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Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Egypte: Le prêt du FMI doit être soumis à Al-Azhar selon le parti salafiste Al-Nour

Egypt-actus's insight:

Le prêt que l’Egypte négocie auprès du Fonds monétaire international (FMI) doit être soumis aux autorités religieuses en vertu de la nouvelle Constitution, estime le parti Al Nour, principale formation salafiste.

La loi fondamentale adoptée par référendum en décembre impose la consultation de l’université Al Azhar, qui fait autorité auprès des sunnites, sur “les sujets ayant trait à la charia”, or la loi islamique proscrit l’usure.

Abdallah Badrane, président du groupe Al Nour au Sénat, a déclaré à Reuters que le mouvement envisageait de saisir la justice pour obtenir gain de cause.

 Taux d’intérêts à 1,1%

Invoquant une certaine souplesse dans l’interprétation de la charia en cas de force majeure, le mouvement salafiste avait dans un premier temps fait savoir qu’il ne s’opposerait pas à ce prêt. Le taux d’intérêts fixé par le FMI devrait se situer aux alentours de 1,1%, ce qui est très inférieur à celui du marché.

L’initiative pourrait compliquer la finalisation du prêt. Conclu l’an dernier par le gouvernement issu des Frères musulmans, l’accord a été suspendu en raison des troubles politiques qui continuent à agiter le pays, deux ans après la “révolution du Nil”.

Selon Le Caire, les négociateurs du FMI sont attendus sous peu pour finaliser le prêt, qui supposera à coup sûr la mise en oeuvre de mesures d’austérité. Pour les observateurs, il ne sera vraisemblablement pas ratifié avant les élections législatives prévues en avril. (Reuters, via Algérie1)

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La Dawa salafiste valorise la position de l'imam d'Al-Azhar avec Ahmedinejad

Le porte-parole officiel de la Dawa salafiste, Abdel Moneim Chahhate a valorisé la position de l'instance d'Al-Azhar envers le président iranien, Mahmoud Ahmedinejad, en visite actuelle en Egypte.

L'imam d'Al-Azhar a demandé au président iranien de désavouer l'insulte des compagnons du Prophète (ALBS), notamment l'épouse du Prophète, Aicha et d'arrêter toute tentative de favoriser l'expansionnisme chiite en Egypte, a-t-il déclaré mardi.

 

Plus: http://fr.allafrica.com/stories/201302061204.html?aa_source=sptlgt-grid

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Egypt Scholar Scolds Ahmadinejad Over Sunni Rights

Egypt Scholar Scolds Ahmadinejad Over Sunni Rights | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's top Sunni Muslim scholar told Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Shi'ite Iran on Tuesday that his country must give full rights to Sunnis living in Iran and refrain from interfering in the affairs of Gulf Arab states.

Egypt's top Sunni Muslim scholar told Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Shi'ite Iran on Tuesday that his country must give full rights to Sunnis living in Iran and refrain from interfering in the affairs of Gulf Arab states.

Grand Sheikh Ahmed al-Tayeb, the head of al-Azhar mosque and university, also urged Ahmadinejad to "respect Bahrain as a sisterly Arab state", according to a statement issued by al-Azhar's media office.

It said Sheikh al-Tayeb also rejected "the extension of Shi'ite reach" in Sunni countries. They met on the first visit by an Iranian head of state to Egypt since the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, which overthrew the former shah.  

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"Azhar Document" big step on path to stability

Egypt-actus's insight:

Egypt's presidency on Thursday welcomed the articles of al-Azhar document to put an end to violence, describing it as a "big step on the path to achieve stability in Egypt".

In a statement published earlier today on the presidency's spokesman Facebook page, the presidency said it welcomes the principles endorsed in the document.

These principles include "the necessity of renouncing all forms of violence as well as firmly and directly condemning it ... and affirming the state's responsibility in safeguarding the security of the citizens and protecting public and private properties".

The presidency praised the document's call for making the national dialogue effective and forming a committee to agree on the goals of this dialogue and its agenda.

The presidency also considered that today's meeting "marks providing a real opportunity for development efforts and highlights the role of youths and their responsibilities in order to achieve the goals of our glorious revolution".

Representatives of parties and political powers signed the document to condemn the violence that flared up in the country on the anniversary of the January uprising last Friday.

Violent clashes in several cities left more than 50 people dead and hundreds injured over the past few days.

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya
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Egypt politicians renounce violence at crisis talks

Egypt politicians renounce violence at crisis talks | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's feuding politicians renounced violence on Thursday after being summoned by the country's most influential Muslim scholar to talks to end the deadliest unrest since President Mohamed Mursi took power.

