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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Palestinian jihadists attacked Rafah base, says military source

Palestinian jihadists attacked Rafah base, says military source | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The perpetrators of a deadly attack on an army camp in Rafah that which killed 16 Egyptian soldiers in August, included 40 Palestinian Jihadists, an informed military source told the privately-owned Shorouk newspaper.

 

He added that sovereign authorities were informed that the Palestinian jihadists entered while troops were occupied with the local security failure.


The source said that the National Security Agency and other sovereign authorities deployed personnel in the Sinai peninsula, at the border and crossings to arrest jihadists, who he said are trying to enter Egypt with Egyptian names. The source said that the forensic medicine department report, which was submitted to military prosecution, said that DNA could not be extracted from bodies of the seven perpetrators during autopsy.

Meanwhile, senior Hamas official Ismail Haniyeh renewed the movement’s denial that Hamas members took part in the attack on the checkpoint.

An investigative report published in Al-Ahram Al-Arabi magazine accused figures associated with Hamas of the attack.

President Mohamed Morsy used the crisis to sideline the old leadership of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, who he sent to retirement, replacing them with a second rank of officers.

In a phone call with the head of the Wafd Party, Al-Sayyed al-Badawy, Haniyeh said the Palestinian people will never forget sacrifices made and are still being made by Egyptians for the Palestinian cause.

“Egypt’s strength, safety and stability is a strength for all the Arab nation. We can never allow its safety and people to be harmed,” he added.

 

http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/palestinian-jihadists-attacked-rafah-base-says-military-source

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Égypte: le Sinaï en état d'urgence

Égypte: le Sinaï en état d'urgence | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le ministère de l'Intérieur égyptien a proclamé aujourd'hui l'état d'urgence dans le Sinaï après avoir appris que des djihadistes pourraient se livrer à des attaques contre la police, a annoncé l'agence officielle Mena.

"Le ministère de l'Intérieur a proclamé l'état d'urgence dans le Nord et le Sud Sinaï après avoir été informé que des groupes djihadistes avaient l'intention d'y perpétrer une attaque contre des bâtiments de la police", a déclaré le général Ossama Ismaïl, responsable du ministère de l'Intérieur, cité par Mena.

L'annonce intervient après que des heurts ont éclaté à Port-Saïd suite à la confirmation par la justice de la condamnation à la peine capitale de 21 accusés dans l'affaire des émeutes meurtrières l'an dernier, dans le stade de Port-Saïd.

Des manifestants de Port-Saïd en colère contre la confirmation des peines ont fait dériver des hors-bords dans le canal de Suez dans l'intention de perturber le trafic. Ils ont également empêché des ferries transportant des voitures de traverser le canal.

 

http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2013/03/09/97001-20130309FILWWW00317-egypte-le-sinai-en-etat-d-urgence.php

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Brother of al-Qaeda chief: America beware (Interview)

Brother of al-Qaeda chief: America beware (Interview) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

When the U.S. Embassy here was besieged by protesters who took down the American flag and raised a black Islamist flag that looks similar to that of al-Qaeda, among the crowd was a man whom Western counterterrorism agencies are watching closely.

 

Mohammed al-Zawahri denies he is a member of al-Qaeda, but the younger brother of al-Qaeda's leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri, shares its goal of global Muslim theocracies based on strict religious law.

Jailed 13 years on militancy charges, he was freed following the revolution that ousted Egyptian dictator Hosni Mubarak, and he has a message to the United States.

"If America does not stop (its) violations or attacks, there will not be just one Ayman al-Zawahri, but all Muslims will (become like) Ayman al-Zawahri," he said in an interview with USA TODAY.

"Our sharia commands us to stick to peace, to stick to Islam, to build our civilization, but if someone attacks us, our religion commands that all of us turn to be jihadists."

