In response to claims by protesters and civil groups that the police use live ammunition, the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) published segments of resolutions which govern the arming of security forces.
The EIPR found that by law police are allowed to carry a substantial amount of live ammunition both on their person and within their vehicles. This statement contradicts the official position taken by the Ministry of Interior, which has claimed security forces do not use live ammunition and has said security forces are inadequately armed.
The law the EIPR referred to is the ministerial decree 156 of 1964 on the regulation and use of firearms. Under this decree police officers are permitted to use live ammunition to disperse protesters. Combined with the third administrative decree of 2007, which regulates the arming of Central Security Forces (CSF) and private security, as well as the third administrative decree from 2000 which regulates the arming of public security forces, the EIPR concluded that all formations of security include a certain amount of live ammunition, and that all vehicles used by these forces contain a wealth of live ammunition.
Every police officer, EIPR pointed out, also carries a 9mm pistol with live ammunition.
The EIPR, the Egyptian Centre for Economic and Social Rights, the Nadim Centre for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression and the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information filed a case against the implementation of these laws in February 2012. The case, according to EIPR, will be brought to the Administrative Court on 26 February. (Daily news Egypt)