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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Le roi de Jordanie démolit les dirigeants du Proche-Orient

Le président égyptien, les Frères musulmans, le Premier ministre turc et Bachar al-Assad en prennent pour leur grade dans des propos inhabituels tenus par Abdallah II dans la presse américaine.(...)

 

Sévère envers Morsi

Il a réservé des mots sévères au président égyptien Mohamed Morsi. "J’essayais de lui expliquer comment gérer le Hamas, comment faire avancer le processus de paix, et il disait: +Les Israéliens ne bougeront pas+."

 

Plus: http://monde.fr.svizra.tk/2013/03/le-roi-de-jordanie-demolit-les.html

 

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Mursi Leaves Unrest Behind in Visit to Pakistan and India

Mursi Leaves Unrest Behind in Visit to Pakistan and India | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

(....) Speaking to reporters after his meeting with the Indian PM, Mursi said that he wanted Egypt to be the “hub of Indian exports to Africa.”  His Indian counterpart said that “the agreements that we have signed today are a clear manifestation of our desire to impart a new dynamism to our relationship.”

Before embarking on his south Asia tour, President Mursi left Cairo amid tempestuous circumstances. The office of the Muslim Brotherhood’s guidance bureau, located in the Mokattam district of southern Cairo, has recently been the scene of two days of violent clashes. Security sources revealed that the violence, which broke out between security forces and demonstrators opposed to the Brotherhood’s rule three days ago, came to an end Sunday after dozens had been injured, some of them seriously.

 

Now, Mokattam district is experiencing a state of uneasy calm. Intensive security reinforcements have been deployed to guard the Brotherhood’s bureau, while plain clothed security personnel are patrolling the district.

 

http://www.aawsat.net/2013/03/article55296206

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Feminist monkey wrenches in Egypt's revolution -OpEdNews

Feminist monkey wrenches in Egypt's revolution -OpEdNews | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The process of shaping post-revolutionary Egypt to conform to the postmodern imperial world is proceeding apace. Egypt's long history of invasion and occupation by first France (under Napoleon) and then Britain, and less formally from 1970 on under first Sadat and Mubarak, means there is a strong secular tradition, and the current attempt by Islamists to reverse this accommodation of western norms--'good' and "bad'--is meeting fierce resistance, with women and their "rights' at the forefront. 

Though we hear complaints that Egyptian women are having a tough time these days, fearing restrictions by Islamists on their public lives, at least two prominent women have already left their mark, defying Egypt's move towards a more religious-focused society. (...)

 

Booby trap I

Uncelebrated, but key to the current political turmoil is Tahani el-Gebali, deputy president of the Supreme Constitutional Court(...)

 

Booby trap II

Morsi's most recent female thorn is Mervat el-Tallawi, head of the National Council for Women (NCW), who headed the Egypt's delegation to the 57th session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women last week.(...)

More on: http://www.opednews.com/articles/Feminist-monkey-wrenches-i-by-Eric-Walberg-130318-431.html

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Resentment still felt beneath calm in Port Said

Resentment still felt beneath calm in Port Said | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A few days ago, Mohammad Othman, a driver from Port Said, received an invitation to meet the Egyptian president in Cairo.

Mr Othman voted for President Mohammed Morsi in the elections and had been a supporter of his Muslim Brotherhood party, but he refused to go to the presidential palace.

"I'm a civilised person," he says. "But if you put the president in front of me now I would abuse him and insult him and that is something I wanted to avoid."

Six weeks ago, Mr Othman's son, Adel, 22, a fruit and vegetable vendor, was shot dead by police in Port Said. In May, Adel's widow is due to give birth to their first child.

"Everything that is beautiful in my life has died," says Mr Othman, crying, and looking across at a large framed photograph of his son.

"The government said they did not use live ammunition, they said they used the simplest ways to protect themselves, but they shot my son, a passer-by."

'A bitter seed'

For many in Port Said, Adel's death, and the killing of dozens of other people in clashes with the police in recent weeks have been further evidence that they are treated like second-class Egyptians.

Banners appeared declaring it "The Republic of Port Said" and the city has become the focus of discontent with Egypt's post-revolution leadership.

Clearly aware of the importance the issue has assumed, President Morsi has been attempting to ease the tensions in Port Said.

The president invited some of the city's aggrieved, and grieving, including Mohamed Othman, to meet him.

Mr Morsi also gave a televised address to the people of Port Said, calling those killed in the recent clashes "martyrs," with all the symbolism, and indeed the compensation, that brings.

 

But evidently, for many, his efforts have not been enough.

