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Moyen-Orient : érosion de l'influence américaine

par Kharroubi Habib


Dans le monde arabe, les Etats-Unis entretiennent une relation stratégique avec l'Arabie Saoudite et l'Egypte grâce à laquelle ils on enrôlé au service de leur politique au Moyen-Orient ces deux pays aux influences déterminantes dans la région. 

Cette relation subit incontestablement des remous qui sont le contrecoup des brouilles intervenues entre Washington, Ryad et Le Caire. Avec Ryad à cause de leur mésentente sur les dossiers iranien et syrien. Avec Le Caire où les militaires revenus au pouvoir n'apprécient pas la prise de distance américaine à leur égard et les critiques formulées à Washington pour la justifier. C'est beaucoup pour exprimer leur mécontentement à l'endroit de cet allié américain que Ryad et Le Caire ont pris des initiatives qui sont autant d'avertissements tendant à lui faire comprendre que leurs relations bilatérales pourraient basculer dans la franche hostilité à la politique américaine dans la région. 

.../...

Tout cela ne doit pas emmener pour autant à conclure que l'Amérique est en train de perdre sa position prédominante dans la région. Mais il est incontestable que celle-ci s'érode, l'Amérique ayant démontré à chacun de ses alliés régionaux traditionnels que quand ses intérêts nationaux l'exigent, elle adapte sa politique sans tenir compte de leurs objections. Ce qui permet à la Russie de Poutine qui s'est fixé pour objectif d'imposer son statut de grande puissance d'exploiter cette érosion en effectuant un retour en force dans la région en terme d'influence. Ce qui contrairement à ce qu'en pensent et disent les politiques et médias occidentaux n'est pas une mauvaise chose. Les projets américains pour cette région du monde ont montré ce qu'ils ont de sinistrement effarants pour leur peuple et ceux qui les combattent ont besoin de compter sur le soutien d'une ou d'autres grandes puissances animées de la volonté de leur faire pièce.

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Un groupe de travail américain non partisan de chercheurs et experts sur l'Egypte a publié une lettre au Président Barack Obama le mettant en garde contre la poursuite d'une politique envers l'Egyp...

Un groupe de travail américain non partisan de chercheurs et experts sur l'Egypte a publié une lettre au Président Barack Obama le mettant en garde contre la poursuite d'une politique envers l'Egyp... | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The letter described what the group saw as frightening repression and concluded that such instability would make it impossible for Egypt to be a reliable security ally for the United States or peace partner for Israel (never mind that Israelis themselves think differently, but what do they know about their own security?). The letter demanded that the president instruct Secretary of State John Kerry not to certify that Egypt has met congressionally mandated conditions on democracy, and to keep aid programs to Egypt suspended as the best way to serve American interests.

The letter, despite citing several facts and many a valid criticism of the interim Egyptian government, fails to see these things in the larger context. If the group looks at the region’s map it will notice that west of Egypt is Libya, where Islamist groups, armed by NATO weapons, are taking over the country and turning it into a militia-state — another Afghanistan — while shipping arms east to their comrades hoping they will destabilize the Egyptian government and cause the state to collapse. In fact, that has been the Muslim Brotherhood’s hope since July 3, and especially during their attempt to divide Cairo through the Rabia al-Adawiya encampment, which turned into an expanding occupation cutting the capital into zones controlled by different factions resembling Beirut in the civil war.



Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2014/02/us-egyptian-policy-concerns-expressed-working-group-on-egypt.html#ixzz2sbj6TEl9

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Le dilemme américain en Egypte.

Le dilemme américain en Egypte. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Almost three years after the ouster of Egypt's former president Hosni Mubarak, the country's military is consolidating its political control, giving Field Marshal Abdel Fattah al-Sisi the green light to run for president in April elections. The army's heavy-handed crackdown against the Muslim Brotherhood has the United States concerned "that Egypt is going down a path of persistent instability," says Egypt expert Michele Dunne, fueling "Islamist extremism and terrorism in Egypt and throughout the region." Such extremism could also turn against Americans, but the United States must continue aid to Egypt as it needs a regional security partner and a peace partner for Israel, Dunne says.

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Un changement de cap au Caire Bien que le Caire cherche à mettre fin à sa dépendance à l'égard des armes américaines, en réalité, ses options sont limitées.

Un changement de cap au Caire  Bien que le Caire cherche à mettre fin à sa dépendance à l'égard des armes américaines, en réalité, ses options sont limitées. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Examining hints that Egypt is turning East in its search for arms.

