Égypt-actus
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Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Arab Spring and the Middle East: 2012 preview

Arab Spring and the Middle East: 2012 preview | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"If any year showed the difficulty of making predictions in the Middle East, it was 2011. (...)

It will take more than a year for Egypt to be cleansed of the poisons which festered under his long reign - grinding poverty, sectarianism, Islamist fanaticism, and police brutality.

The Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party look certain to win the country's convoluted election, and secularists, Christians and the western world are hoping that it forms a coalition with some of the more liberal parties. That will not end the continuing conflict with the army, which is determined to cling on to its power and its privileges.

More worrying is that no coalition would be able to bring the economic relief that Egypt desperately needs, and the Salafis and other radicals, who do not even have a coherent economic policy, will be the most obvious beneficiaries of the resulting disillusion." (Richard Spencer/The Telegraph)

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“We must put Egypt into the Intensive Care Unit” (Egyptian actor Nabil El-Halafawy)

“We must put Egypt into the Intensive Care Unit” (Egyptian actor Nabil El-Halafawy) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Following the recent brutal attacks by the Egyptian armed forces on peaceful protesters in Tahrir Square and neighbouring streets on 19 December, Egyptian actor Nabil El-Halafawy announced an initiative aimed at solving the political crisis. He spread his ideas on Twitter for others to read, adjust and criticise.

“I hope my proposal gets adopted by authorities and political powers,” he says. “Right after the ousting of former president Mubarak, on 11 February, we as Egyptians wanted to save Egypt,” Halafawy describes. “Unfortunately, today we eagerly must put Egypt into the Intensive Care Unit, but unity is a must among us, in order to do so,” he says.

Halafawy expects the violence to continue to reoccur and says: “Although the incidents today are handled, they will occur again and again; it will be beyond control and Egypt will burn out completely. Therefore it is time to grant every political force in Egypt its needs.” By political forces Halafawy means the public and protestors, the Muslim Brotherhood, remnants of the Mubarak regime, army forces, and police forces.

In his initiative, Halafawy addresses the Muslim Brotherhood first. He suggests that the Brotherhood continue with the parliamentary elections process, which they are winning by majority. Their political party, the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), should then be assigned the task of forming of a new government and working with an elected president who does not belong to any religious movement or group; taking into account that the reason behind the Brotherhood’s popularity is because of their social services and not religion.

Here, their commitment should be to the chronic problems of the nation and achieving the goals the people of the revolution rose for: bread, freedom and social justice, “not to lead the nation into endless and much more dangerous battles — I mean religious differences,” he said." (Farah Montasser/Ahram Online)

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Egypt general says Geneva Conventions give army right to shoot protesters

Egypt general says Geneva Conventions give army right to shoot protesters | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Egyptian military advisor Abdel Moneim Kato said that the Geneva Conventions give the Egyptian military the right to shoot protesters and that the armed forces has tolerated the “intolerable acts from the protesters.”In an interview with Asharq al-Awsat newspaper on Thursday, Kato said the “Tahrir Girl,” made famous after her image of being beaten and stripped to her bra made headlines around the world and drew criticism towards the country’s military ruling council, was attacked by soldiers in a justified manner.

He said the girl had a “megaphone” and she was “insulting the troops with it” and when she was approached by officers and soldiers who came to arrest her, she resisted.

“The soldiers toppled her down to control her,” Kato said.

“How do we capture a criminal? Do we beg him to get arrested? The forces have to paralyze his movement,” he added.

Kato, who is known for his fiery statements recently, when he told reporters last week about how the protesters should be burned in “Hitler’s ovens” and yet again he has been criticized heavily.

The retired army general and now advisor to the ruling military junta, added that the armed forces “tolerated too much from the protesters” and refused to reveal how many injuries or deaths of troops, saying it is a “military secret.” (Manar Ammar/Bikya Masr)

 

Complément d'information :"Egypt's SCAF 'clarifies' ex-officer's Hitler remarks" (ahram online)

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/30017/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-SCAF-clarifies-exofficers-Hitler-remarks.aspx

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UNICEF calls on Egypt to protect children from violence

UNICEF calls on Egypt to protect children from violence | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The United Nations Children 's Fund (UNICEF) on Thursday called on Egyptian authorities and all parties involved to protect children from violence due to demonstrations as the number of children impacted have reached " alarming levels.""UNICEF calls on the Egyptian authorities, the security forces and other parties involved in demonstrations and violence in Cairo to protect children," Philippe Duamelle, UNICEF Representative in the country, said in a statement released by the UN agency.

