had been expected to promulgate the electoral law by February 25 and set a date two months later for voting, probably in more than one stage for different regions because of a shortage of judicial poll supervisors.

 

More on: http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2013/2/18/worldupdates/egypt-court-rejects-election-law-may-delay-poll&sec=Worldupdates

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Les FM "proposent de revoir" l’état d'urgence et la loi électorale

Les FM "proposent de revoir" l’état d'urgence et la loi électorale | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les Frères musulmans en Egypte et son parti « Liberté et Justice » (J&L) ont lancé une initiative pour réexaminer la loi sur les élections parlementaires en vue de résoudre la crise politique actuelle.

 

Le Président Morsi s'est montré ouvert à reconsidérer l'état d'urgence imposé dans les villes du Canal de Suez. Ces « déclarations » ont été faites par les participants à la session de dialogue national organisée lundi entre Morsi et un certain nombre des forces politiques.


Selon un participant, le président du parti J&P (El Katatni) aurait souligné lors de la réunion que son parti –détenant la majorité au Conseil Consultatif (Shoura)- présentera une demande à son Président lui demandant de débattre à nouveau de la loi électorale.


El-Katatni aurait également présenté ses excuses pour le comportement des députés de son Parti lors de la discussion de cette loi au Conseil Consultatif, soulignant que ce n’était pas la position du Parti.

Parmi les divergences principales sur cette loi : la modification du « statut partisan » des députés, amendement  défendu par le J&L malgré l’opposition des autres partis, ainsi que le statut des femmes et des coptes sur les listes électorales.

  

Un autre représentant du parti «Le Centre» ayant participé à cette session de dialogue a affirmé que selon Morsi, les autres forces politiques participeraint à la prise de décision sur le maintien ou non de l'état d'urgence dans les villes du Canal. Un rapport sur la situation sécuritaire de ces villes, serait exposé aux forces politiques lors d’une réunion la semaine prochaine.

 

Traduction par Randa CHART

 

 

طرحت جماعة الإخوان المسلمين في مصر وحزبها الحرية والعدالة مبادرة تقضي بمراجعة قانون

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Le "Front National des Femmes d’Egypte" refuse la nouvelle loi électorale

Le "Front National des Femmes d’Egypte" refuse la nouvelle loi électorale | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le « Front National des Femmes d’Egypte » refuse le projet de loi électorale, actuellement en discussion au Conseil Consultatif. Le projet stipule que chaque liste électorale devrait comporter au moins 1 femme, classée dans la 1ère moitié de la liste pour les circonscriptions avec plus de 4 sièges.

Dans un communiqué ce samedi, le Front a considéré que ce projet de loi ne reflétait pas les attentes et aspirations de la femme égyptienne et confirme l’exclusion de la femme de la vie politique. Il complète ainsi la Constitution qui a lésé les droits des femmes et leurs acquis.

 Le Front, qui inclut des membres de plusieurs partis et associations, a ajouté que cette loi ne répondait pas aux espoirs de la femme après la Révolution du 25 janvier et qu’il mettait l’Egypte à la traîne des pays arabes et européens quant à la représentation féminine. Il a poursuivi que le nouvel article de loi devait refuser les listes des partis où la représentation féminine est inférieure à 30%, car la représentation actuelle des femmes au Parlement est seulement de 2% . Ceci et est navrant pour l’Egypte qui a donné le droit de vote et l’éligibilité pour les femmes en 1956, bien avant de nombreux pays arabes et européens.

Le Front continuera sa lutte pacifique pour aboutir à une vraie représentation féminine au Parlement et refuser la Constitution qui porte atteinte aux droits des femmes de l’Egypte, tout en réclamant l’activation des chartes des droits de l’homme signées par l’Egypte

 

Traduit de l'arabe par Randa CHART

Egypt-actus's insight:

رفضت الجبهة الوطنية لنساء مصر، مشروع قانون الانتخابات المقترح الذي تمت مناقشته بمجلس الشورى، والذي ينص على أن "تتضمن كل قائمة مرشحة واحدة على الأقل من النساء، ويكون ترتيبها في النصف الأول من القائمة في الدوائر التي تمثل بأكثر من أربعة مقاعد".

