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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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La nouvelle Constitution va obliger le nouveau Parlement à émettre 24 lois et à en amender 42.

La nouvelle Constitution va obliger le nouveau Parlement à émettre 24 lois et à en amender 42. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les nouvelles lois les plus importantes concernent la justice sociale, les lieux de culte, l'élimination de la discrimination et du trafic des êtres humains
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By Mahmoud Ragheb 
The constitution obligates the next parliament to issue 24 new laws and to amend another 42, said Ramy Mohsen, the Director of the National Center for Research and Consulting in a Saturday press release.
Mohsen added that coming parliament will review 14 laws issued by the dissolved Shura Council in addition to decisions made by former president Mohamed Morsi.
The most prominent new laws concern social justice, houses of worship, elimination of discrimination and confronting human trafficking, he said.

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People's Assembly seats increase from 498 to 546

People's Assembly seats increase from 498 to 546 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt’s Shura Council (upper house of parliament) convened on Thursday to discuss the amendments to the new parliamentary elections law after receiving the observations of the High Constitutional Court. 

Increasing the number of seats from 498 to 546 was among the amendments that the council agreed on in today’s session. 

Cairo and Giza were granted 12 more seats each, while Alexandria, Qaliyubia, Sharqiya and Aswan were granted six each. 

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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FJP aims for outright majority in new Parliament

FJP aims for outright majority in new Parliament | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Muslim Brotherhood's political party aims to win an outright majority in the forthcoming parliamentary elections without making alliances with other more hardline Islamist groups, its leader said on Thursday.

Saad al-Katatny, 61, became the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) leader in October, replacing Mohamed Morsy who had become the first elected president of Egypt since the overthrow of veteran authoritarian President Hosni Mubarak in 2011.

"The Freedom and Justice Party will aim to get a majority [in Parliament]. We expect more popular support and an increase in our number of seats beyond what we held in the previous Parliament," Katatny told a news conference. (Egypt independent)

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/fjp-aims-outright-majority-new-parliament

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Brotherhood party proposes amendments to parliament law

Brotherhood party proposes amendments to parliament law | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) proposed amendments to the parliamentary elections law on Monday at a "national dialogue" meeting called by President Mohamed Mursi, said its chairman, Saad al-Katatni, on Tuesday. 

"I wish that all parties would rethink their positions and join us in confronting attempts to spread chaos and violence," Katatni said, adding that the purpose of the proposed amendments is to reduce tensions. 

Katatni insisted that all factions must rise above their ideological differences and put the safety and stability of the nation above all else.

"Our hands are reached out to everyone," he said in a post on the FJP's official Facebook page on Tuesday. 

Chairman of the Ghad al-Thawra Party, Ayman Noor, who also attended the meeting, said in a phone interview on a satellite channel on Monday that the amendments they discussed were to allow parliamentarians to change their status after being elected and to make it unnecessary for female candidates to be on top of electoral lists.

Meanwhile, Egypt's main opposition coalition, the National Salvation Front, had turned down Mursi's invitation for dialogue, describing it as "late" and "cosmetic". 

The president's call for dialogue came as an attempt to calm tensions that have risen in light of clashes that marked the second anniversary of the 2011 uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya
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Major representation disparities in new Parliament, says study

Major representation disparities in new Parliament, says study | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
There appears to be a problematic discrepancy between population and the number of seats in Parliament granted to each governorate, according to a recent study conducted ahead of the upcoming parliamentary elections.
Egypt-actus's insight:

The study, conducted by the Center for Public Opinion Research (Baseera), suggests that Giza has 4.3 million registered voters, the second highest in the country, but is represented by only 30 seats in the House of Representatives. However, Daqahlia, which has only 3.7 million registered voters, has been granted 36 seats.

Alexandria, home to 3.3 million voters, has 24 seats, but Beheira, Gharbiya and Sohag were each granted 30 seats despite having lower populations, the center said.

The study suggested that the discrepancies worked in favor of less populated border provinces. For instance, Aswan has six seats in Parliament with 853,000 voters, while Damietta has 12 with 894,000.

The study also pointed out other irregularities in the number of electors per each governorate, and recommended a reallocation of seats to ensure better representation of all governorates.

