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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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'Egypt will not prosecute cleric'

'Egypt will not prosecute cleric' | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's ruling party, the Muslim Brotherhood, will not prosecute a cleric for issuing fatwas against liberal politicians in the country, one of its leaders has confirmed.

Some had feared Egypt could follow Tunisia, where a prominent secular politician was assassinated last week.

Speaking to the BBC's Aleem Maqbool, the vice president of the party's political wing, Essam El Erian, also responded to calls from opposition protestors for the president to step down, after accusations he betrayed the country following the revolution. (vidéo)

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Egypte : le silence assourdissant de la communauté des bien-pensants

Egypte : le silence assourdissant de la communauté des bien-pensants | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Assad est un vendu, un horrible criminel, etc ». On connaît la rengaine. On disait la même chose de Moubarak, hier. Mais quel silence quand le leader égyptien des Frères musulmans, le président Morsi, fait matraquer la foule qui ne veut pas des solutions de la confrérie soutenue par les réseaux officieux de l’Occident. Plus de soixante morts dans les dernières manifestations au Caire. Circulez, il n’y a rien à dire !

Comme nous l’avons rappelé dans la lettre LIESI pour expliquer le changement de paradigme qui se prépare au Moyen Orient : lors de son célèbre discours au Caire, sous Moubarak, le président Obama avait exigé la présence des Frères musulmans… Connaissait-il l’avenir ?

Le 27 janvier 2013, dans son discours, à aucun moment le président Morsi n’a mis la police en cause dans les affrontements qui ont causé la mort de quarante-six personnes.

 

Commentaire de Florian Kohstall, politologue et directeur de l’antenne de l’Université libre de Berlin au Caire : « Mohamed Morsi est dans la continuité de Moubarak, qui n’a jamais réussi à imposer son autorité. Dans les médias, il y a une forte résistance contre lui. Il a multiplié les procès contre les journalistes pour insulte, ce que même Moubarak n’avait pas fait. »

Les prochaines élections législatives égyptiennes auront lieu au printemps… Difficile pour un dictateur de changer de masque dans un délai si court. Mais peu importe : il a pour le moment les bonnes grâces de l’Empire et de ses Etats caniches.

 

Plus: http://liesidotorg.wordpress.com/2013/02/10/egypte-le-silence-assourdissant-de-la-communaute-des-bien-pensant/

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No difference between Mubarak, Armed Forces or Muslim Brotherhood - Revolutionary forces

No difference between Mubarak, Armed Forces or Muslim Brotherhood - Revolutionary forces | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

A number of political forces and movements have called on Egyptians to rally on Monday, which marks February 11, the anniversary of toppling the former president Hosni Mubarak.

The revolutionary forces said in a statement issued on Sunday that oppression, poverty and attempts to thwart the revolution are uninterrupted.

"There is no difference between the rule of Mubarak, the Armed Forces or the Muslim Brotherhood," stressed the statement.

The statement observed that "all those who assumed power after Mubarak, whether the Armed Forces or the Muslim Brotherhood, they support Mubarak's policies. They are supported by the same business owners ... The Armed Forces did not dispense them because they are a part of them and the Brotherhood did not let go of them because they have common interests."

The political forces called on the masses to renew their demands of overthrowing the regime. (Aswat Masriya)

 

More : http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=65da6de7-5010-4993-acb2-862c2cc25be8

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Le « capitalisme extrême » des frères musulmans

Le « capitalisme extrême » des frères musulmans | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Aux affaires en Egypte, les Frères musulmans ne peuvent plus se contenter du slogan « L’islam est la solution ». Car leur politique libérale risque de susciter de fortes oppositions.

MONSIEUR Khairat Al-Shater est le numéro deux des Frères musulmans, et le représentant de son aile la plus conservatrice. Quant au richissime Hassan Malek, après avoir débuté dans les affaires en partenariat avec M. Al-Shater, il dirige aujourd’hui avec son fils un réseau d’entreprises dans le textile, l’ameublement et le commerce employant plus de quatre cents personnes. Ces deux hommes incarnent bien le credo économique des Frères musulmans en faveur de la libre entreprise, qui se conforme davantage à la doctrine néolibérale que la forme de capitalisme développée sous la présidence de M. Hosni Moubarak.

Le portrait de M. Malek dressé par Bloomberg Businessweek aurait pu s’intituler « L’éthique frériste et l’esprit du capitalisme », tant il semble paraphraser l’ouvrage classique du sociologue Max Weber. Les Malek, explique le magazine, « font partie d’une génération de conservateurs religieux ascendante dans le monde musulman, dont la dévotion stimule la détermination à réussir dans les affaires et la politique. Comme le dit Malek : “Je n’ai rien d’autre dans ma vie que le travail et la famille.” Ces islamistes posent un formidable défi à la gouvernance laïque dans des pays comme l’Egypte, non seulement à cause de leur conservatisme, mais aussi en raison de leur éthique de travail, de leur détermination et de leur abstention apparente du péché de paresse. (…) “Le fonds de la vision économique de la confrérie, s’il fallait la définir d’une façon classique, est un capitalisme extrême”, dit Sameh Elbarqy, ancien membre de la confrérie (1) ».

Ce « capitalisme extrême » se manifeste dans le choix des experts en économie participant à l’assemblée chargée de rédiger le projet de Constitution égyptienne, largement dominée par les Frères musulmans et les salafistes, et boycottée par l’opposition libérale et de gauche. « M. Tareq Al- Dessouki est un homme d’affaires, député du parti Nour [salafiste]. Il dirige la commission économique du nouveau Parlement et a pour mission de résoudre les conflits éventuels avec les investisseurs saoudiens en Egypte.

