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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egyptian Regulator Appeals Against Court's Youtube Ban

Egyptian Regulator Appeals Against Court's Youtube Ban | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egyptian authorities appealed on Thursday against a court order banning the video file-sharing site YouTube for a month over an amateur video that denigrates the Prophet Mohammad, saying the ruling was unenforceable.

"The National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority has presented an appeal to halt implementation of the verdict," said a statement from the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.

Egypt's administrative court ordered the ministries of communication and investment to block YouTube, owned by Google, inside the country because it had carried the film "Innocence of Muslims", said the state news agency MENA. (...)

 

A statement issued after talks between ministry officials and the telecoms regulator said it was technically impossible to shut down YouTube in Egypt without affecting Google's Internet search engine, incurring potentially huge costs and job losses.

"The government cannot carry out the contents of the verdict within Egypt's borders," the statement said. The only step the authorities could take was to block the offending film within Egypt, which had already been done.

Only the United States had the capability to shut down YouTube, it said.

 

More on: http://www.60news.com/news-egyptian-regulator-appeals-against-court-s-youtube-186773/



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Freedom Loving Egyptians Back Michelle Malkin on Muslim Brotherhood's Morsi

Freedom Loving Egyptians Back Michelle Malkin on Muslim Brotherhood's Morsi | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Over the weekend an Egyptian court controlled by the radical Muslim Brotherhood's Mohamed Morsi banned YouTube, citing the "Innocence of Muslims" movie trailer as a reason why it was necessary. This is the same movie trailer the Obama administration blamed for the 9/11 attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya. However, this story goes beyond banning a video that insults Islam, it's about clamping down on free expression and access to information.

Steven Laboe, owner of the YouTube channel "RightSightings," has seen a spike in subscribers to his channel in the past 30 days. After investigating, Laboe found the vast majority of new subscribers were Muslims from Egypt backing a recent news clip of conservative columnist Michelle Malkin on Fox News' Hannity.

"I've had over 1000 subscribers to my YouTube channel, over half are Muslims from Egypt who are backing up Michelle Malkin's anti-Morsi video," Laboe tells Townhall.

 

The video being praised by freedom loving Egyptians shows Malkin discussing the tyranny of Morsi and the havoc he has brought to Egypt after revolution. She also discussed President Obama's lack of leadership on the issue. (...)

 

"Egyptian people didn't really elect Morsi as the elections was rigged by the supreme council of armed forces (SCAF) which is still the? real ruler of Egypt till now. Morsi is a dictator just like Mubarak with only one difference, that is the beard! No rest in Egypt and in the entire middle east will happen until Morsi and Muslim Brotherhood step down," another wrote.

Although there are also many negative comments, the overwhelming positive response to Malkin's commentary by people inside Egypt (prior to the YouTube ban of course) is encouraging.

 

More on: http://townhall.com/tipsheet/katiepavlich/2013/02/11/freedom-loving-egyptians-back-michelle-malkin-on-muslim-brotherhoods-morsi-n1509531

 

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Egypt: Blocking Youtube Indicates Crisis of Public Freedoms in Egypt

Egypt: Blocking Youtube Indicates Crisis of Public Freedoms in Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

On February 9, 2013, the Egyptian Administrative Court decided blocking YouTube website and all the internet links lead to Prophet Mohamed insulting video for a month. The Egyptian prime minister and the head of the National Telecommunication Regulatory are assigned to take the required measures for activation of the court decision. (...)

 

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) stated that blocking YouTube depriving the Egyptians of their right to access to information, which represents collective punishment of the Egyptians and isolation from the outside world. the goal of this block is covering political crimes committed against the nation, while EOHR stresses that such decisions, elevated to the rank of judicial decisions are violations of the international standards on freely exchanging information, especially the article (19) of the International Covenant on civil and Political Rights, which guarantees the right of everyone to freedom of expression including the freedom to seek various forms of information and ideas, receiving and transferring to others without regard to borders, whether in writing or in print, arts, or through any other kinds of media of his choice. (...)

 

More on: http://allafrica.com/stories/201302100195.html

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Probing With Dina Abdel Fattah Is To Terrorize Media: Hamdy

Probing With Dina Abdel Fattah Is To Terrorize Media: Hamdy | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Hamdy Kandeel is an Egyptian TV and Radio personality, has condemned the prosecutor general's decision of investigating with Dina Abdel Fattah, Presenter of "Al Shaab Yoreed" (People Want) talk show, next Sunday over hosting members of Black Block Group.

On his "Twitter" account, Kandeel said that the aim of probing with Dina Abdel Fattah is to terrorize the media and to thwart its prime mission, which is find facts.

On the other hand, the Shura Council, in a session, has discussed the episode in which Dina Abdel Fattah hosted two members of the Black Block Group, whereas some members of the council believed that it promotes for terrorism, threatens the public peace, and encourages on vandalizing the State's facilities. These reasons led them to file a complaint before the prosecutor general against Dina Abdel Fattah.

