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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypt’s Islamist leader uses TV interview to launch charm offensive to better his image

Egypt’s Islamist leader uses TV interview to launch charm offensive to better his image | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

During a more than 2-hour television interview, Egypt’s Islamist president sought to depict himself as a man of the people, his voice rising and tears welling in his eyes as he spoke of the country’s poor and portrayed the masses protesting against his rule as “thugs” and “outlaws.”

The long interview, aired after midnight in the early hours Monday, appeared to be a push by Mohammed Morsi to burnish his image amid widespread unrest ahead of parliamentary elections that begin in April.

 

But it illustrated the dynamic that has characterized Egypt’s politics throughout political turmoil that has shaken the country for months. The Morsi administration, backed by the Muslim Brotherhood, has pushed ahead offering no concessions to the opposition but has also presented little by way of a program to resolve the country’s mounting troubles. A disorganized opposition has been unable to find a foothold to pressure the president or provide an alternative, while street protests grow angrier.

 

Critics on Monday denounced Morsi’s comments as mere bluster and, worse, as reminiscent of the rhetoric of his autocratic predecessor, Hosni Mubarak. Morsi’s depiction of the protesters as criminals will likely only deepen the hostility in the already dangerously polarized nation.

 

“I am no longer optimistic about this presidency and I fear the days ahead because the anger is rising,” prominent activist and rights lawyer Gamal Eid said of the interview. “We now have a presidency that does not listen, an opposition that is in tatters and, more importantly, a bloc of angry youth who are out of control. (...)

 

In his interview, Morsi, who came to power in June as Egypt’s first freely elected president, gave no outlines for his economic plans or for bringing security amid increasing lawlessness. Instead, he sought to come across as a firm pair of hands, an uncompromising patriot and a compassionate leader in touch with his people. (...)

 

Referring to a general strike in the Mediterranean city of Port Said that has entered its second week, Morsi said, “these are acts of thuggery and violence ... There is no place for thugs and no place for outlaws.”

 

He suggested protesters were paid to take to the streets — though he didn’t say by whom. He said he had heard of a 13-year-old boy whose mother was given 600 Egyptian pounds — a little under $100 — to send him to a protest so he could throw firebombs.

 

More on: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/egypts-islamist-leader-uses-tv-interview-to-launch-charm-offensive-to-better-his-image/2013/02/25/e8ca74c2-7f75-11e2-a671-0307392de8de_story.html

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ÉGYPTE • Amr Al-Shobaki : “Le pire est devant nous”

ÉGYPTE • Amr Al-Shobaki : “Le pire est devant nous” | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Editorialiste réputé du quotidien Al-Masri Al-Youm, enseignant en sciences politiques et député réformateur, Amr Al-Shobaki revient sur les émeutes qui agitent le nord du pays et dispense quelques conseils au président Morsi.

Que dites-vous de la vague de colère qui déferle sur l’Egypte ?
Amr Al-Shobaki Il faut distinguer deux choses. D’une part, il y a la colère qui s’exprime dans la rue depuis le 25 janvier, date du deuxième anniversaire de la révolution, contre le pouvoir actuel des Frères musulmans. Des centaines de milliers de personnes ont manifesté pacifiquement ce jour-là leur refus de voir les Frères musulmans se mettre au-dessus des institutions. Leurs demandes sont claires et légitimes. D’autre part, il y a les scènes de violence auxquelles on assiste à Port-Saïd, à Suez et à Alexandrie. Je les condamne totalement. Est-il acceptable qu’à Port-Saïd plus de 30 personnes meurent, la plupart dans la fleur de l’âge, à la suite de la condamnation à mort de 21 personnes, dont beaucoup sont des baltaguiat [voyous] notoires ou ont de graves antécédents ?

Comment le gouvernement aurait-il dû traiter cette crise à Port-Saïd ? Il aurait dû expliquer qu’il ne s’agissait pas de s’en prendre à la ville – car les citoyens, là-bas, ont l’impression d’être visés collectivement. C’est ce qui explique leurs réflexes tribaux et le fait qu’ils fassent bloc autour des coupables. Il aurait fallu qu’ils comprennent que la justice a condamné des voyous, des voyous qui ne sont pas spécifiques à Port-Saïd.

