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Egypte: Le ministre des antiquités affirme l'intégrité des sites archéologiques

Le ministre des antiquités, Mohamed Ibrahim a affirmé que tous les sites archéologiques en Haute-Egypte, notamment à Louxor, n'avaient pas été affectés par les pluies qui tombent sans interruption depuis le 5/11/2012 sur le sud du pays.

Le ministère a adopté les mesures préventives nécessaires pour protéger les antiquités, a affirmé M. Ibrahim qui a enjoint aux archéologues de se rendre sur les sites pour suivre les développements sur le terrain. (All Africa)

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revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Zangaki, frères et photographes

Zangaki, frères et photographes | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Photographes, les frères Zangaki, d'origine chypriote ou grecque, ont été très actifs entre 1870 et 1899.

Georges et Constantin ouvrent un atelier au Caire dans les années 1870 Leur studio est à l'origine de l'une des plus importantes productions photographiques du pays à la fin du XIXe siècle et demeure en activité jusqu'au tournant du XXe siècle.

Ils ouvrent un autre studio à Port-Saïd où ils s'associent à Hippolyte Arnoux, comme en témoigne l'utilisation des mêmes faux-décors dans certaines scènes.

Il se pourrait qu'ils se soient également installés à Louxor, Istanbul et Beyrouth.

"Certaines épreuves, caractéristiques par la qualité de leur prise de vue, leur technicité (plusieurs opérateurs ont vraisemblablement collaboré à l'atelier et leurs approches s'avèrent différentes) se distinguent d'une imagerie conventionnelle, commerciale, destinée aux touristes de passage. L'oeuvre des Zangaki constitue un impressionnant corpus documentaire et artistique (paysagiste, architectural, ethnosociologique) et ouvre un champ de représentations qui contribue à façonner le regard de l'Occident sur le Proche Orient. Elle est présente dans quantité d'albums souvenirs rapportés à l'époque par les voyageurs et illustre de nombreux ouvrages et articles de presse."

Leurs photos extrêmement travaillées, étudiées, sont toujours signées, très souvent en lettres italiques blanches, précisément légendées, et portent une référence.

Les frères Zangaki, comme Bonfils, Lékégian, Béato, Arnoux, ou encore les frères Abdullah, nous laissent des témoignages inestimables de l'Égypte à la fin du XIXe.

Marie Grillot


http://books.google.fr/books?id=UVPhEUNg7CcC&pg=PA1045&lpg=PA1045&dq=zangaki&source=bl&ots=-mcKhSN50t&sig=fMU7s0milTYEP6nBVmrC2pi5_Vc&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=XIRKU_bQIOqh0QWCzIDwAg&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBDge#v=onepage&q=zangaki&f=false

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frères_Zangaki


Illustration : Village égyptien et Pyramide. Vintage albumen print. Tirage albuminé. Collection particulière.

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Etre athée en Egypte, est-ce possible ?

Etre athée en Egypte, est-ce possible ? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By HEBA AHMAD

CAIRO: “If you want to be an atheist, do it in your bathroom.”

Mortada Mansour, a recent entry to the current presidential race, is known as a firebrand. In his comment above, however, given in a press interview shortly after announcing his candidacy in April, he expressed a common sentiment towards those who do not identify with a religion in Egypt.

Security forces in Alexandria announced March 26 their intent to arrest atheists who announce their atheism in public, even on Facebook or through any other means. Although atheism is not technically illegal in Egypt, those who openly question or deny religions, in particular Islam, can be charged with contempt of religion or insulting Islam.

The government recognizes only Abrahamic religions, and both visitors to the country and those born here must have a religious label; visitors must report their faith to obtain a residence visa, and Egyptians must have either a Muslim or Christian label printed on their national identification cards from birth, which is determined by the religion of the child’s father.

The Arabic word for atheism, kofr, encompasses three concepts: atheism, agnosticism, and blasphemy, and religion in Egypt is inextricable from the language and culture.

Egypt’s 2014 constitution guarantees the freedom to choose an Abrahamic religion, but for those who reject or question religious practices, the law is murkier, and can make rites of passages such as marriage difficult; Egyptian law forbids the marriage of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim man, and in cases where both parties are atheist, but with non-compatible national IDs, even a civil union can be practically impossible.

Life as an atheist

“I am not an atheist of an existent entity; I believe that no God exists, and the scientific method is the best explanation of everything,” said Mustafa, 22.

Mustafa said he is not yet open about his beliefs to his family, although he suspects that they have noticed how his beliefs run counter to theirs.

Mustafa added that he wants a civil marriage law in Egypt, noting that an atheist man with a Christian ID would be unable to marry an atheist woman with a Muslim ID.

S., 37, who identifies as non-religious, and declined to use his full name, told The Cairo Post that he believed in a God, but questioned the validity of any one religion. Raised as a Muslim, he said he was dissatisfied with the answers to his questions about doctrine, such as how the Prophet Mohamed could have recited a “doaa” [prayer] before using the bathroom in the Bronze Age while living in the desert, where no such facilities existed.

“Muslims, in my point of view, confirm freedom of belief when they call on non-Muslims to join Islam, but they don’t accept that some Muslim may practice their freedom to believe and have the right to leave Islam,” he said.

The call by the Alexandria Security Director’s to arrest the atheists “is anunconstitutional statement that conflicts with the right to freedom to belief, which the constitution guarantees.”

S. said that the January 25 Revolution led some non-religious people and atheists to announce their beliefs, but extremist Islamic currents also pushed others to fundamentalism.

Further, one does not need to self-identify as an atheist to invite legal scrutiny. Islamic studies professor Nasr Hamed Abo Zaid was forcibly divorced from his wife by the Egyptian Court of Personal Status in 1995 after his lectures were deemed by some colleagues as blasphemous, and they filed a suit against him.

The suit alleged that he was an atheist, citing his referencing the Quran as a “text,” instead of a divine source, in one of his articles. The court ruled that he was guilty, and also divorced him from his wife with neither parties’ consent, as under Egyptian law, a Muslim woman may only be married to a Muslim man.

Abu Zaid and his wife fled Egypt to the Netherlands, where he continues to teach Islamic studies at Leiden University.

Legal standards

“Believing or not believing in God is a personal issue; as written in the Quran: ‘The Truth is from your Lord; so whoever decides, then let him believe, and whoever decides, then let him disbelieve [Al-Kahf]’,” Professor of Philosophy and Islamic faith at Al-Azhar University Amna Nousair told The Cairo Post.

Nousair said that Islam guarantees the freedom of belief, so it would not be legitimate to arrest atheists for theirs, but said that announcing one’s atheism between friends or social media pages could be considered as an invitation to atheism, which is “a crime.”

She said that atheists who announce their beliefs and talk to people about it are “warriors against Islam,” and that arrest was appropriate in those cases.

Karam Saber was sentenced to five years in prison for blasphemy by the Beni Suif Court in March , for publishing a book of short stories called “Where is God?”.

Head of the Writers Union Mohamed Salmaway told Al-Masry Al-Youm on March 30 that the union plans to file a lawsuit, announcing that such a verdict is unconstitutional.

Mina Thabet, a researcher at The Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms told Al-Badil newspaper on March 27 that the Alexandria Security Director’s decision was “criminal,” and that the constitution guarantees the freedom of religious beliefs and the freedom to practice different rituals.