It remains to be seen whether the pledge to end confrontation will halt a week of bloodshed on the streets that killed nearly 60 people. Opposition groups did not cancel new demonstrations scheduled for Friday.

But participants at the meeting, including leaders of Mursi's Muslim Brotherhood and its secular rivals, described their joint statement as a major step towards ending a conflict that has made the most populous Arab state seem all but ungovernable two years after an uprising toppled autocrat Hosni Mubarak.

The meeting was convened by Sheikh Ahmed al-Tayyeb, head of the thousand-year-old al-Azhar university and mosque, one of the few institutions still seen as neutral in a society that has become increasingly polarized.

He told politicians that a national dialogue, "in which all elements of Egyptian society participate, without any exclusion, is the only tool to resolve any problems or differences.(...)

Participants signed a document pledging to renounce violence and agreed to set up a committee of politicians from rival groups to work out a program for further talks.

Saad el-Katatni, head of the Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party, called it "an historic day".

 

Al-Azhar, one of the main seats of learning in Sunni Islam worldwide, has tended to keep itself above Egypt's political fray. Its extraordinary intervention follows a warning by the army chief on Tuesday that street battles - which erupted last week to mark the second anniversary of the uprising that toppled Mubarak - could bring about the collapse of the state.

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Egypt's top Muslim cleric cancels Saudi visit over perceived slight

Egypt's top Muslim cleric cancels Saudi visit over perceived slight | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Cairo airport officials say Egypt's top Muslim cleric cancelled a visit to Saudi Arabia at the invitation of its monarch when he discovered that senior delegates traveling with him were assigned economy class seats by their Saudi hosts.

The officials said Sheik Ahmed al-Tayeb, the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar — Sunni Islam's highest seat of learning — angrily disembarked from a Saudi-bound airliner shortly before takeoff on Wednesday and instructed his delegation to follow suit. Al-Tayeb was assigned a first class seat.

The Egyptians were due to perform the minor pilgrimage to Mecca, or umrah, before flying to the Saudi capital Riyadh to attend Monday's award ceremony for the King Faisal International Prize for scientific and religious achievement.

The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because of the matter's sensitivity.

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Al Azhar steps in to help achieve Millennium Health targets for women - Health

Al Azhar steps in to help achieve Millennium Health targets for women - Health | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Plans made at a Cairo seminar by the WHO and moderate Islamic Al Azhar University towards the improvement of women's health in a region captive by harmful traditions will be revealed in Dubai. In the name of piety and the misconceptions of religion, many women in the MENA region fall victim to practices that degrade their humanity and profoundly affect their physical and psychological wellbeing - sometimes to a degree beyond repair. The World Health Organization offices hosted Al Azhar University in a collaborative consultative seminar under the title "Women's health in Islam: addressing harmful traditional practices". 

Health experts along with religious figures from the international Islamic centre for population studies and research at Al Azhar University went over the current situation, including the various traditions affecting women’s health and laid the foundation for improvements in the near future.

Dr Alaa Alwan, WHO Regional Director for Eastern Mediterranean, stressed that although many efforts have been made towards specific improvements, such as reproductive health issues, real change will not take place until deeply-rooted practices and misconceptions are addressed, awareness is heightened and gender-related mistreatments are exposed.

According to the statistics releases by the WHO, Egypt - along with Somalia, Djibouti, etc - topped the list of countries in the region still performing female genital mutilation.

Citing the WHO, 91 per cent of girls are subjected to this practice and, most shockingly, 31.9 per cent of the procedures are performed by educated medical professionals who are aware of the consequences.

Egypt-actus's insight:

These efforts aim to accelerate the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, where ten countries in the region are still at risk of falling behind by the end of the specified period, targeted for the end of 2015.

In addition to female genital mutilation, the panel discussed the problems of early marriage and child bearing, which is still deeply rooted in the community. It was highlighted that for females between the ages of 14 and 19 years of age, the leading cause of mortality is pregnancy and birth complications because they are so young and lack of adequate medical care.

The discussion was deemed utterly important in a society where deeply-rooted social and traditional malpractices are associated with misinterpretations of religion, relying on the role of Al Azhar as a highly-respected religious entity deeply rooted in the Egyptian conscience, and a symbol of moderation.

