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Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Le patron du Pentagone la semaine prochaine en Egypte

Le secrétaire américain à la Défense, Leon Panetta, rencontrera le président égyptien Mohamed Morsi et le maréchal Hussein Tantaoui la semaine prochaine au Caire, a annoncé jeudi le Pentagone. Leon Panetta se rendra également en Israël, en Jordanie et en Tunisie, ajoute le département de la Défense qui n'a pas précisé les dates de cette tournée au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord.

Le patron du Pentagone sera le second haut responsable de l'administration américaine à se rendre en Egypte, où la secrétaire d'Etat Hillary Clinton est allée à la mi-juillet, rencontrant elle aussi le premier président islamiste de l'histoire de l'Egypte et le commandant du Conseil suprême des forces armées (CSFA), qui a assuré l'intérim à la tête du pays après la chute d'Hosni Moubarak, en février 2011.

La transition égyptienne, tiraillée par les luttes d'influence entre le président démocratiquement élu et l'armée, sera naturellement au menu des discussions que Panetta aura avec ses interlocuteurs. «Le secrétaire Panetta attend avec beaucoup d'impatience ses rencontres avec de hauts responsables égyptiens et les encouragera à poursuivre la transition politique en cours», a dit le porte-parole du Pentagone. En Israël et en Jordanie, Panetta évoquera «avec ces proches alliés nos inquiétudes partagées sur la Syrie et l'Iran», a ajouté George Little.

(Reuters, via 20  minutes.fr)

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FJP competes for 80 percent of parliament seats

FJP competes for 80 percent of parliament seats | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) began preparing for the battle of the upcoming parliamentary elections where it competes for 80 percent of parliamentary seats.

The party is about to finish preparing its candidate lists for the forthcoming parliamentary elections after the Supreme Constitutional Court ruled that the formation of the People’s Assembly is unconstitutional, al-Masry al-Youm newspaper reported what it called informed sources as saying.

The party seeks to compete for 80 percent of the parliament seats, the sources that declined to be named said.

Mourad Ali, President Mohamed Mursi’s former media advisor, is expected to compete in the elections against member of the dissolved parliament Mohamed Abu Hamed.

One of al-Zomor family top figures will also compete in the elections against ex-MP Mostafa Bakri . Several members of the family belong to the ultra-Islamist movement including one of the killers of former president Anwar al-Sadat.

Khairat al-Shater, deputy head of the Muslim Brotherhood, declined the post of deputy prime minister which led the brotherhood to consider nominating him in the elections, the sources added. (Aswat Masriya)

http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=74b2a294-9436-4289-bbca-33653507e67d

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Broad Consensus Achieved in Constitution-Writing Panel Working Committees

Broad Consensus Achieved in Constitution-Writing Panel Working Committees | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Dr. Farid Ismail, a member of the Constituent Assembly (CA), affirmed that the CA has heard suggestions from more than 14 provinces across Egypt, in addition to views and suggestions from Egyptians abroad.

Dr. Ismail pointed that most of the CA’s committees completed the initial wording of most articles, except for the System of Governance Committee, which continues its consultations, and is expected to complete its work within two weeks.

He further stressed that on August 4, the CA will start a vote on the final versions of the articles in the order of the chapters in the Constitution, pointing out that the Drafting Committee is to submit and edit the CA’s final wording until it is satisfactory for all.

Dr. Ismail said that all talk about the amendment of Article 2 is totally unfounded, adding that the final version of the article approved by the Basic Components Committee, as published in mass media, is indeed the final version of that article.

He added, "The CA has completed the drafting of 15 articles in their semi-final versions. Discussion of the articles relating to the President completing his term in office, and elected institutions completing the terms for which they are elected, will begin soon.

"The Committee on the Judiciary has completed the drafting of 15 articles, which are all the articles relating to judicial matters in the new constitution. The issue of ‘transitional justice' will be considered within the chapter on the judiciary."

Speaking on the same subject, Dr. Ahmed Diab, member of the CA and member of the Freedom and Justice Party’s Executive Office, affirmed that the CA’s committees are nearing completion of the basic structure of the new constitution.

"Many articles have been completely written, including the definition of the state, Article 2, the article on founding political parties by simple notification, and the economic fundamentals article.

"Issues relating to ethics within the Constitution have also been discussed. The vast majority of CA members agreed upon the articles so far discussed." (Ikhwan web)

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Is Egypt Replacing a Dictator with an 'Electoral Dictatorship'?

