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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Les femmes détenues dans les prisons égyptiennes victimes d'abus physiques et psychologiques de la part des forces de sécurité

Les femmes détenues dans les prisons égyptiennes victimes d'abus physiques et psychologiques de la part des forces de sécurité | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By Enas Hamed

In Egypt, women who have been arrested and human rights organizations are raising their voices about the physical and psychological abuse women are subjected to in prisons, detention centers and police departments.
While the number of women arrested since the June 30 events is unknown, according to the Wiki Thawra website 21,317 people were arrested between June 30 and Dec. 31, 2013. This figure includes women, some of whom reported being subject to abuses during and after their arrest.

Tasneem was one of these detainees. A fourth-year student at the Faculty of Medicine at Al-Azhar University, she was arrested on campus on Dec. 30 during a protest organized by the Al-Azhar student group against police having permission to enter university campuses. She told Al-Monitor that a number of security members chased her and grabbed her by her clothes. Tasneem said although she told the security force members she would surrender without their pushing her, one of them dragged her by the hand to force her into a police car. When she fell to the ground, she said nearly 15 security officers gathered around her, kicking her in the back and abdomen and pulled her to the car, where an officer hit her with a baton on sensitive body parts and slapped her face multiple times.

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Le rôle politique des femmes depuis la Révolution du 25 janvier

Le rôle politique des femmes depuis la Révolution du 25 janvier | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Women have continued to play a great role in different protests since the January 25 Revolution. They have demonstrated for and against the three referendums and the parliamentary and presidential elections. Women have also facedthe challenges and dangers that befall revolutionaries.

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Infographie : quel est le style "convenable" pour les femmes?

Infographie : quel est le style "convenable" pour les femmes? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Quel est le style vestimentaire qui convient pour une femme ? Cette enquête, menée dans sept pays musulmans, a suscité un grand intérêt à travers le monde. Le Pew Research Center américain a interrogé le directeur de l'enquête sur les méthodes et le déroulement.

 

Pourquoi avez-vous soulevé la question du style vestimentaire féminin musulman dans votre enquête ? Qu'espériez-vous apprendre ?

Mansoor Moaddel* : Les objectifs principaux de ce projet sont : 1) expliquer les variations du fondamentalisme religieux dans les sept pays concernés par l'enquête, 2) déterminer l'étendue de la pénétration des valeurs occidentales dans ces pays et 3) montrer les variations d'attitude parmi les personnes qui vivent dans ces pays quant à des questions comme l'égalité des sexes, la laïcité et la religion.

Dans les années 1920, l'avènement d'un Etat laïque moderne en Egypte, en Iran et en Turquie a créé un contexte qui a permis aux femmes de s'engager dans des mouvements pour leurs droits. En Egypte, après la déclaration d'indépendance de 1922, Huda Shaarawi a fondé l'Union féministe égyptienne et renoncé à son voile, et nombre de femmes des classes aisées ont suivi son exemple. En Iran et en Turquie, l'Etat a eu pour politique officielle de forcer les femmes à renoncer au voile.

Pour maintenir l'institution de la suprématie masculine, les fondamentalistes musulmans ont attaqué le mouvement des femmes sur la question qu'ils pensaient la plus fragile – la liberté de s'habiller comme elles l'entendent. L'ayatollah Morteza Motahhari, religieux iranien et l'un des principaux porte-parole du fondamentalisme chiite, a recadré le débat sur le voile en faisant de l'absence de voile l'équivalent de la nudité. Et cela fait plus de cent ans que pontes et gens ordinaires débattent de la légitimité du voile.

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Une superwoman voilée pour défendre les droits des femmes en Egypte.

Une superwoman voilée pour défendre les droits des femmes en Egypte. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
By Shounaz Meky 

Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No, it is Qahera, a new web-based comic heroine who fights social problems affecting women in Egypt.

Qahera, the Arabic word for ‘Cairo’, is on a mission to combat “misogyny and Islamophobia, among other things,” said 19-year-old comic designer Deena Mohamed, whose work is presented in Arabic and English.

The name Cairo “has so many strong meanings, like ‘vanquisher’ and ‘conqueror.’ It seemed appropriate for a superhero,” Mohamed told Al Arabiya News.

“It seemed only natural for her to combat sexual harassment in Egypt, because she mostly deals with issues that frustrate me, and this was a significant one that needed to be addressed,” Mohamed added.