"Dr Mohammed Morsi has planted a bitter seed inside me," says Mr Othman. "Even if he brought me all the honey in the world, it will not remove the bitterness I experienced."

 

More on: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-21822371

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Visite de Morsi: les esprits s'échauffent

Visite de Morsi: les esprits s'échauffent | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
La visite du président égyptien Mohammed Morsi dans le sud du pays a provoqué des affrontements entre ses partisans et ses détracteurs. Les policiers ont eu recours à du gaz lacrymogène afin de disperser la foule.

Le dirigeant se trouvait à Sohag pour assister au lancement d’un projet immobilier et d’un complexe éducatif lorsque des milliers de protestataires ont tenté de pénétrer de force dans l’immeuble où il se trouvait en compagnie de responsables locaux.

Les supporters de Mohammed Morsi, qui appartient au mouvement des Frères musulmans, ont répliqué en scandant des slogans dans la salle où le président prononçait un discours, lançant notamment qu’ils étaient prêt à donner leur vie pour lui.

Des affrontements ont éclaté entre opposants et partisans à l’extérieur de l’édifice, ce qui a provoqué l’intervention policière visant à séparer les belligérants.

Selon le site Internet Ahram, contrôlé par l’État, des manifestations étudiantes et un boycott des professeurs ont forcé le président à annuler sa visite de l’université de Sohag.

 

http://journalmetro.com/monde/275994/visite-de-morsi-les-esprits-sechauffent/

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Les habitants de Sohag protestent contre Morsi lors de sa visite أهالي (& vidéo) سوهاج يتظاهرون ضد زيارة مرسي ويطالبونه بالرحي

Les habitants de Sohag protestent contre Morsi lors de sa visite أهالي (& vidéo) سوهاج يتظاهرون ضد زيارة مرسي ويطالبونه بالرحي | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Plusieurs citoyens et activistes du Gouvernorat de Sohag ont organisé des protestations lors de la visite du Président Morsi, réclamant son départ et la chute du Guide spirituel de la Confrérie des FM.

 

La police a eu recours aux bombes lacrymogènes pour disperser les manifestants, parmi lesquels on a compté de nombreux blessés. Morsi avait inauguré lors de sa visite plusieurs projets dans le gouvernorat, et a également présidé une mini- réunion ministérielle, en présence du Premier ministre

 

Le Procureur Général

D'autre part, le Procureur a sû quitter son bureau à la « Haute Cour » (Dar el Kadaa el Aly), sur recommandation de la sécurité,  en prévision d’éventuelles émeutes ou violences de la part des supporters du club "Ultras" qui devaient arriver à Dar el Kadaa el Aly  pour protester contre la décision d’'incarcération de 38 de leurs collègues à Shebin el Kom, Menoufia.

 

نظم العديد من أهالي محافظة سوهاج والحركات السياسية الثورية، وقفة احتجاجية ضد زيارة الرئيس محمد مرسي ...

 

http://www.alarabiya.net/ar/arab-and-world/egypt/2013/03/16/أهالي-سوهاج-يتظاهرون-ضد-زيارة-مرسي-ويطالبونه-بالرحيل.html#

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Exploiting the Muslim Brotherhood Meltdown

Exploiting the Muslim Brotherhood Meltdown | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Several experts and commentators have attributed much of Egypt's economic and political turmoil to the ineptitude and intolerance of the ruling Muslim Brotherhood.


Yet Egypt's main opposition party, the National Salvation Front (NSF), a coalition of liberals, leftists, secularists, moderate Muslims, business interests and minorities, has yet to visibly establish itself as a viable alternative and has been accused of being fragmented and "out of touch" with voters. Time is of the essence, however, because as much as the Muslim Brothers have illustrated their inability to govern, they have also proven quite adept at the art of political mobilization.

By every measure available President Mohamed Morsi's economic program has been an abject failure. Foreign currency reserves are currently at $13.5 billion, enough to cover only three months of imports in a country that relies on foreign sources for 70% of its food. Egypt is also suffering from skyrocketing inflation, reduced tourism revenue, capital flight, lack of foreign direct investment and high levels of unemployment.

 

The IMF has been prepared to extend Egypt a $4.8 billion loan if Cairo is willing to implement fiscal reforms, like eradicating fuel and food subsidies and raising consumption taxes. Critics contend such measures would devastate the two-fifths of Egypt's 84 million people who live near the poverty line, while financial experts believe it represents Egypt's best chance for recovery.

 

The Brothers realize enacting the IMF's austerity measures would be political suicide in light of pending parliamentary elections. The problem is nobody knows when these contests are to occur because Morsi's call for April elections was overturned by court decree.

