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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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The ECHO Cairo Workshop, September 2012

The ECHO Cairo Workshop, September 2012 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

From the Egyptian Cultural Heritage Organisation :

"The changing transregional political situation in North Africa and Western Asia has been putting cultural heritage at risk on a scale not seen since the late 1980s to early 1990s when the Iron Curtain was removed that separated Eastern and Western Europe during the transition from communism to democratically elected parliaments and greater social freedom. Some of the main challenges to protecting cultural property that Eastern Europe faced were the lack of administrative continuity, government funding, and enforceable laws and regulations in the field of cultural heritage management. A similar situation is now unfolding throughout North Africa and Western Asia as many countries try to change from authoritarian regimes to greater social, political and economic freedom. Many of the problems, such as looting and vandalism, are just increased risks that are faced on a daily basis in peace times, others such as the speed of development projects, including the building of dams in the Sudan need special attention. This ECHO Workshop is designed to bring archaeologists, cultural heritage managers, developers, politicians, antiquities traders, collectors, conservators and other stakeholders together from around the region to discuss ways of preventing looting, vandalism, destruction and stealing of cultural property. How effective has the UNESCO 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict been in these recent developments? The 1954 Hague Convention came into being as a result of World War II, however, as the type of conflict now being fought has changed since 1945 it seems an appropriate time to re-evaluate the procedures in place to protect the world’s cultural heritage. The UNESCO 1970 Paris Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property and the UNESCO 1972 Paris Convention Concerning Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage and how they have been implemented and can be improved are also relevant due to recent events."

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Les révoltes assombrissent les perspectives pour les pays arabes, selon le FMI

Les révoltes assombrissent les perspectives pour les pays arabes, selon le FMI | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Les révoltes qui secouent depuis le début de l'année les pays arabes assombrissent leurs perspectives de croissance, surtout pour ceux qui importent leur pétrole, estime le FMI dans ses prévisions semestrielles...

Ils sont confrontés simultanément à la baisse des recettes liées au tourisme, au ralentissement des flux de capitaux et des transferts d'argent des travailleurs émigrés, tout en étant contraints d'augmenter les dépenses budgétaires pour tenter de calmer l'agitation sociale, indique l'institution monétaire."

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عبد الفتاح : "المالية" تدرس تثبيت العاملين بـ"الآثار" ومازلت مصمماً على استقالتى

عبد الفتاح : "المالية" تدرس تثبيت العاملين بـ"الآثار" ومازلت مصمماً على استقالتى | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Muhammad 'Abd al-Fattâh, secrétaire général du Conseil suprême des Antiquités, a rencontré dimanche 25/09/2011, le Premier ministre égyptien pour s'entretenir avec lui de la situation critique, notamment financière, dans laquelle se trouvent actuellement les Antiquités égyptiennes.

Il a par ailleurs déclaré qu'il est toujours déterminé à donner sa démission si les moyens mis à sa disposition  pour accomplir sa fonction n'évoluent pas.

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Should Egypt pay to promote its authors abroad ?

Should Egypt pay to promote its authors abroad ? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The Egyptian government - and the governments of other Arabic-writing countries - do little to promote their own authors abroad. This failure was one of the major discussion points when LAF (Literature Across Frontiers) presented a report on Arabic-English translation at the British Council headquarters this week. The report, which covered the period from 1990-2010, was part of a much larger study. Buchler told a small audience that the idea behind these studies was to “map the translation flows within the Euro-Mediterranean region.” (M. Lynx Qualey)

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Egyptian artists participate in French Autumn Salon

Egyptian artists participate in French Autumn Salon | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Seven Egyptian artists displayed their artwork in the French Autumn Salon, planned every two years. It will be held on October 12 to 17 this year in Paris.

Egyptian paintings to be exhibited are called Visible Poetry. They express the Egyptian January 25 Revolution, the struggle of Egyptians, overthrowing the tyrannical regime and calling for freedom, according to the professor of faculty of the Fine Arts, Samir Abdul-Fadil." (Naglaa Kamal)

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Gallery Tour : Before the Pyramids

Gallery Tour : Before the Pyramids | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

When : Wednesday, October 19, 2011 12:15 pm

Where : Oriental Institute - 1155 East 58th Street, Chicago, IL

Description :Don’t miss this last opportunity take a curator-led tour of our special exhibit “Before the Pyramids: The Origins of Egyptian Civilization,” which closes at the end of the year. Join Emily Teeter, Oriental Institute Research Associate and Curator of “Before the Pyramids” to discuss the extraordinary artifacts that reconstruct the lives of the early craftsmen, administrators, and kings whose legacies gave lasting shape to the great civilization that arose along the banks of the Nile.

