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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypt's women's council criticizes Islamists

Egypt's official women's rights council says Islamists who reject a U.N. blueprint to combat violence against women and girls are promoting the idea that Islam favors violence against women.(...)

 

At a news conference in Cairo on Thursday, the head of the women's council, Mervat Tellawy, called on the Brotherhood to stop using religion as a basis for promoting its agenda.

 

More on: http://news.yahoo.com/egypts-womens-council-criticizes-islamists-181438427.html

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Egypt's Al-Gamaa Al-Islamiya condemns UN women's rights document

Egypt's Al-Gamaa Al-Islamiya condemns UN women's rights document | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's ultraconservative Al-Gamaa Al-Islamiya has slammed the recently ratified United Nations 'End Violence Against Women' document because it contains articles "violating Islamic Sharia and general morality."

In a statement on Wednesday, the group said the document "promotes divisions within the family and opens the door to prohibited relationships."

The document establishes a blurred relationship between men and women with no basis of legitimacy, the group added.

"While Islam promotes early marriage to prevent young people from succumbing to vices, this document forbids early marriage and replaces it with alternatives, including Zina [unlawful sexual intercourse] and early homosexuality," the group claimed.

 

Ahram online

More : http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/67370/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-AlGamaa-AlIslamiya-condemns-UN-womens-right.aspx

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Les femmes se dressent contre l'injustice et la violence en Égypte

Les femmes se dressent contre l'injustice et la violence en Égypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Dans tout le pays, des femmes tiennent tête à ceux qui bafouent les droits fondamentaux, faisant preuve de solidarité, dénonçant les faits ou créant des associations pour venir en aide aux victimes. 
(...)
Pourtant, plutôt que de rendre hommage aux précieuses contributions de ces femmes et de tant d'autres, les autorités égyptiennes sont bien souvent responsables de la répression qui s'abat sur elles. 
Au cours des dernières années, Amnesty International a recueilli des informations sur la politique de l'armée et des forces de sécurité qui se traduit par des violences systématiques envers les femmes, notamment la répression contre les manifestantes et les violences sexuelles – y compris les « test de virginité » forcés. 
En outre, les femmes sont systématiquement en butte à des actes de harcèlement et de violence sexuelle dans la rue, au travail et chez elles, un problème mis en lumière ces derniers mois par une série d'agressions terribles contre des manifestantes aux abords de la place Tahrir. Cette semaine, la Commission africaine des droits de l'homme et des peuples a déclaré les autorités égyptiennes responsables de la non-protection des manifestantes contre les agressions sexuelles en lien avec les événements qui se sont déroulés en 2005 sous le régime de Hosni Moubarak. 


Amnesty international

Plus : http://www.amnesty.org/fr/news/women-stand-wave-injustice-and-violence-egypt-2013-03-15

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Egypt: UN Document On Women to Be Referred to Senior Scholars Authority

Al-Azhar Grand Imam Ahmed el-Tayyeb decided on Monday 18/3/2013 to refer a UN document designed to combat violence against women to the Senior Scholars Authority for discussion.

 

The authority will announce its stance soon whether to approve or reject it, an official source in al-Azhar said.

 

More: http://allafrica.com/stories/201303191224.html

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Women groups denounce Brotherhood's assault

Women groups denounce Brotherhood's assault | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Women groups condemned on Sunday assaults by members of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood on a female activist in front of the Brotherhood's headquarters in Muqattam, saying they reject the targeting of women.

Footage published on Facebook displayed activist, Mervat Moussa, being slapped in the face by members of the Muslim Brotherhood outside their headquarters.

Clashes broke out on Saturday between protesters, police and the guards of the Muslim Brotherhood's guidance office when some activists attempted to draw graffiti on the walls facing the headquarters of the Islamist group.

The Egyptian Center for Women Rights issued a statement saying, "On the National Day for Women, a woman activist was hit to the ground by militant members of the Muslim Brotherhood, from which Egypt's president hails, and the ruling Freedom and Justice Party." (Aswat Masriya)

 

More : http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=24a1f2bd-3b2f-4e0a-b9c1-999ccfad20cb

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Women remain "slaves" despite UN accord, says Egyptian politician

Women remain "slaves" despite UN accord, says Egyptian politician | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Women are "the slaves of this age", according to an Egyptian politician who took a stand against the country's Muslim Brotherhood to back a UN declaration on violence against women.

