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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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En Egypte, des femmes en guerre contre le "terrorisme sexuel"

En Egypte, des femmes en guerre contre le "terrorisme sexuel" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Face à la multiplication des agressions sexuelles contre des manifestantes en Egypte, des femmes n'hésitent plus à braver l'opprobre pour obliger des autorités silencieuses et une société réticente à faire face à ce "terrorisme sexuel".

Beaucoup ont récemment témoigné de leur calvaire à visage découvert et à la télévision, en disant clairement qu'elles ne se laisseraient pas intimider par des violences visant selon elles à les bannir de la vie publique.


"Nous ne sommes pas des victimes, nous sommes des révolutionnaires. Ce qui nous est arrivé nous a rendues plus fortes et nous continuerons à descendre" dans la rue, a martelé, sur la chaîne privée Dream 2, Aïda al-Kachef, une militante ayant été agressée.

Le harcèlement des femmes dans les rues d'Egypte à coups de remarques obscènes, voire d'attouchements, n'est pas nouveau. Mais depuis la révolte qui a renversé Hosni Moubarak il y a deux ans, des manifestantes sur la place Tahrir et ses environs, dans le centre du Caire, sont régulièrement attaquées par des groupes d'hommes organisés.

Parfois armés de couteaux, ils dénudent la femme avant de procéder à de violents attouchements et de la pénétrer avec leurs doigts. Yasmine al-Baramawy, attaquée en marge d'affrontements en novembre, a marqué les esprits en montrant lors d'un talk-show très regardé le pantalon qu'elle portait lors de l'agression, arborant une longue déchirure.

"Ils se sont rassemblés autour de moi et ont commencé à lacérer mes vêtements avec des couteaux", a-t-elle raconté à l'AFP.

La foule l'a ensuite transportée sur plusieurs centaines de mètres sans que les attouchements s'arrêtent, jusqu'à ce que des habitants d'un quartier voisin la sauvent enfin.

"Je ne me suis pas sentie triste ou atteinte dans ma dignité. Je me suis sentie en colère, et je veux que justice soit rendue", a dit la jeune femme.
"Exclure les femmes de la vie publique"

Pour tenter de briser le déni qui entoure ces actes, les initiatives se multiplient depuis quelques mois. Des groupes auxquels se sont joints des hommes ont vu le jour, comme Operation Anti-Sexual Harassment, dont les volontaires interviennent lors des attaques sur Tahrir --la police étant largement absente-- et fournissent un soutien médical et psychologique aux victimes.

(....) "Ces attaques visent à exclure les femmes de la vie publique et à les punir de leur participation au militantisme politique et aux manifestations. Elles sont aussi une tentative de ternir l'image de la place Tahrir et des manifestants en général", accuse le groupe.

"Nous voulons que le terme +harcèlement+ ne soit plus utilisé. Ce dont il s'agit aujourd'hui, c'est de terrorisme sexuel", dit à l'AFP Inas Mekkawy, du mouvement de défense des droits des femmes "Baheya ya Masr".
Mais le problème se heurte toujours à l'indifférence des autorités et à l'opprobre d'une grande partie de la société. Plus: http://www.leparisien.fr/flash-actualite-monde/en-egypte-des-femmes-en-guerre-contre-le-terrorisme-sexuel-06-03-2013-2621019.php
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Tahrir's bodyguards fight to 'cure Egypt's disease'

Tahrir's bodyguards fight to 'cure Egypt's disease' | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Soraya Bahgat, a Cairo-based HR executive and postgraduate student, was on her way to join Tahrir Square protests on November 25 when an unwelcome thought stopped her in her tracks.

Mobs in the square had sexually assaulted women protesters there a week earlier, and reports of such incidents had become common enough for her to fear a repeat occurrence.

"A panic attack gripped me and prevented me from going because I thought no woman should go through this," said the 29-year-old.

"It was almost two years since the Lara Logan incident," she said, referring to the harrowing sexual attack on the CBS correspondent by a mob in Tahrir Square.

"I didn't understand what else we needed before collective action was taken to prevent these assaults. I felt that it was time to step up and do something about it."

 

Instead of going to Tahrir -- where, according to local reports, three women were sexually assaulted among the crowds that day -- she took to Twitter and started an account, Tahrir Bodyguard, encouraging a "collective effort to promote the safety of women protesters."

 

The response, she said, was "overwhelming."

 

More on: http://edition.cnn.com/2013/03/05/world/meast/tahrir-bodyguard-egypt-assaults/index.html

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Eight women Arab scientists picked in UNESCO Program

Eight exceptional Arab women scientists were announced as winners by the L’Oréal-UNESCO “For Women in Science Pan Arab” Regional Program in its third edition here. The scientists are from Jordan, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Tunisia, Sudan, Iraq, and Bahrain.

