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Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Égypte : violentes manifestations pour les 2 ans de la "révolution"

Égypte : violentes manifestations pour les 2 ans de la "révolution" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Outre l'opposition au président des Frères musulmans Mohamed Morsi, l'Égypte affronte une grave crise économique et un déficit budgétaire en hausse.
Egypt-actus's insight:

Extrait

 

Menace d'une "nouvelle révolution"

Les Frères musulmans n'ont pas officiellement appelé à manifester vendredi. Pour marquer l'anniversaire, ils ont lancé une initiative intitulée "Ensemble nous construisons l'Égypte", consistant en une série d'actions sociales et caritatives. Le climat est alourdi par l'annonce attendue samedi du verdict dans le procès des responsables présumés de la mort de 74 personnes à l'issue d'un match de football à Port-Saïd (nord-est) en février 2012. Les "Ultras" du club cairote d'al-Ahly, qui assurent compter la grande majorité des victimes, menacent de manifestations violentes et d'une "nouvelle révolution" s'ils n'obtiennent pas justice.

Outre la crise politique, l'Égypte affronte une grave crise économique, avec l'effondrement des investissements étrangers, la chute du tourisme et un déficit budgétaire en hausse notamment. Hosni Moubarak, 84 ans dont 30 au pouvoir, malade et condamné à la prison à perpétuité, attend quant à lui un nouveau jugement dans l'indifférence d'une grande partie de la population, pour qui il appartient déjà au passé.

 

AFP, via Le Point

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Egypt: Violence in Tahrir Square on anniversary of Mubarak's fall

Egypt: Violence in Tahrir Square on anniversary of Mubarak's fall | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Hundreds clashed with Egyptian police in Tahrir Square on Friday in a violent start to the second anniversary of the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak and led to the election of an Islamist president who is now the focus of popular anger.
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FJP head: Egyptians entitled to celebrate uprising anniverary without violence

FJP head: Egyptians entitled to celebrate uprising anniverary without violence | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

All Egyptians are entitled to celebrate the anniversary of then January 25 revolution in their own way without violence or vandalism under any pretexts, head of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) Mohamed Saad al-Katatni said on Friday.

Everyone has the right to celebrate the revolution's anniversary in their own way whether by means of peaceful demonstrations or through developmental projects, Katatni wrote in a statement on his Facebook page.

The FJP had said it will not take part in the demonstrations on the revolution's second anniversary yet last Tuesday it launched a campaign called "Together We Build Egypt" to commemorate the revolution.

The campaign's goal is to develop education, industry, agriculture, and housing, Katatni explained.

"No one has the right to exercise violence or vandalise the state's institutions and the properties of Egyptians under any pretext," he stated. (Aswat Masriya)

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En images. L'Egypte fête sa révolution dans le trouble

En images. L'Egypte fête sa révolution dans le trouble | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Des manifestations sont attendues au Caire, ce 25 janvier, à l'occasion du deuxième anniversaire du soulèvement populaire ayant évincé le président égyptien Hosni Moubarak.
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diaporama

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Paris : manifestation de soutien au peuple égyptien

Paris : manifestation de soutien au peuple égyptien | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

A l'initiative du "Groupe des égyptiens du 25 janvier 2013" et de la coalition "France révolution en France", avec le soutien d'Amnesty International France, une Grande Marche se déroulera ce vendredi 25 janvier de 17.00 à 20.00 de Belleville à Bastille
Rassemblement à 16.45 au métro Belleville

 

https://www.facebook.com/events/149388385213922/

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Le Parti de « la Constitution »: El-Baradei dirigera la marche

Le Parti de « la Constitution »: El-Baradei dirigera la marche | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le site officiel du Parti de « La Constitution » a publié ce vendredi que le président du parti, M. Mohamed ElBaradei, prendra la tête de la marche à partir de la mosquée de Mostafa Mahmoud  (à Mohandessin) après la prière du vendredi. Et ce dans le cadre des manifestations se dirigeant vers la place Tahrir pour participer à la célébration du 2ème anniversaire de la Révolution du 25 Janvier.

Un certain nombre de militants avaient mentionné sur les réseaux sociaux que El-Baradei était blessé au genou et qu'il ne participera pas aux cérémonies de commémoration.

