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L'innocence des coptes d'Egypte

L'innocence des coptes d'Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

D'une certaine manière, la révolution en Egypte a profité aux coptes qui sont à peu près respectés par les Frères Musulmans. Alors aujourd’hui, lorsque la rue excitée par les fondamentalistes s’embrase à nouveau à cause d’un film stupide, ce sont les Coptes eux-mêmes qui cherchent à calmer le jeu pour préserver la paix relative qui s’est installé en Egypte entre coptes et musulmans ces derniers mois. Ainsi, le Pape par intérim de l'Eglise copte, Anba Pachomios, a dénoncé le film le propos du film Innocence of Mueslims : "Laissez-nous en paix, nous sommes capables de vivre sous la protection et avec l'amour des musulmans", a-t-il notamment déclaré. Cette candeur peut surprendre quand on sait la violence séculaire qui a dicté les rapports entre coptes et musulmans au fil des siècles, mais dans cette région du monde où les susceptibilités sont extraordinaires, elle est aussi la marque de l'intelligence politique millénaire de cette antique communauté. 

Plus : http://www.agoravox.fr/actualites/international/article/l-innocence-des-coptes-d-egypte-123562

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Egyptian Toes Likely to be the World’s Oldest Prosthetics

Egyptian Toes Likely to be the World’s Oldest Prosthetics | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The results of scientific tests using replicas of two ancient Egyptian artificial toes, including one that was found on the foot of a mummy, suggest that they’re likely to be the world’s first prosthetic body parts.

The University of Manchester researcher Dr Jacky Finch wanted to find out if a three part wood and leather toe dating from between 950 to 710 BC found on a female mummy buried near Luxor in Egypt, and the Greville Chester artificial toe from before 600 BC and made of cartonnage (a sort of papier maché mixture made using linen, glue and plaster), could be used as practical tools to help their owners to walk. Both display significant signs of wear and their design features also suggest they may have been more than cosmetic additions.

Dr Finch says: “Several experts have examined these objects and had suggested that they were the earliest prosthetic devices in existence. There are many instances of the ancient Egyptians creating false body parts for burial but the wear plus their design both suggest they were used by people to help them to walk. To try to prove this has been a complex and challenging process involving experts in not only Egyptian burial practices but also in prosthetic design and in computerized gait assessment.”

Dr Finch, who is based in the Faculty of Life Sciences’ KNH Centre for Biomedical Egyptology, recruited two volunteers who were both missing their right big toe. Design replicas of the ancient toes were made to fit each volunteer along with replica leather ancient Egyptian style sandals.

The tests were carried out at the Gait Laboratory at Salford University’s Centre for Rehabilitation and Human Performance Research. Each volunteer was asked to walk on a 10 metre walkway bare foot, in their own shoes and wearing the replicas with and without the sandals. Their movement was tracked using 10 special cameras and the pressure of their footsteps was measured using a special mat. The 10 best walking trials were recorded for each foot, using their normal left foot as the control.

It was surprising how well both volunteers were able to walk using these devices although one volunteer performed much better than the other. The camera footage revealed that when wearing the sandals with the cartonnage replica, one of the volunteers achieved 87% of the flexion achieved by their normal left toe. The three part wood and leather design producing nearly 78%. Interestingly the ability to push off using the prosthetic toe was not as good when this volunteer wasn’t wearing the sandals. The second volunteer was still able to produce between 60-63% flexion wearing the replicas with or without the sandals.

When wearing the replicas the pressure measurements showed that for both volunteers there were no overly high pressure points. This indicated that the false toes were not causing any undue discomfort or possible tissue damage. However, when the volunteers wore just the replica sandals without the false toes the pressure being applied under the foot rose sharply.

Dr Finch says: “The pressure data tells us that it would have been very difficult for an ancient Egyptian missing a big toe to walk normally wearing traditional sandals. They could of course remained bare foot or perhaps have worn some sort of sock or boot over the false toe, but our research suggests that wearing these false toes made walking in a sandal more comfortable.”

Alongside the test data Dr Finch also asked her volunteers to fill in a questionnaire about how they felt when doing the trials in the gait laboratory. Despite it having performed well the comfort scores for the cartonnage replica were disappointing although it was felt to be an excellent cosmetic replacement. Describing the performance of the three part wooden and leather toe both volunteers found this one to be extremely comfortable, scoring it highly, one volunteer commenting that with time he could get used to walking in it.

Assessing the volunteers’ experience Dr Finch said: “It was very encouraging that both volunteers were able to walk wearing the replicas. Now that we have the gait analysis data and volunteer feedback alongside the obvious signs of wear we can provide a more convincing argument that the original artefacts had some intended prosthetic function.

The findings from this study, which have been published in full in the Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, means the earliest known prosthetic is now more likely to come from ancient Egypt. The three part example pre-dates by some 400 years what is currently thought to be the oldest, although untested, prosthetic device. This is a bronze and wooden leg that was found in a Roman burial in Capua, Southern Italy. That has been dated to 300 BC although only a replica now remains as the original was destroyed in a bombing raid over London during the war. (The University of Manchester)


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Egypte : la nouvelle diplomatie selon Mohamed Morsi

Didier Billion, directeur des études de l'IRIS, répond à nos questions :
- Mohamed Morsi, en visite aux Etats-Unis, dit vouloir “réparer les relations avec les USA”, sans pour autant épargner la politique américaine menée dans le monde arabe. Ne prend-il pas des risques à jouer les équilibristes avec un pays qui reste son plus gros contributeur financier ?
- Quels sont les nouveaux traits de la diplomatie égyptienne? Sur quelle ligne souhaite-t-elle s’établir ?
- A quels enjeux l’Egypte est-elle confrontée aujourd’hui ?

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Egypt's political coalitions and new parties: A guide

Egypt's political coalitions and new parties: A guide | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Tahalof El-Umma El-Masriya (Coalition of the Egyptian Nation): Amr Moussa, Wafd Party President Sayed Badawi
A political alliance of an unspecified number of secular parties – including the Wafd, the Ghad, the Liberal Egyptians – would-be parties and public figures. The coalition’s parties have signed a vague “document of principles” which stresses the importance of a modern constitution guaranteeing national unity within a “civil” state based on democratic foundations.