Even more distressing than the uncertainty surrounding the timing of the elections is how President Morsi's rule by fiat -- including granting himself immunity from judicial supervision -- has gradually weakened the role of parliament. During a phone interview on Wednesday Professor M. Steven Fish, a political scientist from the University of California at Berkeley, said this type of concentrated power is always "poison for democracy."(...)

 

More on: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-hughes/exploiting-the-muslim-bro_b_2882081.html

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Egypt's president praises police despite criticism

Egypt's president has commended the country's police force in the face of public criticism over its violent response to demonstrations.

Mohammed Morsi told riot police their courage and sacrifice are needed. He warned them against breaking ranks.

Part of the force is on strike to protest what some officers see as an attempt by Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood to control them. The Brotherhood denies that.  Speaking at a riot police camp on Friday, Morsi told members of the black-clad force to be aware of Egypt's enemies abroad who want to see the country divided.

 

Egypt's riot police have been engaged in violent confrontations with protesters. A government report obtained this week by The Associated Press concludes that police were behind nearly all the killings of protesters during the country's 2011 uprising.

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Shia-Sunni Friction Growing In Egypt

Shia-Sunni Friction Growing In Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Some of Egypt's leading Islamist parties are planning a demonstration this week in Tahrir Square to protest what they believe are warming relations between Iran and Egypt. Their concerns are not focused solely on a possible diplomatic rapprochement, but what they fear more -- creeping Shiism in Sunni lands.

Since the Egyptian revolution, Sunni animosity in Egypt toward Shia Muslims has increased and gone public in a country where, in the past, doctrinal differences between the two Islamic sects were barely mentioned.

Even at al Azhar, the mosque and university complex that is a seat for Sunni learning and where Shia jurisprudence is taught as part of the curriculum, there is far less tolerance than in the past.

"You can't trust the Shia because of taqiya," a scholar at Al Azhar told me in February when I was in Cairo. He was referring to a practice permitted in Shia Islam whereby followers may deny or otherwise obscure their religious beliefs if they feel they are under threat of persecution.

The dispensation of taqiya was particularly important historically because the Shia often lived as minorities in Sunni-dominated societies, as is the case in Egypt and much of the Arab world. The concept of taqiya does not exist in Sunni jurisprudence, but the practice of self-preservation is not unknown.

The Egyptian government under former President Hosni Mubarak considered Iran its enemy for different reasons. Since the 1979 Islamic revolution, Iran's regime articulated the grievances that many Arabs felt toward the United States and its support for dictators like Mubarak in their own countries.

 

Iran also stood with Syria as the bulwark against Israel's harsh treatment of Arabs, particularly Palestinians. Moreover, Mubarak often feared -- unjustifiably -- that Egypt's Islamists would embrace the Iranian model of a theocratic state.

 

Since the election of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi, a leader in the Muslim Brotherhood, Iran has viewed the Islamist presidency as an opportunity, ignoring much of the criticism among Egypt's Islamists. But the reality is something different: instead of enhancing Muslim solidarity, the rise of Egypt's different strands of Islamism have served to confront Iran on political and theological grounds.(...)

 

More on: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/geneive-abdo/shiasunni-friction-growin_b_2859787.html

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Presidency wants court to explain ruling that suspended elections

Hend Kortam | Daily news Egypt

 

The presidency asserted its respect for the judiciary on Wednesday and demanded the Administrative Court explain two of the principles included in the 6 March court ruling that suspended the parliamentary elections.

“The presidency asserts its full respect of the Administrative Court ruling… which led to the suspension of all of the Supreme Electoral Committee’s procedures and postponing the whole electoral process,” a statement released by the presidency read.

The statement comes one day after the State Litigation Authority appealed the 6 March ruling. The appeal will be considered by the Supreme Constitutional Court, Egypt’s highest court, on 17 March.

Following the appeal, the presidency said it is looking forward to reviewing principles included in the court’s decision, saying that the aim behind these clarifications is to affirm its commitment to upholding court rulings.

The presidency wants an explanation of Article 141 of the constitution which states that the president exercises his powers through the prime minister and cabinet of ministers which is why the court saw that the prime minster and relevant minister should have signed the law passed by the Shura Council before the law was issued by the president.

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/14/presidency-wants-court-to-explain-ruling-that-suspended-elections/

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Egypt: Will The Army Step In? – OpEd

Egypt: Will The Army Step In? – OpEd | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt is getting out of control: The police are on strike in a number of cities, the civil disobedience in Port Said is in its fourth week, hooligans are attacking and ransacking public buildings, and angry youth are clashing with anti-riot police on daily basis. The government has been unable to end chronic fuel shortages while large parts of Sinai suffer from lawlessness.