Il est à rappeler que El-Baradei avait adressé au peuple égyptien un message enregistré l’incitant à participer dans les manifestations de vendredi.

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Egyptians to protest on revolution anniversary

Egyptians to protest on revolution anniversary | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Huge demonstrations were expected in Egypt Friday on the second anniversary of the revolution that ousted Hosni Mubarak and brought in an Islamist government, as political tensions simmer and economic woes bite.

Demonstrators were making their way to Cairo's Tahrir Square, where some had already spent the night, after police clashed Thursday with protesters who tried to dismantle a wall of concrete blocks closing a street leading to the square.

Some demonstrators hurled rocks at riot police who responded with tear gas grenades. The interior ministry said five policemen were injured and appealed to demonstrators to avoid confrontation with the security forces.

The secular-leaning opposition has called for mass protests against President Mohamed Mursi and the Muslim Brotherhood from which he hails, using the same slogan that brought Egypt to its feet in 2011: "Bread, freedom, social justice."

"Go out into the squares to finally achieve the objectives of the revolution," opposition leader and former head of the UN's atomic agency Mohamed ElBaradei wrote on his Twitter account.

Friday's demonstrators were set to gather at Tahrir Square, iconic birthplace of the 2011 revolution, and in front of the presidential palace, where anti-Mursi rallies last December erupted into deadly clashes with Islamist supporters.

 

Rallies were also due to be staged elsewhere, notably in Egypt's second city Alexandria, and the authorities have prepared for a heavy security presence, an official said. (...)

 

The Muslim Brotherhood has not officially called for its own rallies, instead marking the anniversary by launching a charitable and social initiative dubbed "Together we will build Egypt."

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Révolution égyptienne: le président appelle à des célébrations pacifiques

Le président Mohamed Morsi a appelé jeudi soir les Egyptiens à célébrer "de manière pacifique et civilisée" le deuxième anniversaire de la révolte populaire qui a renversé Hosni Moubarak, alors que des heurts ont eu lieu au Caire entre manifestants et forces de l'ordre.

Egypt-actus's insight:

"J'invite le peuple égyptien à célébrer" l'anniversaire de la révolution vendredi "de manière pacifique et civilisée", a déclaré M. Morsi dans un discours à l'occasion de la commémoration de la naissance du prophète de l'islam.

Ces propos interviennent alors que la police a fait usage dans la journée de gaz lacrymogènes pour tenter de disperser des manifestants non loin de la place Tahrir au Caire, selon un journaliste de l'AFP sur place.

 Des dizaines de jeunes Egyptiens tentaient de démonter un mur de blocs de béton bloquant une rue menant à la place emblématique du soulèvement de janvier-février 2011 dans le but, selon l'un d'eux, de permettre aux manifestants de circuler librement le lendemain.

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Manifestation du 24 janvier 2013

البديل ترصد لحظة هدم جدار القصر العيني والاشتباكات بين الامن والمتظاهرين تصوير آدم سعيد مونتاج محمد أنور سوشيال ميديا هالة احمد تابعونا علي موقعنا http://www...
Egypt-actus's insight:

Protesters brought down the wall on Kasr El-Ini Street off Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo on Thursday afternoon.

Earlier in the day, Egyptian riot police used tear gas with tens of protesters who tried to bring down the cement wall that bans protesters from reaching the Egyptian Parliament and Cabinet Council building.

Tens of protesters fainted from smoke inhalation and three policemen were injured and transferred to a nearby hospital as a result of the clashes, Ahram Arabic news website reported.

The wall was built in November 2012 during Cairo's downtown Mohamed Mahmoud's commemoration where clashes took place between Egypt's Central Security Forces (CSF) and protesters.

Around 47 peaceful protesters were killed in November 2012 during prolonged street clashes that erupted after Egypt's CSF violently dispersed a sit-in in Cairo's Tahrir Square. (El-Ahram)

 

--------------------------

 

Army vehicles brought concrete blocks and a crane to rebuild the concrete wall on Qasr al-Aini Street ripped apart by protesters earlier on Thursday.

Al-Masry Al-Youm reported that the Interior Ministry asked the army to help rebuild the wall. Army officers were seen talking to police officers at the scene.