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En Égypte, un super-héros lutte contre le harcèlement sexuel

En Égypte, un super-héros lutte contre le harcèlement sexuel | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

En Egypte, les cas de viols et d’agressions sexuelles des femmes sont souvent relatés par la presse, à défaut de faire l’objet de plaintes des victimes tant la société égyptienne est très enfermée dans le tabou de la sexualité.

 

Vêtu d'une cape à fleurs, il a besoin d'un chewing-gum à la cannelle pour lutter contre ses ennemis et d'un long repos après ses confrontations – C'est Supermakh !

Briser le tabou du harcèlement sexuel

De retour cette année dans la revue égyptienne de BD intitulée Tok Tok, Supermakh, la version égyptienne de Superman a pour mission principale d'aider les femmes et les jeunes filles à arrêter leurs persécuteurs. En parlant ouvertement du harcèlement sexuel, Supermakh brise un tabou social très répandu en Egypte et cherche à traiter le problème avec légèreté tout en soulignant les raisons et facteurs qui permettent à cette pratique de se poursuivre dans le pays. La BD offre aussi des modèles aux hommes et aux femmes pour gérer le harcèlement sexuel et des exemples montrant des relations respectueuses entre les deux sexes. En brisant le silence et en parlant de harcèlement sexuel dans la culture populaire, Supermakh pourrait enfin contribuer à mettre fin à ce grave problème.

 

La société égyptienne – musulmane ou chrétienne – est, en général, assez conservatrice et le sexe demeure un sujet tabou dont il ne faut pas parler. Aussi les femmes sont-elles souvent gênées d'aller porter plainte pour harcèlement sexuel. De plus, les plaintes signalées à la police reçoivent en général une réponse médiocre ou inadaptée, conduisant beaucoup de femmes à penser qu'il est vain d'aller demander de l'aide. Toutefois, personne ne s'attaquera à ce problème si le silence sur ce sujet perdure.

 

Plus: http://www.jolpress.com/egypte-harcelement-sexuel-super-heros-supermakh-article-818700.html

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National Council for Women fights sexual harassment

National Council for Women fights sexual harassment | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s National Council for Women (NCW) has put forward a new bill against sexual harassment to the cabinet, according to state-owned Al-Ahram.

The bill proposes a minimum sentence of one year to five years in prison for harassers, along with fines of up to EGP 10,000.

Sexual harassment in the workplace would result in a minimum three-year prison sentence and a minimum fine of EGP 10,000.

 

Salma Hegab | Daily news Egypt

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/04/06/national-council-for-women-fights-sexual-harassment/

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Women suffer under Egypt's radical rule – in pictures

Women suffer under Egypt's radical rule – in pictures | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Photographer Gary Calton and reporter Tracy McVeigh travelled with Plan Egypt to cover the story of the women taking to the streets, opposing a new constitution that sweeps away their rights and opens the way for girls of 13 to be married. Their protests bring them into violent confrontation with government supporters.


The Guardian

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/gallery/2013/mar/31/egypt-cairo-women-rights-revolution?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=t.co

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Women only: Will a segregated transport system solve the problem of harassment - or perpetuate it?

Women only: Will a segregated transport system solve the problem  of harassment - or perpetuate it? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

“Women only,” a driver’s assistant calls out loudly, while expertly hanging out the door of a microbus on the corner of Abbas al-Aqqad Street, in the upper-middle class neighborhood of Nasr City.

As he repeats the call, women start piling up to board the microbus, labeled with a bright orange banner reading: “Transportation for women only, by the Strong Egypt Party.”

In January, the moderate Islamist party led by former presidential candidate Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh launched an initiative called “Transportation that respects women,” in an effort to alleviate the problems many women face daily on public transport.

Female commuters have a very tough time traveling safely, says Fatma Badr, the mastermind behind the initiative and one of the party’s founders.

“We have to squeeze our way through a crowd, particularly in rush hour,” Badr says. “Otherwise, we’d be waiting around for hours trying to find vacant seats.”

Hence the idea of women-only transport.

 

Heba Helmy / Egypt independent

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/women-only-will-segregated-transport-system-solve-problem-harassment-or-perpetuate-it

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Morsi's women initiative criticised

Morsi's women initiative criticised | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Women’s rights group Fouada Watch criticised President Mohamed Morsi’s initiative regarding women, rejecting its contents completely.