Mervat Tallawy, who headed the Egyptian delegation at a United Nations conference that ended late Friday, said that despite the hard-fought declaration, secured after two weeks of tense negotiations, more help must be given to women in the Middle East.

Tallawy stunned many at the UN Commission on the Status of Women -- marked by blocking tactics by conservative Muslim and Roman Catholic states -- by backing the document that set global standards to combat violence against women.

Despite growing human rights, wealth and other progress, Tallawy told reporters after the landmark accord was approved that there is still too much discrimination.

"Women are the slaves of this age. This is unacceptable and particularly in our region," Tallawy said.

Tallawy, a diplomat turned politician and head of Egypt's National Women's Council, said "international solidarity is needed for women's empowerment and preventing this regressive mood whether in the developing countries or developed, in the Middle East in particular."

The Muslim Brotherhood, from which President Mohamed Morsi hails, said this week that the proposed UN document "undermines Islamic ethics" and "would lead to the complete disintegration of society." (AFP, via Your Middle East)

 

More : http://www.yourmiddleeast.com/news/women-remain-slaves-despite-un-accord-says-egyptian-politician_13711

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Women remain 'slaves' despite UN accord: Egypt politicia

Women remain 'slaves' despite UN accord: Egypt politicia | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Women are "the slaves of this age," according to an Egyptian politician who took a stand against the country's Muslim Brotherhood to back a UN declaration on violence against women.

 

Mervat Tallawy, who headed the Egyptian delegation at a United Nations conference that ended late Friday, said that despite the hard-fought declaration, secured after two weeks of tense negotiations, more help must be given to women in the Middle East.

 

Tallawy stunned many at the UN Commission on the Status of Women -- marked by blocking tactics by conservative Muslim and Roman Catholic states -- by backing the document that set global standards to combat violence against women.

 

Despite growing human rights, wealth and other progress, Tallawy told reporters after the landmark accord was approved that there is still too much discrimination.

"Women are the slaves of this age. This is unacceptable and particularly in our region," Tallawy said. (...)

"international solidarity is needed for women's empowerment and preventing this regressive mood whether in the developing countries or developed, in the Middle East in particular." (...)

 

Tallawy said there is "a global wave of conservatism, of repression against women. And this paper is a message that if we can get together, hold power together, we can be a strong wave against this conservatism."

When asked about the Muslim Brotherhood's opposition, the official said she had already challenged Morsi in his office about Egypt's constitution.

 

More on: http://sg.news.yahoo.com/women-remain-slaves-despite-un-accord-egypt-politician-170600258.html

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Egypt rejects all forms of violence against women : Presidency

Egypt rejects all forms of violence against women : Presidency | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The office of the Assistant to the President of Egypt on foreign relations has issued a statement in English on Friday regarding Egypt's official position on the yet-to-be-ratified United Nations (UN) declaration on women’s rights, as a part of the 57th session of the United Nations' Commission on the Status of Women's. 

 

"The Egyptian delegation continues to participate in the negotiations, regarding the agreed conclusions of this session. United Nations member states also contributed to the session with additional suggestions and amendments to the draft report, each in the way they saw was appropriate to their culture." 

The statement added that the "Egyptian Administration is actively participating in the efforts to reach consensual conclusions in the context of its commitment to upholding the Egyptian Constitution and respecting the choices of Egyptian people after the revolution."

"The Presidency would like to affirm that the Egyptian stance on this issue is the clear rejection of all forms of violence against women for any reason under any name. Furthermore, Egypt is adopting an integrated strategy to eliminate this negative phenomenon, whose roots go back to the pre-revolution period." 

In the official statement, the Egyptian Presidency explained that the government will have short, medium and long-term strategies to fight all forms of violence against women, including sexual harassment and workshops to empower women. 

"In the long-range, the Presidency will be developing a national plan for women empowerment and participation, adopting a comprehensive approach that tackles the root causes of the marginalisation of women, with due attention to empowering the Egyptian family, the nucleus of society," the statement elaborated. 

On Wednesday, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood had issued a statement slamming the yet-to-be-ratified UN declaration on women's rights, claiming that it was contradicting Islamic Sharia and calling the Islamic countries and their UN representatives to reject the document. 

The Brotherhood statement caused controversy and anger among feminists and human rights activists and other rights organisations in Egypt. 

