Égypt-actus
Follow
Find tag "excision"
364.5K views | +81 today
Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
Curated by Egypt-actus
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

The Ongoing Battle for the Female Body

The Ongoing Battle for the Female Body | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Although the forbidden practice of female genital mutilation has nothing to do with Islam, Egypt's Islamists are determined to have it legalised once again. The consequences for Egypt's women would be disastrous. (...)

With the ascendancy of the Islamists, FGM is now finding renewed support. Last year, people heard Islamist parliamentarians calling for the return of FGM from the floor of the National Assembly. In the run-up to the final round of the presidential elections last spring, some members of the Muslim Brotherhoods' Freedom and Justice Party went around villages offering reduced-rate FGM operations. They were spotted, for example, in Minya Province in the village of Abu Aziz. When their FGM services attracted public attention, they abruptly vanished, fully aware that that performing FGM was a criminal act; they denied any involvement in peddling the practice.

So what is the situation regarding FGM at the moment? The global jubilation attending the resolution was tempered locally by the voting in of the new constitution and the political context in which it was drafted and approved. With the new UN declaration, will there be another round of discrediting international instruments as "anti-Islam"? Will articles of the constitution be mobilised in an effort to enable the practice of FGM, which respected religious figures have declared beyond the bounds of Islam?

What exactly are the procedures and mechanisms for determining if an act – for example the outlawing of FGM – is in accordance with the Shariah? According to article 4 of the constitution, al-Azhar must be consulted about compliance with Shariah (although the scholar experts may differ producing another problem).

If religious scholars uphold the previous pronouncement that FGM is not Islamic and a parliament dominated by Islamists votes in favour of allowing FGM, what then? Is the Shariah, which is open to various readings, to be a freely sought moral guide and inspiration or merely reduced to a political imposition?

 

Margot Badran / Qantara.de

More : http://en.qantara.de/wcsite.php?wc_c=20860&wc_id=23134&wc_p=1


more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Egypt's top court upholds female genital mutilation ban

Egypt's top court upholds female genital mutilation ban | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's top court reinforced a ban on female genital mutilation Sunday.

The court rejected a lawsuit that challenged a 2007 health ministry decision to criminalize FGM, according to Al Ahram Online.

Egypt-actus's insight:

The suit was first filed in 2008 by Islamist lawyers who claimed the FGM ban violated Article 2 of the 1971 constitution and was inconsistent with the principles of Sharia Law.

FGM, according to the World Health Organization, includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. They can cause severe bleeding, problems urinating, and later lead to cysts, infections, infertility and complications in child birth.

Female genital mutilation is one of Egypt’s most taboo subjects and one of its darkest secrets, says GlobalPost senior correspondent Erin Cunningham.

Unlike the rest of the Arab world, FGM is widespread, particularly in rural areas where a prohibition on the practice is rarely enforced. It was banned in 2008, when the UN says more than 90 percent of Egyptian women were circumcised.

There’s a misconception that Islamic scholars and the Quran endorse FGM as a way to ensure a woman’s purity before marriage, but Cunningham reports that the practice crosses religious lines and is also carried out in Christian communities.

The 2007 decision which the lawsuit challenged lays out punishment for carrying out FGM, including a prison term of three months to two years, or a fine of no less than 5,000 Egyptian pounds ($745), according to the Egypt Independent.

But since the uprising two years ago, police forces have largely withdrawn from the streets, according to Cunningham:

Punishing perpetrators of something like FGM is likely last on the list of law enforcement priorities. Activists are also worried that with an Islamist-dominated government, that tolerance of FGM is likely to increase and roll back decades of work to halt the circumcisions.

 

More : http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/middle-east/egypt/130204/egypts-top-court-upholds-female-genital-mutilation-ba?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=t.co

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Female genital mutilation: A bitter experience

Today marks the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, a practice that affects nearly 140 million girls and women worldwide, the majority in Africa, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). In November 2012, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C).

The resolution declared a global ban on the practice that came to enthrone years of exerted efforts by civil society organisations. While the UN resolution is not legally binding, it puts international and political pressure on governments to take the necessary steps to end the practice; Egypt included.

After years of women’s rights advocacy and awareness against FGM/C (interchangeable with “female circumcision”) in Egypt, there was a remarkable drop in the prevalence rate of the practice from 97% to 91.1% among women aged 15-49, according to the Demographic Health Survey carried out by the United Nations Population Fund in 2008. (Sarah El Masry/Daily News Egypt)

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/02/06/female-genital-mutilation-a-bitter-experience/

more...
No comment yet.