Is Egypt Replacing a Dictator with an 'Electoral Dictatorship'? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Despite the flood of opinions and publications glorifying the Egyptian revolution, especially following the victory of Mohammed Morsi, the current situation allows us to say that after everything, the Egyptian revolution hasn’t achieved success. It may have even been a failure. In this case, measuring the success of Morsi in the elections renders our judgment correct. Morsi’s weak success was nothing victorious, given that Egypt’s president is now governing under the umbrella of the military council and with limited powers regarding critical and core sovereign portfolios. Moreover, Morsi did not achieve a victory that would make his mandate iron clad. In fact, the number of votes received by the remnants [of the Mubarak regime] was not small; it was close to the number Morsi received. That is of course only if we ignore the rumors saying that his rival Ahmed Shafiq was the actual winner, and pressing concerns related to managing the conflict forced the military to manipulate the results.

Whether these rumors are true or false, these rumors are not in the interest of the revolution or its impetus. Furthermore, they may affect its future in terms of adapting to democracy, setting its future limits or the likelihood of it being abandoned. (Abdel Amir al-Rekabi/Al Monitor)

More : http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/politics/2012/07/signs-of-the-failure-of-the-egyp.html

 

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Maintain independent antiquities ministry, Egypt's archaeologists tell Morsi

Maintain independent antiquities ministry, Egypt's archaeologists tell Morsi | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egyptian archaeologists have sent a petition to President Mohamed Morsi and Prime Minister Hisham Qandil asking them to not to merge the antiquities ministry with the culture ministry, and to maintain its cabinet status.

According to a press release, which the Ahram Online has a copy of it, the archaeologists' syndicate said:

"For 30 years we lived under a corrupt system that was hostile to our cultural heritage... It kept it under the control of outsiders who sold it cheaply.

The former regime always stood against our independence and even hindered the establishment of an archaeologists' syndicate.

We must keep the ministry independent in order to prevent its resources being consumed by other ministries which they will spend on everything except preserving and protecting Egypt’s heritage, which has been suffering from neglect for decades.

The revolution took place and a new separate and independent antiquities ministry was created in the cabinet. This decision was welcomed by all archaeologists, curators and restorers who work in the field.

It does not make sense to retreat to a status that we were forced into by the old regime.

Our cultural and archaeological heritage must be protected and it deserves to be singled out for a separate and independent ministry that looks after its affairs.

We must work to reveal more secrets of our ancestors and their civilization, as well as document thousands of archaeological sites and hundreds of thousands of artefacts on display in museums.

Egypt’s cultural heritage has made our history and is an important source of the country’s national revenue." (A-Ahram, via Aswat Masriya)

http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=362df155-752d-469d-bb74-6d9e643db5b5

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West Delta Water Conservation and Irrigation Rehabilitation Project (English)

Ratings for the West Delta Water Conservation and Irrigation Rehabilitation Project for Egypt were as follows: outcomes were not applicable; risk to development outcome was not applicable; Bank performance was unsatisfactory; and borrower performance was also unsatisfactory. The specific development objectives of the project were to achieve financial sustainability of irrigation infrastructure in the West Delta and to promote greater efficiency in the use of water resources established through a public-private partnership and farmer's participation. The project was approved by the Board on June 21 2007, but the loan agreement was not signed by the Government until September 1, 2008 and the project was declared effective on July 8, 2009. The loan became effective only in October 2009. The implementation schedule devised at appraisal (four years duration) turned out to be highly unrealistic. Prequalification of bidders: based on the Bank prequalification guidelines, a lengthy prequalification process was completed by the end of 2007. As a result of this process, five consortia were prequalified. International (French, Spanish, Italian and Chinese) and national contractors were amongst those prequalified. Despite the fact that two pre-bid conferences took place in March and May 2008, the first bidding exercise of August 2008 was not successful as none of the prequalified consortia submitted a bid. This was principally due to: (i) the payment risks were considered too high; (ii) the guarantees by the Government were not sufficient for the private sector in the demand risk was not sufficiently advanced to be satisfactory to the private sector. This was linked to the fact that Public Private Partnership (PPP) in construction and operation of large scale irrigation projects is uncommon worldwide, and the willingness of the private sector to assume the expected risks was limited. After the project was approved by the Government and declared effective in July 2009, the consortia expressed their continued interest in the project but indicated that they still considered that the payment / demand risk was too great. The risk was perceived as both political (political decisions might interfere with the companies' ability to collect water charges from the farmers), as well as a real credit risk (that farmers might default on their promised to pay the irrigation tariff due to unforeseen developments in the sector). (World Bank)

