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Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Role of Social Networking in Egypt in Getting Political New

Role of Social Networking in Egypt in Getting Political New | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Nearly a quarter of Egyptians (23%) say they have used social networking sites such as Facebook, MySpace and Twitter to obtain news about their country's political situation; 6% access these sites but have not used it as a source of political news. About two-thirds (65%) do not use the internet or email. Usage of social networking sites as a source of political news and information is especially prevalent among the highly educated and those with higher incomes. Two-thirds of those with a college education obtain news about Egypt's political situation from these sites, compared with 23% of those with a secondary education and just 1% of those with a primary education or less. Similarly, about half (51%) of those with high incomes use social networking sites for political news and information, compared with just 12% of those in the middle-income category and 15% of those with low incomes. Few among the less-educated and poorer Egyptians access the internet at all." (Pew Research Center)

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Arab leaders boost Dominican archaeologist’s quest for Cleopatra

Arab leaders boost Dominican archaeologist’s quest for Cleopatra | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Egypt’s new military authorities have reissued the license to Dominican archaeologist Kathleen Martinez to resume the excavations in the historic search for the tomb of Cleopatra, an investigation that has piqued the interest and obtained the support of the leaders of the United Arab Emirates.Martinez made the announcement Friday, but also revealed the theft of many of the artifacts she had already unearthed and the “disappearance” of the excavation equipment during the year-long turmoil in Egypt.

She said the process to recover her excavation license has already passed through several departments, “so we are ready to return and resume the investigation.” (Dominican Today)

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Egypt’s Military Seeks Advice on Handing Power to Civilians

Egypt’s Military Seeks Advice on Handing Power to Civilians | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Egypt’s military rulers have asked a panel of advisers for suggestions about handing over power to civilians earlier than the scheduled deadline at the end of June, state news media reported Sunday.

Whether the request signals an intention was unclear. It follows a week of major protests demanding an immediate handover, and the request may be an attempt to help calm the unrest." (David D. Kirkpatrick)

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Coptic leaders call for uniting Christians under one political party

Coptic leaders call for uniting Christians under one political party | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Participants in a conference of Coptic leaders on Sunday called for uniting Coptic Christians under one political party, and requested that the pope investigate bishops who allegedly urged Coptic voters to vote for the Egyptian Bloc in the parliamentary elections, thereby “dispersing their votes,” as they put it.

They also rejected the appointment of five Coptic MPs to the People’s Assembly by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces." (Emad Khalil)

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Egypt : Faces of Egypt's revolution - Interactive - CBC.ca

Egypt : Faces of Egypt's revolution - Interactive - CBC.ca | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The face of Egypt's Arab Spring has been a youthful one. The protests in Cairo's Tahrir Square have been dominated by a young and vocal generation of Egyptians demanding an end to the repressive regime of former President Hosni Mubarak. For the most part, the events of the last year took place in the capital city of Cairo - but the social changes that followed in the wake of Mubarak's ouster have affected all Egyptians. The following is a series of portraits of Egyptians from all walks of life, each affected in different ways in the year of the Arab Spring :

Gamal al-Banna

Nader Bakker

Samira Ibrahim

Father Samaan Ibrahim

Tarek Tohamy

Alaa el Bahalwn

El Said Etewey

Faisal Lakoucha

Mazhar Shahin

Talaat Mussalam

Dr. Nawal el-Saadawi

Farag Abdul Hanima

Mohamed Eid Yousef

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Mohamed Ibrahim, ministre des Antiquités, a inauguré le musée de Suez

Mohamed Ibrahim, ministre des Antiquités, a inauguré le musée de Suez | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A cette occasion, le ministre a tenu à rappeler le rôle historique et héroïque de la ville de Suez, à l'origine de la première "étincelle" de la Révolution égyptienne (au moment de l'"occupation" britannique).