According to the Ministry of Health, 15 people have already died and more than 800 were injured in clashes between security forces and protesters in Cairo last week. Egyptian child rights organizations have reported that at least two children died, tens were injured, and 69 were put in detention in the same period.

"In the last six days, the numbers of killed, injured and detained children have reached alarming levels," said Duamelle.

Duamelle called on authorities to protect children in accordance with Egyptian and international human rights law to prevent children from falling victim to violence or unnecessarily witnessing acts of violence." (sina.com)

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"Kmt, A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt", vol. 22, no. 4 (Winter 2011-12)

"Kmt, A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt", vol. 22, no. 4 (Winter 2011-12) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Includes five feature articles :

 

- “The Third Intermediate Period at Karnak” by Aidan Dodson

- “Four Ancient Egyptian Papyri in the Collection of the Russian National Library” by Victor V. Solkin

- “Ancient Egypt in Avignon, France: The Egyptian Collection of the Calvet Museum

& the Exhibition ‘Fantastic Egypt’” by Lucy Gordan-Rastelli

- “Egyptianized Richmond, Virginia” by Kenneth Ostrand

- “Egyptomania on the James: The Egyptian Collection of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts & the Exhibition ‘Mummy: Secrets of the Tomb’” by Peter J. Schertz

 

Click to order : http://www.kmtjournal.com/image/subscribe.pdf

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Since Egypt became a State Army

Since Egypt became a State Army | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The Egyptian army has symbolic powers, historical, political and economic powers with an unusual reach, became the backbone of the country in a state within a state and in a group of major economic powers in the world. Egypt is in fact a State Army. Among industries, banking, tourism, agriculture, new technologies and building stock, the Egyptian army controls 25% of the GDP of the country. (...)

Last January, in open revolt in Tahrir Square, the army was hailed as a hero by protesters because of their deceptive position of neutrality during the fall of the Mubarak dictatorship. Ten months later, things have changed and it is the army, particularly the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, who run the country since last February, which is the object of repudiation of the population.

The military passed through the Revolution, but was not spared the transition: their efforts to conserve power and gigantic economic treasure had cornered the armed forces in a fatal contradiction. (...)

In short, besides being a political actor in the foreground, the military is an inevitable economic partner. Everything seems to indicate that they are willing to leave political power and organize a transition, but without giving up the management of their immense riches and thus lose historical privileges." (Edward Febbro/pravda)

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In provinces, Egyptians focus on vote not protests

"In the provinces, where the chants in Cairos Tahrir Square against the army are too distant to be heard, Egyptians say that holding their rulers to account should be done via the ballot box and not the street.

Before this weeks latest round of voting in the staggered parliamentary election, protesters in Cairo battled with soldiers and troops. Women were stamped on, men were beaten while slumped on the ground and gunshots rang out.

The violence that killed 17 people subsided just in time for runoff votes in the six-week election that began last month and runs until early January. Voting was on Wednesday and Thursday.

Egyptians across the country of 80 million people have watched the tumult on television, many horrified by the security crackdown, but in rural Egypt and provincial towns the sense of tension is much less acute.

"Elections are the most important thing. We must choose someone and then we can hold them responsible and they would be accountable," said Nasser Mohamed, 45, who was ploughing his land in the Nile Delta province of Sharqiya, north of Cairo.

"This is not the time for protests. We are like a very ill man that can barely walk but is forced to carry a heavy box." (Egypt.com)

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Egypt’s Premier Assails Protesters and Cites Economic Damage

Egypt’s Premier Assails Protesters and Cites Economic Damage | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Mr. Ganzouri’s news conference appeared to be part of an escalating propaganda war over the violence. Some activists believe that the public has grown increasingly impatient with them, in part because many Egyptians remain unaware of the scale of the crackdown and in part because they long for stability. Mr. Ganzouri said he regretted any loss of life, but he placed blame for the clashes exclusively on the protesters, who he said had danced as they set a historic archive on fire.