President Muhammad Mursi has failed to reach a compromise with the opposition National Salvation Front (NSF) which insists on boycotting legislative elections. The economy is suffering and negotiations with the IMF over a $ 4.8 billion loan are faltering. Everyday there is death and mayhem somewhere in the country.

Last week a high court ordered the suspension of parliamentary elections, called for by President Mursi two weeks ago, and referred the election law to the Constitutional Court. In the midst of strikes, clashes and political uncertainty, calls on the army to take over are getting louder.

The hardliners say counterrevolutionary forces are at work to undermine the presidency and efforts to stabilize the country.

 

Last week a high court ordered the suspension of parliamentary elections, called for by President Mursi two weeks ago, and referred the election law to the Constitutional Court. In the midst of strikes, clashes and political uncertainty, calls on the army to take over are getting louder.

The hardliners say counterrevolutionary forces are at work to undermine the presidency and efforts to stabilize the country.

 

The NSF, an umbrella of opposition parties, says it is Mursi’s authoritarian edicts that triggered Egypt’s current crisis. In fact it could be all these things. Certainly there are forces that do not want the conservatives to succeed. But President Mursi and the Muslim Brotherhood have failed to win the trust of the opposition. They are accused of acting unilaterally by imposing their own constitution and denying others a role in shaping the future of the country.

The opposition is suspicious of attempts by the Muslim Brotherhood to infiltrate the state’s secular institutions including the judiciary, the army and the Ministry of Interior. But the street is like a runaway train.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Rebellious youth no longer listen to the NSF. They want to topple the regime and start a revolution. And yes, remnants of the old system may be conspiring to disrupt attempts to end the state of anarchy. No one really knows who is behind recent attacks on newspapers, public buildings and businesses associated with the Islamists.(...)

 

More on: http://www.eurasiareview.com/13032013-egypt-will-the-army-step-in-oped/

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Egypte: Face au mouvement de désobéissance civile, Morsi ferme les yeux sur ce qu’il représente et réprime

Egypte: Face au mouvement de désobéissance civile, Morsi ferme les yeux sur ce qu’il représente et réprime | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

La ville de Port-Saïd est en désobéissance civile, la violence va crescendo et le bilan des victimes s’alourdit. Le régime des Frères musulmans fait la sourde oreille laissant la situation pourrir. Les peines prononcées à la suite du procès du drame du stade de Port- Saïd, et qui ont été confirmées cette semaine, ont suscité l’explosion de la fureur des Ports-Saïdis [1].


Ces derniers ont le sentiment qu’ils sont des boucs émissaires et que le régime s’entête à faire la sourde oreille. Puisque, face aux émeutes frappant la ville, le régime des Frères musulmans ne réagit que par des mesures répressives.Se trouvant dans une situation embarrassante, le régime des Frères musulmans a opté pour la fermeté dans une tentative de reprendre le contrôle d’une situation qui lui échappe. C’est ce que révèle la politique du président Morsi qui a trouvé dans le durcissement de la poigne sécuritaire la seule solution à la crise de Port-Saïd.

Dès le début de la crise, fin janvier 2013, Morsi a décrété un couvre-feu d’un mois dans les trois villes du Canal de Suez: Port-Saïd, Ismaïliya et Suez, au lieu d’être à l’écoute d’un peuple frustré. Si les Frères musulmans persistent à gérer la situation en recourant au sécuritaire, c’est parce qu’il ne s’agit, pour eux, que de «hooligans» et de «casseurs», comme les ont qualifiés le président Morsi et sa confrérie.

 

«Ce qui se passe à Port- Saïd ne peut pas être qualifié de désobéissance civile. Ce ne sont que des actes de hooliganisme que les Egyptiens rejettent», c’est ce qu’a déclaré le président Morsi.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Une position certes partagée par sa confrérie accusée d’immobilisme et de mauvaise gestion des affaires publiques. Oussama Gado, cadre de la confrérie, estime que les contestations à Port-Saïd sont limitées et ne visent qu’à discréditer le président Morsi. «Ceux qui sont à l’origine des émeutes à Port-Saïd sont des voyous et des gens appartenant à l’ancien régime et voulant semer le désordre dans le pays. Il est temps de rétablir la stabilité et de poursuivre l’instauration des institutions de l’Etat», indique Gado, estimant que la présidence a traité l’affaire de Port-Saïd avec assez de lucidité. «Pourquoi tout ce tollé? Le verdict de Port-Saïd n’est pas irrévocable, et les familles des condamnés peuvent faire un recours. Pourquoi donc politiser un procès tranché par la justice au lieu de valoriser les intérêts publics?», se demande Abdel-Moneim Abdel-Maqsoud, avocat de la confrérie.

