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Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Infographie : quel est le style "convenable" pour les femmes?

Infographie : quel est le style "convenable" pour les femmes? | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Quel est le style vestimentaire qui convient pour une femme ? Cette enquête, menée dans sept pays musulmans, a suscité un grand intérêt à travers le monde. Le Pew Research Center américain a interrogé le directeur de l'enquête sur les méthodes et le déroulement.

 

Pourquoi avez-vous soulevé la question du style vestimentaire féminin musulman dans votre enquête ? Qu'espériez-vous apprendre ?

Mansoor Moaddel* : Les objectifs principaux de ce projet sont : 1) expliquer les variations du fondamentalisme religieux dans les sept pays concernés par l'enquête, 2) déterminer l'étendue de la pénétration des valeurs occidentales dans ces pays et 3) montrer les variations d'attitude parmi les personnes qui vivent dans ces pays quant à des questions comme l'égalité des sexes, la laïcité et la religion.

Dans les années 1920, l'avènement d'un Etat laïque moderne en Egypte, en Iran et en Turquie a créé un contexte qui a permis aux femmes de s'engager dans des mouvements pour leurs droits. En Egypte, après la déclaration d'indépendance de 1922, Huda Shaarawi a fondé l'Union féministe égyptienne et renoncé à son voile, et nombre de femmes des classes aisées ont suivi son exemple. En Iran et en Turquie, l'Etat a eu pour politique officielle de forcer les femmes à renoncer au voile.

Pour maintenir l'institution de la suprématie masculine, les fondamentalistes musulmans ont attaqué le mouvement des femmes sur la question qu'ils pensaient la plus fragile – la liberté de s'habiller comme elles l'entendent. L'ayatollah Morteza Motahhari, religieux iranien et l'un des principaux porte-parole du fondamentalisme chiite, a recadré le débat sur le voile en faisant de l'absence de voile l'équivalent de la nudité. Et cela fait plus de cent ans que pontes et gens ordinaires débattent de la légitimité du voile.

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Education Ministry faces heat after deleting unveiled feminist from textbooks

Education Ministry faces heat after deleting unveiled feminist from textbooks | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
The picture of a women's rights pioneer was deleted from a high school textbook because she was not wearing a hijab, prompting fierce condemnation from political parties, human rigths organizations, feminist groups and a number of public figures.
Egypt-actus's insight:

The 2013-2014 school year edition of the National Education textbooks for Grades 11 and 12 were edited to delete the picture of Doriya Shafiq and pictures of those killed during the 25 January revolution.

In a statement Sunday, the organizations and parties opposed to the move also condemned the statements of Mohamed Sherif, philosophy and national education adviser to the Ministry of Education, who told the privately owned Al-Dostour that Shafiq's picutre was deleted after "some religious satellite channels" objected to her not wearing the hijab.

Sherif added that protesters' pictures were deleted so as not to "provoke the feelings" of Egyptians.

“The ministry does not receive any instructions in the process of curriculum development,” he said, claiming that the changes “have nothing to do with the alleged 'Brotherhoodization' of the curriculum and education.”

Sherif further added that the changes were made to suit public opinion and the opinions of Islamic groups such as Al-Azhar, the Islamic Research Academy and the Endowments Ministry.

The opposition statement said that the ministry’s changes and the official's remarks are “unacceptable behavior in dealing with the Egyptian citizen, especially Egyptian women.”

The statement is signed by the Dostour Party, the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, and the Free Egyptians Party, in addition to human rights organizations and nearly 70 public figure and activists including, political science professor Amr Hamzawy, cofounder of the Egyptian Socialist Party Karima al-Hefnawy, media personality Bothaina Kamel and former Culture Minister Emad Abu Ghazi.

Doriya Shafiq is one of the pioneers of the women's liberation movement in Egypt from the first half of the 20th century. She campaigned for the rights of Egyptian women to vote and stand as candidates to be included in the 1956 Constitution.

Aside from campaigning against the British presence in Egypt, Shafiq also was a researcher and founded literary journals. She was granted a PhD in philosophy from the Sorbonne in France in 1940, after writing a thesis titled "Women in Islam, which claimed that women have twice the rights under Islam than they do under any other legislation.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm (Egyp independent)

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Egypt’s president denounces discrimination against unveiled student

Egypt’s president denounces discrimination against unveiled student | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi denounced the mistreatment of young student Heba Mohamed, who was discriminated against for being unveiled at Asmaa Bint Abi Bakr School in Alexandria, in a meeting with a delegation from the National Council for Women on Thursday.

Mohamed, a sixth-grade student, was deprived by the headmistress from being photographed along with fellow classmates, for not wearing the Islamic headscarf on Tuesday.

In a video uploaded on YouTube, the student is shown crying and protesting the discrimination against her, stressing that Islam calls for ‘flexibility.'

Meanwhile, in an interview with privately-owned Al-Watan newspaper, Mohamed’s father Mohamed Gad asserted the headmistress’s behaviour against his daughter was a result of the "domination of the Muslim Brotherhood in the school." 

The headmistress’s action is due to her belonging to the Muslim Brotherhood and her hostility towards Egypt's opposition groups, which his family supports, Gad claimed. "The headmistress has frequently scolded Heba, her sister and a number of girls to pressure them to wear the veil inside the school."

Gad promised to file a report against the headmistress until he regains his daughter’s rights in the classroom as she refuses to go to school since the incident occurred.

In November 2012, Iman Ahmed Kilani, a science teacher in Upper Egypt's city of Luxor was handed a six-month suspended jail sentence by the criminal court in Luxor. She was also forced to pay a LE50 fine and the expenses of the case after she cut the hair of two sixth-grade pupils for not wearing the Islamic veil. (Ahram Online)

 

 http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/65822/Egypt/Politics-/Egypt%E2%80%99s-president-denounces-discrimination-against.aspx ;
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