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Les garderies d'enfants de plus en plus populaires en Egypte

Les garderies d'enfants de plus en plus populaires en Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By Waleed Abu al-Khair 
With many families now working outside the home, nurseries are gaining popularity as a childcare option in Egypt. 
Although many nurseries have opened in recent years, many have failed to meet the standards set by the Education and Social Solidarity ministries, said Inas al-Ali of the curriculum development authority at the Ministry of Education's kindergarten department.

The ministry carries out regular inspections in order to identify nurseries which are not in compliance with these standards, she told Al-Shorfa.

Violations include those related to the suitability of the premises for the nature of the work, she said, noting that "the nursery has to be located on the first floor of a building offering space of no less than 150 square metres".

Other violations include a failure to obtain the required certificates, she said, as nursery operators must demonstrate that they have the appropriate educational qualifications and ensure there is access to a child psychologist and paediatrician.

Unlicensed nurseries can be dangerous spaces and could subject children to accidents if they are not properly equipped, she said.

"The ministry also is closely monitoring the curriculum and is making observations for improvement," al-Ali added. The curriculum will have to be changed "every five years so it can keep up to speed with the latest educational methodology".

The pressures of the modern age force many families to spend long hours away from home, she said, which makes choosing a suitable nursery important in order to ensure children receive a sound upbringing.

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Le Conseil national pour l'enfance et la maternité en 2013 signale 589 cas de maltraitance d'enfants en 2013

Le Conseil national pour l'enfance et la maternité en 2013 signale 589 cas de maltraitance d'enfants en 2013 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By MOHAMED MAHSOUB

  CAIRO: The National Council for Childhood and Motherhood’s official report for 2013 stated that 589 out of the 3166 reports that they received were cases of child abuse.

The report also said that 16 percent of the child assistance hotline calls were to report school violence against children, recording a major increase since the last report, which was 11.7 percent from 2005 to 2011.

Originally published in Youm7.

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Egypt's street children await uncertain future

Egypt's street children await uncertain future | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Ensuring that the children have contact with society is important to the staff at Hope Village Society, the NGO that runs the shelter in Nasr City.  

“Street children are often stigmatised by society.  Sometimes we take in a child, and we rehabilitate them, but society doesn’t accept them. We need to de-stigmatise street children. Society needs to change,” says Mahmoud El-Sheikh, programme director at the NGO.

Since the 2011 uprising, street children have increasingly become part of debates in the Egyptian media, where they are regularly evoked as thugs, criminals and drug addicts at the centre of episodes of political violence.

Despite this increase in visibility, the reality of the lives of street children remains mysterious; the term itself, which has pejorative connotations in Arabic, obscures more than it explains, and the children themselves are reluctant to hear the label applied to them. Experts who work with street children struggle to define exactly who the term applies to, and estimates of the number of children on the streets vary wildly from under 10,000 to several million.

 

Hazel Haddon / Ahram online

More : http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/67658.aspx

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383 children arrested in Egypt since uprising anniversary

383 children arrested in Egypt since uprising anniversary | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Egyptian Coalition for Child Rights (ECCR) said on Sunday that 383 child were arrested since the anniversary of the January 25 uprising.

A report recently issued by ECCR states that around 157 children were arrested starting January 26 until February 16, 29 of which are less than 15 years old. 12 children are still arrested.

In addition, 226 children were arrested during the ongoing clashes near Cairo's downtown and when the security forces tried to clear Tahrir Square from sit-ins. 62 of these children are less than 15 years old and 99 of them are still arrested.

The arrest of those children contradicts Article 119 of Child Law which bans preventive custody of children. Furthermore, the detention of children under the legal age is contrary to the Egyptian and international law.

Moreover, Egypt’s Child Law requires that children who are accused of a crime to be handled exclusively by the Child Court.

Thirteen-year old Omar Salah, commonly known as the potato seller, was shot in February near the U.S. embassy by the armed forces, who claimed responsibility for the accident, saying it was not intentional.