El-Mo’tamar Party (The Conference): Amr Moussa (leader) and Ayman Nour (secretary general)

An attempt to forge a single party out of 20 smaller political groups. According to Moussa the Conference is part of the Coalition of the Egyptian Nation. Launched on 17 September at a five star hotel, by Monday 24 September nine parties had merged beneath the Conference umbrella. Another 14 parties are expected to follow “soon.” Moussa has reportedly met with former members of Hosni Mubarak’s ruling National Democratic Party and is quoted as saying he doesn’t mind fuloul (remnants of the regime) becoming members.


El-Tayar El-Shaa’bi (The Popular Current): Hamdeen Sabbahi

Neither an election coalition nor an alliance, ex-presidential candidate Sabbahi describes it as a “current” of “civil” i.e., secular, forces in society. The current’s central committee comprises of liberal, leftist and Nasserist figures who are already members of other political parties and whose ideologies are often conflicting. The only common ground appears to be a rejection of the Islamist current, specifically the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists.


Al-Tahalof Al-Dimocrati Al-thawri (Democratic Revolutionary Coalition)

Hastily announced, the Democratic Revolutionary Coalition lumped left-wing parties together without consulting them. As it stands the coalition comprises El-Istheraki El-Masri (Egyptian Socialist), El-Tahalof El-Shaabi (The Popular Coalition), Egyptian Communist Party, the Tagammu Party, the would-be Workers and Farmers Party, the Mina Daniel Movement and the largely unknown National Coalition Against Corruption.


Social Justice Coalition: Spokesperson Nasserist TV host Hussein Abdel-Ghani

An election coalition of “civil forces” comprising the left-wing El-Tahalof El-Shaabi (Popular Coalition), El-Ishteraki El-Masri (The Egyptian Socialist), the liberal Egyptian Social Democratic Party and Mohamed ElBaradei’s liberal Dostour Party.


The Nasserist’s initiative:

An attempt by several Nasserists to form a coalition. The Karama Party (Dignity Party, originally founded by Hamdein Sabahi who resigned from it last year), the Arab Nasserist Party, the would-be El-Mo’tamar El-Sha’abi El-‘Am (The General Popular Conference) and independent Nasserists met on 28 September at Gamal Abdel-Nasser’s mausoleum following the Friday prayer.


Hizb Masr El-Qaweya (Strong Egypt Party): Abdel-Moneim Abul-Fotouh

The candidate who came fourth in the first round of presidential elections is building on his campaign’s slightly left-leaning, centrist Islamist project to form the Strong Egypt Party which is expected to launch in mid-October.

The would-be party hasn’t joined any coalitions yet, though it has taken part in three meetings with the moderate Wassat Party, the Adl Party (Justice), the Reform and Development Party, Civilization Party and the would-be Egyptian Current Party and discussed a possible coalition.


The Dostour Party (Constitution): Mohamed El-Baradei

Though the co-founder of the party Nobel laureate Mohamed El-Baradei wasn’t present when the party’s papers to the authorities. El-Dostour is, nonetheless, widely viewed as the Baradeists political camp.

Key founders: Former culture minister Emad Abou Ghazi, former Kifaya (Enough) figure George Ishak, Ahmed Harara who lost both his eyes during the revolution, Salafi activist Mohamed Yousri Salama, ex El-Ghad party member Gamila Ismail, Nasserist legal expert Hossam Eissa.

Dostour has yet to join any wider political alliance


Hizb Masr (Egypt Party): Televangelist Amr Khaled

Preacher-turned-politician Amr Khaled says his party “isn’t political Islam” but “right at the centre”, between Islamist and liberal parties. It will target “youth” and focuson development work.

Khaled hopes to build on the success of his Life makers social development organization which has branches in Egypt, the UK and Morocco.


Hizb El-Umma (The Nation Party – Hazemoon): Supporters of disqualified presidential candidate Hazem Salah Abu-Ismail

Die-hard supporters of Salafist presidential candidate Hazem Salah Abu-Ismail are close to establishing their own political party. Since they took to the streets in April to protest Abu-Ismail’s disqualification from the presidential race on the grounds that his mother possesses a US passport (the presidential election law stipulated that both parents and spouses of a candidate have to be Egyptian), his supporters – a mix of salafis and religious Egyptians with no previous political affiliation – have demonstrated that the Salafist current is both numerous and nuanced.

Abu-Ismail has endorsed Hizb El-Umma without joining the party.

Observers say it could pose a challenge to the Salafist Nour Party which won 25 per cent of seats in the now-dissolved People’s Assembly but is currently mired in internal divisions.

This guide was published in Al-Ahram Weekly on 27 September 2012

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Minister: Dispute with Nile Basin countries does not prevent cooperation

Minister: Dispute with Nile Basin countries does not prevent cooperation | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation Mohamed Bahaa Eddin said on Tuesday that the dispute over the Entebbe agreement between the Nile Basin countries does not prevent cooperation between them.

The dispute between the upstream and downstream states can be resolved in the future through dialogue, he added.

Bahaa Eddin said at a press conference Tuesday that “preparations for the meeting of the Nile Basin countries to be held in Rwanda by the end of this month have been discussed, in addition to economic cooperation with the Nile Basin countries.”

The minister stressed that the Tripartite Commission — made up of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia — would meet on 8 October in Addis Ababa to discuss the effects of the Renaissance Dam in Ethiopia on both Egypt and Sudan. They will visit the dam site along with experts undertaking studies on the effects of building the dam on Egypt and Sudan.

President Mohamed Morsy visited Addis Ababa as the head of Egypt’s delegation at the African Summit in July.

Prime Minister Hesham Qandil will visit South Sudan next week to discuss joint cooperation, Bahaa Eddin said.

“There is a development project [being prepared] for the Nile Basin countries that costs about US$100 million,” Bahaa Eddin said. “Mega projects between Egypt and the Nile Basin countries will have international funding,” he added, noting that Qandil is discussing extending the route between Cairo and Khartoum to reach Addis Ababa, in order to increase commercial exchange.

Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania and Kenya signed the Entebbe agreement in April 2010, which stipulated the redistribution of Nile water. Egypt and Sudan had both boycotted the talks, and Egypt declared the agreement to be non-binding. Burundi joined in March 2011, making it more likely for the agreement to go into effect.

Egypt has said on a number of occasions that it will not accept an agreement about water redistribution that does not guarantee its historical rights. According to an agreement signed with Sudan in 1959, Egypt's share of Nile water is estimated at 51 billion square meters annually, while Sudan's share is estimated at 18 billion square meters.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egypt independent)

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«Les femmes de la Nouvelle Égypte» est le thème de la 5e édition du concours photo de l'UE en Égypte

«Les femmes de la Nouvelle Égypte» est le thème de la 5e édition du concours photo de l'UE en Égypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
La délégation de l'UE en Égypte a lancé son 5e concours photographique. Cette année, l'édition a été placée sous le thème «Les femmes de la nouvelle Égypte» en reconnaissance du rôle capital joué par les femmes dans ce pays en pleine mutation.

Le concours est ouvert à tous les photographes amateurs égyptiens. Ces derniers sont invités à exprimer leur vision des femmes de la nouvelle Égypte par le biais de photographies.

Les participants devront ainsi explorer les missions, valeurs, rôles, défis et réalisations accomplies par les femmes égyptiennes à l'heure de la nouvelle Égypte, suite à la révolution de 2011. Les photographes devront illustrer ce thème à l'aide de photos montrant des moments significatifs, des événements, des personnalités mais aussi des femmes ordinaires qui ont vécu et/ou contribué à la révolution du 25 janvier.

Grâce à ce cinquième concours photo, la délégation de l'UE en Égypte espère rassembler des photos qui, ensemble, vont permettre de capturer et refléter l'essence même des «femmes de la Nouvelle Égypte».

Le jury se composera de plusieurs personnalités et d'experts. Le lauréat du concours remportera un prix de 1 000 euros, le second recevra un appareil photo numérique SLR et le 3e gagnant se verra décerné le prix «Mohamed Hassan» de la meilleure photo journalistique : un appareil photo numérique SLR.

La date limite de soumission est fixée au vendredi 26 octobre 2012.

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The misery of Copts in Egypt, by Said Shehata

While it is not a new thing to suffer as a Copt, the raised expectations of better treatment after the revolution turned to be a big frustration. It is not simply about complaining; the goal of the article is to highlight the Copts’ plight and how to overcome those sufferings.

This article will highlight some recent incidents that support my argument of the Copts’ dilemma. It will also examine the weak reaction by the current regime, the lack of effort to seriously tackle those issues, and it will provide some suggestions for ways forward.

Bishoy Kameel, a Coptic teacher in Sohag, was sentenced to six years in prison for insulting Islam and defaming President Morsi on his Facebook page. This sentence was confirmed by an appeal court in Sohag, and the whole process happened in a matter of days.

Nageeb Gibrial, Bishoy’s lawyer, told me that the conditions of a fair trial did not exist because of intimidation by Salafists surrounding the court and inside it. Gibrial got permission from the Minister of Justice to transfer the trial to a court in Cairo but it was not implemented by the chairman of the appeal court in Sohag.

Bishoy was put in prison in July 2012. His lawyer presented evidence that the materials on his defendant’s Facebook page were not his, but the court did not consider this evidence.

The Salafists gathered outside the court building tried to attack Bishoy and shouted slogans such as "death to the infidel." They also threatened to burn Coptic houses and kill Bishoy's family if he was released. It is very difficult to expect justice in this intimidating atmosphere.

On the other hand, Abou Islam, who confessed to ripping up a Bible and who described Christianity in an interview with Al-Tahrir newspaper as a religion of infidels, was not detained. Eventually, however, he was put to trial, and his trial was then postponed, although his confession and video materials proved that he insulted Christianity.

If one looks at the two cases, it is obvious that there is discrimination against Christians, and some questions should be raised. Why did it take time to get Abou Islam before trial and a fast track trial for Bishoy? Why was Abou Islam not detained until the end of his trial? Why did Egyptian leaders such as President Morsi not condemn Abou Islam, as they did the producer of the anti-Islam film? It looks as if the rules were applied differently to the same offence because of religion.

The other incident is the forced displacement of Copts from Rafah, Sinai. There were threats from Islamist groups to Christians to leave Rafah. There were calls from the Church in Egypt for the government to take measures in order to protect Christians in Rafah.

The reaction of the government can be described as similar to the ousted regime of Mubarak. Hisham Qandeel, the prime minister, said that the nine Christian families who left Rafah did so of their own accord. He added: "We must uproot fear and provide all security measures to every citizen." However, there were in fact threats to Copts in Rafah and this was the main reason for their escape.

There are urgent steps that should be taken by the current regime to ease the pressure and sufferings of Copts in Egypt. First, equal treatment before law should apply to all Egyptians. There should be no double standards when it comes to insulting Islam and Christianity. Secondly, some lines should be drawn against the radical Islamists through laws, media and Al-Azhar University.

Moreover, an organised and well-thought out campaign to raise the awareness of Copts’ rights as equal citizens to other Egyptians is urgently needed, sooner rather than later. Finally, Christians are an important part of Egypt and there is no Egypt and no democratic Egypt without Copts beside Muslims.

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Exposition "Mémoire d'une révolution", par Denis Dailleux (photographe)

Exposition "Mémoire d'une révolution", par Denis Dailleux (photographe) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

ManifestO festival d'images

Toulouse, jusqu'au 07/10/12


Né en 1958 à Angers, Denis Dailleux vit actuel­le­ment au Caire. En 2000 il obtient le Prix World Press Photo et le Prix Hasselblad de la ville de Vevey, en 2001 le Prix Fujifilm du Festival Terre d’images à Biarritz. Denis Dailleux est repré­senté par l’Agence VU’ et la Galerie Camera Obscura.