 

افتتح الدكتور محمد إبراهيم، وزير الآثار، صباح اليوم، الأحد، متحف السويس القومى للآثار أمام حركة السياحة المحلية والدولية فى احتفالية كبرى، وذلك بمناسبة مرور عام على ثورة 25 يناير وتقديرا لمدينة السويس الباسلة التى انطلقت منها الشرارة الأولى للثورة المصرية.

وأشاد الوزير بالدور البطولى الذى تلعبه مدينة السويس وأهلها عبر التاريخ والتضحيات التى يقدمونها من أجل الوطن، منوها إلى أنه قدر لمدينة السويس الباسلة أن تكون مدينة الكفاح والتضحيات، فقديما شكلت كتائب الفدائيين التى هاجمت معسكرات الاحتلال البريطانى وحديثا كانت هى الشرارة الأولى لانطلاق ثورة 25 يناير.

Youm7

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Egypte: début du vote pour l'élection de la chambre haute

Egypte: début du vote pour l'élection de la chambre haute | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Les Egyptiens ont commencé à voter dimanche pour élire la chambre haute (Choura) du parlement, les islamistes comptant retrouver le succès rencontré lors de l'élection de l'Assemblée du peuple, où ils ont raflé les trois quarts des sièges.Contrairement à la mobilisation pour l'élection des députés, l'affluence était faible en début de journée dans les bureaux de vote au Caire, a constaté l'AFP, reflétant une campagne très morne pour élire les membres de cette chambre consultative à la visibilité politique limitée.

L'élection des sénateurs doit se dérouler successivement dans deux zones géographiques, pour se terminer le 22 février.

Ce scrutin s'inscrit dans un processus de transition vers un système démocratique promis par l'armée, qui a pris le pouvoir après la chute du président Hosni Moubarak en février 2011." (AFP, via Libération)

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Shura Council elections begin

Shura Council elections begin | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Polling stations have started receiving voters Sunday 8am on the first day of the Shura Council (the upper house) elections.

Elections will take place in 13 governorates; Cairo, Alexandria, Asyut, Dakahliya, Gharbiya, Fayoum, Menufeya, Qena, Demietta, New Valley, North and South Sinai, Al-Bahr Al-Ahmar.

Polling stations will be open Sunday and Monday whereas the re-runs are expected to take place on February 7." (Aswat Masriya)

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Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood says unity top priority

Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood says unity top priority | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The Muslim Brotherhood said that they are ready to deal with other political groups and parties in Egypt in an effort to increase unity in the country.In an interview with the Fars News Agency (FNA), senior Brotherhood official Hazim Farouq said the group’s main goals in the near future center on creating unity in the country, even as anti-military protests continue across the country.

“Our first priority is to return unity and integrity to the Egyptian nation and all of its (political) groups and tribes,” Farouq told FNA.

He continued to say that the MB’s political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), which won nearly half of seats in the recent parliamentary elections, is looking to transfer power from the military junta to a civilian government." (Joseph Mayton)

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Alexandria: Villa Aghion by the Perret brothers

Alexandria: Villa Aghion by the Perret brothers | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"The Villa Aghion built by the Perret brothers in Alexandria in 1926-1927 is considered an important modernist villa reflecting Alexandria’s society and architectural culture. It had survived until 2009 when there was an attempt to demolish it. Today it stands partially destroyed and abandoned. This has been the fate of many more less high-profile structures in Alexandria, Cairo, Mansoura and other cities." (Cairobserver)

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Le blogueur égyptien Maïkel Nabil raconte les conditions de sa détention

Le blogueur égyptien Maïkel Nabil raconte les conditions de sa détention | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
En Egypte, le blogueur Maïkel Nabil est apparu en public pour la première fois lors d’une conférence de presse ce samedi 28 janvier 2012 au Caire.
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The economics of Egypt’s revolution, one year on

The economics of Egypt’s revolution, one year on | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"... in order for things to really improve, Egypt's economy needs to strengthen too.In the past year, revenue from tourism - one of Egypt's big foreign earners - has fallen by about a third. And about one in four people under the age of 25 is still jobless - a worrying statistic, given that unemployment was one of the major causes of the revolution.