 

Plus: http://badiltawri.wordpress.com/2013/02/07/le-capitalisme-extreme-des-freres-musulmans/

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Muslim Brotherhood's El-Erian sends 'message of respect' to Egypt's women

Muslim Brotherhood's El-Erian sends 'message of respect' to Egypt's women | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

As increasing reports of sexual harassment and violence targeting female protesters have been creating uproar amongst Egyptians, leading Muslim Brotherhood member and Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) Vice President Essam El-Erian sent a message of appreciation to Egypt's women Al Ahramonline reported.

In a post made early Thursday on his Facebook page, El-Erian stated that in every man's life there are people who have made a huge difference and impacted him greatly

 

"Those who have most left an imprint on me are Sara (my mother), Fatema (my wife), Sara, Samia and Asmaa (my daughters)," El-Erian said.

 

El-Erian mentioned his mother's efforts as a widow, raising him and his three siblings into faithful, loving and responsible men.

 

"My wife has stayed patient with me over many years, as witness to my frequent arrests and detentions, and like my mother has never complained," the Brotherhood heavyweight asserted.

 

El-Erian also acknowledged his daughters, "Who are like flowers in the middle of a hectic life filled with work and sacrifices."

 

El-Erian, concluding his message, stated: "Here is an example of Egyptian women working and striving both within and outside the home for the good of a better nation for all of us, free from injustice, corruption, tyranny and harassment."

 

More on: http://en.trend.az/regions/met/arabicr/2116928.html

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Égypte • Les Frères musulmans incapables d'arrêter le chaos

Égypte • Les Frères musulmans incapables d'arrêter le chaos | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les récents affrontements entre les manifestants et la police ont fait 46 morts et plusieurs centaines de blessés. Il y a deux ans, à la même époque, 7 manifestants avaient été tués. Par ailleurs, la nouvelle dynamique de la contestation égyptienne est illustrée par le battage médiatique autour de l’apparition de deux groupes : Black Bloc et Public Army, qui appellent ouvertement à la violence face aux échecs répétés des tentatives visant à atteindre des objectifs révolutionnaires.

Ces deux groupes proclament que les Frères musulmans ne satisferont aux revendications de l’opposition que si elles s’accompagnent de manifestations violentes de la population. Ils demandent également que soient rejugés tous ceux qui ont été accusés d’avoir tué des manifestants et ont été acquittés. (Reem Leila/Courrier international)

 

Plus : http://www.courrierinternational.com/article/2013/02/07/les-freres-musulmans-incapables-d-arreter-le-chaos

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Garvan Walshe: Make aid to Egypt conditional on credible observers for this month’s elections

(...) “Turkish model.” It is, rather like the “Turkish vice,” If in Victorian times it was thought that the Ottoman court had an unusually permissive attitude to homosexuality, in modern Turkey there are supposed to exist impeccably democratic and moderate Islamists, who marry strict religious dogma with fidelity to parliamentary institutions and the rule of law.

In the early stages of Egypt’s revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood let it be known that it understood the need for moderation. That while it had been allowed more space by the Mubarak regime than competing political forces, it realised it did not really represent as broad a swathe of Egyptian society as its electoral strength would suggest.  It wouldn’t contest more than a quarter of the seats. But then a quarter became a third, a third a “majority,” and eventually the majority expanded to include every seat for which it could muster a candidate.

And since then Mohammed Morsi, the Brotherhood’s backup president (the movement’s first choice having been excluded on a technicality) has seized every opportunity to increase his, and his movement’s, power. There was the terrorist attack in the Sinai, after which he dismissed top generals. The constitutional convention, originally planned to be broadly representative of Egypt, rammed through Islamist doctrine, its work accelerated by a (metaphorical) guillotine. We shouldn’t forget, as well, that Morsi only won very narrowly against Ahmed Shafik, an unpopular apparatchik of the old regime, in a run-off generated from a field winnowed by a farcical catalogue of abstruse disqualifications. (...)

Morsi understands very well that political power goes to the man that controls the processes of its exercise, but he appears to have forgotten that however disciplined and hierarchical the Muslim Brotherhood itself may be, Egypt is considerably more difficult to control. Each of his previous power grabs worked because the opposition was divided or demoralised. Thinking his international cover secure, having taken credit for Hamas’s ceasefire last December, he executed what in Latin America is called an autogolpe, or self-coup, by means of a decree eliminating all constitutional checks on his power.  After intense protests this time he backed down. (...)

Egypt-actus's insight:

A consolidated Brotherhood regime would remind us far more of the bureaucratic centralism of a Soviet Party-state (what emerges should Morsi’s grip slip and the Army attempt to reimpose military rule is another matter entirely).(...)

But unlike the Soviet Union, Egypt needs the outside world. It needs investment and continued aid from the US and European Union. Morsi himself still craves international status. Egypt’s institutions, weak though they are, still retain some structure and independence. The next crunch point will be the parliamentary elections in three weeks. Aid, and respectability, should come with conditions, and in particular a credible international observer mission to prevent electoral fraud. It’s too late for the opposition to win, but not too late to create conditions where they can fight another day.

 

 

More on:http://conservativehome.blogs.com/thecolumnists/2013/02/garvan-walshe-make-aid-to-egypt-conditional-on-credible-observers-for-this-months-elections-.html

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Brotherhood figure says NSF has foreign agenda to destroy Egypt

Brotherhood figure says NSF has  foreign agenda to destroy Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The National Salvation Front (NSF), formed in the aftermath of President Mohamed Morsy’s constitutional declaration in November, has a foreign agenda that targets burning Egypt and its institutions through protests that demand downfall of the president, said Mohsen Rady, member of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP)’s supreme body and party secretary in Qalyubiya.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Those killed during incidents at the presidential Ettehadiya Palace are not martyrs, but saboteurs, Rady told Al-Masry Al-Youm in an interview posted on its website on Monday.