Avec la déli­ca­tesse qui le carac­té­rise, il pra­ti­que une pho­to­gra­phie appa­rem­ment calme, incroya­ble­ment exi­geante, tra­ver­sée par des doutes per­ma­nents et mue par l’indis­pen­sa­ble rela­tion per­son­nelle qu’il va entre­te­nir avec ce - et ceux - qu’il va ins­tal­ler dans le carré de son appa­reil. Sa pas­sion pour les gens, pour les autres, l’a natu­rel­le­ment amené à déve­lop­per le por­trait comme mode de figu­ra­tion pri­vi­lé­gié de ceux dont il avait l’envie, le désir d’appro­cher davan­tage ce qu’ils étaient. Et il l’a fait, avec Catherine Deneuve comme avec des ano­ny­mes des quar­tiers popu­lai­res du Caire, avec cette même dis­cré­tion qui attend que l’autre lui donne ce qu’il espère, sans le reven­di­quer, en espé­rant que cela advien­dra. Alors, patiem­ment, il a cons­truit un por­trait inédit de la capi­tale de cette Egypte avec laquelle il entre­tient une rela­tion amou­reuse, voire pas­sion­nelle, pour mêler, entre des noirs et blancs au clas­si­cisme exem­plaire et des cou­leurs à la sub­ti­lité rare, une alter­na­tive abso­lue à tous les cli­chés, cultu­rels et tou­ris­ti­ques, qui encom­brent nos esprits


Denis Dailleux, "Mémoire d’une révo­lu­tion"

“Le 5 avril 2008, au Caire, je reçois un coup de fil d’un ami fran­çais : « Ne sors pas demain, il y a un appel à la grève via les réseaux sociaux ». Le len­de­main pour­tant, je sors, place Tahrir. Il n’y a aucun mani­fes­tant mais des poli­ciers par cen­tai­nes qui arrê­tent arbi­trai­re­ment des Égyptiens à la sortie du métro. Ils sèment la pani­que. Ce jour-là, la police entre­voit la pos­si­bi­lité d’une révolte, mais la révolte n’a pas lieu. Ce jour-là, je me dis que les égyptiens doi­vent res­sen­tir le devoir de mourir pour la Révolution.

Le 28 jan­vier 2011, vers 16 h, je me rends à nou­veau place Tahrir, avec un ami. En chemin, nous cons­ta­tons les traces des com­bats : des grilles arra­chées, le sol jonché de détri­tus et l’odeur du gaz lacry­mo­gène. Arrivés sur le pont Kasr el Nil, des jeunes gens cou­rent dans tous les sens, cer­tains por­tent des bles­sés. Je vois ces jeunes gar­çons dans la fleur de l’âge se moti­ver en criant pour trou­ver le cou­rage d’aller com­bat­tre des poli­ciers armés jusqu’aux dents. Eux n’ont dans les mains que des pier­res, cer­tains n’ont pour toute arme que leur rage. Nous ne le savons pas encore, mais au même moment, l’insur­rec­tion a lieu dans tout le Caire. Partout, des jeunes gens des­cen­dent pour expri­mer leur colère contre la police. Ils se joi­gnent aux mani­fes­tants. Ce ne sont pas des acti­vis­tes, mais de sim­ples citoyens. Un grand nombre d’entre eux sont abat­tus par les poli­ciers qui tirent depuis les toits.

Deux jours après, place Tahrir, les photos des mar­tyrs sont bran­dies par leurs amis. A cet ins­tant précis, je décide de rendre un jour hom­mage à ces jeunes héros égyptiens en pho­to­gra­phiant leurs parents et leur lieu de vie pour que les dis­pa­rus ne devien­nent pas des oubliés.”

Denis Dailleux

http://www.festival-manifesto.org/manifesto-2012-88/les-invites/les-10-invites-d-honneur/denis-dailleux.html ;

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استمرار فعاليات مؤتمر طيبة في الألفية الأولى قبل الميلاد بالاقصر

استمرار فعاليات مؤتمر  طيبة في الألفية الأولى قبل الميلاد  بالاقصر | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

بدأ في محافظة الأقصر بصعيد مصر، اليوم الإثنين، فعاليات مؤتمر "طيبة في الألفية الأولى قبل الميلاد" بمشاركة 200 من علماء المصريات من الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية وأوروبا.

يستمر المؤتمر أربعة أيام، وتنظمه البعثة الأثرية المصرية - الأمريكية العاملة في مشروع الحفاظ على منطقة آثار العساسيف الجنوبية غربي الأقصر، ويناقش المشاركون عددا من الأطروحات والمشروعات والمحاضرات حول ما تم العثور عليه من أساس جنائزي بتلك المناطق والملاحظات المعمارية بها والملامح العامة لمشروع الحفاظ على تلك المقابر.

وقالت رئيسة المؤتمر عالمة الآثار من أصل روسي الينا فيسكيكوفا إن مقابر وآثار منطقة جنوب العساسيف تعد من أكثر المناطق الغنية بالآثار وأنها تحوى عددا من أهم المقابر في المنطقة مثل منتو حتب مؤسس الدولة الوسطى والذي أسس الأقصر كعاصمة لمصر ومقابر حكام طيبة منتو محات وحارو وباباظا والكهنة كاراكامون وكراباسكن


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Egypte : l'armée et la police accusées de violations des droits de l'homme

Egypte : l'armée et la police accusées de violations des droits de l'homme | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Amnesty International a appelé mardi le président égyptien Mohamed Morsi à réformer en profondeur la police et l’armée, lors de la publication de deux rapports accusant ces institutions de graves violations des droits de l’Homme durant la période de transition sous direction militaire qui a suivi la chute de Hosni Moubarak début 2011.

Mohamed Morsi «doit saisir l’occasion historique de faire face au passé sanglant de la police et de l’armée, et de garantir que personne ne se place au-dessus des lois en Égypte» en entreprenant des «réformes majeures» dans ce domaine, écrit l’organisation de défense des droits de l’Homme dans un communiqué.

Dans ses rapports présentés au Caire, Amnesty International dénonce «les homicides illégaux, le recours excessif à la force, les actes de torture et autres mauvais traitements infligés aux manifestants, tant par les militaires que par les policiers» durant la période de 16 mois où le pays a été dirigé par le Conseil suprême des forces armées (CSFA), de février 2011 à la prise de fonctions de Mohamed Morsi en juin 2012.