"The children are still exposed to excessive violence in police stations and places of detention. They are held responsible for vandalism and hooliganism," said a statement issued earlier by ECCR to condemn the practices of the ministry of interior towards children.

The child rights group said that Egypt's children are subjected to violations on almost a daily basis, denouncing the silence regarding these violations, pointing that the government completely ignores them.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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Des centaines d'enfants égyptiens victimes d'incarcérations illégales et de tortures

Des centaines d'enfants égyptiens victimes d'incarcérations illégales et de tortures | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les prisons égyptiennes se remplissent de mineurs. Des enfants de moins de 15 ans qui, selon la loi, ne devraient pas rester derrière les barreaux avec des détenus adultes. La pratique est pourtant courante depuis plus d’un an en Égypte. Elle s’est amplifiée depuis les manifestations consécutives au deuxième anniversaire de la révolution, le 25 janvier dernier, estiment plusieurs observateurs. (...)

Selon l'organisation internationale de défense des droits de l'Homme, Human Rights Watch, plus de 300 mineurs ont été emprisonnés illégalement en 2012, sans qu'il y ait eu procès. Ces enfants ne sont pas forcément des gamins des rues. (...)

Beaucoup de jeunes adolescents, proches du groupe de supporters des "Ultras" et de celui, plus politique, récemment constitué des "Black Bloc", sont en première ligne des manifestations, rapporte Sonia Dridi. "C’est devenu la nouvelle activité de ces gamins : aller dans les manifs et s’en prendre à la police. Les ‘Ultras’ des stades, qu’ils vénèrent, véhiculent une haine du pouvoir et de la police. Sans oublier qu’ils voient à la maison leurs parents désœuvrés et écœurés par le gouvernement. Mais il ne faut pas faire d’amalgame avec ceux qui provoquent les agressions sexuelles contre les femmes, par exemple."

Selon l’avocat Mostafa el-Alfy, les jeunes sont arrêtés aveuglément, et servent d’alibi : "aucune force de l’ordre n’oserait pénétrer l’avenue Mohamed-Mahmoud [qui mène à la place Tahrir] et arrêter les manifestants au milieu de la foule. En arrêtant des mineurs, ils cherchent à prouver aux yeux des citoyens qu’ils font leur travail, attrapent les criminels et tous ceux qui sèment le chaos dans le pays depuis un an", explique dans une interview au journal "Egypt Independent" cet avocat travaillant pour l’Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights, une association de défense des droits de l’Homme.

 

Sonia Dridi / France 24

Plus : http://www.france24.com/fr/20130311-egypte-enfants-prisonniers-illegaux-torture-manifestations-mosireen?ns_campaign=editorial&ns_source=RSS_public&ns_mchannel=RSS&ns_fee=0&ns_linkname=20130311_egypte_enfants_prisonniers_illegaux_torture_manifestations




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Street Children: Reem and the Four Year Old Eyes that Haunt Me

Street Children: Reem and the Four Year Old Eyes that Haunt Me | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

She looks at me very seriously every time I walk through the door to the children’s room on the third room. As the other under fives come crawling or running towards me, depending on which they can do, Reem stays where she is looking me, piercingly. It’s hard not trying to interpret and analyse Reem’s looks, her tone, her words. She looks at me as if she is waiting to see if I have delivered a justice she is expecting. I ache at these looks and I want to tell her to stop looking at me. I want to tell her the burden she is expecting me to carry is one too heavy. But when she eventually joins the other children to either fight to hold my hand or crawl up on my lap, the warmth of her small body balances out the cold with which she had looked at me. (...)