He warned that over the past few months, $9 billion in investments had been withdrawn from Egypt’s teetering economy. And he complained that foreign donors — including the Group of 8 industrialized nations — had failed to deliver on pledges of billions of dollars in financial aid to support Egypt’s revolution." (David D. Kirkpatrick/The New York Times)

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Egypt’s most influential women of 2011

Egypt’s most influential women of 2011 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Mona Seif : founding and active member of the No Military Trials for Civilians, which brought the cause to public attention by campaigning nonstop.

 

Sameera Ibrahim : one of these girls who the officers pulled down her pants to make sure that she was a virgin.

 

Tahrir girl : a nameless hero of Egypt. She was beaten down on Friday December 18. She laid on the pavement while four soldiers abused her and hit her with batons.

 

Mama Khadiga : the “mother of the square,” this elderly woman is there whenever a protest or a sit-in is in progress.

 

Asmaa Mahfouz : a founding member of April 6 Youth Movement and possibly the most recognized female protester in the country, Mahfouz was also brought to the dark side of post-revolution Egypt.

 

Botheina Kamel : politician protester, presidential candidate.

 

Nawarah Negm : now writing a daily column for Tahrir newspaper, where she heavily and directly criticizes the ruling military council for their actions and calls them out on it, with a sarcastic tone.

 

Sally Zahran : the first female martyr in the 18 days of uprising last January.

 

Khaled Said’s mother : Khaled Said, the young man murdered by the hands of police in Alexandria in June 2010 was one of the most important forces behind the early 2011 uprising.

 

Reem Maged : the female face for ON TV, Egypt’s best and arguably most vocal in delivering the true happenings to the country on a nightly basis.

 

(Manar Ammar/Bikya Masr)

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"Honte au Conseil suprême des Forces armées!"

"Honte au Conseil suprême des Forces armées!" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Photo diffusée sur Facebook (mur de Mohammed Abd El Hai).

La tenue de cette personne  fait évidemment référence à la jeune femme qui a été tabassée par les forces de police et dont la photo a été très abondamment diffusée dans la presse.

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Dans une déclaration très ferme, le comité des intellectuels et écrivains égyptiens demande au Conseil militaire de laisser le pouvoir

Dans une déclaration très ferme, le comité des intellectuels et écrivains égyptiens demande au Conseil militaire de laisser le pouvoir | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Cette déclaration a été faite dans le cadre de la célébration du centenaire de la naissance de Naguib Mahfouz.

Les intellectuels et écrivains égyptiens rappellent par ailleurs l'existence du droit de manifester pacifiquement, comme moyen légal pour exprimer son opinion et défendre ses droits.

أصدر أدباء وكتاب مصر بيانا شديد اللهجة للمجلس العسكرى أكدوا فيه على حق التظاهر والاعتصام السلميين كوسيلة مشروعة للتعبير عن الرأى والدفاع عن الحقوق.

جاء ذلك خلال الاحتفال بمرور مائة عام على ميلاد الأديب العالمى نجيب محفوظ كما رفض البيان كافة أشكال القمع والعنف التى تمارس ضد المتظاهرين والمعتصمين السلميين من قبل أجهزة الدولة ورفض التشويه الإعلامى للثوار وثورة 25 يناير ورموزها وأدان البيان بشدة التعدى على المتظاهرات من بنات مصر وانتهاك حرمة أعراضهن على مرأى ومسمع من العالم، ورفض أيضا البيان إقحام المثقفين واتهامهم بالتحريض والمشاركة فى أعمال العنف والبلطجة.

(Youm7)

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Organs stolen from Darfur refugees in Egypt, says the International Organization for Immigration

Organs stolen from Darfur refugees in Egypt, says the International Organization for Immigration | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Organs have been stolen from some 57 Darfur refugees in Egypt, according to Mohamed al-Basha, regional manager of the International Organization for Immigration (IOM).