Mohamed Morsi, issu des Frères musulmans et premier chef d’Etat démocratiquement élu du pays, est également le premier président égyptien à ne pas venir des rangs de l’armée. En août dernier, il a renforcé son pouvoir en mettant à la retraite le puissant ministre de la Défense et chef du CSFA, le maréchal Hussein Tantaoui, et en reprenant à son compte le pouvoir législatif que le conseil militaire s'était réservé.

Plus : http://www.liberation.fr/monde/2012/10/02/egypte-l-armee-et-la-police-accusees-de-violations-des-droits-de-l-homme_850318

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Egypt doctors begin strike in government hospitals

Egyptian doctors began a partial strike yesterday to demand better pay and working conditions, their syndicate said.
Doctors at 540 government hospitals have stopped work, but emergency and intensive-care units will continue to operate, it said. “The strike will be in about 540 public hospitals, which is equivalent to 40 percent of the health services provided to citizens around the country,” Khairy Abdel Dayem, the head of the doctors syndicate, told state media.
The strike will pile more pressure on the government which has been facing a series of state-employee actions across the country. The doctors are demanding salary raises and a 15 percent increase in the health budget.
Medical staff are also calling for more protection at hospitals, which have been the target of frequent attacks since security broke down after the uprising the toppled Hosni Mubarak in 2011. Representatives of the doctors union met last week with President Muhammad Mursi, but failed to agree on all the demands.
Long-running strikes, sit-ins and protests have been ongoing since the uprising, as many state employees struggle with more than one job in order to compensate for low salaries.
Labour protests and mass strikes played a large part in the uprising, but state employees in various sectors including education, transport and manufacturing say their grievances have not been properly addressed.

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Successes and failures in first 100 days, says presidential spokesperson

Successes and failures in first 100 days, says presidential spokesperson | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Presidential spokesperson Yasser Ali said Monday that President Mohamed Morsy will explain the successes and failures of the first 100 days to the people once they have passed.

Speaking at a press conference, Ali said, “We put 64 indicators in place to gauge our performance.” He added that some people were disappointed at the grievance bureaus due to the fact that many of the requests were for jobs or housing units, which require time to meet.

Morsy had pledged to improve security, solve traffic problems, ensure steady fuel supplies, improve the quality of subsidized bread and solve the problem of garbage collection within the first 100 days of his rule. While observers say hardly any of those five issues has been adequately addressed, Freedom and Justice Party leaders complain about red tape, which they say is a legacy of the regime of ousted President Hosni Mubarak.

According to “Morsy meter,” a page launched by activists on Facebook to gauge Morsy’s performance over the first 100 days of his term, Morsy managed to fulfill only four of a total of 64 pledges. Even though Morsy’s plan included solving the recurrent fuel crisis, fuel shortages continue to be reported in various places across the country.

In response to a question about the doctors' strike, Ali said the president had promised doctors to raise their salaries gradually, and to increase government expenditure on health.

“We suffered a deficit of LE170 billion last year and LE140 billion this year,” he said. “Many people have demands, while resources are limited. We need patience and harder work.”

With regard to the maximum wage for government employees, Ali said that it has been applied as of January 2012, as the finance minister confirmed more than once, at a rate 35 times the minimum. “It would be increased steadily, while the government would provide more resources for a better minimum wage,” he said.

The government in August of last year raised salaries from LE400 to LE700 a month (about US$117).

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm

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Egyptian Delta village declares 'independence' after decades of neglect

Egyptian Delta village declares 'independence' after decades of neglect | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Residents of Daqahliya's Tahsin village launch campaign of civil disobedience to demand desperately-needed infrastructure after years of isolation and neglect.

"All we ask for is a road to tie us to the rest of the world, to connect us to life," explains Ahmed Abdel-Qader, a local blacksmith from the isolated village of Tahsin in Egypt's Daqahliya governorate.
Abdel-Qader stressed the importance of the road to the some 3000 residents of the delta village that just over a week ago decided to launch a campaign of civil disobedience and declare independence from Daqahliya. (...)

Abdel-Meguid, a village elder, explained how the idea for launching a civil disobedience campaign had in fact been brewing since 2008. "At the time, however, we felt it was a great threat and were afraid of the Mubarak regime's notorious Central Security Forces," he asserted.

Several warning messages were sent to the governor in the first week of September, and an official announcement of intent to launch the strike was sent on 9 September. In addition, they also threatened to declare independence from the governorate if their demands were not met.

"We decided together that we would not pay taxes, we would not pay any of the electricity and water bills, and our agricultural yields would not be given to the [state] agricultural cooperatives," Abdel-Qader explained.

On Thursday, a group of village residents who work in Cairo protested outside the presidential palace. A few days before, several others went to the governor's office, demanding to meet Governor Salah Madawy.

"Governorate employees let us in, made us sit in a room and told us to wait until the governor had finished his meetings; we later realised they had locked us in. They later told us that he had left in an obvious attempt to avoid us," resident Magdi Fayed, 30, explained.

Around the same time that an official warning was sent to the governor, Fayed continued, residents declared a hunger strike at the nearby Bani Ebeid Hospital, where they demanded the right to medical care.

"We were also sent away and told that our fight was with the state authorities and not the hospital staff," explained Fayed.

A legal complaint was presented to Egypt's prosecutor-general on Thursday by their lawyer, Salah Mostafa Ibrahim, accusing Madawy of failing to fulfil his job requirements. (Nada El-Kouny)

More : http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/54436/Egypt/Politics-/Egyptian-Delta-village-declares-independence-after.aspx ;

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AEDE : Curso Egiptología 2012-2013

AEDE :  Curso Egiptología 2012-2013 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
FARAONES. La historia del Antiguo Egipto a través de sus reyes. del 26.10.2012 al 26.04.2013 30 horas lectivas.