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Le grand imam d'Al-Azhar : création d'une chaîne satellitaire afin d'affronter le fondamentalisme

Le Pape TawadrosII a accueilli mercredi le grand Imam d'Al-Azhar Ahmed El-Tayeb et le Mufti de la République Ali Gomaa au siège de la Cathédrale Saint-Marc à Abbassiya. Une délégation de hauts responsables religieux a accompagné le grand Imam afin de féliciter sa Sainteté à l'occasion du nouvel an et Noel copte.

Au cours de la visite, le grand Imam d'Al-Azhar a annoncé la création d'une chaîne satellitaire au nom d'al-Azhar afin d'affronter le fondamentalisme.

L'ancien ministre des Waqfs Hamdi Zakzouk et le conseiller du cheikh d'Al-Azhar pour le dialogue Mahmoud Azzab ont participé à cette visite.

 

Egypt State Information Service

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Egypte: El Tayeb critique la confiscation par l'occident des libertés des citoyens musulmans

Egypte: El Tayeb critique la confiscation par l'occident des libertés des citoyens musulmans | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Grand Imam d'Al Azhar, cheikh Ahmed El Tayeb, a critique la confiscation par l'Occident des libertés individuelles et collectives des citoyens musulmans, dans certains pays d'Europe.

Il a exprimé son étonnement du comportement d'une grande puissance européennes en termes de voile islamique et d'odhiya (bête que l'on sacrifie à l'occasion de l'Aid Al-Adha), lequel contredit la Charte internationale des droits de l'Homme.

Cheikh El Tayeb a tenu des propos en ce sens lors d'une rencontre mercredi avec la ministre d'Etat britannique aux affaires de la Foi et des Collectivités, Sayeeda Hussain Warsi.

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El Tayyeb s'est entretenu avec le directeur général de l'organisation islamique pour l'education, les sciences et la culture

El Tayyeb s'est entretenu avec le directeur général de l'organisation islamique pour l'education, les sciences et la culture | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

El Tayyeb a examiné les moyens de renforcer la coopération entre El Azhar et l'Organisation islamique pour l'Education, les Sciences et la Culture (ISESCO) dans les domaines scientifiques et éducatifs.

More on: http://fr.allafrica.com/stories/201302061203.html?aa_source=sptlgt-grid

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Egypte : Discussions pour une sortie de crise

Al Qarra - Jeudi au Caire, des représentants de tous les mouvements politiques, révolutionnaires ou religieux se sont réunis à l’Université Al-Azhar, la plus haute autorité de l’islam sunnite. A l’issue de cette rencontre sous la médiation du chef de l’institution, le cheikh Ahmed al-Tayyeb, les participants sont tombés d’accord sur un certain nombre de principes. A travers la signature du « document d’Al-Azhar », ils se sont engagés à dénoncer la violence et à ne pas l’inciter.

Mohamed El Baradei, membre du Front de salut national (FSN):

« Nous sortons de cette réunion avec une sorte d’optimisme malgré les nombreux défis. Chacun pense que le destin de l’Egypte est en jeu et nous allons faire tout ce que nous pouvons avec une bonne volonté pour construire la confiance entre les factions du peuple égyptien ».

Amr Moussa, membre du Front de salut national (FSN) :

« Nous travaillons pour sauver l’Egypte, qui passe par une mauvaise situation, une situation instable, et c’est notre responsabilité. »

Les participants ont pris l’engagement de privilégier le dialogue et une résolution pacifique de la crise.

Saad al-Katatni, chef du Parti de la Justice et de la Liberté de Morsi:

« Tous les participants à la réunion ont exprimé qu’ils étaient prêts à faire des compromis pour que ce dialogue réussisse. »

Depuis une semaine, une nouvelle vague de violences a fait au moins 56 morts en Egypte. L’opposition a néanmoins appelé à des manifestations vendredi pour dénoncer la politique du président Mohamed Morsi. Elle l’accuse de trahir l’esprit de la révolution, et de concentrer le pouvoir entre les mains des Frères musulmans, dont il est issu.

 

Par Jihane Boudraa

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Egypt's leaders meet for crisis talks called for by top cleric

Egypt's leaders meet for crisis talks called for by top cleric | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s politicians met on Thursday to try to find a solution to the crisis engulfing the country, which has claimed dozens of lives since the second anniversary of the revolution that overthrew Hosni Mubarak in 2011.

The meeting was called by the country’s most influential religious scholar, the head of the al-Azhar university, Sheikh Ahmed al-Tayyeb, Reuters reported.

Al-Tayyeb told the gathered politicians a national dialogue was needed, "in which all elements of Egyptian society participate, without any exclusion, is the only tool to resolve any problems or differences".

