On Friday, 25 January, Egypt will mark the second anniversary of the mass uprising that toppled former President Hosni Mubarak. Tens of thousands of Egyptians will once again amass at Tahrir Square to commemorate the occasion and one thing is certain—there will be no revelry this year. Two years on, opposition activists say they have little to celebrate.
“The revolution has been hijacked and the revolutionary goals of ‘Bread, Freedom and Social Justice’ have yet to be fulfilled,” lament members of the Revolutionary Youth Union.
They have called for a “second revolution ” to rid the country of Muslim Brotherhood rule. Their demands also include “retribution for the martyrs, retrials for those accused of killing the protesters, the purging of the Interior Ministry, the dismissal of the Morsy-appointed prosecutor general and the amendment of the new constitution.”
Sixteen opposition political forces—including the 6 April group and reform leader Mohamed ElBaradei’s Al Dostour party—have also called for protest marches . Unlike the youth-revolutionaries however, their declared aim is not to force Morsy to step down.
Rather, they will demand “a faster pace of reforms” and reject what they call “the Brotherhoodization of the state.” The National Salvation Front, Egypt’s main opposition bloc will also participate in the protests “to complete the goals of the revolution and send a message that the people will protect the revolution,” its members have said.
A faltering economy, a fragile security situation and Morsy’s crackdown on the media are among the main concerns driving Friday’s anti-government protests. An Islamist-backed constitution—hastily pushed through in December despite objections from liberals and Christians that it is “unrepresentative of the entire population and undermines women’s rights and curtail freedoms”—has prompted a decline in the popularity of the Islamists, plunging the country into deep political turmoil. (...)