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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Hommage: Décès d’un intellectuel courageux

Hommage: Décès d’un intellectuel courageux | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Penseur islamiste réformateur, frère cadet du fondateur de la confrérie des Frères musulmans, Gamal Al-Banna est décédé cette semaine à l’âge de 93 ans. Ses idées se sont toujours distinguées de la pensée radicale.

 

La religion est, selon lui, un message divin de civilisation et de progrès et non un instrument de manipulation politique. Son refus de l’Etat religieux était basé sur une connaissance en profondeur de l’islam, qui est, d’après lui, un ensemble de directives pour la vie en société et ne définit pas de régime politique à instaurer. Gamal Al-Banna fustigeait la confrérie des Frères musulmans, qui, selon lui, a été corrompue par l’exercice politique. Et c’est là que résidait le conflit intellectuel entre lui et les mouvements de l’islam politique. Dans son livre L’Islam est une religion et une nation et non une religion et un Etat, Gamal Al-Banna écrit que l’instrumentalisation de la religion porte atteinte à celle-ci, arguant que, même à l’époque du prophète Mohamad et de ses compagnons, l’Etat théocratique n’a jamais existé. Il évoque, en outre, dans ce livre les raisons de la faillite des expériences d’instauration d’Etats islamiques à notre époque. (May Al-Maghrabi et Noha Ayman/Al-Ahram Hebdo)


Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/960/1/130/1607/Hommage-D%C3%A9c%C3%A8s-d%E2%80%99un-intellectuel-courageux.aspx

 
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Gamal al-Banna, 1920-2013

Gamal al-Banna, 1920-2013 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Gamal al-Banna, who died yesterday at the age of 92, was the youngest brother of Hassan al-Banna, founder and first Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood. He did not share his brother's views, but advocated a flexible, modern interpretation of Islam and opposed the Muslim Brotherhood. He questioned the traditional collections of hadith on which much Islamic law is basedk; he opposed the Brotherhood's advocacy of a Sharia-based state. A trade union activist as well, he evolved an anti-capitalist interpretation of Islam. (Michael Collins Dunn)

More : http://mideasti.blogspot.fr/2013/01/gamal-al-banna-1920-2013.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+MeiEditorsBlog+(MEI+Editor's+Blog)

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Egypt’s lost hero: Gamal al-Banna

Egypt’s lost hero: Gamal al-Banna | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s Gamal al-Banna passed away on Wednesday at the age of 92. The younger brother of Muslim Brotherhood founder Hassan al-Banna, Gamal was one of the few people in Egypt who could talk with authority about Islam, secularism, education and the changing of Egyptian society for the past 7 decades. He was a man who not only was honest, but had was stalwart in his ability to discuss issues that few dared touch. He will be sorely missed by the country, especially at a time when compromise, tolerance and understanding have seemingly been forgotten in the post-revolution atmosphere.

Egypt-actus's insight:

“Islam is tolerant and does not have a church-like system as other religions. There are not supposed to be religious ranks. But, at the same time as this tolerance, the rulers began to be very authoritarian. They allowed people to pray as much as they wanted, but if they stepped into criticizing the government it would be the end of them,” he laughs, pointing to the fact that not much has changed in 1,000 years.

That intellectual freedom is at the heart of Al Banna’s revisionist attitude and openness to religious debate. He has been outspoken on a number of issues despite the constant criticism and attacks that have been thrown his direction.

He sparked the ire of the conservatives by going on pan-Arabic news network Al Arabiya and arguing that men and women should be allowed to embrace in public. These comments came only a short time after publishing a book on the higab, which sparked an uproar among conservative women adorning the niqab, the full veil that covers the face and eyes.

But the criticism does not bother him rather it pushes the 89-year-old further. He says that these are simply his views and that people should “think for themselves about their own faith and how they want to live their lives.”

Al Banna believes that Islam is a religion of the people and that it should be the individual who chooses how to practice their faith outside movements or religious groups.

“My Islam is based on humanity,” he argues.

He will not be forgotten. (Joseph Mayton/Bikya news)

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