Calls by the NSF demanding the downfall of Morsy’s rule are part of a “foreign agenda that targets destroying the country and spreading chaos,” he said.

“The end of an elected president’s rule after no longer than six months is catastrophic. It means assaulting the popular will and disrespecting peaceful power transition,” Rady added.

“We [the Muslim Brotherhood and FJP] are working on our agenda to achieve development and construction. We don’t pay attention to calls for sabotage. We have always sought consensus with opposition forces through national dialogue, which they always reject. This shows their intentions to continue with seeking to usurp power,” Rady said.

Regarding the conditions of NSF leading figure Mohamed ElBaradei that ministers of defense and interior should take part in the national dialogue, Rady said he seeks re-involving the Armed Forces in policy, but that this was rejected by many revolutionaries.

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/brotherhood-figure-says-nsf-has-foreign-agenda-destroy-egypt

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Egypt on the Edge

Egypt on the Edge | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Amid the blaze of graffiti in and around Cairo’s Tahrir Square — from hastily scribbled political slogans to elaborate portraits of the many martyrs of Egypt’s unfinished revolution — is an arresting image that encapsulates some of the rage engulfing the country right now. It shows the easily recognizable face of Mohamed Morsi, the embattled president and former Muslim Brotherhood official, pictured with the domed headress of Egypt’s Pharaohs.

No words are necessary; the message is unmistakable. There was a time in Egypt’s storied history when the Pharaohs were all-powerful, beloved and feared, ruling a vast and wealthy empire. Now, such unbridled authoritarianism is deeply hated, and as of this writing, Egypt hovers on the edge of a crisis that could undo the glorious gains of its 2011 revolution.

The inspiring images of young men and women occupying Tahrir Square two years ago, bravely resisting the thuggery of dictator Hosni Mubarak’s regime, have been replaced by angry rock throwers fed up with the slowness of reform and the absence of real change in their lives. The economy is in a freefall, with the Egyptian pound rapidly losing value and the Mubarak regime’s decades of disinvestment evident in crumbling buildings, unpaved roads and children who beg with abandon. Tourism is at 17% of what it was in 2010. Unemployment among educated young adults is endemic.

All this would argue against further American diplomatic and economic engagement. Why get involved in such an unpredictable environment? Why help out an Islamist government whose leader is known for ugly, anti-Israel statements, persistent human rights violations, and who resorts to blaming outside collaborators for fomenting street violence he himself cannot control?

 

That’s the sentiment among congressional Republicans, who have successfully held up $450 million in American aid to Egypt since Morsi’s election last year. But simply pulling back from Egypt would be a serious mistake, risking American influence in the region and inviting other, less friendly countries to write large checks and dictate the behavior of what, despite its current troubles, is still the most important player in the Arab Middle East.

Americans don’t need to rail against the ruling Muslim Brotherhood — Egyptians are already doing that, sometimes more violently than they should. The Morsi government has lost the faith of the largely liberal but fractured opposition and the more fundamentalist Salafists, who scored surprisingly well in the last election and who would pose a much more serious threat to our interests than would the generally middle class, market-oriented Brotherhood. The religious fervor in Morsi’s party may be less of a worry than its members’ inexperience — or even incompetence — in governing, as evidenced by the aggressive push to ratify a flawed constitution and the routine use of emergency decrees. Morsi isn’t likened to Pharaoh for nothing.


 

Egypt-actus's insight:

America can’t turn away. Nor can it send unconditional aid into such a risky, potentially explosive situation. Some sort of middle ground is needed. One possible blueprint comes from a bipartisan task force convened by the Washington Institute, which argued for continued American aid with conditions to strengthen the Morsi government’s commitment to growing Egypt’s democracy, and combating terrorism in the Sinai. “While Washington cannot convince or compel the Islamists governing Egypt to give up their deeply held ideology, the United States can use its leverage to affect Egyptian behavior,” the task force wrote in the report released this past November.

Following such a path requires skillful and delicate diplomacy, for exacting too heavy a price risks alienating the Egyptian government and allowing others to fill the vacuum. A failed Egyptian state would be a disaster for Israel, Jordan and the entire region. Surely the spirit of Tahrir Square can be kept alive with the right kind of American help

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Mursi cannot afford to ignore Egypt’s new majority

Mursi cannot afford to ignore Egypt’s new majority | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

This generation has a different political culture from the one embraced by the ruling 5 per cent — the old men leading government and opposition.

At face value, the current turmoil in Egypt appears to be a reaction to a power-grab in a fragmented society. At a deeper level, however, it illustrates the dangers of ignoring the fundamental changes that have transformed Egyptian society in recent decades.

 

These are the changes that enabled the “revolution” that swept Hosni Mubarak from office two years ago, opening the way for the Muslim Brotherhood to take power. Yet, they will also foil any attempt by Egypt’s new rulers to replicate the authoritarianism of the past regime.

 

Until now, transition was a game between three political forces: The Islamists, led by the Brotherhood; the liberals and nationalists; and those who ran the old regime — from the security establishment to those in business and parliament.

 

For two years, the well-organised Brotherhood mobilised, manipulated and built alliances with the loose and disorganised liberal camp to bring down the leaders of the old regime. The election last August of President Mohammad Mursi and the removal of the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) was the culmination of that process.