 

 

وقالت الجبهة، في بيان لها اليوم السبت، إن "القانون لا يعبرعن آمال وطموحات المرأة المصرية، ويكرس استبعاد المرأة من المشاركة في الحياة السياسية، وإنه استكمال لدستور مصر الذي انتقص من حقوق النساء ومكتسباتهم التي ناضلن من أجلها لسنوات طويلة".

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Egypte : Les slogans menaçant l'unité nationale interdits dans la campagne électorale

Egypte : Les slogans menaçant l'unité nationale interdits dans la campagne électorale | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Conseil a approuvé l'interdiction des slogans pouvant conduire à des discriminations entre citoyens sur la région, le sexe ou l'origine dans la campagne électorale.

Le 3 avril, le Conseil de la Choura a adopté un projet de loi sur les droits politiques après avoir supprimé une clause controversée qui interdit les slogans religieux dans la campagne électorale.

L'annulation de cette clause a provoqué un boycott des députés libéraux et coptes, qui craignent que la nouvelle loi ne les défavorise dans les futures élections.

Plus: http://www.afriquinfos.com/articles/2013/4/10/egypte-slogans-mena%C3%A7ant-lunite-nationale-interdits-dans-campagne-electorale-221594.asp

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Shura Council to divide constituencies by number of voters

Shura Council to divide constituencies by number of voters | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Following a legislative committee meeting Sunday, the Shura Council is inclined to approve a proposal submitted to it by Ihab al-Kharrat, chairperson of the human rights committee, to divide electoral constituencies according to the number of voters, not population.

The Cairo Administrative Court had ruled earlier this month to suspend the parliamentary elections slated for 22 April on the grounds that the council, which is dominated by an Islamist majority, did not send the elections law back to the Supreme Constitutional Court after the court requested certain amendments to it.

The new Constitution grants the Supreme Constitutional Court prior supervision of laws governing presidential and legislative elections, as well as those for local councils, to determine their constitutionality.

But Shura Council members are trying pass new legislation to evade suspicion of unconstitutionality for the next House of Representatives that would nominate a prime minister jointly with the president. They fear it would be dissolved by court order, as happened to the previous house in 2012.

The council is aware of the 10 reservations about the election law that the Supreme Constitutional Court relayed to it, but it did not fully commit to those reservations, nor did it send the law back to the court to endorse it.

One such reservation was that the division of the electoral constituencies did not provide a fair representation of the population and the governorates.

Observers say the allocation of parliamentary seats is seriously flawed. For instance, while Ismailia has a population of 1.08 million and Suez just 576,000, both governorates have six seats in Parliament.

 

More on: http://arabia.msn.com/news/middle-east/1646822/shura-council-divide-constituencies-n/

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New elections law will be ready in 15 days, says FJP

New elections law will be ready in 15 days, says FJP | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Yasser Hamza, a member of the Freedom and Justice Partys legal committee, claimed Tuesday that the Shura Council will finalize a new law governing the parliamentary elections within 15 days.

Speaking to Al-Masry Al-Youm, Hamza denied rumors that the Shura Council plans to challenge Supreme Administrative Courts ruling calling off elections until the Supreme Constitutional Court reviews the current elections law.

“The best alternative to [be able to hold] the elections soon is to devise a new law,” he said. “In that case, the SCC will have to rule on it within 45 days.”“

The reservations of SCC on the existing law would be taken into consideration,” he added. “Namely, the redistribution of the electoral constituencies and the military service condition for candidacy.”

 

He also said, “All political forces would be involved in the preparation of the new law…

 

The clause on allowing civil society organizations to monitor the elections would be kept.”Meanwhile, the Shura Councils legislative committee approved a draft law in principle on elections and political rights presented by the Wasat Party.Should the draft law be passed, the SCC would still have to review the legislation.

