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Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Erian chosen as majority leader in Shura Council

Erian chosen as majority leader in Shura Council | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Essam al-Erian has been selected as the leader of the majority in the Shura Council, replacing Ali Fath al-Bab, sources told Al-Masry Al-Youm on Thursday.

Erian, vice president of the Freedom and Justice Party and President Mohamed Morsy’s adviser, was selected by the FJP’s palriamentary body. Sources said that although Fath al-Bab was doing well, Erian’s parliamentary experience and his role in the drafting of the new Constitution make him more eligible to lead the majority.

The head of the council’s legislative committee should be a legal expert, such as Hussein Hassaan or Gamal Gibril, the sources said. The Freedom and Justice Party would not insist on one if its members heading up that committee, they added.

Under the new Constitution, which was passed by 64 percent in the national referendum, the Shura Council — the upper house of Parliament — will hold legislative powers until the House of Representatives — the lower chamber — is elected in the next two months.

The Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamist parties occupy the majority of seats on the council.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egypt independent)

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Heracleion in contex : The maritime economy of the Egyptian Late Period

Heracleion in contex  : The maritime economy of the Egyptian Late Period | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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15-17 March 2013, The Queen’s College, University of Oxford 

The purpose of this symposium is to explore the maritime trading economy of the Egyptian port of Thonis-Heracleion during the Late Period and place it within the wider context of maritime trade at this time. Thonis-Heracleion was the gateway to Egypt, the obligatory port of entry and customs point. It was a vital node in the trading network of the eastern Mediterranean through which goods flowed into and out of Egypt. The port and its harbour basins contain a remarkable collection of evidence for the maritime trading economy including customs decrees, trading weights, coin production as well as the remains of sixty-four ancient shipwrecks. These are set within a detailed understanding of the topography of the port-city, which has been investigated by European Institute for Underwater Archaeology under the overall direction of Franck Goddio. The symposium will present the latest work of scholars working on the excavation and post-excavation of Thonis-Heracleion and will contextualise this through a series of wider ranging studies that examine the developing role of the port within the wider maritime trading economies of the Egyptian Late Period.

Sessions

Maritime trade in the Late Period

The organisation of maritime trade

Trade goods

Watercraft from Thonis-Heracleion

 

http://www.arch.ox.ac.uk/heracleion-conference.html

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Moussa urges FJP to approve his initiative

Moussa urges FJP to approve his initiative | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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Head of the Conference Party Amr Moussa urged on Thursday the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) to approve the initiative he proposed and discuss it.

Moussa, member of the National Salvation Front, had proposed a political initiative that reflects the front's spirit.

The initiative consists of five items which are creating a political truce between the front and the presidency, forming a one-year emergency government headed by President Mohamed Mursi and comprising all political factions, maintaining security while backing the right to demonstrate peacefully, reveal the true economic situation to the people, and form a committe of constitution experts to review the disputed articles in the newly approved constitution and present them to the emergency government.

In a statement the Middle East News Agency (MENA) reported, Moussa called for resuming work at suspended factories and restart the economy to get out of the current impasse. (Aswat Masriya)

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Égypte : les leaders de l'opposition laïque visés par une enquête

Égypte : les leaders de l'opposition laïque visés par une enquête | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
El Baradei, Amr Moussa et Hamdeen Sabbahi sont accusés d'avoir incité au renversement du président islamiste Mohamed Morsi.
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Le procureur général égyptien, Talaat Abdallah, a demandé jeudi qu'une enquête soit ouverte à l'encontre des trois principaux chefs de l'opposition laïque. Ils sont accusés d'avoir incité au renversement du président islamiste Mohamed Morsi, a-t-on appris de source judiciaire. Sont visés le Prix Nobel de la paix et ancien chef de l'agence nucléaire de l'ONU, Mohamed El Baradei, l'ancien patron de la Ligue arabe, Amr Moussa, et le leader de la gauche nationaliste, Hamdeen Sabbahi. Moussa et Sabbahi ont été candidats à la présidentielle de juin contre Mohamed Morsi.