 

Now the game has changed. Once in power, the Brotherhood embraced a self-serving interpretation of democracy. Any previous promises of partnership and power-sharing subsided as the Brotherhood moved to take control of state institutions.

Such heavy-handedness confirmed the worst fears of the liberals that the Brotherhood’s support for democratic transition was only a means towards the end of Islamist authoritarianism. To many liberals, the stand-off with the Brotherhood has become a fight for their survival and of democracy itself.

 

The reality is more complicated as, at a deeper level, another dynamic is taking place. Three-quarters of Egyptians are under 50; more than half are under 30. Once excluded from politics, this majority is now central to it. The Tahrir Square protests are largely of their making.

 

It is this majority that has created the momentum in the political process, giving life to new parties, participating in elections and giving voice to an active public opinion. The younger generation is not organised in a single group. It is to be found inside all camps, from the liberal opposition, state institutions, the public at large — and even among Islamists.

 

What can be said is that this majority has a different political culture from the one embraced by the ruling 5 per cent — the old men leading the government and the opposition. It is a more pragmatic generation that disdains the sterile rhetoric and grand narratives beloved of past leaders.

 

Its members see themselves as active citizens, not the subjects of some benevolent ruler. While they may share the familiar grudges towards foreign powers for past injustices, they want a prosperous and well-run Egypt that plays an active part in the world. Above all, these are the people that question authority and are prepared to do so openly.

 

 

Egypt-actus's insight:

The inability of the old regime to deal with the expectations of this majority deprived it of the political support necessary for its survival. The inability of the “new” regime to do so is no less disappointing.

 

The result is a messy one. Some members of this new majority express their frustration through the political process, but end up fighting their own leaders as much as rival forces.

 

Some leave politics, waiting for something to happen. Others opt for more protest, attacking the police, blocking roads and setting government buildings ablaze. All this leads to a further weakening of the political process that increases frustration and anger — and thus the likelihood of more instability.

The Brotherhood may be able to get away with ignoring the liberal parties, but they are dangerously wrong to underestimate the demands for change by the younger majority.

 

The events of the past week give us a glimpse of how fast the situation can deteriorate — and how bad it can get. If the Brotherhood cannot be persuaded to change course, Egypt will travel — probably at an accelerating rate — along the road of prolonged instability. 

 

Ezzedine Choukri Fishere is an Egyptian novelist and professor of politics at the American University in Cairo.

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ÉGYPTE • Les Frères tentent d'islamiser l'armée

ÉGYPTE • Les Frères tentent d'islamiser l'armée | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Devant la grogne populaire contre le régime islamiste, les Frères musulmans veulent que l'armée réprime l'opposition, comme du temps de l'ancien régime. Une tâche que la Grande Muette ne semble pas prête à assumer.
Egypt-actus's insight:

Après avoir décrété [le 27 janvier] l'état d'urgence dans trois provinces [Port-Saïd, Ismaïlia et Suez] situées sur le canal de Suez, le gouvernement égyptien des Frères musulmans voudrait en effet que l'armée sorte à nouveau de ses casernes pour assurer le maintien de l'ordre. Or l'armée ne se laissera pas entraîner à affronter les citoyens.

Le général Abdelfattah Al-Sissi [chef des forces armées et ministre de la Défense] ne semble pas prêt à jouer ce rôle. Il  se rappelle le prix que l'armée a eu à payer pendant la période de transition d'un an et demi [2011-2012] quand elle avait dirigé le pays et avait été amenée à se battre contre les forces politiques et les manifestants. La question est de savoir si l'armée se mettra au service du président Mohamed Morsi et des Frères musulmans, qui ont  dilapidé leur légitimité morale, ou si au contraire l'armée défendra la révolution et la souveraineté du peuple.

Les Frères ont donné à l'armée le droit d'arrêter des civils et lui demandent d'appliquer le couvre-feu. Et ce alors qu'ils n'ont cessé de dire que ce sont eux qui ont écarté l'armée du pouvoir. Ils ne veulent pas que l'armée soit au service du pays mais veulent en faire leur propre bras armé afin de frapper ceux qui s'opposent à leur politique et les révolutionnaires en colère.

 

Plus : http://www.courrierinternational.com/article/2013/01/31/les-freres-tentent-d-islamiser-l-armee

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(Egypte): Décalages vertigineux

(Egypte): Décalages vertigineux | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Au mois de décembre dernier, Issam al Haddad, le conseiller à la sécurité nationale du président égyptien Mohammed Morsi, était à Washington. Avec quelques uns de ses collaborateurs, il faisait le tour des milieux influents de la capitale américaine dans l'espoir de les convaincre de soutenir les nouvelles autorités islamistes en Egypte.(...)

Avant de quitter Washington, Issam al Haddad a eu une rencontre avec la presse américaine au cours de laquelle il a fait aux journalistes un petit résumé des résultats de ses entretiens avec des responsables de l'administration Obama en ces termes : «Les deux parties (américaine et égyptienne) estiment que le modèle démocratique que l'Egypte est en train de construire créera un changement dans toute la région et apportera la paix, la stabilité et la prospérité dans la région.»(...)

 

Cette rhétorique a été tenue à Washington par le haut responsable égyptien il y a moins de huit semaines. La situation n'était pas aussi grave qu'elle ne l'est aujourd'hui certes, mais il n'y avait réellement aucun élément positif concret en Egypte pour justifier l'optimisme béat du conseiller de Morsi et de ses interlocuteurs américains.

Depuis, chaque jour qui se lève en Egypte apporte son démenti à la rhétorique des Frères musulmans égyptiens qui, au lieu de la paix, ont apporté la guerre, au lieu de la stabilité, c'est à une déstabilisation systématique du pays qu'on assiste; quant à la prospérité, l'économie égyptienne n'a jamais connu une crise aussi étouffante que celle qu'elle vit aujourd'hui sous le règne des Frères musulmans.