“The draft law addresses various points of disagreement between political forces and allows international supervision of elections,” said Wasat Party member Atef Awa

 

This text is from El-Masry El Youm

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Egypt urged to amend draft demonstrations law | New Europe

Egypt urged to amend draft demonstrations law | New Europe | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has sent a letter to the Egyptian president and the Justice Ministry, urging them to make amendments to the proposed draft demonstrations law.

According to the non-governmental organisation, the law as proposed “would severely limit the right to peaceful public assembly and is open to abuse by police”.

 

The cabinet approved the final draft on 12 February and submitted the bill to the Shura Council, Egypt’s legislative body, on 17 February.

 

In particular, the concerns of the human rights watchdog relate to the vague terms in article 4 prohibiting demonstrations that interfere with “citizens’ interests,” or that halt traffic or interfere with the right to work.(....)

 

Moreover, articles 5, 9, 13, 16 also raise concerns about various issues, including the allowed distance from public buildings for holding a demonstration (200 meters); the set of criminalised actions and fines; as well as submission of a written notification in advance of a demonstration and the failure of the law to place clear limitations on how the police use force in dispersing protests.

 

“Governments have a right to regulate demonstrations, but not to ban them for spurious reasons or to keep them out of sight and sound of every government building”, HRW representative said.

 

More on: http://www.neurope.eu/article/egypt-urged-amend-draft-demonstrations-law

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Egypte : La loi électorale finalement adoptée

VIDEO

 

La chambre haute du Parlement égyptien a finalement adopté jeudi le projet de loi électorale. La première mouture du texte avait été amendée lundi par la Haute Cour constitutionnelle. En cause, l’inconstitutionnalité de cinq de ses articles.

Le premier concerne le découpage des circonscriptions électorales. La loi élaborée par le Sénat favorise les circonscriptions traditionnellement remportées par les Frères Musulmans.

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Egypte: La loi électorale adoptée - législatives en vue

Egypte: La loi électorale adoptée - législatives en vue | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

La chambre haute du Parlement égyptien a adopté ce jeudi la loi électorale amendée par la Cour constitutionnelle, ce qui va permettre au président Mohamed Morsi de fixer la date des élections législatives. Le chef de l'Etat devrait ratifier le texte dans les jours qui viennent et annoncer l'organisation du scrutin dans environ deux mois. (...)

La loi précise qu'un tiers des sièges de l'Assemblée du peuple devront être réservés aux indépendants - ce qui peut être interprété comme une tentative de limiter le poids islamistes - et interdit aux anciens membres du Parti national démocratique (PND) d'Hosni Moubarak, aujourd'hui dissous, d'être candidats pendant une période de dix ans.

(Reuters, via 20 minutes)

 

**********************

 

Egypt's Shura Council, the upper house of parliament, adopted on Thursday an electoral law as amended by the Constitutional Court, clearing the way for President Mohamed Mursi to set a date for lower house elections.

Mursi is expected to ratify the electoral law by Feb. 25 and announce voting will be held in about two months' time to choose the lower house, which was dissolved last year after the court ruled the original law used to elect it was unfair.

The new chamber is likely to have to decide on tough economic measures that the International Monetary Fund is demanding in return for a $4.8 billion loan which Egypt needs to tackle an economic crisis.

(Reuters, via Aswat Masriya)http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=2a43b3dc-7944-4a22-84ae-3f96961516d5

 

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NSF to reject unfair parliamentary elections

NSF to reject unfair parliamentary elections | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The National Salvation Front said Tuesday it will reject parliamentary elections unless authorities guarantee they will be fair and subject to international monitoring.

The announcement came after a three-hour closed meeting that included Dostour chief Mohamed ElBaradei, Wafd Party leader Al-Sayed al-Badawy and Freedom and Justice Party Chairman Saad al-Katatny.

Hamdeen Sabbahi, founder of the Popular Current Party, did not attend.

The NSF called for a neutral government that had the support of numerous parties and was able to solve Egypt's political gridlock.