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En Égypte, un parti copte pourrait participer aux prochaines législatives

Selon l’agence Fides, un parti d’inspiration copte pourrait participer aux prochaines élections législatives en Égypte. L’apparition de ce nouveau parti politique a été envisagée, ces derniers jours, par Naguib Gabriel, responsable de l’Union égyptienne des organisations pour les droits humains (EUHRO).

Ce nouveau parti pourrait s’appuyer sur 15 000 militants et prendre le nom d’Egypt Beiteinu (« L’Égypte, notre maison »), reprenant la formule Yisrael Beiteinu, du parti nationaliste laïc créé en Israël par Avigdor Liebermann, pour fournir une représentation politique aux immigrés russes.

Selon Naguib Gabriel, la nouvelle formation politique serait identifiée par l’affirmation sans compromis du principe de citoyenneté, la justice sociale et la sauvegarde de la dignité humaine. Les coptes, estime-t-il, devraient voir augmenter leur présence dans les listes des partis laïcs ou islamiques modérés.

Egypt-actus's insight:
Une partie des sièges réservée aux coptes

Dans le cadre du nouveau Parlement, poursuit-il, une partie des sièges devra être réservée aux coptes, afin de leur garantir une représentation adéquate dans le pays aujourd’hui gouverné par un exécutif islamiste, qui vient de doter le pays d’une Constitution fortement inspirée de la charia, suscitant l’inquiétude des coptes.

« L’Église copte-orthodoxe et aussi l’Église copte-catholique refusent qu’il existe en Égypte un parti qui puisse être étiqueté comme le parti des chrétiens », a toutefois déclaré à l’agence missionnaire Fides Mgr Adel Zaki, vicaire apostolique latin d’Alexandrie.

« Tous préfèrent que les chrétiens participent aux groupes et partis politiques pluralistes, en collaborant avec tous les autres, sans s’isoler. Les secteurs libéraux visent à se présenter sous une liste unique, où devraient se concentrer toutes les forces. Dans ce dessein unitaire, toute division serait contre-productive. »

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Shura committee rejects quota for Copts in parliament

Shura committee rejects quota for Copts in parliament | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Shura Council's legislative and constitutional affairs committee on Monday rejected a proposal by a sub-committee to allocate a quota for the Copts through electoral lists in the upcoming parliament.

Head of the committee Mohamed Touson demanded giving this issue enough time in order to reach a crucial decision on it, the Middle East News Agency reported.

Touson said he "fears moving hastily towards a vote on such sensitive issue."

Safwat Abdel Ghani, a Building and Development Party MP, rejected this proposal, saying that it "wastes the rights of small parties that may win as they may be side-stepped for the sake of Coptic candidates".

The sub-committee had proposed an article saying that "a Coptic candidate should be declared winner in every governorate of the list with the least electoral representation in the list that follows".

"Having a Coptic MP represent every governorate in the parliament will not shake Egypt's image. We want to have someone to truly represent Copts, not someone who has no popularity in the street," MP Ramy Lakah said.

This does not shrink the share of Islamists in the parliament, Lakah added. (Aswat Masriya)

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Shura Council divided over quota for Copts in Parliament

Shura Council divided over quota for Copts in Parliament | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
The suggested quota for Coptic participation in the upcoming parliamentary elections triggered intense controversy during the Shura Council’s Legislative Committee meeting on Monday.
Egypt-actus's insight:

Coptic MPs on the committee requested that the draft parliamentary elections law stipulate a quota of 27 Coptic Christians, one for each governorate.

Several committee members objected to the request, claiming that it was unconstitutional, while others agreed that there needed to be a mechanism in place to ensure fair representation of Copts in Parliament.

“Don’t punish us for our faith,” said MP Mamdouh Ramzy, who added that President Mohamed Morsy was the first president to appoint 15 Copts to the Shura Council.

Shura Council member and constitutional expert Ramadan Bateekh supported the request, arguing that Copts are claiming their rights and that there would be a constitutional solution to the problem through the Supreme Constitutional Court.

Mohamed Mohie Eddin, MP for the Ghad al-Thawra Party, objected to the call for a quota. The solution to the representation of Copts should come through political parties and not through legislation, he said.