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Front commun des artistes égyptiens pour la liberté d'expression

Front commun des artistes égyptiens pour la liberté d'expression | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Tandis que la nouvelle constitution égyptienne, défendue par les islamistes et adoptée au cours du mois de décembre dernier, menace de porter atteinte à la liberté d'expression, des artistes locaux, critiques et académiques s'unissent pour exprimer leur résistance contre le président Mohamed Morsi et la censure religieuse. C'est dans ce contexte que se tenait ce mois-ci une manifestation au Caire, dont le mot d'ordre était : « Long Live Free Art ». Par ailleurs, des acteurs ont remporté un procès contre des fondamentalistes qui les avaient accusés d'immoralité.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Un an après la révolution qui a secoué le pays, et alors que les islamistes démontrent au quotidien le caractère bien tranché de leurs positions à l'encontre de l'expression artistique, l'Égypte voit se multiplier les manifestations de masse, les performances d'art de rue, procès, lettres ouvertes et autres déclarations d'artistes entrés en résistance.

 

Différentes coalitions ont émergé à travers le pays. L'Egyptian Creativity Front notamment, dernier né des mouvements opposés aux ultraconservateurs des partis Al-Nour et Frères musulmans, avait protesté au cours des mois de novembre et décembre dernier contre la constitution et l'application de la charia.

 

Et dans un pays ou des politiques comme Yasser Borhami, un membre du parti Al-Nour, ont loué la constitution pour avoir établi « des restrictions à la liberté de pensée, d'expression et de créativité », les tensions sociales vont croissantes. 

 

Pour le moment, les Frères musulmans font activement la course aux comédiens, aux présentateurs de télévision, rédacteurs et autres journalistes, avec pour armes la censure et les attaques en justice pour motif d'insultes au président Morsi ou à l'islam. Mais le monde des artistes craint que cette chasse aux sorcières visant les médias ne s'élargisse à d'autres secteurs culturels.

 

Au cours de la manifestation Long Live Free Art, ont été exposées des oeuvres protestataires d'artistes comme Keizer, Moataz Nasr et Yasser Nabaiel. Et selon eux, ils ne sont pas prêts de céder face à la répression.

 

Fatenn Mostafa, fondateur de l'association Art Talks Egypt et conservateur de l'exposition, a déclaré : « La nouvelle constitution met la religion au-dessus de la loi et de la société civile. La crainte est que les Frères musulmans dictent ce qui est permis et ce qui n'est pas autorisé dans l'art. À partir du moment où vous imposez des règlements sur l'art, vous le tuez. [...] L'art comme moyen de résistance est tout à fait crucial aujourd'hui. Au point où nous en sommes, il nous faut descendre dans la rue, il faut combattre le feu par le feu. Il n'y a pas de révolution sans sacrifice. »

Sources : The Art Newspaper , Courrier International, via ActuaLitté

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Un journaliste égyptien empêché d'aller en Tunisie ou la liberté d’expression menacée

Un journaliste égyptien empêché d'aller en Tunisie ou la liberté d’expression menacée | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Consulat de Tunisie au Caire vient de refuser de delivrer le visa d’entree au journaliste egyptien Mahmoud Abderrahim (en Tunisie).

Celui-ci et malgré les multiples demandes et les démarches effectuées depuis plus d’un mois auprès des autorités consulaires tunisiennes n’a rien pu obtenir ce qui l’a empêché de venir (en Tunisie). C’est ce que vient d’indiquer "Arabic Network For Human Rights Information" (ANHRI) aujourd’hui, via le site Anhri.net

Egypt-actus's insight:

Il semble même que Mahmoud Abderrahim, qui est militant politique et coordinateur général de la commission populaire de la constitution égyptienne, a été victime d’une agression verbale de la part d’un fonctionnaire du consulat avant d’être informé du refus de bénéficier du visa.

A ce propos, "ANHRI" a publié un communiqué dans lequel elle estime que « le refus de délivrer un visa d’entrée à Mahmoud Abderrahim en Tunisie confirme la persistance de la mentalité sécuritaire dans la gestion du pays (la Tunisie) » considérant cette décision « contraire l’opposant politique comme un danger pour la sécurité outre le fait que ce refus porte atteinte au droit et à la liberté de déplacement et une restriction à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression envers quiconque l’utilise contre le pouvoir. »

Il faut souligner que Mahmoud Abderrahim est connu pour ses multiples écrits défavorables aux pouvoirs islamistes nés après le « printemps arabe » et dans lesquels il a critiqué à plusieurs reprises le pouvoir tunisien.

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Mursi’s crackdown on media sets a new record in Egypt’s history

Mursi’s crackdown on media sets a new record in Egypt’s history | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A recent human rights report warned that Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi has set a new record in the country’s history as the number of legal cases charging media figures and journalists for allegedly insulting the leader has glaringly risen.