Morsi announced a new initiative on Sunday to support Egyptian women’s rights, expand their role in Egyptian society and resolve their most pressing challenges.

Fouada Watch, a women’s rights watchdog campaign, said in a statement released on Monday that the president’s vision regarding women’s rights has timed-out, adding that his vision cannot be farther from what Egypt is currently going through.

 

Rana Muhammad Taha | Daily news Egypt

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/26/morsis-women-initiative-criticised/

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Egyptian Women Blamed for Sexual Assaults

Egyptian Women Blamed for Sexual Assaults | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The sheer number of women sexually abused and gang raped in a single public square had become too big to ignore. Conservative Islamists in Egypt’s new political elite were outraged — at the women.

“Sometimes,” said Adel Abdel Maqsoud Afifi, a police general, lawmaker and ultraconservative Islamist, “a girl contributes 100 percent to her own raping when she puts herself in these conditions.”

The increase in sexual assaults over the last two years has set off a new battle over who is to blame, and the debate has become a stark and painful illustration of the convulsions racking Egypt as it tries to reinvent itself.

Under President Hosni Mubarak, the omnipresent police kept sexual assault out of the public squares and the public eye. But since Mr. Mubarak’s exit in 2011, the withdrawal of the security forces has allowed sexual assault to explode into the open, terrorizing Egyptian women.

Women, though, have also taken advantage of another aspect of the breakdown in authority — by speaking out through the newly aggressive news media, defying social taboos to demand attention for a problem the old government often denied. At the same time, some Islamist elected officials have used their new positions to vent some of the most patriarchal impulses in Egypt’s traditional culture and a deep hostility to women’s participation in politics.

 

Plus: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/26/world/middleeast/egyptian-women-blamed-for-sexual-assaults.html?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss

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Egypt opposition criticizes president's initiative for women

Egypt opposition criticizes president's initiative for women | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt's National Salvation Front criticized on Sunday the presidency's initiative to support women rights for ignoring the National Council for Women (NCW), considering this an attempt to create an alternative body to the council.

Presidential Aide, Pakinam Sharakwi, called on Saturday for launching a new initiative to support women rights under the auspices of President Mohamed Mursi, who hails from the Muslim Brotherhood.

"The presidential initiative for supporting the rights and freedoms of Egyptian women seeks to upgrade the conditions of women. This initiative is undertaken in cooperation between the presidency and the National Center for Social and Criminal Research along with several NGOs," said the initiative's page on Facebook.

The page explained that this initiative stems from the sense of responsibility towards maintaining the status of women.

"The president's initiative ignored the National Council for Women which is the most concerned entity with women rights," NCW member and professor of political science, Nevine Mosaad, said, stressing that most members of the council decided to boycott the initiative's conference.

 

Aswat Masriya

More : http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=2453ab19-8a63-41e0-8247-e214813ba162

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Women violated in the cradle of Egypt's revolution, activists say

Women violated in the cradle of Egypt's revolution, activists say | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
By Susan Kroll and Marian Smith, NBC News

Cairo's Tahrir Square, once the staging ground for the massive uprising that ousted Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, is quickly becoming notorious for something very different: an organized campaign of sexual assaults, activists say.

The past year has seen an increase in attacks against women at demonstrations, but recently they have been particularly rampant – and, according to witnesses and activists, they have been following similar patterns.

On the two-year anniversary of the revolution on Jan. 25, at least 19 women were sexually assaulted in and around Tahrir Square in one night, some with knives, activists said. Dozens more cases have been reported in the two months since.

 

More : http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/03/23/17415498-women-violated-in-the-cradle-of-egypts-revolution-activists-say?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=t.co

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Egypt's women's council criticizes Islamists

Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt's official women's rights council says Islamists who reject a U.N. blueprint to combat violence against women and girls are promoting the idea that Islam favors violence against women.

Last week, 131 countries at the United Nations approved the non-binding document to combat violence against women and girls. Egypt's ruling Muslim Brotherhood strongly objected to the document, saying it clashed with Islamic principles and sought to destroy the family.

 

Mariam Rizk / AP, via Yahoo news

More : http://news.yahoo.com/egypts-womens-council-criticizes-islamists-181438427.html;_ylt=AwrNUPwUW0tRkFcAAQD_wgt.