Salafi Nour Party MP Ali Abdel Tawab agreed, saying that establishing a quota for Copts amounted to sectarianism.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egypt independent)

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Naguib Gabriel: ‘Copts should have quota in parliament’

Naguib Gabriel: ‘Copts should have quota in parliament’ | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The head of the Egyptian Union for Equal Rights, Naguib Gabriel, has called on the government to provide a quota for Copts in the upcoming parliamentary elections, saying that the current atmosphere in Egypt will not allow for Copts to gain adequate representation.

Gabriel said that the current formation of the Islamist-dominated government largely ignores Copts, which he says total almost a quarter of the country’s population, or 21 million people.

Gabriel said: “There are six million eligible voting Copts,” including overseas voters, adding that a quota in the new House of Representatives would do justice by them.

“We must be represented in the upcoming government.” Eligible Coptic voters represent ten per cent of the total eligible Egyptian population.

Gabriel said that a quota was necessary for the upcoming elections but should apply for one election only. He believes it is necessary in order for Copts to defend themselves through legislation and the new constitution.

He said: “If there is no quota, there will be no Copts in the new House of Representatives.”

There are several articles in the constitution which Gabriel says are bad for Copts. Article 10 of the constitution refers to family life being the basis for the country, founded on religion, morality and patriotism. While the government has repeatedly stressed that Copts have nothing to fear, article 219 of the constitution states that principles of Shari’a form its basis.

Gabriel argued that articles 10 and 219 will ultimately serve to marginalise the Coptic community as it allows for discrimination.

When asked what should be done if Copts are not granted a quota, Gabriel said he would look to the liberal and Islamic liberal parties to include Copts on their election roll: “There are too few Copts in political groups at the moment.”

Last November official representatives of the three Christian denominations present in Egypt withdrew in protest from the Constituent Assembly over what they perceived to be an Islamist-dominated assembly drafting a constitution that does little to safeguard their rights. (Daily News Egypt)

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Egypt's women council slams new parliament law

Egypt's women council slams new parliament law | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt’s National Council for Women has declared its rejection of the new parliamentary elections law that is currently being discussed by the upper house of parliament.

According to the newly-drafted law, every electoral list is to include at least one female candidate whose name should be placed on the first half of the list, in districts that have more than four seats in parliament.

The council said in a statement that the draft law does not reflect a serious intention for better female representation in parliament, adding that it does not match the aspirations of post-revolution Egypt.

It argued that the law will place Egypt at the bottom of Arab countries in terms of representation of women in parliament, and harm the image of Egypt in front of the international community.

The council had suggested that female candidates be placed in the first third of electoral lists to increase their chances. (Aswat Masriya)

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«Les Frères musulmans ne doivent pas kidnapper l’Etat égyptien»

«Les Frères musulmans ne doivent pas kidnapper l’Etat égyptien» | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Moataz Salah Eddine est porte-parole d’Al Wafd, le plus vieux parti égyptien, fondé par Saad Zaghloul en 1918. Dans cet entretien, il dénonce ce qu’il appelle l’«ikhwanisation» de la société égyptienne et explique la ligne de son parti dans le contexte politique actuel et son positionnement en vue des prochaines législatives. Il évoque également la stratégie du Front du salut national – dont le Wafd a été l’initiateur – pour contrer l’offensive tous azimuts des Frères musulmans.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Extraits de l'interview

 

Vous aviez lancé un appel, en tant que Front du salut national, au peuple égyptien pour sortir manifester massivement le 25 janvier prochain. Cela pourrait-il changer la donne ?


Les gens vont certainement sortir en masse et nous accordons de l’importance à cet aspect. Ceci dit, nous considérons que le plus important est de nous concentrer sur les élections législatives. Nous, en tant que parti Al Wafd, nous nous préparons depuis plus de trois mois pour ce rendez-vous. Nous espérons que le Front du salut fera un bon score. Et si les partis qui siègent dans le FSN n’engagent pas une liste commune, nous serons le dernier parti à nous retirer du Front. A quoi bon avoir 100 députés au nom d’Al Wafd quand l’Egypte est en train de s’écrouler ? A quoi bon d’avoir une majorité quand le pays est sur le point de se transformer en deuxième Afghanistan ?