Plus (doc PDF) : http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/07/27/000386194_20120727021835/Rendered/PDF/NCO22210P087970C0disclosed070250120.pdf

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Some state security documents escaped destruction, officials say

Several high ranking state security officials did not follow former security chief Hassan Abdel Rahman order's to destroy sensitive documents during the 25 January revolution, according to new documents recently acquired by Al-Masry Al-Youm.

Forty-five officials, including Abdel Rahman, are currently awaiting trial on these charges.

According to the documents, officers said they feared that destroying the documents was a crime that would be punishable by law. Some officials hid the files in Port Said port, while others built cement walls at the doors of rooms where the files are kept.

Essam Fouad, the former head of state security in Alexandria, said that he had received a letter from Abdel Rahman demanding that all files marked “top secret” be destroyed. Fouad instead ordered soldiers to build cement walls blocking the rooms where these files were kept. (Egypt independent)

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/some-state-security-documents-escaped-destruction-officials-say

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U.S. defense chief to visit Egypt next week, meet Mursi

U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta will meet Egypt's new Islamist President Mohamed Mursi next week and hold talks with the country's top general during a trip to the Middle East and North Africa, the Pentagon said on Thursday.

Besides Egypt, Panetta will travel to Israel, Jordan and Tunisia next week, the Pentagon said without disclosing the dates of each visit.

Panetta's trip to Egypt comes on the heels of a mid-July visit there by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who also met Mursi and Egypt's top general, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi. Top on the agenda will be Egypt's turbulent democratic transition, which has seen the military wrestling for influence with the new president.

"The secretary is very much looking forward to meeting with senior Egyptian officials and to encourage them to continue the political transition that's taking place," said Pentagon spokesman George Little. "I wouldn't want to get too far ahead of the discussions, since they're taking place next week." (Reuters, via Chicago Tribune)

More : http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/sns-rt-us-usa-panetta-mideastbre86p1pj-20120726,0,7394123.story

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Égypte : Catherine Ashton salue la nomination du Premier ministre, une nouvelle étape dans la transition démocratique

Égypte : Catherine Ashton salue la nomination du Premier ministre, une nouvelle étape dans la transition démocratique | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
La nomination de Hesham Qandil au poste de Premier ministre représente une nouvelle étape dans la transition démocratique en Égypte. C'est ce qu'a indiqué aujourd'hui Catherine Ashton, la Haute représentante de l'UE pour les affaires étrangères, dans une déclaration.

«Je félicite Hesham Qandil pour sa nomination à la fonction de Premier ministre et lui souhaite bonne chance. Sa nomination constitue une nouvelle étape dans la transition démocratique du pays,» a-t-elle déclaré, ajoutant qu'elle se réjouissait de travailler avec lui et son nouveau gouvernement, «qui, j'en suis convaincue, sera un gouvernement d'ouverture, représentatif de la diversité égyptienne».

«L'UE est bien consciente des nombreux défis sociaux, politiques et économiques auxquels l'Égypte doit faire face. Comme je l'ai expliqué au Président Morsi [au Caire, la semaine dernière], nous sommes prêts à travailler avec lui et à apporter notre assistance – alors que son pays traverse un moment historique– et ce en étroit partenariat avec les nouvelles autorités démocratiques égyptiennes. » (EU Neighbourhood Info)

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Quelques niouzes de l'archéologie et des Antiquités égyptiennes (26 juillet 2012)

Quelques niouzes de l'archéologie et des Antiquités égyptiennes (26 juillet 2012) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

- “L’interface de la Grèce et de l’Égypte : relations, influences, identité”

- “21st Dynasty Mummification”, by Michelle HY Low

- “Golden Mummies : What Happened To The Indiana Jones Of Egypt ?”, by Andrew Burmon

- Manchester Museum : A statuette of the Apis bull

- First Dynasty funerary boat discovered at Egypt's Abu Rawash

- Yves Maneglia, spécialiste en nanoélectronique, expose sa théorie sur la construction des pyramides

http://egyptactus.blogspot.fr/2012/07/quelques-niouzes-de-larcheologie-et-des_26.html