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Des femmes torturées et victimes d'abus sexuels dans les prisons égyptiennes

Des femmes torturées et victimes d'abus sexuels dans les prisons égyptiennes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's Women against the Coup movement has revealed that the authorities arrested 200 women in December and January and accused the interior ministry of torture and sexual abuse. "We registered the arrest of 200 women since the ratification of the Demonstration Act, which requires prior permission from the interior ministry for any demonstration and imposes severe retribution against dissidents," said a report by the group.

According to Turkish news agency Anadolu, the women's movement pointed out that female students from Al-Azhar University top the list of prisoners, which includes girls under 15 years old and elderly ladies of 60-plus.

The movement's report noted that most arrests took place on the last Friday of December when 40 women were taken into custody. "Criminal sentences handed down in absentia started to appear in January," the report said. "Six female students from Al-Azhar were sentenced to one year in prison and six from Nasser City were sentenced to five years."

Women against the Coup said that violations against the women prisoners "started from the minute that they were arrested"; the report also uses the term "kidnapped". "They were beaten by batons, their scarfs were removed and they were pulled by the hair; clothes were ripped off and they were sexually molested by officers who touched their private parts," it alleged.

When the prisoners arrived at police stations they were obliged to strip off their clothes and, again, police officers touched their private parts and beat them before putting them in "inappropriate" cells. "After they were taken to Al-Qanater Prison," claims the report, "the women faced virginity tests and were mixed with common criminals, who also attacked them."

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Du 8 et 13 février, l'organisation "Des femmes sur les Murs" sera dans les rues du Caire pour peindre les murs et parler des problèmes et de l'autonomisation des femmes.

Du 8 et 13 février, l'organisation "Des femmes sur les Murs" sera dans les rues du Caire pour peindre les murs et parler des problèmes et de l'autonomisation des femmes. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

For six consecutive days between 8 and 13 February, the Women on Walls (WOW) project will take to the streets of Cairo to paint walls and talk about women’s issues and empowerment. As such, WOW aims at empowering artists, especially female graffiti artists.

 

 

WOW's initiative was born in spring 2013, when over 40 artists participated in the project and covered streets of four cities, Mansoura, Alexandria, Cairo and Luxor with art. The 2013 event saw artists transforming the walls of a downtown Cairo parking garage into a street art gallery.

This time, supported by Nazra for Feminist Studies and HarassMap, WOW will concentrate on downtown walls of the Sherif Street parking lot, near the Borg El-Lewa.  World-renowned Swedish graffiti artist Carolina Falkholt (street names: Blue and Grafitta) will also join in this year’s event, and will conduct a graffiti workshop.

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2e atelier sur les droits politiques de la femme arabe

Les travaux du 2e atelier sur "les droits politiques de la femme arabe", organisé par la commission du Parlement arabe pour la préparation du "texte arabe sur les droits de la femme", ont pris fin, dimanche au Caire, en présence du président du Parlement arabe, Ahmed Al-Jarouane.

L’atelier a porté sur trois séances axées sur différents thèmes relatifs aux droits de la femme arabe entre réalité et application. Il s’agit des droits de la femme et les législations nationales, les droits de la femme et la législation islamique (charia), les droits de la femme et les conventions internationales.

Concernant les droits de la femme et les conventions internationales, l’atelier a recommandé aux pays arabes n’ayant pas encore ratifié les conventions internationales et régionales sur les droits de la femme à y adhérer tout en respectant leurs engagements conformément aux normes internationales en matière des droits de l’Homme.

Les recommandations portent également sur l’introduction des programmes scolaires inculquant la culture du droit de la femme, la réhabilitation de l’image de la femme en se référant aux exemples de réussite de la femme notamment dans la politique.

S’agissant des recommandations du groupe de travail sur les droits politiques de la femme arabe entre réalité et législations nationales arabes, les participants ont recommandé de rétablir les droits de la femme arabe en tant que citoyenne jouissant de tous ses droits dont celui de donner sa nationalité à ses enfants et d’avoir une présence sur les plans législatif, exécutif et judiciaire.

Les participants ont également mis l’accent sur l’importance de rapprocher les législations arabes régissant les affaires de la femme qui doivent prendre en compte les normes internationales en vigueur en matière de droits politiques, et de garantir les droits politiques de la femme arabe dans les constitutions et législations.