The ceremony was organized under the auspices of Prof. Dr. Nadia Zakhary, Egypt’s Minister of Scientific Research, and was attended by key Egyptian figures. 

Geoff Skingsley, Executive Vice President of L’Oréal’s Africa-Middle East Zone, and Dr. Bechir Lamine, Director of UNESCO Cairo office, were also present, according to a press release issued here.

The fellowship program, now in its 3rd Pan-Arab version highlights the crucial role women play in science and honors outstanding female postdoctoral researchers who present exceptional projects in different areas of science and technology. 

Each fellow receives a grant of $20,000 and is empowered through this initiative to push forward her research efforts in the field of her choice. Since the creation of the program in 1998, over 1,300 women in over 100 countries have been recognized for their groundbreaking achievements and innovative researches. (...)

Sandeep Rai, General Manager of L’OREAL Egypt noted: “L’Oreal has always been at the forefront of scientific advancement in the world. Our success story with the Pan Arab FWIS program is based on the substantial value this fellowship initiative brings to regional female scientists and their countries.” (Saudi Gazette)

More : http://www.saudigazette.com.sa/index.cfm?method=home.regcon&contentid=20130213153016

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Women to march around Egypt denouncing violence

Women to march around Egypt denouncing violence | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Rights groups, Political Parties and Women Initiatives called on Tuesday women of Egypt to march all over the country on Friday 8 March which marks the International Women's Day under the slogan "Women with the revolution" to declare their rejection of violence.

The International Women's day is an umbrella that unites women of the world. The day is the anniversary of the strike of women working in clothing and textile factories in the United States protesting inhumane working conditions and low wages. In the same day 50 years later women marched through New York City adopting the slogan "Bread and Roses". They demanded voting rights and better pay. To this date the day represents an expression of women's entitlement to political rights.

"Women are subjected to more violations of their economic, social, political and civil rights," said a statement issued by the groups calling for the march stressing that the current regime does not respect the full citizenship of women or equity before the law.

The statement added that women of the revolution announced boycotting the elections in light of having no actual guarantees for its integrity. The statement also said that social justice has not been achieved until now pointing to the protests of women all around Egypt.

The statement condemned the "fierce attack by security forces on women activists," saying that it cannot ignore the targeting of women or using sexual violence against them.

The march, organized by a coalition of feminist groups, starts at four in the afternoon from Talaat Harb Square to Cairo's Supreme Court.

Meanwhile, the United Nations Women in collaboration with Microsoft corporate will launch a song called "One Woman" in a musical celebration of women worldwide.

In addition to that, the National Council for Women organizes a conference on Wednesday to announce the demands of women and display its priorities in the coming times.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya
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Conférence "la place des femmes dans le monde du travail"

Conférence "la place des femmes dans le monde du travail" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

La défense des droits des femmes, la promotion de l’égalité femmes-hommes et la lutte contre les violences fondées sur le genre constituent l’une des priorités majeures de l’action extérieure de la France en matière de promotion et de protection des droits de l’Homme. Dans cet esprit, la France œuvre à faire de la célébration de la Journée internationale de la femme le point de ralliement des efforts déployés pour exiger la réalisation des droits des femmes et leur participation au processus politique et économique, partant du principe qu’aucune solution durable aux problèmes sociaux, économiques et politiques les plus pressants de la société ne peut être trouvée sans la pleine participation, et la pleine autonomisation, des femmes du monde entier. De plus en plus, la Journée internationale de la femme est le moment idéal pour réfléchir sur les progrès réalisés, demander des changements et célébrer les actes de courage et de détermination de femmes ordinaires qui ont joué un rôle extraordinaire dans l’histoire des droits des femmes.

En 2013, la Ministre française des droits des femmes, Mme Najat VALLAUD-BELKACEM, a invité le réseau mondial des Ambassades de France à promouvoir l’égalité professionnelle entre hommes et femmes à l’occasion de cette journée.

L’Institut français d’Egypte a ainsi décidé d’organiser une conférence-débat sur le thème de la place des femmes dans le monde du travail, le jeudi 7 mars à 16h à l’IFE de Mounira. A travers cette conférence, l’IFE souhaite donner la parole aux acteurs engagés pour la promotion de l’égalité professionnelle, mais également susciter un débat pour permettre au public d’exprimer ses interrogations.

Interviendront lors de cette conférence :

 M. François ZIMERAY, ambassadeur de France pour les droits de l’Homme. 
 M. Kamal ABASS, directeur général du centre égyptien des services pour les syndicats et travailleurs 
 Mme Mona EZZAT, membre de New Women Foundation (NWF) 
 Mme Randa FAHMY, membre de Business Women of Egypt 21 
 Mme Pakinam MOUSTAFA, membre de Business Women of Egypt 21 
 M. Didier MONCIAUD, sociologue à l’Université Paris 7. Les débats seront modérés par Mme Yasmine FAROUK, chercheur et professeur à la faculté des sciences politiques à l’université du Caire.