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Le sport, une invention pharaonique

Le sport, une invention pharaonique | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Athlétisme, haltérophilie, boxe, gymnastique, aviron et autres disciplines font partie de la longue série des Jeux olympiques organisée tous les 4 ans. Les origines de ces disciplines sportives sont plus lointaines que ce qu’on pensait. Elles remontent à l’époque pharaonique, voire pour certaines à l’époque préhistorique. Le tir et l’athlétisme font partie de ces sports d’origine pharaonique. Ceci est clair dans les scènes qui figurent sur les parois des temples pharaoniques ou celles exprimées à travers les graffitis dans les grottes préhistoriques. (Doaa Elhami)

Suuite : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/arab/ahram/2012/7/25/voy0.htm

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Un groupe Facebook dédié à l'actualité égyptienne (en français)

Un groupe Facebook dédié à l'actualité égyptienne (en français) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A l'attention de celles et ceux qui ont un compte Facebook : si vous souhaitez suivre l'actualité égyptienne, tout en participant à une "mutualisation" de l'information, je vous invite à consulter la page du groupe "Egypte actus" et de devenir membre de ce groupe.

Le lien : https://www.facebook.com/groups/129286130545754/

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« On a réussi le combat contre l’ancien régime, il nous reste celui contre les islamistes »

« On a réussi le combat contre l’ancien régime, il nous reste celui contre les islamistes » | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Lauréat du prix d’Excellence de l’Etat, le poète Hassan Teleb s’intéresse au rôle des intellectuels pour faire face au danger islamiste pesant sur la liberté de création. (...)

"Nous vivons une période de régression dans l’histoire de l’Egypte, la liberté de l’artiste est en danger. Ces courants font de la religion un commerce, c’est une vague qui veut nous faire retourner au moyen-âge et à l’obscurantisme qui est l’ennemi de la pensée, de la liberté, de la femme ... Ces gens ne comprennent pas que la religion et l’esthétique incarnée dans toutes les formes d’art se nourrissaient l’une de l’autre à travers toute l’Histoire. Que l’art a de tout temps survécu malgré les tentatives des ignorants de le combattre, comme les poèmes d’Abou-Nawas qui vénérait l’alcool. Ils ne comprennent non plus que l’art vivra pour toujours malgré eux, comme les sculptures de Mahmoud Mokhtar, celle d’Isis aux seins nus ou autres. Que veulent-ils qu’on lui fasse, la couvrir d’un khimar ?! Elle ne sera pas Isis à ce moment-là." (Al-Ahram Hebdo)

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/arab/ahram/2012/7/25/idee1.htm

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Building a future for Egyptian street children

Building a future for Egyptian street children | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Omar struts around Tahrir Square wearing an Egyptian flag as a cape and a pair of shredded shorts as a hat. He says that he’s 12 years old and has lived in the streets near the downtown Cairo area for as long as he can remember.

Like many of Cairo’s street children, Omar protested along with the revolutionaries in Tahrir Square. He was attracted by free food, the companionship and sympathy of the protesters, and a chance to fight back against the Egyptian police, who are notorious for their abuse of street children.

Street children were also found on the other side of the conflict. Egyptian activists have accused security forces of recruiting street children to attack protesters and to cause havoc in Tahrir Square and other protest sites.

Many street children were arrested during the revolution and other protests during 2011 and 2012. Human Rights Watch (HRW) documented 43 cases of Egyptian minors being tried before military courts in 2012.

While Egyptians wait for tangible improvements to come to their country following the revolution, street children are among those in the direst need of change.

Over the last two decades, homeless children have become increasingly visible on the streets of Cairo. Estimates vary widely, but the World Health Organization (WHO) puts the number of Egyptian street children at over 1 million. As beggars and thieves, they are seen as a menace to society.

In 2003 the Egyptian government adopted a national strategy for the rehabilitation of street children and tasked the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) with implementation. The policy has been criticized for failing to lead to effective action and the number of street children continues to rise unabated.

Several local organizations and initiatives have appeared in recent years aiming to deal with street children as victims, rather than criminals.