Il est également question d’encourager la femme arabe à adhérer aux instances politiques et de lui ouvrir la voie pour une participation active dans les activités syndicales et des organisations de la société civile qui sont appelées à soutenir la représentation de la femme dans les centres de prise de décision sur la base de la compétence.

Les participants ont exhorté le Parlement arabe et les parties en charge des affaires de la femme dans le cadre de la Ligue arabe à publier un rapport annuel détaillé sur la situation de la femme arabe et les progrès enregistrés sur le plan législatif en matière de respect des droits de la femme.

Ils ont enfin appelé à la création de l’Union des femmes arabes qui constituera un espace de concertation autour des revendications de la femme arabe.

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L'Union féministe égyptienne a lancé une campagne intitulée "Campagne des femmes pour les femmes" pour soutenir les femmes candidates aux prochaines élections législatives.

L'Union féministe égyptienne a lancé une campagne intitulée "Campagne des femmes pour les femmes" pour soutenir les femmes candidates aux prochaines élections législatives. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By MARWA EL GHOUL

CAIRO: The Egyptian Feminist Union launched a campaign entitled “Women Campaign for Women” to support women candidates in the upcoming parliamentary elections, union head Hoda Badran said.

Badran added in press statement on Thursday that the union does not want the recurrence of women conditions in the dissolved parliament where only 10 representatives were women, and as such the campaign aims to collect 30 million EGP (U.S. $4.3 million) to support 100 women candidates to run in the upcoming parliamentary elections.

“We will also have role in the next period in rallying women to participate in the presidential and parliamentary elections, in addition to awaken them to vote for the candidates promoted by the union,” Badran said.

The main dilemma which obstructs women from running in the parliamentary elections is the campaign costs, Badran said, adding that the union would solve this. Badarn said that the union will bear the electoral campaign costs of the 100 women who will run in the upcoming parliamentary elections.

Badran underscored the extent of the effort by the union to support the 2013 roadmap, in addition to its support to the constitution through the union associations numbering up to 150 associations. She added that the union played a prominent role in rallying women to cast their votes in the constitutional referendum through conferences held by the union to explain the constitutional articles.

Badran said that there was a high turnout of women voters in the constitutional referendum, which she called “definitive proof to those who claim that the woman should not have the right to practice political life.”

The union dedicated phone numbers for donations to the campaign through Bank Misr number 204660, Egypt Post 3030, in addition to the hotline 0233031131, Badran said.

Originally published in Youm7.

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Egypt: activist Ziada, sad to say things better under Mubarak Brotherhood doesn't love women; suffering crisis more (5 April)

Egypt: activist Ziada, sad to say things better under Mubarak Brotherhood doesn't love women; suffering crisis more (5 April) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Women are 'an integral part of Egyptian society' though they are suffering the most from the economic crisis which is getting worse every day in Egypt, said in an interview with ANSAmed Dalia Ziada, a human rights activist, blogger and the director of the Ibn Khaldum Center for Democratic Studies. Ziada is in Marseille to attend the Forum promoted by the Anna Lindh Foundation.

'Over 30% of women are 'caring women' like widows or divorcees who are working to support their families', said the activist. 'They work at a time when men are having a hard time finding a proper job'.

In the past, said Ziada, poor women benefited from measures supporting their businesses, which were sponsored by Suzanne Mubarak, wife of the president who was toppled in the January 25 revolution. Now 'they have no one sponsoring them', she said.

The activist, who was awarded a prize in 2010 by the Anna Lindh Foundation, told ANSAmed that 'it is sad to say that the situation for women was much better during the Mubarak era'. 'It was not the best possible but it was still better than today because there was a state which supported women's rights', she noted. 'Suzanne Mubarak was a women's rights activist before being the president's wife and a staunch supporter of new laws in favour of women', continued the activist. 'Now we have a regime which is very hostile to women, an extremist regime of the Muslim Brotherhood which doesn't like women, least of all in public life and the economy'. The regime is so hostile, the activist noted, that it accuses women of 'causing men's unemployment' based on the conviction that if they stayed home their jobs would go to men. 'However it's a problem of qualifications', noted Ziada, which has nothing to do with being women or men.