Thabet added that such a call to arrest atheists conflicts with international treaties that Egypt has joined.

No one in Alexandria has yet been arrested in accordance with the security director’s decision.

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L’Égypte des Pharaons : une somptueuse exposition à Szeged (Hongrie)

L’Égypte des Pharaons : une somptueuse exposition à Szeged (Hongrie) | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le Musée Móra de Szeged a réalisé un travail grandiose avec une exposition de très grande ampleur à trois endroits de la ville où des installations et des objets d’époque présentent le curieux et intriguant monde des anciens Égyptiens.

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En Egypte l'opposant Hamdeen Sabbahi peine à se faire une place

En Egypte l'opposant Hamdeen Sabbahi peine à se faire une place | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les partisans du leader de gauche Hamdeen Sabbahi peinent à faire porter leur voix dans la campagne d'une élection présidentielle pour laquelle l'ex-chef de l'armée et homme fort de l'Egypte Abdel Fattah Al Sissi est donné sans l'ombre d'un doute gagnant.

Il y a deux semaines, quand ils sont arrivés pour tenir un meeting dans le quartier populaire de Choubra au Caire, ils s'attendaient à tout sauf à trouver les lieux réservés déjà occupés par les supporters de M. Sissi, à grands renforts de banderoles et de haut-parleurs.

Des policiers anti-émeutes bottés et casqués sont intervenus, et les partisans de Hamdeen Sabbahi ont dû abandonner le terrain.

Cet incident, qui s'est reproduit plusieurs fois ailleurs selon le camp Sabbahi, est révélateur de l'espace très réduit laissé à cet opposant de longue date - déjà sous les présidents Sadate et Moubarak -, avant le premier tour du scrutin les 26 et 27 mai.

Il se présente face à l'homme de loin le plus populaire d'Egypte, le maréchal à la retraite Sissi, porté aux nues après avoir destitué début juillet le seul président jamais élu démocratiquement, l'islamiste Mohamed Morsi.

Alors chef de la toute puissante armée, M. Sissi avait invoqué les millions d'Egyptiens descendus dans la rue pour réclamer le départ du président Morsi, accusé d'accaparer le pouvoir au profit de sa confrérie des Frères musulmans et de vouloir islamiser de force la société.
Un troisième homme, un avocat au verbe haut, Mourtada Mansour, a également dit son intention de se présenter les 26 et 27 mai.

L'équipe de campagne de Hamdeen Sabbahi affirme avoir été à plusieurs reprises attaquée physiquement par des pro-Sissi, notamment lors de leurs tournées pour réunir les 25.000 signatures d'électeurs nécessaires pour une candidature officielle.

Mais ils veulent encore croire aux chances de M. Sabbahi, qui avait surpris tout le monde en se hissant à la troisième place à la présidentielle remportée par Morsi en 2012.

Pour eux, la candidature de cette figure du nassérisme envoie un message clair au moment où Abdel Fattah Al Sissi, icône nationaliste quasi-intouchable, est considéré par les experts unanimes comme le futur président: ils veulent croire que les forces politiques qui ont lancé la révolte de 2011 contre Hosni Moubarak continueront à s'opposer à un retour de l'Egypte sous la férule d'un dirigeant autoritaire.

Empêcher un "plébiscite" pour Sissi

La candidature Sabbahi vise à empêcher que le scrutin ne se transforme "en une forme de cérémonie d'allégeance ou un plébiscite", explique à l'AFP Maasoum Marzouk, porte-parole de la campagne, qui y voit "une défaite de la démocratie".

"Nous ne pouvons pas accepter de retourner" à l'ère Moubarak, "nous ne pouvons pas accepter de faire allégeance à une seule personne", martèle M. Marzouk.

La campagne officielle ne débutera que le 3 mai mais pour tenter dès maintenant de peser face aux médias publics comme privés soutenant unanimement Abdel Fattah Al Sissi, les partisans de Hamdeen Sabbahi sillonnent le pays pour présenter son programme.

Dans le quartier huppé d'Héliopolis au Caire, comme à Choubra, des dizaines de jeunes militants forment une chaîne humaine, brandissant des portraits du candidat souriant sous son épaisse chevelure blanche, et appelant à voter pour celui qui "réalisera les objectifs de la révolte: démocratie, liberté, dignité".

"C'est le candidat qui s'occupera des pauvres", lance Mahmoud Alaa, étudiant de 21 ans. "Hamdeen ne nous ramènera pas au temps de l'Etat policier de Moubarak. Il combat pour la liberté et a été en prison 17 fois".

Le maréchal Sissi, qui a revêtu il y a peu le costume civil, a eu beau promettre qu'il "n'y aura pas de place pour le totalitarisme" en Egypte, ses rares opposants qui osent se déclarer dans la rue n'en croient pas un mot.

Le gouvernement qu'il a mis en place après la destitution de M. Morsi mène une implacable répression de l'opposition islamiste, mais aussi laïque. Plus de 1.400 manifestants pro-Morsi ont été tués en neuf mois, quelque 15.000 Frères musulmans arrêtés et des centaines déjà condamnés à mort dans des procès expéditifs.

"Si Sissi gagne, il ne nous reste plus qu'à nous trouver un nouveau pays", lâche ainsi Omar Tarek, un étudiant de 22 ans.

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Institut Lumière (Lyon) : Festival Cinémas du Sud

Institut Lumière (Lyon) : Festival Cinémas du Sud | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Du 24 au 27 avril 2014

Cette plongée dans le cinéma du Maghreb et du Moyen-Orient d’aujourd’hui se penche sur le social ou le politique, donnant une vision plurielle de ces pays aux histoires et aux destins différents. Les révolutions arabes ont libéré la parole, nous assistons à l’émergence d’une jeune génération d’auteurs portés par l’élan vital de la jeunesse. De nombreux réalisateurs viendront présenter leur film et rencontrer le public.

Les séances seront présentées et animées par Abdellah Zerguine, directeur artistique de Regard Sud, et Michel Amarger, journaliste et critique de cinéma à Radio France 
Internationale.

Festival organisé par Regard Sud.
Toutes les projections ont lieu à l'Institut Lumière
3 rue de l'Arbre Sec 69001 Lyon 

Télécharger le programme en pdf : http://www.institut-lumiere.org/francais/pdf/Tract_RegardSud_2014.pdf

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Deux nouveaux journalistes arrêtés en Egypte

Deux nouveaux journalistes arrêtés en Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Les forces de sécurité égyptiennes ont arrêté le 9 avril 2014 Ahmed al-Ajos et Abdel Rahman Shaheen (photo), deux correspondants de Freedom and Justice News Gate, un site Web d’information proche de la Confrérie des frères musulmans, organisation déchue du pouvoir et interdite en Egypte. Les deux journalistes sont accusés d’avoir incité et même commis des actes de violence lors de récentes manifestations.

Ahmed al-Ajos a été interpelé à son domicile à Minufiyah. Abdel Rahman Shaheen a, quant à lui, été pris dans la rue dans la ville de Suez. Le Comité pour la protection des journalistes (Cpj) a condamné ces nouvelles arrestations qui portent à plus de 60 le nombre de journalistes arrêtés depuis juillet 2013. Cette date marque la chute du président Mohamed Morsi et l’arrivée au pouvoir de nouvelles autorités conduites Abdel Fattah al-Sissi, le général devenu maréchal puis candidat à l’élection présidentielle.