Traduction simultanée en arabe

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"Nefer, la donna nell'antico Egitto"

"Nefer, la donna nell'antico Egitto" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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Pakinam El Sharkawy to head Egypt’s delegation to UN Commission on the status of women

Pakinam El Sharkawy to head Egypt’s delegation to UN Commission on the status of women | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Presidential Assistant on political affairs Pakinam El Sharkawy is visiting New York on Sunday to head Egypt’s delegation to the Fifty-seventh UN Commission on the Status of Women, according to a presidency press release. The commission begins its activities on 4 March.

The delegation will include Mervat Al Tallawy, ambassador and head of Women’s National Council (WNC), and WNC members Amena Nosair and Fatema Khafagi.

Egypt’s delegation will meet several White House and National Security Council officials. Meetings will include discussions on the bilateral relations between the two countries and ways to strengthen these relations in various fields.

 More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/02/pakinam-el-sharkawy-to-head-egypts-delegation-to-un-commission-on-the-status-of-women/

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For Egypt’s women, fear of rape now governs Cairo’s Tahrir Square

For Egypt’s women, fear of rape now governs Cairo’s Tahrir Square | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

In the weeks after a group of men surrounded and sexually assaulted her in Cairo’s iconic Tahrir Square, Yasmine Faithi has returned repeatedly to the place where the nearly hourlong attack began.

She’s retraced her steps from where the crowd of men insisted they were there to protect her even as they ripped off her clothes and groped and tore at every inch of her body. She’s walked past the spot where her attackers told those who were trying to help her that she was wearing a bomb – to keep them away. She’s ended up where a woman, accompanied by a group of men, finally rescued her.

 

All the while, she’s stared at the faces in the square. Were her attackers still here? Could she retaliate somehow?


“I needed to see where I was and understand and believe what happened,” Faithi said. “I still have the need to go again and again. Maybe my mind needs proof” that the assault really happened.(...)

 

No more. Now every demonstration in Tahrir – and they happen weekly – seethes with likely sexual violence. Faithi, along with at least 18 other women, was assaulted there Jan. 25 – during a demonstration to celebrate the beginning of the anti-Mubarak protests. Now women enter the square with trepidation.

 

Outside the square, men put lemons in their pockets and rub up against women in crowded spaces, such as packed buses, to test their reactions. If the women don’t protest, they rub against them with their genitals. If the women object, the other men on the bus call them crazy.(...)

 

At Tahrir, however, sexual assault is a form of organized warfare that starts when the sun sets. The attacks are sophisticated and violent.

 

More on:http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2013/02/25/183900/for-egypts-women-fear-of-rape.html

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With Tasers and placards, the women of Egypt are fighting back against sexism

With Tasers and placards, the women of Egypt are fighting back against sexism | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

‘‘The youth will liberate Egypt!” A girl in a sky-blue headscarf is yelling and 300 women shout the words back at her outside the Sayyida Zeinab Mosque in central Cairo. Behind the gates of the mosque, men in long robes stare at the growing crowd, growling insults at anyone who comes close, but also curious.

“These men, they’ve been brainwashed,” says Fawzie, 68, a retired engineer. “I am angry, devastated. I went several times to Tahrir Square, doing my best to help. “They want women to stay at home. I want to see liberty.”

For the women of Egypt, freedom from sexist oppression and freedom from state repression are part of the same battle. It is now dangerous for women and girls to go out alone without anticipating sexual and physical assault from mobs of men, from armed police, or both. The story being told by most of the western press is that Egypt’s revolution has been “spoiled” or “tainted” by this pandemic of violent misogyny – but at street level, something else is going on. The question is: whose revolution is this, anyway?

 

Before we came to the women’s march, my friends and I had been told to wear heavy belts, baggy trousers and several layers, to make it as difficult as possible for attackers to shove their hands inside our clothes.

 

Rana and Gina, young students who have been part of the revolution since 2011 and have experienced sexual harassment, are holding up placards demanding that passersby acknowledge sexism. “They don’t want us in the revolution. But we are here and none can push us away by raping us, by making women afraid to go out of their homes,” Rana says. “We are fed up. The police don’t listen to us. [They say] you are wearing unsuitable clothes, you deserve to be harassed. We are here to say we are not afraid.” (...)

 

Egypt has tolerated a culture of misogyny for many generations. In the past year, however, there has been a change in mood. Women from all walks of life are afraid to go out in the street at all, whether they’re marching to bring down the government or popping to the shop for a pint of milk. Even Tahrir Square, the symbolic political heart of the nation, has become all but impassable to any woman without a hefty male escort.