 

Plus: http://alencontre.org/moyenorient/egypte/egypte-face-au-mouvement-de-desobeissance-civile-morsi-ferme-les-yeux-sur-ce-quil-represente-et-reprime.html

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Retour sur ce jour où Mohamed Morsi s'est fait «pharaon»

Retour sur ce jour où Mohamed Morsi s'est fait «pharaon» | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Issandr el Amrani, dans un billet de blog publié sur The Arabist, rappelle qu’en novembre dernier, cette « déclaration constitutionnelle » avait suscité de nombreuses spéculations « quant aux raisons pour lesquelles cette déclaration a été publiée (immédiatement après un regain de crise à Gaza), qui l’avait planifiée et qui n’avait pas été mise dans la boucle, et bien entendu, quel était son but. »

Depuis ce jour de novembre 2012, l’opposition au président égyptien ne désarme pas. Tous les opposants restent sur leurs gardes car ils savent désormais que Mohamed Morsi, et derrière lui les Frères musulmans, sont capables de tout. La « déclaration constitutionnelle » du président égyptient avait failli plonger l’Egypte dans une deuxième révolution, un journaliste égyptien revient sur les coulisses de ce « coup d’Etat ».

Pour expliquer le chaos qui règne actuellement en Egypte, il faut se retourner quelques mois en arrière et retrouver le jour où, soudainement, le président égyptien Mohamed Morsi a décidé, par une déclaration constitutionnelle immédiatement décriée, de s’arroger de nombreux pouvoir au mépris, pour les manifestants de la place Tahrir, des idées démocratiques de la révolution.

Monarque absolu

Par cette déclaration, le président Morsi avait permis de placer toutes ses décisions à l’abri d’un recours de la justice, accusée d’être très proche de l’ancien régime. Mohamed Morsi s’était également arrogé tous les pouvoirs, de manière provisoire, en attendant le vote de la constitution du pays et de nouvelles élections législatives. La mobilisation de l’opposition avait été telle que le président Morsi avait été forcé, quelques semaines plus tard, d’abroger ce décret. Depuis, l’adoption en force de la nouvelle constitution égyptienne, a remis de l’huile sur le feu en Egypte et a plongé le pays dans une nouvelle crise.

Mohamed Basal est reporter pour le journal al-Shorouk. Dans un article paru au début du mois et, depuis, repris par de nombreux bloggeurs égyptiens, ce journaliste revient sur l’évènement du 22 novembre dernier, qualifié de « coup d’Etat » par tous les opposants du président en place.

Toute la lumière sur le décret du président Morsi

Issandr el Amrani, dans un billet de blog publié sur The Arabist, rappelle qu’en novembre dernier, cette « déclaration constitutionnelle » avait suscité de nombreuses spéculations « quant aux raisons pour lesquelles cette déclaration a été publiée (immédiatement après un regain de crise à Gaza), qui l’avait planifiée et qui n’avait pas été mise dans la boucle, et bien entendu, quel était son but. »

 

Plus: http://www.jolpress.com/egypte-mohamed-morsi-crise-pharaon-constitution-decret-constitutionnel-opposition-article-818004.html

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King Abdullah ‘unimpressed’ with Morsi -

King Abdullah ‘unimpressed’ with Morsi - | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

King Abdullah II of Jordan spoke critically of President Mohamed Morsi and other regional leaders in an interview conducted by American journalist Jeffrey Goldberg and published in The Atlantic on Monday.

The article stated that Abdullah was “decidedly unimpressed” with Morsi when they met recently in Riyadh.

“There’s no depth to the guy,” Abdullah said, in reference to Morsi’s understanding of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and the role that Fatah and Hamas should play in it.

 

More on:http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/19/king-abdullah-unimpressed-with-morsi/

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Tuesday’s Papers: Morsy abroad, falling economy and Military Academy surprises at home

Tuesday’s Papers: Morsy abroad, falling economy and Military Academy surprises at home | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

“President Morsy receives Honorary Doctorate Degree” from the Pakistani prime minister, appears with pictures as a headline on the front page of Al-Ahram.

The flagship state daily reports Morsy’s comments that “his country” will continue its support for Pakistan, labeling the conservative Islamic country a “friend” when he met with Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari in Islamabad. The president arrived in Pakistan on Monday, on a South Asian tour during which he will also visit India as he works to promote trade and investment to “aid Egypt's troubled economy.”

