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Egypt's 'true and pure' sheikh leads Salafis against Brotherhood

Egypt's 'true and pure' sheikh leads Salafis against Brotherhood | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Here in a village nestled deep in the Nile Delta, the growing flock of religious leader Muhammad Said Raslan is a sign of the increasingly powerful opposition to the ruling Muslim Brotherhood from within the broader Islamist movement.

 

Sheikh Raslan is on the far right of the ultraconservatives known as Salafis. He believes good Muslims do not vote or get involved with politics because they should devote their lives to "true religion", meaning a deep understanding of the teachings of Islam unadulterated by "innovations" such as democracy and literature.

 

Before the 2011 uprising that toppled the regime of Hosni Mubarak and set the country on a rocky path to democracy, Sheikh Raslan said it was wrong for Egyptians to rebel against the president - an unpopular view at the time that was criticised by some fellow Salafis.

Yet attendance at his Friday sermons has quadrupled to 4,000 since then, according to Sheikh Raslan's son, Abdallah.(...)

 

Sitting in a pink-accented majilis filled with fake flowers, Abdallah Raslan, 27, said his father's steadfast rejection of politics was among his greatest draws for Egyptians as well as dozens of Salafis from around the world. The dilapidated village is also home to followers from the US, Kazakhstan, Japan and Russia, among other countries.

"He never deviates," Abdallah said. "He will not meet with any political leaders. He will not give interviews. He only gives sermons."

 

Sheikh Raslan's rigid beliefs have made him one of the most influential critics of the Muslim Brotherhood, a group that has risen in the aftermath of the 2011 uprising to become the most powerful political group in Egypt. Mohammed Morsi, a former top official of the Brotherhood, was elected as president in June and the group's political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party, won nearly half the seats in the first parliamentary elections in 2011 and 2012.(...)

 

Sheikh Raslan then directed his comments to the Egyptian people: "You're a nice, oblivious people that suffered great wrongs. You are about to receive the severest punishment in an age of corruption that claims to be transitory, even though it is more corrupt. Their marriage with the authorities will be like Christian marriage - without divorce. Those people, if they are able, will get into your pores and your minds, mingle with your blood, and take possession of the key posts of power in the country in such a way that they will only be able to be dislodged by spilling rivers of blood."



More on: http://www.thenational.ae/news/world/middle-east/egypts-true-and-pure-sheikh-leads-salafis-against-brotherhood

 

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Egyptian 'bible-burning' preacher faces fresh investigation

Egyptian 'bible-burning' preacher faces fresh investigation | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
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The office of Egypt’s prosecutor-general has begun investigating Abu-Islam Ahmed Abdullah after he allegedly described Coptic Christian women as “whores” on his satellite television programme.

 

The complaint was filed by lawyer Naguib Gabriel.

Abu-Islam is also facing charges of defaming Christianity for burning copies of the New Testament.

Dozens of Abu-Islam’s supporters gathered in front of the Supreme Court on Saturday and chanted that the prosecutor-general is working for the Muslim Brotherhood. Security guards prevented them from entering the court.

Abu-Islam is the owner of the Umma and Mariya satellite television channels.

In a similar case, Egypt's Administrative Court recently ordered controversial Sheikh Abdullah Badr’s programme on the Al-Hafez religious channel to be taken off air for 30 days.

On 17 December, Badr was handed a one-year jail term and a LE20,000 fine for insulting the actress Elham Shahin on his show.

 

This content is from :El Ahram, via Aswat Masriya  
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Sources claim Brotherhood mired by dissent over Salafi tensions

Sources claim Brotherhood mired by dissent over Salafi tensions | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Sources close to the Muslim Brotherhood's guidance bureau said tensions between the Brotherhood and Salafi groups are continuing to rise.

The sources, who preferred to remain anonymous, said they witnessed a serious dispute Wednesday morning amid Brotherhood officials over whether to attempt reconciliation with the Salifi Dawah movement and the Nour Party.
The majority were in favor of seeking reconciliation immediately with both in order to present a united from before parliamentary elections.

However, dissenters made their voices heard and pushed for the strengthening of ties with other Islamist groups instead. The relationship between the Brotherhood and Nour Party has soured recently aftert the president's office dismissed Khaled Alam Eddin, the presidential advisor for environmental affairs, for allegedly abusing his position for personal gain.

 

However, Alam Eddin struck back in a press conference this week and said he was dismissed due to his criticism of the president and his refusal to be a puppet

 

In an interview with Al-Masry Al-Youm, Mahdi Akef, the Brotherhood's former supreme guide, said the relationship between Salafis and his organization must triumph over any dispute.

 

More on: http://arabia.msn.com/news/middle-east/1315218/sources-claim-brotherhood-mired-disse/

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Mursi Draws Salafi Ire Ahead of Egyptian Parliament Vote

Mursi Draws Salafi Ire Ahead of Egyptian Parliament Vote | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi’s troubles mounted as he faced growing ire from a powerful Salafi party, while his staff were forced to denounce as “lies” media reports that the defense chief was about to be fired.