Egypt-actus's insight:

Mohammed al-Zawahri, 61, is portrayed by Egyptian newspapers as a leader of some of Egypt's Salafis, who follow a radical ideology. One variety of the movement is known as Wahhabism, which informed the beliefs of Osama bin Laden. (...)

 

In various neighborhoods across Cairo, many moderate Egyptians know little about Mohammed al-Zawahri, who was released from jail in March after an Egyptian court overturned his conviction on terrorism-related charges.

 

While Zawahri is respected in some circles, one taxi driver slugging through traffic in the capital reflected the views of many when he said Zawahri's beliefs do not represent those of most Egyptians.

"Islam is a religion of mercy, of forgiveness," said Hosni Saleem Hassain. "As Muslims, you can't go out and kill people. His words are nonsense."

 

More on: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2013/02/09/zawahri-egypt-al-qaeda/1898965/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+UsatodaycomWorld-TopStories+%28News+-+World+-+Top+Stories%29

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"Les Djihadistes sont les enfants des dictatures, pas des révolutions", par Kamel Daoud

« Ceci est le résultat du printemps arabe» a résumé, sous couvert d'anonymat, un responsable algérien au «New York Times», rapporte le journal électronique TSA. C'est la nouvelle équation, épilogue de longs glissements sémantiques entre le sens de démocratie, chaos, révolution, désordre, islamistes… etc. Chez nous, le régime a joué sur la peur du chaos et le traumatisme des années 90, pour stopper net les demandes de changements et faire passer la démocratie pour l'ennemi du Bien. Avec la prise d'otages d'In Aménas, cette équation est désormais revendue aux opinions de l'Occident : les Djiahdistes sont la conséquence du printemps «arabe». Est-ce vrai ? Non. Les révolutions en Tunisie, en Egypte ou, surtout en Libye, ont permis aux islamistes de prendre les pouvoirs et aux Djihadistes de prendre de nouvelles armes. Mais les islamistes et les Djihadistes ne sont pas nés des révolutions. Ils sont nés avant, des régimes, des dictatures, des échecs idéologiques des nationalismes, de l'injustice. Les islamistes sont d'abord les fils légitimes et aînés des régimes qui sont tombés et du wahhâbisme internationalisé par le livre et le satellite. 

Egypt-actus's insight:

On ne semble retenir, aujourd'hui, de ces dictatures que leur vertu policière de «stabilité» et d'ordre. On oublie, avec une criminelle facilité, les tortures, les dénis de droits, les spoliations de richesses, les viols, les fraudes, les corruptions, le mal, les disparitions forcées, les vols, les assassinats. On oublie la guerre faite aux progressistes, les universités vassalisées, les élites soumises aux chantages par la violence, la chasse aux intellectuels et au Savoir. On oublie que ces régimes ont justement encouragé les islamistes comme alibi (Si ce n'est pas moi, ce sont eux !), pourchassé la modernité, et verrouillé les cultures sous la serre des mosquées et des «Services». On oublie aussi que faute d'alternative idéologique aux nationalismes menteurs, les gens n'ont trouvé que le wahhâbisme et l'islamisme comme refuges et comme solutions, parce qu'on n'a rien laissé émerger d'autres. 

On ne fabrique pas un islamiste et un Djihadiste lorsqu'on se révolte contre un régime. On fabrique des Djihadistes quand on construit la plus grande mosquée de l'Afrique et pas le plus grand pays, quand on pourchasse les couples et les libertés, quand on encourage le bigotisme et les fatwas et quand on «talibanise» les écoles et les écoliers, au lieu de les encourager à s'interroger sur le monde et à créer la richesse et la valeur. L'équation moderne est d' «afghaniser» les peuples par les écoles et de «pakistaniser» les régimes par la global-war. Cela mène au mur. 