The Interior Ministry also deployed armored vehicles to the area with crowd control barricades and tear gas canisters, in anticipation of further clashes between protesters and the police forces. Clashes died down earlier in the afternoon after some protesters organized a human shield to separate the two sides.

Earlier in the afternoon, security used tear gas canisters to disperse the demonstrators, while protesters responded with stones and Molotov cocktails.

The two sides threw stones and tear gas canisters at each other. Some protesters suffered from the effects of the tear gas and were taken to the field hospital in Tahrir on motorcycles. They chanted: "The people want to bring down the regime," and  "The Interior [Ministry] are thugs." Some of the protesters set up wooden towers in the square, saying they would use them for surveillance. The demolition began at dawn, leading to sporadic clashes throughout the morning near the Shura Council on both sides of the concrete barrier. Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm
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Egyptian women march on Jan. 25 anniversary

Egyptian women march on Jan. 25 anniversary | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Feminist groups have called on Egyptian women to march to Tahrir Square and the presidential palace on Friday, which marks the second anniversary of the January 25 revolution.

A joint statement by the groups said that the chants during the marches will include ones against the "Brotherhood's constitution" and the "Brotherhoodization" of the state.

Gathering at Sayeda Zeinab Mosque and Gazeera Club, two marches will head to Tahrir Square, while another group will gather in Roxy and march to the presidential palace. 

The purpose of the marches is to confirm that the revolutionary path is ongoing and that it is the only solution, the statement said.

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Egypt women protest over rape at National Diabetes Institute

Egypt women protest over rape at National Diabetes Institute | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A number of women’s rights groups and organizations protested on Wednesday outside the Egyptian National Diabetes Institute after a janitor reportedly raped 7 patients while they were unconscious and receiving medical attention in the hospital.

Egypt-actus's insight:

The New Women Foundation sent an invitation to activists to join the protest on Wednesday, which was a silent demonstration in respect to the patients inside the hospital. A number of other initiatives were expected to take part in the protest.

The cases broke when one patient realized what had happened to her while she was under anesthesia and filed a report against the man along with a doctor who works there, the protest statement said.

The janitor, identified as 37-year-old Mustapha is now being held in Sayeda Zeinab jail on detention awaiting a court date.

 

More : http://bikyanews.com/84447/egypt-women-protest-over-rape-at-national-diabetes-institute/

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Egypt parties, groups call for Friday rally to demand labour rights

Handful of revolutionary groups call for protests this Friday to demand workers' rights, accuse Qandil govt of working against interests of Egypt's labourers

Egypt-actus's insight:

After accusing the government of working against the interests of labourers, several Egyptian political parties and movements issued a statement on Tuesday calling for mass protests this Friday – on the occasion of the January 25 Revolution's two-year anniversary – to demand workers' rights.

 

The joint statement was issued by the Egyptian Federation for Independent Unions, the Revolutionary Socialists, the Socialist Popular Alliance Party, the Egyptian Popular Current, the National Association for Change, the Free Egyptian movement and the Kefaya protest movement.

"We failed to implement maximum and minimum wages, nor were we able to remove the corrupt heads of many Egyptian institutions and companies," read the statement. "Workers' conditions continue to deteriorate even after we won the right to form independent labour unions."

Labour activists have recently accused Prime Minister Hisham Qandil of merely amending a law – Law 35 of 1976 – that they wanted scrapped altogether. They claim that the move was intended to allow Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood-led government to control labour unions nationwide.

The statement also condemned the recent dismissal and transferral of several union members. It went on to criticise recent government appeals against court orders annulling the privatisation of several major public-sector companies, asserting that these companies' workers remain jobless despite the earlier court orders.

The statement concluded by enumerating the groups' demands, which include "retribution" for slain protesters, the re-employment of workers sacked for pursuing union activities, the amendment of Law 12 of 2003 (which has been criticised for undermining basic labour rights), the issuance of laws safeguarding union freedoms, the setting of national minimum and maximum wages, and the dismissal of the Qandil government.

 
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Dozens Protest In El-Manyal Against Muslim Brotherhood

Dozens Protest In El-Manyal Against Muslim Brotherhood | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Dozens of Egyptians are protesting now in El-Manyal, Cairo against the Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, chanting "Down with the MB supreme guide...People Want to overthrow the regime".