 

Ever since the Camp David Accords, Egypt has looked to the US as its major supplier for its armed forces, building up a huge arsenal of American weapons paid for by more than a billion dollars of US financial assistance every year. Nonetheless, at the end of last year, speculation began to appear in Egypt and abroad that Cairo was re-evaluating its ties to the US. But is the Egyptian military willing, or even capable, of making a decisive break with the US?

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Egypt Spending 20% Less on U.S. Goods Prompts Trade Trips

Egypt Spending 20% Less on U.S. Goods Prompts Trade Trips | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Intermittent blackouts strike Cairo several hours a day, with no warning for 11 million residents. That’s exactly where FirmGreen Inc. of Newport Beach, California wants to invest.

“For a company like ours, it’s actually a good fit,” Dena Elbayoumy, general counsel for the company, which develops renewable-energy projects, said by telephone from Egypt’s capital. “We hope to improve stability in the country.”

 

FirmGreen is among nine businesses including Google Inc. (GOOG) and Raytheon Co. (RTN) that will participate tomorrow in the U.S. government’s second trade mission to Egypt since September. The delegation is heavy on providers of basic services such as energy and water. The U.S. is seeking to boost exports to the Arab nation after a 20 percent decline since shortly before the ouster of former leader Hosni Mubarak in February 2011.

“There’s an actual attempt by the U.S. government to encourage American businesses to invest in Egypt,” said Bessma Momani, a Middle East expert and a nonresident senior fellow for the Brookings Institution, a nonprofit research organization in Washington. “They’re really taking companies there on a ‘Team USA’ kind of approach,” to allay investment-climate concerns, she said by telephone.(...)

Trade Relationship

“This trade mission reiterates the United States’ commitment to deepening our long trade relationship with Egypt and to growing the already strong connections between our respective business communities,” Hyatt said in a statement released when the trade mission was announced April 8.

Last year, U.S. exports to Egypt were valued at $5.5 billion -- less than 0.5 percent of America’s 2012 exports of $1.5 trillion. Egypt, a longstanding ally, is a strategic partner for the U.S. in the Middle East, however. It controls the Suez Canal, a vital shipping route for oil and other goods.

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Washington’s Undemocratic Bet on the Brotherhood

Washington’s Undemocratic Bet on the Brotherhood | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

After a visit to Washington in the spring of 2012 and multiple meetings with American politicians and researchers, it has become clear to me that the American administration built its policy towards Egypt after the revolution on a strategic bet on the Muslim Brotherhood and its Freedom and Justice Party (FJP). In the American view, the Brotherhood is one side of the equation for “governing Egypt,” and the military establishment is the other.  

Washington now looks to the Brotherhood’s Guidance Office and FJP leaders to take the place of the former regime’s elite. Washington expects a “positive contribution” from the Brotherhood in protecting its interests, namely, Israel’s security, oil supply, securing the Suez Canal from terrorism, and good economic and trade relations. Indeed, Washington’s expectations for the “effectiveness” of the Brotherhood exceed those of the former president. This strategic bet on the Brotherhood is part of a regional American bet that parties and currents of the Arab religious right will come to power – with the exception of the Gulf – and that they will be able to lead the Arabs to an experience like that of the Turkish Justice and Development Party without threatening US interests.

Indeed, after the election of President Mohammed Morsi (and sidestepping conspiratorial and insulting interpretations of a US role in the presidential elections where Morsi won by majority) we saw the “effectiveness” of the Brotherhood in protecting American interests begin to be translated into policy. President Morsi and the sovereign agencies succeeded in mediating between Palestinian factions and the right-wing Israeli government to end the recent aggression in Gaza and reach a security agreement to calm the situation, subject to the continuation of Egyptian guarantees and with American consent. President Morsi also reformulated the Egyptian stance towards Syria to align with Washington and its allies in Turkey and the Gulf in seeking to topple the regime of the dictator Assad. The renewal of Egyptian relations with Iran, an ally of President Assad, did not negate that by any means. Morsi, along with the Brotherhood and the FJP, cemented strategic cooperation with Turkey and Qatar, and Egypt started to move regionally in the Turkish-Qatari orbit. On terrorist threats and the growing presence of violent groups in the Sinai, the President, again contrary to the conspiracy theorists, gave political cover for operations carried out by the armed forces and security services in the Sinai, and opened the doors of security coordination with Washington. This effectiveness of the Brotherhood, which in some of its policies does not contradict Egyptian national interests, pushes the American administration to continue its strategic bet on the Brotherhood and strengthen their relations with it. There are other factors behind this view, although they lack objectivity.