Le procureur général, nommé par Morsi il y a quelques semaines, a demandé au ministre de la Justice, Ahmed Mekki, de nommer un juge d'instruction pour enquêter sur des accusations d'"incitation au renversement du régime" portées contre les trois opposants par un membre du Syndicat des avocats, Me Hamed al-Sayyed. Ce type d'enquête peut, si les accusations sont jugées fondées, mener à des inculpations et à un procès.

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Egypte : démission d'un nouveau ministre

International : Egypte : démission d'un nouveau ministre - - Europe1.fr
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Mohamed Mahsoub, secrétaire d'Etat aux Affaires parlementaires, a annoncé jeudi sa démission du gouvernement égyptien, au lendemain de l'annonce par le président islamiste Mohamed Morsi d'un remaniement pour faire face à la crise économique.

Dans un courrier publié sur internet, M. Mahsoub, numéro deux du parti islamiste modéré Wasat, a évoqué "de nombreuses politiques et actions qui contredisent (ses) convictions personnelles" et critiqué l'incapacité du gouvernement à récupérer les fonds détournés par les cadres de l'ancien régime.

Sa démission intervient deux jours après l'annonce de celle du ministre des Communications, Hany Mahmoud, qui avait expliqué mardi n'avoir pu s'adapter "à la culture du travail gouvernemental, surtout dans le cadre de la situation actuelle du pays". (Europe 1)

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Church representative resigns from Shura Council

Church representative resigns from Shura Council | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Shura Council member recently appointed to represent the Evangelical Church resigned Thursday, citing concerns the upper house of Parliament is dominated by Islamists.

Nadia Henry was one of the 90 members chosen by President Mohamed Morsy to serve on the 270-seat council, the rest of which is elected by the public.

Henry said that one-third of the president's recent appointments are Islamists, which does not ensure appropriate representation for the rest of society.

"I was honored to be among the 90 MPs appointed to the Shura Council by President Mohamed Morsy," Henry said in the resignation letter she submitted to Shura Council Speaker Ahmed Fahmy. "As I am willing to give effort, time and all that is precious to take the country out of its crisis, I accepted this great honor as soon as I heard that the 90 appointed members were originally meant to create the required balance between representatives of all Egyptian people in the respected council."

Henry offered her apologies, saying, "I cannot accept that title, [representative] of people, under the domination of 88 percent of the seats and votes of the respected Shura Council by a single faction, although it is supposed to represent all spectrums of the Egyptian society."

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Deux inédits de l’égyptologue Edouard Naville paraissent

Deux inédits de l’égyptologue Edouard Naville paraissent | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

«Voyage en Egypte» et «Histoire de l’égyptologie» d’Edouard Naville, Cahiers de la Société d’Egyptologie, coédité avec le Musée d’art et d’histoire, 200 pages.

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Extraits

Il a beau avoir quitté ce monde en 1944, lui qui a tant étudié «Le livre des morts». Edouard Naville n’en demeure pas THE égyptologue suisse. Il semble donc logique que le onzième volume des «Cahiers de la Société d’Egyptologie» comprenne deux inédits du Genevois. «Voyage en Egypte» raconte sa première approche matérielle du pays en 1868-1869, alors que l’homme avait 24 ans. «Histoire de l’égyptologie» (1892) reprend les premiers cours que le professeur prononça, à l’Université, dans la chaire créée pour lui fin 1891.

Responsable des collections pharaoniques du Musée d’art et d’histoire (MAH), Jean-Luc Chappaz remet ces écrits en situation. L’affaire a commencé en 2004. Le MAH présentait alors la nouvelle salle consacrée à ses collections, enrichies entre autres par Edouard Naville. «Durant les discours, on pouvait remarquer la présence dans le public d’un homme élégamment vêtu qui tenait un épais classeur sous le bras, accessoire peu habituel dans ce genre de cérémonies.» Il s’agissait de Jean-Frédéric Naville, président de la Fondation Naville. L’homme voulait remettre à cette occasion des photocopies du journal de son ancêtre, ainsi que des lettres de son arrière-grand-mère. Marguerite de Pourtalès, qui restait pour ses contemporains Madame Edouard Naville, collaborait en effet de près à l’œuvre de son mari.

