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Égypt-actus
Égypt-actus
revue de presse sur l'actualité culturelle, archéologique, politique et sociale de l'Égypte
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Explosion du nombre de réfugiés arrivés par la mer en Italie

Explosion du nombre de réfugiés arrivés par la mer en Italie | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Le nombre de réfugiés, qui débarquent sur les côtes en Italie, a été multiplié par dix en janvier, traduisant "le flux incessant et massif de migrants" en cours depuis l'été dernier, a annoncé mardi le vice-ministre de l'Intérieur.

Pendant les 30 premiers jours de 2014, les migrants débarquant sur les côtes italiennes ont été au nombre de 2.156, contre 217 en janvier 2013.

En 2013, 2.925 embarcations diverses ont accosté en Italie, en augmentation de 325% par rapport à 2012, avec à leur bord 42.925 personnes, dont 3.818 mineurs.

La majorité d'entre eux - 37.886 - sont arrivés en Sicile, dont 14.753 sur la seule île de Lampedusa, principale porte d'entrée en Europe des migrants arrivant d'Afrique.

"L'Italie a été soumise en 2013 à un flux massif et incessant de migrants provenant des pays du Maghreb et du Moyen-Orient", a expliqué Filippo Bubico, vice-ministre de l'Intérieur, au cours d'une audition devant la commission "Migrations" de l'assemblée parlementaire du conseil de l'Europe.

M. Bubico a par ailleurs annoncé que le gouvernement de coalition droite-gauche, dirigé par Enrico Letta depuis avril dernier, avait l'intention de réduire la durée maximale de présence des migrants dans les centres d'identification et d'expulsion, qui est actuellement de l'ordre de 18 mois.

Le principal pays d'où embarquent les réfugiés en route vers une vie meilleure en Europe est la Libye (27.314 personnes), suivi de l'Egypte (9.215) et de la Turquie (2.077).

Selon les déclarations faites par les réfugiés à leur arrivée, le principal pays d'origine est la Syrie (11.307 personnes), en augmentation exponentielle par rapport à 2012 (ils n'étaient alors que 582), suivi de l'Erythrée (9.834), la Somalie (9.263) et l'Egypte (2.618).

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The Egyptian Brotherhood’s dollar game

The Egyptian Brotherhood’s dollar game | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Many were angered when I stressed my belief that judges should rather starve than abandon their principles and I do not know how many more will be angered today when I say that nations should rather starve than abandon their values. Currently, we are being ruled by people who are stripping Egypt of its traditional role among nations as a country that has always provided shelter, guaranteed safety and given hope to those who have found all other doors closed.

Egypt has historically provided refuge to whoever sought it and among its first refugees was Jesus Christ, whose trip to Egypt with the Virgin Mary to escape the Romans, is considered one of the most prominent cases of political asylum in world history (...)

News rulers, new rules!
The new rulers in Egypt and Libya have started implementing an agreement to turn over Libyans to Tripoli, a deal that tarnishes the image of Egypt as a country known throughout history to have provided protection to those who sought it. Two days ago security forces stormed the house of Ahmed Gadhaf al-Dam, a cousin of the late Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi, in a shocking manner that defies logic and goes against our values.

 few weeks ago, reports were leaked about this agreement which stipulates that around 1,800 Libyans linked to the former Qaddafi regime and residing in Egypt will be turned over to Libyan authorities (...)

This questionable deal got Egypt’s rulers $3 billion and promises of job opportunities for Egyptians in Libya. A Washington-based research center revealed that this deal between the Muslim Brotherhood and the Libyan authorities was made in return for oil investment opportunities in Libya’s eastern provinces.

 

More on: http://english.alarabiya.net/en/views/2013/03/22/The-Egyptian-Brotherhood-s-dollar-game-.html

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Egypte : Des réfugiés économiques dans les mines d'or

Egypte : Des réfugiés économiques dans les mines d'or | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Frappés par la crise économique en Egypte de plus en plus de jeunes ont trouvé la parade dans les mines d'or. Avec l'écroulement du secteur touristique de nombreux jeunes Egyptiens d'Assouan se ruent vers les mines d'or.

 

Ecouter : http://www.dw.de/popups/mediaplayer/contentId_16640451_mediaId_16640440

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Port Said makes second home for Syrian refugees

On the 21th of January, 620 Syrian refugees arrived in Port Said after a long boat trip of about 30 hours. Those new comers are part of the 300 000 Syrian refugees in Egypt that escape the shelling and the bad condition of life during the war. In Port Said and Port Fuad, the Syrians get help from a business men organization. They told Egypt Independent how they were welcomed in Egypt and how they organized their travel from Turkey.