The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information said that the number of filed legal cases against journalists was four times more than the number of files reported during former President Hosni Mubarak’s era and 24 times more in comparison to late President Anwar Sadat.

The 12 pages report, which will be officially released on Sunday, will highlight violations against the media and the press during the first 200 days of Mursi’s reign, the network’s official website said.

The report also includes all the names of media figures, journalists and citizens who were affected by the country’s penal code for insulting the president.

 

 

Other source: http://www.anhri.net/en/?p=10885

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Egypt is not supressing the media - Réponse de la Présidence à un article de Washington Post

Egypt is not supressing the media - Réponse de la Présidence à un article de Washington Post | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Regarding the WP editorial of 14 January “Egypt’s climate of intimidation”:

 

We are concerned that The Post would base its arguments on unsubstantiated allegations and seemingly call for President Mohamed Morsi to selectively suppress freedoms in Egypt.

Although appointed by the president, the prosecutor cited in the editorial cannot be removed from office by presidential decree and operates with independence. The president’s office has complained about fabricated news stories, which are becoming commonplace in Egyptian media. To our knowledge, no news anchors have been “yanked off the air,” as The Post described it, merely for being critical of the administration. The “state-run” papers continue to carry articles critical of the president and the government.

Further, the editorial seemed to suggest that the president should have ordered a crackdown on peaceful protests outside media offices simply because the protesters were voicing a pro-Morsi complaint. But freedom in the new Egypt must exist according to the law, not the whims of the presidency. Finally, The Post suggested that supporters of the president were involved in the death of a journalist, but forensic reports confirmed that Abu Deif was killed by the same type of bullet that killed seven pro-Morsi protesters at the same demonstrations.

Egypt has succeeded in approving a constitution and will soon have an elected legislature based on that constitution. Mr. Morsi continues to declare his unwavering support for a new Egypt in which the rule of law governs everyone — including the office of the president.

Yassir Ali, Cairo

The writer is spokesman for Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi.

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Egypt's human rights lawyers defend political satirist

Egypt's human rights lawyers defend political satirist | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

A number of Egyptian human rights lawyers formed a legal committee to defend freedom of expression on Monday. They will provide legal support for journalists and media workers who are exposed to threats and lawsuits while practicing their job.

The legal committee issued a statement saying that they will defend political satirist Bassem Youssef in the case filed against him to stop his weekly television show.

Youssef is accused of mocking President Mohamed Mursi and defaming religious scholars.

The statement added that the legal committee will establish an online page for receiving similar complaints of threats to the right of freedom of expression.

In a different incident, cartoonist Doaa al-Adl was accused of blasphemy for allegedly defaming religion in one of her caricatures.

In the same realm, a 27-year old blogger was sentenced to three years in prison for posting online materials that "defamed religions", a case which Amnesty International described as "an outrageous assault on freedom of expression".

Egypt director of Human Rights Watch Heba Morayef has recently commented on the alarming rise of criminal defamation cases, saying that "it is the greatest threat to freedom of expression".

Meanwhile, the Muslim Brotherhood's webpage reported that the Information Minister said that a new freedom of press law is being drafted to guarantee freedom of expression. (Aswat Masriya)

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Egypte : Le dénigrement de la religion et de l’individu - la nouvelle chasse aux sorcières ?

Egypte : Le dénigrement de la religion et de l’individu - la nouvelle chasse aux sorcières ? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Actuellement, pas un mois ne s'écoule en Egypte sans qu'on entende parler d'une nouvelle plainte contre des personnes pour dénigrement de la religion.
Egypt-actus's insight:

D’après Isaac Ibrahim de l’EIPR, une association Égyptienne de défense des Droits de l’Homme, on compte déjà 34 plaintes pour dénigrement de religion depuis le départ de Moubarak en février 2011. « Depuis l’ascension des islamistes au pouvoir, le nombre de plaintes contre des individus pour dénigrement de religion est en croissance continue, dont quelques-unes se sont transformées en affaire judiciaire ». Il ajoute que « déjà sous Moubarak, des lois qui limitent la liberté d’expression existaient… mais elles étaient dans le code pénal. L’ancienne constitution, en principe, défendait la liberté d’expression ».

La situation devient évidemment plus compliquée avec la nouvelle constitution (approuvée le mois dernier à 63,8% des voix). On note l’article 31, qui interdit « l’insulte aux individus » et l’article 44, qui interdit « les insultes envers les prophètes ». Rien qu’en lisant ces articles lors de leur publication, on arrive à s’imaginer les scénarios cauchemardesques qui vont en résulter.

Leur effet commence à se faire sentir. Il y a quelques jours un avocat islamiste a porté plainte contre Bassem Youssef, présentateur d’un programme satirique modelé sur la fameuse émission Américaine « The Daily Show With Jon Stewart ». Ce dernier est accusé d’avoir porté atteinte à la personne du président Morsi dans un sketch. Désormais, avec la nouvelle constitution, les railleries d’un comique pourront constituer « un crime ».