La question qui taraude les esprits est pourquoi au lieu de fêter le deuxième anniversaire du renversement de la dictature de Moubarak, les Egyptiens ont choisi d'engager ce qui ressemble à une insurrection contre le nouveau pouvoir qui leur a promis paix, stabilité et prospérité ?

Le problème des Frères musulmans est que, depuis la création de leur confrérie il y a plus de 80 ans, le pouvoir vers lequel ils lorgnaient depuis, n'est pas un instrument à mettre au service du développement économique et du progrès social, mais un moyen qui leur permet d' «islamiser» une société très peu islamique à leur goût.

 

C'est cette obsession du «pouvoir au service de l'Islam» qui est à l'origine de ce décalage béant entre le peuple égyptien et les Frères musulmans. Alors que celui-là attendait impatiemment le redémarrage de l'économie, la création d'emplois et la rupture avec la dictature, ceux-ci n'ont rien d'autre à lui offrir qu'une version wahhabite de la Charia et une Constitution faite sur mesure permettant aux Frères non seulement de prendre le contrôle de tous les rouages de l'Etat, mais de s'y installer pour de bon et une fois pour toutes.


Quant à la démocratie, elle est bonne en tant que moyen d'accéder au pouvoir et, une fois sa mission accomplie, elle devient impie. Car dans l'intime conviction des Frères musulmans, comme chacun sait, ce n'est pas le peuple qui est à l'origine de la légitimité, mais Dieu. Et comme ils se prennent pour les vrais représentants de Dieu sur terre, quiconque s'oppose à leur pouvoir, est forcément l'ennemi de Dieu.

Egypt-actus's insight:

C'est ce décalage vertigineux entre les préoccupations économiques et sociales du peuple égyptien et les préoccupations fondamentalement religieuses des Frères musulmans qui expliquent l'état d'anarchie et de chaos qui prévaut aujourd'hui en Egypte. La situation est tellement grave que la hiérarchie militaire est sortie de son mutisme pour mettre en garde contre le risque d'effondrement des structures étatiques et contre le danger qui guette les générations futures. La situation est tellement grave que nombre d'Egyptiens appellent de leurs voeux une prise du pouvoir par les militaires. La situation est tellement grave que la ville de Port-Said a décrété son «indépendance», arborant devant les caméras de télévision son «drapeau national», vert-blanc-noir...

Quelle solution permettrait aujourd'hui à l'Egypte de sortir de cette crise sans précédent dans laquelle l'ont enfoncée les Frères musulmans ? Un coup d'Etat militaire, même s'il est désiré par une partie du peuple égyptien, est une perspective inquiétante dans la mesure où, après deux années perdues économiquement et socialement, il pourrait remettre le pays à la case départ, c'est-à-dire celle d'avant le 25 janvier 2011. Car n'oublions pas que les trois présidents qui ont gouverné l'Egypte de 1952 à 2011 (Nasser, Sadate et Moubarak) sont des militaires, même s'ils se sont entourés de civils. (...)

Les mêmes causes produisant les mêmes effets, on ne peut s'empêcher de relever certaines similitudes entre la Tunisie et l'Egypte. On ne peut pas s'empêcher de relever que ce qui se passe au Kef, à Kasserine ou dans le bassin minier rappelle peu ou prou ce qui se passe à Suez, Ismaïlia ou à Port-Saïd. Dans le drame égyptien, nos «Frères» à nous ont sans doute plein de leçons à méditer. Dans notre drame à nous, il y a plein de leçons à méditer aussi. Par exemple cette petite leçon liée à l'actualité : la Tunisie a besoin plus d'investisseurs et de spécialistes des technologies avancées que de «docteurs» wahhabites, spécialistes dans le voile des fillettes de quatre ans

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Egypt's protests reveal deficit of trust in Muslim Brotherhood

Egypt's protests reveal deficit of trust in Muslim Brotherhood | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Open defiance of Egypt's president in street protests shows how much the Muslim Brotherhood needs to leave Islam outside the door of democracy.
Egypt-actus's insight:

As it has slowly risen to power in the past two years, the Muslim Brotherhood has broken many promises about the role it would play in representative government. Its flip-flops and power grabs in forming a new regime have only added to a worry among democracy advocates that Mr. Morsi would define his authority from Islam, or sharia law, rather than from constitutional rights and secular pluralism.

Even within the Brotherhood, a decades-long debate on reconciling Islam as a revealed religion with liberal democracy has yet to be settled, resulting in splits and high-level defections. A younger generation in the group wants to rely on persuasion to gain support while an old guard sticks to al-sama’ wa’l-ta’a, or “hearing and obeying.”

Now an Islamic movement founded by an Egyptian schoolteacher in 1928 faces the kind of protests that brought down a secular dictator. Protesters even chant the same word used in 2011: “Leave.”

Many Egyptians, or at least those in major cities, appear to be worried that their country might follow the path of Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution, in which Islamic leaders cite holy writ for secular authority more than they do public polls or election results.

The current protests show Egyptians trust democracy itself but they want more checks and balances on the power of elected leaders. Distrust is built into any democracy as a way to prevent the abuse of power by a few even if the system itself requires public trust. (The Christian Science Monitor)

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Les partis islamistes éprouvés par le pouvoir

Les partis islamistes éprouvés par le pouvoir | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Poussés par un appareil militant revanchard, les islamistes, une fois au pouvoir, se sont hâtés de chercher à mettre au pas la police, la justice et l'administration locale ou de les gagner à sa cause.