Khaled Alam El-Din, Mursi’s adviser for environmental affairs, was fired on Feb. 17, the news of which reached him via the media. Alam El-Din, who hails from the ultraconservative Islamist Nour Party, broke down during a news conference yesterday, lashing out against the indignity of finding out through news reports and demanding an apology from Mursi. Bassam el-Zarqa, a Nour Party political aide to Mursi, resigned in solidarity.

 

The resignations and blowback from the dismissal raise the possibility that the Nour Party, which won the second largest bloc of seats after the Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party in the last election, might cease to cooperate and form yet another front in Mursi’s growing opposition.

 

Mursi’s spokesman Yasser Ali today sought to mend fraying relations with the Nour party.

 

“The presidency affirms its respect and appreciation to all political parties and their role on enriching the Egyptian political life, at its heart is Al Nour party, which is a national faction that enjoys an active political presence,” Ali wrote on his Facebook page.

 

That came hours after Ali, citing unspecified media reports, affirmed Mursi’s “appreciation and confidence in the patriotic and exceptional leadership role” played by Defense Minister Abdelfatah Al-Seesi, the head of the Armed Forces’ Supreme Council. (..)

 

More on: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-02-19/mursi-draws-salafi-ire-ahead-of-egyptian-parliament-vote.html

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Tension boils between presidency and ultraconservatives

Tension boils between presidency and ultraconservatives | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Tension between Egypt's presidency and the Salafi (ultraconservative) Nour Party boiled on Monday over the president's sacking of Nour member Khaled Alameddine who was his advisor for environmental affairs. 

Mursi sacked Alameddine from his post on Sunday after reports revealed that he may have exploited his power. 

Nour spokesman Nader Bakkar said at a conference today that Fouad Gadallah, Mursi's advisor for legal affairs, apologized to Nour member Ashraf Thabet over the sacking of Alameddine.

Gadallah however denied that he apologized or that the president's office intends to release an official apology. 

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya
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Un débat télévisé à la manière salafiste

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Source : http://french.irib.ir/galeries/videos/item/242677-egypte-le-cheikh-salafiste-participe-%C3%A0-un-d%C3%A9bat-vid%C3%A9o

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Arab revolutions and the Salafist challenge

Arab revolutions and the Salafist challenge | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Allam’s election as Grand Mufti illustrates that Al Azhar leaders do not wish to be pawns in the hands of extremist political groups and that bodes well for Egypt.

 

Two years into epochal revolutions that changed the Arab World, commentators identified alleged power vacuums that, apparently, were filled by extremist movements. The fear that Salafists would replace repressive dictatorships gained popularity as tensions in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and especially Syria, preoccupied analysts. Some were wondering, for example, whether Syria would become an Islamist state. Others anticipated profound transformations in North Africa.

Were Salafist challenges true existential developments that were about to negate the progress associated with the dramatic changes that befell the Arab World?(...)

 

Similar questions were raised elsewhere in classic power struggles. In Egypt, for example, a hardline cleric — Mahmoud Sha’aban — felt no compunction to call for the deaths of two key opposition figures, Mohammad Al Baradei and Hamdin Sabahy, during his “pseudo-religious” television invocations (...)

 

There was no denying that some of these extremists were loud. Yet, and no matter how much they shouted, the Arab Spring was not just sprouting Islamists, given that moderate voices were equally strong and vocal.

Indeed, the most recent election of the Egyptian Grand Mufti, Shaikh Shawky Abdul Karim Allam, attested to the phenomenon. A professor of jurisprudence from a provincial university in Tanta in northern Egypt, Allam secured the highest number of votes, as senior Al Azhar clerics chose him. He defeated Shaikh Abdul Rahman Al Bar, a prominent cleric in the ruling Muslim Brotherhood, who was tipped as a shoe-in because of his political affiliation. Importantly, Al Bar’s past service within the Brotherhood guidance bureau proved to be insufficient to secure the post.

 

By choosing a moderate voice, Al Azhar clerics rejected any Brotherhood efforts to further politicise the revered institution, distancing it from initiatives that intended to obtain its imprimatur on the contentious constitutional debate that rocked and continued to destabilise the political establishment. In other words, Allam’s election illustrated that Al Azhar leaders did not wish to become pawns in the hands of extremist political groups, which bode well for Egypt.

 

Beyond Allam, a largely apolitical figure, the country’s wise religious figures understood that one must not replace one dictatorship with another. Moreover, they telegraphed that Islamists emerging throughout the region ought to be “managed,” lest the most recent tiger of change usher in calamities galore.

 

Because Arab dictators tortured thousands of Islamists over the years, as the Zine Al Abidine Bin Ali, Muammar Gaddafi and Bashar Al Assad regimes, among others, exercised crackdowns involving mass murder and repression, the current Salafist growths were part vengeance and part vindication.

 

Nevertheless, past grievances cannot possibly justify the on-going bloodshed and, it is critical to clarify, few can monopolise righteousness.  (...)

 

More on: http://gulfnews.com/opinions/columnists/arab-revolutions-and-the-salafist-challenge-1.1145933

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Egypte : le face-à-face des salafistes et des ultras

La révolution égyptienne a pris des accents de tragédie grecque. La société se divise, les femmes se font violer, les jeunes s’affrontent, s’organisent en milice, la déliquescence de l’Etat permet tout, autorise le pire.