The hardcore Ahli fans, or "Ultras", and the families of the martyrs of the Port Said massacre are participating in the demonstration.

A court’s hearing of Port Said football massacre will be next Saturday. Egypt's worst-ever football tragedy left more than 70 Ahly fans dead after they were attacked by Masry fans at an Ahly-Masry match in the Port Said stadium on 1 February 2012.

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Egypte : manifestations houleuses deux ans après la révolution

Egypte : manifestations houleuses deux ans après la révolution | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
L'opposition appellait à se rassembler contre le président Morsi et les Frères musulmans, dont les bureaux ont été incendiés dans la ville d'Ismaïliya.
Egypt-actus's insight:

Des heurts ont éclaté dans plusieurs villes d’Egypte vendredi lors de manifestations contre le pouvoir islamiste, à l’occasion du deuxième anniversaire du soulèvement populaire qui renversa Hosni Moubarak. Des accrochages sporadiques entre groupes de jeunes et forces de l’ordre, qui avaient débuté jeudi, se sont poursuivis aux abords de la place Tahrir, dans le centre du Caire, où une foule de milliers de personnes réclamait une «nouvelle révolution» et une «vraie démocratie».

Certains manifestants se sont momentanément rassemblés devant le très symbolique immeuble qui abrite la télévision d’Etat et le ministère de l’Information, avant de se rendre à Tahrir. Non loin de là, des manifestants ont également jeté des pierres sur un immeuble abritant des locaux des Frères musulmans, la formation dont est issu le président Mohamed Morsi. A Alexandrie et Suez, la police a fait usage de gaz lacrymogène contre des manifestants, selon des témoins.

«Il y a beaucoup de fumée à cause des pneus brûlés. Et il y a des gens étendus par terre qui n’arrivent pas à respirer à cause du gaz lacrymogène», a dit à l’AFP Racha, une habitante d’Alexandrie. A Ismaïliya des manifestants ont attaqué le siège local du Parti de la liberté et de la justice (PLJ), la formation politique des Frères musulmans, et y ont mis le feu, selon un correspondant de l’AFP.

«Ca va être une grosse journée (...) parce que les Egyptiens en ont marre», prédisait un manifestant au Caire, Mohammed Abdallah, en référence à la profonde crise politique et économique que traverse le pays. «Je suis ici pour exiger la liberté et la justice. L’Egypte a besoin d’une nouvelle révolution pour les jeunes et pour une vraie démocratie», affirmait Chawki Ahmed, 65 ans.

L’opposition, composée de mouvements en majorité de gauche et libéraux et qui affiche une unité encore précaire, a appelé à défiler à travers le pays contre le président Morsi et les Frères musulmans, en reprenant les mêmes mots d’ordre qu’il y a deux ans : «Pain, liberté, justice sociale». «Sortons vers les places pour finaliser les objectifs de la révolution», a appelé sur Twitter Mohamed ElBaradei, l’une des figures de proue de l’opposition laïque. Les forces de l’ordre ont prévu de renforcer leur présence, selon une source de sécurité. (Libération)

 

Plus : http://www.liberation.fr/monde/2013/01/25/l-egypte-celebre-le-2e-anniversaire-de-la-revolte-en-manifestant_876753

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Live Updates: Clashes mark anniversary of Egypt's revolution

Live Updates: Clashes mark anniversary of Egypt's revolution | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

17:10 Marches leaving from Shubra and Mostafa Mahmoud have reached a packed Tahrir as the masses chant "the people demand the overthrow of the regime."

17:05  The Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party headquarters in Ismailia have been torched, Reuters reports.

Witnesses told the British news agency that a group of youths had first broken into and then ransacked the office of the FJP.

17:00  Protesters in Suez have entered the governorate’s headquarters amid escalating clashes with the security forces, Ahmed Khafagi a member of the Suez Youth bloc told Ahram Online .
Khafagi added that they hung up a poster of a slain protester as soon as they entered the government building.

16:55 Back on Tahrir Ahram Online's Sarah El-Rashidi talks to journalist Sherin Ali about her take on Egypt, two years on from the revolution: "I'm here today because I believe oppression, poverty and injustice is not the written fate of the Egyptian people. Millions have been struggling for freedom and dignity. However, unfortunately, we are cursed with one leader after another who believe that coming to power simply means enjoying the privileges of the position without its full responsibility and duty."

