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L’opérateur historique du secteur des télécommunications en Egypte, Telecom Egypt a démenti le 9 mars 2014 vouloir céder dans terme très court, ses actions au sein de Vodafone Egypte, la filiale du groupe britannique Vodafone.
L’opérateur fait savoir qu’il décidera de ce qui doit être fait lorsqu’il aura obtenu la licence 4G pour laquelle il a postulé et dont l’attribution ne sera faite que dans les deux années à venir. Il a fait aussi comprendre que cette décision serait prise pour le meilleur intérêt de ses investisseurs, soit en rachetant complètement Vodafone Egypt, soit en quittant l’entreprise sur des bases qui seront approuvées par ses investisseurs.
L’entreprise a aussi indiqué qu’elle était toujours dans l’attente de la licence de mobile unifié, qui instaure le partage d’infrastructure entre opérateurs, lui permettant d’utiliser les installations des opérateurs de mobile et permettant à ces derniers d’utiliser son réseau de fixe.
Mais le projet est fortement contesté par les opérateurs de mobile, Vodafone en tête. Ce dernier a indiqué qu’il recourra à un arbitrage international si la loi venait à passer, car celle-ci serait en défaveur de ses intérêts et de ceux de ses investisseurs. Il est par exemple reproché au projet d’être « injuste et non équitable », dans la mesure où la portion d’infrastructures fixes à laquelle les opérateurs de mobile auraient accès, est constituée de câbles anciens faits de fils de cuivre et non de fibre optique.
Sur l’Egyptian Exchange qui est dans le rouge à -0,68%, le titre Telecom Egypt affichait dimanche 9 mars 2014, une progression de 2,74%.
À l'occasion de la publication en français de Sémaphores, l'un de ses carnets mêlant biographie, vie rêvée et fiction, l'écrivain égyptienGamal Ghitany revient sur l'évolution de la vie politique de son pays. Rencontre.
Fils spirituel du Nobel de littérature Naguib Mahfouz, premier éditeur de L'Immeuble Yacoubian, le best-seller mondial d'Alaa el-Aswany, Gamal Ghitany est un phare de la littérature et de la presse égyptiennes. Né en 1945 dans une famille modeste de Haute-Égypte, il a écrit sa première nouvelle à l'âge de 14 ans. Publiant nouvelles et romans, il est devenu reporter de guerre dans les années 1970, puis rédacteur en chef des pages culturelles du grand quotidien Akhbar al-Youm avant de prendre en 1993 la direction d'Akhbar al-Adab, l'une des plus importantes revues culturelles arabes. À partir de 1994, il entreprend la rédaction de "Carnets", recueils mêlant biographie, vie rêvée et fiction. Publié en français, le volume 2, Sémaphores, explore l'univers des trains d'Égypte et d'ailleurs. Une sortie qui a été l'occasion pour cet écrivain engagé (il a été emprisonné sous Nasser et interdit de publication sous Sadate) de venir à Paris défendre sa vision de la révolution égyptienne.
By Mariam Mohsen
There are a number of things that are nearly impossible to find in Egypt; like a teenage girl who does not suffer from “Bieber Fever” or a mother who does not suffer from the “El Sissi” syndrome. One thing I believe is harder to find than those two put together is a source of objective Egyptian broadcast media.
No matter which television channel I switch to, I am faced with an overly frustrated emotional presenter. Even those who manage to convey their message(s) in a calm manner are hard to tolerate because of their evident biases.
And that’s just the thing! Conveying messages. Since when is it okay for television presenters to include their opinion(s) whilst covering events? Why have viewers become accustomed to presenters who convey messages? I cannot think of one slightly objective television show – let alone an entire channel – that I can tune into knowing that I am being “fed” accurate information; which leads me to my second point.
Another crisis with Egyptian broadcast media is that it spoon feeds the audience information which is, unfortunately, usually inaccurate and serves a certain agenda; much like the famous “invisible hand.”
When the concept of the “invisible hand” was first conceived after the January 25 Revolution, people’s minds automatically shifted to Western countries, namely the USA. In my opinion, the only entity worthy of that title would be our media.
According to UNESCO data, more than 88.6 percent of Egyptian households have television sets. That’s higher than the country’s literacy and close to the country’s employment rate. To make matters worse, Egypt has 98 broadcast channels; making it the twelfth out of all 89 countries on the list.
Their biased information sways public opinion. So many people act on what is fed to them by the things they watch, and many fail to pause and think critically and formulate their own independent opinions.
Mass Media Ethics and Responsibility is a course that all students majoring in mass communication have to take at AUC. One of the first things we learn as students in that course is that the media should act as a watchdog and that personal opinions should always be set aside whilst presenting news.
If the entire country had to pass that course to present or to even watch television channels, I believe we’d be living in a pretty different country.