 

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Protest to reinstate Ministry of Antiquities

Protest to reinstate Ministry of Antiquities | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"A number of archeologists organized a protest for Sunday, in front of the Cabinet demanding Egypt's Prime Minister Essam Sharaf to reinstate the Ministry of Antiquities. They raised banners to express their demands to cleanse the ministry from remnants of the former regime.

The demonstrators demanded hiring temporary archeologists and fresh graduates, in addition to dismissing the Director General of the High Council of Antiquities. The demonstrators nominated Abdel Haleem Nour al-Din to appoint him as Egypt's Minister of Antiquities." (Abdel-Latif Sobh and Hany al-Hoty)

(picture : Essam Sharaf)

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"Famous female pharaohs of Ancient Egypt", by Heather A. Fowler

"Famous female pharaohs of Ancient Egypt", by Heather A. Fowler | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The majority of Egyptologists believe that in ancient Egypt, family lines were matrilineal, or traced through the mother, in ancient times. It is not surprising, then, that there were many female leaders of the nation as well. While most modern experts now believe that there has never been a true matriarchy – that is, a society based on the supremacy of women - females of the royal line in ancient Egypt ruled on the throne when lineage dictated."

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Egyptian comic book harks back to golden age

Egyptian comic book harks back to golden age | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Launched in January a week before the revolution, the comic book TokTok takes its name from the cheap, three-wheeled motorised rickshaws that have become pervasive on Egyptian streets.

TokTok, which launched its first issue on January 9, has quickly gained fans throughout Egypt's two largest cities. The creators originally published a mere 500 copies of the book, which sold out within two hours at the launch party. Now, with 1,500 copies of each edition printed, the magazine's popularity reveals a thirst among Egypt's young adults for relatable comics. In many ways TokTok is distinctly Egyptian. The dialogue often uses colloquial dialects and localised cultural references. A few of the strips truly capture a sense of place in Cairo's chaotic streets - such as a comic featuring a pavement billboard whose racy ad of an attractive woman has been markered over by a passing bystander, or a tyre hung from a tree branch as mechanics smoke and harass a passing woman." (Megan Detrie)

 

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Human rights in post-Mubarak Egypt : the jury is still out

Human rights in post-Mubarak Egypt : the jury is still out | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"By the end of Mubarak’s rule, the use of torture in Egypt had become a practiced art. Europe and the United States even sent their own prisoners to be serviced in Egyptian prisons under programmes of extraordinary rendition.

But torture and police brutality were not the only black spots of the Mubarak regime. As a brutal dictator, he deprived the Egyptians of many of their basic rights, including the right to express themselves, the right to become politically active and the right for workers to make a decent living.

Now, seven months since his ousting and with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) ruling the country, many are asking, has the human rights situation in Egypt changed?By the end of Mubarak’s rule, the use of torture in Egypt had become a practiced art. Europe and the United States even sent their own prisoners to be serviced in Egyptian prisons under programmes of extraordinary rendition.

But torture and police brutality were not the only black spots of the Mubarak regime. As a brutal dictator, he deprived the Egyptians of many of their basic rights, including the right to express themselves, the right to become politically active and the right for workers to make a decent living.

Now, seven months since his ousting and with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) ruling the country, many are asking, has the human rights situation in Egypt changed ?" (Yasmine Fathi)

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ثوار الآثار تنظم وقفة إحتجاجية أمام الوزراء الأحد لعرض مطالبهم

ثوار الآثار تنظم وقفة إحتجاجية أمام الوزراء الأحد لعرض مطالبهم | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Nouvelle manifestation des archéologues égyptiens organisée ce dimanche 25 septembre 2011.

Au nombre de leurs revendications : un meilleur statut professionnel et le rétablissement d'un ministère des Antiquités.

Les archéologues contestataires proposent que soit nommé au poste de ministre des Antiquités le Dr. 'Abd al-Halîm Nour al-Dîn, actuel président de l'Union internationale des musées.

 

 

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Egypt's archeologists threatening strike if demands not met

Egypt's archeologists threatening strike if demands not met | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Protesting archeology workers threatened to begin into work and hunger strikes, close all archeological sites, and steal monuments from museums and stores if their demands are not met.