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EGYPTE: Les pauvres, principales victimes des tensions politiques persistantes

EGYPTE: Les pauvres, principales victimes des tensions politiques persistantes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Pour la première fois depuis plusieurs mois, Hussein Mohamed, un fonctionnaire de 50 ans qui habite dans le quartier d’Imbaba dans le gouvernorat de Gizeh, au nord du Caire, a dit à sa femme qu’il ne pouvait plus nourrir la famille.
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Extraits

Jusqu’à présent, M. Mohamed s’en sortait avec son maigre salaire, mais face à l’envolée des prix des produits alimentaires, il a de plus en plus de mal à joindre les deux bouts.

« J’ai du mal à dire que je ne peux pas nourrir ma famille, mais c’est la réalité », a dit à IRIN M. Mohamed, un administrateur de l’université du Caire. « Je suis très fatigué et je sens que je ne tiendrai pas longtemps ».

Les prix des produits alimentaires ont augmenté de 5,3 pour cent entre novembre 2011 et novembre 2012, et selon les vendeurs, les prix de produits de base, comme les oignons, le riz et les pâtes, ont doublé depuis l’été.

Comme M. Mohamed, des millions d’Égyptiens apprennent une leçon douloureuse : ils sont les premières victimes des tensions politiques persistantes et de leurs répercussions économiques.

L’Égypte est entrée dans une nouvelle phase d’instabilité politique et sécuritaire le 22 novembre, lorsque Mohamed Morsi, le premier président élu démocratiquement, a signé un décret interdisant tout examen en justice de ses décisions. Les tensions ont persisté, alors que des millions d’Égyptiens se prononçaient sur un projet de constitution contesté ce mois-ci.

« La sécurité alimentaire des Égyptiens est menacée », a dit à IRIN Rashad Abdo, professeur d’économie à l’université du Caire. « Notre pays importe une grande partie de ses produits alimentaires. Mais notre réserve de devises – qui permettent d’acheter de la nourriture aux autres pays – est au plus bas ».

La réserve de devises de l’Égypte a atteint 15 milliards de dollars à la fin du mois de novembre, alors qu’elle s’élevait à 36,1 milliards de dollars avant le soulèvement populaire qui a provoqué la chute de l’ancien président Hosni Moubarak au début de l’année 2011.

Des économistes, comme M. Abdo, indiquent que ces réserves permettront au gouvernement d’acheter des produits alimentaires pendant trois mois seulement.

« Cela veut dire que notre pays se dirige au mieux vers une crise économique et au pire vers la banqueroute et la famine », a-t-il dit.

La semaine dernière, le gouvernement a confirmé qu’il achèterait 180 000 tonnes de blé aux États-Unis - être l’un des plus importants pays importateurs de blé exerce une pression sur les réserves.

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Islamist parties consider running for Parliament on one list

Islamist parties consider running for Parliament on one list | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Islamist parties are considering putting forth one list of candidates to run in the next parliamentary elections to counter the National Salvation Front’s coalition of liberal and secular forces, Islamist partisan sources said Wednesday.

The Islamist parties are discussing a new electoral alliance in an effort to win a majority in the House of Representatives, the newly renamed lower house of Parliament, the sources told Al-Masry Al-Youm on condition of anonymity.  

They added that there will be coordination between the Salafi-oriented Nour and Asala parties, the Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party and Jama’a al-Islamiya’s Construction and Development Party.

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EGYPTE. "L'opposition peut limiter les dégâts lors des législatives"

EGYPTE. "L'opposition peut limiter les dégâts lors des législatives" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
L'opposition conteste les résultats du référendum sur la Constitution. Mais les législatives approchent. Interview du spécialiste Clément Steuer.
Egypt-actus's insight:

Extraits

 

Cette opposition dit malgré tout se préparer aux élections législatives qui découlent directement de l'adoption de cette Constitution. N'est ce pas contradictoire de se battre sur ces deux fronts ?