 

Désireux de rassurer, les islamistes ont promis de former des gouvernements de coalition. Ce fut le cas avec des partis dits laïques en Tunisie et en Egypte, les Frères musulmans continuent de chercher à élargir leur assise. Mais dans les faits, les islamistes n'ont pas su partager le pouvoir. Ils l'ont, au contraire, épuré. La peur d'un retour de l'ancien système a été la plus forte. Poussés par un appareil militant revanchard, les islamistes, une fois au pouvoir, se sont hâtés dechercher à mettre au pas la police, la justice et l'administration locale ou de lesgagner à sa cause. Ainsi en Egypte, le président Mohamed Morsi a fait remplacerle procureur général, vu comme un tenant de l'ancien régime. Plus inquiétante est l'apparition de milices auxiliaires du pouvoir. (Christophe Ayad/Le Monde)

 

Plus : http://www.lemonde.fr/tunisie/article/2013/02/09/les-partis-islamistes-eprouves-par-le-pouvoir_1829534_1466522.html?xtmc=egypte&xtcr=3

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Francoise Autier's comment, February 11, 2013 1:11 AM
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Egypt's unfinished revolution

Egypt's unfinished revolution | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Mohsen al-Domiati, a cap pulled low over his forehead, stands dejectedly near a mosque in the Egyptian city of Port Said, which recently has been a source of seething protests against the rule of President Mohamed Morsi. He stares off into space vacantly. His eyes are red.

Just hours earlier, Mr. Domiati attended the funeral of his brother, Mohamed, who was killed the day before by police cracking down on the protesters. According to Domiati, his brother was an innocent victim: Mohamed, a waiter at a local restaurant who has an 18-month-old daughter, was heading out to get groceries just after sunset. Amid the chaos in the streets, police started shooting. A guy next to Mohamed fell down. He tried to save him. Moments later, he was shot in the head.

Now Domiati, who says his brother died in the simple quest to get some yogurt, has become a committed opponent of the president. Already dubious of the heavy-handed rule of Mr. Morsi, he vows to defy the new regime any way he can.

"As long as there is no justice, we are not going to stop protesting," he says. "This is going to end only when they give us [our] rights. We are eventually going to die, but we are not going alone. We're going to take lots of them with us."

Domiati's words are a harsh reminder to Morsi of one of the truisms of history, particularly in the modern Middle East: Taking power is one thing. Governing is something far different.

 

More on: http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2013/0210/Egypt-s-unfinished-revolution?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+feeds%2Fworld+%28Christian+Science+Monitor+%7C+World%29

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FJP to launch new political front

FJP to launch new political front | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party said it will launch new political front called “The Conscious Front to Protect the Revolution."

The front, which will include Constituent Assembly members and other prominent political figures, was formed by the Brotherhood in order to counter the National Salvation Front, a coalition of opposition parties.

In a statement, the FJP said that some of the main participants in the new front included former presidential candidate Mohamed Selim al-Awa, Brotherhood figures Mohamed al-Beltagy and Helmy al-Gazzar, Cairo University political science professor Moataz Bellah Abdel Fattah, presidential adviser Seif Abdel Fattah, lawyer Essam Sultan, former Minister of State for Legal Affairs and Parliamentary Councils Mohamed Mahsoub, publisher Ibrahim al-Moallem, legal experts Tharwat Badawy and Ahmed Kamal Abul Maged, Ambassador Ibrahim Yossry and former Judges Club head Zakareyya Abdel Aziz, The Judges for Egypt movement Spokesperson Walid Sharaby. (Egypt independent)

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/fjp-launch-new-political-front

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The ‘naked truth’ about Egypt’s Brotherhood

The ‘naked truth’ about Egypt’s Brotherhood | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Until this week, many observers may have still wondered what kind of rulers the Muslim Brotherhood are in Egypt. Since assuming office last June, questions were being raised around the dubious power-consolidation strategy carried out by President Mohammed Mursi, the democratically elected Brotherhood candidate who came into power on the back of the demise of the Mubarak regime in 2011.

However, there was very little room left for uncertainty recently, when a highly disturbing video of Egyptian police brutality went viral. The footage shows police officers stripping middle-aged protester Hamada Saber naked, and beating him senseless in front of the presidential palace; this was said to have taken place last Friday. (Al-Arabiya news)


More : http://english.alarabiya.net/views/2013/02/08/265146.html?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=t.co

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Egypt's government nearing end of the road, says ex-PM

Egypt's government nearing end of the road, says ex-PM | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

To his critics, Ahmed Shafikis a typical autocrat consigned to history's dustbin by the Arab Spring - a military man turned politician who ended his career amid corruption allegations and fled to the Gulf.

To his friends - and he has powerful ones in the oil-rich Arabian peninsula - the former air force pilot and prime minister is an authentic voice of opposition to the civilian politician who beat him narrowly in a presidential run-off vote.

Whatever the truth, Shafik is confident that with Egypt in turmoil seven months into its experiment with Islamist rule, its often-reviled political old guard will eventually be seen by Egyptians, and by Washington, in a more kindly light.

Whatever the truth, Shafik is confident that with Egypt in turmoil seven months into its experiment with Islamist rule, its often-reviled political old guard will eventually be seen by Egyptians, and by Washington, in a more kindly light.

"Egyptians reject the current regime," said the silver-haired 71-year-old, the last prime minister of Hosni Mubarak, the president who was ousted in 2011 after three decades in power.

"They do not reject the regime from nothing, they reject it as a result of the actions that have taken place over the last seven months ... It has not been a success."