 

Amr Hamzawy / Atlantic Council

More : http://www.acus.org/egyptsource/washington%E2%80%99s-undemocratic-bet-brotherhood

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Egypt Falls Out With Obama Dealing With Sputtering Growth

Egypt Falls Out With Obama Dealing With Sputtering Growth | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Cairo University echoed with cheers in June 2009 when President Barack Obama addressed his audience with the Muslim greeting, assalamu aleikum, peace be upon you.

The goodwill didn’t last. Four years later, Egyptians increasingly assail the U.S. for backing Islamist President Mohamed Mursi, the nation’s first democratically elected leader, as they did when Hosni Mubarak ran Egypt with American support.

 

In Cairo’s Tahrir Square, blood-red letters on a white banner read: “Obama Supports The Dictator Mursi.” A sign on the speakers’ platform adds: “Down with Mursi, America’s agent.”

Obama’s talk of a “new beginning” between Muslims and the U.S. has been swamped in Egypt by economic dysfunction and political polarization between Islamist and secular leaders. As investors flee and Egyptians suffer, what the president called a “cycle of suspicion and discord” has delayed financial aid and left Egypt drifting toward bankruptcy.

 

“People are frustrated here, full of anger, especially youngsters,” said Anwar Sadat, the nephew of the Egyptian president assassinated in 1981 and the leader of a minor opposition party. “The truth is we are in trouble.”

U.S. Doubt

In the U.S., lawmakers who doubt Mursi’s commitment to democracy are concerned that new arms shipments could be turned against Israel. In Egypt, the president welcomed in 2009 with a cry of “Barack Obama, we love you,” is now seen by many as just another leader who puts American interests above Egypt’s needs (...)

 

More on: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-25/egypt-falls-out-with-obama-dealing-with-slowest-gdp-since-1990s.html

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La stratégie américaine : Tuer l’Islam par le poison islamiste

La stratégie américaine : Tuer l’Islam par le poison islamiste | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Après lecture de cet article, on comprendra pourquoi Rached Ghannouchi dirige la Tunisie et Mohamed Morsi préside l’Egypte. Deux ans après son déclenchement en Tunisie, le « printemps arabe » parait tel que personne ne l’a vu au départ : une destruction méthodique des Etats-nations et le remplacement des régimes despotiques mais modernistes issus de la décolonisation par des régimes islamistes réactionnaires et inféodés aux Etats-Unis d’Amérique. (...) Voici les faits et l’analyse exposés par Fakhreddine Besbes ,docteur en sciences politiques.

 

Tout a commencé juste après les attentats criminels du 11 septembre 2001. Lorsque Oussama Ben Laden, l’ancien agent de la CIA s’est retourné contre la puissance qui l’avait armé et galvanisé contre la présence soviétique en Afghanistan. La décision américaine de frapper Al-Qaïda en Afghanistan même n’était pas illégitime en soi. (...)

 

De George W.Bush à Barak Hussein Obama

C’est à partir de cette invasion [de l'Irak] que les américains ont décidé de changer de stratégie et d’alliances : plutôt que d’en faire des ennemis, les islamistes repentis seront nos alliés et les gardiens de nos intérêts dans le monde. Sous couvert de démocratie et de droits de l’homme, nous lâcheront les régimes qui les oppriment et nous les installerons au pouvoir. Nous les appellerons « islamistes modérés », c’est-à-dire modérément démocrates et hyper-impérialistes. Nous leur fixerons trois lignes rouges à ne pas franchir : Notre mainmise sur les richesses énergétiques du monde musulman, la sacralité de l’Etat d’Israël et l’arrêt des actions terrorises qui nous visent. (...)

 

L’entrisme des Frères musulmans

Le 22 décembre 2012, paraissait dans le magazine égyptien « Rose el-Youssef » un article d’une importance capitale sous le titre de, « Un homme et six Frères à la Maison Blanche », signé par Ahmed Chawki, un pseudonyme. L’auteur écrit que six individus ont modifié la politique des Etats-Unis : « La Maison Blanche est passée d’une position d’hostilité envers les groupes et organisations islamistes dans le monde à celle du plus important partisan de la confrérie des Frères musulmans ».