Dans ce maelström tragique, tous se plaignent, défilent, protestent et conspuent. Les uns appellent au départ de Mohamed Morsi, le président islamiste, les autres, au contraire, le défendent.  La porte est ouverte à toutes les manœuvres obscures et fatales pour la nouvelle Egypte. Tous tentent désespérément de sauver la Révolution, leur Révolution. Tous affirment qu’elle leur a été volée, confisquée, que l’autre ment ou n’a rien compris. Ni la police, ni l’armée ne sont épargnées. La Révolution égyptienne sent le soufre. Et chacun attend son heure. (Le JDD)

 

Plus : http://www.lejdd.fr/International/Afrique/Actualite/Egypte-le-face-a-face-des-salafistes-et-des-ultras-590646

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Egyptian Salafist leaders plan visit to Gaza

Egyptian Salafist leaders plan visit to Gaza | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Palestinian Jihadist movement in Gaza announced on Saturday that Egypt's Salafist Al-Watan Party Chairman Emad Abdel-Ghafour and former presidential candidate Hazem Abou Ismail will visit the besieged strip soon.

 

According to the movement's Commissioner of National Relations Salem Atallah, the visit is to collaborate with their movement and stand "in solidarity with Palestinians under siege."

Attallah detailed that the visit has been planned in coordination with Hamas, Gaza’s ruling government since 2007.

http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b04c09e3-f70f-43ff-9c60-9dbfc3d7acd5

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Crise politique: Les salafistes et le FNS, union et divisions

Crise politique: Les salafistes et le FNS, union et divisions | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Front National du Salut (FNS) et le parti salafiste Al-Nour ont publié, cette semaine, les clauses de leur initiative décidée le 30 janvier à l’issue d’une réunion à laquelle ont participé les dirigeants des deux formations.

 

Cette initiative commune a été une surprise pour de nombreux observateurs, étant donné que le FNS, qui regroupe des partis laïques, libéraux et de gauche, a depuis sa fondation été une cible d’attaques des partis islamistes qui l’accusaient de vouloir saper leurs tentatives d’asseoir l’Etat sur les principes de la charia.

Le fossé entre les partis politiques du FNS et ceux d’obédience islamiste a été notamment clair pendant tout le processus de la rédaction de la Constitution, un processus que les premiers ont fini par abandonner. (May Atta/Al-Ahram Hebdo)

 

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/960/10/124/1602/Crise-politique-Les-salafistes-et-le-FNS,-union-et.aspx

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Egyptian Cleric's Mission: Spread Salafi Doctrine : NPR

Egyptian Cleric's Mission: Spread Salafi Doctrine : NPR | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

In the final part of Morning Edition's series on ultra-conservative Muslims known as Salafis, we meet an Egyptian cleric who has made it his mission to spread the Salafi doctrine throughout the country. Hesham al Ashry is a firm believer in the strictest interpretation of Islamic law. 

Egypt-actus's insight:

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

Having overthrown their autocratic leaders, several Arab nations now face the question of how to govern themselves.

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

One of the toughest questions is the role that Islam should play in crafting new laws. Secular or moderate groups hope to leave space for democratic debate rather than clerical rule. That's especially true in Egypt, which has a large Christian minority.

INSKEEP: This morning, we'll meet a man who prefers a different path. He founded a group dedicated to replacing Egypt's constitution with this simple declaration: Islamic law will govern all. That would be the whole constitution. NPR's Leila Fadel concludes her reports on ultra-conservative Muslims, known as Salafis.

HESHAM AL ASHRY: I wish to have a Muslim country. Why not?

LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: Hesham al Ashry is a firm believer in the strictest interpretation of Islamic law. He dismisses his critics as unbelievers, even those who are Muslims.

ASHRY: They are against the religion of Islam. They don't want Islam in the country, even though they carry Islamic names.

FADEL: Ashry meets us at his office in downtown Cairo. The small, rotund cleric is a high-end suit tailor. He started in Brooklyn where he lived for over a decade. Under former president Hosni Mubarak's autocratic, but secular rule, people like Ashry were afraid to preach openly.

Ashry was detained briefly on suspicion of being a terrorist, a common accusation against Islamists. In Mubarak's day, even growing a beard too long or going to the mosque too often was enough to land you in jail. He's establishing a vice squad, of sorts, whose members will roam the streets advising people they think are breaking Islamic law.

When Ashry first spoke about the group in local media, about a month ago, a lot of Egyptians were outraged, especially when he said that all women, Muslim and Christian, should cover themselves completely, unless they want to be raped in the streets. Here's a local TV host responding to Ashry's ideas.

(SOUNDBITE OF TV BROADCAST)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Through translator) Egyptians don't need anyone to teach them their religion. They cover their hair, grow their beards or go to prayers because they want to, not because someone's ordering them to.

FADEL: Egypt's highest religious authority has called Ashry's vice squad destabilizing and wrong, as have other religious figures. Ashry tells me those who criticize him are un-Islamic and against Islamic law, known as Sharia.