Le Cpj accuse les nouveaux dirigeants de museler la presse à l’approche de cette échéance électorale prévue en mai prochain. Le procès des trois journalistes de la chaîne de télévision Al-Jazeera a été ajourné au 22 avril prochain. Ils avaient été arrêtés en décembre 2013.

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Les relations égypto-russes sont grandissantes dans les domaines économique et militaire.

Les relations égypto-russes sont grandissantes dans les domaines économique et militaire. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Russian Consul General Sergei Petlyakov praised the role of Egypt in the Middle East on Monday, adding that Egyptian-Russian relations have improved in the economic and military fields, Al Ahram Gate reported.

Petlyakov made his remarks during his visit Monday to the Mansoura Kidney Center and the Egyptian Liver Research Institute and Hospital in Sherbin, part of a two day visit to the Dakahlia governorate.

He said his visit aims to determine investment opportunities in Egypt.

Russian-Egyptian military relations were promoted by former Minister of Defense Abdul Fatah al-Sisi during a recent visit to Russia, and Minister of Industry, Foreign Trade and Investment Mounir Fakhry Abdel Nour also visited Russia three weeks ago.

Nour’s visit to Russia resulted in an agreement to establish a free trade zone between Egypt and the customs unions of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. He said in a statement then that the free trade zone will benefit all sides because it will increase mutual trade.

The two sides also discussed mutual trade including importing Russian supplies of liquefied gas and wheat to Egypt, the statement said. Russia is currently considered the principle supplier of wheat to Egypt.

Egyptian-Russian mutual trade amounted to $2.3 billion last year, and Egyptian exports to Russia amounted to $332 million, according to the State Information Service.

Russian investment in Egypt totaled $65.6 billion last year, representing 383 Russian companies in Egypt, it said.

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15 avril : Anniversaire du décès d'Amelia Edwards

15 avril : Anniversaire du décès d'Amelia Edwards | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Écrivain, journaliste, fondatrice de l'Egypt Exploration Found


Amelia Ann Blanford Edwards est née à Londres le 7 juin 1831. Fille d'un ex-militaire devenu banquier, elle est élevée par sa mère. Elle révèle de grands dons artistiques pour le dessin, la musique, mais c'est vers la littérature qu'elle se tourne. Elle devient journaliste, romancière, historienne et connaît très vite le succès.

En 1873 elle se rend en Égypte : ce voyage changera sa vie. Dès lors, elle se passionne pour l'égyptologie, apprend l'écriture hiéroglyphique et débute une collection d'antiquités.

En 1877, elle publie "A thousand miles up the Nile", ouvrage enrichi par ses propres illustrations.


Il semble que dès cette année-là, elle est en correspondance avec Gaston Maspero. Conquise par ses publications, elle le fait connaître en Grande-Bretagne. Elle écrit avec humour : "Il n'y a qu'un seul Maspero et ABE (Amelia Blanford Edwards) est son prophète." Elle rêve à l'ouverture de la pyramide de Meidoum, elle est persuadée que des tombes restent à découvrir dans la Vallée des Rois…

Attristée par la destruction des monuments, elle décide d'œuvrer pour leur sauvegarde. Elle fait cependant ce difficile constat : "Les Anglais n'ont plus d'égyptologues à présent… Nous n'avons pas de périodique égyptologique, pas de congrès provinciaux - rien du tout - excepté de l'argent."

Elle souscrit alors à l'idée, initiée par Edouard Naville, de subventionner le service de conservation des antiquités. Elle devient l'âme de ce projet et met tout en œuvre pour le faire avancer Outre-Manche.

L'Egypt Exploration Found est créé en 1882 et reçoit ses premières contributions (l'un des tout premiers donateurs sera Lord Carnarvon père). Amelia Edwards met alors entre parenthèses sa carrière littéraire et en devient la principale responsable. Elle s'investit totalement dans la recherche de fonds. La candidature d'Heinrich Schlieman (le génial découvreur de Troie) refusée, c'est Edouard Naville qui fouillera pour l'EEF. Il sera bientôt remplacé par William Flinders Petrie.

Le rôle et les missions de l'EEF ne cessent de s'étendre. Cette entité existe encore aujourd'hui sous le nom d'Egypt Exploration Society.


En 1889-1890, Amelia Blanford Edwards part aux États-Unis donner une série de conférences ; les actes en sont publiés dans un volume intitulé "Pharaohs, Fellas, and Explorer" qui paraît en1891.

Amelia Edwards s'éteint le 15 avril 1892 ; elle n'a que 61 ans et encore tant à accomplir… Elle lègue sa considérable collection d'antiquités à l'University College de Londres, avec une somme conséquente destinée à créer une chaire d'égyptologie.

Cette grande dame mérite toute notre admiration pour ce qu'elle a apporté et accompli pour l'Égypte, mais il ne faut cependant pas laisser dans l'ombre l'existence de ses autres écrits. Aussi, je me permets de reprendre ces mots qui résument parfaitement et totalement l'hommage qui doit lui être rendu : "Égyptologue de renommée internationale, femme entièrement émancipée en pleine époque victorienne, au point d'afficher officiellement son homosexualité, auteur de récits de voyage qui n'ont pas pris une ride, romancière à succès elle a laissé, en prime, dix-sept récits fantastiques…"

Marie Grillot


Gaston Maspero, Elisabeth David, Pygmalion, 1999

Le voyage en Egypte, Sarga Moussa, Bouquins Robert Laffont, 2004

http://nilemuse.com/edwards/

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelia_Ann_Blanford_Edwards

http://www.ees.ac.uk/about-us/index.html

http://www.jose-corti.fr/titresromantiques/dans-le-confessionnal.html

http://pyramidales.blogspot.fr/2011/03/une-heure-et-quarante-minutes.html

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Le Tribunal de première instance d'Alexandrie interdit aux Frères musulmans d'être candidats aux élections législatives ou présidentielles.

Le Tribunal de première instance d'Alexandrie interdit aux Frères musulmans d'être candidats aux élections législatives ou présidentielles. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Al-Masry Al-Youm On Tuesday, Alexandria Court of First Instance is scheduled to issue a verdict in a lawsuit that demands a ban on the nomination of Muslim Brotherhood members in parliamentary and presidential elections.

Tareq Mahmoud, legal adviser for the Popular Front Against Brotherhoodization of Egypt, had filed the lawsuit to force the High Elections Commission, the prime minister and the interior minister not to accept nomination papers from current or former Muslim Brotherhood members for public office.

The Muslim Brotherhood was labelled by Egyptian authorities as a terrorist group in late 2013.

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Étant aux prises avec une importante crise de l'énergie, l'Égypte va interdire la production et l'importation de climatiseurs pouvant être réglés à une température inférieure à 20 degrés Celsius.

Étant aux prises avec une importante crise de l'énergie, l'Égypte va interdire la production et l'importation de climatiseurs pouvant être réglés à une température inférieure à 20 degrés Celsius. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt, grappling with an energy crunch, will enforce a ban on the production and import of air conditioners that can be set lower than 20 degrees Celsius, aiming to reassure citizens and industry hit with power cuts and fuel shortages.

The failure of successive governments in Cairo to develop sound energy policies has discouraged foreign companies from tapping gas reserves needed to meet increasing consumption in the most populous Arab country.

Power generation in Egypt is largely dependent on natural gas, now in short supply. The government predicts production will fail to meet surging domestic demand in the next fiscal year, starting in July.