Selon l’auteur, les six individus sont : Arif Ali-khan, secrétaire adjoint de la Sécurité intérieure pour le développement des politiques ; Mohamed Elibiary, membre du Conseil consultatif sur la Sécurité intérieure ; Rached Hussein, envoyé spécial américain de l’Organisation de la Conférence islamique ; Salem al-Marayati, cofondateur de Muslim Public Affairs Council (MPAC) ; Mohamed Majid, président de l’Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) ; Eboo Patel, membre du Conseil consultatif du président Obama, chargé des partenariats confessionnels d’arrondissements.

 

Egypt-actus's insight:

Le pédigrée des six Frères

(...)

Né en Alexandrie, Mohamed Elibiary a grandi au Texas où s’étaient installés ses parents qui ont fui la persécution des islamistes en Egypte. Mohamed Elibiary, alias le « qutbiste » pour son fanatisme à l’égard des idées de Saïd Qutb, est un membre éminent des Frères musulmans aux Etats-Unis. Diplômé en management et en ingénierie réseau, a été directeur de la section de Houston du Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR), une vitrine des Frères musulmans aux USA. C’est lui qui a rédigé le discours d’Obama appelant Hosni Moubarak à quitter le pouvoir.

 

Plus: http://www.tunisiefocus.com/politique/la-strategie-americaine-tuer-lislam-par-le-poison-islamiste-41229/

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US State Department ‘worried’ about violence in Egypt

US State Department ‘worried’ about violence in Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Spokesperson of the US Department of State Victoria Nuland expressed worry over recent violent clashes between the opposition and the Muslim Brotherhood. (...)

 

“We have encouraged anyone with grievances in Egypt to express themselves peacefully… and security forces to exercise restraint,” Nuland said.

 

She also mentioned President Mohamed Morsi’s pledge for reforms which he made to Secretary of State John Kerry during his official visit to Egypt earlier in March. (...)

 

When asked if Morsi’s actions were encouraging enough to proceed with delivery of the aid, Nuland said that he has taken some steps and the US will continue to watch events closely.

 

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/23/us-state-department-worried-about-violence-in-egypt/

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Plainte visant à l'expulsion de l'Ambassadeur américain d'Egypte اليوم السابع | دعوى قضائية لطرد السفيرة الأمريكية من مصر

Plainte visant à l'expulsion de l'Ambassadeur américain d'Egypte اليوم السابع | دعوى قضائية لطرد السفيرة الأمريكية من مصر | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

أقام طارق محمود المحامى دعوى قضائية أمام محكمة القضاء الإدارى بمجلس الدولة، طالب فيها بإلزام الدكتور محمد مرسى رئيس الجمهورية، ورئيس الوزراء ووزير الخارجية بطرد

 

L’avocat Tarek Mahmoud a déposé une plainte auprès du tribunal administratif du Conseil d'Etat, appelant le Président Mohamed Morsi et le Premier Ministre et le Ministre des Affaires Etrangères à expulser l'Ambassadeur américain au Caire, Anne Patterson" pour ingérence dans la politique égyptienne et le danger que cela suscite pour la sécurité nationale.

 

Il a déclaré que les initiatives de l'ambassadeur visaient à construire des «fronts  conflictuels».  Selon la plainte déposée, des services de renseignement considèrent Patterson comme spécialiste de l’affrontement aux factions de l'islam politique. Elle a également fait pression sur les partis de l'opposition pour participer aux élections, en dépit d'une décision de justice pour suspendre ces dernières. Patterson continue à appeler à leur tenue. La plainte condamne également l’émission de données par l'ambassade américaine qui confirmeraient les ingérences de Patterson dans les affaires du pays.

 

Plus: http://www1.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=986816&SecID=203

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Muslim Cleric Calls U.S. Aid to Egypt ‘Jizya’

Muslim Cleric Calls U.S. Aid to Egypt ‘Jizya’ | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

...The wonderful thing about Salafis(...)is that they are so unabashed and frank about what they believe.   Such is the degree of brainwashing that they have undergone.  Unlike the Muslim Brotherhood, which was founded much earlier, doublespeak is not second nature to the Salafis.

 

The most recent example comes from Al Hafiz TV, an Egyptian Islamic station.  During a roundtable discussion on the U.S. and foreign aid to Egypt, an Islamic cleric, clearly of the Salafi bent—he had their trademark mustache-less-beard—insisted that the U.S. must be treated contemptuously, like a downtrodden dhimmi, or conquered infidel; that Egypt must make the U.S. conform to its own demands; and that, then, all the money the U.S. offers to Egypt in foreign aid can be taken as rightfully earned jizya.