“I'm here today not to remove Morsi, because he assumed power through the ballot box, but to remind him that he has a duty to the Egyptian people and that he can't oppress and exclude the opposition”, she added.

Egypt-actus's insight:

16:50  Moving north to the Cairo suburb of Nasr City, the march which kicked off from Rabaa Al-Adawyia mosque has arrived at the presidential palace, reports Al-Ahram Arabic news website.

Security presence was bolstered earlier this morning around the main gate to the palace.

16:45 In central Cairo, 100s block the Maspero Corniche, where the state radio and television headquarters are located, calling for the end of the regime, reports Ahram Arabic website.

“Down with the rule of the [Muslim Brotherhood] Supreme Guide," the demonstrators

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Clashes erupt between protesters, security forces in Alexandria

Clashes erupt between protesters, security forces in Alexandria | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Clashes erupted on Friday noon between protesters and security forces in front of the local municipality in Alexandria's Kom al-Dekka neighbourhood.

An Aswat Masriya eyewitness reported the absence of security bodies in most areas where protests are taking place in the city.

Scores have started rallying at al-Qaed Ibrahim Mosque following the Friday noon prayers. (Aswat Masriya)

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Violence flares on anniversary of Egypt uprising

Violence flares on anniversary of Egypt uprising | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Hundreds of youths clashed with Egyptian police in Tahrir Square on Friday in a violent start to the second anniversary of the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak and led to the election of an Islamist president who is now the focus of protester rage.

Opponents of President Mohamed Mursi and his Muslim Brotherhood allies are expected to mass in Tahrir Square later on Friday to revive the demands of a revolution that they say has been betrayed by the Islamists. (...)

 

The anniversary will once again showcase the divide between the Islamists and their secular opponents. The Brotherhood has decided against mobilising in the street for the occasion, a decision that could reduce the likelihood of confrontation.

"The people want to bring down the regime," declared banners in the square. "Save Egypt from the rule of the Supreme Guide," said another, a reference to leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie.

Mursi, in a speech on Thursday marking the Prophet Mohammad's birthday, called on Egyptians to mark the anniversary "in a civilised, peaceful way that safeguards our nation, our institutions, our lives".

"The Brotherhood is very concerned about escalation, that's why they have tried to dial down their role on January 25," said Shadi Hamid director of research at the Brookings Doha Centre.

"There may very well be the kinds of clashes that we've seen before, but I don't see anything major happening that is going to fundamentally change the political situation," he said.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Mursi faces discontent on multiple fronts.

His opponents say he and his group are seeking to dominate the post-Mubarak order. They accuse him of showing some of the autocratic impulses of the deposed leader by, for example, driving through a controversial new constitution last month.

The Brotherhood dismisses such criticism as unfair. It accuses its opponents of failing to respect the rules of the new democracy that put the Islamists in the driving seat by winning elections.

Six months into office, Mursi is also being held responsible for an economic crisis caused by two years of turmoil. The Egyptian pound has sunk to record lows against the dollar.

Other sources of friction abound. Activists are impatient for justice for the victims of political violence perpetrated over the last two years. Little has been done to reform brutal Mubarak-era security agencies. A spate of transport disasters on roads and railways neglected for years is feeding discontent.(...)

A strong turnout on Friday could also help the Brotherhood's opponents ahead of the elections. "There is a lot of power in this day and a real chance to use that to mobilise their supporters in the lead-up to the elections," Hamid said.

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Égypte : révolution An II, un anniversaire en demi-teinte

Égypte : révolution An II, un anniversaire en demi-teinte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
L’Égypte célèbre, vendredi 25 janvier, le deuxième anniversaire de sa révolution. L'occasion, pour beaucoup d'Égyptiens, de manifester leur hostilité à la politique du nouveau président, l'islamiste Mohamed Morsi.
Egypt-actus's insight:

C’est dans un climat de tension politique et de crise économique que l’Égypte célèbre, vendredi 25 janvier, le deuxième anniversaire de la révolution qui a contraint Hosni Moubarak à la démission début 2011. Le pays peine toujours à trouver son équilibre entre un pouvoir qui se prévaut de la légitimité des urnes et ses adversaires qui dénoncent l'émergence d'un système autoritaire dominé par les Frères musulmans. L’Égypte subit également l'effondrement des investissements étrangers, la chute du tourisme et la hausse du déficit budgétaire.