Selon le porte-parole de MBC Misr, le signal de cette chaîne de télévision a été délibérément coupé vendredi 7 mars, lors de l’émission satirique de Bassem Youssef intitulé « El-Bernameg », très populaire en Egypte. Le porte-parole, Mazen Hayek, a expliqué que de petits émetteurs satellites ont été identifiés à deux endroits du Caire comme la cause du blocage. Il n'était pas possible de savoir d’où émanait le brouillage et qui était derrière tout cela. « Il s’agit d'une forme de terrorisme », a-t-il conclu.
MBC Misr est une chaîne privée à capitaux saoudiens basée au Caire, la capitale égyptienne. Au début du mois de février, elle a repris la diffusion du programme de Bassem Youssef, après plusieurs mois d’interruption sur CBC Channel. Le conseil d'administration de ce média avait expliqué que « les producteurs et le présentateur contrevenaient à la politique éditoriale de la chaîne », sans compter les « problèmes techniques et commerciaux » et « les réactions populaires de colère ».
En effet, des plaintes accusaient l’émission « de présenter l’Egypte comme une femme lubrique qui trompe son mari avec les militaires » ou « d'incitation au chaos, de menace à la sécurité nationale, ainsi que d'insulte à l'armée ». C’était au lendemain de l’édition diffusée le 25 octobre 2013. Bassem Youssef avait critiqué la glorification du général Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi depuis sa prise du pouvoir. L’animateur se demandait si les manifestations soutenues par l’Armée, ayant conduit la chute du président Morsi, étaient une révolution ou un coup d’Etat.
Sur MBC Misr, Bassem Youssef est resté critique envers le nouveau pouvoir égyptien. Sous la présidence Morsi, l’animateur avait le même ton. Il avait vu son émission suspendue quatre mois durant. Bassem Youssef avait été placé en détention quelques heures avant d’être relâché.
You know that feeling when you're the only one in the cinema? Yeah. Estonian photographer Kaupo Kikkas went one further – he's found a ghostly, abandoned outdoor cinema deep in the heart of Egypt's Sinai desert.
According to Kikkas, the cinema was built by at the turn of the millenium by a French stoner who had access to oodles of cash. Perfect if you're going to undertake a project like this: you'll need the French romanticism and the weed to cloud your decision-making skills, and then the money to go through with such a totally insane idea.
No film has ever been shown there. On the opening night, the generator powering the party mysteriously cut out. It's suspected that local Egyptians and government officials didn't take too well to the European pothead and his grand cinematic ideas.
In case you were thinking that this is all some CGI hoax, look no further than the GoogleMaps location discovered by blogger MessyNessyChic, which appears to show an aerial view of the cinema – complete with neatly lined-up seats for an audience that will never arrive.
In December 2013, Egyptian Archaeologist and contributor Daily News Egypt contributor Dr Monica Hanna was named as the 2014 winner of the SAFE Beacon Award. Hanna has been active for many years, even before the 25 January revolution, trying to expose the consistent looting and destruction of archaeological sites and monuments. She has been instrumental in protecting many sites, including the Egyptian Museum during the 25 January Revolution, Abu Sir el-Malaq and Dahshour among others. She has also participated in the surveying the damage of the Museum of Islamic Art and the Egyptian National Library and Archives after the 24 January 2014 bombing of the Cairo Security Directorate.
After completing her Bachelor and Masters degrees at the American University in Cairo, Hanna travelled to Italy where she received her PhD from the University of Pisa. During the 2011 revolution she was in Berlin conducting post-doctoral studies and travelled back and forth between Egypt and Berlin. Shortly afterwards, she decided to relocate to Egypt full time so that she could fully dedicate herself to the protection of monuments and archaeological sites.
Reacting to the announcement of winning the award, Hanna said: “It means a lot for the cause. It will bring a lot of attention to the problems of looting. So, it is very good for the cause. It should shed light on the market because if there is enough attention paid to the market [for stolen antiquities], the looting will cease to happen. This award is not the result of only my own effort, but also of a great team and projects we have been working on for three years.”
By THE CAIRO POST
CAIRO: The Foreign Ministry is not imposing new taxes on Egyptian expatriates, said Assistant Foreign Minister for Consular Affairs Ali Al-Ashry during a television interview with ONtv on Sunday.
Newspapers have been reporting that the government intends to impose new taxes on Egyptian expatriates, news of which has been followed by widespread criticism.
The General Union of Egyptians Abroad sent two letters to the interim president and the prime minister calling for them to find a legal formula to impose new taxes on Egyptian expatriates, to contribute between $4 billion and $7 billion annually to the state fund.
Egyptian expatriates are already paying income taxes to the countries that they are from, and the decision to add taxes from Egypt is unfair, said the head of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights Hafez Abou Seda on his Twitter account March 8.
Abou Seda said that at least 40 percent of expatriate income would go to Egypt taxes if new taxes were imposed.
Al-Ashry said he read about the tax debate in newspapers, adding that the foreign ministry has been discussing for years the idea of creating an authority to aid Egyptian expatriates in times of crisis. It is holding daily meetings with ministry representatives about that issue, he said.