Al-Ahram reports that during his talks, Morsy emphasized the importance of “distinguished bilateral relations” to develop collaboration between both countries in the fields of technology, military cooperation and economic development.

 

In a somewhat sarcastic portrayal of the president’s honoring ceremony in Pakistan, privately owned Al-Shorouk reports that Morsy has managed yet again to be the butt of jokes in the world of Twitter and Facebook. His wearing of a “weird golden-bowl” on his head while receiving the degree was just what the “likes of Bassem Youssef” — often described as the Egyptian Jon Stewart — needed to “mock him.”

 

More on: http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/tuesday-s-papers-morsy-abroad-falling-economy-and-military-academy-surprises-home

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Pakistan university awards Egypt president honorary PhD

Pakistan university awards Egypt president honorary PhD | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Pakistan’s National University for Science and Technology awarded Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi an honorary doctorate in philosophy during his visit to Islamabad on Monday. 

State television aired footage of Pakistani Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf as he handed the certificate to Mursi. 

During the ceremony, Mursi gave a speech referring to the role of Islamic civilizations in spreading science and knowledge that, according to him, led to the enlightenment of the West. 

He also stressed on the importance of working hard to revive the Islamic world’s leading role in literature, physics, chemistry and other sciences and fields.

The Islamist president departed Cairo this morning heading to Pakistan’s Islamabad in an official visit that will be followed by another to India’s New Delhi. 

The last visit of an Egyptian president to India was made in November of 2008 by deposed leader Hosni Mubarak while Mursi’s visit to Islamabad is the first of an Egyptian president since Anwar al-Sadat’s in 1974. 

According to the presidential statement, Mursi will meet with Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari and Indian President Pranab Mukherjee as well as senior officials from both sides. 

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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Supporters and opponents of Egypt's president clash in south, forcing him to cut visit short

Supporters and opponents of Egypt's president clash in south, forcing him to cut visit short | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 Police fired tear gas to disperse thousands of supporters and opponents of President Mohammed Morsi during clashes that erupted on Saturday as he launched development projects in southern Egyptian where residents have long complained of being neglected by the central government.

Morsi was in Sohag province to unveil a housing project and new education complex when thousands of anti-government protesters tried to storm the hall where he was meeting with local officials. The rioting came as Morsi was trying to reach out to residents of Sohag, one of Egypt's poorest southern cities.

Under long-time ruler Hosni Mubarak, who was ousted in a popular uprising two years ago, the southern area known as al-Saeed was underdeveloped and impoverished. Businessmen close to Mubarak's family were blamed for orchestrating economic reform that liberalized the economy, but left the country's poor hard-pressed to reap the benefits of economic growth.

Morsi sought to assure residents there that the era of corruption, deprivation and neglect had ended.

In one of the country's high-profile corruption cases, former Tourism Minister Zuheir Garana and ex-Housing Minister Ahmed Maghrabi were found not guilty Saturday in a case involving the sale of state land for cut-rate prices in the country's prized resort areas along the Red Sea. (Edmonton jurnal)

 

More : http://www.edmontonjournal.com/travel/Former+Egyptian+ministers+found+guilty+illegally+selling/8109792/story.html

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Egyptians fear decay of press freedoms under Morsi

Egyptians fear decay of press freedoms under Morsi | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Each morning before the sun rises, newspapers are delivered across the country, often with blazing criticisms of the Egyptian government and President Mohammed Morsi.

 

On the newsstands, the competing editions are examples of the free speech and media freedoms that were among the principal gains of the nation's 2-year-old revolt that toppled dictator Hosni Mubarak.

But Mubarak-era laws still on the books and government encroachment on freedom of expression is clashing with a government that is embracing some democratic ideals and not others.

"This is an example of the struggle between the old Egypt and the new Egypt," said Sherif Mansour, Middle East and North Africa coordinator for the Committee to Protect Journalists.

 

Many Egyptians have enthusiastically seized on the new freedom to say and write what they believe about the government since Mubarak's ouster. But since Morsi was elected president last year, there have been tangible deterioration in press freedoms.

 

Among them are several criminal prosecutions against journalists made possible by the laws of Mubarak's era.(...)

"It's getting worse day after day," said Nihad Aboud, freedom of media and artistic creation programs coordinator at the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression, in Egypt.

 

Repressive laws also extend to insults on religion and over the past several months there has been an increase in the number of blasphemy prosecutions

(....)

 

"Egypt is heading toward a real breakdown," said Liliane Daoud, a broadcast journalist with the privately owned ONTV.

 

Daoud believes the fight for free speech could have long-term positive consequences. The more the general public becomes aware of issues related to freer speech and media, the more they will demand it, she said.