 

This content is from :El Ahram, via Aswat Masriya  
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Droits des femmes : l'Egypte rechigne

Droits des femmes : l'Egypte rechigne | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Accorder trop de droits aux femmes serait contraire à l'islam et risque de provoquer la "déchéance totale de la société". Telle est la position défendue par les Frères musulmans en Egypte, qui contestent un document actuellement en discussion à l'ONU sur la situation des femmes. Des gouvernements et des ONG du monde entier devraient conclure vendredi à New York deux semaines de discussions sur les façons de mettre fin aux violences contre les femmes et les enfants.

Les Frères musulmans, dont le président égyptien Mohamed Morsi est issu, estiment que le projet de communiqué final inclut des articles "qui contredisent les principes établis de l'islam, sapent la moralité islamique" et, si le texte est ratifié, "conduiraient à une déchéance totale de la société". La confrérie se dit opposée à dix points du texte, notamment l'"égalité totale dans la législation du mariage" et "l'annulation de la nécessité de demander l'accord du mari pour voyager, travailler ou utiliser des moyens contraceptifs".

 

Elle dénonce encore le fait d'"accorder à l'épouse le droit de poursuivre en justice son mari pour viol ou harcèlement sexuel". Pour les Frères musulmans, le document donne à la société des "moyens destructifs pour porter atteinte à la famille" notamment en accordant aux filles une "totale liberté sexuelle" et en leur donnant accès à des moyens contraceptifs.

Il s'agit de la prise de position la plus explicite des Frères musulmans sur les femmes et leur rôle dans la société, une question que les Frères ont essayé d'éviter depuis leur arrivée au pouvoir après la chute du régime de Hosni Moubarak en 2011. Des diplomates avaient déjà indiqué début mars que le Vatican, l'Iran et la Russie s'opposaient à plusieurs points de ce texte.

 

http://www.europe1.fr/International/Droits-des-femmes-l-Egypte-rechigne-1449013/

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Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood Offers 10 Reasons Why Women's Rights Are A Bad Idea

Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood Offers 10 Reasons Why Women's Rights Are A Bad Idea | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The upcoming U.N. vote to ratify the declaration titled "End Violence against Women" has rankled Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, so much so that they released an official statement on their English language website.

They call the declaration "euphemistically" named.

They say it's misleading, deceptive, and will unravel the very fabric of the civilized world.

The rights they don't want to see include:

 

 

1. Granting girls full sexual freedom, as well as the freedom to decide their own gender and the gender of their partners (ie, choose to have normal or homo- sexual relationships), while raising the age of marriage.

2. Providing contraceptives for adolescent girls and training them to use those, while legalizing abortion to get rid of unwanted pregnancies, in the name of sexual and reproductive rights.

3. Granting equal rights to adulterous wives and illegitimate sons resulting from adulterous relationships.

4. Granting equal rights to homosexuals, and providing protection and respect for prostitutes.

5. Giving wives full rights to file legal complaints against husbands accusing them of rape or sexual harassment, obliging competent authorities to deal husbands punishments similar to those prescribed for raping or sexually harassing a stranger.

6. Equal inheritance (between men and women).(...)

More on: http://www.businessinsider.com/egypts-10-reasons-gender-equality-bad-2013-3

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Egalité hommes-femmes? vous voulez détruire la société égyptienne, demandent les Frères musulmans

Les Frères musulmans égyptiens ont annoncé leur refus de la déclaration de l’ONU sur les droits des femmes, Contre la violence fait aux femmes. Cette déclaration selon eux « inclut des articles qui contredisent les principes établis de l’islam, sapent l’éthique islamique et détruisent la famille , qui est la base de la société, selon la Constitution égyptienne. Si on l’adoptait, cette déclaration parachèverait l’invasion culturelle et intellectuelle des pays musulmans, éliminant la spécificité morale  qui préserve la cohésion des sociétés islamiques. »

 

L’Onu cherche à faire ratifier ce document, l’Egypte paraît mal partie pour le faire, avec au pouvoir un homme issu de cette même organisation des Frères musulmans, même s’il l’a officiellement quittée pour mieux remplir ses devoirs de président. A moins que les élections à venir n’apportent un changement de majorité? Peu probable pour le moment,  l’opposition égyptienne ayant décidé de boycotter les élections parlementaires à venir : elle se dit tellement outrée par l’attitude générale du gouvernement qu’elle le juge illégitime et inapte à organiser des élections valables.

