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Cairo University students belonging to the Muslim Brotherhood staged demonstrations outside the faculties of commerce and science on the first day of classes after the midterm holiday. They chanted slogans against the army, the police and the campus guard. Universities have deployed campus guards that are not from the Interior Ministry. Cairo University Security Director Yasser Manna said cars are checked at the gates and IDs must be presented. “We also have female security personnel to check the bags of the girls that the students use to bring in prohibited material,” he said. Meanwhile, Brotherhood students of the Saidia schools set fire to a car belonging to CBC News that was parked outside the main gate of Cairo University, terrorizing passersby in al-Nahda Square. Also, Brotherhood members of the Students against the Coup Movement staged protests in Banha University, flashing the Rabaa sign and chanting slogans against the army and the police. University President Ali Shams Eddin warned the students of disrupting classes. “We will not tolerate demonstrations that are not peaceful,” he said. Edited translation from MENA and Al-Masry Al-Youm
By MOHAMED EL-GALY
CAIRO: The Cabinet, rather than the State Council, is tasked with preparing amendments to the law on parliamentary elections, said Ali Awad, advisor to the president for constitutional affairs, in a statement to Youm7.
Awad added that the State Council’s legislation department would discuss and make observations on the amendments, then send it to interim President Adly Mansour for approval.
He said the Cabinet would make amendments to the Legal Council of Representatives for the House of Representatives in order to be commensurate with the 2013 Constitution, because there are two interpretations on organizing parliamentary elections.
Awad also said community dialogue would be held on the amendments, as it was for the Presidential Election Law.
Originally published in Youm7.
Interview de Michel Guénaire et Philippe Braud
The Egyptians aligned pyramids of the fourth dynasty, including the Great Pyramid of Khufu and its neighbor, Khafre, to cardinal points with amazing accuracy. For the most part, scholars who have studied the issue have concluded that the Egyptians must have used the stars to achieve such accuracy. In this paper, I demonstrate that they could have achieved that accuracy using the sun.
Several constitutional experts, politicians, and rights activists have criticised the presidential election law that was approved by Interim President Adli Mansour on Saturday.
President Mansour has ratified the presidential election law in preparation for the upcoming presidential race, said Ali Awad, presidential advisor for constitutional affairs.
Nour Farahat, a constitutional expert, told ON TV that immunizing the decisions of the Supreme Elections Committee in the election law is clearly unconstitutional.
Farahat urged Mansour to commit to article 79 of the constitution which prohibits immunity to any resolutions from judicial oversight.
Immunizing the elections committee's resolutions is a constitutional flaw since this is incompatible with the articles of the constitution, said Magdi al-Garhi, deputy head of the State Council.
The presidency's justifications of the election committee's immunization are flimsy and could have been avoided, Garhi told CBC channel.
He pointed that the State Council's legislative body has recommended not immunizing the election committee and offered alternatives to appeal its decisions.
The law should have included an article stating that the sons of a presidential candidate cannot hold any nationality other than Egyptian, said Ahmed Refaat, law professor and former President of Bani Soueif University.
Refaat said that there should be a way to appeal the committee's decisions before the administrative court to ensure fair results.
Ayman Nour, head of the Ghad Party, expressed his rejection of the law and said it "clashes with solid constitution principles".
Nour said on Twitter that he will challenge the constitutionality of the presidential election law.
Preventing detainees from running for president contradicts the legal premise that a defendant is innocent until proven guilty, said Hafez Abu Seada, the National Council for Human Rights.
If this rule is applied, the president can prevent his opponents from contesting the presidential elections by detaining and charging them, Abu Seada added.
In Egypt, the hymen is vastly considered to be the only evidence of a woman’s virginity, and in the pervasively traditionalist atmosphere, this makes it the only way to safeguard her ‘honor.’
The notion has been legitimized to the extent that state services have been reportedly performing forcible virginity tests on detained women.
One of the most well-known incidents was in March 2011, when Samira Ibrahim and at least 18 other female protesters in Tahrir Square were subject to virginity tests by male military doctors.
In December 2011, the State Council Administrative Court ruled that the practice is illegal. However, the doctor whom Ibrahim claims had carried out a virginity test on her was acquitted in March 2012 by a military court.
Egypt is party to the United Nations Convention to Eliminate all Forms of Discrimination against Women, but its laws are still a long way from protecting the rights in the convention it ratified.