- La Constitution validée, il ne reste plus que deux mois avant les prochaines élections législatives. L'intérêt de l'opposition est d'obtenir une minorité de blocage, puisque la nouvelle Constitution prévoit que pour les amendements à venir de la Constitution, il faudra une majorité des deux-tiers. Aux dernières législatives, les islamistes ont obtenu 70% des sièges. L'opposition doit faire mieux que la dernière fois pour empêcher le courant islamiste d'avoir un droit de modifier à l'avenir la Constitution.

 

L'opposition peut-elle se fissurer d'ici aux élections législatives ?


- C'est possible car il y a des intérêts assez divergents. Le FNS est un front assez large qui regroupe des libéraux, des socialistes, y compris Amr Moussa qui est considéré comme lié à l'ancien régime, de vieux partis qui étaient dans l'opposition sous Hosni Moubarak comme le parti nassérien, de nouvelles forces politiques comme le courant populaire de Hamdeen Sabbahi qui n'existait même pas lors des dernières élections.

Les appétits des candidats locaux sont tellement forts qu'il arrive même que deux membres du même parti se présentent l'un contre l'autre. Il n'y a pas encore de discipline de parti à ce niveau-là. On a même annoncé un parti à l'intérieur du front.

Cependant, il existe quand même une coordination entre les différents éléments du front pour éviter de trop se marcher sur les pieds. Si je ne crois pas vraiment à une candidature unique dans chaque circonscription, ils peuvent limiter les dégâts.

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Egypte, résultat du référendum sur la Constitution

Egypte, résultat du référendum sur la Constitution | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Déclaration du porte-parole du ministère des Affaires étrangères (France)

 

25 décembre 2012

Nous prenons note des résultats du référendum constitutionnel en Égypte tels que proclamés hier soir par la Commission électorale. Nous saluons l’attitude du peuple égyptien qui a permis un déroulement dans le calme de ce scrutin.

Les dernières semaines ont été marquées par de fortes tensions en Égypte, par des incompréhensions majeures et par des dénonciations d’irrégularités au cours d’un référendum marqué par un faible taux de participation.

Alors qu’une nouvelle phase s’ouvre en Égypte, un seul objectif doit guider tous les acteurs politiques : faire en sorte que la transition politique repose sur le dialogue et la recherche du compromis dans l’intérêt et le respect de tous les Égyptiens et de toutes les Égyptiennes. Le respect de l’État de droit, des principes démocratiques, de l’égalité de tous les citoyens, des droits des minorités et de la transparence du processus électoral sont des éléments essentiels, sur lesquels la France sera vigilante.

Face aux inquiétudes exprimées, il appartient à tous les acteurs politiques et, en premier lieu, au président Morsi de travailler afin de rétablir le consensus dans la société égyptienne.

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Egypt's president calls for dialogue after disputed charter passed, proclaims new republic

Egypt's Islamist president proclaimed the country's newly adopted constitutionas the dawning of a "new republic" in a television address Wednesday, calling on the opposition to join a dialogue with him after a month of violent turmoil and focus on repairing a damaged economy.

Mohammed Morsi sought to present the Islamist-drafter charter as the turning of a historic page for Egypt, but his speech did little to ease the suspicions of those who fear he and his Muslim Brotherhood are entrenching their power. He offered no concrete gestures to an opposition that has so far rejected his dialogue and vowed to fight the constitution.

Instead, with a triumphalist tone, he presented the constitution, which was approved by nearly 64 per cent of voters in a referendum that ended last weekend, as creating a democracy with balanced powers between branches of government and political freedoms.

"We don't want to return to an era of one opinion and fake, manufactured majorities. The maturity and consciousness (of voters) heralds that Egypt has set on a path of democracy with no return," Morsi said. "Regardless of the results, for the sake of building the nation, efforts must unite. There is no alternative to a dialogue that is now a necessity."

The opposition says the constitution allows a dictatorship of the majority — which Islamists have won with repeated election victories the past two years. It says the charter's provisions for greater implementation of Islamic law, or Shariah, would allow Islamists who hold the presidency and overwhelmingly dominate the temporary legislature to restrict civil rights and limit the freedoms of minorities and women.