 

Why am I writing this? Because I want to you, reader, to be outraged like me that there is nothing that the shelter can do to protect Reem from her abusive father. There are no laws implemented that can stop us handing over Reem when he comes to take her on “family visits”. We are campaigning and we are fighting for children’s rights… all battles so they can access services and are afforded protection they are entitled to. Money isn’t going to help us save these kids; rather, having a rights based understanding of how to help them will. Funding won’t ensure their inclusion in society, a will to include them, will. (Nellyali)


More : http://nellyali.wordpress.com/2013/03/07/street-children-reem-and-the-four-year-old-eyes-that-haunt-me/

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Festival Hakawy : Le Petit Vampire

 

 

Mercredi 13 mars, 10h et 12h

Jeudi 14 mars, 10h et 12h

Théâtre Hanager, Opéra du Caire

 

Durée : 1h

Public : à partir de 7 ans et familial

 

L’Institut Français soutient la 3ème édition du festival Hakawy en invitant la compagnie Sultan Bacchus à présenter son spectacle Le petit Vampire.

Racontant la quête de lumière d’un petit vampire, ce spectacle très musical joue avec un décor qui emportera le jeune public très loin, au pays des contes…

 

La 3ème édition du festival Hakawy, festival international des arts pour enfants aura lieu du 13 au 16 mars au Caire.

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Egyptian police accused of abusing detained children

Egypt's security forces have been accused of detaining dozens of children without charge and in some cases abusing them. The government says there are laws in place to protect minors, but that they are not always enforced. Sherine Tadros spoke to one boy who described his harrowing experience.

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Tahrir Square arrests include 13 children, says rights group

Tahrir Square arrests include 13 children, says rights group | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Egyptian Coalition for Children's Rights reported 13 children were among 56 people arrested in Tahrir Square and the surrounding area Tuesday and alleged violence was used against the minors.

Some of the detainees are less than 15 years old and were taken into custody randomly, the organization alleged in a statement Wednesday evening, adding that the prosecution ordered they be turned over to their families.

Those arrested were accused of thuggery, harassment, attacking security forces with Molotov cocktails, preventing public employees from carrying out their duties and blocking traffic in the square, the statement said, describing the charges as unreasonable.

The accused were taken to Darb al-Ahmar Police Station before being transferred to prosecution offices in the Fifth Settlement and undergoing seven hours of interrogation.

The ongoing arrest of children has become one of the most serious acts by the Interior Ministry as it undermines the safety of youths and confirms the state's failure to provide care for children, the statement said.

 

More on: http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/tahrir-square-arrests-include-13-children-says-rights-group

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Violences : Ces enfants qu’on tue et qu’on torture ...

Violences : Ces enfants qu’on tue et qu’on torture ... | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Depuis la révolution, on constate de plus en plus la présence d’enfants dans la rue : on les voit aux premiers rangs des manifestations, lançant des pierres, criant et courant à toute vitesse pour échapper au danger. Parfois leur présence est incompréhensible comme celle des enfants de la rue ou de ceux qui ne rentrent chez eux que pour dormir, alors que la journée, ils sont livrés à eux-mêmes.

Rien de plus facile que de les classer dans la catégorie des voyous, de les traquer et de les jeter en prison. Qu’ils soient de vilains garnements ou de gentils garçons, leurs intentions diffèrent mais leur point commun, c’est ce scénario répétitif dont ils sont victimes et qui est celui d’une enfance malheureuse et misérable. (...)

D’après les associations des droits de l’homme, la violence contre les enfants est devenu un phénomène courant dont le ministère de l’Intérieur est le principal responsable. « Les exactions ont doublé et la situation actuelle est pire qu’à l’époque de Moubarak », avance Ghada Chahbandar, activiste. Elle ajoute que, depuis la révolution de 2011, près de 1 000 individus ont été détenus illégalement dont le tiers sont des mineurs. La moitié de ces mineurs avaient moins de 14 ans.

Les chiffres concernant les enfants détenus diffèrent. D’après le Centre égyptien des droits sociaux et économiques, il y aurait 134 mineurs détenus, 125 selon la Coalition égyptienne des droits de l’enfant. Selon les témoignages de ces mineurs, de leurs parents et des activistes et avocats, une grande partie aurait été maltraitée physiquement et psychologiquement.

