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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypte - Où sont les députés non-islamistes?

"Depuis la publication des résultats des élections législatives égyptiennes, l’attention s’est focalisée sur la victoire des Frères musulmans et celle des salafistes que personne n’attendait. Les islamistes ont en effet conquis près des trois quarts des sièges de l’Assemblée du peuple (majliss al Chaab), la chambre basse du Parlement égyptien. (...)

Néanmoins, d’autres partis ont gagné leurs places dans l'Assemblée et auront un rôle à jouer dans le jeu politique des mois à venir. Le parti libéral Al-Wafd (la délégation) décroche la première place des partis laïques avec 41 sièges, suivi du parti social-démocrate égyptien avec 16 sièges. L'alliance «la révolution continue», dans laquelle figure de nombreux jeunes partis créés après la révolution, n’a remporté que 10 sièges. Le Wasat, issu sous la période Moubarak d’une scission avec les Frères musulmans, et qui se considère comme très modéré, 9 sièges.

Enfin, le parti socialiste Al-Karama de Hamdeen Sabahi, et le nouveau Parti al-Hadara, membres de l'Alliance démocratique dirigée par le parti de la Justice et de la Liberté, ont remporté respectivement six et deux sièges." (Slate Afrique)

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L'emblématique place Tahrîr

L'emblématique place Tahrîr | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Point de convergence et de rassemblement des manifestants de l’actuelle Révolution égyptienne, la désormais célébrissime place Tahrîr du Caire a sa propre histoire.
S’il est un mot dont le monde entier aura désormais appris - s’il ne la connaissait déjà - la signification, c’est bien celui de “tahrîr” (masdar du verbe “harrara”, qui signifie “libérer”, “donner la liberté”). Mîdân al-Tahrîr : place de la Libération.
Avant d’entrer ainsi, par la grande porte de l’Histoire, dans l’actualité égyptienne, et plus particulièrement cairote, des douze mois écoulés, cette place fut témoin d’autres pages importantes du passé de l’Égypte.

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Ahmed El Lozy : « Célébration ou deuxième souffle de protestation ? »

Ahmed El Lozy : « Célébration ou deuxième souffle de protestation ? » | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Difficile de ne pas être impressionné par la foule à Tahrir hier. La place fut occupée assez tôt par les festivités qu’organisèrent les Frères musulmans. Ironique quand on se souvient que les islamistes avaient refusé de participer d’une manière officielle à la révolte du 25 janvier 2011. Bien que des individus membres de ces mouvements aient choisi d’y participer et étaient présents pendant la révolte contre Moubarak.

Alors nous voici un an plus tard face aux islamistes qui, vainqueurs des élections législatives, se montrent les plus enthousiastes à l’idée de célébrer la révolution et de gérer les festivités à Tahrir. Pendant ce temps, les autres mouvements politiques se rendent sur place pour exprimer leur mécontentement vis-à-vis du Conseil suprême des forces armées (CSFA). Les révolutionnaires peuvent se vanter de la grande foule présente hier à Tahrir et aux alentours, qui selon certains calculs, dépassent les manifestations contre Moubarak. Néanmoins il ne faut pas oublier que cette foule n’est pas unie et qu’une grande partie était là pour célébrer ou simplement pour jouir de l’atmosphère carnavalesque." (Arte)

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سنة عدت و ثورتنا مستمرة | Our Revolution Continues

سنة عدت و ثورتنا مستمرة | Our Revolution Continues | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
مسيرات ٢٥ يناير ٢٠١٢ في كل شوارع القاهرة. ثورتنا مستمرة The revolution lives on in marches throughout Cairo.
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Egyptian Bloggers: The Revolution Has Just Begun

Egyptian Bloggers: The Revolution Has Just Begun | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"On the first anniversary of the Egyptian revolution, bloggers who played a key role in sparking the uprising argue that their mission is far from accomplished. The only difference now is that thousands of ordinary citizens have joined them in online activism. (...)