À l’occasion de cet anniversaire, l'opposition a appelé à défiler à travers le pays contre le président islamiste Mohamed Morsi et les Frères musulmans dont il est issu. « Sortons vers les places pour finaliser les objectifs de la révolution », a appelé sur Twitter Mohamed ElBaradei, l'une des figures de proue de l'opposition laïque.

Des rassemblements sont prévus sur l'emblématique place Tahrir, au Caire, devant le palais présidentiel d'Héliopolis dans la banlieue de la capitale ainsi que dans plusieurs villes de province comme Alexandrie (nord) et Assiout (centre). Les forces de l'ordre ont prévu de renforcer leur présence, selon une source de sécurité.

"Pain, liberté, justice sociale"

Les manifestants reprendront les mêmes mots d'ordre révolutionnaires qu'il y a deux ans: « Pain, liberté, justice sociale ». La veille, des brefs heurts ont opposé non loin de la place Tahrir la police à des manifestants qui tentaient de démanteler un mur de blocs de béton pour permettre aux manifestants de circuler librement le lendemain dans le centre-ville.

Les Frères musulmans, eux, n'ont pas officiellement appelé à manifester, mais on ils ont lancé une initiative intitulée « Ensemble nous construisons l'Égypte », rassemblant une série d'actions sociales et caritatives.

Le climat ne devrait pas s’apaiser samedi, jour du verdict du procès des évènements de Port-Saïd. Accusés de meurtre et de négligence ayant causé la mort, 75 personnes dont neuf policiers et trois responsables du club de football Al-Masry sont poursuivies par la justice égyptienne. 74 supporteurs avaient trouvé la mort lors d’affrontements en marge d’un match de football, le 1er février dernier.

Les « Ultras » du club cairote d'al-Ahly menacent de manifestations violentes et d'une « nouvelle révolution » s'ils n'obtiennent pas justice.

(Jeune Afrique, avec AFP)




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Le Ministère de la Santé: 16 blessés dans les heurts de Kasr el Eini

Le Ministère de la Santé: 16 blessés dans les heurts de Kasr el Eini | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Ministère de la Santé a déclaré, dans un communiqué publié vendredi matin et publié dans l’Agence de presse turque Anatolie, que les heurts qui ont éclaté hier (jeudi) à Kasr El-Eini entre des manifestants et les forces de sécurité ont fait 16 blessés.

Aucun cas de décès n’a été signalé et tous les blessés ont déjà quitté les hôpitaux.

Des  dizaines de manifestants blessés ont été soignés pour des suffocations liées au gaz lacrymogène.

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Clashes in Egypt on eve of uprising anniversary

Fresh clashes broke out in Cairo on the eve of the second anniversary of the Egyptian revolution which led to the downfall of Hosni Mubarak.

This time the violence was directed at the country's first freely-elected leader, Mohamed Mursi.

Police used tear gas against protesters, as activists accused the president of betraying the goals of the Arab Spring uprising.

Political uncertainty and an economic crisis have undermined support for the country's transition.

Mursi has also been accused of failing to deliver on election promises. Security issues and fuel and food shortages still frustrate many Egyptians.

Further mass protests are expected across the country on Friday, with large rallies in Cairo's Tahrir Square and outside the presidential palace.

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In pictures: Clashes on Qasr Al-Eini Street (24/1/2013)

In pictures: Clashes on Qasr Al-Eini Street (24/1/2013) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Clashes erupted on Thursday afternoon between members of the Central Security Forces and protesters trying to pull down one of the concrete barriers on Qasr Al-Eini Street

State-owned MENA reported that protesters threw rocks at the CSF who responded with tear gas and warning shots.

Five CSF officers were reported injured. It was unclear how many protesters were injured.