 

More on: http://news.yahoo.com/egypts-government-nearing-end-road-says-ex-pm-130242682.html

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Middle East: Iran-Egypt relations secure regional interests - Ahmadinejad

Middle East: Iran-Egypt relations secure regional interests - Ahmadinejad | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Expansion of relations between Tehran and Cairo is beneficial to countries, as well as Muslim world and regional states, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said on Wednesday.

He made the remarks in an interview with the Egyptian Al-Nil TV International.

“Iranian and Egyptian nations’ ties are historical and cultural; the two countries have good potentials for development of relations in all fields including the fields of science, industry and technology; Egyptian revolution changed the regional equations for the interest of all regional states; Iran supposes Cairo’s power, progress and dignity as its own.”

The Iranian president, who is in Egypt for an official visit, underlined the significance of close ties and cooperation between the two major Muslim countries.

More on: http://www.ionglobaltrends.com/2013/02/middle-east-iran-egypt-relations-secure.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FzqKG+%28i+On+Global+Trends%29

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Freedom and Justice Party Offers New Projects to Serve Egyptian Citizens

Freedom and Justice Party Offers New Projects to Serve Egyptian Citizens | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s Freedom and Justice Party announces new projects, campaigns and initiatives in a special forum and workshop that discussed ways to double patriotic efforts to build, educate, support and innovate throughout the country.

Egypt-actus's insight:

The Freedom and Justice Party held Tuesday, at its main headquarters in Cairo, an expanded workshop organized by the 'Together We Build Egypt' campaign to discuss and put forward a number of serious initiatives and new ideas within the framework of projects targeted by the campaign, to double its activities in coming months, and achieve greater results on the ground.


A number of businessmen participated in the workshop, in addition to a number of professional associations, unions and 25 civil associations (NGO’s).


Participants in the workshop proposed a number of new projects, made several suggestions to expand the circle of participation, and discussed the campaign’s core projects.


Those projects include: organizing educational seminars and workers’ conferences to encourage them to work and increase production, focusing – in the coming months – on reasserting and re-establishing ethical and moral values, communicating with official bodies to solve problems facing the campaign, as well as fostering a culture of voluntary work in the community as a whole, rehabilitation of the disabled – providing them (especially children) with prosthetic devices, development of special crafts famous in each province, providing transformative training for graduates with professional diplomas, organizing awareness campaigns to fight all kinds of infection and to reduce complications of chronic diseases. (Ikhwan web)


More : http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=30633

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Egypt needs a new government

Egypt needs a new government | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Muslim Brotherhood has run into a major obstacle in its rush to take over all reins of power in Egypt. Scant weeks after it won a referendum on a new constitution containing very broad presidential powers and promising to advance a Muslim legal system known as Sharia, Egyptians have taken to the streets to protest the apparent re-birth of authoritarian government in a democratic disguise.

The demonstrations have resulted in a growing number of deaths from confrontations with government forces.

What is striking about the new outbreaks in a number of Egyptian cities is that they appear to reflect dissatisfaction from more than just those who would prefer a secular, non-religious form of government.

Last Wednesday, representatives of Al Nour, a highly conservative religious party, agreed to call for a coalition unity government in a meeting with representatives of the National Salvation Front.

The NSF is comprised of liberal groups led by Mohammed ElBarradei, the former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which won a Nobel Peace Prize under his leadership.

The joining of hands across a cultural divide comes as a surprise, perhaps especially to the Muslim Brotherhood and its public face, President Mohammed Morsi.

The Brotherhood has counted on the so-called Salafist conservative parties to help it maintain control of parliament and cement public support for Morsi’s heavy-handed approach to governing by decree.

Egypt-actus's insight:

Adding to President Morsi’s woes, his hand-picked minister of defense, Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, has warned — on Facebook, yet — that the government’s failure to talk with disaffected groups has fanned disturbances that threaten “the collapse of the state.”

He doesn’t offer any ideas to repair the breach, but his comments suggest that the Egyptian military, supposedly bought off in the new constitution by winning exemption from parliamentary oversight, might nevertheless decide that President Morsi has lost legitimacy and must be removed by a coup.

A coup would bring about the worst of several difficult outcomes to the new Egyptian crisis.

It would be far better if Mr. Morsi and the Brotherhood stepped back from a possible abyss and paid attention to Mr. ElBarradei and his newfound Salafist allies in their call for a broadly representative government and a review of the new constitution.

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Mark Levin: "The Muslim Brotherhood Has Infiltrated Our Government, It's Called Barack Obama"

Mark Levin: "The Muslim Brotherhood Has Infiltrated Our Government, It's Called Barack Obama" | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

MARK LEVIN: What the hell's happening? Now we've backed the Muslim Brotherhood? And then of course, our dear friend Michele Bachmann and Louie Gohmert and three other brave members of the House of Representatives asked questions about the Muslim Brotherhood's infiltration of our own government and they're treated like pariahs. Well, the Muslim Brotherhood has infiltrated our government, it's called Barack Obama. No, he's not a formal member, he's a sympathizer. There, I said it. Prove otherwise.

Meanwhile, you want to look into Obama's soul? You want to look into his soul? Well, look at his soul. You want to know what I see, Mr. Producer? I see Chuck Hagel. What kind of commander-in-chief would nominate somebody like Chuck Hagel to be Secretary of Defense? I'll tell you what kind of commander-in-chief, the kind of commander-in-chief that arms the Muslim Brotherhood, Islamonazi regime in Cairo while he's hallowing out the greatest military force on the face of the earth under his direct command, the United States military. That's what kind of commander-in-chief [he is]. 