“There are 1000 refugees that pass through Egypt to go to Israel,” Basha said. “More than 20 percent of them have their organs stolen or are sexually harassed.

Assistant Health Minister Abdel Hamid Abaza admitted that 1500 illegal organ transfer operations are conducted in Egypt every year, mostly involving poor Egyptians who sell their organs for money.

“But 80 percent of the unlicensed centers that do these operations were closed down after the human organs law was issued,” he said." (Yomna Mokhtar/Egypt independent)

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La révolution graphique égyptienne

La révolution graphique égyptienne | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Source de nombreux reportages photographiques, la créativité de la révolution égyptienne – souvent marquée par cet humour national qui reste, aux yeux de bien des Arabes, une spécialité locale – a fait de la ville son théâtre, avec la place Tahrir pour scène centrale. Les militants ont pris possession de l’espace urbain, au sens propre du terme, en inscrivant leurs slogans et leurs images sur les murs des lieux publics. (...)

Il s’agit bien d’une lutte de terrain, avec des créateurs militants qui s’organisent en commandos, en général nocturnes, pour installer leur production dans des endroits retenus pour leur caractère stratégique : un lieu particulièrement passant bien entendu, mais également un endroit marquant les limites du territoire “sous contrôle” de l’insurrection. De leur côté, les forces “du maintien de l’ordre” comme on les appelle en français décident ou non de fermer les yeux, en fonction de la situation. (...)

Comment transformer la révolte virtuelle – à la fois “potentielle” et “numérique” – en soulèvement populaire ? Les interventions graphiques qui ont accompagné la révolution égyptienne apportent leur réponse à cette question centrale pour les mouvements oppositionnels en donnant un exemple de la manière dont les virtualités des flux numériques peuvent prendre corps dans la réalité physique de l’espace urbain, sur le concrete (béton) des murs du Caire !" (Publié sur le blog d’Yves Gonzalez-Quijano, Cultures et politiques arabes)

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Les coptes en Egypte avant et après le 25/01/2011

Les coptes en Egypte avant et après le 25/01/2011 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

" À travers leur histoire, [les Coptes] ont subi des persécutions diverses et variées. Pourtant, ils résistent encore et toujours. Ils n’ont jamais arrêté de contribuer au développement culturel, théologique, philosophique, liturgique et scientifique de l’Égypte. (...)

Le rôle de l’Arabie Saoudite est essentiel dans la volonté d’empêcher l’instauration d’un État laïc en Égypte. Elle continue de financer les mouvements des Frères musulmans et des Salafistes afin qu’ils accomplissent le plan initial de la conférence islamique de Jeddah en 1955. Tout ce qui s’est fait et se fera contre les Coptes ne peut se comprendre que dans cette perspective. Tout a été prévu et organisé. L’Égypte va traverser une longue période d’instabilité, souhaitée par des forces intérieures et régionales.
Quel sera le rôle de l’Occident pour la protection des droits à la liberté et à l’existence des chrétiens d’Orient, en général, et des Coptes en particulier ?" (Sobhy Gress/Enjeux de l'Etude du Christianisme des Origines)

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The Despair of Egypt

The Despair of Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The state of the revolution in Egypt is today, for me and probably many others watching it closely, cause for rage and despair. The case for despair is obvious: the dumb, brute hydra of a regime has dialed up its violent answer to the popular request for justice and accountability, and has expanded its power. The matter of rage is more complicated: in Egypt, Tunisia, and other Arab countries, it was righteous anger -- forcefully but strategically deployed -- that brought fearsome police states to their knees. The outrages of Egypt's regime are still on shameless display. The only question is whether the fury they provoke will make a difference. (...)

There are few plausible explanations for the recent spasms of violence against nonviolent demonstrators. It's hard to imagine why state security attacks civilians during periods of calm, sparking new protests and reinvigorating the revolutionary movement. Perhaps the military has a strategy designed to discredit protesters and revolutionary youth, allowing or even engineering street violence which they can then use in the state media to portray activists as hooligans. Or, perhaps, the police and common soldiers have developed such an intense hatred for the demonstrators -- who let us remember, succeeded at putting the security establishment on the defensive for the first time in 60 years -- that whenever they confront a protest their tempers flare and they lash out.