Egypt's economic crisis is clearly worrying those at the top too.

Initially the government said it would do without any international assistance in the way of loans, but in the past few weeks, Egypt has reopened talks with the International Monetary Fund for an estimated $3.2bn to help plug a growing budget deficit.

While the country faces funding problems, the problem is even more acute for Egypt's small businesses." (Katy Watson)

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ICOM publishes a new Emergency Red List: the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk  

ICOM publishes a new Emergency Red List: the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk   | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

One year on from the events that took place in Egypt in 2011, ICOM’s actions to protect the country’s cultural heritage from the ensuing thefts of non-inventoried objects from archaeological sites and museums have led to the publication of the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk.

The International Council of Museums (ICOM) is delighted to announce the official launch, at the National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation in Cairo (NMEC), on 6 February 2012, of a new Emergency Red List: the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk. The ICOM Red Lists are important, effective tools designed to help police and customs officials, heritage professionals and art and antiquities dealers identify the types of objects that are most susceptible to illicit trafficking and therefore subject to smuggling and illicit trade.

The Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk was made possible thanks to the generous support of the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.

This ICOM initiative was conducted in cooperation with its International Committee for Egyptology (CIPEG), and with the participation of national and international experts in archaeology and history and the Ministry of Antiquities of the Arab Republic of Egypt. It aims to raise awareness among the local population, law enforcement officials and the international art and antiquities market.

The Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk presents categories of objects spanning from the Predynastic, Pharaonic and Nubian era to Greco-Roman and Coptic Egypt, as well as from the Islamic Period.

The Emergency Red List aims to help art and heritage collectors, professionals and customs and police officials identify Egyptian objects that are protected by national legislation. Museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors are encouraged not to acquire these objects without having carefully and thoroughly researched their origin and all the relevant national and international legal documentation.

Due to the great diversity of objects, styles and periods, the Emergency Red List of Egyptian Cultural Objects at Risk is far from exhaustive. Any cultural object that could have originated in Egypt should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

The fight against illicit traffic in cultural goods requires the enhancement of both legal and practical instruments that will disseminate information and raise public awareness. By launching this new Emergency Red List, ICOM is reiterating its firm commitment to the protection of cultural heritage, specifically in post-crisis situations.  (Press Release)

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Investigating Tutankhamen’s curse… and 100 years of Nefertiti’s bust.

Investigating Tutankhamen’s curse… and 100 years of Nefertiti’s bust. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Dr. Joyce Tyldesley is Senior Lecturer on Manchester University’s Certificate Course in Egyptology, and Honorary Research Associate here at The Manchester Museum. Joyce is the well-known author of many accessible books on Egyptological topics, and her latest – Tutankhamen’s Curse: The Developing History of an Egyptian King – is published on the 9th of February. The book tells the story not just of the Boy King, but – arguably of more interest – addresses the reasons why we are fascinated by him. (...)

Joyce is currently writing an account of the modern obsession with the bust, and its central place in our impression of ancient beauty. As it is impossible to handle the original bust, Joyce asked if she could examine the Manchester copy as it is one of a number of accurate replicas made in Germany and now in several museums.

Bust displayed previously

The Manchester bust – although not genuine, and never claimed to be – has always been popular with visitors. The new Ancient Worlds galleries will reflect the popularity of Nefertiti and her time by including both a rich selection of objects discovered at Amarna and several Amarna-style artworks: some educational copies and some made with the intent to deceive." (Egyptmanchester)

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January | 2012 | Earth Pyramid Blog

"Since the new website launch in November it has been an incredibly busy time for the project.We have had some fantastic comments and its great to see that all our hard work over the past 3 years has created a site that explains the venture well.We still have work to do regarding translating the content and adding the interactive areas but these will develop in time. Our project video is currently entered into the TED ads worth spreading competition and we hope that, if successful it will help increase awareness on a global scale. This link http://www.youtube.com/adsworthspreading will take you to Teds You Tube channel and there you will find the video. Raising the profile of the project is something that we haven’t spent too much time on as all our efforts have gone into clarifying the ventures aims and gathering support but once again we are sure that this will develop over time."