 

-Le Front du salut national pourrait-il s’ouvrir à d’autres partis ?


Il faut rappeler que le Front du salut national est une idée du Wafd à la base et c’est ici, au siège du parti, qu’il a été créé le soir du 22 novembre 2012.Il compte actuellement Al Wafd, le Doustour, le Parti des Egyptiens libres, le Parti égyptien démocratique, le Courant populaire, la Coalition populaire socialiste ainsi que des syndicats et des personnalités nationales. Le Front est ouvert à tout le monde et accueille tous les braves citoyens. Il n’exclut que les «fouloul» (les appendices) de l’ancien régime ainsi que les partis qui se disent non islamistes et qui sont en réalité les laquais des Frères musulmans et consorts.

-Pour finir, quelles sont les prémices de cette nouvelle année ? La crise politique qui divise le pays va-t-elle perdurer ?


Je pense qu’il y aura un clash durant la période transitoire du fait que les choses, au fond, n’ont pas changé. Les gens n’ont pas le sentiment qu’il y a eu une révolution. Cette période de transition va donc continuer. Mais s’il y a des élections honnêtes, et sachant que le Parlement a un grand rôle à jouer et que c’est lui qui choisit le gouvernement de concert avec le chef de l’Etat, ce sera une bonne chose. Dans tous les cas, cela va être une année décisive. S’il n’y a pas fraude, ce sera un gage de stabilité. S’il y a fraude, ce sera la chute fracassante de ce régime.

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Popular Alliance to push for female quote in parliament

Popular Alliance to push for female quote in parliament | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Socialist Popular Alliance Party expressed on Sunday its complete support to women's issues, stressing that the battle for a better constitution is not over yet.

The Party said that it seeks the issuance of a new constitution that is based on the values of citizenship and social justice and that guarantees women's rights, providing for complete equity between genders.

Party Member, Mona Ezzat, said in a press conference that the Alliance adopts a plan to integrate women in the policies of the party and its stances, pointing that women's issues have always been a priority.

"The Party seeks the adaption of a national plan to confront violence and all forms of discrimination against women," Ezzat said.

She added that the Popular Alliance will push for female quota in parliamentarian seats, local municipalities and syndicates

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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Egypt President to announce 'within days' opening of parliament nominations

Egypt President to announce 'within days' opening of parliament nominations | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

London-based Al-Hayat newspaper reports that sources within the presidential office also specified to them that elections will take place in three stages and an elected parliament's lower chamber is expected to be in place by the start of July. Elections are set for April, 2013.

 

The unnamed sources lay out that Egypt's High Constitutional Court (HCC) is to issue its review to the Shura Council (parliamentary upper house) on Monday on laws regulating parliamentary elections.

 

Meanwhile, judicial sources quoted in the same report as saying the HCC have reservations about certain articles of the draft law.

 

The Shura Council's next steps are to take into consideration the constitutional court's review, discuss and possibly amend the law before presenting it to the president for ratification.

 

The People's Assembly (parliamentary lower house) was dissolved in 2012 by an HCC court order that rendered the law that elected that chamber unconstitutional.

 

The Shura Council has assumed full legislative powers on a temporary basis until the new House of Representatives (formerly called the People's Assembly) is elected.




Ahram Online, via Egypt.com

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FJP election list to exclude most former MPs

FJP election list to exclude most former MPs | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Muslim Brotherhood will exclude 80 percent of its former parliamentarians from upcoming elections for the House of Representatives, according to the website of its political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party.


The party is “very carefully” reviewing its electoral lists for the next polls, and will nominate only 20 percent of former MPs, Helmy al-Gazzar, the FJP's Giza office chairman said Wednesday. He noted that candidates would be selected based on efficiency and expertise.

Gazzar also said he expects the party to win a majority in the lower house of Parliament, but said it would not sideline other political groups.
The FJP won 41 percent of seats in the People's Assembly in 2012, the largest bloc of any party, and acquired an overwhelming majority in the Shura Council in the first elections since the fall of Hosni Mubarak's regime.