There's also a theory that the police, and even some parts of the army, are simply in mutiny, disregarding the SCAF's orders. Some believe that the SCAF genuinely believes that all protesters are saboteurs, foreign agents, and traitors out to gut the Egyptian state. Some also suggest that the SCAF is simply incompetent, and that each sordid episode of protest, massacre, political agreement, and betrayal is an act in a bumbling melodrama starring a cast of senescent, befuddled generals, most of whom lived their glory days in military study abroad programs in Brezhnev's Moscow." (Thanassis Cambanis/The Atlantic)

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Interview de Nagueh, guide accompagnateur en Egypte

Interview de Nagueh, guide accompagnateur en Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Parmi les nombreux voyages proposés par clubaventure en Egypte, je vous conseille de vous rendre dans des régions très peu connues : exploration du Lac Nasser et le Sinai ; montagnes bibliques et mer Rouge . Deux régions qui restent encore sauvages et authentiques.
Autre région très conseillée pour cet hiver et surtout pour ceux qui sont à la recherche d’une ambiance saharienne, je vous propose de randonner dans la région de Siwa et dans des étendues calcaires aux formes les plus surprenantes, dans le désert Blanc. Pour ceux qui veulent vivre le plus saharien de nos voyages, nous vous proposons Trek en grande mer de sable, comme on prend la mer qui permet de découvrir plus en profondeur les grandes dunes et les environs de Siwa. C’est la plus grande étendue de dunes du pays : on passe deux ou trois jours dans la plus belle partie. On reste vraiment bouche bée devant ces paysages. Une des plus grandes envies de nos clients amoureux du désert est de dormir à la belle étoile : il suffit alors de choisir un coin de dune pour poser son matelas et profiter du ciel étoilé.
Un moment vraiment agréable, un petit plaisir en plus.

L’Égypte est la destination idéale pour l’hiver. Quelles que soient vos envies, vous pourrez profiter d’un climat modéré toute l’année tout en découvrant toutes les richesse archéologiques de l’Egypte Antique.
C’est d’autant plus la bonne période qu'actuellement nous visitons les temples sans la foule habituelle.
Il est vrai que le flux de touristes a diminué ces derniers temps et cela vous permet de profiter de chaque instant tout près de ces fabuleux monuments : les temples de Louxor, d’Abou Simbel , de Philae…" (club aventure)

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Egypte : Les sites touristiques sont sans danger

Egypte : Les sites touristiques sont sans danger | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"L’Egypte est en plein processus électoral, qui doit déboucher sur l’avènement de la démocratie. Le chemin semble long et difficile.

Des affrontements ont eu lieu récemment en Égypte, et le ministère des Affaires Étrangère a tenu à rappeler ses conseils de prudence à toutes les personnes désireuses de se rendre dans ce pays. (...)

Le Quai d’Orsay a publié l’avis suivant sur son site officiel, toujours valide ce 23 décembre :
« L’Egypte vit une transition politique tendue, sur fond d’incertitudes économiques et de montée d’une délinquance de forme nouvelle. Les élections législatives (Assemblée du Peuple) prévues du 28 novembre 2011 au 10 janvier 2012 se déroulent, à ce stade, dans le calme. Les manifestations, fréquentes dans les grandes villes, peuvent toutefois dégénérer, comme en témoignent les graves événements qui se sont déroulés Place Tahrir au Caire du 19 au 27 novembre et du 15 au 18 décembre 2011. Dès lors, la prudence reste de mise et il faut impérativement se tenir éloigné des rassemblements, tout particulièrement des réunions et cortèges électoraux.
Les séjours dans les grands centres touristiques ne posent pas de problème. La Mer Rouge connaît une situation normale, y compris les stations balnéaires du Sinaï (Charm el Cheikh, Dahab, Taba), de même que les villes de Louxor et d’Assouan. Il n’y a pas d’objection à s’y rendre par avion. Dans tous les cas, une vigilance renforcée s’impose.
Les excursions dans les oasis et le désert ne doivent pas être entreprises de manière isolée mais encadrée par des structures de voyage professionnelles, en lien avec les autorités. Les déplacements non-professionnels sont à prohiber dans le Nord-Sinaï, théâtre de troubles récurrents ; et dans les zones frontalières avec la Libye, dans le contexte actuel.
Compte tenu des récents incidents, la prudence conduit à déconseiller formellement tout déplacement en Moyenne Egypte.
S’agissant des déplacements routiers dans le Delta, une vigilance particulière est de mise. » (Simply Voyage)