Trade, Industry and Investment Minister Mounir Fakhry Abdel Nour cast the restrictions on air conditioners as a part of the government plan to cut energy use in order to ease the worsening crisis in the sector.

The decision was taken last year but will be implemented starting mid-June, Abdel Nour said in a statement.

The ban on air conditioners outside the government's specification will contribute to "easing the burden on Egyptian families," the minister said.

Egypt will hold presidential elections late next month, just before the hot summer months when air conditioners are cranked up, adding pressure to an already stretched electricity grid.

Chaos in the politically-sensitive energy sector, currently kept afloat by petroleum product handouts from Gulf Arab countries, will be among the biggest challenges facing the country's next president.

Long lines at gas stations and power cuts fuelled popular anger against Islamist President Mohamed Mursi ahead of his ouster by the army last summer.

Experts say the energy crunch is worsening and will not be resolved until more gas production comes onstream, which is dependent on Cairo encouraging large investments. Such long-term policy decisions have been put off repeatedly.

With daily power cuts darkening homes and businesses ahead of the summer, the government is keen to be seen as active in tackling the shortages, though some ministers have acknowledged the problem is insurmountable in the short-term.

The electricity minister said on Saturday the government would not be able to prevent power cuts this summer.

(Reporting by Shadia Nasralla and Maggie Fick; Editing by Mark Potter)

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Egypte: avant même la campagne présidentielle, Sissi est partout

Egypte: avant même la campagne présidentielle, Sissi est partout | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Son portrait s'étale en grand, encadré par d'extravagantes volutes dorées: à quelques pas de l'emblématique place Tahrir, comme dans toute l'Egypte et avant même le lancement officiel de la campagne présidentielle, Abdel Fattah al-Sissi est partout.

A la télévision, les talk-shows ne parlent que de la «campagne pas classique» promise par celui qui, alors chef de la toute-puissante armée, a destitué en juillet le premier président élu démocratiquement, l'islamiste Mohamed Morsi.

Depuis, les islamistes sont implacablement réprimés --1.400 morts, plus de 15.000 arrestations et des centaines de condamnations à mort expéditives-- et cette fermeté a valu à M. Sissi une popularité sans égale auprès de l'opinion publique, largement hostile aux pro-Morsi.

Il est, de loin, le grand favori du scrutin des 26 et 27 mai. A la télévision, des invitées ont lancé des youyous pour célébrer sa candidature. D'autres ont déclamé des poèmes: «Ô preux chevalier! Nous nous en remettons à toi».

Les artistes y sont aussi allés de leur couplet: dans un clip mêlant manifestations pro-Sissi et entraînements militaires, un chanteur entonne «Le peuple tout entier t'aime (...) toutes nos vies, nous te les sacrifions», avant un refrain assurant dans un anglais approximatif «Sissi, tous les Egyptiens t'aiment».

«Un million de merci ô Sissi! Tu as fait renaître l'espoir en nous !», chante un autre.

Pour être candidat, M. Sissi a dû quitter le gouvernement et l'armée, où il venait d'être nommé maréchal. Il devait aussi réunir les signatures de 25.000 électeurs. Selon la presse, il en a rassemblé dix fois plus en quelques jours.

«Les gens continuent à venir, on ne va pas gâcher leur joie et refuser leurs signatures», explique Khaled El-Chafei, un comptable cairote qui a dédié son bureau à la campagne de M. Sissi.

Des dizaines d'Egyptiens --en majorité des femmes et des personnes âgées-- se pressent chaque jour dans son officine pour apporter leur soutien à celui qui, selon lui, «sortira de la terreur» un pays en proie aux violences.

 

- Réseaux sociaux en ébullition -

 

Alors que la campagne officielle doit s'ouvrir le 3 mai, la pré-campagne se joue aussi sur les réseaux sociaux, où les premières images du candidat arpentant une rue du Caire à vélo et en survêtement ont donné lieu à toutes les interprétations: ses partisans y voient un message écologiste, ses opposants dénoncent un vélo au prix indécent ou une vulgaire contrefaçon.

Mais ce qui a enflammé les réseaux sociaux, c'est un «hashtag» lancé par les anti-Sissi sur Twitter: «Votez pour le maquereau». Des dizaines de milliers d'utilisateurs à travers le monde arabe l'ont repris et le mot-clé est désormais décliné en graffitis mais aussi en poèmes.

Détournant ironiquement un discours dans lequel M. Sissi affirmait aux Egyptiens qu'ils étaient «la lueur de ses yeux», un jeune partisan de M. Morsi appelle ainsi sur Twitter à «Voter pour le maquereau pour que, quand l'électricité est coupée, il nous éclaire avec la lueur de ses yeux».

Mais se moquer de M. Sissi peut coûter cher. Un habitant du sud en a fait l'expérience: il vient d'être condamné à six mois de prison pour avoir baladé son âne sur lequel il avait écrit «Sissi».

 

- Business et colifichets -

 

N'en déplaise aux opposants, la marque Sissi, devenue un commerce juteux, se décline sous toutes les formes: jeux vidéos, chocolats, posters le mettant en scène avec des lions, des aigles ou l'ancien leader charismatique Gamal Abdel Nasser.

Pour une livre égyptienne --dix centimes d'euros--, on peut même acheter une reproduction de sa carte d'identité. A la ligne «profession», il est écrit «sauveur de la patrie».

Des faux billets de banque flanqués d'un «Sissi président» jaune criard montrent aussi l'ancien maréchal regardant l'horizon, le coude posé, grâce à un montage photo, sur l'épaule d'un sphinx.

«Tout ce qui touche à Sissi part très vite», affirme Medhat Mohamed, vendeur de 40 ans qui écoule «100 posters par jour» sur la place Tahrir.

Et dans les affaires, pas d'états d'âme: à côté du porte-clé Sissi, Medhat en propose un au portrait de Hosni Moubarak, le président chassé du pouvoir en 2011 par une révolte lancée sur Tahrir.

 © 2014 AFP
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Un général d'armée retraité demande que le monastère de Sainte-Catherine soit démoli, car représentant une menace pour la sécurité du pays

Un général d'armée retraité demande que le monastère de Sainte-Catherine soit démoli, car représentant une menace pour la sécurité du pays | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A retired army general says he has filed a court case pushing for Egypt's historic Saint Catherine's Monastery to be demolished and its Greek monks deported on the grounds that they pose a threat to national security.

In May 2012, Ahmed Ragai Attiya obtained 71 administrative orders regarding the demolition of the monastery's multiple churches, monk cells, gardens and other places of interest on the grounds, which he claims were all built in 2006 and thus not historic, according to Ihab Ramzy, the monastery's lawyer.

However, in an interview with private channel ONTV on Thursday, Attiya said that he has now used the 71 orders to file an official demolition suit with Ismailiya's Administrative Court against the monastery and 10 of the Egyptian authorities concerned, including the president, ministers of tourism and antiquities and the governor of South Sinai, where Saint Catherine's is located.

In the same ONTV interview, Attiya levelled a host of accusations against the monastery's monks, alleging that they have changed the names of landmarks in the surrounding area and tried to hide an underground water source known as Moses' Well (Oyun Moussa).

He also took issue with them supposedly raising the Greek flag on Egyptian land and turning the site into an area occupied by foreigners, both which he says are a breach of national security and Egyptian sovereignty.