 

More on: http://www.masress.com/en/anaen/92051

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51 Million Egyptians Eligible To Vote In Parliament Poll: CAPMAS

51 Million Egyptians Eligible To Vote In Parliament Poll: CAPMAS | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Head of official Egyptian statistics agency CAPMAS Abu Bakr El-Gendi announced on Monday that 51.387 million Egyptian citizens would be eligible to vote in upcoming parliamentary elections.

El-Gendi divided this figure between some 26.2 million male voters and some 25.1 female voters.

All Egyptians over the age of 18 will be eligible to cast ballots in upcoming elections for Egypt's House of Representatives (the lower house of parliament, formerly known as the People's Assembly).

The electoral process will begin next month, according to recent constitutional declarations stipulating that the legislative electoral process begin within 60 days of the approval of a new constitution.

Egypt's new national charter was approved via popular referendum last December.

Egypt's previous parliamentary polls in November 2011saw a turnout of roughly 54 per cent out of some 50 million eligible voters.

According to El-Gendi, there will be no change in the allocation of electoral districts in the upcoming elections

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New powers for Egypt's upper chamber signal increasing authoritarianism

New powers for Egypt's upper chamber signal increasing authoritarianism | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The recent promotion of the Egyptian parliament's toothless upper chamber to a full-fledged legislature was the latest worrying sign that the president, Mohammed Morsi, and his Islamist allies were ushering Egypt to the threshold of a political era that critics fear could be just as authoritarian as the 29-year rule of the former leader, Hosni Mubarak.

Gone, for now at least, is the mass election fraud Egyptians had endured during the Mubarak years, the wholesale torture of regime critics at the hands of his feared security agencies, and the tight control over the media.

What has come in their place, however, is beginning to appear no less authoritarian: an increasingly tight grip on political power by Islamists through the use of religion as a political weapon, elaborate defamation campaigns targeting opposition leaders and media critics, the manipulation of voters through bribery or intimidation and a near total lack of transparency.

Egypt's highest court was set to rule last night on whether the upper chamber, known as the Shura Council, should be dissolved.
Several lawsuits argue that there were irregularities in voting last year for council seats.

Yet if the Supreme Constitutional Court delays a decision, as some court observers expect, a parliamentary body long dismissed as a useless talk shop would continue to be Egypt's legislature until the spring or early summer, when a new house of deputies, the lower chamber, is due to be elected and seated.

In other words, a chamber that was elected by a mere 8 per cent of the nation's 50 million eligible voters, due to the low numbers that bothered to vote, will have an unusually powerful grip over the nation's legislative agenda.

Important legislation now pending includes a new election law; a package of economic reforms to raise funds and meet International Monetary Fund conditions for a US$4.8 billion (Dh17.5bn) loan; a law regulating street demonstrations; and possibly regulations designed to curb the independent media that has been sharply critical of the president and the Muslim Brotherhood, in which he formerly served as a top official.

On the face of it, the promotion of the Shura Council is a concession by Mr Morsi to the opposition, which has been critical of the president holding both executive and legislative powers.

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FJP flips position, decides to ally with Abu Ismail in elections

FJP flips position, decides to ally with Abu Ismail in elections | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Despite previous announcements to the contrary, the Freedom and Justice Party has decided to join a coalition with Hazem Salah Abu Ismail’s Umma Party and Emad Abdel Ghafour’s Al-Watan Party for the upcoming parliamentary elections.

An FJP source said that the party would not ally with the Jama’a al-Islamiya or the Salafi Nour Party, as they differ on the question of the representation ratio in Parliament.

The party is considering fielding 30 percent of its candidates from Copts, women and youth in different constituencies, who would appear in the top half of the ballot list — or at least in the second and third rank.

Karem Radwan of the FJP said surveys showed the party should field half the candidates from the previous elections, and exclude the other half for being preoccupied with other work, or for poor performance in the last parliamentary session. Islamists would probably win 70 percent of parliamentary seats, he predicted.

This decision counters an announcement made earlier this month by Hesham al-Desouqy, a member of the FJP’s supreme body, who said that his party's electoral lists would only include Brotherhood members.