Si le régime des Frères Musulmans est capable d’intimider les médias d’opposition, il semble cependant avoir plus de difficultés à intimider l’ensemble de la population.

Ahmed El Lozy/Le Monde arabe en révolution(s)-Arte

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The Attorney general Must Stop the Mockery Investigation to the Activists of 6 of April Movement in Minya

Egypt-actus's insight:

The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information, today, denounces the summons of three activists from 6th of April movement in Manya by the public prosecution to investigate them in a report submitted by a member of the freedom and justice party on the background of graffiti during the peaceful demonstrations on December 14, 2012.

The facts of the report back to December 14, 2012, when different political forces in Manya governorate organized a peaceful demonstration call on for voting by no to the draft of the constitution on the morning of the following day of (Saturday December 15, 2012). In the frame of the protest’s events, a group of 6th of April movement activists draw a graffiti to the martyr Gika (who died as a result of injuries during the clashes in the street of Simon Bolivar in Tahrir square, in a previous time). According to the statements made by the activists of 6th of April, they said they were surprised when a huge number to who affiliate to MB and Freedom and Justice Party (the political arm of MB), assaulted them and took them to the head quarter of the freedom and justice party, where they were assaulted until the people and activists from several powers gathered in front of the headquarter which made the police forces come and arrest them for sometime, as “Hamdi Thabet” member of Shoura council from FJP and the member of MB, filed a report no. 12102 administrative Manya of 2012 against them, then they were released after a while.

Three of them; “Abdu Osama, Mina Roushdi and Ahmed Samir” were summoned by the public prosecution on Thursday January 10, 2013, to investigate them regarding to what was written in the report related to insulting the president Morsi.

ANHRI said that “the facts and the circumstances related to the process of filing the record against 6th of April activists, stating the malicious charges pressed on them. The public prosecution should have dropped all the charges and investigate the fact of assaulting the activists in addition to custody them illegally by the members of the freedom and justice party in the headquarter of the party”.

ANHRI added “repeating of such facts in which who affiliate to MB and the members of its political parry violated the law by assaulting the who oppose the president, MB and its party in addition to held them into custody then to submit them to the policemen and filing reports against them in the light of the cooperation between the security authorities and the investigative authorities of the public authorities acceptance, sometimes, to this illegal way, are violations that arouse serious concerns in which the executive and the judicial authorities of the state to be a tool in the hand of the new ruling party to be used against the political opponent while its members enjoy the immunity which allow them of impunity when they violate the law”.

ANHRI calls on the public prosecution to drop all the malicious charges pressed on the activists and calls on investigate the facts of assaulting the activists and prosecute who involved in such assault. ANHRI calls, especially, the General Attorney “Talaat Abdullah” to work on keeping the public prosecution as an  investigative authority  and part of the judiciary authority fully independent as it is the only guarantee for justice and the rule of law.

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Freedom of expression and the religious state, by Gamal Eid

Freedom of expression and the religious state, by Gamal Eid | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

... now that Mubarak is gone, we have found ourselves with a president from the Muslim Brotherhood, which has marked the beginning of religious rule in Egypt. Some try to label what we currently have as civilian rule, or revolutionary rule, and some have gone so far as to say that what we have found ourselves with is a ruler who embodies democracy.

However the ABCs of politics say that religious rule in all its forms will eventually lash out at the country’s social opposition forces that it is not able to control, such as workers, secular citizens and democratic organisations.

Egypt is no exception to this rule, and no sooner did President Morsy assert control over the country did the government start to disregard and ignore hate speech directed towards Copts, in addition to chipping away at the rights of women, previously protected and enshrined in laws passed by former first lady Suzanne Mubarak. A campaign has also begun to censor and arrest artists and journalists, justified by new laws against “insulting the president.”

All this is natural for a president who doesn’t recognise the right of his citizens to criticise or oppose his decisions, whose freedom of expression is limited to supporting and agreeing with everything their leader says. Any criticism of government will therefore be trumped up as criticism of the president himself. Because the president represents the will of God and is responsible for implementing that will, any response to such criticism will not be limited to mere speech, but instead will employ the full extent of the law. All the while, the ruler will insist that he is keen to protect freedom of speech, however only that which is constructive and respects state institutions, without ever clarifying what standard is being used to judge such speech and whether or not it is disrespectful. Those living under religious rule in Egypt have already begun to suffer, as an appeal to religion can already be founds in all the works and speeches of this president, who will increasingly continue to resort to using the country’s judiciary to repress and prosecute those who criticise him.

Religious rulers do not view freedom of speech as a two-way street, where one can freely criticise both the opposition and the government for their practices and mistakes. If one were to choose, the right to criticise the government would probably be considered more important than that of the former, as it is the government’s decisions that affect the state and its people much more than that of the opposition. Regardless as to how sharp or seemingly hostile that criticism may be, it must be tolerated; a lack of criticism in any state is not constructive and does nothing to help it improve from within. As was recently stated by Egypt’s Court of Cassation: “When one assumes power in any government, one must expect that his actions will be subject to intense scrutiny and criticism. In these circumstances, it is important that freedom of speech is preserved as a measurement of a nation’s true level of democracy.”