The revolution was not a “Facebook revolution” nor were the revolutionaries “twitter kids,” as the regime tried to imply in the first few days. However, there is no doubt that social media websites played a major part in chronicling the revolution, and prior to that, in mobilizing millions to participate in the popular protests.

In the of span of 20 days, bloggers turned into stars on Arab television channels and were the main source of news as the Mubarak regime imposed a media blackout: Hossam el-Hamalawy, Wael Abbas, Nawara Negm, Amr Ezzat, Alaa Abdel Fattah, and Mohammad Jamal are names directly linked to the revolution. Some of these young activists were even nominated for a Nobel Prize, including Wael Ghonim, Asmaa Mahfouz, and Israa Abdel Fattah." (Layal Haddad)

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En Egypte, militaires et islamistes unis contre la révolution

"Un an après le début de la révolution égyptienne, les médias officiels n’ont qu’un souci : faire oublier les révolutionnaires. Les caméras sont braquées sur le Parlement tout juste élu. Il s’agit de nous convaincre que cette élection couronne un processus démocratique irréprochable, en vertu de quoi la légitimité révolutionnaire doit céder le pas à la légalité parlementaire. Bonnes gens, rentrez chez vous ! Oubliez le contexte dans lequel ces élections ont été organisées, un Etat de non droit absolu, l’institution militaire détenant tous les pouvoirs (exécutif, législatif et constitutionnel) et les exerçant arbitrairement, par décrets irrévocables !" (Mahmoud Hussein)

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Egypt bans Americans from leaving as tensions rise

"Egypt banned at least 10 Americans and Europeans from leaving the country, including the son of U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray Lahood, hiking tensions with Washington over a campaign by Egypt's military against groups promoting democracy and human rights.

The United States warned Thursday that the campaign raised concerns about Egypt's transition to democracy and could jeopardize American aid that Egypt's battered economy needs badly after a year of unrest.

The travel ban was part of an Egyptian criminal investigation into foreign-funded democracy organizations after soldiers raided the offices of 10 such groups last month, including those of two American groups.

The investigation is closely intertwined with Egypt's political turmoil since the fall of Hosni Mubarak nearly a year ago. The generals who took power have accused "foreign hands" of being behind protests against their rule and they frequently depict the protesters themselves as receiving foreign funds in a plot to destabilize the country." (Associated Press writer Sarah El Deeb)

 

Cette information en français :

http://www.romandie.com/news/n/_Egypte_plusieurs_membres_d_ONG_americaines_interdits_de_voyager260120122101.asp

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Inauguration, dimanche prochain, par le ministre des Antiquités, du musée national de Suez

Inauguration, dimanche prochain, par le ministre des Antiquités, du musée national de Suez | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

يفتتح الدكتور محمد إبراهيم وزير الآثار واللواء محمد عبد المنعم هاشم محافظ السويس، الأحد القادم متحف السويس القومى للآثار أمام حركة السياحة المحلية والدولية فى احتفالية كبرى؛ وذلك بمناسبة مرور عام على ثورة 25 يناير وتقديرا لمدينة السويس الباسلة التى انطلقت منها الشرارة الأولى للثورة المصرية مدينة البطولة والصمود على مر التاريخ؛ يحضر حفل الافتتاح لفيف من قيادات الآثار والمحافظة.

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Le cinéma français commémore le 25 janvier 2011 avec la présentation de films égyptiens

Le cinéma français commémore le 25 janvier 2011 avec la présentation de films égyptiens | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 أحرصت دور السينما الفرنسية فى العاصمة باريس على مشاركة شعب مصر الاحتفاء بالذكرى الأولى لثورة 25 يناير بعرض مجموعة من الأفلام الوثائقية التى تؤرخ للثورة المصرية التى أبهرت العالم وذلك تحت عنوان "سينما التحرير".

وتحت عنوان "سينما التحرير"..تنظم الجمعية الفرنسية للتضامن مع الثورة المصرية هذا المهرجان السينمائى اعتبارا من الخميس وحتى 17 فبراير المقبل بالتعاون مع جمعية السينما الأورو-عربية و"جمعية سينماتك" الفرنسيتين.