 

Les Frères musulmans déclarent que ce projet de déclaration de l’ONU va à la fois à l’encontre de la charia et, en s’attaquant à la famille,  de la Constitution égyptienne

 

Empêcher la violence conjugale,  autoriser les épouses à travailler ou voyager sans accord du mari, à avoir la même autorité que le père sur les enfants, à hériter autant que les hommes, permettre aux femmes non mariées d’avoir des relations sexuelles, accorder  des droits aux homosexuels ou aux enfants nés hors mariage ? Non à l’invasion culturelle.

 

Les Frères musulmans ont-ils décidé d’endosser sans remords l’habit d’islamiste épouvantail oppresseur des femmes qu’il est si facile de leur mettre sur le dos? Apparemment oui..

Est-ce que politiquement, les Frères musulmans, se sentant en perte de vitesse par rapport aux salafistes, ont cherché à se faire mieux voir de la frange conservatrice de la population, tablant sur le fait qu’ils ont d’ores et déjà perdu tous les quelques progressistes qu’ils pouvaient à la rigueur avoir séduire lors des dernières élections?

 

Plus: http://blog.slateafrique.com/nouvelles-du-caire/2013/03/14/egalite-hommes-femmes-vous-voulez-detruire-la-societe-egyptienne-demandent-les-freres-musulmans/

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Egypt's Brotherhood blasts UN women's document

Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood sharply criticized an anticipated U.N. document on combatting violence against women, saying on Wednesday that it was "deceitful," clashed with Islamic principles and undermined family values.

The text of the document has not been published because negotiations are continuing, regarding how to address sexual violence and rights of women to control their sexuality as well as sexual and reproductive health and rights.

Diplomats and observers tracking the debate are optimistic of agreement before the two-week meeting of the U.N. Commission on the Status of Women wraps up Friday in New York. One participant said Egypt is seeking to introduce an opt-out clause to allow each country to implement the document according to its own traditions.

According to the Brotherhood, which has emerged as the most powerful political faction in Egypt since the 2011 uprising, the draft under discussion advocates sexual freedoms for women and the right to abortion "under the guise of sexual and reproductive rights."

In its strongly worded statement, the Brotherhood also decried the document's defense of homosexual rights, which are not recognized in Islam, and the equating between children born in and out of wedlock.

It said the title of the document addressing violence is "deceitful."

"It contains articles that clash with Islamic principles and its basics mentioned in the Quran (Islam's holy book) and in Islamic traditions," the Brotherhood statement said. "It eliminates Islamic values, and seeks to destroy the family ... which would lead to social disintegration."

The Brotherhood, which won Egypt's presidency and controls parliament, called on other Muslim nations, women's groups and Islamic organizations to reject the document. It called it an infringement on the thought, culture and uniqueness of Islamic societies. (Huff Post)

 

More : http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20130313/ml-egypt-women/?utm_medium=referral&utm_hp_ref=homepage&ir=homepage&utm_source=t.co

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Michelle Bachelet concerned with Egypt violence against women

Michelle Bachelet concerned with Egypt violence against women | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

UN Women Executive Director, Michelle Bachelet, has expressed concerns over recent violence against women in Egypt during their participation in political demonstrations. 

Bachelet sees that despite the increasing of violence and harassment that women in Egypt are facing in public spaces, the issue is widely neglected with not enough laws or policies to tackle it. 

Head of Egypt's Council for Women, Mervat al-Talawy, insisted during her meeting with Bachelet on Tuesday morning on Egypt's keenness to issue a final document, agreed on by the international community, on ending violence against women. 

Talawy pointed to the importance of shifting the techniques that the UN uses to tackle the issue, stressing that the Egyptian authorities are keen on keeping the UN's office in Cairo. 

She held bilateral meeting with other state representatives to ensure that the under-construction document is agreed on by all parties. 

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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The Muslim Brotherhood’s treatment of women reveals its agenda for Egypt

The Muslim Brotherhood’s treatment of women reveals its agenda for Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

On Saturday in Cairo, a young Egyptian female activist, Mervat Moussa, was slapped to the ground by a member of the ruling Muslim Brotherhood. Her only crime was demonstrating in front of the Brotherhood’s main headquarters.

Rather than apologizing for the appalling behavior of one of its members, some officials from the Brotherhood went on the offensive, claiming that their headquarters was attacked by “a number of demonstrators who devoted their efforts to insulting and cursing the Muslim Brotherhood and its leadership using the dirtiest swear-words, provoking our young people in front of their headquarters.”