The Egyptian authorities are expected to present its Universal Periodic Review in 2014 to the UN committee that monitors the implementation of the convention. A group of Egyptian human rights organizations is also expected to present its own report on the condition of women’s rights in the country to the committee.
The quality of the public universities is dramatically falling, giving birth to the increase of -private universities and colleges that are not necessarily offering good or better education. However, they are offering another opportunity for higher education and, most importantly, opening a new horizon for outstanding well-rewarded business opportunities. Nothing wrong with the model, yet, the devil is in details. The crisis lies in the implementation not in the concept itself and the objectives behind it. It is not always comprehensive; it is still emerging, mostly underdeveloped, subjective and very individual. Subject to the full command of the P&L indicators, education, which is supposed to carry on human interests and pure abstract seeds turned into a business opportunity with an owner on the top seeking the lowest costs, the highest return and judging quality his own way. Others constantly fly away seeking international higher education with one of those universities dispersed all around the globe giving rise to more social dilemmas and ascendant cultural crisis.
Ecrivain engagé sans être militant, Alaa El Aswani, auteur de "l'Immeuble Yacoubian" est un observateur attentif de la société égyptienne. Il revient avec un nouveau roman et nous livre sa vision des derniers soubresauts subis par son pays.
Mansoura, Alex, Louxor et Le Caire...Dans plusieurs ville d'Egypte, les artistes du mouvement Women On Walls réalisent des graffitis avec une idée en tête: faire évoluer le droits des femmes dans un pays pointé du doigt comme le pire pays pour les femmes dans le monde arabe. Angie Balata, responsable de ce collectif revient sur la condition des femmes en Egypte, trois ans après la révolution.
Recent months have seen ongoing strike action from doctors in the public sector, who are demanding better pay and an increase in the state’s healthcare budget.
Next week, the doctors – who have been striking repeatedly since 2011 – will be joined by other medical professionals.
Starting on 8 March, doctors, dentists, pharmacists and veterinarians working in the public sector will go on a partial, open-ended strike. Nurses' representatives have yet to announce whether they will participate.
The move comes in response to an attempt to appease healthcare professionals by President Adly Mansour, who passed a decree last month raising bonuses but not basic pay, seen by many striking doctors as an inadequate solution.
Pharmacists were the first to join the doctors in reaction to the decree. On 12 and 19 February, pharmacists joined doctors in a partial strike that has been held on two days of every week since early January.
But pharmacists say that they have their own issues with government policies that also need to be addressed.
“We [the pharmacy syndicate] have a committee that coordinates with the doctors’ syndicate but our problems are much more [than the demands of the joint strike],” said pharmacist syndicate deputy Mohamed Seoudi.
On 26 February, pharmacists who work in government hospitals were joined by their counterparts working in the private sector in a one day strike, entering a battle that extends beyond a demand for better wages.
The funds of the former president Hosni Mubarak, and other figures of his regime, in the European Union will be unfrozen, a judicial source revealed.
The source, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said to Youm7 on Friday that the freezing of Mubarak and 19 of his former regime officials’ funds will be lifted on March 22. He explained that these funds have amounted to 450 million USD in England, France and Cyprus.
The source stated that three people affiliated to the Mubarak regime filed a complaint to the European Union’s Court of Justice demanding the lifting of the freezing of the funds. The source stated that a specialized committee from the court is examining their requirements.
“If it is proven that their funds abroad have no relation to the corruption charges of which they are accused in Egypt, the funds will be unfrozen,” the source stated.
The source stated however that that the committee in charge of retrieving smuggled funds in the Egyptian Ministry of Justice asked the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to send a formal letter to the European Union to refreeze the Mubarak regime leaders’ funds.
Mubarak and his family’s funds remain abroad, despite the formation of committees whose job it is to seek their return, when it was reported in 2011, in the days following his ouster, that Mubarak’s funds could amount to up to U.S. $70 billion.
By Jan. 25, 2013, Egypt Independent reported that not a single cent has returned to Egypt at that point. Further, in the midst of ongoing political turmoil and a shift of the public’s attention away from Mubarak’s trials and towards the Muslim Brotherhood instead, hope of regaining these funds only continues to dwindle.
Moreover, the acquittal of Gamal and Alaa Mubarak in the case of illegally obtaining lands to build residence for pilots with Ahmed Shafiq last December, along with Hosni Mubarak’s acquittal in various anti-corruption cases further impedes the process.
Reporting by Nourhan Hassan.
Par Farhat Othman