Et qu’en est-il des violences à Suez ?
A Suez, les gens ont l’impression de ne pas être entendus par les Frères musulmans, qui n’ont en effet de considération que pour leur propre confrérie et pour leur “famille”. [Le président Morsi fait souvent référence, dans ses discours, à “[sa] famille et tribu”, afin de créer un sentiment de proximité avec les Egyptiens.] Cette attitude rappelle celle de l’ancien régime. C’est tout à fait normal de la part d’un exécutif dont les fils sont tirés en coulisses par l’organisation des Frères musulmans, une organisation qui défend ses propres intérêts et non ceux du peuple égyptien.

Le chaos risque-t-il de s’étendre à d’autres régions du pays ?
Malheureusement, la violence risque d’aller croissant et d’atteindre d’autres régions.

L’armée pourrait-elle intervenir en faveur d’un camp ou d’un autre ?
Premièrement, l’armée ne doit pas se comporter comme elle l’a fait pendant la période de transition. Ensuite, je pense qu’elle n’interviendra que pour protéger les installations vitales, pas pour prendre parti.

Que se passera-t-il en cas d’affrontements entre citoyens et partisans des Frères musulmans ?
Il y a déjà eu des affrontements entre partisans des Frères et révolutionnaires devant la présidence de la République [en novembre dernier]. Si cela devait se reproduire, l’armée ne pourrait “malheureusement” pas intervenir. Le régime actuel doit se rendre compte qu’en cas de poursuite de la violence il ne pourra pas régler le problème en ayant recours à l’armée. Il faudra au contraire qu’il trouve d’urgence une issue politique.

Que pensez-vous de la façon qu’a le ministère de l’Intérieur de gérer la situation ?
L’Intérieur est en mode autodéfense. Les policiers ne se laisseront plus utiliser par quelque régime que ce soit pour affronter le peuple. Or, à Port-Saïd par exemple, où des habitants ont attaqué une prison et tué 2 policiers, on a désormais affaire à une vendetta entre policiers et criminels. Cela n’a plus rien à voir avec la politique des Frères musulmans.

Comment voyez-vous l’avenir ?
L’Egypte va au-devant d’une énorme crise et le pire est à venir.

Quelle est la solution ?
Les Frères doivent réviser leur politique en profondeur. Il faut reprendre à la base les fondements sur lesquels repose le régime actuel. Cela ne peut se faire qu’en révisant les articles controversés de la Constitution, en mettant un terme à la politique des Frères, qui consiste à établir leur domination sur tous les rouages de l’Etat, et en mettant en règle le statut de la confrérie [association qui fonctionne toujours comme une organisation secrète, aucune régularisation de sa situation n’ayant eu lieu depuis la révolution].






 

 

 

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Exclusive Interview with Former Egyptian PM Ahmed Shafiq

Exclusive Interview with Former Egyptian PM Ahmed Shafiq | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Asharq Al-Awsat, former Egyptian Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq spoke about the current political situation in the country, criticizing the performance of the Muslim Brotherhood-led government there, in addition to expressing his deep love for his homeland.

General Shafiq narrowly lost the 2012 Egyptian presidential elections to Freedom and Justice party candidate Mohamed Mursi. Shafiq obtained 48 percent of the vote in the election run-off, losing to the Muslim Brotherhood candidate who won 52 percent of the vote. He has since left Egypt and is residing in the United Arab Emirates.

 

Asharq Al-Awsat] What’s your view of the situation in Egypt two years on from the 25 January revolution?

[Shafiq] The situation is very bad to the point that we are in danger and it cannot continue in this manner. First, the political problem is primarily a domestic one, because the Egyptian people do not accept—in any way, shape, or form—what is happening; that is the greatest problem. As for the external problem, this is that the whole world is well aware, without any shadow of a doubt, of the Egyptian people’s rejection of the methods of the current regime.

 

[Asharq Al-Awsat] In your view, is this problem due to the ruling regime or the opposition, or are both parties at fault?

