Égypt-actus
Follow
Find tag "subventions"
358.8K views | +66 today
Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
Curated by Egypt-actus
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Des citoyens parmi les plus riches de l'Egypte abusent des subventions à l'énergie.

Des citoyens parmi les plus riches de l'Egypte abusent des subventions à l'énergie. | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt’s wealthiest citizens are abusing energy subsidies, a government official claimed in a panel discussion on Thursday.

Of citizens belonging to the wealthiest 20 percent of Egyptian society, 72 percent were taking advantage of ration cards for subsidized energy, claimed General Abu Bakr al-Gendy, the head of the governmental Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS), reported the state-owned Middle East News Agency (MENA).

“Subsidies were made to assist the poor — and not just for petroleum products, but in regards to food commodities as well,” Gendy argued in the discussion.

The Regional Center for Strategic Studies organized the event under the title, “The government’s options to modify energy subsidies.”

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Egypte : sortir du cauchemar des subventions

Egypte : sortir du cauchemar des subventions | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Avec de l’essence à 1,73 $ le gallon, le trafic automobile au Caire est, sans surprise, un cauchemar. Et avec du pain à moins d’un cent, il n’est pas surprenant que les trottoirs de la ville soient pavés de pitas jetées. Avec les subventions, les États du Moyen-Orient et d’Afrique du Nord font en sorte que chacun, y compris les plus pauvres, ait accès aux biens de consommation de base à un prix abordable. Mais les subventions à l’énergie et aux biens de première nécessité sont de plus en plus coûteuses pour les ressources publiques, et, en même temps, n’apportent seulement que de très modestes avantages à ceux qui en ont besoin.

En Égypte, les classes moyennes, les nantis et les grandes entreprises sont les premiers bénéficiaires du système de subventions. Un égyptien nantis typique reçoit à peu près deux fois le montant de subventions d’un vrai pauvre. Dans le même temps, les subventions aux carburants et aux aliments comptent pour près d’un tiers du budget total de l’État, soit plus de 10 pour cent du PIB du pays. La question des subventions est donc clé pour résoudre les problèmes des finances publiques du pays.

Pourtant, la réforme est une tâche ardue. Pour les égyptiens, les produits subventionnés sont un élément essentiel du contrat social perçu entre les citoyens et l’État. Les égyptiens ont toujours eu peu à dire dans les affaires publiques et ne devaient jamais attendre beaucoup de leur État (en dehors des impôts, de la bureaucratie pléthorique et d’un harcèlement constant). Quand le président Sadate tenta de couper les subventions du pain en 1977, le pays connut de violentes émeutes. La même chose se produisit trente ans plus tard, suite à une hausse des prix alimentaires en 2008.

 

Afrik.com

Plus : http://www.afrik.com/egypte-sortir-du-cauchemar-des-subventions?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+afrikfr+%28Afrik+VF%29

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Egypt bread protests begin after rationing announced

Egypt bread protests begin after rationing announced | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Hundreds of Egyptian bakers blocked roads in Cairo on Tuesday in reaction to a government plan to ration bread.(....)

The plan will begin “after two months” in Port Said and Port Fouad, according to Reuters.

GlobalPost's senior correspondent in Egypt, Erin Cunningham, says that tampering with subsidized bread is "perhaps the most politically risky of measures" Egypt could use to address its budget deficit.

As recently as 2008, rumors that state subsidies on bread would be lifted prompted protests and clashes across the country, in which several Egyptians died.

 

More on: http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/middle-east/egypt/130320/cairo-egypt-bread-protests-rationing-fuel-shortage

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Fin des subventions, le tourisme en première victime

Fin des subventions, le tourisme en première victime | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Au plus mal, le secteur du tourisme est fortement opposé à la suppression des subventions sur le fuel. Un carburant utilisé tant par les hôtels que par les bateaux de croisières.