“The party decided not to form alliances with liberal parties or get engaged in electoral alliances with Islamist forces,” he had said, adding that including Islamist parties on one electoral list would weaken all of them.

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Salvation Front members decide to sit together in Shura Council meetings

Salvation Front members decide to sit together in Shura Council meetings | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Representatives of the National Salvation Front in the Shura Council have formed a committee to unify their position on draft laws submitted to Parliament.
Egypt-actus's insight:

Ihab al-Kharrat of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party said there are 45 representatives in the committee, including members of the Free Egyptians Party, the Karama Party, the Wafd Party, the Democratic Generation Party, the Egyptian Current Party, the Social Peace Party and the Freedom Party.

The front decided that all committee members must sit next to each other during council sessions in order to demonstrate their power, said Mohamed al-Hanafy of the Wafd Party.

“We will ask deputies of other civil forces to sit among us to show more strength,” he said.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egypt independent)

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Party pushes for better female representation in parliament

Party pushes for better female representation in parliament | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

An Egyptian political party "Misr" announced on Monday that it holds on to its initial stance of women's status in the electoral list for the proposed amendments in the elections law.

The party's official spokesman, Walid Abdel Moneim, called on all parties to adhere to Article 3 of the proposed amendments to the elections law which establish affirmative action for women.

Abdel Moneim said that the party may withdraw from the national dialogue if the legislative committee of the Shura Council (upper house of the parliament) refuses Article 3 which stipulates the affirmative action, reported the Middle East News Agency.

"We unanimously approved this article in the national dialogue, including representatives of the religious parties," Abdel Moneim said in a statement.

He added that despite the religious parties' approval of the article in the national dialogue; they rejected it in the Shura Council discussions, considering it as a negative indicator.

"What is the point of the national dialogue if no one commits to what we have agreed upon," he asked.

The national dialogue had presented a draft bill to the Shura Council in order to legislate it.

Egypt’s National Council for Women had already declared its rejection of the new elections law on grounds that it does not reflect a serious intention for better female representation in parliament, adding that it does not match the aspirations of post-revolution Egypt.

Meanwhile, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) noted that "there were no women in the constitutional drafting committee, a government reshuffle reduced the number of women ministers from 3 to 2 and a quota for women’s representation in parliament was abolished."

"Following the 2011 elections, the proportion of women in the lower house diminished from 12% to 2%," The FIDH added in a report on women of the Arab Spring. (Aswat Masriya)

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Mission d’assistance de l’Union Interparlementaire en Egypte sur la révision de la loi électorale

Mission d’assistance de l’Union Interparlementaire en Egypte sur la révision de la loi électorale | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

(APO)/ – Une mission d’experts de l’UIP va travailler avec les autorités égyptiennes à la révision de la loi régissant les élections législatives en vue des élections à la Chambre basse du Parlement qui doivent se tenir dans les prochaines semaines.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Cette mission (13-14 janvier) s’inscrit dans le cadre de l’appui que l’UIP apporte à l’Egypte pour l’aider à édifier une société démocratique.

Une équipe d’experts spécialisés dans les processus électoraux et la participation politique des femmes, ainsi qu’un parlementaire du Royaume-Uni, dispenseront des conseils sur un large éventail de sujets. Il s’agit notamment de la mise en place des dispositifs les plus efficaces possibles pour élire davantage de femmes au Parlement égyptien. En effet, l’Egypte ne compte actuellement que 15 femmes parlementaires, soit 2,0 pour cent de l’effectif total.

Ce pays arabe est doté d’un système mixte de représentation proportionnelle et de scrutin majoritaire uninominal à un tour pour l’élection des parlementaires. Quotas et sièges réservés sont généralement les instruments les plus efficaces pour assurer un parlement plus représentatif.

Le Parlement égyptien a entrepris la révision de la loi régissant les élections législatives, qui devra être parachevée dans les prochaines semaines, après qu’une nouvelle Constitution eut été adoptée le mois dernier.

La loi révisée devra être assortie d’autres mesures propres à assurer une participation accrue des femmes à la vie politique. On citera en particulier les campagnes de sensibilisation des citoyens sur le vote en faveur des femmes, la formation des femmes candidates aux méthodes de campagne électorale et la couverture médiatique des candidates lors des réunions électorales.