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La « résurrection » d'un masque égyptien

La « résurrection » d'un masque égyptien | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Après 30 ans de mise en réserve, le seul masque de sarcophage-égyptien conservé en Guadeloupe, va pouvoir reprendre vie. Fraîchement restauré, il sera exposé au musée Schoelcher, à Pointe-à-Pitre, dans quelques semaines, début 2012. Ce masque fait partie de la collection de Victor Schoelcher. L'abolitionniste l'aurait acheté en 1845 à des pillards dans la vallée des nobles, dans la ville de Louxor, en Égypte. À cette époque de nombreux tombeaux étaient régulièrement éventrés par des voleurs à la recherche d'or et d'objets précieux. Ils n'hésitaient pas à scier des morceaux de sarcophages pour les revendre, d'où l'achat par Victor Schoelcher d'une partie seulement du tombeau. Cet objet de collection a été conservé à Paris jusqu'en 1883 avant d'être offert à la Guadeloupe." (France-Antilles)

http://www.aux-antilles.fr/guadeloupe/art-culture/info-musee-schoelcher-906.htm

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"Al Moukhtarat" n° 73 - décembre 2011

"Al Moukhtarat" n° 73 - décembre 2011 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 Revue éditée par l'Institut du Monde Arabe (Paris)

 

"Ce numéro d’al-Moukhtarat rend hommage au grand écrivain Naguib Mahfouz, né il y a tout juste cent ans. Nous avons choisi d’explorer, à travers le dossier culturel, le monde qui, de son propre aveu, n’a pas cessé de l’inspirer et de porter le destin de nombre de ses personnages. La Hâra, le « quartier » populaire, est cet espace où évoluent des figures de l’Egypte populaire que Mahfouz a rendu éternelles. Sont présentées parmi elles, celles qui incarnent le pouvoir : le père, au sein de la famille, le m’allim, personnalité influente dans le quartier, et le futuwwa, chef de bande y régnant par la force."

http://www.imarabe.org/revue-mokhtarat/al-moukhtarat-73?sec=presentation#

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American Drugs in Egyptian Mummies

"The recent findings of cocaine, nicotine, and hashish in Egyptian mummies by Balabanova et. al. have been criticized on grounds that: contamination of the mummies may have occurred, improper techniques may have been used, chemical decomposition may have produced the compounds in question, recent mummies of drug users were mistakenly evaluated, that no similar cases are known of such compounds in long-dead bodies, and especially that pre-Columbian transoceanic voyages are highly speculative. These criticisms are each discussed in turn. Balabanova et. al. are shown to have used and confirmed their findings with accepted methods. The possibility of the compounds being byproducts of decomposition is shown to be without precedent and highly unlikely. The possibility that the researchers made evaluations from faked mummies of recent drug users is shown to be highly unlikely in almost all cases. Several additional cases of identified American drugs in mummies are discussed. Additionally, it is shown that significant evidence exists for contact with the Americas in pre-Columbian times. It is determined that the original findings are supported by substantial evidence despite the initial criticisms." (S.A. Wells)

 

Thanks to Keith Payne for this link

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Le Figaro rembobine 2011 : le printemps arabe

Le service étranger du Figaro retient de l'année 2011 un fait majeur : les bouleversements dans le monde arabe, qui ont conduit aux victoires électorales des partis islamiques. Renaud Girard, grand reporter au Figaro, revient sur la portée de ces extraordinaires événements.
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EGYPTE. Pourquoi l'armée cède-t-elle à la violence ?