ASHRY: Whoever fights Sharia law, that means he fights Islam. He fights the religion of Islam, the rules of Allah.

FADEL: He's been misunderstood, he says. His group is not violent. It's simply providing a service for the people. After another television interview here, he got quite a few death threats, but also a lot of support, he says. He sees Saudi Arabia as a great model of a Salafi state. It's a country where women have few rights and the anti-vice police has real authority.

Egypt - with its nightclubs and more permissive culture - is a far cry from that Arabian kingdom. Many here are deeply religious. Others are not. What worries some Egyptians about Ashry's mission is it's potentially destabilizing. Even Salafis who are work break the intolerant stereotype of their community find his rhetoric damaging.

In our interview, Ashry makes many questionable assertions. All women must cover their faces, hair, hands and bodies, he says, because that's what God wants. But then he adds this.

ASHRY: Medically, it's been proved that the woman flesh, you know, if they will be hit with the sunrise, right, some women get skin cancer in just one week.

FADEL: He thinks opposition leaders like Mohamed ElBaradei, the Nobel laureate and a Muslim, must repent for advocating liberal democracy in Egypt.

ASHRY: But I am against democracy system.

FADEL: But you voted for the president and the parliament, I tell him.

ASHRY: Well, many times, you have to do things that you have to. All right? Even if it's haram, but you have to.

FADEL: He did what is forbidden, or haram, for the greater good, he says, voting for Islamists - Islamists, he says, who promised to bring about a Muslim nation, but failed to deliver. Although he doesn't believe in democracy, Ashry says if Egypt is becoming one, then his right to free speech must be protected.

ASHRY: That's their morals, to give everyone the right to choose whatever he wants, so they have to accept me.

FADEL: Leila Fadel, NPR News, Cairo.

Copyright © 2013 NPR. All rights reserved. No quotes from the materials contained herein may be used in any media without attribution to NPR. This transcript is provided for personal, noncommercial use only, pursuant to our Terms of Use. Any other use requires NPR's prior permission. Visit our permissions page for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by a contractor for NPR, and accuracy and availability may vary. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR's programming is the audio.

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Egypte, une entente entre salafistes et opposition "libérale"? par Alain Gresh

Les islamistes contre les laïques, deux camps qui s’affrontent. Cette lecture des événements en Egypte prédomine dans la presse, en tous les cas depuis l’élection à la présidence de M. Mohamed Morsi, le candidat des Frères musulmans.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Une des difficultés qui entravent la bonne compréhension des évolutions actuelles réside dans le fait que, contrairement à ce que peuvent faire croire nombre de médias, les Frères ne contrôlent pas l’appareil d’Etat (ni les institutions religieuses, ni même la presse officielle, où s’exprime une diversité qui était impensable sous le régime Moubarak). Ce n’est pas la « frérisation » du pouvoir qui menace l’Egypte (même si les tendances autoritaires et hégémoniques des Frères sont indéniables), mais une sorte de chaos.

Au demeurant, l’événement le plus intéressant, passé sous silence, est la rencontre entre la direction du parti salafiste Al-Nour et celle du Front de salut national, qui regroupe une partie de l’opposition démocratique (une importante composante de celle-ci, dirigée par Abdel Monem Aboul Foutouh, a refusé de rejoindre l’opposition qui s’est alliée avec Amr Moussa, un homme de l’ancien régime — un fouloul [qu’on on pourrait traduire par « ci-devant »], comme on dit. Les deux parties ont signé un texte commun appelant à la formation d’un gouvernement d’union nationale (Salafist Nour Party, « NSF call for unity government », Ahramonline, 30 janvier 2013). (...)

L’accord en huit points inclut : la formation d’un gouvernement d’union nationale ; la création d’un comité pour amender les points controversés de la Constitution ; l’affirmation du caractère non partisan des institutions de l’Etat ; la nomination d’un nouveau procureur général ; la création d’un comité juridique pour enquêter sur les récentes violences ; l’établissement d’un consensus pour empêcher qu’une seule faction ne domine la vie politique ; le rejet de toute forme de violence et la réaffirmation du droit à manifester librement ; l’établissement d’un code de bonne conduite entre les partis politiques. (...)

Des salafistes et des libéraux unis sur des objectifs communs démocratiques ? Quelle hérésie, diront ceux qui ne voient l’Egypte qu’à travers le prisme de l’islam. Et si, au contraire, on se réjouissait du retour de logiques politiques, d’alliances et de confrontations...

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Salafist Nour Party, NSF call for unity government

Salafist Nour Party, NSF call for unity government | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Salafist Nour Party and National Salvation Front (NSF) announce 8-point plan to end Egypt's political crisis

Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt's National Salvation Front (NSF), the main opposition bloc, and the Salafist Nour Party agreed on a unified initiative that aims to end Egypt's ongoing political crisis, following a meeting held in Cairo on Wednesday.

 

The initiative includes eight terms, in which the main condition is to form a unity government that includes the representation of opposition groups.

"The agreement comes, as both sides (NSF and Nour Party) see that Egypt's political situation has escalated to an alarming level, as the initiative's goal is to protect the public interest and end future bloodshed," explained the press statement issued after the meeting.