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Un présentateur égyptien anti-islamiste acquitté

Un présentateur égyptien anti-islamiste acquitté | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Un tribunal égyptien a acquitté mardi le présentateur de télévision Tewfik Okacha, jugé pour incitation au meurtre du président islamiste Mohamed Morsi, a-t-on appris de source judiciaire.    Le tribunal criminel de Guizeh, un faubourg du Caire, a décidé d'innocenter  M. Okacha, présentateur et patron de la chaîne privée al-Faraïn (les Pharaons),  des charges d'incitation au meurtre du président, a indiqué cette source, sans  donner de précision sur les motifs de cette décision.    Le procès de l'animateur s'était ouvert en septembre et sa chaîne avait  depuis cessé d'émettre.    M. Okacha, réputé pour ses prises de position virulentes contre les  islamistes, en particulier les Frères musulmans dont est issu le président  Morsi, avait dénoncé un "procès politique".    M. Morsi, qui a pris ses fonctions le 30 juin, est le premier président  d'Egypte islamiste, et le premier à ne pas être issu de l'appareil militaire  depuis le renversement de la monarchie en 1952.    Ses opposants l'accusent de vouloir museler la presse.    Début janvier, le procureur général égyptien avait décidé d'ouvrir une  enquête visant l'animateur d'une émission populaire de satire politique, Bassem  Youssef, accusé d'avoir insulté le président islamiste.    Dans son émission Al-Barnameg (Le Programme), M. Youssef s'était gaussé des  islamistes et de l'élargissement temporaire des prérogatives de M. Morsi, qui  avait déclenché une crise dans le pays en novembre et décembre. (Ennahar online)

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L'interdiction visant YouTube en Égypte est un revers pour la liberté d'expression | Amnesty International

L'interdiction visant YouTube en Égypte est un revers pour la liberté d'expression | Amnesty International | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

L'interdiction temporaire frappant YouTube en Égypte en raison d'une vidéo considérée comme insultante à l'égard de l'islam est un recul sur le terrain de la liberté d'expression, a déclaré Amnesty International.

Un tribunal du Caire a ordonné un blocage du site de partage de vidéos pour 30 jours à la suite de la diffusion de la vidéo controversée intitulée Innocence of Muslims, qui a déclenché des manifestations à travers le monde musulman en septembre.

La décision rendue samedi 9 février affirme que « bénéficier de la liberté d'opinion ne [doit] pas revenir à attaquer les convictions d'autrui ».

« Cette décision est une attaque manifeste contre la liberté d'expression, et a des ramifications profondes dans ce pays où les militants utilisent beaucoup YouTube afin de dénoncer des violations des droits humains dans le pays », a expliqué Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, directrice adjointe du programme Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord d'Amnesty International.

 

« Critiquer les religions et les convictions personnelles est une part essentielle de la liberté d'expression – que les opinions exprimées soient insultantes et intolérantes ou non. » (...)

 

Il a ajouté que la liberté d'opinion ne devait pas « heurter la sensibilité, ni susciter le ressentiment des fidèles d'autres religions, en particulier les religions du livre », et que les médias doivent s'abstenir de « calomnier » les figures religieuses.

Les raisons invoquées par le tribunal pour bloquer YouTube vont à l'encontre du droit international relatif aux droits humains, qui protège la liberté d'expression, y compris l'expression d'idées qui sont choquantes.

 

Plus: http://www.amnesty.org/fr/news/youtube-ban-egypt-sends-dangerous-message-intolerance-2013-02-12


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Égypte : sous les frères musulmans, on verrouille encore les libertés

Égypte : sous les frères musulmans, on verrouille encore les libertés | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

L'actualité en Égypte a été marquée cette semaine par deux décisions contraignant encore les libertés et les droits de l'homme dans le pays. La censure temporaire de Youtube et la nouvelle loi sur les associations.

La cour administrative d'Égypte a ordonné hier, samedi 9 Fevrier, le gouvernement égyptien à fermer tous les sites qui ont partagé le film portant atteinte au prophète (PSSL) pendant un mois. Le blocage concerne le portail de partage de vidéos mondial Youtube. Cette décision ré-ouvre la porte de censure en Égypte.

(...)

Le ministère de la justice égyptien a présenté en milieu de cette semaine le draft de la nouvelle loi organisant le travail des organisations non gouvernementales (ONG). Les milieux associatifs et les défenseurs des droits de l'homme s'opposent à ce draft qui renforce la main mise et l'ingérence du pouvoir sur les associations. L'Institut du Caire pour les études des droits de l'homme trouve que cette loi est plus répressive et plus contraignante que celles sous les régimes d'Abdennaceur, de Moubarak et du Conseil Supérieur des forces armées (SCAF).

