Le riz Wahy, type de riz cultivé dans les oasis du désert égyptien occidental particulièrement dans les oasis de Bahareya et Farafra : un court métrage produit par Ma7sool
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L’Egypte et le Soudan lancent des projets conjoints dans les secteurs agricoles, de l’élevage et des biocarburants, suite à la première visite officielle du président égyptien Mohamed Morsi à Karthoum.
D’ores et déjà, le Soudan, avec ses 32 millions d’habitants, importe une grande partie de ses produits alimentaires d’Egypte, notamment des fruits comme les oranges, des jus de fruits, des yaourts, etc. Pourtant, sa terre est réputée très fertile.
Pour inciter les Egyptiens à venir investir et travailler la terre, le Soudan va accorder des régimes spéciaux aux entreprises égyptiennes. D’ores et déjà, 2 millions de feddan (quelque 800 000 ha) sont accordés à des Egyptiens au nord de Khartoum pour créer un complexe de biocarburants, de produits pharmaceutiques entre autres produits. D’autre part, seront développés des projets agricoles, notamment de tournesol, et d’élevage sur plus de 200 ha un centre de recherche agricole afin de stimuler les investissements égyptiens.
Les autorités égyptiennes espèreraient notamment atteindre l’autosuffisance en huile de tournesol grâce à ces investissements.
Selon Reuters, l’entreprise étatique égyptienne de matières premières agricoles, Meditrade, et Food Industries Holding Company, auraient importé à eux deux au moins 110 000 t d’huile de tournesol au premier trimestre.
Il y a 6 000 ans, l’Égypte s’est transformée en désert traversé par le Nil. Par nécessité, les populations se sont donc mises à cultiver des céréales. (...)
Comme aujourd’hui, le pain était le principal aliment des paysans de la vallée du Nil. « De 5000 avant J.-C. jusqu’à l’arrivée des Grecs, les céréales de base restent les mêmes : blé amidonnier et orge vêtue. On cultive aussi des légumes secs et du lin, précise Claire Newton. Ces plantes ont d’abord été domestiquées au Proche-Orient, dans le ‘’croissant fertile’’, avant d’être introduites en Égypte. » La vigne arrive ainsi vers 4000-3000 avant J.-C. sur le sol égyptien.
Les premiers oliviers y sont cultivés à la fin du Moyen Empire, tandis que le riz n’est introduit qu’à l’époque arabe. « Le passage de ces plantes du Proche-Orient vers l’Égypte s’est peut-être fait à la faveur des périodes d’occupation : lorsque le territoire des rois égyptiens englobait le Levant, ou lorsque des peuples originaires du Proche-Orient ont colonisé l’Égypte, comme les Hyksos. Dans tous les cas, il y a eu très tôt des contacts entre les deux régions via le Sinaï et le Néguev. Dès l’époque prédynastique, il y avait des échanges de biens et d’idées », explique Claire Newton.
Nina Hubinet / La Croix
The Cabinet agreed on the offering of 100,000 feddans through public auction for agricultural companies and individuals for agricultural investment in a number of national projects such as Toshka, Qattara Depression, Siwa and West Oweinat.
Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation Salah Abdel Mo'men said the Cabinet agreed on offering lands with areas of 1-5 thousand feddands for companies and 500 feddans for junior investors and 5 - 20 feddans for graduates and junior farmers.
The appropriation of these lands comes within the framework of a project for bridging the food gap, offered by the ministry and approved by the cabinet for the reclamation of one million feddans and the establishment of complementary villages absorbing 800,000 people.
Egypt State Information Service, via All Africa
By Waleed Abu al-Khair / Al-Shorfa
The government is reclaiming thousands of acres of agricultural land to increase Egypt's crop yield and livestock production.
Officials are currently forming an executive board comprising ministries, agricultural experts and businessmen, to oversee the "Close the Food Gap Project", Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation Salah Abdul Momen said February 28th.
The project will be implemented across five regions; el-Alamein and south al-Qattara Depression in Matrouh, al-Wadi al-Jadeed, Toshka and central Sinai, he said, and will continue indefinitely.A MILLION ACRES TO BE RECLAIMED
"The project falls within the government's general plan to reclaim a million acres of agricultural land," said Wael Desouki, an agricultural engineer and consultant with the State Land Use Planning Agency.
It aims to increase crop yields and achieve self-sufficiency for the markets, he told Al-Shorfa. It also plans to increase meat and dairy production by opening new livestock farms, including 75,000 poultry farms and 125,000 cattle, sheep and goat farms.
The project intends to reduce Egypt's reliance on importing essential food commodities and create thousands of jobs for Egyptian youth, Desouki said.