EGYPTE. Pourquoi l'armée cède-t-elle à la violence ? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"L'armée en Egypte est plus qu'une institution. C'est une corporation très privilégiée, très présente dans le secteur économique notamment dont elle détient près de 30%. Son rôle dans la société est rarement critiqué. De Nasser à Hosni Moubarak, tous les présidents égyptiens furent des officiers.

Avec les élections législatives post-électorales, devinant la percée des partis islamistes, les militaires ont sans doute craint pour leurs privilèges et ont préféré assurer leurs arrières. "L'enjeu des élections législatives pour les militaires est de pouvoir quitter le pouvoir en ayant leurs statuts préservés", expliquait le directeur de recherche, spécialiste de l'Egypte, au CNRS, Jean-Noël Ferrié. Dans le même temps, l'armée assure être la garante de la transition démocratique, comme un double discours pour rester maître des changements éventuels. "La priorité pour l'armée c'est de rétablir l'ordre et de trouver un accord avec les Frères musulmans pour bénéficier d'une position privilégiée, pas nécessairement politiquement. Surtout elle veut éviter les chasses aux sorcières", analyse Jean-Noël Ferrié." (Sarah Diffalah/Le Nouvel Observateur)

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Brotherhood calls on youth to give SCAF and Prime Minister a chance

Brotherhood calls on youth to give SCAF and Prime Minister a chance | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Egypt's youth should give the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) and Prime Minister Kamal al-Ganzouri a chance to successfully manage the second round of parliamentary elections, said Mohamed Badie, the head of the Muslim Brotherhood’s Guidance Bureau, on Thursday

Badie said the Islamist group will not take part in Friday’s demonstrations against the army’s attacks on females.

The SCAF is serious in peacefully managing the transition period, said Badie after he cast his vote, adding that it had proved its good will in facilitating a democratic handover of power by appointing 23 January as the first session of the People’s Assembly, Egypt’s lower house of parliament." (al-Masry al-Youm)

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Women’s Political and Civil Rights in Egypt

Women’s Political and Civil Rights in Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"I note with great concern the reports of direct attacks in the past few days on women, individually and collectively, for exercising their political and civil rights to public assembly and expression. Women along with men and children have been victims of the excessive use of force against peaceful protesters over this past weekend and this week. Thousands of women have assembled on the streets of Cairo and in Tahrir Square on Tuesday night to assert their right to democratic participation in their country’s future.

We call upon the political and military authorities in Egypt to guarantee women’s political and civil rights, and to offer the government support in ensuring these rights are respected. UN Women has consistently noted the crucial role that women in Egypt have played in its profound democratic revolution. Women from civil society have been one of the primary engines driving the social movement for political opening, public participation in decision-making, and an approach to citizenship that embraces inclusiveness and respect for individual human rights.

The upcoming constitutional revision process provides a unique opportunity to engage the widest possible cross-section of Egyptian society in re-visioning the future of the country. We know that women are ready and eager to engage in this process. We call upon the Egyptian authorities to ensure their full protection from violence from any side, and their full freedom to play their essential role in building the new political institutions of Egypt." (Michelle Bachelet Executive Director of UN Women)

 

Présentation et traduction partielle de cette intervention en français :

http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2011/12/22/97001-20111222FILWWW00503-femmeegypte-l-onu-inquiete.php

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Egyptian Scientific Institute evacuated in anticipation of collapse

Egyptian Scientific Institute evacuated in anticipation of collapse | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The committee formed by the minister of culture to save historical manuscripts housed at the Egyptian Scientific Institute, which was set ablaze during violent clashes last Saturday, has ordered the evacuation of the building. The committee gave the order on Thursday, fearing the building may collapse at any moment.

The committee stopped evacuating the books, and consulted a contractor to inspect the building, who confirmed that it was near collapse.

Minister of Antiquities Mohamed Ibrahim said he would announce the cost of restoring the building next week. “Some contractors have offered to restore the building for free,” he said." (Mona Yassin/Egypt independent)

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