 

The incident occurred only a few days after the Brotherhood released a strong statement condemning a draft United Nations declaration calling for an end to all forms of violence against women, claiming that it would lead to “complete disintegration of society.”

The two episodes are closely interlinked. The Brotherhood apparently thinks it is okay for a husband to rape his wife and asserts the need for his consent before she can travel or even use any form of contraception. It also seems to view Egyptian girls and women who protest their rule as bad Muslims – that is, Muslims who dare to challenge the social code of conduct that the Brotherhood wants to impose on society.

 

More on:http://www.theglobeandmail.com/commentary/article10052979.ece

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Femmes: Morsi décide d’éviter la polémique

Femmes: Morsi décide d’éviter la polémique | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
La délégation égyptienne a finalement signé la déclaration de l’Onu interdisant la violence contre les femmes, malgré les vives contestations des Frères musulmans.

Les débats sur les droits des femmes ont révélé au grand jour le fossé qui sépare les islamistes et les libéraux en Egypte.

« Cette déclaration est un cadeau pour les 40 millions de femmes égyptiennes », s’est réjouie samedi la présidente du Conseil national des femmes, Mervat Al-Tallawy, qui présidait la délégation officielle de l’Egypte. « Les femmes sont les esclaves de notre ère (…), malgré cette déclaration née au forceps, beaucoup reste à faire pour les femmes du Moyen-Orient. La solidarité internationale est nécessaire pour l’émancipation des femmes et leur protection contre la vague réactionnaire qui gagne les pays en développement, particulièrement le Moyen-Orient », a encore ajouté Al-Tallawy, connue pour son hostilité aux islamistes. « L’application de cette déclaration se fera dans le cadre des législations et des lois égyptiennes et prendra en compte les traditions de notre société », a-t-elle toutefois assuré.

 

Gamila El-Tawila / Al-Ahram Hebdo

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/966/1/130/2052/Femmes-Morsi-d%C3%A9cide-d%E2%80%99%C3%A9viter-la-pol%C3%A9mique.aspx

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New Egyptian Facebook Page Created to Expose Sexual Harassers

New Egyptian Facebook Page Created to Expose Sexual Harassers | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A new Facebook page has been created to expose sexual harassers in Egypt by calling on women to post photos of men caught in the act. Its the latest effort by campaigners to end gender-based violence and intimidation.

The Arabic-language page, called “Embarrass a Harasser, The Public Record of Harassers,” was set up five days ago by a group of girls in Egypt and has attracted more than 9,000 followers so far. “Can’t hit him? Can’t catch him? Photograph and expose him!” reads the page’s description.

 

More on: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-19/new-egyptian-facebook-page-created-to-expose-sexual-harassers.html

 

Page FB: https://www.facebook.com/efda7.mota7resh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Feminist monkey wrenches in Egypt's revolution -OpEdNews

Feminist monkey wrenches in Egypt's revolution -OpEdNews | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The process of shaping post-revolutionary Egypt to conform to the postmodern imperial world is proceeding apace. Egypt's long history of invasion and occupation by first France (under Napoleon) and then Britain, and less formally from 1970 on under first Sadat and Mubarak, means there is a strong secular tradition, and the current attempt by Islamists to reverse this accommodation of western norms--'good' and "bad'--is meeting fierce resistance, with women and their "rights' at the forefront. 

Though we hear complaints that Egyptian women are having a tough time these days, fearing restrictions by Islamists on their public lives, at least two prominent women have already left their mark, defying Egypt's move towards a more religious-focused society. (...)

 

Booby trap I

Uncelebrated, but key to the current political turmoil is Tahani el-Gebali, deputy president of the Supreme Constitutional Court(...)

 

Booby trap II

Morsi's most recent female thorn is Mervat el-Tallawi, head of the National Council for Women (NCW), who headed the Egypt's delegation to the 57th session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women last week.(...)

More on: http://www.opednews.com/articles/Feminist-monkey-wrenches-i-by-Eric-Walberg-130318-431.html

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Popular Alliance to push for female quote in parliament

Popular Alliance to push for female quote in parliament | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Socialist Popular Alliance Party expressed on Sunday its complete support to women's issues, stressing that the battle for a better constitution is not over yet.

The Party said that it seeks the issuance of a new constitution that is based on the values of citizenship and social justice and that guarantees women's rights, providing for complete equity between genders.

Party Member, Mona Ezzat, said in a press conference that the Alliance adopts a plan to integrate women in the policies of the party and its stances, pointing that women's issues have always been a priority.