Opponents also say the low turnout in the referendum, just under 33 per cent, undermines the document's legitimacy.

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Egypt Divided as New Constitution Takes Effect

Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi signed into law a highly-debated Islamist-backed constitution. Margaret Warner reports.
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Art du jeu, jeu dans l'art, de Babylone à l'Occident médiéval

Art du jeu, jeu dans l'art, de Babylone à l'Occident médiéval | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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Musée de Cluny
Musée national du Moyen Âge
6, place Paul Painlevé
75005 Paris

Jusqu'au 4 mars 2013

 

Les jeux de hasard et de stratégies sont une composante essentielle de la vie quotidienne  des hommes dans l’Antiquité et au Moyen Âge. Ils furent très tôt associés à des thématiques universelles telles que la puissance, l’amour, l’art divinatoire et la notion de  destin.
Les quelque 250 pièces présentées dans le frigidarium des thermes de Lutèce permettent au visiteur d’emprunter un parcours artistique de plusieurs millénaires, et de découvrir la  diversité et les permanences de la pratique des joueurs.

 

Plus : http://www.musee-moyenage.fr/pdf/calendrier.pdf

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ElBaradei, Sabbahi, Moussa investigated for treason

ElBaradei, Sabbahi, Moussa investigated for treason | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Prosecutor General Talaat Abdallah agreed to assign a judge to investigate allegations of treason levied against Constitution Party leader Mohamed ElBaradei and former presidential candidates Amr Moussa and Hamdeen Sabbahi.
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Prosecutor General Talaat Abdallah agreed to assign a judge to investigate allegations of treason levied against Constitution Party leader Mohamed ElBaradei and former presidential candidates Amr Moussa and Hamdeen Sabbahi.

Al-Sayed Hamed, a member of the executive bureau of the Lawyers Syndicate’s Freedoms Committee, filed the charges along with his colleague, Nasser al-Asqalany.

ElBaradei, Moussa and Sabbahi lead the National Salvation Front, a coalition of 15 liberal parties opposed to the recently instated Constitution. They claim the constitutional referendum was rigged.

Prior to the referendum, the front led demonstrations against the Constitution in front of the presidential palace. At least ten died in the course of clashes with supporters of President Mohamed Morsy.

Hamed is also bringing charges of treason against former presidential candidate Ahmed Shafiq, Dubai police chief Dahi Khalfan, Judges Club head Ahmed al-Zend and Supreme Constitutional Court Vice President Tahani al-Gebali.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egypt independent)

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Jama’a al-Islamiya: Egyptians want Sharia

Jama’a al-Islamiya: Egyptians want Sharia | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egyptians voted for the Constitution because they believe in the nation’s Islamic identity and want the application of Sharia, said Jama’a al-Islamiya member Aboud al-Zomor.
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Egyptians voted for the Constitution because they believe in the nation’s Islamic identity and want the application of Sharia, said Jama’a al-Islamiya member Aboud al-Zomor.

Zomor was convicted of plotting late President Anwar al-Sadat’s assassination and spent almost 30 years in prison before being released in April 2011.

He told the German news agency DPA that the Constitution is “a source of stability, development and security, and confirms the Islamic identity of the state.”

“The percentage of those demanding the application of Sharia in Egypt is much higher than the 64 percent that supported the Constitution,” Zomor said. “Some rejected the Constitution because it does not enforce Sharia strictly enough.”

Zomor said that he hopes an article will be drafted to prevent the drafting of any laws that would contradict Sharia. However, he said he was not concerned that such laws would be passed because legislative powers are now in the hands of the Shura Council, “which has an Islamist majority that would not allow any violation of Sharia.”

Egypt’s Copts have no reason to fear that the new Constitution would infringe on their rights or marginalize them in any way. “The Coptic citizen has full rights of citizenship, just like a Muslim,” Zomor claimed.

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President Morsi to visit Germany January 30

Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi is to visit Germany on January 30, the official news agency MENA reported on Thursday, quoting a presidential spokesman.