Most of the Saint Catherine's 37 monks are Greek.

Attiya, who in 1978 founded the Egyptian army's special operations unit, made similar accusations regarding the monastery at the Journalists Syndicate in downtown Cairo in February.

Ramzy, the monastery's lawyer, told Ahram Online that he denies all of Attiya's claims against the monastery and its monks.

The abbot and monks at Saint Catherine's are not authorised to even paint a wall without permission from Egypt's antiquities ministry, let alone build new structures, Ramzy said, adding that the personnel on site are only there to guard the monastery.

"[It's] one of the oldest, continuously inhabited Christian monasteries, with a history that can be traced back over 17 centuries, and is under the supervision of Egypt's antiquities ministry and UNESCO," Ramzy said.

He said South Sinai's antiquities department had sent an official letter to Egypt's antiquities ministry, clearing the monastery of Attiya's complaints from 2012.

Attiya, as the plaintiff in the case, has yet to provide evidence of his accusations. The court has since referred the case to an internal panel of experts to determine whether or not the monastery is indeed a historical place and if Moses' Well lies underneath the site.

The case has been postponed to June 2014, pending the findings of the panel.

Attiya's accusations also include the Bedouin inhabitants of the region, who he claims have betrayed Egypt by guarding what he calls "the Greek occupants" – i.e. the monks.

Sheikh Ahmed El-Jebaly – speaking on behalf of the Jebeliya tribe which has guarded the monastery for 1400 years – denied the accusations, stressing that his tribe would never allow anyone to attack the monastery or any other place in the area.

"The peace that has existed between the monks and the Bedouin people has made Sinai an emblem of peace" that has served pilgrims and visitors of different faiths, languages and culture, El-Jebaly said, speaking at a press conference last week at the headquarters of the Al-Tagammu Party in downtown Cairo.

Regarding illegal structures, El-Jebaly said that the only "settlements" in the town of Catherine, near the monastery, consist of a housing project authorised by local authorities.

Saint Catherine's Monastery was built between 548 and 565 on the site thought to be the location of the burning bush, where Moses is believed to have spoken with God and been told that he was to lead the Israelites out of Egypt.

The monastery gets its name from a Christian martyr named Catherine, who according to legend was delivered by angels to monastery and then later buried there by monks after she was beheaded around the year 800.

 
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Égypte: les Frères musulmans mobilisent les troupes dans les universités

Égypte: les Frères musulmans mobilisent les troupes dans les universités | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Un reportage audio de Perrine Mouterde

En Égypte, les Frères musulmans et leurs partisans ont de plus en plus de mal à mobiliser dans l’espace public. Ils sont considérés par les autorités comme des terroristes. Mais il y a un lieu où la contestation au pouvoir se poursuit : les universités. Malgré la répression, les manifestations contre le régime y sont encore quasi quotidiennes.

Depuis le début de l’année universitaire, au moins 12 étudiants ont été tués par les forces de l’ordre dans l’enceinte même de leur établissement, et plus de 1 300 ont été arrêtés.

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Selon l'égyptologue Monica Hanna, le "régime Moubarak" est "profondément impliqué" dans le trafic d'antiquités égyptiennes

In response to a question from the audience at yesterday's event at the Wilson Center, Dr. Monica Hanna stated unequivocally that the Mubarak Regime (her words) was deeply involved in antiquities trafficking.  Specifically, Hanna identified the former police chief of Cairo as a major smuggler. 

But that is not all.  Another speaker from the floor complained that two successive US Ambassadors had offered the Egyptian Government money to help complete an inventory of artifacts in state collections, but this effort was stymied by the Egyptian Government itself.  No wonder. Without an inventory, it's far easier for corrupt Egyptian cultural bureaucrats to sell antiquities from "the museum store" without notice.  And yet, the same Egyptian cultural bureaucracy has  convinced the US Government to bring criminal cases and forfeiture actions to recover Egyptian artifacts from US citizens in the recent past. 

When asked if the current military government was also involved in antiquities trafficking, Hanna could only meekly state that it was too soon to tell.  But just how different is the current military government from the Mubarak regime, which was also dominated by military men?   And, if the differences are as it appears only "skin deep," why should the US Government clamp down on US collectors on behalf of a deeply hypocritical and corrupt Egyptian cultural establishment?

CPO hopes to post a full report of  Dr. Hanna's talk in the not too distant future, but in the interim will highlight some of her admissions that should give US Government decision makers and the press pause.

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Grève "administrative" des médecins

Grève "administrative" des médecins | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By AYA IBRAHIM

CAIRO: Thousands of administrative doctors began on Tuesday a partial strike in hospitals and centers affiliated with the Ministry of Health, in a new escalation against the government due to the Cabinet’s reluctance in applying the medical professions cadre law, according to a High Committee of the Doctors Strike statement.

The strike included all the government’s hospital, health insurance centers and health units, and applies to all Egyptian physicians, whether appointed, contract-based or delegates.

The striking doctors are demanding a nine percent increased in the Health Ministry budget, as well as the improvement of public hospitals. They also demanded the implementation of financial and administrative changes approved in May 2012 by the Doctors Syndicate general assembly.

Striking doctors are now refraining from issuing any private medical certificates that are required for a range of purposes including obtaining a driving license, pilgrimage visas, marriage, and overseas employment. The strike does not include the issuance of certificates of birth, death and vaccination.

Head of the Doctors Strike Coordinating Committee Ahmed Shousha told Youm7 that the clinics are committed to issuing the medical certificates required for marriage, Umrah (the minor Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca), and travelling abroad, on Monday and Thursday of each week so as not to delay citizens.

The number of doctors participating in the ongoing strike has exceeded more than 70 percent in all public medical facilities, Shousha said, adding that the strike would not end until their demands are met.

“The Doctors Syndicate is tasked with protecting the striking doctors in accordance with the general assembly decisions, which ordered that any person who violates the strike should be referred to discipline,” Shousha added.

Shousha also said the Doctors Syndicate’s general assembly ordered in February the collection of mass resignations from doctors employed by the Health Ministry, and is now collecting them from pharmacists and physicians.

The High Committee of the Doctors Strike statement in March stated that doctors are facing a state that “ignores the medical sector,” and described Health Ministry hospitals as “inadequate” in providing medical services.

Doctors began their first strike in May 2011, which included most public and several university hospitals. Their demands included raising the national health budget from three and a half percent to 15 percent of the state budget and a higher minimum wage.

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L'initiative "Sauver le Caire" a pour but de protéger d'anciennes constructions, à valeur architecturale, dans la capitale égyptienne

L'initiative "Sauver le Caire" a pour but de protéger d'anciennes constructions, à valeur architecturale, dans la capitale égyptienne | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By DALIA FAROUK

CAIRO: Due to the continuous violations that target ancient monuments in Egypt,   “Save Cairo” was launched aiming to defend architectural heritage in the Egyptian capital, CBC aired in a report on Saturday.

Omnia Abd el-Bar, a member in the initiative, explained that constructions near the monuments could cause them to collapse.

There are no accurate statistics regarding the violations that affect monuments, which include mosques, according to Salah Adel, another member in “Save Cairo.”

He added that some mosques suffer from neglect, in addition to the theft of historical texts in them.

The Egyptian Creativity Front released a statement on Facebook on Monday, saying “the front denounces the Ministries of Antiquities and Culture for what is happening in Fustat.”