Photos by Mohamed Omar

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Deux ans après sa révolution, l'Egypte continue de manifester

L'Egypte célèbre vendredi, sans grands motifs de réjouissance, le deuxième anniversaire de la "révolution du Nil" qui a balayé le régime d'Hosni Moubarak: l'économie est en berne et le pays, divisé et polarisé, s'attend à de nouvelles manifestations contre le pouvoir, cette fois, islamiste. (Reuters)

Egypt-actus's insight:

Extraits

 

L'opposition a appelé à manifester place Tahrir vendredi, date anniversaire du début de la révolution, pour exprimer sa colère contre le président Mohamed Morsi et les Frères musulmans dont il est issu.

Elle accuse le gouvernement d'avoir trahi l'esprit et les objectifs de la révolution du 25 janvier, qui avait galvanisé les Egyptiens dans une manifestation d'unité nationale jamais retrouvée depuis.

(...)

Les Frères musulmans ont annoncé de leur côté qu'ils n'appelaient pas leurs partisans à descendre place Tahrir. Les yeux rivés sur les prochaines élections législatives, la confrérie fêtera le deuxième anniversaire de la révolution en lançant une campagne caritative en faveur des plus démunis.

(...)

Les partisans de Mohamed Morsi jugent les critiques de l'opposition injustes.

Pour eux, l'adoption rapide d'une nouvelle Constitution a, au contraire, permis de rétablir la stabilité tandis que l'opposition ne fait qu'aggraver la situation en continuant à provoquer des incidents.

Pouvoir et opposition se rejettent par ailleurs la responsabilité de la mauvaise situation économique actuelle, alors que la chute de la livre égyptienne a renchéri le coût des denrées à l'importation dont le pays dépend cruellement.

L'opposition accuse le gouvernement de mal gérer l'économie, tandis que le gouvernement rejette la responsabilité sur le climat d'instabilité entretenu par ses opposants.

(...)

Les Frères musulmans reconnaissent certes que bien des objectifs portés par la révolution sont en suspens et doivent encore être atteints. Mais ils considèrent que l'adoption d'une Constitution et l'élection du premier président civil du pays sont déjà de grandes avancées. (Hélène Duvigneau pour le service français, édité par Jean-Loup Fiévet)

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Egypt: Publish Fact-Finding Committee Report | Human Rights Watch

Egypt: Publish Fact-Finding Committee Report | Human Rights Watch | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

President Mohamed Morsy should mark the second anniversary of Egypt’s January 25, 2011 uprising by publishing and acting upon the findings of a fact-finding committee on accountability for security force abuses, Human Rights Watch said today. The committee reported to him in December 2012.

 

The president appointed the committee soon after he took office in June, following the acquittal of several senior security officials accused of responsibility for the killings of protesters during the uprising that toppled former President Hosni Mubarak. Two years later, those responsible for the killing of protesters in 2011 and subsequent incidents of police and military abuses and excessive use of force against protesters are walking free. Without accountability and the political will for serious reform of the security sector, there can be little hope of deterring future abuse, Human Rights Watch said.


 

“Two years after the uprising, prosecution failings, security agency cover-ups, and a failure of political will have conspired to deny justice to victims of government abuse,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East andNorth Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “It’s high time to end political compromise over accountability and to set the public record straight. Publishing this report about police and military force abuses is the first step.” (...)

 

Publication of the new report would be a step towards addressing the right of victims’ families to know the truth about the circumstances in which their relatives died, Human Rights Watch said. That should be possible without compromising the interests of justice – for example by withholding the names of those allegedly responsible while the allegations against them are rigorously investigated.”



Egypt-actus's insight:

Police killed at least 846 protesters during the January 2011 protests, but only two police officers are serving time behind bars for those killings. A one-year trial resulted in life sentences for Mubarak and the former interior minister, Habib al-Adly, for failing to prevent the killing of protesters. But the four assistant interior ministers in daily command of police operations during the uprising were acquitted. The judge ruled that there was no convincing evidence to “prove that the death and injury of the victims were caused by police weapons,” instead finding “criminal elements” responsible.

The Court of Cassation, Egypt’s highest court, overturned the Mubarak verdict on January 13, 2013, citing procedural failings, and the acquitted former officials now face retrial. Ineffective investigations, security agency obstruction, and laws that give overly broad discretion to the police in using live gunfire meant that 27 of 36 other trials of middle-ranking and low-level police officers accused of killing protesters in the vicinity of police stations during the uprising have resulted in the acquittals. Only four trials have resulted in prison sentences, some suspended or imposed in absentia, with only two police officers serving time.