Protestors are continuing their sit-in, which began Sunday, calling for the official appointment 12,000 workers in Supreme Council of the Antiquities." (Dina Abdel Alem)

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Emily Teeter :"Religion and Ritual in Ancient Egypt"

Emily Teeter :"Religion and Ritual in Ancient Egypt" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

This book is a vivid reconstruction of the practical aspects of ancient Egyptian religion. Through an examination of artefacts and inscriptions, the text explores a variety of issues. For example, who was allowed to enter the temples, and what rituals were performed therein ? Who served as priests? How were they organized and trained, and what did they do? What was the Egyptians' attitude toward death, and what happened at funerals? How did the living and dead communicate ? In what ways could people communicate with the gods ? What impact did religion have on the economy and longevity of the society ? This book demystifies Egyptian religion, exploring what it meant to the people and society. The text is richly illustrated with images of rituals and religious objects.

Contents : Introduction; 1. The Egyptian mind; 2. Priests; 3. Inside the temple: the world of the gods; 4. Festivals; 5. Contacting the gods; 6. The presence of the gods: how gods communicated with men; 7. Death and funeral rites; 8. Communicating with the dead; 9. Magic to charm and to kill; 10. The Amarna Period: practical aspects of 'monotheism'; Afterword: an appraisal of Egyptian religion.

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Egypt's revolution has reached its universities

Egypt's revolution has reached its universities | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The demands are as simple as they are clear. All those currently occupying top university posts, mostly members of the now dissolved National Democratic party, should be removed from their posts and fair elections held to replace them.

A new salary scale should also be implemented. The huge income disparities between faculty and top positions are no longer acceptable." (Amira Nowaira)

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العاملون بالآثار: اعتصامنا مستمر لحين اتخاذ المجلس خطوات عملية

العاملون بالآثار: اعتصامنا مستمر لحين اتخاذ المجلس خطوات عملية | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les employés des Antiquités égyptiennes sont déterminés à poursuivre leur contestation tant que des mesures "pratiques" n'auront pas été prises par le ministère du Budget pour l'amélioration de leurs conditions de travail.

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Comedian Sobhi on a humanitarian mission in west

Comedian Sobhi on a humanitarian mission in west | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Aiming at rebuilding Egypt, Egyptian actor Mohamed Sobhi will go on a- month-long mission, touring USA under his cause "A Billion Egyptian Pounds" Campaign as of Monday 26 September.

"A Billion Egyptian Pound" Campaign is to eradicate the slum districts of Egypt. Sobhi is to meet up with the Egyptian immigrants in USA and Europe to help support and fund his project, stressing that his new project is a civil act following the January 25 Revolution.

During his tours, Sobhi aims at building a bridge of communication between Egyptians living abroad and their homeland."

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58% of Egyptians reject president of another religion

58% of Egyptians reject president of another religion | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"A survey by the cabinet’s Information and Decision Support Center, published on Sunday, revealed that 58 percent of the sample said they would not vote for a president of a different religion than their own, while 36 percent said they would.

But the survey said that 60 percent said they would consider voting for candidates of a different religion in parliamentary elections, and 37 percent saying they would not." (Amira Saleh)

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Nouvel enjeu en Égypte : Etat islamique contre Etat civil

Nouvel enjeu en Égypte : Etat islamique contre Etat civil | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Dans son intervention à la clôture de la première journée du colloque sur les révolutions arabes, la sociologue Sandrine Gamblin a dessiné la nouvelle carte des forces politiques dans l’Egypte post-Moubarak, résultat, selon elle, d’une dynamique qui ne s’arrête pas, en dépit d’un essoufflement certain."

(photo : Sandrine Gamblin et Sarah Ben Néfissa)

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A snapshot of post-revolution Alexandria in 'Standbild'

A snapshot of post-revolution Alexandria in 'Standbild' | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Does an individual reflect the image of a society? Or does the society dictate the image of a person? Does theater set the stage for a performance? Or do performers dictate the mood of the show?

These are just a few of the questions that German production and directing duo Stefanie Lorey and Bjorn Oovtraj pose in their exciting experiment in interactive theater titled, “Standbild” (Freeze-Frame).

“Standbild,” which debuted last Thursday in Alexandria’s Jesuit Culture Center sought out 30 local Alexandrians of all ages from all walks of life for an improvised performance, presenting an intriguing collage of experiences exploring the various societal effects of democratization." (Maha El-Nabawi)

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Raymond Stock :"What Is Egypt’s Revolution Really All About ?"