 

(Hanaa Al-Mekkawi/ Al-Ahram Hebdo)


Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/963/7/133/1781/Violences%C2%A0-Ces-enfants-qu%E2%80%99on-tue-et-qu%E2%80%99on-torture%C2%A0.aspx

 
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Rights groups bring attention to street children

Rights groups bring attention to street children | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A human chain and press conference were held on Saturday at the Press Syndicate’s headquarters to highlight the plight of street children in Egypt.

Eman Mostafa, the assistant executive director of Banati Foundation which works with homeless children said the human chains were held on the steps of the syndicate. “Our children took part in it,” she said, referring to the children the foundation helps.

The event coincided with the National Day for Street Children which was Saturday, a day that focuses on the problem of child homelessness in Egypt.

The foundation reaches out to children living in the streets and, if they are willing, tries to return the children to their homes. If their families do not wish to take them back, the foundation offers them full stay and provides them with healthcare, education and offers them the chance to engage in various activities like photography. (Daily news Egypt)

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/02/24/rights-groups-bring-attention-to-street-children/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+DailyNewsEgypt+%28Daily+News+Egypt%29

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Témoignages bouleversants d’enfants torturés en Égypte

Témoignages bouleversants d’enfants torturés en Égypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:
Ils ont entre 12 et 17 ans et ont été victimes de torture par les forces de sécurité égyptiennes. Le site internet d'activistes égyptiens Mosireen a publié le 20 février une vidéo recueillant les témoignages de plusieurs enfants victimes de brutalité pendant leur arrestation et leur détention en prison. La plupart d'entre eux explique avoir été frappés par des officiers avant d’être embarqués dans des bus pour la prison et racontent le traitement dont ils ont été victimes derrière les barreaux.
Zeid Taysin Mohammad Ahmad, 12 ansUn officier a menacé de me couper la gorge avec une dague, il m’a dit que si je ne disais pas la vérité, il me couperait la tête et la jetterait dans la mer, et que personne ne saurait jamais rien." Islam Khaled Eid, 17 ans"Ils nous ont fait descendre du camion et ils ont commencé à nous frapper. Ils nous ont fait asseoir par terre et nous ont enlevé tous nos vêtements. On a attendu là pendant une heure, puis ils ont lancé des seaux d’eau sur nous […] On est resté là pendant quatre jours sans qu’ils nous donnent à manger." France 24Plus : http://observers.france24.com/fr/content/20130222-temoignages-bouleversants-enfants-tortures-egypte-tahrir
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Francoise Autier's comment, February 23, 2013 1:46 AM
shame ...
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L'association des victimes d'enlèvements met en garde contre les disparitions forcées d'enfants.

By MICHAEL FARES

CAIRO: Association of Victims of Kidnappings and Enforced Disappearances warn interim government to help halt crimes of enforced disappearance of children and against religion exploitation to disperse families.

The disappearance of minors and children threatens Egypt’s public security as well as social safety, the association said in a statement on Monday. They called on Interim President Adly Mansour, Prime Minister Hazem Al-Beblawy, and Field Marshal Abdel Fatah al-Sisi to help stop kidnappings and help intensify security.

“Egyptians must be aware that kidnapping is an alleged attempt to stir trouble in Egypt,” the statement read. The association also warned against terrorist groups’ agenda, which tries to achieve their suspicious goals to systematically erase Egypt’s identity.

Originally published in Youm7.

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La Coalition égyptienne pour les droits de l'enfant a demandé le renvoi du ministre de l'Intérieur

La Coalition égyptienne pour les droits de l'enfant a demandé le renvoi du ministre de l'Intérieur | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Egyptian Coalition for Children's Rights has called for sacking Egypt's Interior Minister and has condemned the Interior Ministry's policies of dealing with children.

The coalition denounced the government's inaction towards reforming and restructuring the Interior Ministry in line with the revolution's demands.

"It is time to change the Interior Minister," said a statement the coalition issued on Thursday.

Killing children during demonstrations and marches is a breach of the constitution, the national law and international treaties.

The group condemned the continued detention of children arrested in political events.