Les islamistes sont donc les enfants directs des Dictatures. Kadhafi n'avait pas six enfants, mais des milliers, de Benghazi à Gao. Autant que Moubarak. Ce ne sont pas les enfants des révolutions. On en fabrique quand on infantilise un peuple pendant des décennies, quand on le dé-cultive, le réduit à l'ignorance et au Moyen-âge : la dictature peut tomber mais ses effets seront durables, pendant longtemps : les islamistes, le non-vote, le désengagement, le fatalisme, la violence comme institution primaire, l'intolérance, en sont les produits dérivés. Et si les peuples «arabes» se sont révoltés, c'est à cause de trois grand maux : les polices politiques alias les «Moukhabarates» qui gangrènent la vie des nations, la Justice à la dérive et les fils des dictateurs. Cela est la vérité crue et évidente pour celui qui ne veut pas s'illusionner ni mentir. 

Dire aujourd'hui que le printemps «arabe» a enfanté des Djihdistes est une manœuvre, un mensonge, un raccourci et une ruse. Ce n'est pas vrai. Dans ce monde «arabe», aujourd'hui centre du monde par l'obscurité et pas par l'avant-garde et la lumière, les islamistes et les Djihadistes sont venus au monde parce que pendant le demi-siècle passé, on a tout fait pour détruire ce qui peut assurer une relève, une réflexion, une liberté. On les a encouragés, dopés et on a surveillé et emprisonné ce qui pouvait offrir un autre choix que le Moyen-âge. On a détruit les libertés et les libérations acquises après le départ des colons. 

Demander la démocratie n'est pas un crime, ni la cause du chaos actuel. Le chaos et la violence sont le crime des régimes qui ne savent fabriquer que des prisons ou des islamistes ou des Trabelsi prédateurs. Dire aujourd'hui, que les Djihadistes sont une menace contre le pays est une vérité mais il faut aussi admettre qu'à long terme, on fabrique des islamistes quand on refuse la liberté aux siens, le Savoir, les écoles modernes, l'entreprise, la créativité et la création et lorsqu'on encourage la prière au lieu du travail et le conservatisme au lieu de la citoyenneté ou la fatwa au lieu de la loi. Lorsqu'on prive un peuple de sa liberté, il s'habitue aussi à ne pas en avoir, au nom de Dieu, à la place du «au nom du dictateur». 


(Le Quotidien d'Oran)

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Interior Ministry raises emergency measures in Sinai

Interior Ministry raises emergency measures in Sinai | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Security are on heightened alert in the strategic Sinai Peninsula bordering Israel after they were tipped off that jihadist groups will attack police institutions.

 

Egypt's interior ministry has raised the state of emergency in northern and southern Sinai, General Osama Ismail, assistant to the interior minister in Sinai, quotes MENA, the official state news agency on Saturday.

 

Ismail says that security forces received information that jihadist groups intend to launch attacks on police institutions in the strategic peninsula.

He also assures that the ministry continues to work with tribal leaders in Sinai to maintain security.

The Sinai has been home to several jihadist groups and has seen several attacks on police and security forces in the past years.

 

More on: http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/66462.aspx

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Egyptian Jihadists in Syria : The taboo that no one wants to speak about

Last Thursday Yosri Fouda opened a very important file , a recent taboo I believe the Egyptian media has avoided to discuss as it should. Yosri Fouda spoke about Egyptian Jihadists in Syria hosting two of them on air. 

One of the guests is Salaist preacher and the other one hiding his face was a fighter. Fouda also spoke on the phone with a Sheikh from Al Azhar who could not say whether he was with Jihad in Syria or not considering how much it is complicated there now.

Fouda used the story of late Mohamed Mehrez as a lead for his segment.

During the episode people went mad on twitter accusing Yosri Fouda of glorifying these Jihadists and some even went far and linked between Fouda’s past reports about Al Qaeda and those Jihadists in Al Jazeera forgetting that he is now working in the liberal ONTV channel attacked day and night by Islamists and Jihadists. Fouda was attacked that he did not condemn the Jihadists and people feared that episode would encourage Egyptian youth to go and fight in Syria. Well the majority of those youth do not watch ONTV at all. (...)