"The Party seeks the adaption of a national plan to confront violence and all forms of discrimination against women," Ezzat said.

She added that the Popular Alliance will push for female quota in parliamentarian seats, local municipalities and syndicates

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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Will U.N. declaration on violence against women change Egypt? by Charlene Gubash, Producer, NBC News

Will U.N. declaration on violence against women change Egypt? by Charlene Gubash, Producer, NBC News | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

After a decade of disagreement, 130 nations decided on Friday to adopt a historic, albeit non-binding, United Nations declaration on the elimination and prevention of all forms of violence against women and girls. Language on gay rights, abortion and marital rape had reportedly been watered down to secure the agreement of Muslim and Catholic conservative states.

Mervat Tallawy, an Egyptian envoy and head of the National Council on Women, praised the accord. “International solidarity is needed for women’s empowerment and preventing this regressive mood, whether in the developing countries or developed, or in the Middle East in particular,” Tallawy told reporters after the successful vote. “It’s a global wave of conservatism, or repression against women, and this paper is a message that if we can get together, hold power together, we can be a strong wave against this conservatism.” 

Tellawy might have been tailoring her comments to Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood. The group exerts tremendous influence on Egypt’s government after the election of a former leader and current member, President Mohamed Morsi. The Brotherhood had issued a statement on its English Ikhwanweb website describing how the declaration “would lead to complete disintegration of society, and would certainly be the final step in the intellectual and cultural invasion of Muslim countries.”

The ten-point statement warned that the declaration would grant women equal rights to her husband, control over household finances, birth control, divorce, the ability to travel and would allow a woman to sue her husband in case of rape.

The Muslim Brotherhood’s statement was not refuted by the presidency, which issued a clarification of its stance on the declaration on violence against women.  The Office of the Assistant to the President of Egypt on Foreign Relations affirmed official rejection of violence against women in all of its forms “for any reason under any name,” but within the context of Egypt’s commitment to upholding its new constitution. However, the constitution was agreed to only by Islamists and rejected by secularists and moderates who felt that it failed to protect or improve women’s rights and human rights.

The passage of the declaration, a victory for women in general, may not change life in the short term for Egypt’s females. At present, 83% of Egyptian women face sexual harassment, over 90% have undergone female genital mutilation and almost 35% suffer domestic violence. Tallawy said in a statement issued by the National Council of Women that Egypt approved the charter on the condition that it be implemented according to each country’s laws and traditions and is accredited under the category of “moral obligation” to be implemented according to each country's local affairs. Soraya Bahgat, anti- sexual harassment activist, said there is still a lot of work to be done. 

"The fact that Egypt is one of the few countries that had opposed [the declaration] sheds light on where we stand on women's rights. Its not a surprise because our current practices do not espouse things in the declaration," Bahgat said. "For example, a Muslim woman is not allowed to marry a Christian man. There idea that a woman is a man's property is deeply rooted in Egytian society …. I am not sure how [the passage of the declaration] will change things today. These are things that need to be tackled in the long term. We need to focus on what obstacles we have inside the country."

 

http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/03/16/17339633-analysis-will-un-declaration-on-violence-against-women-change-egypt?lite

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ElBaradei praises role of Egypt women in adopting UN declaration against violence

ElBaradei praises role of Egypt women in adopting UN declaration against violence | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

obel Laureate and Coordinator of the National Salvation Front Mohamed ElBaradei praised on Saturday the role of the Head of Egypt's National Council for Women Mervat Al-Talwi in adopting the declaration of the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women.

"Violence against women cannot be justified by virtue of customs, traditions or religion," the former director of the International Atomic Energy Agency posted on his Twitter account.

Head of the Dostour Party acknowledged the efforts pursued by Talawi and Egyptian to have the declaration adopted by consensus.

ElBaradei added that the "adoption by consensus, including Arab and Muslim states, of the declaration on violence against women is now a challenge to put words into action."

Meanwhile, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood has warned against this declaration saying, "This document violates all the fundamentals of Islamic Sharia (law), as it grants girls sexual freedom, as well as the freedom to choose their sexual orientation and their sexual partner, in addition to raising the age of marriage."

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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Egypte : plaidoyer des Frères contre l'égalité des femmes

Egypte : plaidoyer des Frères contre l'égalité des femmes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
La confrérie dont est issu le président égyptien dresse une liste des droits des femmes auxquels elle est farouchement opposée.