The front added that the Ministry of Antiquities allowed this region to be transformed into a park against the law, neglecting the fact that it is considered to be one of the most important regions in Egypt that contains Islamic monuments.

In the statement, the front said that some experts also stated that constructing a park in that historical place could destroy monuments due to watering.

El-Badil reported on Monday that the governorate of Cairo started on the same day to fill up the remaining land of Fustat, Egypt’s first Islamic capital, which is estimated to be seven acres.

Smarat Hafez, Head of Islamic Antiquities Sector in the Ministry of Antiquities, told El-Badil that a ministerial committee inspected the location to protect it from waste, adding that the park is temporary and it will be planted with Cactus to limit groundwater.

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Après la Révolution : Intérieurs égyptiens, photos de Bieke Depoorter

Après la Révolution : Intérieurs égyptiens, photos de Bieke Depoorter | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The change demanded by tens of thousands of people in Tahrir Square more than three years ago came quickly and subsided even faster. The leader of three decades, Hosni Mubarak, finally stepped down; a democratic vote put the Muslim Brotherhood at the seat of power; and the nation’s army chief, who helped orchestrate a coup last July, resigned—only to run for president. That turmoil, along with a deadly crackdown on Islamists and attacks on the press, has made progress hard to pin down.

Bieke Depoorter, a photographer based in Ghent, Belgium, found a way to capture the often-unseen reality of a nation collapsing into its past. She would ask people on the streets of Cairo and other areas to stay a night in their homes. In each of her four several-week trips since late 2011, she would spend a few nights photographing, each time with a different family, then take a day off and repeat. She’s been to between 30 and 40 homes but denied entry from far more.

Depoorter, 27, doesn’t know Arabic, but the language barrier hasn’t proven a fault. “By not speaking, just being together, you can really get to know each other in a more thoughtful and real way,” she says. “People give me a lot and I give a lot, and it’s easier with strangers because they know I’m going away the next morning,” she adds. “It’s a very short, intense moment. It’s there and it will never come back.”

She mostly approaches women with her request but has also struck up conversations with others, like older men who were drinking tea. A translator helps her facilitate access, and after that she usually works alone. But as xenophobia has escalated and as a foreigner with a camera, she nevertheless stands out.

One time that meant overhearing a woman, who invited her home, talking hysterically with a neighbor on the phone about her. Depoorter was so concerned she told the woman that she deleted her photos, then went back to her room. She couldn’t leave because of the state-imposed curfew.

Two days later, she went back with her translator. The woman explained that the son of the neighbor, who was visiting the day before, told his father about the camera-wielding foreigner next door. The father had phoned the woman to say Depoorter was a spy, which the woman denied. She and the translator smoothed everything out—to the point that Depoorter admitted she still had a few pictures left from the night—but suspicion like that has been a constant theme for her and others.

Depoorter was once in the predominantly Christian area of Minya, in one of the neighborhoods with her translator, when someone began shouting, “They are spies!” Hundreds of people swarmed around them, but an older man helped the duo to a taxi. It was enough to call off their plans, but the day wasn’t lost. “We were sitting in a park when a woman came over and said her boy wanted to talk in English with us,” she recalls. The woman, a police officer, lated insisted she spend the night in her family’s home.

That’s the real Egypt to Depoorter, a mix of hospitality, curiosity, suspicion and awe. She’s motivated by the small things, how people interact or make their lives together, the impact of a failed revolution. Sometimes she’ll stay awake all night, just taking pictures and observing what’s going on around her. “I think it’s really amazing that people trust me and show their lives,” she says. “Every time they take me home, it’s a surprise.”

Depoorter plans to return soon to continue the project, which pairs well with pictures from similar work she’s done in the U.S. and Russia, the latter of which led to her book Ou Menya. She hopes to show that even when disparities between people are being shown so much, there are undeniable parallels. “People are very similar,” she points out,”when it’s about intimacy and being at home, with family.”

Bieke Depoorter is a photographer and a nominee with Magnum. This project was supported by The Pascal Decroos Fund for Investigative Journalism.

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Des objets en or de la tombe de Toutankhamon ont été restaurés et sont exposés pour la première fois

Des objets en or de la tombe de Toutankhamon ont été restaurés et sont exposés pour la première fois | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Even the tomb of Tutankhamun holds virtually unknown treasures. A group of decorated gold leaf-on-leather objects is currently under restoration by an Egyptian-German team in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, to be displayed for the first time.

Gold-leaf decoration showing a hunting-scene (a dog and a griffin attacking an ibex) using motifs from levantine art (Photo: Christian Eckmann)The objects which formed part of Tutankhamun's war chariots, the trappings of their horses and the sheaths of weapons are since their time of discovery in 1922 in a bad condition and were never studied adequately. However their decoration is of unusual beauty and decisive historical significance. The combination of Egyptian and Levantine motifs bears witness to the political and cultural interconnections between Egypt and the city-states of the Levant in the 14th century BCE.

A team of restoration specialists and archaeologists from the Egyptian Museum Cairo, the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz (the leading German Institution for scientific restoration), the Institute of Near Eastern Archaeology of the University of Tübingen (which excavated and studied similar objects at the site of ancient Qatna in Syria) and the German Archaeological Institute Cairo embarked now on a project to carry out a full archaeological and technological analysis of this group of objects and to restore them so that their value and importance can be appreciated for the first time.

Thanks to special funding by the Federal Republic of Germany and investing a sum exceeding 1 million Egyptian Pounds, a specialized restoration lab could be equipped at the Egyptian Museum Cairo. To support professional capacity building in the context of this project, scholarships are extended to Egyptian restorers to receive high-level specialized training at the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz.

On the 6th of April 2014, the project was inaugurated in the presence of H.E. the Minister of State for Antiquities, Prof. Dr. Mohamed Ibrahim, the representative of H.E. the German Ambassador to Egypt, Chargé d'Affaires Kai Boeckmann and the representatives of the research institutions involved. It is planned that the project, which is supported also by funds of the German Research Council (DFG), will be concluded after three years with a first public exhibition of the objects in the Egyptian Museum.

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Le ministre d'État des Émirats Arabes Unis, Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, a déclaré que l'aide à l'Égypte des Émirats est limitée, et ne continuera pas indéfiniment.

Le ministre d'État des Émirats Arabes Unis, Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, a déclaré que l'aide à l'Égypte des Émirats est limitée, et ne continuera pas indéfiniment. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By: AYA IBRAHIM

CAIRO: United Arab Emirates’ Minister of State Sultan Ahmed Al-Jaber, said Monday that the UAE’s aide to Egypt is limited, and will not continue forever.

Al-Jaber added, during his interview with the UAE’s Al-Roaya newspaper, that the current priority is to complement the developmental projects that have been agreed upon with the Egyptian side, as well as developing a comprehensive and integrated plan that aims at reviving the Egyptian economy.

“Eight million Egyptian citizens are now taking advantage of the Emirati aid program,” Al-Jaber said.

Al-Jaber emphasized that the UAE’s support is not aimed at supporting a certain political candidate against another, but aims to back Egypt to restore its pivotal role in the Middle East.”

He also added that the UAE implements projects for the purpose of  serving the Egyptian people, including developing infrastructure, and construction projects related to housing, education, health, and food security projects, noting that the total value of the Emirates aid allocated for the completion of these projects in late 2014 to mid 2015, is estimated at U.S. $7.447 billion.