The fact-finding committee that Morsy appointed by decree last July was charged with gathering information and evidence about the killing and injury of demonstrators between January 25, 2011, and  June 30, 2012, and reviewing the “measures taken by executive branches of government and the extent to which they cooperated with the judicial authorities and any shortcomings that may exist.”

The committee said on its website that it had identified 19 separate incidents in which the police or military used excessive force or committed other violations against protesters. After it submitted its report in late December, Morsy forwarded it to the public prosecutor. The prosecutor appointed an investigatory team of 20 prosecutors, whose spokesman said on January 21 that the committee had revealed “14 new incidents” that prosecutors were investigating in “absolute secrecy.”

 

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Echauffourées à l'aube à Kasr El-Eini

Echauffourées à l'aube à Kasr El-Eini | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Des dizaines de protestataires de Tahrir ont détruit jeudi matin, une partie des blocs de béton qui les séparent de la police  dans la rue Kasr el Eini.  

Ces affrontements  brusques ont éclaté à l’aube entre les manifestants et les forces de sécurité, à la veille du 2ème anniversaire de la Révolution.

 

Les heurts ont eu lieu à proximité de la Shura, des deux côtés du "mur" de béton, bloquant la rue. Les manifestants ont jeté des pierres et cocktails molotov sur les forces de sécurité qui ont riposté avec des bombes lacrymogènes.


Des sources de sécurité ont déclaré à Al-Masri Al-Youm que les affrontements ont commencé après la tentative des manifestants de détruire le « mur » et le détachement de quelques blocs de béton.

 

 

Traduction par Randa CHART

هدم العشرات من المعتصمين في ميدان التحرير، فجر الخميس، جزءا من الجدار الخرساني العازل الذي يفصلهم عن الشرطة في شارع قصر العيني، وسط اشتباكات متقطعة بين المتظاهرين وقوات الأمن المركزي.

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Egypte – le gouvernement tente de désamorcer les manifestations du 25

Egypte – le gouvernement tente de désamorcer les manifestations du 25 | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Pour le 25 janvier prochain sont prévues des manifestations à la fois pour célébrer les deux ans de la révolution, et pour affirmer que la révolution continue.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Pour certains, la continuité s’exprime ainsi: 2011: à bas Moubarak, 2012, à bas le Conseil militaire, 2013, à bas les Frères musulmans.
Le Conseil militaire était l’organe chargé de diriger le pays en attendant que le pouvoir revienne à un civil élu.
Et en ce moment, pour beaucoup d’opposants, ce n’est pas le président Mohamed Morsi qui dirige mais le Guide suprême de la Confrérie, Mohamed Badie.
Il est vrai que les Frères ne font rien pour arranger les choses : il arrive au porte-parole des Frères musulmans, un groupe – qui est certes bien entendu lié à son parti politique Justice et Liberté (dont sont issus le président et une bonne partie de sont gouvernement) – de s’exprimer en lieu et place du gouvernement. Par exemple Mahmoud Ghozlan a tout récemment déclaré qu’aucune violence ne serait tolérée lors des manifestations de commémoration du 25 janvier. Rien à redire sur l’idée, certes une énième mise à sac des bureaux des Frères musulmans ferait désordre… mais le maintien de l’ordre public est a priori du ressort du gouvernement, pas d’une nébuleuse tout aussi proche du pouvoir soit-elle.

 

Le gouvernement des Frères ne cesse de se revendiquer comme le digne héritier de la révolution. Ils ne convainquent pas grand-monde, car la plupart des Egyptiens sont fatigués et déçus par les résultats du soulèvement – mais il agacent au plus haut point ceux à qui ils donnent l’impression de voler leur révolution. Il y a quelques jours, au centre du Caire, quelques dizaines de manifestants scandaient « Avez-vous entendu la dernière blague égyptienne? Les Frères musulmans disent qu’ils sont des révolutionnaires! »

 

Sophie Anmuth/Slate Afrique

 

Plus : http://blog.slateafrique.com/nouvelles-du-caire/2013/01/23/egypte-le-gouvernement-tente-de-desamorcer-les-manifestations-du-25/

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