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L’Egypte vend bien sa révolution, la Tunisie non ! Pourquoi ?

L’Egypte vend bien sa révolution, la Tunisie non ! Pourquoi ? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Toutes les ambassades d’Egypte de par le monde ont célébré avec éclat, ce 25 janvier, le premier anniversaire de la révolution égyptienne. Grandes (L’Egypte vend bien sa révolution, la Tunisie non !
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Architecture: 'The Sultan’s Fountain' and the restoration of a sabil-kuttab

Architecture: 'The Sultan’s Fountain' and the restoration of a sabil-kuttab | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"Throughout Egypt’s history, access to water has been essential to the development of its cities and towns. It is no wonder that a uniquely Cairene architectural style would incorporate a way to dispense drinking water. The sabil-kuttab was a charitable building with a water fountain on the ground floor and a religious public school above it. Special to Cairo, there were over three hundred sabil-kuttabs in the city by the end of the eighteenth century.

The Netherlands-Flemish Institute in Cairo assisted in funding the restoration of one of the most unusual sabil-kuttabs, which took place from 2008 and 2009, with help from the Local Cultural Fund from the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Built by Ottoman Sultan Mustafa III in 1760 across from the historic Sayeda Zeinab Mosque, the exterior of this sabil-kuttab looks classically Cairene, with the rounded marble arches on the façade. The interior, however, is what sets it apart form other sabil-kuttabs: it has thousands of Delft blue tiles, hence the Dutch connection." (Celia Alexander)

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Mardi, première confrontation entre al-Ganzourî et le "Parlement de la Révolution"

Mardi, première confrontation entre al-Ganzourî et le "Parlement de la Révolution" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 

يلقى الدكتور كمال الجنزورى، رئيس مجلس الوزراء، بيان الحكومة أمام نواب مجلس الشعب بعد غد الثلاثاء، وذلك لعرض ما تم إنجازه من ملفات، ومناقشة جهود الحكومة فى ملفات مستحقات مصابى الثورة، وأسر الشهداء، وتطورات التحقيق مع المتورطين فى إصابة المتظاهرين.

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Les Frères musulmans vont créer de nouvelles écoles dès que seront élus les membres de la Chambre Haute

Les Frères musulmans vont créer de nouvelles écoles dès que seront élus les membres de la Chambre Haute | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

بعد الاغلبية البرلمانية لجماعة الإخوان المسلمين تستهدف الجماعة، بحسب تصريحات الدكتور احمد الحلوانى -المسئول عن ملف المعلمين بجماعة الإخوان المسلمين- لـ«التحرير» التوسع في انشاء المدارس التابعة لهم بكافة المحافظات، بمعدل انشاء مدرسة بكل محافظة لتكون نموذجا للجماعة، لافتا إلى وجود 50 مدرسة فقط على مستوى الجمهورية تابعة للإخوان يتمركز اغلبها فى محافظات «الاسكندرية سوهاج، اسيوط، المنيا، بنى سويف، والفيوم»

(al-Tahrîr)

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Egypt politicians adopt social media

"Last week Egypt celebrated the one year anniversary of the outbreak of protests in Tahrir Square and the January 25 Revolution. This defining moment in Egyptian history was due, at least in part, to the advent of technologies such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter that for the first time gave voice to the people. Though social media was already gaining traction among Egypt’s youth, the Revolution catapulted social media to prominence within Egyptian society as a whole, and its significance in the year following the revolution has been anything but fleeting. Specifically, its heavy usage in the recent parliamentary elections suggests that its impact on Egyptian politics and society will continue to grow in the years to come.