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Artists in the revolution

Artists in the revolution | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Filmmakers, actors and artists participated prominently in Egypt's revolutionary year. Filmmakers not only took footage of the most brutal clashes, but were also leading members in some revolutionary movements and parties." (Menna Taher)

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Controversy in Egypt over Newly Established 'Religious Police'

Controversy in Egypt over Newly Established 'Religious Police' | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Following the Egyptian revolution, which granted freedom of expression and assembly to many elements – especially to Islamist circles that were suppressed since the Nasserist Free Officers Revolution of July 1952 – a religious police force was recently established in Egypt. Dubbed "The Authority for Commanding Good and Forbidding Evil," similarly to the Saudi religious police, it aims to enforce compliance with Islamic shari'a. However, unlike the Saudi religious police this force does not operate on behalf of the state. In fact, it is unclear precisely who is behind it. Its Facebook page, launched December 25, 2011, states that its founders are members of the Salafi Al-Nour party, "the closest party to Allah's shari'a," but that they are not working on its behalf, or on behalf of any other political party. The page features many links to Al-Nour Facebook pages, and its founders seem to support the Islamist presidential candidate Hazem Abu Isma'il. It states that the religious police will not use violence or coercion, but rather dialogue and guidance, in performing its tasks. The page has thousands of followers, and has thus far published eight official statements from the religious police." (N.Shamni)

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Amr Moussa, prochain président ?

Amr Moussa, prochain président ? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
L'ancien ministre des Affaires étrangères du président déchu Hosni Moubarak jouit d'une réputation d'homme moderne et nationaliste. Il ne déplait ni aux Frères musulmans ni à l'armée et peut rassurer la minorité copte, estime Now Lebanon.
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Le chanteur égyptien Tony Kaldas de passage à Paris le 30 janvier 2012

Le chanteur égyptien Tony Kaldas de passage à Paris le 30 janvier 2012 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Une soirée exceptionnelle au Centre culturel d'Egypte à Paris le lundi 30 janvier 2012 :
le chanteur égyptien Tony Kaldas y interprétera un répertoire de chansons françaises et arabes, avec la pianiste Jean-Claude Orfali.
L'artiste égyptien sera de passage à Parie à l'occasion de sa nomination pour le Prix de la Paix 2012 (Bruxelles) pour sa chanson "Tu es mon frère"

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"Nel cantiere della Grande Piramide - Gli architetti egizi svelati"

"Nel cantiere della Grande Piramide - Gli architetti egizi svelati" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"L’autore, Marco Virginio Fiorini (*) architetto, forte di una lunga esperienza professionale e dopo anni di ricerca specifica sulla piramide di Cheope, accompagna il lettore a “fare un giro” all’interno del cantiere della piramide di Cheope per scoprire insieme i segreti degli architetti egizi.

Le fasi per innalzare l’edificio più studiato e famoso della storia, sono presentate in modo progressivo e facilmente comprensibile da tutti, in questo testo unico nel suo genere.

Un viaggio entusiasmante a ritroso nei millenni, un tuffo nella sorprendente tecnologia di un antico popolo geniale, un’avventura non facile da dimenticare."

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Beltagy: Parliament is an Extension to Tahrir Square

Beltagy: Parliament is an Extension to Tahrir Square | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Speaking during the January 25 Revolution celebrations, from the Muslim Brotherhood-run stage, FJP MP Mohmed Beltagy addressed the crowd reminding them of last year's revolutionary cry signaling unity, he stated "We are here to confirm that the Revolution is ongoing. It is like today that we were reborn and we will continue until the demands of all of Egypt are met and to assure you that the parliament is an extension to the Square. We promise you that we will remain loyal to the martyrs who sacrificed their souls during the revolution. The parliament which you vested your trust in will not be rested till the rights of the martyrs and those injured during the revolution are completely restored".

He added: "A parliamentary committee will be formed specifically to restore the rights of those who lost their lives and sacrificed".