Programa e inscripción pulsar aquí: http://www.aedeweb.com/assets/2012/10/Curso-de-Egiptolog%C3%ADa-2012.pdf

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3D Printing and Artifact Restoration

3D Printing and Artifact Restoration | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

3D printing is exactly what it sounds like—printing objects from computer code into three dimensions using plastic and other substances. Think of a regular inkjet printer. When you print out the letter “O” the print head puts down a layer of ink into a circular shape determined by the font loaded from software. But imagine now that instead of ink, the print head was laying down a plastic “O”, and instead of a single layer, imagine that it lays down layer upon layer. Now imagine that with each layer of the letter “O” the print head moved in just a little until, with the final layer of plastic, all the edges of the “O” would meet at a point. You no longer have a plastic “O,” you have literally printed out a small plastic dome.

That is how 3D printing works, and in the video below I show a 3D printer making a solar panel for a model of a satellite, and I also show a functional lock and key that were printed out. Pretty much anything you can design in CAD software, such as Dassault Systèmes’ Solidworks, can be printed out as a solid object using a 3D printer. So why not use 3D printing to restore and replicate artifacts?
Normally, artifact restoration is done by using clay or a similar modeling agent to fill in the missing spaces for the artifact. So let’s say you have a nice but smashed piece of redware which you want to restore. You have the base, some of the sides, and part of the rim—more than enough to fill in the gaps with clay to restore the original. But let’s say that instead of using clay, you create the model vessel in Solidworks and print it out on a 3D printer. The missing parts could be represented by white plastic that could be painted a neutral color to distinguish them from the original, and the actual pieces of the artifact could then be plugged into the missing spaces left in the model. Voila, you now have the restored piece.

More : http://emhotep.net/2012/10/02/vita-shemsi/living-in-louisville/3d-printing-and-artifact-restoration/

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En Egypte, séance d’exorcisme de musulmans par un prêtre copte

En Egypte, séance d’exorcisme de musulmans par un prêtre copte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

La communauté chrétienne copte d’Egypte, souvent décrite comme victime de l’écrasante majorité des musulmans (en témoigne le dernier épisode tragique du film anti-islam réalisé par un chrétien copte), montre ici un autre visage.

Au-delà de la singularité de la situation, ces exorcismes de musulmans constituent pour de nombreux coptes une démonstration de force de leur communauté.

Le Christ semble avoir béni le quartier des Zabbalines, ces chiffonniers pour la plupart chrétiens qui participent largement au ramassage des déchets du Caire. Il leur a offert une église aux dimensions vertigineuses, à la hauteur de leur foi. Taillée dans le roc et accrochée au flanc de la montagne du Mokattam, l’église Saint-Siméon se dresse, majestueuse, au beau milieu des ordures.

Chaque semaine, le lieu saint attire des pèlerins d’un genre particulier. Parmi les nombreux visiteurs, une majorité de musulmans – pour la plupart des femmes – viennent chercher à Saint-Siméon le repos de leur esprit. (...)

« Sors d’ici ! » ordonne le prêtre. « Sors de ce corps ! », assène-t-il en collant avec insistance l’imposante croix sur le front de la femme en sueur. Une succession de spasmes, et la femme semble s’apaiser. Elle se lève. Le pas tranquille, sous une nuée d’applaudissements et de chants à la gloire du Seigneur, elle se dirige vers l’estrade.

Cette scène quasi-cinématographique se répète inlassablement. Pendant près d’une heure, des hommes et des femmes, en grande partie musulmans, « crachent leurs démons » à la vue de la croix de l’homme de Dieu. (...)

Pour beaucoup de coptes, tel le jeune Macarious, rencontré à la sortie de l’église, si les musulmans viennent en nombre, c’est que les exorcismes du prêtre sont une preuve de la puissance de sa religion. Un commentaire qu’explique le spécialiste des chiffonniers du Caire, Gaétan du Roy :

« Pour les chrétiens d’Egypte qui se sentent menacés par l’islamisation croissante de la société, et dont le sentiment de mise à l’écart est de plus en plus présent depuis l’arrivée de Frères musulmans au pouvoir, ces démonstrations de force sont autant d’occasions de faire exister leur religion, surtout lorsque des musulmans viennent chercher la guérison dans leurs églises. »

Des musulmans qui s’en remettent au Christ pour guérir leurs maux, c’est l’illustration faite par ces exorcismes publics, qui ont été cependant de nombreuses fois décriés au sein de l’Eglise copte comme une dérive protestante. (Fatiha Temmouri/Rue 89)

Plus : http://www.rue89.com/2012/10/01/en-egypte-seance-dexorcisme-de-musulmans-par-un-pretre-copte-235646 ;

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Islamic finance to the rescue for the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation

By Noah Chasek-Macfoy


The Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC) will receive EGP14 billion in Islamic financing to settle overdue debts. The International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation (ITFC), a member of the Islamic Development Bank Group, signed a new agreement with state-owned EGPC on Monday to provide it with nearly US$235 million through an Islamic financing scheme.

The new funds come under a three year, US$1 billion framework agreement to fund petrol and strategic food commodities, signed by the Saudi-based ITFC and the Minister of Planning and International Cooperation earlier this year.

The Minister of Finance, Momtaz Saeed, said the loan would be guaranteed by the Egyptian Central Bank if the EGPC was unable to fulfil its financial commitments.

The cash infusion comes while Egypt is facing an ongoing shortage of petroleum products. The domestic gas crisis has led to hours-long waits at gasoline stations at various times this year. Shortages have driven up the price of household butane both officially and on the black market.

In the midst of the hardships, the EGPC is sinking under overdue financial obligations to international oil corporations operating within Egypt. Reports state that these unfulfilled commitments reach over US$4 billion. The EGPC has been forced to borrow to settle these overdue payments, for fear that large oil corporations like BP, which accounted for 40 per cent of Egypt’s total gas production in 2011, might cease operations in Egypt.

Islamic Finance has been a growing trend in Egypt following the ouster of former President Hosni Mubarak, the success of Islamic parties in parliamentary elections and the ascension of Mohamed Morsy to the presidency.

According to Emirati newspaper The National, the Muslim Brotherhood wants to boost the market share of Islamic banks to 35 per cent in five years, from five per cent now. As recently as this month, Prime Minister Hesham Qandil confirmed that Egypt would issue Shari’a sanctioned sukuk bonds within three months.