Accorder trop de droits aux femmes et en faire les égales des hommes conduirait à «la destruction totale de la société» égyptienne. C'est ce que déclarent sans équivoque les Frères musulmans , dont est issu le président Mohamed Morsi . Dans un communiqué publié cette semaine sur son site internet officiel,Ikhwanweb , la confrérie s'oppose en effet à un texte devant être adopté ce vendredi à l'ONU à l'issue de deux semaines de discussions  «contre la violence faite aux femmes».

Dans leur réponse, les Frères musulmans estiment que le document onusien est «trompeur», qu'il «inclut des articles qui contredisent les principes établis de l'Islam, réduisent à néant la moralité islamique et détruisent la famille, base de la société». Pour eux, ce texte serait même «la dernière étape de l'invasion intellectuelle et culturelle des pays musulmans». (...)

Dans une interview réalisée jeudi et révélée par le quotidien américain The New York Times , Pakinam El-Sharkawy, conseillère politique du président Morsi, prend ses distances vis-à-vis de la déclaration des Frères, qui, selon elle, ne parlent pas au nom du président.«Ce n'est pas l'institution de la présidence, et ce n'est pas une entité officielle», assure-t-elle. Les Frères musulmans ont en effet une vitrine politique, le parti de la Liberté et de la Justice (PLJ, au pouvoir), que dirige Morsi. Le régime fait tout pour «mettre fin à toute forme de violence à l'égard des femmes», ajoute Pakinam El-Sharkawy.

Pourtant, depuis l'arrivée à la tête de l'Etat de ces derniers, mais aussi de groupes fondamentalistes (les salafistes d'Al-Nour sont désormais la deuxième force politique du pays), nombreux sont ceux qui s'inquiètent de voir le pays devenir plus conservateur et patriarcal. Pour Ghada Shahbandar, de l'Organisation égyptienne des droits de l'homme - citée par le quotidien américain, «c'est la première fois que nous les entendons tenir ce genre de propos sur la scène mondiale, mais cela fait partie de leur rhétorique depuis des lustres».

 

(Anne-Laure Frémont / Le Figaro)

 

Plus : http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/2013/03/15/01003-20130315ARTFIG00627-egypte-plaidoyer-des-freres-contre-l-egalite-des-femmes.php

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Women stand-up to wave of injustice and violence in Egypt | Amnesty International

Women stand-up to wave of injustice and violence in Egypt | Amnesty International | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

In advance of Egyptian women’s day, on 16 March, Amnesty International celebrates women’s contribution to the struggle for human rights.

 

When she met her husband, Amina Agami never thought her home would become the place of nightmares – nor that one day she would have to gather the courage to leave him. But more than a decade ago and, after years of domestic abuse, the now 42-year-old Egyptian arts graduate Amina took her two young children and, simply, left.

 

Soon after leaving her abusive husband, Amina joined local organizations that worked to stop violence against women and protected the rights of sex workers and people living with HIV/AIDS.

“The most important thing for women is economic empowerment. Without that, they cannot escape abusive relationships or situations. They are trapped. This was my main obstacle to leaving my husband,” she said.

But the Egyptian authorities have frowned upon her work and in January 2010 she was arrested while interviewing sex workers, taken to Old Cairo police station, strip-searched and kept in a cell overnight.

 

Standing up to abuse
Despite the risks involved, Amina continues her struggle to protect the rights of others and is on the front line of the battle for human rights in Egypt.And she is not alone.

 

Across Egypt, women are standing up to those who commit human rights abuses, showing solidarity, speaking up or setting up organizations to help survivors of abuse.

 

Mary Daniel, for example, whose brother Mena, and other Christian Copts, were killed at a protest on 9 October 2011 in Cairo’s Maspero, is now a renowned activist demanding justice for the families of those killed during protests.

 

Azza Hilal Ahmad Suleiman, who had her skull fractured by soldiers in December 2011, now campaigns for justice for those injured and killed by Egypt’s security forces during and since the uprising.

 

Long-term activist Engy Ghozlan decided to fight sexual violence against women by creating HarassMap, an online initiative that documents such incidents. Manal Tibe, who resigned from Egypt’s Constituent Assembly because it failed to protect human rights, works to stop forced evictions in slums and promote the right to adequate housing.

 

But instead of honouring the invaluable contributions of these women, and others like them, the authorities in Egypt have often been directly responsible for their repression.(...)