Raymond Stock :"What Is Egypt’s Revolution Really All About ?" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Signs point to the creation of a government even more repressive than the previous one.

The stirring, iconic scenes of courage and national unity, sacrifice and magnanimity, have long since faded, like a discarded bouquet of lotus and jasmine."

Raymond Stock lived in Cairo for 20 years before being deported in December 2010, apparently due to his 2009 article criticizing then-Culture Minister Farouk Hosni’s bid to head UNESCO. He has translated stories by many Arab writers, including seven books by Naguib Mahfouz, whose biography he is writing.

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Egypte : 35% des Egyptiens soutiennent les Frères musulmans

Egypte : 35% des Egyptiens soutiennent les Frères musulmans | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"rente-cinq pour cent des Egyptiens disent soutenir la confrérie islamiste des Frères musulmans et 58% n'éliraient pas un président de confession différente, révèle un sondage publié dimanche par l'agence officielle Mena.

Le sondage a été réalisé par le Centre d'information et de soutien à la prise de décisions (IDSC), qui dépend du conseil des ministres." (L'Express, par AFP)

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Egypt : Sharp decline in freedom of opinion and expression

Egypt : Sharp decline in freedom of opinion and expression | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

ANHRI (the Arabic Network For Human Rights Information) condemns the return of the repressive practices of the former Egyptian regime following the revolution, in a worrying development of the decline of media and press freedoms. These practices followed declaring the ongoing validity of the emergency law by the Military Council, on the basis of the dissolved People’s Assembly decision in 2010, as well as adding new competencies to it such as “publishing false news”.

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NGO report: 93,000 Copts left Egypt since March

NGO report: 93,000 Copts left Egypt since March | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Nearly 93,000 Coptic Christians have left Egypt since 19 March, a report by an Egypt-based Coptic NGO has said.

The number may increase to 250,000 by the end of 2011, according to Naguib Gabriel, the head of the Egyptian Federation of Human Rights, which released the report.

The current trend of Coptic immigration endangers the structure of Egypt's population, Gabriel told Al-Masry Al-Youm on Sunday. He urged the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) and the Egyptian cabinet to work on curbing the phenomenon.

Gabriel based the data stated in the report on information from Coptic churches and communities abroad." (Emad Khalil)

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French citizen denied entry into Egypt is an AUC researcher not journalist

According to sources at American University in Cairo (AUC) who spoke in condition of anonymity, the French Marie Edmee Josette Duboc who has been denied entry at Cairo airport on Saturday is an academic and not a journalist as has been previously reported by several media sources.

Duboc is a new hire at AUC's Sociology unit.

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Christian E. Loeben :"Die Ägypten-Sammlung des Museum August Kestner und ihre (Kriegs-)Verluste"

Christian E. Loeben :"Die Ägypten-Sammlung des Museum August Kestner und ihre (Kriegs-)Verluste" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Als 1889 das Haus am Friedrichswall als erstes Museum der Stadt Hannover eröffnete, konnten knapp 1.000 altägyptische Objekte, meist aus Beständen August Kestners [1777-1853], gezeigt werden, damals die größte deutsche Sammlung nach Berlin. 1935 kamen 1.500 Stücke aus der Privatsammlung Friedrich Wilhelm von Bissings [1873-1956] hinzu, die sofort auf Glasnegativen dokumentiert wurden, die im Photoarchiv des Museums erhalten sind. Im Zweiten Weltkrieg kamen an den Auslagerungsorten der Museumsbestände, z.B. dem Salzbergwerk Grasleben, ca. 740 Objekte abhanden. Dieser mit 620 Photos illustrierte Verlustkatalog ist der erste seiner Art in Hannover im allgemeinen und im Museum August Kestner im besonderen sowie aller ägyptischen Sammlungen Deutschlands. Er dient vielfältigen Zwecken von der Sicherstellung der wissenschaftlichen Auswertbarkeit der Funde, der Bekanntmachung der Verluste in der Hoffnung auf Wiederentdeckungen, der Erschließung der Sammlungsgeschichte, der Provenienzforschung zum Nachweis des rechtmäßigen Erwerbs, vor allem im Dritten Reich, bis zu einem Begleitband einer Sonderausstellung vom 20.7.-7.11.2011.

Rahden/Westf., 2011, 320 p.

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