 

More on: http://frontpagemag.com/2013/raymond-ibrahim/muslim-cleric-calls-u-s-aid-to-egypt-jizya/

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Gallup: Majority of Americans have unfavorable opinion of Egypt

A majority of Americans -- 53 percent -- have an unfavorable opinion of Egypt, up from 47 percent in 2012, a Gallup poll found.

The poll, conducted Feb. 7-10, found about 40 percent of Americans have a favorable view of Egypt, down from 47 percent in 2012, Gallup reported.

Americans' view of Egypt was more unfavorable than favorable for the first time in 2011, Gallup said, when the country became embroiled in anti-government protests that resulted in the ouster of former President Hosni Mubarak.

In 2010, 58 percent of Americans said they had a favorable opinion of Egypt, while 29 percent said they had an unfavorable view of the country.

Gallup asked 1,015 adults over age 18 "What is your overall opinion of [Egypt]?" Respondents were allowed to answer "very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, very unfavorable."

The poll had a margin of error of 4 percentage points. (upi)


http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2013/03/16/Majority-in-US-view-Egypt-unfavorably/UPI-93591363467706/?spt=hs&or=tn

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On Aid to Egypt | Human Rights First

Charles Krauthammer this week grudgingly came out in support of continuing U.S. financial aid, despite the many disconcerting human rights developments in President Morsi’s Egypt.  However, he faulted Secretary Kerry for over -emphasizing the economic aspect of our bi-lateral relationship with Egypt, rather than explicitly tying the $250,000,000 of foreign assistance that Kerry announced in Cairo to political concessions from the Morsi regime.


Would that it were so simple.  If the U.S. government could give a few hundred million dollars to Egypt and thereby set it on a firm path to democratic transition it would be money well spent.  Cheap at ten or even a hundred times the paltry sums that the Obama administration has so far dedicated to the massive task of reconstructing Egypt and other countries left in a parlous state by decades of U.S. backed dictatorship.


However, U.S. foreign assistance will only ever be a small part of the solution to Egypt’s many problems, but it  remains a way that the U.S. government can exercise influence in Egypt, and an especially vital way of demonstrating goodwill to the Egyptian people at a time of great political uncertainty.

 

The U.S. government has much to lose if Egypt continues to slide further into economic and social disarray.  The tens of millions of young people in Egypt, many of whom led the uprising that brought down President Mubarak two years ago aspire for freedom, democracy and human dignity.  These are values that the United States should seek to advance everywhere. If their aspirations are let down the consequences for the United States would be severe with spreading regional unrest, economic dislocation and even direct threats to the United States likely to increase.  The costs to the United States of failure to promote peaceful democratic transition in Egypt should not be underestimated.

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Le Département d'Etat américain critique le soutien apporté par Poutine à la candidature d'Al-Sissi à l'élection présidentielle

Le Département d'Etat américain critique le soutien apporté par Poutine à la candidature d'Al-Sissi à l'élection présidentielle | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

United States Department of State Deputy Spokesman Marie Harf Thursday criticised Russian President Vladimir Putin’s statement endorsing Field Marshal Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi for presidency.

“We don’t endorse a candidate and I do not think it is, quite frankly, up to the United States or to Mr. Putin to decide who should govern Egypt. It’s up to the Egyptian people to decide,” Harf said during a daily press briefing. She added that the United States has urged the government to continue to advance an inclusive transition that includes all groups and all parties.

Russian President said Thursday that he knew that Al-Sisi had decided to run for Egypt’s presidency, describing Al-Sisi’s decision as “very responsible.” Putin added, “I wish you luck both from myself personally and from the Russian people.”

- See more at: http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/02/14/us-department-state-criticises-putins-support-al-sisi-presidential-bid/#sthash.t8Epuw7q.dpuf

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Le Congrès américain a adopté une loi qui permet à la Maison Blanche de transférer plus d'un milliard de dollars d'aide à l'Egypte.