 

One of the groups fighting back is Op - AntiSH – pronounced “Oppantish” and standing for Operation Anti-Sexual Harassment – a gang of volunteers, some of them men and many of them women who have been raped and assaulted. OpAntiSH physically stops assaults in Tahrir Square and the surrounding areas, using Tasers, spray paint, fists, force, sticks, anything they can put their hands on to protect women from “mob attacks. (...)

 

The significant shift is in how women see the issue,” says Reem Labib, an OpAntiSH member. “We’ve been violated and we will not be silenced. I’ve never seen it like this before. There’s always been this barrier of shame and fear.”

 

More on: http://www.newstatesman.com/world-affairs/2013/02/tasers-and-placards-women-egypt-are-fighting-back-against-sexism

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Arab Women must fight back

Arab Women must fight back | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

We are now supposed to be in the midst of celebrating the 2nd anniversary of the Arab Spring. However, there is a legitimate question of whether or not there is actually anything to celebrate; particularly for women.

Well, take a look at the Arab world today, most Arab Spring countries are still witnessing sporadic violence and political instability. The thing they have in common, to a degree, is that Islamist parties were brought into power to fill the vacuum left by the secular dictatorships that preceded them.


Women and the ‘Arab Spring’
The way I see it, the revolutions which kicked off in these countries and is still ongoing in Syria was the people rising up against oppression. Three pillars drove this movement; Freedom, Liberty and Equality. Let’s look at Egypt, have any of these seen fruition?

The new constitution that was passed in December 2012 in a 2 part referendum touched on these things briefly, but more importantly did they touch on women’s rights. The preamble of the 2012 constitution says Egypt adheres to the principle of equality “for all citizens men and women, without discrimination or nepotism or preferential treatment, in both rights.” But, some critics believe it isn’t precise and is full of loop holes, which gives the current ruling party a chance not to live up to its promises. This fiasco in Egypt is just one example, it is however one of the most prominent incidents since the country ousted Hosni Mubarak. It sparked both local and international condemnation and was picked up by large amounts of the media.

Talking about the revolution in Egypt, let’s mention the 17 women arrested at a Cairo protest on March 9, 2011 as the army violently cleared Tahrir square and were then detained for four days. Some spoke to renowned human rights organizations like Amnesty International after their release and confessed to be subjected to abuse. The head turner is the fact they were forced to undergo virginity tests or else were threatened with prostitution charges.

Women have filed copious complaints of violence used against them during peaceful protests from the start of the uprising until today.

More on: http://english.alarabiya.net/views/2013/02/23/267827.html

and: http://www.saudigazette.com.sa/index.cfm?method=home.regcon&contentid=20130224154386

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To my fellow Egyptian feminists

To my fellow Egyptian feminists | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

This is written with love, respect and in solidarity.

 

I present in this article a brief critique of the contemporary Egyptian feminist movement. I hope that this would be considered constructive criticism and channeled in a way that would strengthen the movement.

Orientalist tropes

Nicola Pratt wrote an important article published in Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies newsletter. In this article she accused the international community of using an Orientalist narrative in dealing with women’s rights in the Middle East. I couldn’t agree more with her but I would like to add to this argument that we as Egyptian feminists export an Orientalist discourse. We reinforce ideas that victimizes all women and denies them their agency as well demonize all men.

 

Sexual harassment discourse

We seem to be trapped into the sexual harassment narrative. As if we have no other issue pertaining to women’s rights. We don’t link sexual harassment with the global narrative pertaining to violence against women in general nor do we link sexual harassment to wider struggles. We seem to be very outspoken about sexual harassment while silent on all other issues that could be more relevant to greater groups of women and men in our society. We keep narrowing down the discourse till it became only about sexual harassment against protestors.

 

No critique

Everyone has comments on how everyone is doing their job yet everyone is silent about it. Not quite silent they speak behind each other’s backs. They vent out in small groups in cafes. All that is bottled up comes out in the form of gossip rather than constructive criticism that could revive the movement and save it from itself. The lack of criticism is a criticism in itself!

 

More on: http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=adb35e4d-6c7e-42a6-9079-02dfb40563cf

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Egyptian women take self-defense classes to confront sexual harassment

Egyptian women take self-defense classes to confront sexual harassment | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Many Egyptian women are resorting to self-defense classes to confront the country’s growing phenomenon of sexual harassment.

The free classes are organized by the group Tahrir Bodyguards.

 

The aim is to combat “systematic political suppression against women,” activist Jumana Shehata told Al Arabiya. “We’ll continue to take to the streets of Tahrir, no matter the price.”

Salafist preacher Ahmad Mahmoud Abdullah, known as Abu Islam, has said women protesting in Tahrir Square are “no red line,” because they have no shame and want to be raped.

In light of the vast political and social changes taking place in Egypt, more light is being shed on sexual harassment on the streets of Cairo. 