 

Morsi is to make the trip at the invitation of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the spokesman, Yasser Ali, said.

 

The visit was announced after a month of political turmoil in Egypt over a new constitution the Islamist president had adopted despite opposition protests and street clashes.

 

It will be Morsi's second trip to Europe as president after one in September to Belgium and Italy to drum up badly needed aid and investment in Egypt's struggling economy.

 

He will precede his flight to Germany with a visit to Tunisia to commemorate that country's second anniversary of its revolution, which started the 2011 Arab Spring that spread to Egypt, Libya, Yemen and Syria.

 

Morsi was elected president of Egypt in June this year, taking over from an interim military administration that ruled since the February 2011 overthrow of Hosni Mubarak, who had ruled the country for three decades.




Ahram Online, via Egypt.com

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Schéhérazade contre les salafistes

Schéhérazade contre les salafistes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Alors que l'Institut du monde arabe consacre une exposition aux contes des "Mille et Une Nuits", l'anthropologue Malek Chebel expose pourquoi ils sont un manifeste anti-intégriste
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Extraits

 

L'anthropologue des religions et spécialiste de la littérature érotique arabe Malek Chebel voit dans Les Mille et Une Nuits le plus formidable manifeste anti-intégriste jamais écrit. "Ce récit est rempli de désir fou et de maris trompés, de lits magiques et de scènes lubriques. L'historien de l'art Elie Faure disait que "l'adultère et le cocuage en sont le sujet permanent, et à peu près unique". Il a raison. C'est la rançon de la polygamie, la face cachée d'un monde viril où les femmes rusent sans cesse pour satisfaire leurs désirs."

Les Mille et Une Nuits servent de trame à une vaste exposition de l'Institut du monde arabe, à Paris, jusqu'au 28 avril 2013. Et pour Malek Chebel, à qui on doit un imposant Dictionnaire amoureux des Mille et Une Nuits (Plon, 2010) - et pour cette raison consultant de l'exposition -, ce qu'on y voit semble beaucoup moins audacieux que le livre. Sauf peut-être l'affiche : une aquarelle inspirée par le ballet Schéhérazade, de Rimski-Korsakov, donné en 1910 à Paris, où on voit le danseur Nijinski en Nègre d'or jeté torse nu aux pieds de la sultane Zobéide à moitié déshabillée.

 

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L'Égypte des pharaons - videos.arte.tv

L'Égypte des pharaons - videos.arte.tv | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Comment l'Égypte des pharaons est-elle devenue la plus brillante civilisation de l'Antiquité ?
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Héliopolis rêve du baron Empain 1992 ville nouvelle le Caire Egypte 1905

En 1905 le baron Edouard Empain puissant homme d'affaires, décide de construire une ville nouvelle dans le désert  : Héliopolis au Nord-Est du Caire en Egypte. Son nom signifie « la ville du soleil ».
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Brotherhood's politics may mean short term gains and long term losses

Experts on Islamist movements and democratization have long held that Islamist groups, if they are allowed to engage freely in the political system, tend to make significant ideological concessions, adopt democratic values, and act pragmatically.

Repeatedly referred to in these discussions is the example of the Turkish Islamist movement that culminated in the emergence of the Justice and Development Party. The party recognizes secularism, and this is taken as evidence to show that when Islamists are allowed to compete for power democratically, they find enough incentives to give up some dogma, reaching out to a wider base.

By the same token, these studies held that Arab authoritarianism was a major impediment to the moderation of Islamist groups. The lack of any prospect for rotation of power provides zero incentive to Arab Islamists to move towards the center of the political spectrum.

Then the Arab Spring came along, putting these theories and hypotheses to the test.

Looking back at the performance of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood in 2012, these arguments show themselves to be somewhat simplistic.

While in 2011, the group had drawn on a more secular discourse seeking to position itself among liberal and leftist democratic forces in the wake of Hosni Mubarak’s ouster, this year witnessed a major regression in this regard. In their pursuit to assert their dominance against the military and the secular elites, the Brotherhood drifted further to the right, drawing once again on an overtly religious vocabulary. This dualism has exposed the group’s failure to develop a consistent political discourse that could help them build a larger constituency that goes beyond their conventional conservative support base.