 

More on:http://ansamed.ansa.it/ansamed/en/news/sections/politics/2013/04/05/Egypt-activist-Ziada-sad-say-things-better-Mubarak_8504662.html

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How Egypt's radical rulers crush the lives and hopes of women

How Egypt's radical rulers crush the lives and hopes of women | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Women who stood shoulder to shoulder with men during the 2011 Tahrir Square protests that brought down Hosni Mubarak found their position in society undermined almost immediately. The parliamentary quota for women was removed without debate and a promised female vice-president failed to materialise, amid what political commentator Moushira Khattab called "a radical anti-feminist sentiment". Morsi threatened but stopped short of decriminalising Egypt's practice of female genital mutilation, carried out on almost three-quarters of Egyptian girls, making it clear he would not tackle an issue he called "a family matter".

The new constitution has swept away recognition of women's rights and left the door open to the legalisation of perhaps Egypt's most crippling social issue – underage marriage. Draft legislation that would allow the legal age of marriage to be lowered from 18 to 13 has been drawn up while clerics within the Muslim Brotherhood have indicated that marriage at the age of nine for girls is acceptable.

"They see women as, number one, objects of sex and, number two, to clean their floors. This is what the Egyptian 'brotherhood' is all about," said Fatma, 24, an engineering graduate marching with her friends, some in burqas, some in headscarves. The women keep close together, arms linked and eyes alert for the men flying down the side of the demonstration on motorcycles grabbing and screaming at females. "They want to marry us at nine years old.


The Guardian

More : http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/mar/31/egypt-cairo-women-rights-revolution

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The Ongoing Battle for the Female Body

The Ongoing Battle for the Female Body | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Although the forbidden practice of female genital mutilation has nothing to do with Islam, Egypt's Islamists are determined to have it legalised once again. The consequences for Egypt's women would be disastrous. (...)

With the ascendancy of the Islamists, FGM is now finding renewed support. Last year, people heard Islamist parliamentarians calling for the return of FGM from the floor of the National Assembly. In the run-up to the final round of the presidential elections last spring, some members of the Muslim Brotherhoods' Freedom and Justice Party went around villages offering reduced-rate FGM operations. They were spotted, for example, in Minya Province in the village of Abu Aziz. When their FGM services attracted public attention, they abruptly vanished, fully aware that that performing FGM was a criminal act; they denied any involvement in peddling the practice.

So what is the situation regarding FGM at the moment? The global jubilation attending the resolution was tempered locally by the voting in of the new constitution and the political context in which it was drafted and approved. With the new UN declaration, will there be another round of discrediting international instruments as "anti-Islam"? Will articles of the constitution be mobilised in an effort to enable the practice of FGM, which respected religious figures have declared beyond the bounds of Islam?

What exactly are the procedures and mechanisms for determining if an act – for example the outlawing of FGM – is in accordance with the Shariah? According to article 4 of the constitution, al-Azhar must be consulted about compliance with Shariah (although the scholar experts may differ producing another problem).

If religious scholars uphold the previous pronouncement that FGM is not Islamic and a parliament dominated by Islamists votes in favour of allowing FGM, what then? Is the Shariah, which is open to various readings, to be a freely sought moral guide and inspiration or merely reduced to a political imposition?

 

Margot Badran / Qantara.de

More : http://en.qantara.de/wcsite.php?wc_c=20860&wc_id=23134&wc_p=1


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The coverage of violence against women

The coverage of violence against women | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egyptian women experience various forms of discrimination in public and private life. One of the biggest results of discrimination is violence. Although the media condemns violence and raises awareness about its enormity in some outlets, it has been accused of accidently perpetuating violence as well. Daily News Egypt investigates how violence against Egyptian women is covered in both printed and televised media.

 

Sarah El Masry | Daily news Egypt

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Troubling parallels, hopeful differences: Iran, women, and the 'Arab spring'

Troubling parallels, hopeful differences: Iran, women, and the 'Arab spring' | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Despite parallels with Iran, Haideh Moghissi notes more hopeful prospects for the future of women’s rights and democracy in post-Arab spring regimes.

 

It is  hard not to inspired by the popular uprisings, that have come to be known collectively as the ‘Arab Spring.’ Yet, the swift turn in favour of Islamist parties, in Egypt and Tunisia, while not unexpected, is cause for concern. For Iranian women who lived through the establishment of the Islamic regime in Iran, what we are witnessing in relation to Tunisia and Egypt is distressingly familiar. Expressing concerns over emergent regimes  in Arab countries, Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi called upon Arab women in March 2012 to Iran. We understood very well the hidden meaning of President Morsi’s statement after his electoral victory  – that the Muslim Brotherhood’s success reflected the second conquest of Egypt by Islam.”