 

More on: http://www.desmoinesregister.com/usatoday/article/1963237

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Le président égyptien Mohamed Morsi en visite au Pakistan lundi

Le président égyptien Mohamed Morsi en visite au Pakistan lundi | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le président égyptien Mohamed Morsi effectuera lundi une visite officielle de 24 heures au Pakistan à la tête d'une délégation "de haut niveau", a annoncé samedi le ministère pakistanais des Affaires étrangères.

"Cette visite représente un tournant dans les relations traditionnelles et amicales entre les deux grands pays musulmans" a indiqué le porte-parole du ministère, ajoutant que Mohamed Morsi était "le premier" leader égyptien porté au pouvoir à l'issue d'une élection "libre et démocratique " à visiter le Pakistan.
    
Des entretiens avec son homologue Asif Ali Zardari devraient déboucher sur la signature d'accords bilatéraux, selon le ministère, qui ne précise pas lesquels.

"La décision du président Morsi de choisir le Pakistan pour sa première visite en Asie du Sud, est le signe que l'Egypte veut ajouter un nouveau chapitre à ses relations bilatérales avec le Pakistan" a-t-il ajouté.

La dernière visite au Pakistan d'un président égyptien remonte à celle de Gamal Abdel Nasser dans les années 60.

 

http://www.bfmtv.com/international/president-egyptien-mohamed-morsi-lundi-pakistan-471716.html

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Egyptians March in Port Said to Reject Mursi Overture

Egyptians March in Port Said to Reject Mursi Overture | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Thousands of Egyptians marched in Port Said in rejection of a pledge by President Mohamed Mursi to probe violence that has seen dozens of protesters killed in clashes with police since the start of the year.

 

“We are saddened by any drop of Egyptian blood in Port Said or elsewhere,” Mursi told residents of the northeastern city in a televised address late yesterday. “When the findings emerge, everyone will get what they deserve.”

 

Mursi said law and order should be respected. He also vowed to heed calls to create jobs and a free trade zone in Port Said, demands that predate the 2011 uprising that ousted Hosni Mubarak.

“Your demands for employment and trade are in my heart and it is my responsibility to fulfil them,” he said.

 

Violence erupted in Port Said in January after a Cairo court sentenced 21 locals to death for their role in a fatal soccer riot last year. (...)

 

“We are all Egyptians, one hand, and one heart,” Mursi said in the TV address. “There are those who try to frame our differences as a split, which is untrue.”

 

More on: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-15/egyptians-march-in-port-said-to-reject-mursi-overture.html

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Egypte : les victimes des événements de port Said auront le statut de martyrs

Egypte : les victimes des événements de port Said auront le statut de martyrs | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Le président égyptien Mohamed Morsi a décidé, hier jeudi 14 mars, que les victimes des derniers événements de port Saïd et des affrontements devant la direction de la sécurité auront le statut de martyrs et bénéficieront des mêmes indemnités. 
Cette décision a été annoncée suite à sa réunion avec trois des familles des victimes.  http://www.shemsfm.net/fr/actualite/egypte-les-victimes-des-evenements-de-port-said-auront-le-statut-de-martyrs?id=39833
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Presidential powers questioned in elections appeal

Presidential powers questioned in elections appeal | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 A judicial body on Wednesday appealed the Cairo Administrative Court's recent decision to suspend upcoming parliamentary elections, raising questions over the future of the contentious elections and the exercise of presidential powers.

The State Lawsuit Authority lodged its appeal before the Supreme Administrative Court on behalf of the president’s office, Shura Council and justice minister a week after a presidential spokesperson said leaders respected the original ruling.

The court suspended House of Representative polls shortly after President Mohamed Morsy officially scheduled the elections to start in April, saying the Supreme Constitutional Court must review elections law amendments made by the Shura Council.

The SCC had requested the amendments after finding five articles in the draft legislation unconstitutional.

The decision to bypass a final approval by the SCC had drawn heated criticism from many worried the new parliamentary polls would be subject to legal challenges should the Shura Council’s amendments fail to rectify the unconstitutional articles.

 

Now the government is arguing that scheduling elections falls under the auspices of the president’s office and, as such, cannot be subject to judicial suspension or appeal.

 

Raafat Fouda, a professor of constitutional law at Cairo University, tells Egypt Independent that Morsy’s claim does not have solid legal foundations.

 

Sovereign decisions are issued by the executive authority in its capacity as a ruling power. Usually, this entails scheduling elections, decisions related to defense, national security and the state’s foreign policy,” Fouda explains.