Bahreïn, Maldives et RDC au programme du Comité des droits de l’homme des parlementaires de l’UIP qui se réunit la semaine prochaine – Les violations des droits de l’homme de parlementaires à Bahreïn, aux Maldives et en République démocratique du Congo (RDC), voilà entre autres les cas sur lesquels se penchera le Comité des droits de l’homme des parlementaires, qui se réunit du 14 au 18 janvier.

Cette session permettra au Comité d’entendre les autorités parlementaires de Bahreïn sur le dossier de Matar Ebrahim Matar et de Jawad Fairuz Ghuloom, qui auraient fait l’objet d’arrestations et de détentions arbitraires, ainsi que de mauvais traitements. M. Ghuloom fait partie des 31 militants de l’opposition qui se sont vus déchoir de la nationalité bahreïnite au mois de novembre.

Cette audition fait suite à une résolution que l’UIP a adoptée à sa 127ème Assemblée, à Québec, au mois d’octobre, et dans laquelle elle se disait préoccupée par les efforts déployés pour étouffer l’opposition et s’inquiétait de ce que personne n’ait eu à rendre de comptes au sujet des mauvais traitements qui auraient été infligés aux deux parlementaires.

Le Comité des droits de l’homme des parlementaires s’intéressera également aux conclusions d’une mission de droits de l’homme que l’UIP a dépêchée aux Maldives en novembre dernier, pour réunir des preuves directes au sujet des allégations de mauvais traitements, de détention et de harcèlement à l’encontre de 19 parlementaires de l’opposition. Il s’est déjà dit préoccupé que la violence politique et l’intimidation de parlementaires n’aient pas cessé depuis le début de la crise politique en février 2012, et que les responsables n’aient pas été poursuivis.

Cet organe de protection des droits de l’homme s’interrogera aussi sur les mesures à prendre au sujet de deux parlementaires de l’opposition en République démocratique du Congo, MM. Eugène Diomi Ndongala et Pierre Jacques Chalupa. Il s’était dit vivement préoccupé par leur situation dans une résolution adoptée à l’Assemblée tenue par l’UIP à Québec, en octobre dernier.

Le Comité est actuellement saisi de 83 cas concernant 233 parlementaires de 39 pays, répartis sur l’ensemble des continents, qui portent sur des disparitions, des atteintes à la liberté d’expression, des cas de harcèlement, des accusations pénales à mobile politique, des arrestations illégales et des détentions arbitraires, parmi d’autres violations des droits de l’homme.

Le Comité des droits de l’homme des parlementaires de l’UIP fondé en 1976 doit également connaître d’un certain nombre de dossiers anciens et toujours non résolus portant notamment sur des cas de disparition de parlementaires au Bélarus, en Erythrée et au Rwanda. Enfin, il traite aussi de cas très médiatisés comme ceux de Sam Rainsy au Cambodge, d’Anwar Ibrahim en Malaisie, de Fawzia Koofi en Afghanistan ou de Jatuporn Prompan en Thaïlande

 

SOURCE 

International Press Institute (IPI)

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Shura Council reviews new parliamentary elections law

Shura Council reviews new parliamentary elections law | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt’s Shura Council (upper house of parliament) will discuss on Wednesday the new parliamentary elections law that Prime Minister Hisham Kandil's cabinet drafted. 

The Legislation Committee of the council agreed on a preliminary draft of the bill on Tuesday and will now refer it to the general assembly of the upper house to comment on it then send it to the High Constitutional Court to review its legality. 

The main changes in the new law include, changing the name of the People's Assembly to House of Representatives, retracting the president's right to appoint ten members to the assembly and giving women better representation by putting them on top of the electoral lists. 

Now that a new constitution has been approved, the election of a new House of Representatives is expected to take place within the next two months to replace the previous assembly that was dissolved in June upon a court ruling that declared the law that brought it to place invalid. 

Following the adoption of the new constitution, the Shura Council assumed legislative power from President Mohamed Mursi who held it temporarily following the dissolution of the People's Assembly.

The council is now expected to legislate a new parliamentary elections law to pave the way for the election of a new House of Representatives. (Aswat Masriya)

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