It is not uncommon for women to report verbal or physical abuse in broad daylight. (Al-Arabiya news)

 

More : http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2013/02/20/267351.html

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Discrimination et violences sexuelles en Egypte

Discrimination et violences sexuelles en Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

VIDEO

Arpenter les rues, prendre les transports en commun, un vrai chemin de croix pour les femmes égyptiennes. Les harcèlements sexuels, verbaux ou physiques, sont de plus en plus fréquents en Egypte. Deux ans après la révolution, le mur de silence tombe un peu sur les discriminations et les violences faites aux femmes, un phénomène quasi intitutionnalisé et toujours impuni.

Ainsi, cette jeune égyptienne raconte : 
“Il y avait un homme assis derrière moi, il avait un ordinateur portable sur les genoux, sur lequel il avait ses mains. Et puis il s’est mis à me toucher. J’ai pensé que je devais lui dire de mettre sa main sur sa chaise et pas sur mon bras. J’ai bougé ma main, mais ensuite, j’ai senti sa main qui se baladait sur mon corps. A ce moment là, tout ce que je pensais, c‘était le frapper. Malheureusement
c’est habituel ici, je ne peux pas marcher dans une rue sans être touché par quelqu’un. C’est devenu
quelque chose de normal. Même si c’est dégoûtant, qu’est ce que je peux faire… “

Depuis la révolution, les femmes s’organisent. Le phénomène est devenu plus visible, les femmes militantes, les journalistes présentes, victimes d’exactions, ont livré des témoignages implacables sur des agissement rétrogrades dont on n’osait pas ou peu parler avant. (Euronews)

 

Plus : http://fr.euronews.com/2013/02/19/discrimination-et-violences-sexuelles-en-egypte/

 
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Women in Egypt stand strong against “sexual terrorism”

Women in Egypt stand strong against “sexual terrorism” | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Faced with a spike in sexual violence against female protesters, Egyptian women are overcoming stigma and recounting painful testimonies to force silent authorities and a reticent society to confront "sexual terrorism."

The victims of the attacks have been talking openly about their ordeals, insisting they will not be intimidated by a campaign they believe is aimed at shunning them from public life.

"We are not victims, we are revolutionaries. What happened to us has made us stronger and we will continue" to take to the streets, said activist Aida al-Kashef.

Harassment of women is by no means new on Egypt's streets, where they were often the target of verbal abuse and sometimes groping.

But since the revolution that toppled long-time president Hosni Mubarak in 2011, the problem has snowballed, with women now being regularly attacked by mobs of men in and around Tahrir Square.

 

The attackers have stripped women of their clothes with knives, sexually assaulted them and penetrated them with their fingers.

Yasmine al-Baramawy, who was assaulted in November, highlighted the degree of violence when during a talk show she held up the ripped trousers she wore the day she was attacked.

"They gathered around me and started ripping my clothes off with knives," Baramawy told AFP.

She was then dragged several hundred meters (yards), while being touched and groped, until residents of a neighboring area saved her from the crowd.

 

More on: http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2013/03/06/269872.html

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Court fines vendor LE2,000 for molesting woman

Court fines vendor LE2,000 for molesting woman | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Abdin Misdemeanor Court on Tuesday fined a 25-year-old vendor LE2,000 for molesting a woman in downtown Cairo, an Egyptian rights group said Tuesday. The vendor is also to pay LE50 to cover her lawyers' fees and expenses.

The Aswat Masriya news website, affiliated with Reuters news agency, quoted the El Nadeem Center for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, which said the incident took place last September on Shawarby Street in downtown Cairo.

According to the center, the vendor sexually harassed two women, although only one pressed charges.

The group's lawyer Michael Raouf said the sentence was minor since the man was not imprisoned and that Egypt needed to do more to protect women.

“The law punishes people for molesting women in public, but does not punish other crimes, such as rape, severely enough,” Raouf said in a statement Tuesday.

Twenty-three women's organization drafted a bill in September criminalizing all forms of physical and sexual violence against women, men and children. Activists then marched to the presidential palace to submit it to his office.

 

More on: http://arabia.msn.com/news/middle-east/1353372/court-fines-vendor-for-molesting-woma/

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U.S. Govt Collaborates with Egyptian Partners to Support Women Business Owners

U.S. Govt Collaborates with Egyptian Partners to Support Women Business Owners | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Fifteen business mentors and over 30 entrepreneurs engaged in a one-on-one mentoring event sponsored by the U.S. Government’s Global Entrepreneurship Program (GEP) and the Association for Women’s Total Advancement and Development, in cooperation with the Women Business Development Centre.