 

More on: http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/presidential-powers-questioned-elections-appeal

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Another Port Said victim dies in hospital

Another Port Said victim dies in hospital | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Another victim of Port Said violence died in hospital Wednesday due to inhalation of tear gas.(...) 

President Mohamed Morsy is scheduled to meet families of the victims who died in the ongoing violence Thursday.  

However, a number of victims' families rejected the offer and described participating as “treason.”

Enas al-Sheikh, deputy head of Port Said University and a former leader of the now-dissolved National Democratic Party, met with families Wednesday evening, urging them to attend talks with Morsy.

Meanwhile, Hamdeen Sabbahi, founder of the Popular Current movement, said Port Said is a model of civil disobedience for the country during a recent meeting a delegation from the canal city.

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La révolution égyptienne se poursuit, mais sans perspective

La révolution égyptienne se poursuit, mais sans perspective | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Deux années après le renversement de Moubarak, la crise politique et sociale à l’origine du soulèvement populaire s’approfondit. Le processus révolutionnaire est loin d’être achevé, mais aucune alternative politique sérieuse n’émerge face aux résidus de l’ancien régime et au gouvernement islamiste du président Morsi. C’est l’impasse…Les affrontements politiques violents se poursuivent en Egypte sur fond de désobéissance de la police, de résistance de la Justice et d’impuissance du président et du gouvernement à répondre aux principales attentes de la population. Les changements politiques intervenus jusqu’ici ainsi que les diverses élections pluralistes tenues depuis le départ du dictateur n’ont pas réglé la crise politique. Celle-ci s’approfondit.

La crise politique se caractérise par plusieurs éléments : une situation de double-pouvoir au sein du régime, une poursuite de la contestation politique du président par les oppositions démocrate et révolutionnaire et une persistance des luttes sociales. Cette crise politique se déroule sur fond de marasme économique duquel l’Egypte n’arrive pas à s’extirper.

La situation de double-pouvoir oppose de manière feutrée, au sein même du régime, le président et son gouvernement à une partie des anciens du régime de Moubarak retranchés dans la police, l’armée, la justice et l’administration. Et ce, en dépit du récent appel de Moubarak à soutenir Morsi. Fraichement élu, ce dernier avait gagné ses premières batailles en mettant les dirigeants du Conseil des forces armées à la retraite et en limogeant le procureur général d’Egypte… Mais ces victoires partielles n’ont pas mis fin à l’opposition d’un certain nombre de secteurs du régime rétifs aux tentatives des Frères musulmans d’instaurer leur pouvoir.

La justice, par le biais du tribunal administratif du Caire, a ainsi reporté les législatives convoquées pour le 22 avril par le président Morsi afin de renouveler l’assemblée nationale dissoute en juin 2012. Le tribunal a jugé la procédure présidentielle non conforme à la Constitution. Le président et ses partisans ne se sont pas opposés à cette décision. Le tribunal a par ailleurs renvoyé la loi électorale devant la Haute cour constitutionnelle (HCC), pour examen.
Egypt-actus's insight:
La crise politique perdureLe gouvernement Morsi doit également faire face à la fronde de la police qui a suspendu son travail. Les policiers revendiquent la non-utilisation de la police à des fins politiques, le limogeage du ministre de l’Intérieur Mohamed Ibrahim, des armes pour permettre aux policiers de se défendre… Ils reprochent au gouvernement de les envoyer désarmés au-devant des manifestants (opposants, syndicalistes, supporters de football…). Plus: http://www.lanation.info/La-revolution-egyptienne-se-poursuit-mais-sans-perspective_a2026.html

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ElBaradei warns of impending disaster due to Morsi’s stubbornness

ElBaradei warns of impending disaster due to Morsi’s stubbornness | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Basil El-Dabh | Daily news Egypt

 

Opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei blamed the ruling government for growing divisions in the country.

“The continuation of the current system means more failure,” said ElBaradei in a Tuesday night interview on the CBC television channel. “I spoke with [President Mohamed] Morsi two months ago and asked him to be a president for all Egyptians, but then he issued the [22 November] constitutional declaration,” the Al-Dostour Party leader added.

ElBaradei pointed to incidents of violence and torture by the police, corruption, and unreformed wage policy as “practices of the former regime”.

The National Salvation Front (NSF) leader strongly criticised the Morsi administration, saying it lacked vision and understanding.

ElBaradei, who announced his intention to run for president after the revolution but decided to withdraw, said he did not regret his decision. “I don’t regret not entering the presidential elections. I couldn’t enter elections when there wasn’t a constitution,” he said.

 

More : http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/03/13/elbaradei-warns-of-impending-disaster-due-to-morsis-stubbornness/

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