On the outskirts of 6th of October City, a suburb of Cairo, children are found playing and learning at the Institute for Children at Risk, founded by Egyptian NGO Ana El Masry (I, the Egyptian). The organization works to rehabilitate “children at risk”, a broad categorization that includes parentless and homeless street children as well as those who do not enjoy a secure or nurturing family environment. (Eliot Benman/Your Middle east)

More : http://www.yourmiddleeast.com/features/building-a-future-for-egyptian-street-children_8212

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Tourism minister declines same post in new cabinet

Tourism minister declines same post in new cabinet | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Tourism Minister Mounir Fakhri Abdel Nour officially declined on Saturday joining the new ministerial formation in the same post.

Abdel Nour expressed his wish not to stay in post even before the new prime minister was named.

In a statement to the Middle East News Agency (MENA), Abdel Nour said he was asked by officials to nominate others to be in charge of the Ministry of Tourism during the coming phase, adding that he has already nominated two substitutes.

Abdel Nour expressed his wishes for newly-appointed PM Hisham Kandil to be able to form a harmonious national government that can achieve success.

He also emphasized the need to focus on the tourism sector and provide it with all means of success so that it returns to its distinguished standards that place Egypt in its rightful position.

Tourism is the major engine for the success of the Egyptian economy for its role in providing national income and income of foreign currency. (Aswat Masriya)

http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=bf6a7c18-aeb8-4f39-8b32-e777886e208c

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Film screening in Egyptian Museum cancelled due to sudden exorbitant fee

Egypt's Ministry of State for Antiquities requested the sum of LE22,000 from the producers of "Sound from the Hallways", a short experimental film which was due to be screened at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo on Friday.

According to a statement by Mostafa Youssef, the film's co-producer and line producer, after granting the film team with the permission to screen it in the museum two weeks ago, a ministry official only informed them of the fee on Thursday, on the eve of the Friday screening.

The film, a Danish-Egyptian co-production by the Copenhagen-based Kran Film Collective and the Cairo-based Seen Film, is an attempt to challenge notions of historicism as presented by the museum and the overall science of museology.

The image was filmed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, which is dubbed by the Kran Film Collective as "one of the most classic and visually dense and unique museums in the world."

"The screening at the museum was going to be so powerful. The film is a cross between a visual art piece and documentary and it would have been powerful to watch it in such a setting," Youssef told Egypt Independent.

The Danish Embassy in Egypt was negotiating with the ministry to get the permission to screen the film at the museum. According to Youssef, it seemed that the ministry deliberately hid the information about the fee probably to coerce the film producers to pay the money. (Egypt independent)

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/film-screening-egyptian-museum-cancelled-due-sudden-exorbitant-fee

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A dream for millions of Egyptian workers: A minimum wage

A dream for millions of Egyptian workers: A minimum wage | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egyptian workers will receive a minimum wage of LE1200 ($200) per month within three years as part of President Morsi's Renaissance Project, according to Ayman Sadeq, who was a Freedom and Justice Party member in the now-dissolved parliament.However, this is not the first time Egyptian workers in both the public and private sectors have been promised a living wage.

Egypt's interim government granted public servants a monthly minimum wage of LE700 ($120), in June 2011.

The minimum wage came into effect at the start of July, the beginning of the 2011-2012 financial year, but only permanent government workers benefited, not workers at state-owned companies or temporary workers. (Bassem Abo Alabass/Ahram Online)

More : http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/3/12/48780/Business/Economy/A-dream-for-millions-of-Egyptians-A-minimum-wage--.aspx

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U.S. defense chief to visit Egypt next week, meet Mursi

U.S. defense chief to visit Egypt next week, meet Mursi | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta will meet Egypt's new Islamist President Mohamed Mursi next week and hold talks with the country's top general during a trip to the Middle East and North Africa, the Pentagon said on Thursday.Besides Egypt, Panetta will travel to Israel, Jordan and Tunisia next week, the Pentagon said without disclosing the dates of each visit.

Panetta's trip to Egypt comes on the heels of a mid-July visit there by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who also met Mursi and Egypt's top general, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi. Top on the agenda will be Egypt's turbulent democratic transition, which has seen the military wrestling for influence with the new president.

"The secretary is very much looking forward to meeting with senior Egyptian officials and to encourage them to continue the political transition that's taking place," said Pentagon spokesman George Little. "I wouldn't want to get too far ahead of the discussions, since they're taking place next week."

In Israel and Jordan, Panetta will "engage close allies who share our concerns about Syria and Iran," Little said.