We will announce the termination of citizens being tried by military court and it will be a decision made by the parliament and not the ruling authorities. "The parliament will also announce the judiciary's independence in an effort to reassure the people that the farce we are currently witnessing in the court hearings will never again be repeated".

Concluding his address, Beltagy observed: "We fully support the peaceful handover of authority from SCAF to a civilly elected authority and this will be possible once the Shura Council elections are completed and nominations and elections for a president take place. Our new president must be held accountable for all his actions. Amid applause Beltagy shouted: "Change, Freedom Social Justice" (Ikhwan Web)

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Tahrir Square Music: Sounds of Rebels

Tahrir Square Music: Sounds of Rebels | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"As the revolution in Egypt kicked off, so did the work of many young artists who began to sing more politically inspired tunes. (...)

It is impossible to discuss Egyptian political songs without recalling the role played by pioneer musician Sheikh Imam in resisting political tyranny. Imam’s music, of course, cannot be separated from poems written by Ahmed Fouad Negm. This duo, with its chaotic nature and sharp satirical tone that characterised their collaborations, conquered elitists in the 1970s and 1980s before making their way to popular status at the start of the 21st century. (...)

While alternative musicians found themselves on the fringes of the movement, the folkloric arts reclaimed their role as means of collective cultural expression. Sheikh Ahmad el-Tuni performed live in Tahrir Square. The el-Tanboura band from Suez performed the song Shilna il ras w lissa il dail (We removed the head and the tail will follow). Tamer Abu Ghazaleh, a Palestinian resident of Cairo, performed Mahrajan al-Balaat, another song with political connotations.

The impact of these songs on Egyptian society is difficult to gauge. Political songs could be a passing trend or it could become rooted in the culture after trimming the fat off of it. For now, the second option seems far off." (Ahmad Zaatari)

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Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood and its record of double talk

"Amid new strains in U.S.-Egypt ties, some in Washington are studying the tensions and results of recent voting for indications that democracy can take hold. Those who say the Muslim Brotherhood is showing new signs of moderation should compare its message to outsiders, in English, with its message to Egyptians and other Arabs, in Arabic.

Take the Brotherhood’s official English and Arabic Web sites, IkhwanWeb and IkhwanOnline, from one day this month. In English, the home page featured no fewer than eight articles on the solicitude of the Brotherhood toward Egypt’s Coptic Christian minority. The Arabic home page, by contrast, included just two small pieces on this theme. The contrast is sharper on other key issues. On democracy, the English home page one January day featured several articles with headlines such as “Why Islamists Are Better Democrats” and “Democracy: One of the Objectives of Shariah?” There was nothing comparable in Arabic. Instead, Arabic readers saw three pieces against freedom of the press, attacking two top independent Egyptian dailies for printing criticisms of the Brotherhood." (David Pollock)

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Amara West 2012: nice objects among archaeological puzzles

Amara West 2012: nice objects among archaeological puzzles | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Since the last update from house E13.8, excavation of further deposits and features within the rooms has revealed earlier architecture and some interesting finds.

In the central room in the house we have photographed, drawn and dug away a second mud plaster floor surface with a central hearth. This floor was covered in broken pottery and had a partially complete vessel set in it. It also contained a hearth in the same place as the later floor which lay above it. Such consistency of layout suggests the function of the room remained the same.

Bread ovens in the small room at the front of the house have also been excavated. These proved relatively straightforward to remove, but proved difficult to define as they consist of hard-fired ashy silt." (Tom Lyons, archaeologist, and Shadia Abdu Rabu, Sudan National Museum)

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KV64 : histoire(s) d'une découverte - suite

voici une vidéo, relative à la découverte et à l'ouverture du sarcophage de Nehmes Bastet.Les commentaires sont en allemand, une langue qui m'est malheureusement "étrangère".