It also said it holds the president responsible for the nation's economic and social deterioration as a result of interference from the Muslim Brotherhood.

The NSF added that the Nour Party's initiative to bring together opposing political factions could help the country move past its impasse.

 

More on: http://arabia.msn.com/news/middle-east/1312556/nsf-reject-unfair-parliamentary-elect/

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FJP Urges Amendment of Elections Law As Suggested by Constitutional Court

FJP Urges Amendment of Elections Law As Suggested by Constitutional Court | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Recognizing that there is no time to lose, in order to avoid putting back parliamentary elections, Mukhtar Ashri agrees to amendments suggested by Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court.


Mukhtar Ashri, Freedom and Justice Party (FJP)’s Legal Committee Chairman, urged amendments to the elections law in line with the decision of the Constitutional Court.


Earlier on Monday, Maher Sami, Supreme Constitutional Court (SCC) spokesman, announced that the SCC issued its decision that some articles of the draft law on parliamentary elections were unconstitutional, and that the SCC will refer the draft law back to the Shura Council (upper house of Egyptian parliament) to make necessary amendments in line with the court’s decision. Sami added that SCC observations are binding for the Shura Council.


Further, in a statement to Ikhwanweb, Ashri added: "There is no time for postponement of forthcoming parliamentary elections. What the SCC says need amendment should be amended. We support the SCC’s decision regarding the elections draft law". (Ikhwan web)


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Egypt Constitutional Court Rejects Election Law Articles

Egypt Constitutional Court Rejects Election Law Articles | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s top court rejected a draft election law, risking delays to a vote that Mohamed Mursisays will help restore stability, as signs emerged of a rift between the president and some of his Islamist allies.

The Supreme Constitutional Court in Cairo objected to five articles on areas including the division of electoral districts. The measure will now be referred back to parliament’s upper house, the only part of the legislature still functioning after the lower house was shut down last year, the court said by fax.

Mursi has cited the proximity of parliamentary elections to resist pressure from secular opponents and some Islamist allies for a national unity government to help end unrest that has led to sporadic violence and thwarted an economic recovery. The latest protests are taking place in the Suez Canal city of Port Said, where thousands rallied for a second day and strikes shut down businesses.

Mursi also faced criticism from the Salafi Nour Party, which has backed the call for a unity coalition, after he dismissed one of its members as his environmental adviser. Another Nour official at the presidency quit in sympathy, suggesting tensions between the party, whose Salafi followers practice a form of ultra-orthodox Islam, and the Muslim Brotherhood-backed president.

More : http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-02-18/egyptian-constitutional-court-rejects-articles-in-election-law.html?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=t.co
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The Supreme Constitutional Court declares five articles of election law unconstitutional

The Supreme Constitutional Court rejected five articles of a draft election law on Monday and sent the text back to the Shura Council for redrafting in a move that may delay a parliamentary poll due in April.

 

"The court has returned the draft parliamentary electoral law to the Shura Council after making five observations on five articles which it found unconstitutional," a court statement said.

 

The council, which currently holds temporary legislative powers, had passed the law on elections for the House of Representatives and referred it to the SCC for approval. A source from the court had said earlier that the court was expected to support a consultative report by its own board of commissioners citing irregularities in articles pertaining to the delineation of constituencies and recommending that the number of seats allocated to each governorate be more proportionate to their population sizes.

 

The Shura Council will have to add amendments to the article before 25 February. The Constitution stipulates that the law must be approved by the Supreme Constitutional Court within 45 days of it being passed by the Shura Council.

 

However, the court itself was put in a difficult position because new elections for the House of Representatives were supposed to have been held within 60 days of the Constitution’s passage. The Shura Council did not pass an elections law until the end of January.


Almasry Alyoum, via Egypt.com

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Gobrail: Le Président doit limoger le Gouvernement

Gobrail: Le Président doit limoger le Gouvernement | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Naguib Gobrail, Président de la Fédération Egyptienne des Droits de l’Homme a déclaré que les changements prétendus de quelques articles de la Constitution n’étaient que de la procrastination et que la Présidence pouvait amender ses articles sans devoir recourir à des séances de dialogue national. 