“Cooperation ties between the UAE and Egypt were deep rooted, since the late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al-Nahyan had established the relations, and they are not related to a certain political stage,” Al-Jaber said.

“The UAE carried out an integrated recovery plan for Egypt’s economy to restore it back to sustainable growth”, Al Jaber had told Al-Ahram on March 23,noting that “the UAE is ready to cooperate fully to push forward the economic growth in Egypt.”

The Gulf states’ financial support filled a prominent gap for Egypt after the United States announced the suspension of their aid to Egypt, including deliveries of tanks, fighter aircrafts, helicopters and missiles as well as U.S. $260 million in cash aid following the ouster of former President Mohamed Morsi. Meanwhile, Egypt received support from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates.

Further, the UAE has embarked on implementing development and service projects in Egypt since the ouster of Morsi in July, including a major housing project announced by Field Marshal Abdel Fatah al-Sisi, aimed at lower-income people.

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Pour faire son travail, un journaliste reporter vit en danger au Caire.

Pour faire son travail, un journaliste reporter vit en danger au Caire. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

By AMIRA EL-FEKKI

CAIRO: Amr al-Sayed, a photojournalist for Sada el-Balad, and Khaled Hussien, a reporter for Youm7, were both shot on Monday while covering clashes between students and security forces at Cairo University, according to media reports.

Their injuries shed light on an increasingly dangerous environment for reporters and photojournalists in Egypt, which is reaching a critical point.

Sayed suffered from gunshots in the back, Sada el-Balad reported, while Hussein was shot in the chest, Youm7 reported. Both news agencies said that their reporters were in stable condition after undergoing emergency operation.

Reporters in danger

In March, Mayada Ashraf, a young journalist working for Al-Dostour newspaper, was shot dead while covering similar clashes, sparking rage among journalists who objected to their lack of protection from the institutions they work for.

A gas mask is typically the only safety equipment provided to a field reporter by their newspaper, Mostafa el-Sayed of Al-Masry Al-Youm newspaper told The Cairo Post.

Following Ashraf’s death and demands for more protection, the Press Syndicate and the Ministry of Interior agreed to supply 100 bulletproof vests to journalists. However, journalists are not convinced that this would be enough to protect them.

“A bulletproof vest? Apart from being expensive, those vests would probably be more trouble than protection to journalists, who would be immediately identified and targeted in clashes,” Sayed added.

Most field reporters argued after the January 25 Revolution, and again after the events of June 30, that violence against them has increased, whether from protesters or security forces.

“The journalist is responsible for his own life,” said Mohamed Antar, a 26-year field reporter who works for Al-Shorouk newspaper, adding that there cannot be a specific safety plan because “incidents come unexpectedly, usually from both sides of the sudden conflict using gun and birdshots.”

Danger is often more imminent for photojournalists, Antar added, because they are everyone’s target as soon as the camera is spotted.

Lobna Tarek, a photojournalist for El Shorouk newspaper, told The Cairo Post she stopped covering life-threatening events out of fear particularly since photojournalists are subject to assaults both from protesters and from security forces.

“While covering, I begin shooting, and then usually protesting students ask me to stop taking pictures of them because they see me as the media who will label them as ‘terrorists.’ On the other hand, security forces assault photojournalists and confiscate their cameras. I choose to leave at the right moment before it costs me my life,” Tarek said.

“No picture is worth a life,” she added.

On January 26, El-Wady News published a report of all assaults on journalists that occurred in one day, during the commemoration of the January 25 Revolution. At least 19 reporters and photographers were arrested, cameras were seized, and seven others including foreign reporters were assaulted by protesters, in addition to gunshot injuries for two reporters.

Reporters need protection

The Press Syndicate has condemned repeated attacks on journalists, and its president Diaa Rashwan called for a protest on Thursday at the syndicate and a strike from field reporters until their demands are met.

“I demand the Attorney General launch immediate investigations into the cases of reporter shootings, and I also call on media institutions to respond to the syndicate’s initiatives aimed at providing protection to reporters during the coverage of dangerous events,” Rashwan told The Cairo Post on Monday.

Antar said Rashwan’s initiative is “a positive step toward escalation on the issue,” although he believes that there should be further action.

“The syndicate must impose rules, restrictions and penalties on media and newspaper institutions to force them to take care of journalists,” Antar told The Cairo Post.

According to Rashwan, newspapers and news websites are responsible for the safety of their journalists, and they often “fail to properly protect their reporters.”

One of the basic rights for reporters is to be officially hired by their institutions, which would provide them with social and life insurance, he said. Rashwan said he has called for that action over and over again but with little response from the various newspapers.

“Taking this step means legally and professionally recognizing field reporters,” Khaled Salah, editor-in-chief of Youm7, said in press statements on Monday evening.

However, the Committee to Defend Press Independence in Egypt blamed the syndicate’s lack of action. “Facing a campaign of attacks against journalists will not be solved by protesting or filing lawsuits. The syndicate’s council should be more focused and dedicated to journalists’ issues,” it said in a press release on Monday night.

The committee also condemned the shooting of Hussein during the clashes.

“[The shooting] is only an episode of an ongoing series of attacks targeting reporters to silence them and prevent them from conveying facts to public opinion,” the statement read.

At the same time, journalist Nafisa el-Sabagh criticized journalists for complaining without attending the syndicate’s general assembly meetings to discuss their problems, adding in remarks to The Cairo Post that 7,500 registered journalists are entitled to vote on syndicate decisions.

“In the last meeting, only 13 people attended, including three members of the syndicate’s council and five reporters in charge of covering the syndicate news, which leaves only 10 journalists attending,” Sabagh added.

The debate surrounding the Press Syndicate is not the only complication that has revealed itself. Following Monday’s incidents, more direct accusations addressed the Ministry of Interior’s role, regarding assaults on reporters and the excessive use of force.

“Why would the police use live ammunition on students inside a university campus?” Salah stated during his Monday program on Al Nahar TV, during which he addressed the Deputy Interior Minister for Central Security Forces, confirming that Youm7 will legally pursue the Interior Ministry.

According to Sayed, the Press Syndicate should officially address the Ministry of Interior to coordinate and establish a mutual agreement or protocol ensuring reporter safety on the job.

Between having to work undercover and fearing being exposed, currently “journalists are responsible for their own lives,” Antar said.

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Egypte : une famille condamnée à quinze ans de prison pour conversion au christianisme

Egypte : une famille condamnée à quinze ans de prison pour conversion au christianisme | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
 

D’après l’Agence AsiaNews, le tribunal correctionnel de Beni Souef, situé à cent dix kilomètres du Caire, a condamné, le 14 janvier 2013, la famille Mohamed Abdel-Wahab à quinze ans de prison pour s’être convertie au christianisme.

L’histoire de la famille de Nadia Ali Mohamed a commencé en 2004 quand elle-même et ses enfants ont décidé, après leur conversion au christianisme, de remplacer leurs noms musulmans sur leurs cartes d’identité par leurs noms chrétiens. Pour ce faire, ils ont obtenu l’aide de sept employés du bureau de l’état civil. Née chrétienne, Nadia Mohamed Ali s’était tournée vers l’Islam pour épouser son mari Mustafa Mohamed Abdel-Wahab. Après la mort de celui-ci en 1991, Nadia avait décidé de revenir à sa religion d’origine et de pousser ses sept enfants Mohab, Maged, Sherif, Amira, Amir, Nancy et Ahmed à se convertir.