 

The developments that have taken place in the region, so far  justify  our misgivings. Attempts at redefining women’s rights and status in the new constitutions and at rolling back of the reforms to family law achieved in previous decades, as well as intimidating tactics for pushing women out of public spaces speak to the challenges ahead for women in the Arab counties in which military regimes were overthrown  through a revolution.  

 

Not withstanding all of the foregoing, no one can truly anticipate the direction that the Arab uprisings will take in the near future. For a variety reasons, including the lessons learned from the revolution in Iran, as well as differences between the conditions and the major players in the Iranian and the Arab contexts, it is possible, and one should certainly remain hopeful, that the unfinished revolutions, particularly in Tunisia and Egypt will produce results more favourable to the democratic forces that started the uprisings.

 

More on: http://www.opendemocracy.net/5050/haideh-moghissi/troubling-parallels-hopeful-differences-iran-women-and-arab-spring?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+opendemocracy+(openDemocracy)

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Morsi announces initiative to support women’s rights

Morsi announces initiative to support women’s rights | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

President Mohamed Morsi announced a new initiative on Sunday to support Egyptian women’s rights which aims to expand the role of women and resolve their most pressing challenges.

The initiative’s objectives include exploring methods that help improve the lives of women in Egypt, whether in rural or urban areas, while researching their status politically, economically, and socially. The project also aims at recognising and prioritising the challenges facing women across the country’s 27 governorates. (...)

During the inauguration of the initiative, Morsi said the project is a response to deliberately negative campaigns that distort the status of women in Egypt.

“The initiative will put an end to any attempts to marginalise women, diminish their rights, or suppress their freedom and dignity,” Morsi said.

In his speech, Morsi cited statistics showing high levels of illiteracy and unemployment among Egyptian women. He also mentioned that women are not fairly represented in senior leadership positions in the country.

 

Ethar Shalaby | Daily news Egypt

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/24/morsi-announces-initiative-to-support-womens-rights/

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Study: 85% of women do not feel a political party represents them

Study: 85% of women do not feel a political party represents them | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A study conducted by market research company TNS shows that from a sample of 500 women from different social classes, 84% feel less secure financially after the 2011 Revolution.

Women’s rights activists Shahenda Maqlad said “the entire Egyptian society feels this way”.

Head of the Women’s Committee for the Freedom and Justice Party Sabah Al-Saqary said women are part of the society and they are impacted by the economic downturn the country is going through, just like anyone else in society. She said women are not being targeted.

The study focused on the changes that happened in the lives of women in the past two years.

In regards to political representation, the study said that 85% of women feel that there is no political party that represents their views and opinions.

 

Hend Kortam | Daily news Egypt

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/23/study-85-of-women-do-not-feel-a-political-party-represents-them/

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Egyptian Women Take on Sexual Assault Problem

Egyptian Women Take on Sexual Assault Problem | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The sheer number of women sexually abused and gang raped in a single public square had become too big to ignore. Conservative Islamists in Egypt’s new political elite were outraged — at the women.

 

“Sometimes,” said Adel Abdel Maqsoud Afifi, a police general, lawmaker and ultraconservative Islamist, “a girl contributes 100 percent to her own raping when she puts herself in these conditions.”

 

The increase in sexual assaults over the last two years and the ensuing battle over who is to blame has become a stark and painful illustration of the convulsions racking Egypt as it tries to reinvent itself after the toppling of the police state. (...)

But women have tried to harness at least one aspect of a society increasingly unmoored, by turning to a newly aggressive news media to go public, defying social taboos to demand attention for a problem the old government often denied. At the same time, some Islamist elected officials have also gone public — with the most patriarchal impulses in Egypt’s traditional culture that reveal deep hostility toward politically active women.

These officials declared that the female victims had invited the attacks by participating along with men in public protests. “How do they ask the Ministry of Interior to protect a woman when she stands among men?” said Reda Saleh Al al-Hefnawi, a lawmaker from the Muslim Brotherhood’s political party, asked at a parliamentary meeting called to discuss the issue.

 

More on: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/23/world/middleeast/egyptian-women-take-on-sexual-assault-problem.html?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss&_r=0

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