In the past year, social media in Egypt has evolved from a revolutionary tool into an instrument of democracy, and every major Egyptian political party’s website now includes some degree of social media integration. The Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), which received nearly half of the votes in the recent parliamentary elections, boasts a Facebook page that has been “liked” by over 280,000 users, 36,000 of whom are active on the page. An additional 157,000 users have “liked” the Facebook page of Al-Nour, the Salafi party that finished second to the FJP in the elections, and another 9,000 users follow that party’s Twitter handle, @alnourpartyeg.

These parties’ Facebook pages are not simply online political flyers, but rather fully-developed channels of communication replete with information on candidates and voting stations, pictures and videos of rallies, positive press clippings, party platforms, interactive polls and more, all packaged within the social functionality of Facebook. On any given day, the FJP and Al-Nour’s Facebook and Twitter posts may number in the hundreds, while the comments generated by those posts likely number in the thousands.

Despite this plethora of online political activity, social media has its limits, as low Internet penetration rates hinder its ability to reach a large segment of the population. Its audience today is comprised primarily of urban residents and youth. As a result, Egypt’s political parties have sought to develop strategies that integrate social media into their campaigns while continuing to rely on more traditional methods of communication to reach the bulk of their constituency." (James Brian Taylor)

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"Un an déjà, et nous attendons toujours la mobilisation des féministes égyptiennes"

"Un an déjà, et nous attendons toujours la mobilisation des féministes égyptiennes" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

"2011, une année marquée par un bouillonnement révolutionnaire en Egypte. Une année marquée aussi par des bains de sang, l’arrivée des militaires au pouvoir et leurs 13 000 arrestations, la victoire écrasante de l’islam politique, la formation de nouveaux syndicats indépendants, l’organisation de la résistance et de la contre-révolution, des élections tronquées…

Un an déjà, et nous attendons toujours la mobilisation des féministes égyptiennes pour les droits des femmes.

En effet, depuis le début du processus révolutionnaire, et même si les femmes ont participé autant que leurs camarades hommes au soulèvement et même si elles ont offert leur vie pour atteindre les trois objectifs de cette révolte – liberté, dignité et justice sociale –, les organisations féminines et féministes n’ont pas scandé de slogans concernant les droits des femmes. (...)

je me réserve le droit de trouver rétrograde un slogan qui prône l’honneur des femmes en l’assimilant à l’honneur de la patrie. Cet honneur se situant entre les cuisses des femmes dans un pays où l’on pratique le crime d’honneur, que l’on devrait plutôt appeler crime de déshonneur ! Dans un pays où les femmes sont spoliées de leur corps. Un corps qui n’est que la propriété collective de toute la famille. Un corps qui a ce pouvoir énorme, cette capacité de déshonorer toute une tribu, toute une nation.Nous sommes loin de la revendication chère aux féministes : « Mon corps m’appartient ! » (Sérénade Chafik, militante franco-égyptienne féministe)

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Les graffiti de la Révolution

Les graffiti de la Révolution | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les murs, dit-on, ont des oreilles.
Ils peuvent aussi prendre la parole...
Chargé d’espoir ou de désespoir, lorsque la liberté d’expression est muselée, ou bien support de messages plus artistiquement élaborés, révélateurs des revendications de toute une foule, le langage de la pierre est, à sa manière, une page d’histoire.
Il est des graffiti “sauvages”, effets d’une spontanéité débridée sans âme. Il en est souvent d’autres qui sont porteurs de sens et qui, comme tels, méritent l’attention, dans le dialogue/confrontation que des citoyens tentent d’imposer aux responsables politiques de leur nation.
Une comparaison intéressante pourrait d’ailleurs être faite avec les autres supports d’expression libérée que sont Facebok, Twitter et les innombrables vidéos enregistrées avec des téléphones portables, puis quasi instantanément diffusées via YouTube. On relèverait notamment une particularité des messages peints sur les murs des villes : leur portée plus immédiate et plus globale, dans la mesure où ils s’adressent également, de manière non pas individuelle, mais collective, aux personnes n’ayant pas accès à internet.
Les quelques pages que je me propose de publier ici sont extraites de la presse égyptienne ou internationale. Cette collecte n’a d’autre ambition que de relayer l’évidente importance de ces hiéroglyphes modernes par lesquels des Égyptiens “anonymes” (quel horrible qualificatif !) traduisent une Révolution. Leur Révolution...