The dialogue meeting was attended by top officials from President Mohammed Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood, as well as secularist and leftist party members.

The leaders signed a document renouncing violence, according to Reuters.

Violent protests have swept Egypt, from Cairo to Port Said, since January 25. The opposition blames Morsi of betraying the revolution and signing away the liberties many of the revolutionaries fought for in a new constitution passed late last year.(...)

 

Fresh protests were planned for Friday.

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El-Qaradawi from Al-Azhar: Egyptian revolution is gift from God

Egyptian sheikh Youssef El-Qaradawi said that the revolution is "a gift from God" in his Friday sermon from Al-Azhar Mosque on the second anniversary of the 25 January revolution.

 

El-Qaradawi, head of the International Union for Islamic Scholars, said that "whoever doubts that [the revolution] is God's gift, doubts certainty."

Egypt-actus's insight:

He also said that even though the revolution gave people the freedom to disagree and protest, people should not "abuse their rights."

 

He encouraged "discussion" as the "only tool" to move forward and called for stability, saying that many Arabs are ready to help Egypt with "billions" to revive its economy. 

 

"Egypt was lost in the former regime; its finances were [stolen] and people could be arrested from their homes in the middle of the night and no one would know their place," he added.

 

El-Qaradawi, a veteran member of the Muslim Brotherhood, also spoke about how he himself was arrested at the hands of the former regime, including one occasion when he was detained for two weeks without his family's knowledge.

 

"This is how people lived before. We thank God that he gave us the revolution – this isn't a Muslim or a Christian or a 6 April revolution; this is a revolution of all Egyptians," he said.

 

At the end of the Friday prayers, many people started chanting "Islamic, Islamic" inside the mosque. 

 

El-Qaradawi also spoke about Prophet Mohamed, whose birth is commemorated by Muslims in 2013 on 24 January, saying that God sent him as "mercy for all mankind."

 

He spoke about the prophet's character and life, calling on people to follow his example.   

 

El-Qaradawi arrived in Cairo from Qatar on Wednesday to attend the anniversary of the 25 January revolution.




Ahram Online, via Egypt.com

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« El Masreyin el Ahrar » soutient le Front de défense d’Al-Azhar contre l’extrémisme idéologique

« El Masreyin el Ahrar » soutient le Front de défense d’Al-Azhar contre l’extrémisme idéologique | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

 

Le parti des « Egyptiens Libres», a déclaré son soutien total au « Front de la Défense d’Al-Azhar », cible de campagnes féroces contre cette institution religieuse. Il est à rappeler qu’Al-Azhar est considéré comme une institution modérée, un phare de l'Islam tolérant, et un symbole du respect de l’autre, de l'unité des Egyptiens et de leur lutte contre l'extrémisme idéologique.


Dans un communiqué, le parti a déclaré qu’il offrirait tous les moyens pour soutenir ce Front naissant. Il a aussi appelé les autres partis et courants nationaux, ainsi que les intellectuels, penseurs et  organisations de la société civile à supporter ce front, ses objectifs et actions en vue de protéger AL-Azhar et ses Ulemas (savants religieux) des accusations d’apostasie et des tentatives du courant extrémiste pour contrôler Al-Azhar, ternir son image et réduire son rôle historique.

 

Traduction par Randa CHART

 

أعلن حزب المصريين الأحرار، دعمه ومساندته الكاملة لـ جبهة الدفاع عن الأزهر الشريف، فى مواجهة الهجمة الشرسة التي يتعرض لها الأزهر كمؤسسة وسطية عريقة، ومنارة للإسلام السمح واحترام الآخر، ورمزاً لوحدة المصريين ونضالهم ضد ما وصفوه قمع السلطة والتطرف الفكرى...

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Egypt's al-Azhar University Issues Book Teaching Kids the Killing of Sinners

This video footage is taken from a televised show on Al-Tahrir TV channel (Egypt) showing a guest quoting passages from a book - titled 'al-Iqnaa' (The Persuasion) - issued by al-Azhar University (one of the world's oldest universities & the most prestigious Islamic school) being taught to Egyptian high-school students that calls for the killing of sinners - such as apostates, those who don't pray, adulterers, and those who have a punishment set for them - as well as their eating.

The talk show host was very surprised and warned that this could be fertile ground for religious zealots who form Saudi-like committees for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice to carry out such acts on Egyptian citizens.

As the Muslim Brotherhood became increasingly powerful in Egypt, such insane Wahhabi writings have made their way even into the most prestigious religious institutions in that country.

Source: Al Tahrir TV (Egypt)

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