There are about 20 million acres of reclaimable agricultural land in Egypt, he said, predominantly along the northern coast and in the Sinai valleys.More : http://al-shorfa.com/en_GB/articles/meii/features/2013/03/12/feature-03
By Rana Khaled (Egypt independent)
With 35 million people in Egypt concentrated in urban centers and 32 percent of the overall population residing in Cairo, according to a 2012 World Bank report, it makes sense to rethink Egypt’s urban ecology and the role trees can play in reducing pollution and mitigating the impact of climate change.
The environmental association Shagara reflects this mindset. It considers trees lifesavers that could help the country overcome serious environmental issues while spreading green awareness among public school students.
Mohamed Ashraf Abdel Samad, the association’s founder, developed a profound interest in sustainable development and green economy while pursuing his bachelor’s degree in Norway and master’s degree in Belgium.
“These subjects teach you how to make a profit while having a positive impact on the environment,” says Abdel Samad.
Upon returning to Egypt, he decided to spread his newly found knowledge and create Shagara. “Shagara is a non-governmental association with three important objectives,” he says. “Our goals are threefold: reducing the amount of pollution, increasing environmental awareness among the public, especially children, and combating poverty,” he says.
Abdel Samad believes that children are especially important in the battle for a greener Egypt. That includes farming practices and afforestation, which is the establishment of a forest, or in this case, a group of trees in an area where there is no forest.
Shagara hopes to combat poverty by teaching families how to establish small-scale house farms where they can plant different kinds of fruit trees and vegetables such as tomatoes, mint and parsley, in addition to endangered indigenous species like acacia, sycamore and fig trees.
Les experts égyptiens mettent en garde contre une « épidémie de sauterelles » dans le pays. Les habitants du Caire ont commencé à brûler des pneus pour créer une fumée noire et faire fuir les insectes, causant de lourds dommages à l’agriculture.
Les experts égyptiens ont mis en garde contre «l’épidémie de sauterelles » du Delta du Nil. En 2004, l’Egypte avait aussi connu , cette plaie des sauterelles .
Salah Moawad, head of the agricultural services sector at Egypt’s Ministry of Agriculture, made a public statement four days ago denying news that swarms of locusts have caused damage to crops. “The current inspection teams at areas targeted by locusts did not witness swarms damaging a single inch of crop till now,” he said.
Moawad added that the swarms spotted until now are “sexually immature and do not depend on plants for energy since they mainly rely on fat stores”.
He said that the insects store the necessary fats for over a week in order to remain light.
However, another report by the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) said that the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture conducted operations to clear out land threatened by locusts, removing 11,000 hectares of land.
On Friday, Minister of Agriculture Salah Abdel Momen also denied the news.
“The locusts are merely storing fat on their bodies while they go on their spring migration outside of Egypt,” Abdel Momen said in a televised statement.
Salah Moawwad, head of the agricultural services sector, said that the border with Sudan and the Red Sea coast has been inspected for locusts, in order to prevent them from reaching agricultural areas in the Delta and Nile Valley.
Moawwad told Al-Masry Al-Youm that 80 percent of the locusts have been killed, adding that they are being eradicated in 17 areas across four governorates.
However, Moawwad also said that the red locusts do not threaten agricultural output because they are sexually immature and dependent on fat stores during migration to reproduction grounds located in Saudi Arabia.
Moawwad called on Egyptians to stop burning tires and plastic to ward off locusts, saying such measures lead to their spread to other areas. Instead citizens should inform governorate authorities if they spot locusts.
Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egypt independent)
Turkish agricultural products lag behind Greek goods in the Egyptian market due to high customs duties and a lack of promotions, an official from an agricultural federation has said.
Egypt is an important export market for Turkey as there is a huge demand for Turkish goods, so exporters want the Turkish government to settle customs duties with Cairo, he said.
Öztürk said there was actually a huge demand for Turkish fruits and vegetables in Egypt, with apples at the top of the list. He said they had reached out to Egyptian tradesmen and invited them to Turkey, agreeing to export 5,000 tons of apples in principle but the deal could not be signed due to a 21 percent customs duty.
Le ministre de l'Agriculture et de la Bonification agricole Dr. Salah Abdul Mo' men a déclaré que le gouvernement est conscient que le système du droit d'intérêt est le modèle optimal quand il s'agit de la terre appartenant à l'Etat.
Cependant, le ministre a dit qu'aucune terre appartenant à l'Etat sera vendue ou détenue par des étrangers, mais elle peut être donnée sur le système du droit d'intérêt même jusqu'à 99 ans.
On Sunday, Egyptian state news agency MENA reported that vast numbers of locusts had appeared in several areas of Upper Egypt, where they threatened the wellbeing of local crops.