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Court strikes down lawsuits against Egyptian actress

Court strikes down lawsuits against Egyptian actress | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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A Cairo court struck down lawsuits against actress Ilham Shaheen on Thursday.

Over 45 plaintiffs had filed legal challenges against Shaheen accusing her of promoting immorality through her films. 

The plaintiffs had presented images they considered inappropriate of the actress to the court to support their claims.  

Two weeks ago, a court sentenced Azhar Professor Abdullah Badr to one year in prison with labor and a fine of 20, 000 Egyptian pounds for slandering Shaheen. (Aswat Masriya)

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Islamists 'ban' smoking in Sinai

An Islamist group in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula threatened to launch a crusade against drug use and cigarette smoking in the lawless desert region on Wednesday, prompting fears about the growing influence of radical groups in post-revolutionary Egypt.

The country’s new constitution, adopted this week, states that the principles of sharia, Islamic law, are the main source of legislation.

Rights groups say the document contains vague language, such as references to “national” morals, which they believe hardliners can take advantage of to impose religious restrictions on people.

The Sinai vigilante group, which calls itself “Group for Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice,” issued its warning in a leaflet distributed around North Sinai, saying its punishment of those who did not comply would be “very harsh”.

“This statement is the first warning, and there will be no second. It is directed at those trading in drugs, specifically cigarettes,” it said. “Those traders are destroying the families of Sinai, and flouting God’s laws.”

Local security sources said little was known about the group and that it had never issued such statements in the past.

A crackdown on trade in cigarettes or smoking in public places is likely to be perceived as a radical measure in a heavy smoking nation where puffing on a butt in public is socially acceptable and is practically part of the national pasttime.

Efforts to impose central authority in the desert region near the Israeli border have been slow since the fall of Hosni Mubarak in the 2011 uprising, complicated by locals’ ingrained hostility to the government in Cairo.

Islamist president Mohammad Mursi launched a concerted effort to reestablish control of Sinai following an August 5 attack in which 16 border guards were killed. But a November 3 gun attack in which three policemen died underlined the challenge still facing the authorities.

 

 

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Upper house to conduct national dialogue on bills

Upper house to conduct national dialogue on bills | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt’s Shura Council (upper house of parliament) will not issue bills before conducting a comprehensive national dialogue to avoid future conflicts, said a member of the council.

Gamal Eshmat of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party told a Jordanian newspaper on Thursday that members of the council are determined to legislate bills that push the economy forward, including an "Islamic bonds" bill.

The upper house intends to establish a board to monitor Islamic finances and another for fatwas and Islamic observations, Eshmat said.

The parliamentarian added that the council also intends to legislate a bill to protect freedom of expression and peaceful demonstration, another to combat thuggery, one for minimum and maximum wages and finally a bill dedicated to disabled Egyptians.

He added that the council's human rights committee will soon begin extending invitations to interested bodies to conduct dialogues on the previously mentioned draft bills.

Now that the constitution has passed, the Shura Council has assumed legislative power from President Mohamed Mursi who temporarily held it following the dissolution of the People's Assembly. 

The Shura Council, who convened on Wednesday following the appointment of 90 new members, is expected to draft a new parliamentary elections law to pave the way for the election of a lower house of parliament within the next two months.

Mursi signed into effect on Tuesday a charter written by his Islamist allies, who supported him into office, after more than 60 percent of Egyptians showed their approval through a two-stage referendum. 

Opposition forces have widely criticized and protested the text accusing it of favoring Islamists and undermining human rights and social freedoms. Islamists however believe that the charter will help pave the way for stability and economic recovery. (Aswat Masriya)

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Egypt's parliament sets agenda ahead of polls

As Egypt struggles to set up a new political system, a new body has assumed law making powers.

The upper house of parliament, the shura council, has taken over from President Morsi, until Egypt's next elections in February.

Al Jazeera's Rawya Rageh reports from Cairo.

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