The EGPC has also reached out to non-Islamic fanciers to settle its dues. The Wall Street Journal reported that JPMorgan, Morgan Stanley and BNP Paribas have all issued loans to the company.

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Protest against "anti-women" article in draft constitution

Protest against "anti-women" article in draft constitution | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A large number of groups will stage a demonstration and hold a press conference on Tuesday evening in protest against a proposed constitutional article that puts women's equality at risk.

The demonstration will take place at 6 p.m. by the Shura Council (parliamentary upper house) where the constituent assembly, tasked with rewriting Egypt's constitution, convenes.

Participants fear that "Article 36" threatens women rights and conflicts with other articles of the long-awaited constitution.

The controversial draft clause suggests that the state will reinforce gender equality in all spheres but in accordance with the interpretations of Sharia (Islamic law).

Activists and rights groups fear that certain interpretations of Islamic texts may undermine women in one sphere or all, and thus oppose the proposed article.

The constitution-writing body is dominated by Islamists which some fear may attempt to mold Egypt's constitution to suit their purposes.

More : http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=885ef775-3b25-4782-b140-530932374938 

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Egypte - Le village qui menace de déclarer son indépendance

Egypte - Le village qui menace de déclarer son indépendance | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le village de Tahsin (3.000 habitants), dans le gouvernorat de Dakahleya, dans le Delta du Nil, au nord de l'Egypte, a menacé de déclarer son indépendance après avoir appelé à la désobéissance civile, a indiqué le site égyptien Al-Ahram.

Les habitants de Tahsin reprochent au pouvoir central égyptien d’avoir laissé se détériorer une situation déjà intolérable pour eux: leur isolement.

«Tout ce que nous demandons, c’est une route pour nous relier au reste du monde, pour nous relier à la vie» a expliqué ainsi Ahmed Abdel-Qader, forgeron de son état.

Comparant le village de Tahsin à un «cimetière», un habitant de 50 ans a tenu à expliquer que sa jeune fille de huit mois était paralysée des suites d’une forte fièvre. Le père n’a pas pu emmener à temps son enfant à l’hôpital faute de route digne de ce nom. Cinq cas de cet ordre sont à déplorer dans le village de Tahsin selon cet homme.

«Nous aimerions être en mesure d'avoir des ambulances, la police, les représentants du gouvernement et que des visiteurs viennent» a poursuivi Abdel-Qader le forgeron. Au lieu de ça, il explique que pendant l’hiver par exemple, ils sont comme «enfermés dans le village pendant des jours, incapables de partir. Personne ne peut y entrer non plus en raison des routes boueuses».

Pour contester, les habitants de Tashin ont décidé de passer à la vitesse supérieure: les promesses du gouverneur de Dakahleya n’y ont rien fait.

Ils réclament la construction d’une route, d’une unité médicale, et en règle générale, une amélioration significative de leurs conditions de vie, une réfection de leur mosquée ainsi que du réseau hydraulique.

Pour se faire entendre, les habitants ont décidé de mener différentes actions. Manifestation, grève de la faim, ils ont même porté plainte contre le gouverneur de Dakahleya Salah Madawy, accusé de ne pas avoir assumé ses responsabilités professionnelles.

Face au peu de réactions que ces actions ont suscité, les habitants de Tahsin ont menacé de déclarer l’indépendance de leur village. Le gouverneur de la province de Dakahleya leur a demandé de rester raisonnables. Les villageois en appellent désormais au secours de Mohamed Morsi, président de la République égyptienne.

(Slate Afrique)


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Amnesty International to Egypt: Stop 'bloody' legacy of repression

Amnesty International to Egypt: Stop 'bloody' legacy of repression | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Amnesty International sent a letter Tuesday to Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi urging him to stem the “bloody” legacy of state repression highlighted in two reports that detail killings, torture and sexual assaults that have shaken the nation since last year's uprising.

Egypt's new leader must pave the way for reforms in order to ensure accountability and transparency from the army and police, the group said, blaming security forces for atrocities against demonstrators over the past 20 months.

The first report, "Brutality Unpunished and Unchecked: Egypt’s Military Kills and Tortures Protesters with Impunity," described the killings of protesters by a military acting "above the law" during the army's hold on the government that ended when Morsi forced the resignations of top commanders in August.

The human rights group's research on military abuse examined the deaths of 27 mainly Coptic Christian protesters killed outside Maspero, the state’s television headquarters, in October 2011. It also focused on the deaths of 17 protesters outside Egypt's Cabinet in December 2011, as well as the May 2012 Abbaseya sit-in near the Defense Ministry in Cairo where 12 people were killed.

Amnesty International found that protesters were severely beaten, sexually threatened and struck by live ammunition.

“Unless the soldiers responsible for killing, maiming and abusing protesters are put on trial in front of an independent, civilian court, there is no hope that the victims will see justice or that soldiers will fear punishment if they repeat such crimes,” Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, deputy director of the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty International, said in a news statement.

More : http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/world_now/2012/10/amnesty-international-urges-egypt-to-stop-bloody-legacy-of-police-army-repression-.html ;

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Egypt Opens Two Ancient Tombs

Two ancient tombs in Egypt were reopened on Thursday after extensive renovations.

The two tombs - "Serapeum" and "Akhethotep Ptahhotep" - had undergone ten years of renovation, with an estimated cost of 2 million U.S. dollars.

The tomb of Serapeum was discovered by archaeologist Auguste Mariette in 1851.

Its significance lies in the sarcophagus of the bull 'Apis', which pharaohs considered sacred.

[Mohamed Ibrahim, Egypt Minister of Antiquities]:
"We have finished two tombs. Perhaps in the next week we are going to open about five tombs in Giza which were restored also and after that we will go to the new valley, we restored another great temple there - the temple of Hebes - so we are waiting. But our problem nowadays is the economy, you know, because of the economic situation, we have a shortage of money nowadays."

Last year's uprising has hit the country's tourism.

During the 18 days of protests in 2011 that toppled former President Hosni Mubarak, tourists fled the country and have since then only trickled back.

Tourism accounted for around 10 percent of Egypt's economy before last year's uprising.