Le Congrès américain a adopté une loi qui permet à la Maison Blanche de transférer plus d'un milliard de dollars d'aide à l'Egypte. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
The US Congress has passed legislation that allows the White House to transfer more than $1 billion in aid money to Egypt. Experts say that Washington is prioritizing Mubarak-era security arrangements over democracy.
As Egypt's controversial political transition moves forward under the watchful eye of a military-backed interim government, the United States faces a dilemma over whether to embrace General Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi or risk jeopardizing its relations with Cairo, a key strategic ally in the Middle East.
So far, the White House has declined to label General el-Sissi's overthrow of President Mohammed Morsi - Egypt's first democratically elected leader - as a military coup. That's because the US Foreign Assistance Act bars Washington from providing aid money to "any country whose duly elected head of government is deposed by military coup or decree."
By calling Morsi's ouster a coup, the Obama administration would have been obligated to cut $1.5 billion (1.1 billion euros) in aid money to Egypt. A significant portion of that money goes directly to US defense contractors which manufacture weapons systems for Cairo. The money also helps to maintain the 1979 Egypt-Israel peace agreement.
In January, the US Congress passed a spending bill that effectively allows the Obama administration to circumvent the Foreign Assistance Act and transfer aid money to Egypt under the condition that the country makes progress toward democratic governance.
"It's an attempt by the Congress to give more space and freedom to the administration to deal with a government that came to power by a coup," Khalil al-Anani, an Egypt expert with the Middle East Institute in Washington, D.C., told DW.
 
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L'Egypte et les Etats-Unis discutent au Caire de relations militaires

L'Egypte et les Etats-Unis discutent au Caire de relations militaires | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces Sedky Sobhy received on Wednesday Deputy Commander of the United States Central Command Mark Fox.

 

 

According to Al-Ahram's Arabic news website, the meeting -- attended by several Egyptian army officials and the acting US ambassador in Cairo -- tackled means of supporting and activating military cooperation and exchange of experiences between the two armed forces.

In October, Washington announced it would withhold deliveries of tanks, fighter aircrafts, helicopters and missiles, as well as $260 million in cash aid, to the interim government, pending progress in the areas of democracy and human rights. The decision came after the interim authorities launched a crackdown on Islamists, leaving hundreds of Muslim Brotherhood members, leaders and sympathisers behind bars.

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US gives 4 more F-16 fighter jets to Egyptian government despite outcry

US gives 4 more F-16 fighter jets to Egyptian government despite outcry | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Four more F-16 fighter jets left the U.S. on Thursday headed for Egypt as part of a foreign aid package that has generated controversy given the political upheaval in the Mideast country.

Critics say the military aid should stop because the president Egyptians elected last year has led the Muslim Brotherhood, called President Obama liar and urged that hatred of Jews be instilled in children.

A source who works on the naval air base in Fort Worth, Texas, confirmed to FoxNews.com the departure of the state-of-the-art fighter planes. The new shipment brings the total number of F-16 jets given to Egypt this year to 12. (....)

 

Critics, including several in Congress, say it doesn't make sense to follow through with the package. While current Egyptian President Mohammad Morsi has toned down his rhetoric since his election last summer, in 2010 Morsi attacked Obama for supporting Israel.

 

More on: http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2013/04/11/us-gives-4-more-f-16-fighter-jets-to-egyptian-government/

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Egypt, the Brotherhood and the Americans

Egypt, the Brotherhood and the Americans | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Egyptian government - the ruling Freedom and Justice Party - and the Muslim Brotherhood criticized a tweet by the American embassy this week. The tweet was against Egypt’s clampdown on freedom of expression and referred particularly to the case of political satirist Bassem Youssef.

Statements by Brotherhood members gave the impression that the American government is antagonizing Egyptian President Mohammed Mursi and this is absolutely incorrect. We do not know yet if American President Barrack Obama is satisfied with or apprehensive about Mursi and his government, but all we know is that he prefers to be an observer.

This is probably to the best interest of Egyptians so that they can manage their own business, but his long silence gives the opposition the impression that he consents to the actions of the Muslim Brotherhood.

 

A cosmic conspiracy

The Muslim Brotherhood is keen on letting the world know the superpower is satisfied with them since this delivers messages to other parties both inside and outside Egypt. Yet, on the other hand, they want to appear as the victims of a cosmic conspiracy since this is the discourse that they had always used in the past and that had lent them support and embarrassed their adversaries.

 

More on: http://english.alarabiya.net/en/views/2013/04/06/Egypt-the-Brotherhood-and-the-Americans.html

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Washington urges Egypt to respect human rights

Washington urges Egypt to respect human rights | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

U.S. state department has expressed concern over violence that has swept Egypt since the 2011 uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak, asking the Middle East's most populous country to respect human rights and the law.