The eight-points of the agreement that came in the press statement are:

Point 1: Form a unity government

Point 2: Form a committee to amend controversial articles in the constitution

Point 3: Non-partisanship of all state institutions

Point 4: Appointment of a new prosecutor-general

Point 5: Form a judicial committee to investigate recent violence

Point 6: Form a consensus between all parties to lead the country, prohibiting the domination of a single faction over political life

Point 7: Reject all forms of violence or vandalism of public property, and respect the right to peaceful protest and demonstrations

Point 8: Establish a code of political behaviour agreed upon by all parties to end the verbal warfare between politicians that affects everyone's political image. (Ahram Online)

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Les Salafistes entre manipulation et propagande …

Les  Salafistes  entre manipulation et propagande … | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

L’Islam c’est la seule idée forte qui entrave encore la marche forcée de la mondialisation asservissante de l’humanité. La chrétienté n’est plus un obstacle, surtout depuis Vatican II, alors le tour du combat d’envergure contre l’Islam est arrivé. (...)

Le spectre salafiste à la sauce Al Qaida ou du générique AQMI (Al Qaida au Maghreb Islamique) un peu plus proche de la France donc, est cultivé afin de donner un visage à un ennemi aussi bien à l’extérieur qu’à l’intérieur. Et il n’a pas été trop difficile de trouver des personnes musulmanes dites islamistes qui ont l’accoutrement des salafs pour les embrigader dans cette voie qui non seulement leur est préjudiciable mais serait préjudiciable à tous les musulmans. 

En Tunisie, Egypte, Libye ou Syrie pour ne citer que les pays qui sont sous la loupe actuellement ont vu des mouvements salafistes émerger. Ennemi désigné des occidentaux et de la frange laïque de ces pays, prélude à un affrontement entre ces deux composantes de la société après l’échec annoncé des islamistes light. Au nord Mali, il a été permis à des salafistes d’Ansar Eddine de prendre le pouvoir afin de mieux les éliminer et de s’installer sur place (exactement comme avec les Talibans en Afghanistan, avec un changement de modalités). D’ailleurs, l’opération au nom du carnassier du désert Servier de la France, rappelle étrangement l’intrusion des américains en Afghanistan il y a une dizaine d’année… 
La manipulation des salafistes va bon train, récemment des qataris, vous savez, ces arabes qui veulent bien à la Oumma, après avoir investi dans la course de chevaux à Longchamp et au PSG, sont venus au Maroc, encourager moyennant finances les choyoukhs salafia dit jihadia afin de monter un mouvement politique à l’instar de « Nour » en Egypte. Les  plus malléables n’ont pas pu refuser, de bonne foi les millions qui leurs ont été octroyés par leurs frères d’Al Jazeera. Pensant ainsi œuvrer pour le bien de leur communauté. Décidément, Dajjal a de beaux jours devant lui !!! 
  
Dr Zouhair LAHNA/Alter Info)

Plus : http://www.alterinfo.net/Les-Salafistes-entre-manipulation-et-propagande_a87124.html

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Willy G. MBOUKEM II's comment, March 12, 2013 2:28 AM
La propagande est une arme qui se revele innéficace face a l'esprit eclairé
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Egypt Salfists forced to cancel preaching event at ancient Pharaoh temple

Egypt Salfists forced to cancel preaching event at ancient Pharaoh temple | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

An Egyptian ultraconservative Islamist group was forced to cancel a planned “understanding of Islam” conference Friday in the ancient Egyptian temple of Abu Simbel, a major destination of foreign tourists, following wide criticism.

The conference “What is Islam?” had been called by Endowments Minister Talaat Afify, also vice president of the Salafists Religious Commission for Rights and Reform. It was meant to coincide with a rare solar phenomenon when the sun becomes perpendicular onto the face of King Ramses II and illuminates the inner sanctuary of Abu Simbel Temple.

The phenomenon happens only twice every year and attracts thousands of tourists every year. Ultraconservative Salafists sought to take advantage of the large congregation of non-Muslim visitors to “introduce” Islam to them.

 

Mohamed Saad, an organizer of the campaign "What is Islam?" told Al Arabiya English that the conference was cancelled following a "campaign against the endowment minister."

The planned event had been criticized by Egyptian officials at the ministries of tourism and antiquities who rejected involving religious affairs in the tourism industry. (Al Arabiya news)

 

More : http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2013/02/22/267746.html

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Salafistes vs Frères musulmans, par Hicham Mourad

L’exacerbation de la tension entre les différents protagonistes de la scène politique en Egypte a commencé à produire des phénomènes jusque-là inobservés. Le premier desquels est le remodelage de l’échiquier politique entre majorité et opposition. Jusqu’à récemment, la majorité était composée de partis islamistes (Frères musulmans et salafistes, toutes tendances confondues) alors que l’opposition était presque exclusivement libérale. La situation semble cependant évoluer vers plus de complication de la scène politique, avec l’entrecroisement de plusieurs lignes de division politique.