En 2006, l’un des fils, arrêté par la police dans un centre d’information de la ville de Beni Souef, avait été interrogé par la police pendant des heures jusqu’à ce qu’il avoue s’être converti au christianisme. Les juges ont alors procédé non seulement à l’arrestation de sa mère mais aussi à celle de tous ses frères et sœurs et des sept employés du bureau de l’état civil ayant modifié leurs documents.

En Egypte, la religion des individus est inscrite sur les cartes d’identité égyptiennes. Les chrétiens, convertis à l’islam, pour des raisons diverses, qui tentent de retourner à la religion à laquelle ils appartenaient, ont d’énormes difficultés à corriger leurs noms sur les documents administratifs. Le processus inverse, c’est à dire le passage du christianisme à l’islam n’est jamais entravé et, dans de nombreux cas, est favorisé par les fonctionnaires.

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Al-Sissi, devant le Conseil National des Femmes : "L'Egypte ne peut pas revenir à la situation qui était la sienne avant la révolution du 25 janvier 2011."

Al-Sissi, devant le Conseil National des Femmes : "L'Egypte ne peut pas revenir à la situation qui était la sienne avant la révolution du 25 janvier 2011." | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

During a Sunday meeting with members of the National Council for Women, presidential hopeful Field Marshal Abdel Fatah al-Sisi said the Egyptian people cannot be controlled by anyone, reported Youm7.

When asked about the possibility of the return of former regime members to political life, Sisi said, “there will be no steps back and the Egyptian people, who made two great revolutions, cannot be controlled by anybody especially after the country’s significant improvement in political life over the past two years.”

“Whoever Egypt’s next president is, nobody can return Egypt to its state prior to the January 25 Revolution,” said Sisi, Youm7 reported.

Sisi emphasized that totalitarian ruling has no place in Egypt’s future and the country will not be run in an un-democratic way.

Sisi met with council members to primarily discuss issues relating to women in Egypt. The meeting was attended by Deputy Head Mohamed Nour Farahat, Ambassador Mona Omar and Deputy Secretary General Margret Azer.

Sisi said that Egyptian women are appreciated and nobody can deny the role they play in society.

Egypt’s presidential elections will be held on May 26 and 27. Besides Sisi, Popular Current leader Hamdeen Sabbahi, lawyer Mansour Mortada, and broadcaster Bothaina Kamel have announced their intentions to run for president.

Additional reporting by Alaa Essam.

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Les Frères musulmans et Al Qaida: même combat?

Nul besoin d'être un spécialiste de la question pour constater que le mouvement des Frères Musulmans est en train de vivre une des périodes les plus sombres de son histoire. Le coup de grâce vient d'être donné par le gouvernement britannique lorsque le premier ministre David Cameron, à la surprise générale, a ordonné une enquête sur les activités du mouvement en Grande-Bretagne. Une évaluation à hauts risques pour un mouvement habitué à naviguer dans le gris de la clandestinité.

David Cameron avait lui même défini le cadre et la problématique de cette enquête en en résumant les interrogations: "Quelles sont leurs valeurs? Quelle est leur présence au Royaume-Uni? Croient-ils en l'extrémisme, ou en l'extrémisme violent? Quels sont leurs réseaux?".

Ce brusque tournant britannique intervient après deux séquences au cours desquelles le mouvement des Frères musulmans a subi deux violentes charges qui ont cassé son ossature. La première lorsque le ministre de la Défense égyptien, actuel candidat à la présidentielle égyptienne, Abdelfattah Sissi, dépose le président de Frères musulmans Mohamed Morsi,démantèle la confrérie et la déclare organisation terroriste. La seconde lorsqu'un pays aussi puissant que l'Arabie saoudite le range sur la liste des organisations terroristes qu'il faut non seulement réduire au silence mais dont il faut aussi assécher l'influence.

Lorsque ces deux pays, l'Egypte et l'Arabie saoudite avaient fait ces choix, rares étaient ceux qui pariaient sur une compréhension ou une complicité internationale. Bien au contraire nombreux étaient ceux qui misaient sur un haut-le-cœur international qui dénoncerait un excès d'autoritarisme susceptible de rouvrir la voie à tous les radicalismes.

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Un satellite égyptien va être lancé en coopération avec la Russie

Un satellite égyptien va être lancé en coopération avec la Russie | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
"The Egyptian satellite Egy SAT will be launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, Wednesday, in cooperation with the Russian government, the Russian Federal Space Agency and the Rocket and Space Corporation Energia," said Hussein al-Shafei, advisor to the Russian Space Agency in Egypt.  Shafei added this step will mark the beginning of cooperation to build a modern government that can capture huge amounts of information through space. He added that the satellite will also help secure Egypt's borders.  "Egypt will benefit from Egyptian-Russian cooperation in the field of aerospace as it will prompt it (Egypt) to be part of the aerospace industry and will encourage other industries in Egypt to rebuild," Shafei said. "The satellite will provide information technology for the new government, which came after two revolutions, to fully secure borders, redistribute agricultural land and to monitor environmental changes."  "We are talking now about the biggest leap in the history of Egyptian scientific research," he claimed.  "The Ministry of Scientific Research, in cooperation with a research center in Ukraine, launched a satellite about 10 years ago for scientific research which had been working for over three years until the ministry lost control of it," Shafei mentioned.  "Egypt is not far from aerospace technology and Egyptian scientists participated in manufacturing the Egy SAT," he said. Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm
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Comment être terroriste en Egypte

Comment être terroriste en Egypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A controversial anti-terror law currently being considered has sparked fury among human rights activists and the public in general. Many, including international rights watchdog Amnesty International, have called on the government to revise the bonkers legislation. On Friday a statement by the group said: "The draconian nature of this legislation, which flouts Egypt's obligations, suggests that it will pave the way to further clamp down on civil society and government opponents and critics, rather than tackling the threat of terrorism,"
In order to point just how absurd and, frankly, dangerous these new laws are, here are five things you which could see you branded a terrorist in Egypt:

Damaging National Unity: And what better way to turn neighbour against neighbour and father against son than supporting rival football teams? According to the new law this too could be considered terrorism against the state. So league football is out, along with any of those evil foreign sides leaving only the national side on the menu for football fans.

Damaging Natural Resources: See that pile of garbage burning in the street? Outright terrorism, according to the new law. Not bad in the eyes on many environmentalists...but really, death for garbage? That's rubbish.

Aiming to hinder anybodys work of judicial, regional and international bodies and diplomatic and consular missions in Egypt: Stuck in traffic again and afraid yo're going to be late for work, subsequently leading to your dismissal and ultimately leaving you on the street selling tissues? Well how's about an even more stressful notion - YOU could be a terrorist, if the person in if the car behind you happens to be filled to the brim with UN observers. But, how to tell? Quick - run away just in case.

Any behaviour damaging financial systems: Have you just spent the last two hours on the phone to your bank? Are you now left with an urge to find your nearest branch and vent your rage? Well don't.

Damaging the national economy: Here in Egypt, we're a patriotic bunch but how many of us shit all over the Egyptian economy by funneling cash out of Egypt and into the hands of major international companies such as McDonalds and Pepsi? However thankfully the new legislation will ensure that anyone gobbling down a traitorous Big Mac will be getting a side of prison.

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