U.S. State Department Spokesman Patrick Ventral told a press conference on Monday that Egypt must guarantee standard rights, urging the authorities to take steps and conduct investigations through credible and independent means.

He stressed on the United States' support for freedom of expression and independent press in Egypt, adding that Washington has contacted the Egyptian administration more than once in regards to this point.

 

More on: http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a353e44b-5614-424b-977f-ae0e709995f1

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Hacker Releases New Trove Of Clinton's Emails To Egypt Muslim Brotherhood

Hacker Releases New Trove Of Clinton's Emails To Egypt Muslim Brotherhood | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The hacker that has targeted Hillary Clinton and the Presidents Bush has leaked a new trove of classified emails to RT that discuss in detail the Algerian hostage crisis and the relationship between the United States and Egyptian governments.

An elusive hacker using the moniker Guccifer was credited earlier this week with infiltrating the email account of journalist Sidney Blumenthal and uncovering a collection of highly sensitive memos allegedly sent to former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. (...)

 

Cooperation in Egypt

In the undated email, senior intelligence sources explain how the newly elected Egyptian leader plans to interact with the White House during his administration and details other strategies considered during the first days of Pres. Morsi’s term. Although the Egyptian election went to Morsi, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, the emails suggest that his office intended to work with the state’s military, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), which governed the country from former-President Hosni Mubarak’s departure in Feb 2011 up until Morsi was elected that June. In particular, Morsi’s officials agreed that cooperation with SCAF leaders, Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, would be imperative during the early days of the then-infant presidency. (....)

 

The Fall of Morsi and Help From America

In the second memo, dated Dec. 8, 2012, secret intelligent sources say that Morsi was already confident with his party’s impact on Egypt’s government, even if public opinion was still split. “Morsi added that although the ongoing demonstrations against his declaration of emergency powers will continue, and, if anything, become more violent, he firmly believes that at least 60 percent of Egyptian voters continue to support his efforts to eliminate the last vestiges of the regime of former president Hosni Mubarak,” it reads.

 

More on: http://amwalalghad.com/en/news/egypt-news/15621-hacker-releases-new-trove-of-clintons-emails-to-egypt-muslim-brotherhood.html

 

 

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Selling Death and Buying Assassins in the Middle East (..)| Dissident Voice (Egypt's extracts)

As President Obama enters his second term with a new Cabinet, the foreign policy legacy of the past four years weighs heavily on their strategic decisions.

 

The Clinton-Obama Imperial Legacy: The Accomplishments

The greatest success of the Obama-Clinton (OC) imperial legacy was the virtual elimination of organized domestic anti-war dissent, the demise of the peace movement and the co-optation of virtually the entire ‘progressive’ leadership in the US – while multiplying the number of proxy wars, overt and covert military operations and ‘defense’ spending (....)

 

Facing mass revolts and the overthrow of long-standing client regimes in Egypt, Tunisia and Yemen, the Obama-Clinton (OC) Administration moved rapidly to reconfigure new client regimes while preserving the state apparatus – the military, intelligence, police, judicial and civilian bureaucracy. The empire dumped incumbent regimes in order to save the repressive state, the key guarantor of US strategic interests. Washington reminded its client rulers that ‘There are no permanent alliances, there are only permanent imperial interests’. Washington successfully engineered a political pact between conservative Islamist leaders and parties and the old military elite. The new political blocs in Egypt upheld Israeli annexation of Palestine, the brutal blockade of Gaza and the neo-liberal economic order. Washington repeated the ‘reshuffle of clients’ in Yemen and Tunisia. The OC intervention temporarily aborted the pro-democracy, anti-Zionist and anti-corruption popular revolt. The OC policies secured a temporary respite, but the subsequent effort by Egypt to secure an IMF loan has led to a stalemate amid deteriorating economic conditions and rising political protest. The successful imposition of new client regimes amenable to US hegemony in Egypt, Tunisia and Yemen, in the face of popular revolts, marked the beginning of a series of favorable political-military outcomes in the region for the OC regime. (...)

 

Despite the military build-up and in the face of a sharply deteriorating military situation in Afghanistan, the OC regime has been negotiating with political sectors of the ‘Taliban’, to dump the current client ruler, Karzai, and ‘reshuffle the regime to save the state’, hoping to pull-off a coalition-collaborator Islamist-military regime such as has been shoe-horned in place in Egypt, Tunisia and Yemen.(...)