Le premier, et plus important symptôme, de cette évolution de la scène politique concerne le repositionnement du parti d’Al-Nour, la principale formation salafiste d’Egypte (25 % des sièges de la Chambre basse du Parlement, dissoute mi-juin). Al-Nour s’est joint à l’opposition libérale pour réclamer des concessions politiques au pouvoir, tenu par les Frères musulmans. (...)

La manoeuvre d’Al-Nour de faire alliance, même de circonstance, avec les libéraux, tend à acculer le pouvoir à faire des concessions. La formation d’un gouvernement d’union nationale est dans ce sens destinée à empêcher le PLJ de profiter d’une éventuelle impartialité des autorités en sa faveur lors des prochaines législatives, attendues en avril ou mai prochains. Le stratagème est toutefois risqué. Certains partis et personnalités islamistes ont critiqué l’attitude d’Al-Nour de faire cause commune avec les « laïcs » du FNS pour des objectifs qualifiés d’opportunistes. Ce qui risque de se retourner contre le parti. Le pari d’Al-Nour est de profiter du discrédit dont souffrent les Frères musulmans auprès de l’électorat pour gagner plus de sièges lors de la prochaine échéance électorale. Mais c’est sans prendre en considération la recomposition de la scène salafiste en Egypte, qui risque de compromettre ce dessein. Lors des dernières législatives, Al-Nours’accaparait le soutien des principaux cheikhs salafistes. Aujourd’hui, il doit faire face à l’apparition de nouvelles formations salafistes et à l’éventuelle division entre les prédicateurs soutenant telle ou telle formation. Outre la formation dissidente d’Al-Watan, le prêcheur salafiste controversé, mais très populaire, Hazem Salah Abou-Ismaïl, ancien candidat disqualifié à la présidentielle, devrait créer son propre parti à l’approche des législatives. Il a d’ores et déjà annoncé son alliance électorale avec Al-Watan. Cette multiplication des partis salafistes risque de désorienter et de rendre confus leurs électeurs potentiels au profit, peut-être, des Frères musulmans, qui restent, eux, unis. (Al-Ahram Hebdo)


Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/962/4/132/1733/Salafistes-vs-Fr%C3%A8res-musulmans.aspx

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De l’eau dans le gaz entre les anciens alliés salafistes et Frères musulmans

De l’eau dans le gaz entre les anciens alliés salafistes et Frères musulmans | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les anciens alliés islamistes sont à couteaux tirés. Justice et Liberté (le bras politique des Frères musulmans) et Nour (« lumière », parti salafiste) avaient obtenu la majorité absolue des sièges aux élections de fin 2011/début 2012 et constituaient donc un « bloc islamiste ». Mais depuis, le Parlement a été dissous, un Président, Mohamed Morsi, issu des Frères musulmans a été élu, et aucun portefeuille ministériel pour les alliés salafistes de Nour…

La rancœur et les ambitions électorales de Nour ont fini par venir à bout du soutien des salafistes aux Frères musulmans. Depuis peu ce parti avait rejoint l’opposition et réclamait la démission du gouvernement! Un membre du parti Nour a été renvoyé ce dimanche pour « avoir tenté d’abuser de sa position » comme conseiller aux affaires environnementales, d’après le gouvernement. Mais d’après l’accusé, Khaled Alam Eddin, et son parti, Nour, il n’a été renvoyé que parce qu’il était critique des politiques des Frères musulmans. (Sophie Anmuth/Nouvelles du Caire)


Plus : http://blog.slateafrique.com/nouvelles-du-caire/2013/02/18/les-salafistes/

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Egypte : un groupe salafiste mobilise des milliers de pro-Morsi

Egypte : un groupe salafiste mobilise des milliers de pro-Morsi | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

VIDEO

 

Chaque vendredi, les opposants au président Mohamed Morsi ont pris l’habitude de se rassembler. Hier, ils ont protesté devant Al Kouba, l’un des palais présidentiels égyptiens situé à la périphérie de la capitale. Les partisans du président Morsi étaient beaucoup plus nombreux, des milliers à se retrouver devant l’université du Caire. C’est le groupe salafiste Gamaa Islamiya qui avait appelé à cette manifestation. Il accuse l’opposition d‘être responsable des débordements et des violences dans la rue. (Eurinews)

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Salafis open fire on Morsi

Salafis open fire on Morsi | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Representatives of the Salafist Nour Party launched a scathing attack on President Mohamed Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood in the Shura Council this week, writes Gamal Essam El-Din. Other Islamist forces, including the Wasat Party, joined in the criticism, taking Morsi’s administration to task for Egypt’s worsening political crisis and warning that Egypt will remain on edge until a national salvation government is appointed and there are serious attempts to hold a national dialogue.

Non-Brotherhood Islamist forces launched their criticism of Morsi on 10 February, during a Shura Council debate on clashes outside the presidential palace in Cairo and in several other governorates. They singled out Morsi’s recently appointed Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim for particular opprobrium, accusing him of using the same repressive tactics as the Mubarak regime.

“The Morsi-appointed government of Hisham Kandil has run out of steam and lost all credibility,” said the Nour’s Tarek Al-Sihari, deputy speaker of the Shura Council. “Under this government the lives of Egyptian citizens are deemed worthless.”