 

Plus : http://www.webdo.tn/2013/02/10/egypte-sous-les-freres-musulmans-on-verrouille-encore-les-libertes/

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Egypte: un tribunal ordonne de bloquer l'accès à YouTube pendant un mois

Egypte: un tribunal ordonne de bloquer l'accès à YouTube pendant un mois | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Un tribunal égyptien a ordonné samedi  l'interdiction du site de vidéo sur internet YouTube pendant un mois, en raison  de la mise en ligne d'un film islamophobe ayant déclenché une vague de  protestations meurtrières dans plusieurs pays musulmans.  Le tribunal administratif a demandé au gouvernement de prendre les mesures  nécessaires pour bloquer l'accès au site pendant un mois, après la plainte d'un  Egyptien accusant YouTube d'avoir été à l'origine d'une "menace à la paix  sociale" en mettant le film en ligne. Le porte-parole du gouvernement n'était pas joignable dans l'immédiat pour  commenter ces informations.  

 

plus:http://ennaharonline.com/fr/news/18225.html

 

Article in English: http://www.60news.com/news-egypt-court-suspends-youtube-over-anti-islam-film-184740/

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El Haddad :La présidence réitère son engagement à protéger le droit des Egyptiens à la liberté d’expression

El Haddad :La présidence réitère son engagement à protéger le droit des Egyptiens à la liberté d’expression | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

La présidence de la république a réitéré son engagement à  protéger le droit des Egyptiens à la liberté d'expression et de rassemblement.

 

Dans un communique publié samedi,le 02/02/2013, l'assistant du président pour les relations étrangères, M.Essam El Haddad, a explique que les actes de violences déclenchés vendredi à Ismailia et Fayyoum, et l'usage des
cocktails molotov et des armes a feu, n'exprimaient pas des attitudes politiques mais plutôt des actes criminels.

 

M.Haddad a estimé que les forces de l'ordre avaient fait preuve d'un maximum de retenue, précisant que le ministère de l'intérieur enquêtait actuellement dans l'affaire du meurtre par balle vendredi d'un manifestant devant le palais présidentiel.

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Inquiétudes sur la liberté des médias dans l'Egypte sous Morsi

Inquiétudes sur la liberté des médias dans l'Egypte sous Morsi | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Dans un café bondé du Caire, les clients rient aux éclats en regardant le présentateur Bassem Youssef se moquer du président Mohamed Morsi. Mais pour certains, la liberté des médias dans l'Egypte de l'après-révolution n'est pas matière à plaisanterie. Durée: 02:17

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Egypt's Constitution seen to curtail labor rights and workers freedoms

Egypt's Constitution seen to curtail labor rights and workers freedoms | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Labor provisions in Egypt's new Constitution are worrying workers and unionists alike, who fear that a lot of room has been left to restrict labor rights.

Drafted by an Islamist-dominated assembly, the new Constitution maintains the Nasser-era workers’ quotas in company administrations and reserves 50 percent of seats in parliament for representatives of workers and farmers.

Egypt-actus's insight:

It also maintains many of the labor provisions in the 1971 Constitution, which workers deem to be outdated — even detrimental — such as an article allowing forced labor.

Even some of the novel articles may end up negatively effecting Egypt’s workforce, namely stipulations seen as normalizing child labor, others legitimizing the military trials of civilians that may be used against striking workers, as well as new restrictions that may serve to outlaw numerous professional associations, particularly independent unions and syndicates.

The vague terminology of the new charter leaves room for interventionist legislation. For example, while Article 63 mentions “the right to peaceful strike”— not mentioned in Egypt’s older constitutions — the legislation that is being issued to regulate this article suggest that the right to strike will be curtailed.

Municipal laws regulating workers' rights indicate that Egypt's new ruling regime aims to keep both workers' and union movements on a short leash. Theseincluding Presidential Decree 97/2012 amending Trade Union Law 35/1976, Law 105/2012 regulating street vendors, and the Shura Council’s draft law on protests and strikes.

Since the 25 January uprising, more than 1,000 independent unions were established nationwide, some in non-unionized workforces, others in parallel to existing unions affiliated to the state-controlled Egyptian Trade Union Federation (ETUF).

In parallel to the official syndicates, two independent teachers’ unions were established while at least three press syndicates were created. However, the status of these independent entities is being brought into question in light of Egypt’s new Constitution.

Articles 51 to 53 stipulate union freedoms but place limitations on these freedoms. The restrictive Article 53 contradicts the provisions of Article 51, which stipulates “the right to establish associations and civil institutions, subject to notification only. Such institutions shall operate freely, and be deemed legal persons.”

Former Minister of Manpower, Ahmad Hassan al-Borei, declared that these constitutional articles "fail to protect union plurality and democracy." In turn, they stand in "violation of International Labor Organization’s conventions 87 and 98," concerning freedom of association, the right to organize, and collective bargaining, which Egypt ratified since the 1950s but has largely failed to uphold.