It said that 223 children were arrested in Cairo and Alexandria during the commemoration of the January 25 Revolution.

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Enfants des rues : Les premiers mots de la vie

Enfants des rues : Les premiers mots de la vie | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Aala al-rassif (sur le trottoir) est un groupe d’étudiants de l’Université américaine du Caire (AUC) engagé à leur apporter l’instruction dont ils ont besoin pour s’intégrer et envisager leur futur.

(...)

D’après Amina Al-Sayed, responsable du groupe, nombreuses sont les raisons qui ont poussé ce groupe à travailler avec les enfants des rues. Selon les statistiques de la direction générale de la défense civile, le nombre d’enfants de la rue était estimé en 2007 à environ 3 millions. Une autre étude effectuée par l’association Hope Village, ONG pionnière dans ce domaine, a montré que l’âge moyen d’un enfant de la rue a baissé de 15 ans à 13 ans dans les années 1980. Pire : aujourd’hui, ils ont entre 7 et 9 ans. Cette même étude montre que 58 % des enfants des rues ont subi ce sort suite à des problèmes sociaux en premier lieu, mais la crise économique a amplifié ce phénomène. Des résultats qui vont de pair avec ceux d’une nouvelle étude effectuée sur le terrain par l’association S.O.S. « On a constaté que l’exclusion familiale, l’absence totale du rôle du père, symbole de protection et de sécurité, la violence contre les enfants au sein de la famille et dans les établissements scolaires ainsi que la pauvreté extrême sont les causes principales du problème épineux des enfants de la rue », explique le sociologue du centre de logement Ad al-hayah.


Manar Attiya / Al-Ahram Hebdo

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/966/7/133/2051/-Enfants-des-rues--Les-premiers-mots-de-la-vie.aspx

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Rights group condemns child arrest following prosecution's decision

Rights group condemns child arrest following prosecution's decision | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's Coalition for Child Rights (ECCR) denounced on Tuesday the act of some members of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) of the Muslim Brotherhood group who arrested four children on Monday in front of the party's headquarter in Mukattam.

The FJP members turned the children in to the police station, accusing them of attempting to burn the party headquarters.

Lawyer of the Coalition said that arresting the children came in effect of the prosecution's decision that authorizes citizens to arrest others.

He said that up to this moment the children, aged between 15 - 18 years, are still detained.

Egypt’s general prosecution issued a decision on Sunday that grants individual citizens the right to turn in whoever is caught in the criminal act of vandalism to the authorities.

 

More on: http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=2454df79-42c9-496b-89cd-e4c13d3fccb6

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Egypt's children face an adult reality

During the recent protests in Egypt, hundreds of children have been rounded up and held in custody. But instead of being taken to juvenile centres, some end up in adult prisons, where some say other prisoners are being tortured.

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Children are being used as human shields by Egyptian security forces

Children are being used as human shields by Egyptian security forces | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Egyptian Coalition on Children’s Rights (ECCR) reported on Wednesday that security forces have been using children as human shields in clashes along the Nile Corniche in Downtown Cairo.

The report stated that during clashes on the Corniche, police officers were putting children as young as 12 in the front lines to repel attacks by protesters, often arming these children with stones and Molotov cocktails.

ECCR stressed that such action from the Ministry of Interior serves only to push the country towards chaos and highlights the complete absence of the rule of law. The report also said that the ministry is also responsible for torturing and arbitrarily arresting children, placing them in detention facilities unsuitable to hold minors. The report said that such acts, continuous since 28 February this year, are a violation of the law and constitute child exploitation tied to the political scene.

The ECCR is using the human shield argument in the defence of several children currently undergoing court hearings related to clashes in Cairo.

According to Marwa Mohssen Emam, chief of the International Relations and Reports section of ECCR, children are found in places such as Tahrir Square usually in reaction to having lost a friend or family member in clashes.

“These children are exploited by the Interior Ministry to confront the demonstrators, and this exploitation is well documented,” Mohssen Emam said, adding that “this is a crime punishable by the human trafficking law number 64 of 2010”.