Remittances from around eight million Egyptian expatriates reached record heights in the fiscal year 2012-2013, $18.7 billion, compared to $18 billion in the fiscal year 2011-2012, according to the Central Bank of Egypt, the Al-Ahram state newspaper reported.
Additional reporting by Rofayda Awadeen and Hagar Housam.
By AMIRA EL-FEKKI
CAIRO: Presidential candidate Hamdeen Sabbahi said his vision for Egypt is “a state based on democracy and secularism, patriotism and Arabism, an ideology which takes into consideration accurate calculations on the present moment, bigger dreams for the future, without disconnecting from the past,” during an interview aired both on Mehwar TV and Jordan TV channels on Sunday.
Sabbahi, head of the Popular Current Party and co-founder of the Karama Party, declared his intention to run for presidential elections a few weeks ago. For a short while, he was the first and only candidate to publicly make such an announcement.
During the interview Sunday, Sabbahi was asked about his ideas for the forthcoming phase. He spoke of his determination to link the January 25 Revolution with the events of June 30, and to combine both events into a wider revolutionary context in Egypt and the entire Arab region.
Sabbahi said the fact that he has been inspired by former President Gamal Abdel Nasser “is no secret,” but it is also something he does not openly speak about. What Egypt must take from “Nasserism” is its ideology, he said, “which recognizes the importance of Nasserism as a popular movement, while on the other hand admits that with great success comes great failure.”
When he was a student at Cairo University, Sabbahi lived under the regime of former President Anwar Sadat but was very active in politics and founded a club based on Nasser’s ideologies. In 1977, he notably disagreed with Sadat in a public debate, blaming him for drifting away from Nasser’s heritage. He was president of Cairo University’s student union at the time.
Sabbahi said he aims to restore Egypt’s position in the Arab world, which will also have an important impact on boosting the country’s economy.
“My project is establishing Egyptian patriotism within an Arab identity, which represents the demands of the revolution, which are freedom, bread, social justice and human dignity. The real challenge of a revolution is not in bringing down a regime, it’s in building up a new regime,” Sabbahi said.
During the television interview Sabbahi spoke of specific tactics such as the need to “protect our Arab nation from any foreign interference, and to protect Syria from terrorist invasions. Qatar must once again become part of the Arab nation.” But Qatar needs to apologize to Egypt to do so, he said.
Sabbahi said more than once during the interview that he is determined to “achieve revolutionary demands,” adding that foremost is the seeking of social justice; real incorporation of youth in the economy through the support of small and medium enterprises, which would also decrease the need for foreign investment; and the importance of integrating the private sector and civil society.
He ran for president in the elections of 2013 and lost in the first round. He is running again this year despite strong public support for Deputy Prime Minister Field Marshal Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who is most recognized for his role in the events of June 30 against Muslim Brotherhood rule.
“Sisi is welcome to take part in a real democratic competition,” Sabbahi said.
Cairo University students belonging to the Muslim Brotherhood staged demonstrations outside the faculties of commerce and science on the first day of classes after the midterm holiday. They chanted slogans against the army, the police and the campus guard. Universities have deployed campus guards that are not from the Interior Ministry. Cairo University Security Director Yasser Manna said cars are checked at the gates and IDs must be presented. “We also have female security personnel to check the bags of the girls that the students use to bring in prohibited material,” he said. Meanwhile, Brotherhood students of the Saidia schools set fire to a car belonging to CBC News that was parked outside the main gate of Cairo University, terrorizing passersby in al-Nahda Square. Also, Brotherhood members of the Students against the Coup Movement staged protests in Banha University, flashing the Rabaa sign and chanting slogans against the army and the police. University President Ali Shams Eddin warned the students of disrupting classes. “We will not tolerate demonstrations that are not peaceful,” he said. Edited translation from MENA and Al-Masry Al-Youm
By MOHAMED EL-GALY
CAIRO: The Cabinet, rather than the State Council, is tasked with preparing amendments to the law on parliamentary elections, said Ali Awad, advisor to the president for constitutional affairs, in a statement to Youm7.
Awad added that the State Council’s legislation department would discuss and make observations on the amendments, then send it to interim President Adly Mansour for approval.
He said the Cabinet would make amendments to the Legal Council of Representatives for the House of Representatives in order to be commensurate with the 2013 Constitution, because there are two interpretations on organizing parliamentary elections.
Awad also said community dialogue would be held on the amendments, as it was for the Presidential Election Law.
Originally published in Youm7.
Interview de Michel Guénaire et Philippe Braud
The Egyptians aligned pyramids of the fourth dynasty, including the Great Pyramid of Khufu and its neighbor, Khafre, to cardinal points with amazing accuracy. For the most part, scholars who have studied the issue have concluded that the Egyptians must have used the stars to achieve such accuracy. In this paper, I demonstrate that they could have achieved that accuracy using the sun.