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/egypt-s-constitution-seen-curtail-labor-rights-and-workers-freedoms

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US says Egypt needs to do more on religious tolerance

Egypt-actus's insight:

(Reuters, via Aswat Masriya) - The United States on Thursday called an Egyptian statement about religious tolerance "a good first step" but said Egypt must do more after vitriolic comments about Zionists made by President Mohamed Mursi in 2010 surfaced.

The comments, made by Mursi when he was a leading figure in the Muslim Brotherhood opposition movement, sparked strong condemnation by the U.S. State Department and an explicit demand that he "repudiate" them.

Mursi's comments were reported this week by The New York Times, which said it had obtained video of a 2010 speech in which he urged Egyptians to "nurse our children and our grandchildren on hatred" for Jews and Zionists.

In a TV interview that the paper said he made months later and that Reuters viewed on YouTube, Mursi described Zionists as "these bloodsuckers who attack the Palestinians, these warmongers, the descendants of apes and pigs."

Egyptian authorities subsequently issued two statements, the first of which said the comments were taken out of context, but stressed Mursi's commitment to full respect for religions and freedom of belief and worship.

The second statement said the Egyptian government rejects "all forms of discrimination and incitement to violence or hostility on the basis of religion."

The second statement appeared to have gone some way toward mollifying the United States but there were lingering concerns.

 

More : http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=2ba9e592-c684-41e6-aaba-9fdb8a0aa6b1

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ANHRI Denounces the Investigation Conducted with the Media-Professional “Intisar El-Gharib” due to Statements Made by one of her Guests

ANHRI Denounces the Investigation Conducted with the Media-Professional “Intisar El-Gharib” due to Statements Made by one of her Guests | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI), today, denounces the persistence bias of the media-outlets owned by the state to the authorities and censoring the opinions of the media-professionals and their guests after the decision issued by Omar Abdulkhalek, the head of the network for youth and sports on radio, by suspending “El-Gharib” from work and refer her to investigation due to an episode of a program “the place of birth of Egypt”.

The host, who is the human rights activist “Mohamed Essam”, had expressed his regret, during the show, in participating in the revolution after he saw the fascism of the current regime. He commented on the events of Ithadiya by saying “Egyptians replaced the dictatorship by fascism”, which angered the administration of the radio of the youth and sport, so its head decided to suspend the media-professional from work and refer her to investigation.

It should be noted that this is not the first time to silence the voices of media-professionals and journalists, in the state-owned media, due to their criticizing opinions. The same thing happened with the “Hala Fahmy” anchor of conscience program, “Bosina Kamel” who tells the news in the Egyptian TV. The administrations of national newspapers have banned articles to various writers due to their criticism to the Muslims Brother Hood Group (MB) or the current authorities, among them Abelah El-Rowini, the writer Ahmed Taha El-Naqer, Ahmed Mousa and others.

ANHRI said that “censoring the opinions of the media-professionals and the editing policies of the programs became the first mission of the administrations of the state-owned media-outlets, which made it continues as a speaker of the ruling authority and aiming to achieve the authorities interests, even if it was on the rights of the citizens to know and to see the different opinions which include which is against the authorities”.

ANHRI added that “there is no other alternative to solve this problem but to draft a legislation that aims to transform the ownership and administration pattern in the official media-outlets, to make the executive authority have no intervention in selecting who head it in addition to correcting the path of editing policies in order to achieve the public service and to be administrated by a independent national council for media”.

ANHRI calls on the administration of youth and sports radio to rescind its arbitrary decision of suspending the media-professional “El-Gharib” and referring her to investigation. In addition to stop punishing the media-professionals because of their guests’ opinions.

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Egypt’s climate of intimidation

Egypt’s climate of intimidation | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

THE MOST important measure of Egypt’s Islamist government will not be how it manages the economy or even whether it maintains friendly relations with the United States and Israel; it will be whether it preserves the democratic norms that allowed its own rise to power. If Egyptians are able to freely criticize the government’s performance and can eventually vote it out of office if they are dissatisfied, the inevitable mistakes and occasional abuses of President Mohamed Morsi will be correctable.

THE MOST important measure of Egypt’s Islamist government will not be how it manages the economy or even whether it maintains friendly relations with the United States and Israel; it will be whether it preserves the democratic norms that allowed its own rise to power. If Egyptians are able to freely criticize the government’s performance and can eventually vote it out of office if they are dissatisfied, the inevitable mistakes and occasional abuses of President Mohamed Morsi will be correctable.

Foremost among them is the increasing pressure being brought to bear on critical journalists. In recent months at least half a dozen prominent editors, writers and cartoonists have been the targets of criminal investigations, many of them launched by a prosecutor appointed by Mr. Morsi following complaints from the president’s office. The charges range from reporting false news to blasphemy; a cartoonist for the independent Al-Masry Al-Youm newspaper was accused of the latter after she published a cartoon depicting Adam and Eve.(....)

