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Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypt and Sudan sign landmark agriculture agreements

Egypt and Sudan sign landmark agriculture agreements | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt and Sudan signed three agricultural agreements on Thursday aimed at resolving conflicts among Nile Basin countries.

The agreements were signed by Egypt's Central Agricultural Cooperative Union (CACU) and its Sudanese counterpart. The two countries agreed to establish a joint company to cultivate land, and launch the first farmer's union for Nile Basin nations.

The agreements are intended to expand to include nine other countries in the region in the coming years.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Mamdouh Sayed Abdullah, union head, said Sudan agrees to provide accommodation and the needed resources for agricultural production to Egyptian farmers, in return for splitting their profits by 50 percent. He added that this would help the two countries achieve cooperation in the fields of agriculture and livestock production.

"Egyptian expertise will help us to increase agricultural production, especially the grains that will be cultivated in areas controlled by the company. These areas could include up to 100,000 feddans, within a Sudanese project that targets cultivating 2.5 million feddans to jumpstart agricultural production in the coming period," he continued.

Sudanese union head Salah al-Mardy said forthcoming bilateral cooperation between the two nations targets boosting agricultural cooperation, especially in light of available land in Sudan that could be used to cultivate crops needed in Egypt.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egypt independent)

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Global Exports of Citrus Drop 3%…Production down 7%

Global Exports of Citrus Drop 3%…Production down 7% | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Dr. Hisham Allam, Director, Horticulture Research Institute (HRI), has unveiled that the global exports of citrus went down by 3% to reach 3.9 million tons, and the countries that export oranges are the European Union, Russia and Saudi Arabia.

The report, which issued in July 2012 by the US Ministry of Agriculture about citrus, the global markets and trade, elaborated that the global production of orange declined by 7% to 51.1 million tons. This decline is due to decreasing the production in Brazil, Mexico and EU countries.

He added that the Egyptian exports of citrus amounted to 1.1 million tons in 2011-2012; referring that the advantage of the Egyptian citrus represents in high quality of the fruits, in addition to Egypt's location and it is near to the global market. He expected the increase the exports in 2013.

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Transformer les déserts égyptiens en terrains agricoles

Transformer les déserts égyptiens en terrains agricoles | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

(IRIN) - Après la révolution qui a commencé il y a presque deux ans, les tensions politiques en Égypte ont ébranlé le secteur touristique, conduisant à une envolée des prix des produits alimentaires et à un ralentissement économique qui fait craindre l’insécurité alimentaire.

Egypt-actus's insight:

En 2012, l’Égypte était le plus grand importateur mondial de blé avec 11,5 millions de tonnes achetés à l’étranger, ce qui illustre le fossé entre l’objectif officiel de sécurité alimentaire durable et la réalité.

« Il est urgent d’augmenter la productivité de blé », a déclaré Nagui Saeed, dirigeant de l’association des producteurs de blé d’Égypte, non seulement pour conserver les devises étrangères, mais aussi pour subvenir aux besoins d’une population en pleine expansion qui a presque doublé au cours des 30 dernières années pour atteindre les 83 millions.

Pour garantir sa sécurité alimentaire sur le long terme, l’Égypte doit relever un grand nombre de défis : près de 99 pour cent de la population vit sur environ 4 pour cent de terres cultivées (sur les bords du Nil où se trouvent la plupart des terrains fertiles).

Les terres arables couvrent environ 3 pour cent du territoire national et sont menacées par la désertification, l’urbanisation et la salinisation, notamment au nord du Haut barrage d’Assouan, ce qui entraîne chaque année la perte de 11 736 hectares de terres agricoles, d’après les estimations.

Le grand dessein a toujours été de transformer les zones désertiques peu exploitées en les irriguant et de permettre à la vallée du Nil, densément peuplée, de se développer.

 

Plus : http://www.irinnews.org/fr/Report/97245/Briefing-Transformer-les-d%C3%A9serts-%C3%A9gyptiens-en-terrains-agricoles

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Francoise Autier's comment, January 14, 2013 12:09 PM
ca fait longtemps que ca existe. en tre le caire et Alexandrie, tout est vert. il y a des plantations a perte de vue ...
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L’agriculture en Haute Egypte menacée d’une catastrophe

Egypt-actus's insight:
Cinq gouvernorats de la Haute Egypte, Assiout, Sohag, Ménia, Louxor et Qéna, sont menacés d’une catastrophe agricole à cause d’une pénurie prévue d’engrais azotés.



Les cultures d’environ un million de feddans sont menacées d’être gâtées à cause de manque d’engrais.
Selon un rapport de la Banque de développement et d’Assurance agricole, une pénurie est prévue dans les engrais azotés subventionnés dont les quantités s’estiment à plus de cent mille tonnes. Pénurie qui a pour origine les difficultés auxquelles sont confrontées les usines d’Abou Qir et Mopco pour la production des engrais. (Le Progrès égyptien)
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9 thousand tons of carcinogenic pesticides in Egypt

9 thousand tons of carcinogenic pesticides in Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt's judiciary received on Wednesday a scientific report that confirms that 9 thousand tons of carcinogenic pesticides have entered Egypt in the era of the former regime despite a cabinet decision to ban these products.

A report by a Scientific Committee formed to investigate the case of the entry of carcinogenic pesticides to Egypt during the tenure of the former Ministers of Agriculture Youssef Wali and Amin Abaza.

The report revealed that around 33 banned pesticides entered Egypt despite the ban.

Thirty-five brands of pesticides that are known to cause cancer were banned by Egypt in 1996, yet Wali permitted the chemicals to cross into the country between 1998 and 2004.

The Criminal Court had sentenced Wali to prison for ten years for being convicted with selling an island in the Nile River for less than its original price to a businessman who was close to the former President Hosni Mubarak.

The report explained that there are safer alternative chemicals that can have been used instead of the banned pesticides.

It pointed out that the risk of the banned pesticides is not limited to causing cancer, as many of these products have severe toxic effects even if the level of exposure is at a low dose.

It added that these pesticides lead to genetic abnormalities and delayed formation, growth and death of embryos and ovarian cancer and other diseases.

The members of the Committee based their report on the results of scientific research on the impact of pesticides and its relationship to cancer in Egypt.  (Aswat Masriya)

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