 “Supporting women business owners is crucial to promoting increased prosperity for Egypt’s families,” said Mary Ott, Mission Director of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) which is funding the GEP program.  “Mentoring helps new entrepreneurs to address barriers they face in growing their businesses in realistic and powerful ways.  It provides them with valuable networks to build their businesses and create jobs.”

Mentoring brings experienced women business owners together with new entrepreneurs to provide a deeper understanding of the business world.  It helps them address challenges such as lack of business skills and lack of access to modern technologies, market linkages, and financing.  It can help women across Egypt who have entrepreneurial ideas and inspiration turn those ideas into successful businesses.

 

Through USAID’s Global Entrepreneurship Program, the United States supports Egypt’s economic growth by providing training, mentoring, and links to financing for entrepreneurs – men and women. Since 2011, this program has helped launch 46 start-up companies in Egypt, 18 of which are owned by women, and has supported those businesses to create 166 new jobs.

This text is from: Amwal el-Ghad



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Empowering women challenges poverty - CEO of Thomson Reuters Foundation

Empowering women challenges poverty - CEO of Thomson Reuters Foundation | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

By Dina Kabil

The Chief Executive Officer of Thomson Reuters Foundation, Monique Villa, said on Monday that helping women know and defend their rights tackles the very root of poverty.

In an interview with Aswat Masriya, Villa said, "The big difference between a man and a woman is that the woman spends most of her salary...70 to 75 percent on her family. The man doesn't always do that. If you help women know their rights and find a job, you tackle the very root of poverty and this is what we try to do."

Monique Villa visits Egypt within the framework of participating in a celebration and a seminar organized by the Aswat Masriya website of the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Villa said her visit to Egypt was positive, since she met with many lawyers and social entrepreneurs.

Monique Villa, ranked 43rd in Ethisphere's list of the world's 100 most influential people in Business Ethics, considered Aswat Masriya to be "one of the big successes in the foundation," saying that within a year the website has done an incredible work to be one of the most unbiased and most recognized news websites right now in Egypt.

Villa referred the success of Aswat Masriya to the need for accurate and totally independent information.

"We decided very quickly in six weeks to create Aswat Masriya according to the principles of Reuters; freedom from bias, total independence and total accuracy. It is a huge success because you have the biggest traffic possible on a news website. I wanted to do it only for a year...but it has been such a success that it continues for two more years," Villa said.

Villa also created TrustLaw Connect two years ago. TrustLaw is a pro bono service that provides an electronic marketplace to connect lawyers willing to work at no cost with NGOs and social entrepreneurs in need of legal assistance.

She said that it has become the biggest market place for pro bono in the world, "We have more than 270 law firms worldwide, we're making a difference to a lot of NGOs and social enterprises."

Villa also launched Trust Women within the framework of Thomson Reuters' programs on journalistic coverage, where they cover issues that nobody else covers, world crisis, humanitarian issues and women rights.

"We help women know their rights and defend it... and in the end get a job," she said.

Speaking of Aswat Masriya's future, Villa said, "The future is big because we had no idea for instance when we launched Aswat Masriya 15 months ago that it will be this successful, so now that it has grown, we are now adding business coverage to cover business and finance in Egypt."

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=f6c0b996-b026-46a0-b8a5-fea746e15d24
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Fouada Watch calls on women to boycott parliamentary elections

Fouada Watch calls on women to boycott parliamentary elections | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A campaign initiated by the Fouada Watch women’s rights organisation has called on Egyptian women to boycott the upcoming House of Representatives election. The campaign was announced during a press conference on Saturday, and is entitled “Women of Egypt: boycott the elections”.

 

Fouada Watch has chosen to target women specifically, according to a press release, because “policy-makers and decision-makers deliberately exclude women”. The organisation also said the constitution fails to include women’s rights, which they say is part of the deterioration of “all social and economic conditions” and the result of “the absence of political vision among policy-makers and those who hold the reins of power in Egypt”.


 

Several passages in the constitution relating to women’s rights were scrapped during the drafting process, including provisions which emphasised physical integrity and the rejection of violence towards women, the organisation said.

 

The way in which the constitution was passed, with just over one third of the eligible voting population having participated in the process, is also an issue of contention for the organisation.

 

“We have many reasons to call on women to boycott the upcoming elections,” said Fouada Watch coordinating doctor Azza Kamel. Kamel added that women are not guaranteed rights by either the constitution or the election law.


More on: http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/02/fouada-watch-calls-on-women-to-boycott-parliamentary-elections/

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"Nos seins, nos armes !"

"Nos seins, nos armes !" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Elles sont provocantes et en colère.

Elles protestent seins nus et partent en guerre contre le patriarcat, les dictateurs, la prostitution, et les religions !