 

It has also tolerated — at least — a climate of intimidation. The offices of several independent television channels were besieged for weeks by supporters of a popular cleric. During demonstrations against Mr. Morsi’s government, his Muslim Brotherhood supporters took to the streets and were accused of targeting journalists; one was killed by a rubber bullet.



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Egypt-actus's insight:

While calling for preservation of democratic freedoms in Egypt, the Obama administration has been slow to take note of or respond to the attacks on journalists. Officials say they are feeling their way with Mr. Morsi’s government, trying to preserve cooperation on matters such as counterterrorism. Yet the United States retains considerable leverage over Egypt, including its influence over a pending International Monetary Fund loan the government badly needs. That sway should be aimed at preserving space for free media and a democratic opposition — which, in Cairo, is not just a liberal good but a vital U.S. interest.

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Three Activists From 6th of April Movement in Minya Appear Before Investigation

Three Activists From 6th of April Movement in Minya Appear Before Investigation | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Now three activists from 6th April Movement in Minya appear before the public prosecution to be investigated in the report filed by a member of the freedom and justice party against them on the background of spraying grafite drawings during the peaceful demonstration that took place on December 14, 2012 after they were summoned yesterday to appear before the prosecution, but the district attorney who were assigned to investigate them didn't appear

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ANHRI Calls On the President to Stop Prosecuting the Media-Professionals, Journalists and Opinion-Makers

ANHRI Calls On the President to Stop Prosecuting the Media-Professionals, Journalists and Opinion-Makers | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI), today, said it is deeply disturbed due to the series of the mockery reports against the journalists, media-professionals and others by the presidential institution. As they are just performing their natural right of criticizing and evaluating the policies and decisions of the president Mohamed Morsi. The presidency institution had added a new report against the journalistic-writer and Deputy-Head of the Egyptian Journalists Syndicate Gamal Fahmy due to statements.

The Centeral Department for Legal Affairs in the Presidency Institution had officially inquired from the Syndicate of the journalists about the personal data of Gamal Fahmy, the Deputy-Head which include his full name and the place of work. The presidency filed a report to the Cairo appellate prosecution, accusing Fahmy of spreading false news that could harm the national security on the background of statements in which he connected targeting the cameraman and the journalist "El-Hussient Abu-Daief" and his deliberate murdering during the clashes in Eltihadia and between Abu-Daief revealing, on earlier time, of the presidential pardon that included the husband of the sister of the president who was in the prison as he was convicted of bribery.

It is noteworthy, that the report filed against Fahmy, is the latest episode in the series of the department reports against number of media-professionals, journalists and public-figures that included Mahmoud Saad, Dr. Manal Omar, the psychiatrist, Ola El-Shafiy, the journalist, Khaled Salah, the editor-in-chief, of Youm7, Masry-El-Youm newspaper and the chief of the accidents news in El-Masry-El-Youm Youssry El-Badry.

ANHRI said "the presidency institution, which is the highest power in the country, targeting to opinion-makers directly is an intellectual terrorism against whoever exercise his natural right to freedom of expression, which include, beyond the reason of doubt, criticizing the policies and the decisions of the president. In addition to the president's conducts and mental, and physical health, as he is in the power of an authority that directly and indirectly affect the lives of the millions of citizens, so discussing such affairs even if they were personal and providing information related to it, is a basic right to the public opinion. Therefore, it is a part of the work of every media-professional and journalist specifically".

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Egypt:NGOs demand immediate release of journalist

Egypt:NGOs demand immediate release of journalist | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Several Egyptian Human Rights groups condemned on Wednesday the military trial of journalist Mohamed Sabri.

The Rights groups asked for Sabri’s immediate release demanding that all charges against him be dropped in a joint statement.

Sabri was arrested on Friday while working on an investigative journalistic report on the decision to ban private ownership of land near the border strip in Sinai.

He was referred to the North Sinai Military Prosecution for questioning, which subsequently referred him to a military court.

Sabri is scheduled to appear for trial on Wednesday, for charges of “being present in a restricted military area without permission and taking photographs.”

“Sabri’s arrest and his referral to a military trial clearly confirm concerns about the flawed formulation of Article 198 of the new Constitution,” said the statement signed by different non-governmental organizations.

The statement explained further that the constitution explicitly permits the referral of civilians to military trials in crimes “that harm the armed forces.”

Meanwhile, activists and journalists staged a protest on Tuesday in front of the journalists' syndicate to denounce the military trial of Sabri and other civilians.

Mona Seif, an activist of the 'No to Military Trials' group, told Aswat Masriya that she believed that Sabri was undergoing military trial because of his previous journalistic reports in Sinai, pointing that “his trial is a warning message to all activists.”

Seif added that Sabri also belongs to the ‘No to Military Trials’ group, in addition to being a prominent activist since the beginning of the revolution. (Aswat Masriya)

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