In response to a recent wave of deadly clashes throughout the country, President Mohamed Morsi imposed a 30-day state of emergency – including daily curfews – in the canal cities of Suez, Ismailia and Port Said. Egypt's new constitution, however, requires that the Shura Council (the upper house of Egypt's parliament) approve the move within seven days of its application.
According to Article 148 of the newly-approved charter, the president of the republic can only declare a state of emergency after consulting with Egypt's cabinet. The declaration should then be submitted to the lower house of parliament within seven days.
In the event that there is no sitting lower house, as is the case in Egypt now, the proclamation should be referreed to the Shura Council for approval.