[Shafiq] By God, all parties have their problems, however the primary problem in the country are due to the rulers, namely the Muslim Brotherhood. The rulers completely failed to achieve any of the desired results that are talked about following any regime change.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Asharq Al-Awsat] Speaking from outside, how do you view the position of the Egyptian military and Interior Ministry regarding what is happening in Egypt?

 

[Shafiq] They (the ruling regime) are playing a game whereby the army will sit on the fence . . . that is to say, where the army is neutral. The evidence of this can be seen in the fact that on the day of the huge 2.5 million protests at the presidential palace in December, they did not allow any forces from the army or police to be deployed under the pretext of neutrality. So is it logical to sit on the fence in the middle of a conflict between the people, with one person wielding a gun and shooting the other in the back? Unarmed people were being shot in public. People would find themselves painted with a green laser and then they would be shot. Should they (the army) have refrained from returning to the streets to break up what was taking place in terms of people being assassination? Is that really neutrality? They (the regime) are afraid and wanted this result; they wanted to generate a state of fear of “the Brotherhood” in the Egyptian street. The second issue is that they are afraid of the army returning to the street and taking power once more. And I say to them (the Brotherhood): Don’t be afraid . . . the army is overwhelmed with very bad memories regarding the period it was in charge of the country. The army will not return. (...)

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Morsi plays it cool while Egypt crumbles

Morsi plays it cool while Egypt crumbles | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi is facing withering criticism and a dangerous public backlash in the wake of his controversial announcement over the weekend to hold parliamentary elections at the end of April, Arab newspapers report. (...).

 

In a television interview with the Dubai-based media channel al-Arabiya, President Morsi calmly reassures that parliamentary elections are the first step towards bringing Egypt to real political and economic stability.

 

“I invite all political forces to come together to ensure that the elections will be held with transparency and integrity,” Morsi said. “These are the first steps on the right path to achieve what is necessary for the Egyptian people.”

 

Furthermore, Morsi denied any bad blood between his administration and the Egyptian military, insisting that he has always seen the army playing a strong role in the affairs of the state. (...). Morsi vowed to visit Port Said in the very near future.

When he does, however, he may well receive a stormy reception. Protests and calls for civil disobedience are continuing for an eighth straight day in Port Said.

 

The Saudi-owned a-Sharq al-Awsat reports that the entire Suez Canal port complex was shut down yesterday when demonstrators blocked off the customs authority and all transportation leading up to it. (...)

This prompted Talaat Afifi, Egypt’s minister of religious endowments, to issue a public outcry against such action.

 

“The sole beneficiaries of the calls for civil disobedience and the disabling of state institutions are the enemies of the nation who dream of halting its march toward reconstruction and to prevent it from getting rid of a corrupt governmental system,” Afifi said.

“Islam totally rejects all claims of sabotage and violence and the disruption of people’s interests. Islamic law does not allow for the destabilization of communities.”

 

The London-based daily al-Quds al-Arabi reveals that a small number of protesters in Cairo’s Tahrir Square managed to completely shut down the Mogamma, the massive governmental services building that serves as the centerpiece of the Egyptian bureaucracy. In blocking access, 18,000 Egyptian government workers were unable to get to work.

 

According to witnesses, “the protesters did not enter the building complex,” but “confirmed that they will not allow anyone else to enter the compound either.”

 

More on: http://www.timesofisrael.com/morsi-plays-it-cool-while-egypt-crumbles/

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Qandil - Egyptians' Ambitions Not Met Yet

Qandil - Egyptians' Ambitions Not Met Yet | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Prime Minister Hisham Qandil admitted that the government has failed so far in living up to the expectations of Egyptians, blaming (Hosni) Mubarak and his regime for "30 years of corruption that brought the economy in the wrong direction.

Qandil told BBC that Morsi's administration still needs time to stand ground.

He said Egyptians will require some time to get used to practicing democracy.

 

Other Source:(BBC )

The Egyptian prime minister has dismissed suggestions that his country's economy is being mismanaged.

 

Hisham Qandil said that political upheaval was behind a delay to tax rises that were seen as crucial to agreeing a loan from the International Monetary Fund.

 

For Qandil interview on BBC: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-21215025 ;

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