Censé aider l’Egypte à négocier le virage des énergies renouvelables, le plan de conversion énergétique, à l’initiative du ministère du Tourisme, inquiète grandement les professionnels du secteur. Lors d’une réunion organisée par le ministère éponyme, ils ont dénoncé la suppression des subventions allouées au fuel, prévue pour mai prochain. Pour eux, cette mesure est détachée des réalités économiques qu’ils subissent au quotidien, et manque, surtout, de dialogue. (Dalia Fatouq/Al-Ahram Hebdo)


Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/961/32/97/1699/Fin-des-subventions,-le-tourisme-en-premi%C3%A8re-victi.aspx

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Egypt aims to cut energy subsidy bill by 50% | Energy, Oil and Gas

Egypt aims to cut energy subsidy bill by 50% | Energy, Oil and Gas | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Egypt's has unveiled a plan to reduce by 50% the country's energy subsidy bill over the next five years, Mena has reported. The government has spent EGP55bn ($8.1bn) in the first half of the current fiscal year 2012/13 on the energy subsidy bill, and it is expected that the full-year bill will amount to EGP110bn ($16.3bn), said petroleum minister, Osama Kamal. The government has cut energy subsidies in the 2012/2013 budget to EGP70bn ($10.4bn).

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Egypt targets bread subsidies

Egypt targets bread subsidies | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

VIDEO

 

With around 40 percent of the people in Egypt living on $2 a day or less, cheap bread is a social subsidy this country still cannot function without.

There are many people in Egypt who do live on bread alone some days and very little more.

Egypt's economy after the revolution has fallen into deep trouble, as prices for all the basics are up and unemployment is rising, so is poverty.

The Egyptian government is running out of money, seeking a loan from the International Monetary Fund, and planning to make cuts, including rationing public bread.

Al Jazeera's Anita McNaught reports from Cairo.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Commentary: Fixing Egypt's Subsidy Nightmare

Commentary: Fixing Egypt's Subsidy Nightmare | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

With gas at $1.73 a gallon, no wonder Cairo’s traffic is a nightmare. And with bread at less than a cent apiece, it’s no surprise that the city’s sidewalks are lined with discarded pitas.

By using subsidies, governments in the Middle East and North Africa ensure that everyone, including the poorest, have access to basic consumer goods at an affordable price. But energy and commodity subsidies are becoming an increasingly heavy drain on public resources, while bringing only very small benefits to those in need.

In Egypt, the middle classes, the well-off and big business are the biggest beneficiaries of the subsidy system. A typical better-off Egyptian receives roughly twice the amount in subsidies as a genuinely poor one. At the same time, subsidies to fuels and food account for almost one-third of the total government budget, or over 10 percent of the country’s GDP. Thus the subsidy issue is the key to solving Egypt’s public-finance problems

 

More on: http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/fixing-egypts-subsidy-nightmare-8254

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Bakers become latest victims of Egypt subsidy cuts

Bakers become latest victims of Egypt subsidy cuts | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The bakers' concerns are by no means unique in Egypt this week. For decades, the state has subsidised the cost of food and fuel – essential in a country where around one in four live below the poverty line. But a severe economic crisis has forced the Islamist-led government to not only cut subsidies but also to introduce rationing. On Tuesday, ministers announced plans to introduce a smart-card system that limits each citizen to three small loaves a day.

The card scheme will be trialled in two cities, but Egyptian authorities are unlikely to be able to roll it out nationwide in the near future. In a country where bread is for millions the only significant source of sustenance, there are fears that would trigger a so-called revolution of the hungry and turn the pockets of unrest that Egypt has experienced over the past six weeks into something more widespread.

 

Patrick Kingsley / The Guardian

More : http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/mar/19/bakers-egyptian-subsidy-cuts

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Egypt-actus
Scoop.it!

Govt Suspends Distributing Macaroni On Ration Cards For 3 months

Govt Suspends Distributing Macaroni On Ration Cards For  3 months | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

The Egyptian Ministry of Supply and Internal Commerce has canceled that the last bid of macaroni made by the General Authority for Supply Commodities, which was about purchasing 25.000 tons of macaroni to be distributed on the ration cards besides the rice.

Reda Agag, Adisor to Egyptian Minister of Supply, said distributing macaroni on rations cards will be suspended for three months because the importers have put the macaroni's prices up. The price of one ton reaches EGP 3400.

 

Therefore, the ministry will resort to exchanging the macaroni with rice from the Food Industries Holding Company (FIHC).

On the other hand, the Egyptian Minister of Supply and Internal Trade, Bassem Auda, the area of land cultivated of wheat in Egypt reached 3.3 million acres, and the price of ardeb of wheat is EGP 400. So, the ministry has imported 60.000 tons of American wheat.

more...
No comment yet.