Ces guerrières sont le nouveau visage du féminisme, leurs corps sont devenus leurs armes.  Et elles sont prêtes à payer le prix de ce combat par la prison ou l’exil.De la fuite d’Inna Schevenko, 22ans, leader des FEMEN à celle d’Aliaa El Madhdy, 21 ans  menacée de mort pour avoir dénoncé le sexisme en Egypte en posant nue sur Internet, ce film raconte l’histoire réjouissante et parfois violente d’un mouvement désormais planétaire.

Un film de Nadia El Fani et Caroline Fourest. 

Diffusion :  mardi 5 mars à 22H45 sur France 2.

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Egypt Activists launch 'Know Me' initiative to support women's rights

Egyptian Political activists launched on Saturday an initiative called E'rafni (Know Me) to support women candidates in the upcoming parliamentary elections, to help convey their voices to everyone in Egypt.

The initiative was launched on the sidelines of a workshop hosted by the International Centre for Development under the title "activating the political participation of women."

A member of the initiative, Dina Bahaa, said that the initiative relies on direct contact and a door to door campaign, in addition to campaigning in streets and public transportations.

She stressed that these campaigns are fruitful in raising public awareness of women's issues and the importance of their role in political life.

Another member of the initiative, Samara Sultan, believes in the importance of targeting the less educated segments of society to raise their awareness of how to choose their representatives in the parliament.

Meanwhile, member of the Wafd Party, Samah Farrag, said that reaching out for Upper Egypt and the rural areas should be a priority, explaining that rural areas suffer from high illiteracy rates, as well as political illiteracy.

Farrag added that the Islamists exploits women's poverty and buys their votes with food and other electoral bribes.

The executive director of the International Centre for Development, Mohamed Adel, suggested establishing an academy to support women's social, political and economic rights and help raise their political awareness and activate their participation in public and political life. (Egypt news)

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Activists launch "Know me" initiative to support women's rights

Activists launch "Know me" initiative to support women's rights | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

By Omnia Talal

Political activists launched on Saturday an initiative called E'rafni (Know Me) to support women candidates in the upcoming parliamentary elections, to help convey their voices to everyone in Egypt.

The initiative was launched on the sidelines of a workshop hosted by the International Centre for Development under the title "activating the political participation of women."

A member of the initiative, Dina Bahaa, said that the initiative relies on direct contact and a door to door campaign, in addition to campaigning in streets and public transportations.

She stressed that these campaigns are fruitful in raising public awareness of women's issues and the importance of their role in political life.

Another member of the initiative, Samara Sultan, believes in the importance of targeting the less educated segments of society to raise their awareness of how to choose their representatives in the parliament.

Meanwhile, member of the Wafd Party, Samah Farrag, said that reaching out for Upper Egypt and the rural areas should be a priority, explaining that rural areas suffer from high illiteracy rates, as well as political illiteracy.

Farrag added that the Islamists exploits women's poverty and buys their votes with food and other electoral bribes.

The executive director of the International Centre for Development, Mohamed Adel, suggested establishing an academy to support women's social, political and economic rights and help raise their political awareness and activate their participation in public and political life.   

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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When Egypt Deletes Women's Rights Heroines From School Textbooks

When Egypt Deletes Women's Rights Heroines From School Textbooks | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Empowering women and children through street art  (...) By Maha El Nabawi AL-MASRY AL-YOUM/Worldcrunch

 

It was a landmark day when prominent women’s rights activist Doria Shafiq bravely led a march of 1,500 women to storm the gates of the Egyptian Parliamenton Feb. 19, 1951.

 

After several hours of unrelenting protest, Shafiq was finally received inside Parliament, where the council agreed to consider the demands of Egyptian women.

 

Along with her predecessors, including Hoda Shaarawi, Nabawiya Moussa and Ceza Nabarawi, Shafiq remains one of the 20th-century pioneers of the women’s liberation movement in Egypt. Her march to Parliament later led to the inclusion of women’s suffrage in the 1956 Constitution.

 

But, despite her many feats, Shafiq is likely to be forgotten in the minds of future generations in Egypt.

 

The 2013–2014 editions of the Egyptian National Education textbooks have been edited to delete the picture of Doriya Shafiq and pictures of those killed during the Jan. 25 revolution. Shafiq’s image was removed from the high-school textbook because she was not veiled.

 

But, as the subversion of Egyptian women continues, local human rights activists have become more creative in their fight for women’s equality, representation and rights.

 

Seen through local street art collectives like Noon El Neswa, the Mona Lisa Brigades and various independent efforts, a new wave of street art and visual campaigns seeks to challenge the low status of Egyptian women by painting them in a positive light.

 

“They are already deleting female activists from our history books,” says Shady Khalil, co-founder of Noon El Neswa, a gender-sensitive street art collective. “In order to help reverse the effects of this and many other attacks on women’s rights, we have been creating graffiti campaigns with the purpose of reclaiming women’s rightful position in public spaces.” (...)