It is unclear how those Egyptian Jihadists travel to Syria but without doubt it is by the knowledge of the regime just like in the 1980s. Al Masryoon newspaper which is close to Islamists and Jihadists claimed that there is a famous mosque in Nasr City helps Egyptian Jihadists to travel and that those Jihadists entered Syria from Turkey. The report also claimed that other couple of Mosques in Heliopolis following the Jihadists “in Heliopolis !!” and as well a mosque in Alexandria and Matrouh. “Strong Salafist presence”. (Egyptian Chronicles)


More : http://egyptianchronicles.blogspot.fr/2013/02/egyptian-jihadists-in-syria-taboo-that.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+EgyptianChronicles+(Egyptian+chronicles)

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Interview: The Jihadist from Mubarak’s Family

Interview: The Jihadist from Mubarak’s Family | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Sheik Abdul Rahim Abdul Ghaffar, former leader of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, claims that the downfall of President Mohamed Mursi’s regime would plunge the country into chaos. Abdul Ghaffar’s mother is the cousin of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, who ruled Egypt for almost 30 years.

During Mubarak’s Abdul Ghaffar spent over 15 years in several Egyptian prisons, harshest of which was the Scorpion Prison in southern Cairo.

Abdul Ghaffar was first sentenced in 1981 for attempting to impose sharia law during the notorious trial against Egyptian Islamic Jihad for the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. He received his second sentencing during the 1993 trial against the group known as the Vanguards of Conquest.

 

He rejected Mursi’s capitulation to the pressure from the opposition to appoint non-Brotherhood members to his cabinet. He believes that the opposition wants to undermine the Islamists’ plans to establish a theocratic state by claiming that the Supreme Guide, the Muslim Brotherhood’s top official, is running Egypt.

 

He said that, “In the Egyptian countryside, Mubarak is considered to be my uncle. My mother is Ihsan Mahmoud Mubarak, cousin of the former president. My grandfather was the brother of Mubarak’s father.” He pointed out that the Mubarak family in the village of Kafr Meselhh rejects the validity of his trial.

 

The following are highlights from the interview:

 

[Asharq Al-Awsat] Two years after the January 25 revolution, how do you see Egypt?

[Abdul Ghaffar] The revolution has not yet achieved its goals. Mubarak and the deep-rooted corruption which he instilled still pervade all state institutions.

 

[Asharq Al-Awsat] From your standpoint, what prevents President Mursi from achieving the goals of the revolution?

[Abdul Ghaffar] The corruption from the previous regime underlies all government ministries and agencies. They still operate in the same manner as they did pre-revolution.

 

[Asharq Al-Awsat] But the eliminating the underlying corruption, as you say, is the job of the president and his government; Why do they not do this?

[Abdul Ghaffar] Quite frankly, the presidency is nothing but the army and the police, and the dozens of advisors and ministers around him are merely for show. If police and army officials turned against the president he would be without power.

 

-You belong to Mubarak’s family; How do you all perceive the situation now after the court ruled for a re-trial of the former president and his two sons?

 

- Are you in touch with your siblings (Mubarak’s cousins)?

 

-Some are now saying that the country was better off during Mubarak’s reign than it is now; How do you respond to this?

 

- What do you think of the opposition National Salvation Front’s refusal to enter into discussions with President Mohamed Mursi?

 

- Some are calling for the ouster of Mursi’s regime. What do you expect would happen if his regime fell?

Egypt-actus's insight:

Other questions:

- What is your take on the oft-repeated notion that Mursi is only interested in making the state a reflection of the Muslim Brotherhood? 

- Some claim that the Supreme Guide of the Brotherhood holds the reins of power in Egypt; How do you see this?

-Do you feel that it is accurate to say that some Islamists view all those who oppose them as infidels?

- What is your take on the current violence in Egypt?

- So you believe that applying the restrictions of sharia law is way out of the current cycle of crises in which Egypt finds itself?

(...)

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