According to the FAO, the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture last month managed to clear roughly 11,000 hectares of land of locusts with the use of pesticides.
Yet despite these efforts, locust numbers increased significantly in January, especially along the Red Sea coast between Egypt and Sudan, the FAO has reported.
In 2004, Egypt witnessed one of the most serious locust plagues in recent history, when farmers in 15 out of the country's 27 governorates reported infestations and extensive crop damage.
At the time, the Land Centre for Human Rights, a local NGO devoted to agriculture issues, reported that 38 per cent of the nation's crops had been damaged as a result of the phenomenon. (Ahram Online)
Egypt's Agricultural Export Council (AEC) has revealed the value of the rice exports from October, since the minister left ban on exporting rice, recording EGP 609 million that distributed on 145 thousand tons to the global market at average price EGP 4200 per ton.
He added that the most important foreign countries that imported the Egyptian rice are Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Lebanon, and Kurdistan. As to the broken rice, it is also imported to a number of the European countries; affirming that the council is looking forward to increasing the rice exports in the coming period so as to improve the total value of the council's exports.
By EZZ AL-NOUBI
CAIRO: The Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation issued a report Friday showing more than 8,000 cases of violations of agricultural land in the first week of February.
From Jan. 29 to Feb. 5 there have been 8,439 cases of violations on 397 acres of agricultural lands, the report said.
The report showed that only 14 violations were removed. It noted that the violations on agricultural lands since January 25, 2011 reached more than 1.3 million cases on 44,476 acres, which led to an increase of desertification rates in these areas.
The report stressed the importance of coordination between the ministries of agriculture, irrigation, housing, local development and electricity to prevent the escalation of the crisis.
Minya, Menoufia, Beheira and Qalyubia governorates have the most violations, while Ismailia, Suez and Cairo governorates have the least violations.
Originally published in Youm7.
s government politics continues to remain in a state of turbulent and violent uncertainty and instability — clashes abound, parliamentary election dates are announced and soon canceled, farmer loan forgiveness is promised with no follow-through — the lives of Egypt’s farmers are going from bad to worse.
When, in 2009, the World Bank estimated that about 40 percent of Egyptians live below the poverty line of US$2 a day, the majority were small farmers and rural families.
It is difficult to imagine how much worse things could actually get.
Mahmoud al-Mansy, spokesperson for the Sons of the Soil NGO and a longtime farmer says, “We basically are ‘food’ farmers who are unable to find food to eat.” Sons of the Soil was established in the mid-1990s to fight for farmers’ rights soon after former Agriculture Minister Youssef Waly dissolved the farmers’ cooperatives.
The plight of Egypt’s farmers has always been serious, particularly for small- to mid-sized farmers who simply farm land to sell produce. The bigger players, on the other hand, have registered corporations with thousands of feddans, and allegedly have a monopoly on the market, yet make up a small percentage of the farming population.
But now, rural negligence over the past two years, along with mixed messages from ministers and government officials, have given rise to new issues.
Steven Viney / Egypt independent
A conference discussing the merits of genetically modified crops took place Sunday at Cairo University’s Faculty of Agriculture.
Organized in cooperation with the Egyptian Biotechnology Information Center, the four-hour talk came two weeks after Greenpeace Arab World pointed to inconsistencies in a report promoting the use of agricultural biotechnology.
The report ranked Egypt third in Africa in terms of the use of genetically modified crops.
The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications, funded by multinational biotechnology companies Monsanto and Bayer AG, as well as US government agencies USAID and the US Department of Agriculture, reported in early March that 1,000 hectares of genetically modified maize was being grown on Egyptian soil.
This contradicted an Agriculture Ministry statement last year that said it had seized and destroyed the latest shipment of 40 tons of genetically modified maize entering Egypt in January last year because it had not been approved by authorities.
The genetically modified maize is a Monsanto product called MON810 engineered to secrete its own insecticide. Ninety-five percent of all genetically modified crops planted worldwide since the mid-1990s have been engineered by Monsanto. The most common crops are canola, corn, soybeans and cotton.
At Sunday’s conference, dozens of students, professors and academics with agricultural and zoological backgrounds convened to discuss the global status of commercialized biotechnology, genetically modified crops’ latest applications and biosafety regulations as well as intellectual property rights in Egypt.
Louise SarantRana Khaled / Egypt independentMore : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/egyptian-proponents-biotech-agriculture-discuss-merits-genetically-modified-crops?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter
Russia, Egypt and Nigeria are among the five countries that still need to contribute data to the Agricultural Market Information System set up by Group of 20 countries to avoid a repeat of the 2007-08 food-price crisis.