This video is linked with the article "Into the fold" of Egypt Independent Print published on the 7th of February 2013. 

Directed by: Lindsey Parietti and Virginie Nguyen
Videography by: Mayada Wadnomiry
Translation by: Dina Zafer

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Egypt Didn't Deport Palestinians To Syria; Sources

Egypt Didn't Deport Palestinians To Syria; Sources | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

A reliable source in the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has denied what the Human Rights Watch stated on 18th January 2013.

The organization has asserted that the Egyptian authorities forcibly deported Palestinian refugees to Syria. This matter is unreal, said the source; elaborating that the Egyptian government always provide facilities for Syrian and Palestinian refugees, as they are allowed to enter the country without prior approval. They are being treated as Egyptian citizens, and enjoy educational and health services.

The source confirmed that the Egyptian authorities didn't deport the two citizens, who the organization of Human Rights Watch pointed to, in its statement to Syria. And the authorities in Egypt don't oblige any person to forcibly return to Syria.

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Refugees struggle in Egypt's 'Little 'Syria'

The United Nations estimate that around 100,000 Syrian refugees have fled to Egypt since the uprising in their country began in March 2011.

Tens of thousands of the refugees live and work in Giza, in an area now called "Little Syria". Many arrive with little money and are struggling to pay for food and rent.

Al Jazeera's Sherine Tadros reports from Giza, near Cairo.

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Parmi les réfugiés de Gaza : "L'ennemi est Israël, mais l'Egypte nous a trahis."

Parmi les réfugiés de Gaza : "L'ennemi est Israël, mais l'Egypte nous a trahis." | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Traditi dall’Egitto, derubati da Israele, senza fiducia nei confronti dell’America e con un incontenibile desiderio di tornare nei luoghi d’origine, da Giaffa a Beer Sheva: sono i sentimenti che pulsano nel cuore di Gaza che batte dentro la grande moschea Omari, roccaforte dei seguaci di Hamas. Sulla strada intitolata a Omar el Muktar, l’eroe della resistenza libica all’occupazione italiana, poco oltre il mercato coperto degli orafi e alcuni carretti di frutta, la moschea che porta il nome di Omar bin el-Khattab, il califfo della conquista musulmana della Palestina, è un simbolo dei fondamentalisti da quando nel giugno 2007 l’imam Mohammed al-Rafati venne ucciso da Al Fatah durante la guerra fratricida che terminò con l’affermazione di Hamas. 

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Les conditions de vie des réfugiés se détériorent suite aux troubles en Égypte

Les conditions de vie des réfugiés se détériorent suite aux troubles en Égypte | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

L’instabilité politique et la profonde crise économique en Égypte, qui a enregistré une baisse du tourisme et des investissements, ainsi qu’une augmentation des prix alimentaires, affectent les communautés les plus vulnérables. 

Au mois de janvier, l’inflation a augmenté de 1,7 pour cent, selon la Banque centrale d’Égypte. Le taux d’inflation annuel est de 6,3 pour cent. 

Selon des groupes de défense des droits des réfugiés africains, les réfugiés et les migrants sont régulièrement victimes d’arrestations arbitraires et d’enlèvements ; ils ont également des difficultés à se nourrir et à payer leur loyer. 

« Les conditions de vie des réfugiés en Égypte se sont dégradées après la révolution », a dit Aly Mahmud, réfugié soudanais et fondateur de la Makarem African Society, une organisation non gouvernementale (ONG) qui aide les réfugiés à trouver du travail. 

« L’économie égyptienne tourne au ralenti, les réfugiés ont de plus en plus de difficultés à gagner leur vie ou à vivre dans la dignité ». (IRIN)

Plus : http://www.irinnews.org/fr/Report/97589/Les-conditions-de-vie-des-r%C3%A9fugi%C3%A9s-se-d%C3%A9t%C3%A9riorent-suite-aux-troubles-en-%C3%89gypte

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Egypt: Egypt's turmoil makes life tougher for refugees

Egypt: Egypt's turmoil makes life tougher for refugees | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it

Osman Sheshy (not his real name), a 26-year-old refugee from Eritrea living in the Egyptian capital, remembers fondly the day three months ago when a wealthy Egyptian man asked him to clean his villa for 50 Egyptian pounds (US$7.3).