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Egyptians set for upper house vote

Egyptians set for upper house vote | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

First phase of polling for Shura council to begin on Sunday with Islamists eyeing to consolidate recent electoral gains.

Egyptians will vote in the first stage of elections for the upper house of parliament, with Islamists seeking to repeat the success they enjoyed in elections for the lower house.

Voting for the Shura council will be held over two stages; the first of which will begin on Sunday, It follows a lower house election that was Egypt's most democratic since military officers overthrew the king in 1952.

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Message from Iranian women to Tunesian and Egyptian women

Message from Iranian women to Tunesian and Egyptian women | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Cliquer sur l'illustration pour accéder à la vidéo.

 

"The video features pictures of the life of Iranian women before and after the Islamic revolution there in 1979. Depicting a reversal of women's rights with the implementation of Islamic rule after the revolution, the video warns women in Egypt and Tunisia to make sure the same thing doesn't happen to them after revolutions in both countries a year ago and Islamic groups looking to assume leadership."

http://www.trust.org/trustlaw/news/women-in-egypt-heed-warning-from-iranian-women-on-rights

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Révolution en Égypte : dimensions et enjeux d'un processus en cours

"Les mobilisations d’ampleur qui ont conduit au départ du chef de l’Etat égyptien en poste depuis trente ans ont beaucoup surpris, observateurs comme militants. Le phénomène révolutionnaire se poursuit. Comment comprendre ses dynamiques ? Quels sont ses principales caractéristiques et ses enjeux. Cet article propose d’examiner la nature révolutionnaire de ce processus en proposant des repères et des pistes d’analyses. (...)

La révolution égyptienne débutée en janvier 2011 a surpris. Depuis des années, la crise couvait avec des résistances éparses. Les événements remettent en cause nombre d’idées reçues sur la place de l’armée, le rôle de la religion ou les motivations du peuple égyptien...

Les protestations de ces derniers mois présentent des rythmes inégaux. Leur ampleur fluctue, sans parler des formes et des niveaux de structuration. Elles se trouvent à un moment complexe après une réelle avancée qui s’est traduite par le départ de Moubarak. Tout processus révolutionnaire passe par des phases, des tensions et des reculs. Ses enjeux sont ancrés dans des dimensions multiples (politiques, sociales, historiques, internationales ….), loin de tout schéma linéaire ! Aucune révolution n’est un phénomène monolithique. Elle reste un moment de crise, de transition et de changement, marqué par de rapides et profondes recompositions politiques et sociales.

La société égyptienne connaît une formidable ébullition politique, sociale et culturelle. Les hostilités internes, régionales ou internationales existent. Entamée, l'hégémonie des États-Unis n'est pas détruite. La détermination de larges franges de la population reste forte avec le refus de l’ordre établi, la volonté d’un changement et la demande de justice sociale. La chute du président Moubarak, victoire réelle mais partielle, ne signifie pas la fin du régime autoritaire, celui-ci cherchant à se maintenir dans un cadre renouvelé. Elle représente une étape décisive pour ce peuple qui ne cesse de réclamer plus de liberté et de justice sociale."
(Didier Monciaud, chercheur en histoire, associé au GREMAMO (université Paris VII) ; participe au comité de rédaction des Cahiers d’Histoire. Revue d’histoire critique)

 

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