Chuck Hagel, whose a sympathizer with the most radical elements in the Middle East, and an Israel hater. So why would a president nominate somebody like Chuck Hagel? Because the president is Chuck Hagel. He's a sympathizer with the most radical elements in the Middle East and he's an Israel hater. That's why he nominated Hagel. So, Chuck Hagel making a fool of himself today, at his confirmation hearing. And he'll still be confirmed, I bet, because the Democrats are lockstep. Even the Jewish Democrat members of the U.S. Senate, they're lockstep. The Anti-Defamation League, they're lips are sealed. AIPAC, Hagel once called them the 'Jewish lobby.' They're lips are sealed, they're all a bunch of cowards. It's the righteous gentiles who are speaking up. 

You want to hear the truth? You'll hear the truth on this microphone. It's the righteous gentiles who are speaking up. It's the conservatives who are speaking up. And Chuck Hagel is not just a problem for Israel, he is a huge problem for the United States military. This man believes in unilateral disarmament. Whether it's convention weaponry, or nuclear weaponry. And he's on the record and there's not a damn thing he can say to reverse course. But then again, so is Obama. (Mark Levin Show, January 31, 2013)

Egypt-actus's insight:

Lien proposé par Françoise Autier.

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Hussein Ibrahim: Freedom and Justice Party Will Cooperate with All for Egypt Security, Stability

Hussein Ibrahim: Freedom and Justice Party Will Cooperate with All for Egypt Security, Stability | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Just before every major step Egypt takes on the path of democratic transformation, dark forces wage mindless, desperate wars against people and homeland, with bloody threats of violence and vandalism. Upcoming parliamentary elections are obviously no exception. Pure coincidence?

Egypt-actus's insight:

Hussein Ibrahim, Secretary General of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), reaffirmed that the FJP will cooperate with anyone who works for stability, security and dignity for Egypt and its people, regardless of affiliation or religion.


In a post on his Facebook page, Ibrahim said: "We really need to give priority to the interests of the country over intellectual and partisan agendas and narrow personal interests. Politicians and party leaders have to compete to offer programs to rebuild Egypt that can positively change the living conditions of citizens.


"Is it coincidence, though, that the repeated waves of spiraling violence and attempts to spread chaos and lawlessness precede each election event, where the ballot-box is the arbitrator?" (Ikhwan web)

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Brotherhood's party chief says all topics can be discussed

Brotherhood's party chief says all topics can be discussed | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

Chairman of the Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party, Saad al-Katatni, said at a meeting with political forces called by Azhar on Thursday that a new committee that groups all forces will be formed to draft a plan for dialogue. 

Katatni added in the press conference that all topics can be discussed, adding that the national dialogue must have bases and gurantees without conditions.

Egypt's Azhar (most prestigious Islamic institute) convened a meeting with representatives from all political forces on Thursday in an attempt to brainstorm means to come out of the current political crisis that has triggered violence.  

 

This content is from :Aswat Masriya  
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Soeurs musulmanes: Une intifada chez les Frères

Soeurs musulmanes: Une intifada chez les Frères | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Alors que les femmes ont réussi à jouer un rôle important au sein du Parti Liberté et justice, elles se retrouvent marginalisées au sein de la confrérie. Leur lutte pour plus de droits a commencé. Etat des lieux.
Egypt-actus's insight:

La féministe Nihad Aboul-Qomsane, activiste au Centre égyptien des droits de la femme, pense que l’accès d’une femme à la présidence du Parti Liberté et justice n’est que de la pure propagande de la part des Frères musulmans qui veulent se montrer ouverts d’esprit et prouver qu’ils ne font aucune discrimination envers la femme. L’idéologie de la confrérie et la mentalité qui y règne sont loin de cela. La preuve, selon Aboul-Qomsane : les jeunes de la confrérie ont revendiqué l’année dernière plus de participation de la femme dans la hiérarchie du parti réclamant qu’elle atteigne 25 %. « Cette demande a été rejetée par les leaders de la confrérie qui ont exigé de la femme qui désire occuper un poste-clé une approbation écrite du mari », assure Aboul-Qomsane. D’après elle, les ex-députées représentant le Parti Liberté et justice n’ont abordé aucun sujet concernant les droits de la femme lors de la dernière session parlementaire.

Malgré tout, l’agenda des soeurs musulmanes est différent de celui des activistes féministes laïques sur le terrain, car elles ne revendiquent pas les mêmes droits. « Il vaut mieux coopérer, travailler ensemble que de se rivaliser. Il est vrai que l’on refuse le concept de l’égalité entre les deux sexes, mais on est toutes pour la justice sociale », avance une autre soeur qui a requis l’anonymat. Un ton qui s’accorde avec celui qui circule actuellement au sein de la confrérie. Aujourd’hui, des tentatives visent à retracer le rôle des deux sexes et à donner plus d’importance au courant moderne qui tente de rajeunir l’image de la confrérie octogénaire. D’après Mahmoud Ghazlan, porte-parole des Frères, « l’accès aux postes de responsabilité au sein de la confrérie a des règles qui diffèrent de celles appliquées dans les autres partis politiques et les mouvements religieux. Le choix a lieu suivant un vote où tous les membres sont à la fois candidats et électeurs, mais personne ne présente sa candidature », confie Ghazlan, tout en ajoutant que la confrérie pourrait étudier plus tard la requête des soeurs musulmanes quant à occuper des postes-clés. Une proposition à discuter. « Evidemment, puisque aucun règlement n’interdit à la femme d’accéder au bureau de la guidance ni au bureau consultatif de la confrérie », conclut Sakari. Il reste aux hommes de la confrérie de déterminer le moment opportun.

 

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/News/1530.aspx

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