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By Farida Ezzat, Contributor, EgyptianStreets.com (editing by Mohamed Khairat)
Since its start in the socialist movement, International Women’s Day has been a day where female activists all over the world come together under the certainty that women’s equality is not only a sign of societal development, but a human right that cannot be overlooked.
It is a day where thousands of women defy society’s restrictive and discriminating views of women and march for hours chanting their rights of equal pay, voting rights and overall equality.
A day to celebrate women’s freedom and courage, International Women’s Day stands as a reminder of how far we have come and how long we have to go.
With political instabilities and economical downfalls, women have continued to brave discrimination and sexual abuse in order to fight for freedom and to put an end to oppressive fascist regimes. Countries all over the world have taken actions to inspire change and promote societies drenched with promise for women. Women’s rights organizations have continued to work to ensure that women’s equality is achieved in all aspects of society.
Egypt has begun to take simple steps in ensuring the rights of its women by passing laws protecting women’s rights, ensuring equal representation in office, and reducing all forms of violence against women.
It is no secret that throughout history Egyptian women have been regarded as second-hand citizens, deeming unworthy of equal rights. Until 2000, for example, Egyptian women required the permission of their husbands or fathers to obtain a passport and travel overseas.
Egyptian women have been a target of sexual violence, gender-discrimination and societal intolerance for centuries. It is quite obvious that evident change in the area of gender issues has yet to take place in Egypt. In fact, months after the constitutional referendum, the Egyptian government has failed to represent women equally in office, giving women only 12 percent representation.
Les problèmes auxquelles l'Egypte sera confrontée dans les prochaines années sont insurmontables, et la croyance largement répandue dans la population égyptienne que le Golfe continuera de renflouer l'économie du pays et ouvrir les vannes de l'argent une fois qu'al-Sissi sera président semble être une utopie délirante.
Par Farhat Othman
Alaa Abdel Fattah est à lui seul un symbole de la résistance face au pouvoir et à la répression. Il a été arrêté et incarcéré en 2006 alors qu’il réclamait une justice indépendante ; en novembre 2011 dans le cadre d’une manifestation de coptes réprimée par l’armée et poursuivi durant la présidence Morsi. Ce blogueur, informaticien et activiste, est encore actuellement incarcéré. Il continue à s’exprimer et fait, dans sa dernière lettre, un troublant parallèle entre l’autisme et la condition des Égyptiens.
Cette statue mesure 1,70 m de hauteur, et 52 cm de largeur. Elle a été découverte par une mission européenne, sous la direction de Hourig Sourouzian. Elle fait partie intégrante d'une statue colossale en albâtre (14 m de hauteur) trouvée précédemment devant le troisième pylône du temple funéraire d'Amenhotep III.
By ISMAIL REFAAT
CAIRO: Ministry of Religious Endowment declared the dismissal of eight Muslim Brotherhood leaders in the framework to eliminate “Brotherhoodization” in the ministry, according to the ministry’s statement on Friday.
The statement explained that all Brotherhood leaders who were dismissed do not represent the ministry.
The ministry transferred and suspended eight other preachers from work duties for different reasons, including attacking the ministry’s decision of unification of the Friday sermons, violation of the ministry’s advocacy plan, delivering sermons without permissions, attacking the army, allowing strangers to deliver sermons, and using the mosques to call for demonstrations.
Originally published in Youm7.
Le gouvernement égyptien a conclu un accord de principe avec le chantier français Direction des constructions navales services (DCNS) pour équiper la marine égyptienne de quatre corvettes Gowind de 2400 tonnes, rapporte le site d’informations français La Tribune le 5 mars. Ce contrat est évalué à 1 milliard d'euros hors armement, a-t-on ajouté de même source. Les quatre navires seront armés de missiles surface-air VL Mica et mer-mer Exocet.
Les corvettes Gowind sont un genre de patrouilleur hauturier (Offshore Patrol Vessel ou OPV) destiné à des missions telles que la surveillance et la lutte contre la piraterie.DCNS a remporté la commande égyptienne face aux chantiers navals allemand ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS), qui proposait des Meko A200, et néerlandais Damen, qui mettait en avant ses corvettes Sigma.
C'est le ministre de la Défense, le maréchal Abdel Fattah al-Sissi, qui sera candidat à l'élection présidentielle, qui a décidé cette acquisition. Le chef de l’armée égyptienne, qui se prépare à «répondre à l’appel du peuple» en briguant la magistrature suprême, a, par ailleurs, signé lors de sa récente visite en Russie des contrats de plus de 2,18 milliards d'euros portant sur l'achat d'avions de chasse MiG-29M/M2, de systèmes de défense antiaérienne de différents types, d'hélicoptères Mi-35 et d'autres armements russes. Ces achats devraient être financés par l'Arabie saoudite et les Emirats arabes unis, selon les médias russes
The population currently stands at 86 million, according to the Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics.
"The agency issued the announcement through the population clock on Salah Salem Street in Cairo," said Misbah Khaireddine of the agency's chamber of studies. "The clock is linked electronically and updated with the latest data and statistics from the census."
In 2013, the population grew by 2.5%, he said.
"We estimated a population growth of 875,000 last year, but the actual figure significantly exceeded our expectations," he said.
This increase matches other reports that warn Egypt's population growth is a social time bomb, Khaireddine said.
On February 16th, Britain's Guardian newspaper reported that Egypt's population is likely to reach more than 137 million by 2050, while a study by the German Chamber of Commerce estimated the country's population will reach 120 million in 20 years.
"The increase in population has become a reality and we must work now across two axes," said Rami Abdulmuttalib, who lectures at Cairo University's Faculty of Social Sciences. "First, we must continue to limit the growth rate, and second, we must find solutions to the problems it causes."
These could include urban expansion to other regions of Egypt to reduce overcrowding in cities through the establishment of a system of cities, villages and new urban developments, he said.
Awareness-raising campaigns that address the social and economic risks associated with population growth could help reduce the birth rate, he said.
"In rural areas, especially agricultural ones, a high birth rate is caused by a desire to increase agricultural production by involving the entire family on the land," Abdulmuttalib said.
But a large population increase in Egypt would deplete government resources and impact the country's educational levels, he said.
Every once in a while, the level of pollution in the Nile rises, which requires halting the drinking water from stations that supply many areas of Egyptian cities because the Nile water no longer meets cleanliness standards. These rises in pollution are often caused by the Nile's low water level.
Egyptian youth are growing more disillusioned following the government’s crackdown on opposition demonstrations and jailing a number of secularist and Islamist opponents. Worryingly, some youth have begun to adopt violent measures in reaction to police repression, including the use of live ammunition. Ironically, even though the current regime was brought to power through mass protests, which spurred the army to move against former president Mohamed Morsi, the regime has turned around and issued a law strictly limiting demonstrations. Although official figures are unavailable, unofficial estimates put the number of detainees since Morsi was forced out on July 3 ataround 20,000 compared to a total of roughly 3,500 arrested during his year in power.
A number of NGOs (such as the New World Foundation for Development and Human Rights, Observers Without Borders, the Arab House Foundation for Human Rights, and the Egyptian Association for Supporting Democratic Development) noted that despite the overall turnout of 38 percent—exceptionally high for an Egyptian referendum—the constitutional referendum on January 14-15, 2014 relied heavily on elderly voters. Among young voters, turnout was significantly lower, sparking concerns within the government that it was losing youth support to the Muslim Brotherhood. For its part, the Muslim Brotherhood was heartened by the low youth turnout, and sought to reach out with statements acknowledging and apologizing for its prior mistakes.