The United States said on Thursday it appeared that forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad were "lining up" for a massacre in the city of Aleppo, but again ruled out military intervention in the conflict.

Clinton visited Israel on July 16, saying the two countries were "on the same page" in their determination to prevent Iran from achieving what the West fears is its goal of building a nuclear bomb.

On Wednesday, Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak called for major powers to speed up efforts to stop Iran's nuclear program, cautioning it would be tougher to confront it once Tehran managed to cross an atomic threshold.

Israeli media interpreted Barak's comments as pushing for a possible Israeli strike against Iran, which denies pursuit of atomic weapons and says its nuclear program is peaceful. (Reporting by Phil Stewart and Missy Ryan; editing by Mohammad Zargham) (Reuters,via Aswat Masriya)

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Darrag: Freedom and Justice Party Did Not Speak of a Quota in New Government

Darrag: Freedom and Justice Party Did Not Speak of a Quota in New Government | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Dr. Amr Darrag, Secretary of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) in Giza and member of the party’s National Committee, denied that anyone has talked about a quota for the FJP in the new government.

He stressed that there was discussion regarding representation of the FJP in the government, without stipulating any specific share, because the fundamental criterion is technical capacity and expertise necessary for the government.

Dr. Darrag believes that President Mohamed Morsi chose Dr. Hesham Kandil for being an honorable and honest person who is also very professional, respectful and highly regarded.

Dr. Darrag said, "Dr. Hesham Kandil was a work colleague since he was in the National Council for Water Research. I noted in him integrity, honesty and diligence at work, in addition to his being a young person able to give. He is not at all affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood or any other group".

Dr. Darrag further said, "I had an adequate opportunity to observe Kandil’s capabilities and note his potential during a recent trip to Ethiopia. Dr. Morsi wants for prime minister a person with experience of government work who boasts great credibility and professionalism". (Ikhwan web)

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The Troubled Revolutionary Path in Egypt: A Return to the Basics

The Troubled Revolutionary Path in Egypt: A Return to the Basics | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
While many in Egypt are mourning the “death of the revolution” and the ensuing “military coup,” it is time to highlight, or re-highlight some points:

1- To talk about a military coup in June 2012 is to assume that Egypt was run by a civilian government since the toppling of Mubarak, which is completely farcical. The coup, more or less, has been in effect since 11 February 2011, when revolutionaries managed to overthrow Mubarak, and he was replaced by his handpicked army generals.

2- The military junta from the start of the “transitional process” has been in control, and are using all their constitutional, legal, and political weapons to shape the process, and they did nodeux torst hesitate to use bullets when their “soft power” failed. (Hossam Hamalawy/Midan Masr)

More : http://www.midanmasr.com/en/article.aspx?ArticleID=179

 

Important : cet article semble avoir été écrit entre les deux tours de l'élection présidentielle. Merci à Alain Guilleux pour ce rappel.

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New Egypt constitution to limit military's powers: Constituent Assembly spokesman

New Egypt constitution to limit military's powers: Constituent Assembly spokesman | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Wahid Abdel-Meguid, official spokesman for Egypt's Constituent Assembly (tasked with drafting a new constitution), said on Thursday that the military's constitutional authorities would be discussed at an upcoming meeting of the assembly's national security sub-committee. He did not provide a date, however, for the scheduled meeting.

General Mamdouh Shaheen, member of Egypt's Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), is expected to attend the meeting as the SCAF's representative to observe all constitutional articles related to the military.

According to Abdel-Meguid, the SCAF's authorities will be curtailed under the new constitution, which will give the military council partial – rather than absolute – independence from other branches of government.

Regarding the military budget, Abdel-Meguid confirmed that there was a trend inside the national security sub-committee that wanted to make the military budget the responsibility of a Council of National Defence, to be comprised of both military and civilian members.

Abdel-Meguid also pointed out that Egypt's Al-Azhar religious institution should also be made fully independent. He said that a full chapter of the new constitution would be devoted exclusively to Al-Azhar and the latter's relationship vis-a-vis the state.

He went on to deny that five articles of the new constitution had already been finalised, stressing that the Constituent Assembly had until 3 August to make proposals for new constitutional articles. (Ahram Online)

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Egypte : un professeur au coeur d’une polémique sur le hidjab

Egypte : un professeur au coeur d’une polémique sur le hidjab | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Le Cheikh Mustafa Mohamed Rached, grand professeur de la charia et du droit islamique à l’ université d’Al-Azhar en Egypte, est la cible de vives critiques .