“It has become clear that Kandil has little control over his government and lacks any economic or political vision for the country’s future,” Al-Sihari continued. “His government has to go, and go quickly, to be replaced by a national salvation government capable of organising free and democratic parliamentary elections.”

The Nour’s official spokesman Abdallah Badran joined the attack, wondering out loud “why President Morsi does not want to be a president for all Egyptians and why he is unaware that his policies are to blame for the proliferation of violence across Egypt.” (Al-Ahram Weekly)

More : http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/1426/17/Salafis-open-fire-on-Morsi.aspx

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Egypte: un mufti salafiste va être interrogé pour appel au meurtre

Egypte: un mufti salafiste va être interrogé pour appel au meurtre | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Le procureur égyptien va convoquer pour interrogatoire un prédicateur salafiste  accusé d'avoir appelé à tuer des dirigeants de l'opposition égyptienne, selon une source judiciaire.

Ce religieux, Mahmoud Shaaban, avait provoqué une vive réaction en émettant une fatwa (édit religieux) appelant au meurtre de figures de l'opposition laïques, invoquant des arguments basés sur la charia, la loi islamique.Le religieux avait mentionné dans une émission sur une chaîne de télévision satellitaire les noms de Mohamed ElBaradei, ancien chef de l'agence de l'ONU pour l'énergie nucléaire et prix Nobel de la paix en 2005, et Hamdeen Sabbahi, ancien candidat à la présidence en juin 2012.Ils sont tous deux dirigeants du Front national du salut (FSN), principale coalition de l'opposition laïque, critique du président islamiste Mohamed Morsi. (IRIB)

 

Plus : http://french.irib.ir/info/afrique2/item/242182-egypte-un-mufti-salafiste-va-%C3%AAtre-interrog%C3%A9-pour-appel-au-meurtre

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Artists in Egypt work in a tense atmosphere

Artists in Egypt work in a tense atmosphere | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
The Muslim Brotherhood and Salafis give artists cause for concern. Their work reflects the country's uneasy mood and conflicts.

The Muslim women in Marwa Adel's photographs are shadows, repressed by custom, religion, marriage and regret. While nude, the figures are obscured by sepia scrims, scrawled upon with stifling words — as if their true selves may never be known.

Like their creator, a single mother edging at the bounds of artistic freedom in a patriarchal society, the images are at once vulnerable and defiant. A man from the Muslim Brotherhood, the nation's dominant political force, which is infusing Islam into a once-secular government, scolded her at a recent exhibition.

"He had a long beard and he stood up and told me, 'How could you do something like this? You are a Muslim.' He said women should be veiled and covered. His kind wants us to cover our minds, our issues. I told him, 'Don't worry about me. I know my God very well.'"

She touches a computer screen. A woman, face in hands, surrounded by cages, seeps to life. She touches the screen again. And again. (...)

"The ultraconservatives say I'm an atheist," she said, adding with a piercing dig at the opposite sex, "but if you argue with a man, you argue with God."

The political rise of the Brotherhood and more extremist Salafis scares Egyptian artists, writers, satirists and journalists. Brotherhood leaders engulfed by political unrest and economic turmoil have not, at least at this point, shifted significant attention toward galleries and museums.

 

The ArtTalks gallery in Cairo's Zamalek neighborhood is prone to works that touch upon the revolution: Wailing mothers holding the hearts of fallen sons; an imam and a priest, sitting side by side with pensive expressions; a family portrait as if painted from the 1940s — before a stricter Islam was imported from the Persian Gulf — with unveiled women and men in western suits. One of the most striking paintings is a half-male, half-female nude, kneeling, the face covered by a veil, the body part of a cross. The image crystallizes the crises of religion, civil rights and identity radiating through the Middle East.

 

More on: http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/arts/culture/la-et-cm-egypt-brotherhood-artists-20130210,0,6593632.story

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La Dawa salafiste valorise la position de l'imam d'Al-Azhar avec Ahmedinejad

Le porte-parole officiel de la Dawa salafiste, Abdel Moneim Chahhate a valorisé la position de l'instance d'Al-Azhar envers le président iranien, Mahmoud Ahmedinejad, en visite actuelle en Egypte.

L'imam d'Al-Azhar a demandé au président iranien de désavouer l'insulte des compagnons du Prophète (ALBS), notamment l'épouse du Prophète, Aicha et d'arrêter toute tentative de favoriser l'expansionnisme chiite en Egypte, a-t-il déclaré mardi.

 

Plus: http://fr.allafrica.com/stories/201302061204.html?aa_source=sptlgt-grid

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Salafis and secularists breaking stereotypes over coffee

Salafis and secularists breaking stereotypes over coffee | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

How two groups at opposite ends of the spectrum can help unify a torn country.
It’s a rarely quite Thursday night on the streets of downtown Cairo. Mohammed Mahmoud Street, constantly ridden with violence, has been barricaded off from each side and left completely abandoned save for a few pedestrians on foot, carrying trays of finger food and dessert. As they all turn into a small side street, past the coffeehouse chain Costa Coffee, they eventually gather at a small apartment where they greet each other with warmth, laughter and a slew of inside jokes.