 

More on: http://www.worldcrunch.com/culture-society/when-egypt-deletes-women-039-s-rights-heroines-from-school-textbooks/rights-protest-cairo-revolution-arab/c3s10972/

 

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To my fellow Egyptian feminists

To my fellow Egyptian feminists | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

By Dina Wahba 

This is written with love, respect and in solidarity.

I present in this article a brief critique of the contemporary Egyptian feminist movement. I hope that this would be considered constructive criticism and channeled in a way that would strengthen the movement.

Orientalist tropes

Nicola Pratt wrote an important article published in Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies newsletter. In this article she accused the international community of using an Orientalist narrative in dealing with women’s rights in the Middle East. I couldn’t agree more with her but I would like to add to this argument that we as Egyptian feminists export an Orientalist discourse. We reinforce ideas that victimizes all women and denies them their agency as well demonize all men.

Sexual harassment discourse

We seem to be trapped into the sexual harassment narrative. As if we have no other issue pertaining to women’s rights. We don’t link sexual harassment with the global narrative pertaining to violence against women in general nor do we link sexual harassment to wider struggles. We seem to be very outspoken about sexual harassment while silent on all other issues that could be more relevant to greater groups of women and men in our society. We keep narrowing down the discourse till it became only about sexual harassment against protestors.

No critique

Everyone has comments on how everyone is doing their job yet everyone is silent about it. Not quite silent they speak behind each other’s backs. They vent out in small groups in cafes. All that is bottled up comes out in the form of gossip rather than constructive criticism that could revive the movement and save it from itself. The lack of criticism is a criticism in itself!

No reading or writing

There seem to be a lack of commitment to self education. There are no groups working on gaining knowledge or producing it except for some scholars who write some papers. However, activists seem to have lost interest in reading other feminist work or writing their own theories even if in Facebook notes. It doesn’t have to be scholarly but you have to have something to say. A different world view to present. A stand point from which you challenge reality and it should be documented somewhere so that others could read it and build on it.

We teach, we don’t learn

Arrogance is a sin and for a good reason.  We keep going around the world lecturing, speaking in conferences, going around telling others how to do things. Do we listen as much? Do we invite others to speak to us about their experiences? Are we even curious? We ask others to stand in solidarity, do we extend it?

Dealing with authority

We don’t have a clear strategy to deal with authority. Do we talk to them? Do we boycott? Do we strike deals with political parties or not? Many central questions that seem to be answered haphazardly. Recently, I was asked to speak at a hearing in the Shura Council. Asking around, I found out that my fellow feminists refused to go. Nevertheless, they agreed to appear with members of the Shura Council on Television. This perplexed me. Are we or aren’t we speaking to those in power? Are we using the media to advance our message or are we being used by the media for sensational news?

“I will support you no matter what” syndrome

We don’t like the way some of us do things but we go anyway. We participate in conferences, workshops, marches and demonstrations that we don’t approve of. I found myself going and criticizing, going and mocking, going and disapproving but always there. Because we have to stand by each other no matter, do we really have to?

The events are overwhelming. We are running from this meeting to another to this protest and that march. There is often little or no time for reflection. But maybe for the sake of the movement it’s time to ask ourselves some serious questions. It’s time to reflect. I hope that this article spurs a conversation in the Egyptian feminist movement.

With all the love, respect and in solidarity.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya   
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Podcast: Egyptian Women Speak Out Against Sexual Violence At Protests (4"21)

Podcast: Egyptian Women Speak Out Against Sexual Violence At Protests (4"21) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

In Egypt, sexual violence against women is on the rise. It has become a chronic problem in a state where security is breaking down and mass protests are not policed. And as the number of assaults increase, many women say they will no longer be silent.

 

 

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Rapist terrorism in Egypt (Global Trends)

http://www.euronews.com/ Egypt is becoming synonymous with sexual harassment and rape.

 

Egypt is becoming synonymous with sexual harassment and rape. Critics say it is far down the official priority list, although vigilante groups are trying to improve safety for women in public places.

Egyptian Human Rights groups say verbal and physical violence against women there is endemic.

Organised campaigns to fight this are building support, as courageous women - and some men - condemn the phenomenon.

A woman described a public setting where a man seated next to her first leaned against her, making her uncomfortable, and then, when she shifted to reduce contact, he began moving his hand all over her body.

"My only thought was to attack him, she said, "but, unfortunately we are used to this; I can not walk in a street without being touched by someone. It has become common, even though it is such a disgusting thing. What can I do?"

The main spokesman of Egypt's National Council for Human Rights recently said that women should not join street protests because their presence incites abuses. The country's main women's group denounced his statement as further evidence that women's rights were being violated.


More on: http://www.ionglobaltrends.com/2013/02/egypt-rapist-terrorism-in-egypt.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FzqKG+%28i+On+Global+Trends%29

 

 

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