He has not worked since, though not for want of trying: He spends his days knocking on the doors of houses, firms, factories and workshops to beg for work.

“I urgently need work to feed my family, but this work has become impossible to find here,” the father of two told IRIN. “We stick to buying the basics, but these basics become harder to get each day.”

The political turmoil and deep economic crisis in Egypt, which has been hit by a slump in tourism, low investment and rising food prices, is hurting the country’s most vulnerable communities.

Monthly inflation in January was up 1.7 percent according to the Central Bank of Egypt. The current annual inflation rate is 6.3 percent.

African refugee rights’ groups say refugees and migrants are frequently the victims of unprovoked arrests and disappearances, while also struggling to feed themselves and pay rent.

“Life in Egypt for refugees has moved from bad to worse after the revolution,” said Aly Mahmud, a Sudanese refugee and the founder of the Makarem African Society, an NGO that tries to help refugees find jobs.

“As Egypt's economy shrinks, the refugees find it more difficult to earn a living or even lead a dignified life.”

As of January 2013, the number of African refugees officially registered in Egypt was 35,180, according to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR).

 

African refugees and economic migrants generally live in Cairo's toughest neighbourhoods, sharing dirty toilets and stinking alleyways with Egypt’s poorest citizens.

“The refugees have been affected in the same way that Egyptians have been affected,” Elizabeth Tan, deputy regional representative of UNHCR, told IRIN. “Refugees often complain about an increase in crime and the increase in the cost of living.”

More on: http://www.ionglobaltrends.com/2013/03/egypt-egypts-turmoil-makes-life-tougher.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FzqKG+%28i+On+Global+Trends%29


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More than 100,000 Syrian refugees in Egypt

More than 100,000 Syrian refugees in Egypt | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

During a speech at an aid donor conference in Kuwait on Wednesday, Kamel also said Cairo was examining the building of a field hospital on the Turkish-Syria border to treat refugees escaping the 22-month Syrian civil war.

"We call on the UN humanitarian agencies and international community to continue backing the Syrian people until the end of the political crisis," MENA quoted Kamel as saying.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said in December that a community centre for Syrians living on the outskirts of Cairo had been officially launched in collaboration with a number of Egyptian non-governmental organisations.

The centre aims to become a gathering venue for Syrian refugees in Egypt to "exchange information and organise social activities and workshops."

It will also provide psychosocial support to children and adults.

"Many young children witnessed violent scenes before leaving Syria and girls heard stories about sexual violence as well," said Elizabeth Tan, deputy regional representative of UNHCR in Cairo.


More : http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=27382315-d82c-431b-90c3-ac0e2d4e90e2

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Rights council condemns marriage to Syrian refugees

Rights council condemns marriage to Syrian refugees | Égypt-actus | Scoop.it
Egypt-actus's insight:

The Egyptian National Council for Women Rights (NCWR) condemned on Wednesday the phenomenon of Egyptian men marrying Syrian refugees.

Many Syrians have been recently displaced to Egypt due to the civil unrest in their home country, the number of registered Syrian refugees has reached 8, 858 according to the most recent updated data at the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

The council said in a statement that these marriages are "crimes committed against women under the guise of religion, as some of the Islamic preachers encourage young Egyptian men to marry Syrian refugees."

They justify these marriages as an altruistic gesture to save Syrian girls from their refugee status though in fact they are using their need for money, the dowry for these marriages usually does not exceed 500 Egyptian pounds.

A local newspaper published a story on Tuesday under the title "Hidden tragedies of Syrian marriages in Egypt" which reported that the phenomenon produced "brokers" for such marriages.

According to Syria's personal status law the minimum age of marriage for girls is 16, whereas the law does not regulate this matter under Egypt's new charter.

In counteract to these marriages, online campaigns were launched on social networking sites. Activists have created a Facebook page under the name 'Refugees not captives' and a hashtag on Twitter under the same name denounced this phenomenon as well.

The council demanded an investigation into the figures mentioned in the media with the involved people who 'broker' these marriages in order to take the necessary actions.

The council stressed that this behavior represents human trafficking, adding that "it conflicts with international conventions and human rights."

It said that this conduct contradicts religion as it is an exploitation of the poor living conditions of Syrian girls.

The council is preparing a memorandum to be submitted to the President and the Prime Minister after collecting and documenting all the relevant data and confirming its accuracy.

(Aswat Masriya)
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