Mohssen Emam also said the ECCR will submit a report to the Public Prosecutor calling for the Minister of Interior and head of security to be given the maximum legal punishment. A copy of their findings will also be sent to the Committee on the Rights of Children.

Luiz Sanchez/Daily news Egypt

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/07/eccr-children-are-being-used-as-human-shields-by-egyptian-security-forces/

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Rights of detained children in Egypt 'are being violated': UNICEF

Egypt has witnessed a wave of demonstrations by anti-government protesters since the second anniversary of the January 25 revolution. Some rights groups have described an increase in the levels of police brutality towards children arrested at demonstrations, including allegations of torture and of preventing detained children from receiving essential medical treatment.

 

Duamelle told Ahram Online that UNICEF, with the support of civil society and government partners, was providing legal assistance to around 600 children who had been accused of involvement in demonstrations and clashes in recent months.

 

Many of the detained children "have seen their rights seriously violated," said Duamelle, primarily by being detained along with adults, subjected to physical violence, or denied access to immediate legal assistance.

 

The rights of minors are set out in Egypt's Child's Law, amended in 2008. The law explicitly states that children are to be held separately from adults if they are charged with a crime.

"At the moment, it seems the law is not enforced in some cases...We have heard testimonies that create serious concerns for us," said the UN official.

 

"There is no reason why this should not be stopped. Government mechanisms are in place. Clear legislation is in place; it just needs to be enforced... there is a clear call for this to be addressed as urgently as possible," added Duamelle, who stressed that children were highly valued in Egyptian society.

 

"No one is above the law, and if children commit a serious offence, of course the law has to be enforced," said Duamelle. "But if children are arrested...their rights should be respected."

 

He added: "It is unacceptable to see children being abused. It should not be tolerated."  


Ahram Online, via Egypt.com

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'They beat us like animals': Egypt's children detained, abused

'They beat us like animals': Egypt's children detained, abused | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Since the start of 2013, rights groups have been reporting an increase in police brutality towards children.

"It is definitely a way of frightening people...the number of children taken by security forces and the manner in which they are detained is unprecedented in my experience," says Ghada Shahbender of the Egyptian Organisation of Human Rights.

She explains that roughly around a third of the recent political prisoners are underage, normally from an impoverished background.

This is certainly true of Abdel-Rahman who is the breadwinner of his family, despite being 13 years old. He, his mother and his five siblings squeeze into a flat no larger than an average-sized living room in Alexandria. According to Abdel-Meneem, his two week disappearance had financial consequences as well as emotional ones.

Abdel-Rahman was detained with 14-year-old bone cancer patient Mahmoud Adel whose story hit international headlines after the judge initially refused to allow him chemotherapy.

Both boys, who say they were bystanders to the Alexandrian demonstration, were only released after significant pressure from rights groups like the Egyptian Organisation of Human Rights.

Police brutality against children

For Abdel-Meneem, not knowing the location of her son, Abdel-Rahman, was one of the most traumatising aspects of her son's disappearance. Typically, no effort is made by Egyptian security forces to contact the children's parents when the arrest occurs.

She spoke of trawling police stations for days and eventually attempting to take food to her son at the Alexandrian Security Directorate, where she was initially refused entry.

The children themselves are threatened with violence if they try to make contact with anyone.

Abdel-Rahman, who appears visibly distressed and had to be coaxed by his family members to relate his story, recalled hearing friends shouting his name as they ran behind the Central Security Forces (CSF) truck that transported the boy and other inmates to an unknown location.

"The officer said if we try to call out to our friends and family they would beat us… so we stayed quiet."

There was a seven-year-old boy in one of the cells where he was kept together with adults, Abdel-Rahman added. "My parents didn't know that I was taken away."

There are dozens of children left in prison because the parents do not have relations with resources to find their missing sons and daughters, the boy asserted, while tentatively pointing to the places on his body where he was beaten by security forces.