Although it may appear like a casual gathering of family or friends, this is the regular meeting of the revolutionary movement group ‘Salafyo Costa’ or Costa’s Salafis (....)

 

Founded in April of 2011, Salafyo Costa came to be known to the public through the images of bearded men in Tahrir Square carrying a banner of the Costa Coffee shop logo with a picture of a man with a beard rather than the coffee beans displayed in the center. With all the controversy surrounding those belonging to the Salafi belief in Egypt, who along with the Muslim Brotherhood gained a majority in the parliamentary elections held in 2011 and continue to dominate Egypt’s political scene, Salafyo Costa served as a refreshing, and humorous, take on a group of people who had been perceived by the rest of the public as ultra conservative.

 

On the other side of the spectrum, and in another coffee shop chain, ‘Elmaneyo Cilantro’, or Cilantro Secularists, were also formed in order to change the perception of a different group in Egypt’s political life – the liberals.

 

“We looked at the scene and found a gap, there was no group out there that represented our vision so we decided to fill that gap ourselves,” said the group in a written out reply since they refuse to conduct individual interviews. Unlike the laid back, welcoming attitude of Salafyo Costa, the Cilantro Secularists are more formal and somewhat elusive.

 

At this point in Egypt’s political scene, and under the ruling of an Islamist president, the two groups represent two sides at odds with each other. On the one hand, the Islamist side is in power but remains heavily criticized by the other factions, while the liberal side can’t seem to get the majority on its side with a less striking message to spread.

Egypt-actus's insight:

In our opinion, we are representing a simple and accurate understanding of secularism for people who may not have had the chance to look over its principles and thought, or for those who may have gotten the wrong, perhaps distorted, idea about secularism,” says the Cilantro Secularists.

The Costa Salafis are also trying to show another perspective of the country’s Salafis, albeit through a different method.

 

“The movement is based on the fact that we hold people from different groups and ideologies,” says El-Mougy. “It’s like a lab or a test, if we don’t accept each other within this group then we won’t accept each other on the streets.”

According to the group, only 35% of the members are Salafis while 25% are Christians and the rest are a mixture of liberals, secularists and Ikhwanis.

 

Which is precisely why Mariam Shalaby decided to join Salafyo Costa a year ago.

“When I was growing up in a conservative family, we weren’t allowed to talk to Christians or people showing their hair then I found this group that houses all these different people who cooperate together in community work that benefits everyone,” she says.

At the same time, Shalaby was allowed to preserve her identity as a Muslim within the group. “But it doesn’t let anyone give up their own identity, no one has to try to be a little more liberal to be able to talk to someone,” says Shalaby.

And that also applies to opinions on politics. Even though Salafyo Costa recognizes itself as a revolutionary group, it still houses members with different opinions on politics and doesn’t have one political direction.

“Our personal opinions do not reflect the opinions of the group as a whole,” says Ibrahim Shahin, a long time member of Salafyo Costa.(...)

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Salafist preacher Borhami accuses ElBaradei of inciting violence

Salafist preacher Borhami accuses ElBaradei of inciting violence | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Salafist preacher Yasser Borhami has accused head of the Constitution Party Yasser Borhami of inciting violence through his social media statements.

 

Referring to ElBaradei's tweet posted late Friday reading "Violence and chaos will continue until Morsi & co listen [to] people's demands: new gov (government), democratic const (constitution), independent judiciary," Borhami said the liberal figure should be held accountable for encouraging the violence.

 

"[The statement] can be considered a form of incitation for violence and a subversion from the agreement of the Azhar initiative … He has to be held accountable," said the Salafist figure in a press statement Saturday.

 

An Al-Azhar initiative to stop the present violence was launched Thursday amidst escalating clashes between protesters and police across Egypt, and is joined by both the Salafist El-Nour Party and the National Salvation Front (NSF) of which ElBaradei is a founding member.  

 

Borhami's attack on ElBaradei comes after El-Nour Party, of which the Salafist figure is considered a godfather, and the NSF had come to agreement over possible reforms that could better ground a national dialogue.

 

More : http://news.egypt.com/english/permalink/171027.html

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Salafi Dawah defends meeting with opposition

Salafi Dawah defends meeting with opposition | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Salafi Dawah vice president Yasser Borhamy slammed Islamist forces who criticized the Nour Party for meeting with the liberal National Salvation Front (NSF) to discuss a solution to the ongoing violence.
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“Why didn’t they criticize President Mohamed Morsy and [Salafi preachers] Mohamed Hassan and Mohamed Hussein Yacoub when they met with the front?” Borhamy retorted.

The Nour Party launched in initiative to bridge the growing divide between the president and opposition forces, who demand a new government and a new, non-Islamist constitution. The party’s initiative came out of the clashes that erupted nationwide between protesters and police on the second anniversary of the 25 January revolution, which have left more than 53 dead to date.

The NSF rejected Morsy’s invitation to participate in a national dialogue earlier this week, but Front leader Mohamed ElBaradei later changed his mind, and renewed a call for dialogue.

A reported 150 Nour Party members were said to have resigned to protest the meeting between the Nour Party and the NSF. The Nour Party has not confirmed this report.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egypt independent)

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