 

More on: http://www.amnesty.org/en/news/women-stand-wave-injustice-and-violence-egypt-2013-03-15

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Gender Wars: The Muslim Brotherhood Versus Egypt's Women

Gender Wars: The Muslim Brotherhood Versus Egypt's Women | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood (MB) issued a highly critical statement yesterday against the draft proposal of the UN declaration on women’s rights.  The Muslim Brotherhood statement says that the proposed draft includes articles “that contradict established principles of Islam, undermine Islamic ethics and destroy the family”, and, if ratified, “would lead to [the] complete disintegration of society.” (...)

The international community would be correct to condemn the MB’s objections, particularly since they contravene international agreements and treaties of which Egypt is a signatory, and which as a group, they have promised to honor.  Another commendable policy is the “more for more” approach that the European Parliament has taken to financial aid to Egypt, linking aid to democratic reforms. Interestingly, in a statement published today, MEP’s are withholding financial support to Egypt until they see progress in democracy, human rights and rule of law. Their first point? Stopping violence against women.  By virtue of rapid response or fortunate timing, the EU Parliament is on the right side at the right time of the issue, and hopefully the rest of the world will follow. (acus.org)

Mahmoud Salem


More : http://www.acus.org/egyptsource/gender-wars-muslim-brotherhood-versus-egypts-women

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Egyptian female martial artists break norms and reap the benefit: Self-defense and confidence

Egyptian female martial artists break norms and reap the benefit: Self-defense and confidence | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Dominique DeAngelo / Egypt independent 

Mira Nassif, former Egyptian judo champion, master’s student and small-business owner, credits judo for her current success.

“The courage to start my own design company and take all the necessary risks, starting from scratch and believing how big it could become, was totally because of the judo,” says Nassif.

Like Nassif, a growing number of Egyptian women are now joining the ranks of tae kwon do, judo and karate classes and acknowledging the positive impact that training has on their lives. Indeed, such training provides not only excellent exercise but gives trainees real self-defense skills that can be applied in situations of physical or sexual assault.

Beyond this significant benefit, martial arts can also be life-changing, with benefits including increased self-confidence, discipline, focus and general character building.

It may surprise some that martial arts are popular in Egypt with both male and female athletes. These sports became widespread at private studios and sporting clubs from the 1970s onwards.

Today, there are more than 300,000 registered with the Egyptian Karate Federation, not including thousands of judo and tae kwon do athletes, and those who take private lessons.

Most martial arts are seen as appropriate for Muslim women, as the uniforms are conservative and allow women to wear hijabs. In January, the World Karate Federation approved of the use of hijabs in competition.

Egyptian women have a legacy of excellence in martial arts. They have been training and competing alongside their male counterparts on the National Karate Team since its founding in 1971, for example. Egyptian female athletes also competed in judo and tae kwon do at the Olympic Games in the first years they became medal-earning events for women, in 1992 and 2000, respectively.

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/egyptian-female-martial-artists-break-norms-and-reap-benefit-self-defense-and-confidence

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Women of Egypt contribute to development through small projects

Women of Egypt contribute to development through small projects | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

By Rania Ahmed

Three Egyptian women have decided to challenge their social and economic statuses by starting up small projects, presenting an example of how women can contribute to developing society. 

In Upper Egypt's Nubia, Mai Gahallah established the foundation "Nubian treasures" as a non-profit social enterprise to spread Nubian arts and culture through training Nubians on producing crafts that resemble their culture.

"I thought of a solution to address the marginalization of Nubians through establishing a project that also helps raise their economic status," Gahallah said on her project.

She added that she starter her project through holding workshops to train citizens on making handcrafts, pointing, "It was difficult, being a woman in a conservative society."

Meanwhile, Haidi Sadik, aged 50, started her project to enhance her income. She draws on wooden house products, windowpanes and wooden paintings.

"I chose my project because I am interested in handmade crafts that give space for creativity," Sadik added that she did not hesitate to work at her age, encourging other women to not let that be a barrier that holds them back from contributing to society.

Whereas a member of the Young Association for Christian Girls, Gihan Baki, volunteers to educate other women, especially the breadwinners. She also teaches mentally disabled children to make simple daily projects using palm leaves.

Baki, who started her volunteer work ten years back, said she decided to teach children this craft to help integrate them into society and also profit from their work and help their families.

 

This content is from :AswatMasriy ahttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3eacee1d-123b-48b1-8e5e-0117ccce71c2 

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