Abdel-Rahman claimed he was not subjected to the electrocutions and sexual assault that rights groups and victims say inmates, including children, are often subjected to. (Ahram Onlne)

 

More : http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContentP/1/65829/Egypt/-They-beat-us-like-animals-Egypts-children-detaine.aspx

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Five imprisoned for trafficking blood of street children

Five imprisoned for trafficking blood of street children | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Cairo Criminal Court sentenced five people, including a medical technician, to three years in prison and a collective fine of LE 500,000 on Wednesday for trafficking blood taken from street children.

The court said in its ruling that although there is no specific law banning the trafficking of blood, human and organ trafficking is illegal in Egypt, which was the basis for its decision.

According to prosecutors, two of the accused regularly brought street youth to apartments where they would take their blood 'for analysis' in exchange for LE10 and a meal. The men would then take the blood and sell it on the black market for LE 85 a bag.(...)

According to investigators, street children were primarily taken from Sayeda Zainab and Imbaba districts in Cairo.

 

More on: http://arabia.msn.com/news/middle-east/1335146/five-imprisoned-for-trafficking-blood/

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Egypte : Une initiative pour les enfants handicapés

En Egypte, on les appelle « les enfants aux besoins spéciaux ». Originaires du quartier défavorisé de la cité des morts, au Caire, certains sont handicapés. Dans cette association, on leur permet d’aller à l’école et de se mélanger aux autres enfants. Le personnel enseignant favorise l’interaction entre les enfants, et leur apprend l’acceptation de l’autre. Une formation dont les bienfaits transparaissent directement dans le comportement des bambins.

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Protocole pour la protection des enfants travailleurs

Protocole pour la protection des enfants travailleurs | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:
Un mémorandum d’entente a été signé entre le ministère égyptien de la Main-d’œuvre et le Programme international pour l'abolition du travail des enfants (IPEC), avec la participation notamment de l’Unicef, l’Organisation internationale du travail (OIT) et le Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM), avec une consolidation du ministère américain du Travail.



Le protocole se focalise surtout sur certaines régions en Egypte, notamment les plus pauvres, dont Assiout, où le nombre d’enfants travailleurs est flagrant et où le taux de paupérisme atteint plus de 61% de la population. Les chiffres sur ce gouvernorat sont vraiment choquants, puisque les taux d’analphabétisme atteignent les 35%, notamment chez les 15-35 ans, étant donné que cette ville, comme regrette son gouverneur, “a longuement souffert de marginalisation, ce qui a contribué à baisser les conditions de vie”. (Le Progrès égyptien) 
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The Scourge of Child Abuse in Egypt’s Prisons

The Scourge of Child Abuse in Egypt’s Prisons | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

“We were trying to reassure him,” says Mohamed el-Maligi, an activist detained in the same cell. “He was asking if we were going to beat him and begging us not to sexually abuse him.”

The boy, a 13-year-old also named Mohamed, said he had been arrested earlier that day in central Cairo while selling pocket tissues to passing drivers.

 

Detained following the nationwide unrest that erupted after the second anniversary of the Egyptian revolt, Mohamed’s fate is a disturbing example of new tactics employed by the security services.

 

In the wake of the clashes last month, which left scores of people dead, hundreds of children have been illegally detained by the Egyptian police. Many of them have been beaten, tortured, and sexually humiliated by their captors.

 

According to Karim Ennarah, a researcher for the Cairo-based Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, the rate of child detention over the past month is “unprecedented.”

 

While the exact number of children arrested is hard to come by—in part because of recent changes to prosecutorial procedures that make it more difficult to track cases—Priyanka Motaparthy, a researcher for Human Rights Watch, tells The Daily Beast that in Cairo and Port Said alone, there have been more than 170 documented cases of child detentions in the last month. And activists, who point out that other cities such as Alexandria, Suez, and Tanta have also experienced unrest, say the problem is nationwide. Mahmoud Bilal, a lawyer who works on the issue, estimates there may be as many as 400 cases from around the country.

 

More on: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/02/22/the-scourge-of-child-abuse-in-egypt-s-prisons.html

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