Egypt-actus's insight:

Given Washington’s costly commitment to Israeli war plans and the constraints of US budget cuts, the new OKH regime will try to ‘coordinate’ policies with the other NATO powers, including sharing material resources and devising complementary strategies in counter-insurgency operations in sub-Sahara Africa, Islamist mercenary operations in Syria and managing ‘Muslim–neo-liberal’ regimes in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya

 

More on: http://dissidentvoice.org/2013/03/selling-death-and-buying-assassins-in-the-middle-east-north-africa-and-south-asia/

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US Aid to Egypt: The Start of a Serious Conversation

US Aid to Egypt: The Start of a Serious Conversation | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The recent Egypt debate in the US Senate could easily lead you to two separate, contradictory, and equally correct conclusions.  The first, more charitable than the next, would say that we have the beginning of a substantive political debate over aid to Egypt and overall US-Egyptian relations which that should be good for both countries.  The other conclusion would be that the US Senate is all talk and no action.  Or, to quote the gentleman from the great state of England, all sound and fury signifying nothing. 

Both conclusions are right.

 

Atlantic Council

More : http://www.acus.org/egyptsource/us-aid-egypt-start-serious-conversation

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US lawmakers push to restructure Egypt aid

US lawmakers push to restructure Egypt aid | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

US lawmakers have seized on a domestic spending bill as a chance to tighten controls on how Egypt's Islamist government can use over US$1 billion in military and other aid Washington sends to Cairo each year.

Five senators — four Republicans and one Democrat — offered separate Egypt aid amendments to a fast-track spending measure that seeks to avert a government shutdown on 27 March.

US lawmakers have expressed concern about Egypt's stability. But they have also worried about the future policies of its Islamist government, its relations with Israel and anger at vitriolic comments about Jews that President Mohamed Morsy made in 2010, when he was a leading figure in the Muslim Brotherhood.

They seized on the spending bill as a chance to clamp down on Cairo, days before President Barack Obama visits the region on his first presidential trip to Israel.

 

Reuters, via Egypt independent

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/us-lawmakers-push-restructure-egypt-aid

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U.S. lawmakers push to restructure Egypt aid

U.S. lawmakers have seized upon a domestic spending bill as a chance to tighten controls on how Egypt's Islamist government can use well over $1 billion in military and other aid that Washington sends to Cairo each year.(...)

 

U.S. lawmakers have expressed concern about Egypt's stability. But they have also worried about the future policies of its Islamist government, its relations with Israel and anger at vitriolic comments about Jews that Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi made in 2010, when he was a leading figure in the Muslim Brotherhood opposition movement.

 

More on: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/19/usa-fiscal-egypt-idUSL1N0CA4ZI20130319

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Obama administration pressured to stop sending aid to bail out Egyptian economy (& video)

Obama administration pressured to stop sending aid to bail out Egyptian economy (& video) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

At a time when money is tight at home and with Congress fighting over how much to spend, some argue for a closer look at foreign aid -- especially aid to Egypt, where last September demonstrators stormed the U.S. embassy.

"Not one penny more to countries that are burning our flag," Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky., told the Conservative Political Action Committee gathering in Washington.

 

Sen. Marco Rubio went one step further, offering an amendment to a pending budget bill that would impose conditions on additional aid.

"Foreign aid is not charity. Foreign aid is something that's supposed to further the national interest of the United States," the Florida Republican told Fox News in an interview. "And my problem with the Egyptian aid, and quite frankly with a lot of our foreign aid, is that we give foreign aid, but we're not sure what we're getting in return for it. What is the national interest that's being advanced?"

Rubio wants Egyptian aid to come with conditions, such as cooperation in counterterrorism, religious liberties, rights for women and, especially, living up to the 1979 peace treaty with Israel.

 

Rubio's move was prompted by  Secretary of State John Kerry's recent visit to Egypt, during which he delivered $250 million in economic aid, with another $260 million promised later. (...)

 

But analysts say giving Egypt money without conditions is counterproductive.

"It won't do much to actually help Egypt's economy," says Eric Trager of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. "It's just another example of giving money without getting anything in return. And in approaching this Muslim Brotherhood government, our policy should be that they have to give to get."

 

President Mohamed Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood allies have ended direct relations with Israel, often blame Israel for incidents in the critical Sinai Peninsula and have even called for the destruction of Israel.



More on: http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2013/03/14/should-us-be-sending-money-to-bail-out-egyptian-economy/
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