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مصر تبدي استعدادها لإرسال خبراء آثار لتقييم حجم الأضرار بحلب

مصر تبدي استعدادها لإرسال خبراء آثار لتقييم حجم الأضرار بحلب | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

علنت وزارة الدولة لشؤون الآثار في مصر استعدادها لإرسال خبراء مصريين لتقييم حجم الأضرار التي تعرضت لها مدينة حلب أكبر المدن السورية والتي أدرجت ضمن قائمة التراث العالمي عام 1986 واختيرت عاصمة للثقافة الإسلامية لعام 2006.
واندلعت النيران يوم السبت الماضي في مئات المتاجر في السوق المسقوفة بمدينة حلب القديمة حيث يدور قتال بين مقاتلي المعارضة وقوات الحكومة بشكل يهدد بتدمير موقع تاريخي مسجل في منظمة الأمم المتحدة للتربية والعلم والثقافة (يونسكو).
وقال وزير الدولة لشؤون الآثار المصري محمد إبراهيم في اجتماع طارئ دعت إليه المنظمة الإسلامية للتربية والعلوم والثقافة (إيسيسكو) لبحث سبل حماية التراث الحضاري السوري، إن ما يحدث في سوريا من “نهب مستمر للممتلكات الثقافية وسلبها.. يعيد تكرار المشهد المأساوي في العراق” في إشارة إلى نهب كثير من القطع الأثرية العراقية عقب الاحتلال الأمريكي للبلاد عام 2003.



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La construction des pyramides d'Egypte, selon Michel Michel

La construction des pyramides d'Egypte, selon Michel Michel | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Une hypothèse inédite de construction des pyramides d’Egypte comme celle de Khéops (Chéops), conforme aux observations et aisément vérifiable.

Les divers niveaux de dégradation des pyramides attestent que toutes les pyramides lisses possèdent une structure constituée:

d’une enceinte en forme de pyramide à degrés, faite de blocs calibrés locaux non ravalés (A),
contenant une maçonnerie de remplissage hétérogène constituée de gros moellons, de débris de taille, de sable, de mortier … (B).
Sur cette structure à degrés initiale, une maçonnerie complémentaire faite de blocs calibrés locaux non ravalés (C),
permet la pose d’un revêtement finement ravalé en calcaire de haute qualité et/ou en granite (D):

La méthode la plus simple et la plus économique pour édifier la structure interne initiale à degrés consiste à utiliser des rampes disposées comme ci-dessous, sur lesquelles on tirera des traîneaux chargés de pierres.

(communiqué de presse)

Plus : http://www.communique-gratuit.com/general-indefinie/construction-des-pyramides-degypte.html


présentation PowerPoint : http://perso.orange.fr/nicole.michel/construction/LES%20GRANDES%20PYRAMIDES_fr.ppt

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Egypt making the housing shortfall a priority

Egypt making the housing shortfall a priority | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

For many years, one of the greatest challenges Egypt has faced has been providing housing for its growing, youthful population. Indeed, the lack of decent housing for those in the lower- to middle-income bracket is thought to have been one of the triggers of last year’s revolution. The newly installed government, headed by Mohammad Morsy, is likely to make the housing shortfall a priority, Global Arab Network reports according to OBG.

Estimates of Egypt’s housing shortage vary but all agree that it is large, with most assessments putting the figure between 1m and 1.5m units. According to Mohamed El Mikawi, the managing director of Al Futtaim Group Real Estate in Egypt, demand is growing by around 300,000 units per year.

Egypt’s population is not only the largest in the Arab world, it is also growing quickly, at a rate topping 1.5%, according to the World Bank. Almost 40% of the population is under the age of 18, so long-term demand for new units is assured. Marriages, which also provide a useful indicator for gauging demand, paint an encouraging forecast for the coming years, with more than 860,000 new marriages in 2011 alone. This helps provide a rosy long-term outlook but equally increases pressure on providing short-term and immediate solutions to stem a rise in illegal construction.

According to an August report by US-headquartered Jones Lang LaSalle (JLL), a real estate services firm, “the need to provide more affordable housing is ensuring that significant levels of new supply remain under construction”. In recent years, developers have been shifting their attention from the top end of the market, where demand has slowed and supply has noticeably outstripped sales, to the low- to middle-income segment, where margins are tighter but where sales are virtually guaranteed. This shift from luxury villas to modest apartments has long been anticipated but the challenge has been encouraging private developers to take on affordable housing projects.

More : http://www.english.globalarabnetwork.com/2012100112590/Real-Estate/egypt-making-the-housing-shortfall-a-priority.html ;

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The dissolved parliament will not come back

The dissolved parliament will not come back | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Vice President Mahmoud Mekki said that the dissolved People's Assembly will not come back, and that everyone should be concerned with the upcoming elections.

Mekki said, in a statement reported by the Middle East News Agency today after a meeting with newspaper editors, that the tensions in the Egyptian society is the product of a political conflict that has distorted the beautiful synergy that we have witnessed in the first days of the revolution in Tahrir square.

Mekki listened to the questions and fears of the editors who represented all national and private newspapers as well as the Egyptian television. They expressed the feeling of the average citizens that there was no real change in their daily lives. They also articulated their apprehension of the incursion of political Islam and the attempts to limit freedoms and stifle opposition journalists.

Mekki stressed that he understands the legitimate concerns. He also believes that a starting point would be to admit that there is a crisis in trust that is not one-sided.

He explained that his main task is to manage the national dialogue and open channels of communication with all political forces. Also he aims at ensuring the protection of rights and freedoms as well as the legislative system, which opens the way for real democratic dialogue and the protection of rights and freedoms for all.

Mekki considered the national dialogue as the ultimate priority and said, "If we had started with writing the constitution and then the presidential elections and then parliamentary, we would have been in a much better position, that did not happen for reasons that I do not want to get into now".

Mahmoud Mekki met with a number of editors of national newspapers today (Monday) for a period of three hours.

Dr. Yasser Ali, presidential spokesman, said in a statement on his Facebook account today that it was agreed today to hold meetings on a regular basis, as a conduit communicating with the Egyptian press that would guarantee transparent access to information. (Aswat Masriya)

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