 

Le Président tergiverse avec la demande du Front de Salut National de limoger le Gouvernement. Accepter l’amendement d’un ou deux articles sur la loi électorale, sans débattre des autres points, est une manœuvre pour occuper la rue et déjouer les objectifs de la Révolution.

 

Gobrail a ajouté que le Président devrait limoger le Premier Ministre et le Ministre de l'Intérieur pour leur échec à gérer la crise, après avoir causé une « marre de sang ». Il a condamné l’appel au dialogue national, alors que le Président impose des mesures extraordinaires telles que le « couvre-feu ».

 

Il a souligné que le peuple ne peut pas faire confiance aux membres de la Shoura, qui ont "cuisiné"  l'imposition de l'état d'urgence, comme ce qui s’est passé auparavant avec l'Assemblée Constituante et la Constitution.

 

Il a également lancé un appel aux organisations des droits de l'homme et organismes caritatifs d’intervenir rapidement dans les villes du Canal, afin de sauver les habitants de ces provinces de la famine, ainsi que de leur fournir un soutien moral.

 

Traduction par Randa CHART

 

قال قال الدكتور نجيب جبرائيل، رئيس الاتحاد المصري لحقوق الإنسان، إن الزعم بتعديل بعض مواد الدستور ما هو إلا مماطلة وتسويف، وكان بإمكان الرئاسة تعديل مواد الدستور دونما حاجة إلى جلسات الحوار، لأن المواد المختلف عليها معلنة سلفاً، ولا تحتاج إلى جلسات حوار، مشيراً إلى أن الرئيس يماطل في طلب جبهة الإنقاذ الوطني بإقالة

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Francoise Autier's comment, January 29, 2013 2:17 PM
merci Randa pour la traduction :)
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Amendement de l’Article 5 de la loi électorale

Amendement de l’Article 5 de la loi électorale | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Magdi Hamdan, Membre du Front du Salut National (FSN) a critiqué le point modifié de l’article 5 de la loi électorale, remplaçant la condition pour le candidat  « d’être né de 2 parents égyptiens », par « être né d’un père égyptien ».  Selon lui, les craintes  exprimées par les forces politiques civiles de voir le Conseil de la Shura s’attribuer le pouvoir législatif se sont concrétisées.

 

Ce changement ouvrirait  la voie aux Egyptiens issus de parents étrangers (tels que les juifs, les cadres de Hamas et les naturalisés) d’entrer au Parlement, ce qui représente une « menace » à la sécurité nationale.

 

Selon Hamdan , les déclarations récentes de Essam el Arian, encourageant le retour en Egypte des juifs n’étaient pas un « lapsus » mais préparaient plutôt ce changement, qui a été activé grâce à l’amendement de la loi électorale soumis par le parti de la « Liberté & Justice ».

 

D’autre part, Il a ajouté que les conditions exposées par le Front pour garantir la transparence des élections, comportaient une condition préalable, à savoir la démission du gouvernement de Qandil, qui a prouvé sa totale incompétence dans la gestion du pays.  Nous sommes également convaincus que ces élections connaîtront des fraudes si elles se passent sous le gouvernement actuel, notamment que c’est le Ministre actuel des Conseils Parlementaires (FM) qui a proposé l’amendement de cet article.

 

Traduction: Randa CHART

 

انتقد مجدي حمدان، القيادي بحزب الجبهة الديمقراطية وعضو جبهة الإنقاذ الوطني، الشرط الأول الذي تضمنته المادة الخامسة بقانون الانتخابات، وهي تغيير صيغة صفة المرشح من "أن يكون من أبوين مصريين" إلى "أن يكون مصريًا من أب مصري" فقط، موضحًا أن التخوف الذي أبدته القوى السياسية المدنية من إسناد سلطة التشريع لمجلس الشورى، قد تحول إلى حقيقة مفزعة

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