(...) David Hallam, head of markets and trade at the United Nations’ Food & Agriculture Organization, said in an interview in Geneva yesterday. Russia was the world’s third-largest wheat exporter in 2011-12, and Egypt was the biggest buyer of the grain, (...) according to U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates.
The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) — funded by multinational biotechnology companies Monsanto and Bayer AG, as well as US government agencies USAID and the US Department of Agriculture — found that South Africa was the biggest biotechnology enthusiast on the continent, with 2.9 million planted hectares of genetically modified maize, soybeans and cotton, followed by Burkina Faso, Egypt and Sudan.
Osama El-Tayeb is a microbiology and immunology professor at the 6th of October University Faculty of Pharmacy and an adviser on biosafety issues. He says the shipment was imported without the formal approval of the Ministry of Environment, the ministry in charge of approving genetically-modified organisms’ import into the country.
Greenpeace expressed its concern towards the Egyptian government’s “scandal” over its use of genetically modified (GM) crops, according to a press release published yesterday.
The 70-tonne shipment was planted in 10 governorates, whereas the 40-tonne shipment arrived in January 2012.
Sustainable Agriculture campaigner for Greenpeace Ahmed El Droubi said: “The Egyptian people are entitled to know what is planted on our land and what we are eating.”
The US Department of Agriculture announced market access for the Egyptian government to export strawberries to the US.
US Ambassador to Egypt Anne Patterson announced the Department’s approval last Thursday, according to a statement she made on the website of the Egyptian Embassy in The United States.
“We are committed to continuing to work with the Egyptian authorities to increase market opportunities for Egyptian exports,” said Patterson.
“Increasing trade between our two countries is a key component of boosting employment and economic growth in Egypt,” she added.
The US is Egypt’s second largest global commercial partner after the European Union (EU). It is considered a primary importer of strawberries.
Commercial exchange between the two countries reached $8.5bn in 2011.
Egypt, the fourth largest producer of strawberries in the world, produced 240,000 tonnes of strawberries in 2010. The US Embassy valued strawberry production at $330m a year.
L'état d'urgence a été déclaré dans l’une des provinces méridionales d’Egypte en raison de l’invasion des criquets. Les criquets d’Afrique ravagent les récoltes dans les provinces de Qena et Aswan. Ces insectes sont arrivés en Egypte du Soudan et sont en train de progresser vers le Nord en dévorant tout sur leur passage. Les criquets se sont déjà approchés des stations balnéaires de Hurghada et Marsa Alam en mer Rouge.
Des militaires et l’aviation sont en train de lutter contre ce phénomène en arrosant les surfaces cultivables avec de l’insecticide.
In January 2013, the citrus exports recorded EGP 588 million, rose by 41% from a year before, which recorded EGP 415 million.
This export value of citrus helped in increasing the exports of agricultural crops to EGP 1.5 billion in January rose by 79%; compared to EGP 849 million in January 2012.
The increase of the citrus exports' rates resulted in raising the prices in the local market; ranging between 25-50%, pursuant to the data of the fruit and vegetables prices in the Aboor market. (...) This increase is impacted by the increasing global demand on Egypt's citrus; especially the Russian one.
Magdi Al Waliliy, Member in the Agricultural Export Council (AEC), told "Amwal Al Ghad" that the council is getting ready to take part in a number of international specialized conventions; in an attempt to to keep the high export rates that the agriculture crops recorded at the beginning of 2013.
He referred that this hike is a positive step in achieving the targeted export rates by the end of 2013; which reach EGP 13.6 billion, according to the data of the Egyptian Ministry of Industry and Foreign Trade.
This content is from: Amwal Alghad
L’intention du Gouvernement d’ouvrir la porte à l’importation du coton met ce produit national clé en péril. Décision que les cultivateurs considèrent comme «scandaleuse».
Rob has been talking to some farmers about how their way of life is being eroded and how others in Egypt are adopting new technologies to feed a growing population.
Egyptian Farmers' Union reckons that as much as 20% of the country's famously fertile land have been built on since the Revolution, two years ago.
Des nuages de sauterelles ont attaqué 65,000 feddans des champs de Wadi el Nakra à Assouan. Plusieurs paysans ont dû fuir la zone, tandis que d’autres ont essayé de faire brûler des pneus pour empêcher l’invasion des insectes. Le Ministère de l’ Agriculture enverra ses équipes pour lutter contre ce fléau.
هاجمت أسراب الجراد مزارع وادي النقرة بأسوان بشكل كبير، الأحد، مما اضطر المزارعين للهروب، وترك زراعاتهم، بينما حاول البعض إشعال إطارات الكاوتش لإعاقة انتشار