Si cette langue vous est familière et au cas où vous disposeriez d'un peu de temps pour traduire et résumer lesdits commentaires, ceux-ci seraient les bienvenus (pour publication sur ce blog). Merci par avance.
MC

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Grève de 4000 ouvriers d'une entreprise de fabrication de vêtements à Isma'iliya pour cause de retard dans l'augmentation de leur salaire

Grève de 4000 ouvriers d'une entreprise de fabrication de vêtements à Isma'iliya pour cause de retard dans l'augmentation de leur salaire | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

قالت مصادر عمالية وأخرى بالقوى العاملة والمنطقة الحرة العامة بالإسماعيلية، أن 4 آلاف على الأقل بدأوا اليوم إضرابا مفتوحا عن العمل، احتجاجا على تباطؤ إدارة المصنع الذي يمتلكه مستثمر إسرائيلي في صرف زيادة كان متفق عليها في الرواتب بنسبة 15 % منذ شهر يوليو الماضي

وقال عمال محتجون بمصنع أم جي إيجيبت للملابس الجاهزة، أن رئيس مجلس إدارة الشركة وهو من أصول إسرائيلية ويحمل جنسية أجنبية يرفض صرف هذه الزيادة، والتي تم الاتفاق عليها بعد مظاهرات عارمة قام بها الآلاف من العمال بجميع مصانع المنطقة للمطالبة بتحسين أجورهم.

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The Egyptian museum in Tahrir welcomes its visitors

The Egyptian museum in Tahrir welcomes its visitors | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"After three days of closing for security measures the Egyptian museum is reopened and both colossi of king Amenhotep III and his wife queen Tiye are at the foyer of the museum greeting the visitors. Minister of State for Antiquities Mohamed Ibrahim explained that the museum was closed in order to tight security measures all over it during the gala ceremony held at the square to celebrate the anniversary of Egypt Revolution. “In case if any chaos had happened the museum would be better secured and protected,” Ibrahim pointed out." (Nevine El Aref)

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Brotherhood Supreme Guide: Army not above accountability in the parliament

Brotherhood Supreme Guide: Army not above accountability in the parliament | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie, announced in a press release on Thursday that Egypt's elected parliament has the right to hold all state institutions accountable, and above all, the military. Badie added that parliament has the right to reduce the army's budget through a special committee.Badie also confirmed that the Brotherhood would not support any of its members or any candidate with an Islamist background in the presidential election, as the organization, along with other political powers, will choose a consensual candidate for the best interests of Egypt.

He stressed that the Egyptian people’s demands are the priories of the Muslim Brotherhood: restoring basic rights of all citizens, especially preserving freedom and dignity, as well achieving social justice.

The Supreme Guide also stated that, as the Supreme Council of Armed Forces' (SCAF) partner in protecting the revolution, the Brotherhood would hold SCAF accountable for its mistakes—without affecting the prestige of Egypt's army." (Ahram Online)

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Lancement d'un concours pour les jeunes architectes arabes

Lancement d'un concours pour les jeunes architectes arabes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"L’Institut du Monde Arabe et l’association Ca’Asi, fondée par AS.Architecture-Studio, organisent un concours international d’architecture pour mettre en avant les jeunes architectes arabes. Les meilleurs projets seront exposés en 2012 durant la Biennale d’architecture de Venise.

 

Dans le cadre de la 13e Biennale d’Architecture de Venise (Italie), l’association Ca’Asi ouvre les portes de son Palazzo Santa Maria Nova à des architectes arabes en devenir. L’Institut du Monde Arabe de Paris (IMA) a souhaité, pour son 25e anniversaire, porter le projet avec l’agence AS.Architecture-Studio en élargissant l’exposition afin de mettre en valeur la créativité et l’originalité de la nouvelle génération d’architectes. Aussi, les deux entités ont-elles décidé de lancer, en janvier 2012, un concours international d’architecture qui récompensera une dizaine des plus beaux projets de l’espace culturel arabe." (Batiactu)

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Pourquoi Al-Baradei ne sera pas président

Pourquoi Al-Baradei ne sera pas président | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Pour l’écrivain Alaa Al-Aswani, le Prix Nobel de la paix s’est retiré de la course à la présidentielle pour ne pas cautionner une démocratie de façade. Il est vrai que dans le pays rien n’a changé.

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