Mr. Rached est au cœur d’une vive polémique depuis la parution de son doctorat. En effet, ce dernier soutient que « le hijab se réfère à la couverture de la tête » et n’est pas mentionné dans le Saint Coran.

La théorie de ce cheikh dénonce les défenseurs du hijab qui ont toujours avancé de « fausses preuves ». Ils « ont décontextualisé les versets du Coran et les ont interprétés selon leurs propres convictions, tout en suivant les anciens savants, comme si ce qu’ils avaient dit était sacré et, par conséquent, non soumis à l’ijtihad (jurisprudence) », a-t-il précisé.

Le verset dit : « Quand vous demandez quelque chose aux épouses du Prophète, faites-le derrière un voile. Vos cœurs et les leurs n’en seront que plus purs. Vous ne devez pas offenser l’Envoyé de Dieu ni épouser ses femmes après lui. Ce serait un énorme péché auprès de Dieu » (Al-Ahzab, 33-53).

« Le terme hijab est ensuite supposé être une séparation entre les épouses du prophète et ses compagnons », admet-il.

« Les défenseurs du hijab comme devoir islamique de base attribuent des significations différentes au voile, passant du hijab au khimar jusqu’au jalabib, ce qui montre qu’ils se sont écartés de la véritable signification qu’ils avaient l’intention d’aborder ».

La lecture du Coran proposée dans cette thèse continue de susciter une véritable controverse. De nombreux religieux égyptiens veulent la condamner.

Myriama Mokdahi/Algérie focus

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Deep read: Egypt's sharia conundrum

Deep read: Egypt's sharia conundrum | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
In decades of furtive meetings in tea houses, mosques and universities, members of Egypt's underground Muslim Brotherhood spoke ardently of a country governed by Islamic law. Now that their debates take place in Parliament and the presidential palace, they must decide how far to go in bringing it about.

Elections held since the fall of Hosni Mubarak have turned the once-banned Brotherhood and its allies into the dominant political force in the Arab world's most populous country.

That success has left the Brotherhood facing competing pressures – on the one hand, to satisfy the conservative Islamists who supported them at the polling station, while on the other hand to avoid conflict with secular-minded Egyptians and a potent military establishment that opposes radical change.

For now, the outcome appears to be a compromise, satisfying neither side entirely but avoiding major confrontation, with the aim of giving the Brotherhood the leeway to meet the needs of running a modern state. (Tamim Elyan, Tom Perry/Mail-Guardian)

More : http://mg.co.za/article/2012-07-25-17-deep-read-egypts-sharia-conundrum

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Egypte: la Suisse gèle de nouveaux fonds de Moubarak

Egypte: la Suisse gèle de nouveaux fonds de Moubarak | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
La Suisse a bloqué de nouveaux avoirs appartenant à l'ancien président égyptien Hosni Moubarak et à son entourage, qui s'élèvent désormais à près de 700 millions de dollars (576 millions d'euros)...
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Egypt’s New Prime Minister: An Unusual Suspect

Egypt’s New Prime Minister: An Unusual Suspect | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
A technocrat with no previous record of political activity, unaffiliated to any political current or faction. Calm and composed. A fan of the principles of the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), but not an actual member.Egypt’s elected president, the MB’s Mohammed Mursi, deemed these qualifications sufficient to name Irrigation Minister Hisham Qandil as his first prime minister. Another contributing factor appears to have been his beard. Qandil will thus be the first person to hold the post in a non-interim capacity since the January 25 revolution.

Everyone was surprised by the overnight elevation of Qandil to the second highest office in Egypt, despite his lack of political experience or expertise in economic or financial management. The 49-year-old, who is set to become country’s youngest ever prime minister, has spent his entire career working on irrigation and water-related issues.

But Mursi and the MB clearly thought it an advantageous choice. Qandil is little-known in Egyptian political circles, and almost completely unknown to the public at large. While nominally independent of the MB, his obvious religiosity is likely to appeal to its constituency and other religious conservatives. But he is no politician, and lacks the clout or capacity – other than in his own field of specialization – to develop and pursue his own detailed policy prescriptions. This could make him a handy front-man for the MB while it pulls the strings from behind the scenes. (Rana Mamdouh/alakhbar)

More : http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/egypts-new-prime-minister-unusual-suspect

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